INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MANAGEMENT SCIENCE AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP
Vol. 10 No.6 September, 2017.
Cambridge Research and Publications International,
Centre for African Humanity and Development Circle (CAHDC),
University of Nigeria, Nsukka,Enugu State, Nigeria.
Copyright © 2017 Cambridge Research and Publications International.
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USING THE THEORY OF PLANNED BEHAVIOUR TO EXPLAIN THE ENTREPRENEURIAL INTENTIONS OF UNIVERSITY GRADUATES
EUNICE. O. CHUKWUMA-NWUBA
Faculty of Business and Law, University of Northampton, UK
The Nigerian government introduced a compulsory entrepreneurship education programme in the undergraduate curriculum of universities with the aim of developing entrepreneurial intentions in the graduates. This study applied Ajzen (1991) theory of planned behaviour (TPB) to investigate the effect of the programme. The objective was to determine the effect of the entrepreneurship education (EE) programme on the entrepreneurial intentions (EI) of university graduates who participate in EE programmes in a developing country context. The research design was the quasi-experimental method conducted in a cross-sectional survey. The samples comprised graduates (experimental group) and undergraduates (control group) from a federal university in north-central Nigeria. Sample selection was through the stratified random technique. Instrument for data collection was a questionnaire rated on 7-point scale. Data analysis methods were canonical correlation, structural equation modelling (SEM) – path analysis, and independent sample t test. The results showed that entrepreneurship education has positive effect on entrepreneurial intentions of university graduates who take the programme. Furthermore, the constructs of the TPB exert direct and indirect effects on the development of EI of university graduates. The study concluded that the compulsory entrepreneurship education in Nigerian universities has the potential to lead to university graduates becoming entrepreneurs which is necessary to reduce the endemic graduate unemployment in the country. Accordingly, the programme can be considered a good educational intervention. In adition, the TPB constructs could contribute to explaining the development of entrepreneurial intentions among participants in entrepreneurship education programmes in a developing country context. The research will be of significant value to policy makers in the education and labour sectors.
Keywords: Entrepreneurship Education, Entrepreneurial intentions, Theory of planned behaviour, University Graduates
THEORETICAL UNDERSTANDING OF THE CAUSES OF BOKO HARAM INSURGENCY IN THE NORTH EASTERN REGION OF NIGERIA
USMAN D. UMARU, Ph.D
Department of Public Administration, University of Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria
The study is on the theoretical understanding of the Boko Haram Insurgency in the North Eastern Region of Nigeria. The objective of the study is to identify the role of the Conspiracy theories in the killings and destructions in the North Eastern Region of Nigeria by the Boko Haram Insurgents. This was achieved by the examination of the various documentary evidences on Conspiracy Theories. The study then found out that Conspiracy theories greatly influenced the killings and destructions in the North Eastern Region, because it had misled the people of the region and leaders in Nigeria. The study therefore concluded that Conspiracy theories had strengthened and prolonged the insurgency in the North Eastern Region of Nigeria. It is therefore recommended that Conspiracy theories should never be taken serious by the people and governments, rather the source should be identified and dealt with in order to avoid retardation and drawbacks.
Keywords: Theory, Conspiracy theory, Boko Haram and Insurgency
AUDIT EXPECTATION GAP: REALITY BETWEEN STANDARDS AND SOCIETY VIEW LESSONS TO NIGERIANS
ABUBAKAR YERIMA CHABBAL
Department of Accountancy, Federal Polytechnic Damaturu, Yobe State, Nigeria
This paper provide a critical assessment of the position of the relevant laws and standard with respect to how auditing engagement ought to be technically and what the common man thick as it should be doing. Auditing is an assurance service provide by professional accountant to express opinion as to the “true and fair view” of his client financial statement. This is achieved by taken into consideration the provision of relevant laws, standards, procedures and the pronouncement of professional ethical standard by auditors’ professional body (s). This audit engagement is distinct to the normal routine organizational check and control, which is carry out by employee (s) of the organization who is appointed by the management. The external auditor is allowed to charge fees commensurate to the nature of the audit work to be carried out.
Keywords: auditing, material misstatement, compliance, ethics, principles
THE IMPACT OF DEVELOPMENT AND AID INDUSTRY IN NIGERIA
*VEN. EGESI JONATHAN CHIDOBEREM *ALANEME JUSTINA CHIKA (MRS) **ONUOHA PASCHAL (MRS)
*Imo State Polytechnic, Umuagwo Ohaji **Department of Social Studies, AIFCE, (Owerri)
Africa in general and Nigeria in particular have been working for long strategies and awareness to bring about development within Africa. A lot of efforts have been geared in this direction. Africa however have come to the increasing discovery that development is not a reality that can be achieved only be an individual’s sole efforts and resources. The truth of the matter is that development whether at the national or regional level is of global nature. This is as a result of the above that there is therefore need to access development at both regional and international levels and equally seek help/aids from different international development agencies or partners and also from non-governmental organizations. For this singular purpose, Africa love sought for development support from such partners as IMF USAID, ADB and Rockefeller foundation among a multitude of others. Let it be said that most of these aids sought from these organizations have always come with strings attached, many of these aids have not always being in the best interest of the Africans at large. Moreso, this paper is aimed at analyzing or discussing the efforts of Africans geared towards development and the result and relationship existing between the Africans and the aid industry, with the general objective being to search how beneficial the aid industry have benefited Africa’s development aids and efforts.
