SUB-SAHARA AFRICAN JOURNAL OF HUMANITIES AND SOCIAL SCIENCE (SJHSS)
VOL 17 (6) DECEMBER, 2020 ISSN: 2316-7989
Sub-Sahara African Academic Research Publications,
Centre for African Development Studies, University of Ibadan,
P. O. Box 10108, U. I. Post Office. Ibadan Oyo State, Nigeria, West-Africa.
ROLE OF MASS MEDIA IN THE RECONSTRUCTION, REHABILITATION AND REMAKING OF SOCIO-ECONOMY AND POLITY OF NORTHEASTERN NIGERIA
ABUBAKAR SUFYANU SAIDU AL-SADIQUE1*, ABDU DAUDA SHAMSU2 AND ADAMKOLO MOHAMMED IBRAHIM3
1Department of Mass Communication, Bayero University, Kano, PMB 3011 Kano, Kano State, Nigeria; Research Scholar, Department of Mass Communication, The Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria. 2Department of Mass Communication Department, the Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi. 3Department of Mass Communication, University of Maiduguri, PMB 1069 Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria (Department of Mass Communication, Bayero University, Kano, PMB 3011 Kano, Kano State, Nigeria).
Mass media are known to be vehicles for the transformation of societies. Now the focus of governments, Non-Governmental Organisations and people in the Northeastern part of Nigeria which has been ravaged by insurgency is that of fashioning out plans of rehabilitation and reintegration of those people displaced by the insurgency. Using a review of some relevant literature in related areas, the study discovered that some of the major factors that have remained a hindrance to the development of the region can be addressed through reviewing the ownership structure and operations of the mass media in the sub-region.
Keywords: Mass Media, Reconstruction, Rehabilitation and Remaking of Socio-economy, Northeastern Nigeria
THE RIGHT TO NATURAL RESOURCES IN NIGERIA
*YINKA OLOMOJOBI, Ph.D; **GOODNEWS OSAH, Ph.D; & ***OLUSEYI OLUWALAMBE APAMPA
*School of Law & Security Studies, Babcock University, Ilishan-Remo, Ogun State **Department of Political Science and Public Administration, Babcock University, Ilishan-Remo, Ogun State ***School of Law & Security Studies, Babcock University, Ilishan-Remo, Ogun State.
The right to natural resources is the acknowledgment and existence of essential opportunities for Nigerians. Within the Nigerian lifestyle there has now not been a lot of internal attention on what are known as human rights. The country has been focused for a while on infringement of the welfare and political rights from one angle to another. Problems pertaining to poverty, inequality, and deprivation—are the main problems of Nigeria despite its natural resource endowments. The curse on Nigeria may be explained to the abundance of oil and gas resources in Nigeria which exacerbates the risk of insecurity and conflict. The methodology for this paper is the doctrinal approach, as it derived its data from case-law, statutes and other legal sources. The focus of this paper is to explore international law, regional law and domestic law in ascertaining protection for natural resource as a human right. The paper also examines the rights of citizens to participate in the exploitation of natural resources in their country. Furthermore this paper centres on the potential justiciability of natural resources as a human right.
Keywords: Human rights, Natural resources, Exploitation, Self-determination, Economic Development
AN EVALUATION OF VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN IN BORNO STATE
*BALU BUKAR ABBA; *ADDA GANA BUKAR; **HAJJA BINTU BUKAR
*Dept of Industrial and Labour Relations, Ramat Polytechnic Maiduguri, Borno State **Department of Public Administration, Ramat Polytechnic Maiduguri, Borno State.
