SUB-SAHARA AFRICAN JOURNAL OF HUMAN, SOCIAL & POLITICAL SCIENCE RESEARCH
VOL. 28 NO. 6 JUNE, 2023.
SUB-SAHARA AFRICAN ACADEMIC PUBLICATIONS,
Centre for African Development Studies, P. O. Box 10108, U. I. Post Office. Ibadan Oyo State, Nigeria.
PSYCHOSOCIAL SKILLS AND MARITAL SATISFACTION AMONG SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHERS IN AHOADA WEST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF RIVERS STATE: COUNSELLING PERSPECTIVE
MACLEAN, ONISOYA PhD; & BRIGHT-GEORGE, JOY WANWURI PhD
Department of Educational Foundations, Rivers State University, PMB 5080, Port Harcourt, Rivers State
This study examined psychosocial skills and marital satisfaction among teachers in Ahoada West Local Government Area of Rivers State. Correlational research design was adopted for the study. Three research questions and three hypotheses guided the study. The population of the study consisted of all the married senior secondary school teachers in Ahoada West local government areas of Rivers State. The population estimated at 262. The sample consisted of 200 public secondary school teachers using the simple random sampling technique. Two instruments for data collection for the study was developed titled “Teachers’ Psychosocial Skills Inventory” (TPSI) and “Teachers’ Marital Satisfaction Inventory” (TMSI)”. The instruments were validated and tested for reliability, with reliability indices of TPSI (r=0.70) and TMSI (r=0.74) determined through test-retest. Pearson Product Moment Correlation was used to answer all the research questions and also used to test all the hypotheses at the 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study showed that; there was significant strong positive relationship between effective communication and marital satisfaction, there was a strong significant relationship between social intelligence and marital satisfaction and there was a strong significant relationship between self-assertiveness and marital satisfaction among senior secondary school teachers in Ahoada West Local Government Area of Rivers State. Based on these findings, the researcher made some recommendations such as; couples should maintain an effective communication lifestyle to create room for openness and mutual understanding and trust, partners should demonstrate self-assertiveness in such a way that will promote love and marital satisfaction.
Keywords: Psychosocial Skills, Marital Satisfaction, Social Intelligence, Self-Assertiveness
ETHICAL EVALUATION OF INSECURITY CHALLENGES AND SECULARISM IN NIGERIA
UTSUA, T. PETER PhD; ISHAYA OYIWOSEI OWUSAKYO PhD; & DAUDA SALIHU BABA
Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies, Nasarawa State University Keffi Nigeria
This paper attempts to develop a framework for the interface between secularism and insecurity. It seeks to define the role of a “secular” state in the promotion of security. The paper identifies four interpretations of the meaning of “secular” and identifies ethical issues that tern to hamper the actualization of secularism in the Nigerian state. The paper identifies some high profile conflicts between religion and the secular state. Taken into account the activities carried out by the various religious groups are delicate for secularism, the paper calls for serious evaluation of the content and scope of religious autonomy and provides the rationale for the protection of religious rights and inclusion of religious adherents in Nigerian society.