Keywords: Impact, Development, Aid, Industry, Nigeria.
ABUBAKAR YERIMA CHABBAL
Department of Accountancy, Federal Polytechnic Damaturu, Yobe State, Nigeria
This research work is aimed at assessing MIBF students understanding of Shariah auditing, and whether their understanding has any implication on the development of Islamic finance in Nigeria. A structured questionnaire was used to gather data from the respondents and Chi-Square test was used to analyze the data gathered. The total population of the study was 57 students out of which stratify and simple random sampling was used to select a sample of 30 students. Based on the Chi-Square test, it was found that Shariah auditing has not been comprehensively introduced to MIBF students and therefore IIIBF-BUK should endeavor to review it curriculum to make Shariah auditing core course. While government should give approval to other universities to offer Shariah finance related courses.
Keywords: auditing, Islamic financial institutions, accounting, Shariah auditing.
SUSTAINABILITY OF THE URBAN POOR: A PLANNING PERSPECTIVE
1TPL ADEMOLA OLATEJU MUKAILA. 2TPL USMAN MOHAMMED BABANGIDA. 3TPL OLASEHINDE FELICIA IYABODE.
Kaduna Polytechnic, P.M.B 2026, Kaduna State, Nigeria.
The role of agriculture in an agrarian economy like Nigeria as a pathfinder to understanding the sustainability of the environment cannot be over emphasized, rapid, largely unchecked, urbanization is common in many urban centers such as the Lagos metropolis. Associated with these are the key problems of urban poverty and food security, urban land market, and issues related to sustainable urban development. Urban agriculture (UA) is in reality and in many cases a response to crisis and a coping strategy of the urban poor UA can contribute to food security in several ways. It increases the amount of food available and enhances the freshness of perishable foods reaching urban consumers. This study also highlights that urban agriculture does appear to be associated with greater dietary diversity and calorie availability, both measures of an improved diet and hence closely related to food security.UA can also play a role in environmental conservation. However, UA production systems can pose risks to public health and the environment. These arise from the inappropriate or excessive use of agricultural inputs-including pesticides, nitrogen, and raw organic matter containing heavy metal residues. Urban land use planners should endeavour to promote multifunctional land use, and greater community participation in the management of urban open spaces as a way of integrating UA as a key component in urban development programmes.
Keywords: Urban; Urban Poor; Agriculture; Food Security; and Sustainability.
DIVERSIFICATION OF NIGERIA ECONOMY THROUGH GUERRILLA MARKETING PRINCIPLES AS STRATEGIES FOR INNOVATION BY SMES
1ANUKAM, AMAOBI ISAAC, 2ACHAMA, GODWIN IKECHUKWU
1Department of Marketing, Faculty of Management Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria 2Department of Business Administration, Imo State Polytechnic, Umuagwo
The concept of Guerrilla marketing subsumes a set of different innovative and creative approach to marketing in today’s marketplace warfare. It aims principally at gaining large effect with a small budget through surprise and diffusion effects. Although the instruments are more and more often applied by today’s practitioners, there is barely scientific discussion about the concept. Therefore, this paper intends to raise such discussion in describing the evolution, philosophers’, principles of the concept and current understanding of guerrilla marketing among Hotel entrepreneurs in Imo State, as an attempt to gaining attention of a large number of applicators in attracting consumers at relatively low cost by means of surprise effect and diffusion effect. The study highlights how different guerrilla instruments like internal, ambient, sensation, viral, buzz marketing try to evoke these effects. The study uses empirical evidence to discuss the application of the GM principles as found in the sample of 40 Hotels in Imo State. The design of the study is descriptive design, and triangulation method was used in data collection, and the results of hypotheses testing are as given by SPSS package. The results show that the Hotel entrepreneurs’ use of guerrilla marketing weapons is consistent with literature. They all agreed that they cannot survive the larger competitors and rough economic life in Nigeria, without resorting to guerrilla marketing. The study recommends Guerrilla Marketing for the marketing of Hotel services in Nigeria. Guerrilla marketing surprises you and is therefore striking. It all comes together in one: “impact”. Guerrilla marketing means impact, and that is what today marketplace needs.