In our society, many women are violently treated by their men counterpart while they suffer in silence. In some cases, domestic violence leads to the death of these women. This should not be allowed to continue because women are crucial to the growth and development of any nation and the world at large. They are homemakers, custodians of social, cultural and fundamental values of the society; and permanent change is often best achieved through them. Full community development is impossible without their understanding, cooperation and effective participation. Considering all these, women deserve better treatment but opposite is usually the case. Violence against women affects the physical and psychological wellbeing of the abused women and even that of their children. It is on this premise that this paper discusses the meaning of violence against women, types of violence against women, gender based violence in Nigeria, theories of violence against women, literature review, causes of violence against women, conclusion and recommendations.
Key words: Gender, Violence, Women, Domestic, Force.
MANAGEMENT REFOCUSING ON PRIMARY EDUCATION FOR SUSTAINABILITY OF PEACE AND SECURITY IN PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN GWAGWALADA AREA COUNCIL, ABUJA, NIGERIA
BONIFACE, ICHA IJUO (Ph.D); LOVE EFFIONG EBUK (Ph.D)
Department of Educational Management, Faculty of Education, University of Abuja, Nigeria.
This paper focused on management refocusing on primary education for sustainability of peace and security in primary schools in Gwagwalada Area Council, Abuja, Nigeria. Survey design was used for the study. The population of the study was 5,651 (Teacher Registration Council of Nigeria (TRCN) 2015-2018) teachers and the sample of the study was 300 teachers got through random sampling technique. The instrument was validated by experts from the Department of Primary Education, University of Abuja. The reliability of the study was carried out after the pilot, test-retest analysis was used for analyze the data. The reliability coefficient index of 0.73 was achieved. Mean statistics was used to analyze the research questions. The findings of this study showed that management has not refocused on education sustainability of peace and security in primary schools. It was recommended according to the findings of the study that management should ensure that entrepreneurial skills are introduced at this level of education to enable the children to become job and wealth creators in the future rather than being job seekers. Management should ensure that adequate funding has provided at this level of education so as to help maintain standard competiveness and integrity in the Nigerian system of education.
Keywords: Management, Primary Education, Sustainability of Peace and Security
ELECTION AND HATE SPEECH CAMPAIGN IN THE PRINT MEDIA: A CASE STUDY OF JANUARY 19, 2015 PUNCH ADVERT
BASSEY MOSES IGWE
Political and Governance Policy Department, the Nigerian Institute of Social and Economic Research, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.
The hallmark of advanced democracies all over the world is free and fair periodic election. The campaign for the 2015 presidential election will go down in as one of the most tension-laden in the political history of Nigeria. The use of Hate speech before, during and after the general election became appalling to an extent that one would think that Nigeria was at war. The paper did an analysis of the January, 19th 2005 advert on The Punch Newspaper. The research design adopted was the Content Analysis. The paper discovered that the advert should not have been allowed because it promoted hate speech and was against the ethics of journalism. The study therefore concluded that such advert should not be allowed because it had lot of hate content, which are inimical to democracy. It recommended that the media organisation should make deliberate efforts to rightly inform the people by way of their editorial policy as stated in the constitution.
Key Words: Media, Hate Speech, Election, Campaign and Nigeria.
A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE CONTRACTUAL CAPACITY OF INFANT UNDER THE COMMON AND ISLAMIC LAWS.
BARR. SAIDU. M. ALSO
Senior Lecturer, Federal Polytechnic, Damaturu, Yobe State.
Generally, any person with capacity can enter into a contract. However, this general position admits of some exceptions and as such, in some cases, it may not apply with equal strength; that is to say, some certain category of persons by law, are accorded ‘special protection’, who save for the law, may be exploited or defrauded during the bargaining process leading to the formation of a binding contract. This ‘protected person’s’ are infants, lunatics, illiterates and drunkards. Suffice it to say, that even where all the other essential ingredients necessary for the formation of a valid contract are present, an agreement may nonetheless be adjudged illegal, voidable or unenforceable where any of the parties belong in the category of persons that enjoy the ‘special status’. This paper focuses on juxtaposing the contractual capacity of infants under the common law vis-à-vis sharia law, illuminating on the salient features and similarities of the concept inherent in both systems.