Keywords: Ethical, Evaluation, Insecurity, Challenges, Secularism,
IMPACT OF ECOWAS CONVENTION ON THE PROLIFERATION OF SMALL ARMS AND LIGHT WEAPONS AND NIGERIA’S SECURITY
JEMLAK MICHAEL MASHAL; PROF. ABDULLAHI NUHU LIMAN; & DR. MRS LUKA LUTH CALEB
Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
The challenge of security threats in Nigeria has continued to threaten the corporate existence of the country given the huge number of people that have died through the misuse of small arms and light weapons contrary to the provisions of ECOWAS Convention on the proliferation of Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALWs). The aim of this paper is to examine the ECOWAS Convention on the proliferation of SALWs with a view to identifying its nexus with the rise in security threats in Nigeria. The paper was anchored on the human needs theory in order to understand the central place of ECOWAS Convention on the proliferation of SALWs in meeting the unmet security needs of Nigerians. Data for the paper were collected from questionnaire administered to a sample of 227 respondents and in-depth interview involving 5 respondents tentatively selected from the sampling units through purposive sampling. Data were also collected from secondary sources. Data from questionnaire were analyzed using simple percentages and frequency tables, while data from in-depth interview were analyzed using narrative analytical method. On the other hand, data from secondary source were analyzed using historical method. Findings showed that the nature of the ECOWAS Convention in Nigeria is not in line with the provisions of the Convention as Nigeria operates under a Presidential Committee, PRESCOM, and not a National Commission as specified by the Convention in chapter V1 article 24 and this with all its attendant limitations even though it collaborates with ECOWAS in this regard as the focal institution for the implementation of the Convention and ECOWAS recognizes it as such. Also, findings showed that the impact is minimal, this is as a result of global insecurity and the political instability in some countries such as Libya and others which fuels terrorism in the Sahel as arms and weapons are smuggled into Nigeria through illegal routes. Among other things, it was recommended that the process of combating proliferation of SALWs should be community driven, the structure should not be only top-down approach but also bottom-up approach
Keywords: Convention, Proliferation, Small Arms, Light Weapons, and Security
ANTI-CORRUPTION STRATEGIES AND THE CHALLENGES OF DEEPENING DEMOCRATIC GOVERNANCE IN NIGERIA: AN ASSESSMENT OF CODE OF CONDUCT BUREAU (CCB)
BROWNE, VICTORIA AINA
Department of Political Science and Public Administration, Igbinedion University Okada, Edo State, Nigeria.
This paper examined the anti-corruption strategies in Nigeria and the challenges faced in deepening democratic governance, with a particular focus on the role of the Code of Conduct Bureau (CCB). The CCB plays a crucial role in promoting transparency, accountability, and ethical conduct among public officials. However, it faces various challenges that hinder its effectiveness. The paper was guided by institutional approach which based its interpretations of efficiency of governmental on the qualities of its salient institutions. The paper utilized both historical and descriptive methods; thus, the research design adopted is historical analysis where data was collected through secondary sources using relevant published documents and content analysis was used as research strategy for examining documents and communication artifacts in the discussion of the subject matter. It was found that the Code of Conduct Bureau (CCB) has, despite being an organisation with significant statutory duties towards the country’s anti-corruption efforts as stipulated in both the Constitution and the Bureau’s Act, appeared to have performed far below average in terms of its institutional efficiency in tackling corruption among the public office holders. Meanwhile, the paper associated the shortfalls in public expectation from the CCB to identifiable challenges, one of which is conflict of mandate between the CCB and other anti-graft agencies as well as political meddling in the affairs of the Bureau. As result, the paper recommended among other things, the need to strengthen inter-agency collaboration or create synergy among institutions responsible for combating corruption together with the Code of Conduct Bureau, such as the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) and the Independent Corrupt Practices and Other Related Offenses Commission (ICPC). These institutions need adequate funding, technical capacity, and independence to carry out their functions effectively.
Keywords: Code of Conduct Bureau, Corruption, Democracy, Democratic Governance, Public Service
PRINCIPALS’ SUPERVISORY ROLE PERFORMANCE AND TEACHERS’ COMPETENCY IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN ABUJA, NIGERIA
*AHMAD SHUAIBU ABDULLAH (Ph.D.); **IYALA FELIX EMEKA (Ph.D.); ***ABUYA JOSEPHINE; & ***DAWOOD AMDALAT TEMITOPE
*Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education, Federal University, Dutsin-Ma, Katsina State. **Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education, Veritas University, Abuja. ***Department of Educational Management, Faculty of Education, Nasarawa State University, Keffi
The study assessed the principals’ supervisory roles performance and teachers’ competency in junior secondary schools in Abuja. It was guided by two research questions with corresponding hypotheses. The research design used for this study was cross-sectional survey research design. The total population of the study consisted of 5358 principals and teachers .The sample size of the study was made up of 548 respondents. The instrument used for data collection was validated and it produced 0.75 as validity index. The instrument yielded 0.78 as the reliability index. Descriptive statistics of mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions while Pearson’s product moment correlation was employed to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study indicated that there is a significant relationship between regular classroom observation and teachers’ competency in junior secondary schools in Abuja and there is a significant relationship between principals’ regular checking of lesson plans and teachers’ competency in junior secondary schools in Abuja. One of the recommendations of the study was that to improve the competency of teachers, principals should be trained to frequently visit teachers during lesson delivery in their various classes to identify the teaching weaknesses of teachers and develop techniques for helping them to become competent teachers.
