SUB-SAHARA AFRICAN JOURNAL OF HUMAN, SOCIAL AND POLITICAL SCIENCE RESEARCH (SJHSPR)
VOL. 24 (6) JUNE, 2022 ISSN: 2416-7999
Sub-Sahara African Academic Research Publications,
Centre for African Development Studies, University of Ibadan,
P. O. Box 10108, U. I. Post Office. Ibadan Oyo State, Nigeria, West-Africa.
THE INTRINSIC IMPACT OF NIGERIAN POST-COLONIAL NATIONALISM ON NATIONAL IDENTITY
OPEYEMI OYEFESO; & DR. ADEMOLA TAIWO
Department of Political Science and Public Administration, Veronica Adeleke School of Social Sciences, Babcock University, Ilishan-Remo, Ogun State.
Nigeria has experienced a myriad of issues internally born out of differences in values, religion and ethnicity. Its nationalism was founded on the idea that people of various ethnic identities living in the British colony of Nigeria should come together as one to combat colonialism. However, post-colonial nationalism in Nigeria has been negatively affected by multiple historical episodes of ethnic violence because of the lack of a common identity and the repression of certain ethnic groups by the Nigerian government. This paper examined post-colonial nationalism’s effect on national identity in Nigeria. This study adopted a qualitative methodology, the research design adopted for this study was the historical research design, data was generated in this paper using secondary sources. The findings of this study revealed that the Nigerian identity is multicultural in nature as Nigerians tend to identify with their various ethnic groups first, before identifying as Nigerians, the issues on ethnic politics, religious intolerance, tribal conflicts and ethnic militias have in the recent time, threatened the survival and continuity of Nigeria as a nation.
Keywords: Colonialism, Conflict, Ethnic, Identity, Nationalism.
NATIONAL SOCIAL INVESTMENT PROGRAMME (NSIP) AND SUSTAINABLE REDUCTION OF POVERTY IN NIGERIA, 2016-2021
JACHO D. SUNDAY Ph.D
Department of Political Science, Faculty of Social Science, Nasarawa State University, Keffi
The desire to reduce consistent and phenomenal rise in kidnapping, banditry, armed robbery, cybercrime as well as inter-religious cum communal conflicts et cetera which are believed to have been caused by increasing hunger, poverty, unemployment and so on gave birth to the introduction of National Social Investment Programme (NSIP) in Nigeria in 2016. Several years thereafter, the ideals that brought it into existence do not seem to have been achieved, going by available records. This paper therefore assesses the extent to which the various suites (components) of NSIP have impacted on various dimensions of poverty in the country from 2016-2021. The investigation was guided by capability theory and data thereto generated from secondary sources. Findings reveal quite clearly that poverty and other associated challenges rose exponentially and sustainably during the period under review. It was equally found out that corruption among officials thereof undid NSIP greatly. Moreover, growing poverty across the country fuelled the spectre of political apathy thereby undermining one of NSIP’s mandate of promoting political participation in the affairs of Nigeria. To reverse the challenges of NSIP and place the country on the path of sustainable poverty reduction, it is hereby suggested thus: Civil Society Organizations and other stakeholders should step up their activities to ensure aggressive mobilization of Nigerians, especially the poor to participate actively in socio-political affairs of the country thereby promoting accountability and transparency in governance. Banning of Nigerians found to be corrupt from holding any public office for life will go a long way in also promoting good governance in the country and thus reduce poverty sustainably.
Keywords: Social, Investment, Programme, Sustainable, Reduction, poverty.