Keywords: Comparative, Analysis, Contractual, Capacity, Infant, Common, Islamic Laws.
EFFECT OF POVERTY ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN MAIDUGURI METROPOLIS, BORNO STATE, NIGERIA
Fhi360, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.
This study examined the “effects of poverty on the academic performance of secondary school students in Maiduguri Metropolis, Borno State; with the objective of identifying the prevalence of poverty in the study area; determine the causes of poverty; examining the relationship between poverty and students academic performance and determining the effects of parental status on students’ academic performance. The study utilized primary and secondary data. Primary data was obtained through the use of questionnaires and personal interview. A sample of 100 respondents was selected for the population. The results of the findings revealed that “there is a significant relationship between social status of parents and the performance of their children in secondary schools. The study recommends that parents should minimize the birth rate of children based on their income so as to be able to cater for the educational needs of their children and again, parents should clearly monitor the educational pursuit of their children and try as much as possible to provide their educational needs.
Keywords: Effect, Poverty, Academic, Performance, Students, Secondary
THE HISTORY OF SOME RELOGIO-ECONOMIC CRISES IN NIGERIA
School of Arts and Social Sciences, A.D Rufa’i College of Education, Legal and General Studies, Misau, Bauchi State, Nigeria.
This concrete paper is going to be giving a brief incidence of the crisis that involves religion, ethnic, Tribal, political or social-cultural, violence, riots of Religious and other related Crises in Nigeria after independence. History is the body of record that generations rely on, It is a document that normally tells what had happen in the past, and also is a light that brings into current situation, It is also. Like Literature that help to understanding the contemporary conditions of today and tomorrow or current and the future situation.
Keywords: History, Relogio-Economic, Crises, Political, Social-cultural.
ASSESSMENT OF BOKO HARAM AND ITS IMPLICATION ON KAGA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, BORNO STATE, NIGERIA
Department of Public Administration, Ramat Polytechnic, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.
Boko Haram figuratively implies that western for non-Islamic education is a very controversial Nigeria militant group that seeks for the imposition of sharia law in the entire northern states of Nigeria. The hierarchical structure of the group is not presently well defined. The official name of the group id jama’atu Ahlis sunna lidda awati wal jihad, which in Arabic translate to people committed to the propagation of the prophet‘s teaching and jihad literally therefore the group means Association of sunn‘s for the propagation of Islamic and for Holy war (jihad) and Islamized northern states of Nigeria and probably conquer the entire country through jihad. So far, the group has been waging the war successfully in it area of stronghold. Boko Haram made its presence known in 2004, in Yobe states, and by 2011, it made its presence known to the global community by bombing the United Nations Headquarters in Abuja, especially in the last two years, it has willfully attacked hundreds of buildings and killing many innocent Nigerians. In spite of the calamity the group has caused the government seems not to know how to clip the group‘s wings. In this research work, therefore, effort will be made to philosophically and legally appraise the group activities and its implications on Nigerian National integration. We will look at the socio-economic implication of the group in Nigeria economic development also the drive of the Boko Haram insurgency in Nigeria and possible suggest solutions that will assist in curtailing their activities in Nigeria.
Keywords: Assessment, Boko Haram, Implication, Kaga LGA,
CAUSES OF JUVENILE DELINQUENCY AND WAY FORWARD IN MAIDUGURI, BORNO STATE, NIGERIA
*BABA GANA ALIMI; **BINTU KACHALLA GALADIMA; ***AHMED GARBA; *HASSAN SULEIMAN
*Department of Social Services, Ramat Polytechnic, Maiduguri **Department of Sociology and Anthropology, University of Maiduguri ***Department of General Studies, Taraba State College of Agriculture, Jalingo.