Keywords: Supervisory Role Performance, Teachers’ Competency, Classroom Observation and Regular Checking of Lesson Plans
THE CREATIVE PERSONALITY: DISCOVERING AND DEVELOPING CREATIVITY AMONG TEENAGERS
1TUGBOKOROWEI, Peter Tuboulayefa; 2OKONIGBO, Ulo Emmanuel; ORHU, Augustine
1 & 2 Department of General Studies, Delta State School of Marine Technology, Burutu 3Department of Civil Engineering Technology, Delta State School of Marine Technology, Burutu
Over the years, the Nigerian state has placed so much emphasis on educational certification more than harnessing the available opportunities in creativity and how it can be used in job creation, socioeconomic development and growth of the nation. This study focuses on creativity as it relates to an individual’s as well as society’s sustainable growth. It deals exclusively on how an individual can identify his talent, development and improve on it. Some vital points were spotted out on how creative talents can be identified and be developed in the society. The study also looks at the characteristics of the creative persons and its effects on societal development and growth.
Keywords: Creativity, Teenagers, Talents, Creative persons, Intelligence
APPLICATION OF THE CRIME PATTERN THEORY TO NIGERIA’S (IN) SECURITY CHALLENGES
*MOHAMMED SAGIR BUNUNU; & **MUSA YAKUBU
*Dept. of Crime Management, Federal Polytechnic Kaltungo, Gombe State. **Dept. of Crime Management, Abubakar Tatari Ali Polytechnic Bauchi, Bauchi State.
Nigeria is currently one of the most insecure countries in the world. Security is deteriorating day by day, and the government, which oversees securing people and property appears to be struggling. The recent horrors of banditry, kidnapping, armed robbery, farmer-pastoralist clashes, and ritual killings have placed yet another layer on Nigeria’s horrific state of insecurity, evoking images of Hobbes’ state of nature, where life is brief, hard, and brutish. Since gaining its independence, Nigeria has been contending with crises that include military coups, intra and inter-tribal fighting, and ethnic agitations. These historical elements are constant and essential variables in Nigerian society today. The country’s position in the world has been solidified by the Boko Haram insurgency in the North-East, the armed bandits and kidnapping for ransom in the North-West, the Farmers and Herders clashes in the North-Central, collaboration for rituals in the South-West, kidnapping for ransom and political killings in the South-East and South-South, the threat of the Niger-Delta militancy in the South-South, etc. This paper seeks to analyse Nigeria’s security challenges and how they adversely affect the socioeconomic and politico-technological development of the nation within the framework of crime pattern theory. Finally, note that Nigeria’s security situation is profoundly depressing and urge coordinated efforts toward proactive policing to reverse the ugly trend.
Keywords: Application, Challenges, Nigeria’s Insecurity, Security, Theory.