WHAT ROLE HAVE THE AFRICAN STATES PLAYED IN THE EXPLORATION, EXPLOITATION AND UTILISATION OF THE RANGE OF MINERAL RESOURCES OF WHAT IMPACTS AND WITH WHAT CONSEQUENCES
Al-Qalam University, Katsina, Katsina State
It is pertinent to recall that most Sub-Saharan African states are blessed with tremendous human and natural resources. Sadly, it is not accidental but deliberate in letting the embattled continent in development limbo. Failure to decisively transform its resources in a properly utilitarian manner by the successive African state leaderships respectively to actualise African development trajectory agenda; resources regimes in Sub-Saharan Africa is arguably based on two-fold dilemma of the extant global interdependence anchored in lopsided trade relationships between the global oil consumers and the so called rentier states. With the latter’s obsolete technology, poor leadership, lack of capital and hostile policies and corruption contribute adversely to handicap and dwarf adequate and independent resources exploration and exploitation to satisfactorily meet human and industrial uses. However, no decisive attempts have been put in place to prioritise and institute common front to reform and restructure the ensuing trade relationships between or amongst the so called world biggest oil consumers and the rentier oil and gas producing states It is necessary for nations to engage in terms of multilateral relations but it is not sufficient condition for trade imbalances between partners as it has nearly become organic and mechanically compacted for world states to relate. Hence, African economy suffers deprivation and impoverishment while the partners’ economy prospers and turns around within the context of terms of trade and in the conduct of other interstates affairs.
Keywords: Sub-Saharan Africa, Resources, Exploitation, Utilisation, Interdependence
LEGAL FRAMEWORK AND GENETIC COMMERCIAL SURROGACY IN NIGERIA
*ONOVAE ONOME BECKY; & **EYITAYO F. ADEWUMI
*Babcock University (Political Science and Public Administration). **Babcock University (Political Science and Public Administration)
The concept of commercial surrogacy spikes a human right discourse in diverse ways, especially when the surrogates are minors and are deceived or coerced into such arrangements, like is seen in Nigeria. The human rights perspective of commercial surrogacy as it affects adult surrogates is a grossly researched phenomenon, unlike from the perspective of children as surrogates. Due to the unregularized nature of commercial surrogacy in Nigeria, it is possible for unqualified persons to supposedly open and run fertility clinics and provide surrogacy aid and consultancy, and such underqualified clinics is what operates as what the media has termed “ baby factories”. Reports and research has shown that most of the victims rescued from baby factories are teenage girls, in other words, they are also children. Thus, the principal objective of this study is the highlight and discussion of various human rights on the part of the child, that can be violated through the unlegislated practice of genetic commercial surrogacy in Nigeria. The study adopted a qualitative methodology, and a phenomenological research design which aims at studying the lived experiences of a group of people, and the researcher conducted structured interviews with representatives of three child rights-based NGOs in Lagos State, Nigeria, which were selected using the purposive sampling technique. The study found that genetic commercial surrogacy is practiced without any standard regulation and legislation in Nigeria, and the absence of this legal framework created a loophole for the violation of the rights of children who have been coerced into such unethical arrangements. The study concluded that to curb the violations of child rights, the practice of genetic commercial surrogacy requires legislation and monitoring agency which would ensure that proper guidelines are implemented.
Key Words; Surrogacy, Child Rights, Infertility, Nigeria
NIGERIA-INDIA BILATERAL TRADE RELATIONS AND ITS IMPLICATIONS FOR ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA
*OKEREKE, EMMANUEL UGOCHUKWU; & **OKOLI, RICHARD UGOCHUKWU
*Department of Political Science, Nasarawa State University, Keffi. **Department of Public Administration, Federal Polytechnic, Oko, Anambra State.
Though the volume of trade between Nigeria and India has continued to increase, little is known about the value of trade between them, which shows deficiency in the analysis of Nigeria-India bilateral relations and economic development in Nigeria. The purpose of this paper was to examine the implications for Nigeria-India bilateral trade relations on economic development of Nigeria. The paper was built around the world system theory by Immanuel Wallenstein to show how the newly industralising countries can contribute to the development or underdevelopment of the “periphery”. Data for the study were collected from secondary source and analysed using content analysis. Findings showed, among other things, that though Nigeria benefitted from her trade relations with India, the value of imports, exports, and investment relations between the two countries is skewed in favour of India, a country in the “semi-periphery”. Among other things, it was recommended that the economy of Nigeria should be restructured to enable the country produce refined products for export to India and other countries with a view to improving on their value of imports, exports, and investments relations.