This paper examined the causes of juvenile delinquency in Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria. Juvenile delinquency has been an issue of major concern, receiving attention of all stakeholders at all level, including government, parents, community and other related concerns personality. Despite the efforts from different angles to minimize the challenges of anti-social behaviour of children below the aged of 18 years old proved abortive. In view of that series of studies were conducted by researchers to find lasting solution to the phenomena of delinquency in our society. This paper is central to the phenomena of juvenile delinquency. Qualitative random interview and focus group discussion (FGD) was conducted in some selected areas of Maiduguri, Borno State. Relevant empirical literatures, journals, articles and oral opinion was mingled together to form the study data. Fifty (50) respondents were used as a study samples. A statistical method of simple frequency distribution and percentages addition with chi-square was used to distinguish the respondents’ opinions. The findings of the study coincides with the study hypotheses that poor parental supervision, peer group, poverty, hunger, broken homes, or family separation amongst others are the key factors motivating the youths engaged in anti-social behaviour.
Keywords: Causes; Juvenile; Delinquency; Way; Forward
THE ROLE OF INTERNAL COMMUNICATION IN ACHIEVING ORGANIZATIONAL GOALS
NDIFE, CHINELO FRANCA (Ph.D)
Department of Business Administration, Federal Polytechnic Oko, Anambra State, Nigeria.
This research was a survey which elicited opinions of staff of selected manufacturing company in Anambra State, Nigeria. The simple random sampling method was used to obtain the sample units. The study selected at random 350 employees from 15 selected manufacturing companies in Anambra State. The convenience sampling method was applied in selecting the companies for ease in accessing them. The simple random sampling method was then used to obtain the sample units. The primary source of data which was sourced using questionnaire and divided into two sections was employed in the study. Questions on the effect influence of internal communication on crises management, customers satisfaction and employees productivity were asked. The Spearman’s rank correlation was used in testing the required hypotheses at 5% level of significance. The results of the hypotheses have been presented in previous section. The results revealed that there is a significant negative relationship between internal communication and crises management. The result also found a significant positive relationship between internal communication and customers’ satisfaction. It was also found that there is significant positive relationship between internal communication and employees’ productivity. The study therefore concludes that there is a significant relationship between internal communication and achievement of organizational goals. As internal communication improves, crises in the organization are better managed (reduced). Similarly, as internal communication improves, customers’ satisfaction increases and vise visa. This suggests that as communication improves, employees’ productivity increases also. This study recommends that better and effective communication strategies be put in place in organizations in order to achieve set goals in organizations. As effective and efficient communication helps transmit clear and understandable targets to the employees and other stakeholders in the organization. This leads to improved productivity and efficiency in the performance of task and achievement of set goals.
Keywords: communication, crises management, productivity, customer satisfaction
RELEVANCE OF PIDGIN AND CREOLES AS REGIONAL VARIATIONS OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN NIGERIA
ORORHO, MAUREEN E. N.
Federal College of Education (T), Asaba.
The major language problems in Nigeria are that of Language choice, Language maintenance and shift. (Yule 2009) Nigeria has a complex multilingual society with several different languages used within the private and public space. In planning an official indigenous language in Nigeria, government, legal and educational organizations will have to decide which variety or varieties of the languages spoken in the country are to be used for official businesses. In the selection process, the standard may be a variety that official had no native speakers in the country. (Jowitt 2009) For communication purposes, the indigenes of the Niger Delta had to learn the Portuguese based pidgin. Thus, the pidgin is accepted by many as a means of communication though English language remains the official language and the language of education. However, because different languages are used for different purposes, the need to keep up specific use of a particular language in one or more domains despite the regional variations might arise. Nigerian Pidgin may be considered Creole as creolization arises when a Pidgin develops beyond its role as a trade or contract language and becomes the first language of a social community and a useful means of communication. The paper recommends amongst others that; the Pidgin English should be developed and used as a second major language of communication in Nigeria.
Keywords: Relevance, Pidgin, Creoles, Regional, Variations.