POSSIBLE WAYS OF CURBING INSECURITY AND ENHANCING WORKERS PERFORMANCE IN NIGERIA: AN APPRAISAL
VEN EGEZI JONATHAN CHIDOMERE; ANEKE GERALDINE CHINWE; & EKECHI CHRISTIAN A. O
Imo state Polytechnic, Omuma, Oru East
Insecurity have been defined by scholars from various perspective and angles. For our purpose here we take it as a situation where there is no security of lives and property. That is to say that the government whose primary responsibility it is to secure and protect the people is found wanting in this responsibility, leaving the people with no option than protecting themselves. The fact remains that a worker’s environment go a long way in affecting his performance positively or negatively. What we are trying to say is the fact that a worker will definitely find it difficult to give in or perform optimally when his environment is not secured or conducive. Therefore, it must be said that the work environment in Nigeria is nothing to write home about. Lives are lost with reckless abandon. Most times, workers refuse to report to their work places because of high level insecurity because no one will like to work in an atmosphere characterized of insecurity as people die while serving their father land with little or no compensation. This form the reason or basis for this study. Series of data collection techniques were used in gathering data for analysis and this included oral interviews, questionnaire, periodicals, and the internet. The structural-functional theory was adopted for this study, thereafter, conclusion was drawn.
Keywords: Possible, Curbing, Insecurity, Enhancing, workers, Performance, Nigeria
THE PRAGMATIC IMPORT OF INTONATION OF QUESTIONS AND FORCE IN NIGERIAN HOME MOVIES
*ELIZABETH ABIADE AGBOOLA; & **BOLANLE SOGUNRO
*Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo. **Ajayi Crowther University, Oyo
Questions have different functions according to context; it takes pragmatic experience to interpret them appropriately. Also, intonation contrasts play a critical role in conveying pragmatic meaning. Many scholars have worked on pragmatics of questions and prosody separately, but this study married the two by investigating the pragmatic import of intonation of questions and force in Nigerian home movies. Five Nigerian home movies were randomly selected from two cultural areas where major movies are produced in Nigeria. Three out of the movies exhibit the Igbo culture and the other two movies exhibit the Yoruba culture. The movies were: Abattoir Season 2 Episode2 by Damilola Mike-Bamiloye, Abattoir Season 2 Episode 3 by Damilola Mike-Bamiloye, Cravings by Uchenna Mbunabo, The Poor Beautiful Village Girl by Chika Lann, and A Call From The Past by Mary Jane Nkem. Relevant data were extracted and transcribed from 10 hours 30 minutes streams of conversations. Mey’s Pragmatic Acts theory and Couper-Kuhlen’s Interactional Prosody theory are adopted for the analysis of the data collected. The study discovers that a question can have more than one import depending on the context and situation. The results show that intonation changes the interpretation of an utterance by virtue of its structure into another interpretation which the speaker actually intends to convey. The pragmatic force of intonations of questions on the addressee results to actions like; apology, leaving the scene, stepping back and offering of chair/seat to visitor(s).
Keywords: pragmatics, tonality, import of intonation, prosody, question.
ASSESSMENT OF THE RELEVANCE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY IN TEACHING AND LEARNING OF GEOGRAPHY IN SOBA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF KADUNA STATE
*SADA SHU’AIBU; & **DANASABE HUDU
*Department Geography Kaduna State College of Education Gidan Waya, Kafanchan, Kaduna State. **Department of Social Science and Humanities, Kaduna State College of Education Gidan Waya, Kafanchan, Kaduna State
This paper assesed the relevance of information and communication technology in the teaching and learning of geography in Soba Local Government Area of Kaduna State. It involves (80) students drawn as respondents from the four (4) randomly selected secondary schools in the study area. Questionnaire was used to collect the responses from the respondents. (37%) of the respondents strongly agreed that ICT helps a lot in the effective teaching and learning Geography. (38%) of the respondent strongly agreed that ICT arouses learners’ interest when effectively utilised by the teacher. (40%) of the respondents strongly disagreed that learners became passive when using ICT gadgets by the teacher. While (38.75%) and agreed that learning becomes faster when ICT facilities are used. (50%) of the respondents strongly disagreed that there is adequate provision of ICT facilities in their schools. It was recommended that teachers should effectively use ICT facilities for easier lesson delivery. Government, NGOs, parents and individuals have been encouraged to provide ICT facilities in schools.
Keywords: Relevance, Information and communication technology, learning,