Keywords: Trade, Bilateral Trade, Economy, Development, Economic Development
YOUTH ONLINE POLITICAL PARTICIPATION AND DEMOCRATIC DEVELOPMENT IN GHANA AND NIGERIA
OKONKWOR UGOCHUKWU STEPHINE; & NGOZI NWOGWUGWU, PhD
Department of Political Science and Public Administration, Babcock University, Ilishan-Remo, Ogun State, Nigeria
Online political participation is an element of civic engagement which makes sites such as Facebook and Twitter emerge as new channels for political activity. Concerns about decreased youth engagement have prompted more research in this area. Unfortunately, similar studies have produced contradictory results, possibly as a result of a lack of understanding and theorization of the concept of young online political involvement. As a result, the article will be based on the Cognitive Engagement Theory (CET). The study claims that social media, information quality, and political interests have the potential to encourage African youths to engage in online political involvement. Also, by providing the youths with a way to obtain the political knowledge they need to make an informed political decision through dialogues on various social media platforms, they would be able to bring about new political reforms. As a result, in order to examine the notion of youth political involvement and democratic progress in Ghana and Nigeria, the article used quantitative research approaches. The findings show that the media’s quality of information and exposure has an impact on youth political knowledge and interest, which has an impact on participation. Youth online political involvement is crucial for democratic development, and it is through social media that concerns are expressed.
Keywords: Political Participation, Youth, Democratic Development, Nigeria, Ghana
MULTILATERAL DIPLOMACY AND THE MANAGEMENT OF NIGERIA’S INTERNAL AFFAIRS SECURITY UNDER MUHAMMADU BUHARI’S ADMINISTRATION
BOYE, OKE; & AYOMOLA OLURANTI O. (Ph.D)
*Department of Political Science and Public Administration, Babcock University, Ilishan-Remo,Ogun State. Nigeria.
From time, multilateral diplomacy has necessitated the physical presence of representatives of the different state or non-state actors involved. However, with the evolution of technological advancements; especially in light of the recent Covid-19 global pandemic situation, these actors have adopted a virtual multilateral diplomatic system, which has proven effective to varying degrees. In Nigeria, the government of President Muhammadu Buhari has been kept on its toes in the aspect of multilateral diplomacy as it has, on several occasions, represented the country’s interest in international summits and multilateral interactions, while spearheading a number of diplomatic efforts in the continent of Africa. Despite this, President Muhammadu Buhari’s administration has received harsh criticism from people’s representatives, worldwide audiences, and knowledgeable citizens alike for some of her actions, inactions, and decisions over the last six years. This study seeks to examine the dynamic nature and impact of multilateral diplomacy, and the management of Nigeria’s Internal Affairs and Public Security since the emergence of Muhammadu Buhari as the President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. The study employs both analytical and critical analysis as its methodology, with Nigeria as the centrepiece. Relevant trusted sources will be consulted to validate the arguments and ultimately balance the scale of objectivity.
Keywords: Multilateral diplomacy, Security, Internal Affairs
CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY COMMUNICATION: A TOOL FOR PRACTISING MANAGERS IN THE HOSPITALITY SECTOR OF NIGERIA TOURISM INDUSTRY
DUPE MEDINAT JIMOH; & UMMA MOHAMMED EL-RUFAI
Department of Hospitality Management Technology, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna State, Nigeria.
The overall aim of this research was to identify and examine the practices and communication of social responsibility initiatives among practice managers in Nigeria’s Tourism Industry, primarily the accommodation sector. The main objectives of the research were to investigate the Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) practices of a company and the nature of the communication of theory commitment to CSR to industry stake holders (management/owners, employees, suppliers, customers and the host community). CRS was also defined as a strategic approach of incorporating social concerns into business operations and relations with stakeholders.