NATURE OF STATUTES FOR COMPENSATION FOR OIL POLLUTION DAMAGE IN NIGERIA: APPLICATION OF MARXIAN THEORY OF DIALECTICAL MATERIALISM
ANIEKAN J. MENDIE
Department of Business Administration and Management, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi, Nigeria.
Oil production, development and exploitation are activities arguably sustained and regulated by statute laws in Nigeria. Huge proceed continually derived from oil production and exploitation now makes oil resources to be the mainstay of the country’s economy. Regrettably, the oil business alliance formed by the Nigerian state and the capitalist Multinational Oil Companies (MOCs) is aggressively after material profits. The demands by individuals and local oil communities in the oil bearing areas in Nigeria for compensation are not adequately addressed by the oil business alliance. Hence, there are grievances, conflicts and litigations associated with oil exploitation as a result of inadequate or non-payment of compensation for oil pollution damage. Conflicting economic interests, little or no payment of compensation for oil pollution arising between the oil business alliance and the oil bearing communities in Nigeria are perhaps, characteristics of the law regulating oil production and exploitation in the country. This paper therefore, looks at the nature of statutes for regulation of compensation for oil pollution damage in Nigeria, adopting the Marxian theory of dialectical materialism in its analysis. The paper uses doctrinal approach to analyze concepts, principles and rules from statutes and academic journals gathered to develop its thematic scheme. In findings, the paper states that oil pollution compensation laws split in statutes are pro-state and the capitalist Multinational Oil Companies’ interests; and not oil pollution victims focused. Thus, the paper recommends that specific and clear statute be made to address the demands for compensation for oil pollution damage in Nigeria.
Keywords: Nature, Statutes, Compensation, Oil Pollution, Nigeria, Dialectical Materialism.
LEADERSHIP CRISIS BETWEEN GOVERNOR GANDUJE AND FORMER EMIR OF KANO MUHAMMED SUNUSI LAMIDO II
*JIBRIN UBALE YAHAYA, PhD & **MUSA MOHAMMED BELLO, PhD
*Department of Political Science, National Open University of Nigeria (NOUN) **Institute of Governance and Development Studies, Nasarawa State University Keffi
Power is a key to conflict between groups or individuals many scholars in social science and humanities like Prof. Asobia a renown political scientist from University of Nigeria Nsuka is of the view that power scramble can easily break through societal stability as groups or individual seek who seek for power domination and relevance in the public affairs. The former Emir Muhammadu Sanusi II of Kano has been dethroned by Governor Ganduje, the removal brings to many as a past memory of similar removal of his Grandfather, Alhaji Sir Muhammadu Sanusi I, by the Premier of Northern Region, Sir Ahmadu Bello. History has repeated itself on Monday, March 9, 2020 when Governor Abdullahi Ganduje dethroned the emir of Kano, Muhammadu Sanusi II. Fifty-seven years ago, precisely 1963, the late Grandfather of Emir Sanusi, Alhaji Sir Muhammadu Sanusi, was also dethroned by the Premier of Northern Region and Sardauna of Sokoto, Sir Ahmadu Bello, according to the history, the late Sanusi and the premier were reportedly best of friends before things went bad in their relationship. However, in 1963, the friendship had collapsed as Bello’s government probed, dethroned and eventually banished the late Sanusi to Azare in 1963 where he later died. Though unlike his grandfather, Emir Sanusi II might not be Governor Ganduje’s close friend, the duo certainly did not start off as enemies. However, the crisis erupted between the two started in 2019 when the emir was accused of working against Ganduje’s re-election in 2019. Governor Ganduje after winning the second term developed an action that was interpreted as a calculated move to undermine the influence of the Kano emir. Apart from creating new emirates, the Kano State Governor also initiated a probe of the Kano Emirate Council under the leadership of Emir Sanusi II after several probes and failed reconciliation attempts, Governor Ganduje announced the removal of Sanusi as the Emir of Kano. Sanusi’s dethronement came after the state’s council executive meeting presided over by Ganduje. Confirming the development, Alhaji Usman Alhaji, Kano’s Secretary to the State Government (SSG) said that the monarch’s sack takes effect from Monday, 9th March 2020. Usman said that the emir’s action violated the part 3 section A-E of Kano state emirate law, 2019 and that his removal was a decision reached after a lot of consultation with all relevant stakeholders. Calling on Kano people to calm over the development, information on that particular day has confirm that Alhaji Aminu Ado Bayero, former emir of Bichi to be throne as Emir of Kano while Alhaji Nasiru Ado, Wanban Kano District head of Nasarawa was throne as Emir of Bichi. The paper was of the view that to maintain the reputation of Kano State traditional cultural values and heritage there is need for political elected officer to use political power for the purpose of development for the peoples not for attaining political interest and the traditional leaders must not take side on any controversial political issues rather than guiding political elected officer to deliver on their mandate on serving the needs of their peoples.