Keywords: Unconventional marketing, Buzz marketing, Ambient marketing, Ambush marketing, Innovativeness
EDUCATION AS AN INSTRUMENT FOR EFFECTIVE NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT: WHICH WAY NIGERIA
TIJANI SULEMAN OLATUNJI & ISAAC, IMOAGENE
Department of Humanities & Social Sciences, Auchi Polytechnic, Auchi, Edo State
Education has various definitions. Education is the process of acquiring knowledge, skills, attitudes, interest, abilities, competence and the cultural norms of a society by people, and to transmit this life to the coming generations so as to enhance perpetual development of the society. The Nigerian policy on education had gone through many stages to the extent that, policy incoherence had negatively affected the success of the policies. There had been significant decline in the standard of education. All the stake holders have contributed variously to this decline. Education, rather than being used as an instrument for effective national development in Nigeria had become a tool for destruction. With the evolving curricula, reform and development by the emerging private schools, education would in the very near future become an instrument for effective national development in Nigeria. In order to be able to effectively achieve this, this paper has recommended that government should endeavor to reactivate the scholarship scheme in order to enable student to have access to education. Secondly, government policy on education should be such that will hlp produced graduate that are competent and qualified to fit in to giant developmental stride of the nation. Private school should also strive to acquire the necessary facilities that will technologically advance the knowledge of student for development.
Keywords: Educational Policy, Development, Skill, Crisis, Reform
ELECTRONIC BANKING IMPLEMENTATION AND CUSTOMERS’ SATISFACTION: A NIGERIAN BANKING SECTOR PERSPECTIVE.
ADEGBOYEGA R. AFOLABI,
Lecturer, Accounting Department, Crescent University, Abeokuta
The advancement in Information Technology in the 1980s and 90s which resulted in the advent of world wide internet technology created big challenges for the banking industry which is known for its world wide operations. Therefore, electronic banking is a must for any bank or country that which to remain relevance in the financial world of today. This research examine the electronic banking implementation and customers’ satisfaction from Nigerian banking industry perspective. Both primary and secondary source of data are employed The research design adopted in this research work is an exploratory research design and it is characterized by survey of literate and semi-literate individuals; and case study. The data are analyzed using correlation, coefficient of determination, F-test and analysis of variance (ANOVA); these various techniques are used to interpret results of the analysis through Software Package for Social Science (SPSS). The findings showed that there is significant relationship between electronic banking and customers’ satisfaction as well as bank’s financial intermediation role. The research study concluded that electronic banking have improved customer’s satisfaction with significant effect on financial intermediation and financial inclusion as well as citizens’ development in terms of bank customers’ satisfaction in Nigerian economy.
Keywords: Information Technology, Electronic banking, customers’ satisfaction, financial intermediation, and banking industry.
RECORDS MANAGEMENT: TECHNOLOGY FOR BETTER BUSINESS PRACTICES IN NIGERIA
ILESANMI OLADELE AYODEJI, PH.D
Department of Business Administration, Osun State University, Osogbo, Nigeria.
Modern organisations depends on records which preserves all aspects of institutional memory as evidence of activities, transactions and decisions of what happened and why. This paper examines the effect of records management as a nexus of technology for better business in Nigeria. Descriptive research design was utilised in obtaining necessary data from a sample size of 220 from three selected teaching hospitals selected randomly from different department through the administration of structured questionnaires. Five hypotheses were tested using regression analysis with the aid of SPSS version 20. The result of r= .753(75.3%), .770(77%), .792(79.2%), .850(85%), 692(69.2%) respectively were obtained showing that records management has significant relationship with attainment of organisational objectives; good records management promotes organisational effectiveness and efficiency; good records management enhance goodwill (reputation) of the enterprise; records management helps to learn from mistakes and replicate successes and there is significant relationship between records management and organisational investment. The paper recommends to the various teaching hospitals that the importance of good records management cannot be overemphasized in that the administrators of the various teaching hospitals should invest more on records safe keeping and human capital development
Keywords: Records management, organisational effectiveness, goodwill, investment, governance, compliance, risk management
COLLECTIVE BARGAINING AS A TOOL FOR HEALTHY LABOUR RELATIONS IN NIGERIA
*ILESANMI OLADELE AYODEJI **BAKARE AKEEM ADEWALE
*Department of Business Administration, Osun State University, Okuku Campus, Osun State, Nigeria **Department of Business Administration, Fountain University, Osogbo, Osun State, Nigeria
The success of every organisation rests on the effective and peaceful labour relations. With the present economic situation, demands by unions or employees for improved salaries and better conditions will dominate labour relations scene and as such industrial conflicts may become a constant phenomenon. Such conflicts may be avoided if labour relations principles and programmes are put into practice. This paper examines collective bargaining as a tool for healthy labour relations in Nigeria. In order to create an enabling environment for the practice of peaceful labour relations amongst actors in the various industries, there is need to maintain dignity and sanctity of collective agreement. Doing this may require a lot of tact, skills, “give and take” from the various groups. If this is done, it will keep the industrial climate reasonably healthy. It is believed that government (federal, states, and local) are the largest employer of labour as well as entrepreneur who has responsibility to care for the welfare of workers which by implication is the promotion of socioeconomic welfare of the nation.
Keywords: Collective Bargaining, Labour Relations, Economic Recession, Conflict, Dialogue.