Keywords: Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), Nigeria Accommodation Sector, CSR Communication.
LANGUAGE AND DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA ENGLISH AND FRENCH IN FOCUS
OHABUIKE PRISCA EKWUTOSI; & DR. DIBIE GODFREY ATUNU
Department of General Studies, Ukari Polytechnic, Taraba State.
The place of international languages like English and French in the quest for the technological advancement of any developing nation like Nigeria cannot be overstated. It is an undisputable fact that without language, life itself will not have much to offer humanity. It is in the light of the above that the writers of this paper intend to discuss the place of English and French Languages in a very fast growing economy like Nigeria. A good knowledge of English and French languages will definitely be a good asset for any developing nation like Nigeria, this is borne out of the fact the two are the languages of science and technology and intended globalization and the study and effective use of these languages will surely launch Nigeria into a world power in the near future, in line with the current Millennium Development Goals of the United Nations.
EFFECTIVE SENSITIZATION OF NIGERIAN POPULACE TOWARDS ACHIEVING CREDIBLE ELECTIONS IN 2023 GENERAL ELECTIONS: AN APPRAISAL
*VEN EGESI JONATHAN.C; **VEN SIMEON DURUJI (Ph.D); & ***DR (MRS ) NWEBO EZECHUKWUNYERE IJEOMA.
*Imo State Polytechnic, Umuagwo-Ohaji, P.M.B 1472 Owerri-Nigeria. **Alvan Ikoku Federal College of Education, Owerri. ***Department of Educational Foundation And Administration (A.I.F.C.E) Owerri.
There is no reasonable person no matter where who will dispute the fact that Nigeria’s problem is practically and basically bad governance. This is brought about by bad leaders. It has been discovered over time that since the past few years Nigeria’s problem has worsened and seem to have gone out of hand. To say the least, the high level insecurity and attendant high cost of food stuff has been like the last nail on the coffin. All these boil down to the fact that Nigerians in the last general elections if not the two consecutive ones made wrong choices which has told back on them. The elections were simply marred by catastrophic campaigns, money politicking among others. On the other hand, the people seemed in the dark over the credibility of the candidates who contested for various positions. The various media platforms did not use their positions to intimate the people or masses on the abilities and credentials of the contestants at various levels. The need for adequate sensitization of the people is hereby emphasized. Various data collection techniques as the interviews, journals, textbooks and the internet. A sociological theory was adopted as theoretical framework for this work, thereafter, conclusion was made.
KEYWORDS: Effective sensitization, Nigeria, populace, Credible Election.
THE IMPORTANCE OF GOOD ETHICS AND MORALITY IN ISLAM; A QUR’ANIC PERSPECTIVE (A case study of Surat al-Hujurat: Chapter 39 of the Glorious Qur’an)
*ABDURRAHMAN DAHIRU BELLO; **SHAFA’ATU HARUNA; & **AISHATU SHUAIBU
*School of Arts and Social Scciencess, A.D.R College of Education, Legal and General Studies, Misau, Bauchi State. **School of Remedial and Continuing Education, A.D. College of Education, Legal and General Studies, Misau, Bauchi State, Nigeria
This article is an attempt to study Surat al-Hujurat the 49th Chapter of the Glorious Qur’an: this Chapter is really a very important one to the life of a Muslim, because the Chapter contained some important lessons and teachings that a directly dealing with daily social behaviours of any given community. The surah begins with a call to Muslims to make a total submission to the will of the Almighty Allah and to the decision of the Prophet peace and blessings of Allah be on him. Then the surah further take into some lessons that include the condemnation of some bad attitudes are mainly responsible for a lot of misunderstandings and social conflicts the used to be witnessed between people. The surah also encourages Muslims in strong terms to work together as brothers and to embrace one another and to offer help and assistance of different kind to one another.