Keywords: Kano Emirate, Political Crisis, Traditional Leadership and Political Participations.
EXAMINATION OF THE EFFICACY OF LEGAL FRAMEWORK ON OIL PRODUCTION AND SUSTAINABLE ENVIRONMENTAL DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA
ERIC OMO ENAKIRERU
Delta State Polytechnic, School of General Studies, Department of Arts. Otefe-Oghara.
This article has taken a critical survey of national and international laws and /or legal framework as well as revealed the existence of some critical provisions governing best practices for sustainable environmental management in the sphere of petroleum resources and pollution, particularly in Nigeria. The legislative and institutional framework regulating Nigeria’s petroleum industry run through the whole gamut of subsisting laws contained in the Nigeria legal system including the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, some of the international and regional treaties in force in the country, part of the laws made by the government of federating states, the local government edicts, common laws and case laws. This article examined in comparative context by reviewing the oil production activities, governmental policies and measures put in place in developed economies like the United Kingdom, Canada and USA. The article further review the efficacy of legal and institutional framework operational in UK, Canada and critically compared same with the present Nigeria regimes on the production, exploration, and environmental impact of oil activities in Nigeria. The article concluded that the adoption of effective sustainable reforms will encourage responsible petroleum exploration and production activities in ways that positively influence economic development of oil-producing host communities and also preserve human and environmental health, sustainable environmental management, good environmental governance, effective environmental management and protection in the Nigeria.
Keywords: Environment, Oil Pollution, Exploration, Legal Framework and Sustainable Development
TOWARD THE ROLES OF CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANIZATIONS IN VOTER EDUCATION IN NIGERIA
MODU LAWAN GANA
Department of Public Administration, Mai Idris Alooma Polytechnic, Geidam, Yobe State.
Voter education is one of the cardinal principles of democratic politics and ensuring credible elections in any democratic society. The imperative of this cannot be underestimated in developing democracy like the Nigeria state. Since 1999, electoral processes in Nigeria were alleged to be full of irregularities ranges from violent electioneering campaigns, unwarranted voting behaviors of election rigging such as multiple voting, ballot snatching, vote-selling among others. These unruly behaviors are unarguably undermining the integrity of Nigeria’s electoral process. Although, numerous political-legal measures were put in place by the country’s electoral body the Independent National Electoral Commission’ through the introduction of the card reader machine, massive disposition of civil securities at voting points as well as series of amendments to the electoral acts by Nigeria’s’ National Assembly members. However, despite the concerted measures to checkmate the unruly behavior of the voters, the trend continuous unabatedly. This article thus proposed that addressing Nigeria’s electoral knots especially in respect to the voters’ behavior requires the participation of civil society groups for informal voter education. It argued that ignorance of the electoral laws and nonsensical attitude toward the electoral outcomes by the vast majority promote the continuous engagement in these deviant behaviors. The article thus recommends that to overcome the perennial challenges of the electoral process, the Nigerian government should engage civil society and community-based organizations to educate voters on the dangers of electoral fraud in the country.
Keywords: Civil Society; Voter Education; Electoral Process; INEC
PROPHET MUHAMMAD (SAW), A STATESMAN AND ADMINISTRATOR OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT.
*AUWAL GAMBO PALI; *ABUBAKAR GARBA UMAR; & **IBRAHIM SULAIMAN GALADIMA (Ph.D).
*School of Atrs and Social Sciences, A.D. Rufa’i College of Education Legal and General Studies, Misau, Bauchi State, Nigeria. **School of Undergraduate Studies, A.D. Rufa’i College of Education Legal and General Studies, Misau, Bauchi State, Nigeria.
Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) in Mekka was only a religious leader, but with migration to Medinah, he became not only a religious leader, but also a statesman who strategized a restored system of government for decent policies and sustainable development, economically, socially, morally, and educationally, with a strong security in the state. The study aims at viewing the historical approach of such extra ordinary progress accomplished within a short period of thirteen years. The method applies is library based, by reviewing some Islamic literatures of politics, political administration, and the prophetic biography, giving more thoughtfulness to internal policy of the prophet (S.A.W). The result of the research ascertains that the policy and statesmanship of the prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) is exemplary, perfect, ideal, model, as well as apparatus en route a sustainable development in which every epoch of life, notwithstanding of race, colour or land within a map of the globe, as is based on Allah`s law and fair play pattern.
Keywords: Administration, policies, sustainability, development, statesmanship.
MEDIA LANGUAGE AND SOCIO-POLITICAL CHANGE IN NIGERIA
*KABIRU IDRIS MUHAMMAD; AND **FATIMA ABUBAKAR
*Department of Mass Communication, School of General Studies, Kano State Polytechnic, Kano State, Nigeria. **Department of Arts Humanities, School of General Studies, Kano State Polytechnic, Kano State, Nigeria.
Our nation has actually witnessed dynamism ranging from pre to post-independence. One of the main areas that were affected is the media. The media has made an impact on the political arena and social issues in Nigeria viewing the pre and post-independence setting, the changes are absolutely clear because the media never rests and so changes will continue to appear. This paper is aimed at pin-pointing the social changes brought about by the media which has to do with the cultural aspect of our nation. The media also made an impact on the political structure especially now with democracy people have come to realise the rights given to them by the constitution on the right of freedom of expression in section 39 of the Nigerian 1999 constitution. Social media is transforming political engagement in Africa and Nigeria, allowing people across the continent to share ideas, organise and participate in politics like never before. Social media enables individuals to share knowledge, experiences, opinions and ideas among each other. With regard to the political sector, social media can be an enabler for participation and democracy among citizens. Mass media is one of the engines that propel social development for its continuity and realization through informing, entertaining and persuading. Mass media is a powerful tool for social change in any society as being the easiest way by which people have access to both radio and television stations where programmes of socio-cultural propagation are displayed. Therefore ,media language works to convey meaning through signs and symbols suggested by the way a scene is set up and filmed.
Keyboards: Media language, political change, social media and change
LOCAL GOVERNMENT AUTONOMY: CHALLENGES AND PROSPECTS FOR SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA
*YUNUSA SABO MOHAMMED; *USMAN MOHAMMED; **JAMIYAL NATHAN DAUDA; **YARI ZUWAIRA; & ***MOHAMMED BAKOJI
*Department of Public Administration, Gombe State Polytechnic, Bajoga. **Department of General Studies, Gombe State Polytechnic, Bajoga. ***Department of Accounting, Gombe State Polytechnic, Bajoga.
Local government autonomy and its significance to the harnessing of resources towards the development of the state cannot be over emphasized. This is because the rural areas have a lot of resources compared to urban cities. It is believed that if local governments are allowed to flourish on their own, there will be judicious exploitation of the available resources for good. The cardinal drawing force of this study is to examine local government autonomy and its challenges and prospects for resource development in Nigeria. The paper views local government as that government which is saddled with the core responsibility of engendering transformational changes in the rural areas of Nigeria. Although the local government is left behind as a result of unwarranted interference by other tiers of government on its functioning or activities, thus, the need for local government autonomy for its efficient as well as effective operation. The paper adopted principally a descriptive method of analysis of the general need for local government autonomy resource development in Nigeria. This is quite necessary due to the increasing emphasis of rural development of communities and transformation. The findings of the study reveals that economic, political as well as administrative autonomy of the local government areas is desired to empower the local governments succeed in their goal for effective and sustainable transformation of rural areas in Nigeria. Thus, the paper recommended that government should grant all the local governments in Nigeria full autonomy to bring about the much desired resource development of rural areas in Nigeria.
Keywords: Local Government, Autonomy, Challenges, Prospects, Socio-Economic Development
RAPE: A PSYCHOLOGICAL THEFT OF DREAM (THE EXAMPLE OF BOLANLE IN LOLA SHONEYIN’S THE SECRET LIVES OF BABA SEGI’S WIVES)
BEATRICE MORENIKE AFOLABI; & OMOTOLANI SADIA OYIN-ADEJOBI
General Studies Department, the Polytechnic, Ibadan
Violence against women in form of rape has been widely discussed and condemned in different fora because rape as an emotionally scarring event cannot be over-emphasized. However, in Nigeria, cases of men raping women are still so rampant and it is worrisome. It is worrisome because the act signifies a symbolic infringement on the rights and psychological state of the victim who sometimes has her life negatively, remodeled, her dreams battered, shattered and stolen sometimes and has to live with these emotional scars for years after the evil act. Therefore, this paper examines rape as a psychological theft of dream as stereotypically characterized in Bolanle in Lola Shoneyin’s The secret lives of Baba Segi’s wives. The paper discovers that rape victims are susceptible to disorientation, depression, hopelessness, loss of focus; identity; interest in activities ones loved and suicidal thoughts amongst others. The paper concludes that rape as a dastardly act negatively impacts the psychology of the rape victims much more than the physical abuse. The paper then recommends among all others that conscious and massive awareness on the prevention of the evil act be created at all levels of governance particularly at home among family members. Also recommended is the implementation of effective penalties on the rapist to serve as a deterrent to others and proper reorientation of victims from derailing psychologically as a derailed psychology could lead to a derailed destiny.
Keywords; Violence, rape, psychological, theft, dream
LE CHOIX STUPIDE DANS UN FESTIVAL DE FOLIE DE SANDRA NANJI
AKANDE OLUBUKOLA ABOSEDE
Département de Français, École des Langues, Emmanuel Alayande Collège d’Éducation, Oyo.
Ce travail a examiné dans Un Festival de Folie de Sandra Nnaji, les choix stupides en milieu nigérians d’aujourd’hui. L’idée philosophique qui a contribué à l’immoralité dans la société. Nous avons employé la théorie morale-philosophique de Samuel Johnson. Il a utilisé la méthodologie de l’analyse textuelle. Cette recherche a pu trouvé que tout le monde fait le choix, l’intention de le faire n’est pas ouverte à l’autre côté, c’est interne. Enfin, tout le monde est le témoin des conséquences.
This work examined in Sandra Nnaji’s Un Festival de Folie, the stupid choices nowadays in Nigeria. The philosophical idea that contributed to immorality in society. Samuel Jonson’s theory of Moral-Philosophical was used and the methodology was textual analysis. This research work found that everybody makes choice, the intention of doing so is hidden to others. At the end everyone is the witness of the consequences.
Mots Clés: le Choix, le Choix stupide, Un Festival de Folie, l’ Exploitation et l’Amour fou.