Keywords: Importance, Ethics, Morality, Perspectve, Hujurat.
COVID-19 PANDEMIC AND THE AGGRAVATION OF PATRIARCHY IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA: A FEMINIST APPROACH
ANTHONIA FOLASADE IBITOYE
Department of General Studies, the Federal Polytechnic, Ado-Ekiti.
This article seeks to broaden the understanding and aggravation of patriarchy as a result of the covid-19 pandemic in sub-Saharan Africa, from a feminist approach. Patriarchy is devastatingly common around the world, and it is more prevalent in Sub-Saharan Africa because of our culture and traditional beliefs, the system of patriarchy encourages the perpetuation of women’s suppression around the world and obsolete practices that suggest that a woman’s role in the society is subordinate to that of a man. This patriarchy grew worse during the pandemic, and it calls for instantaneous interventions to prevent and exterminate patriarchy in sub-Saharan Africa. Patriarchy is a menace to the society because it is a product of gender inequality, and it raises serious public concerns because of its adverse impact on the development of the society and on physical, mental, sexual, and reproductive health. This study employs a feminist theory of black feminism to explain the intricacies of patriarchy, its intensification because of the covid 19 pandemic, and its devastating effect on the society and attainment of sustainable development goals.
Keywords: patriarchy, covid-19 pandemic, sub-Saharan Africa, gender inequality, feminist theory, black feminism, sustainable development goals.
RELATIONSHIP MARKETING AND ITS IMPACT ON CUSTOMER DRIVE AND RETENTION MOTIVE OF DEPOSIT MONEY BANKS IN NIGERIA
KEHINDE, SAMSON OLADEJO1 AND ANAATICHA, BITRUS2
Department of Banking & Finance, Federal Polytechnic, Bida Niger State1 Department of Marketing, Federal Polytechnic, Bida Niger State2&3
The banking industry and other financial institutions are competing among themselves hence, the need to strategize on how to retain as many customers as possible. The Deposit Money Banks (DMBs) studied are Zenith Bank and First Bank operating in Bida Town. The study is intended to determine the extent to which relationship marketing can influence customer drive and retention motives in Deposit Money Banks. Related literature was reviewed. The study used descriptive research design. and simple random sampling method. The population for the study is estimated at 18,500 out of which a sample of 392 was taken via Taro Yamane formula. Close-ended questionnaires were administered. Descriptive and T-test statistics were used to analyze the data. A major finding revealed that quality service, good communication and trust influence customer retention in deposit money banks. The study concludes among others that relationship marketing in customer retention drive is very vital for firms to move beyond satisfying both existing and new customers. It was therefore recommended that management of banks should always emphasis on qualitative service delivery by all staff to customers in order to achieve customer loyalty and retention objective.
Keywords: Relationship Marketing; Impact; Customer Drive; Retention; Motive; Deposit; Money; Banks.
A CRITIQUE OF LEGAL PARAMETERS FOR TERMINATION OF MASTER/SERVANT EMPLOYMENT CONTRACT IN NIGERIA
ATSENUWA, KENNETH BAWO
Law, School Of General Studies, Delta State Polytechnic, Ogwashi-Uku, Delta State, Nigeria.
This paper employs the doctrinal research method in appraising contemporary case laws and statutory provisions underlying the nature of, and legal parameters for determination of master/servant relationships in Nigeria. This paper concludes that whereas the employer has seemingly unfettered powers to hire and fire employers under master/servant contracts, this power must be exercised within the confines of the agreed contractual terms and within the ambits of the law to ensure its validity and obviate the intervention of the courts. This paper recommends that employees whose employments are wrongfully terminated should seek remedy in the form of compensation in damages rather than sue for reinstatement which is not the appropriate remedy in master/servant employment contracts.
Keywords: Critique, Parameter, Determination, Master/Servant, Employment, Contracts
UNNECESSARY DIVORCES AS ONE OF THE FACTORS OF SECURITY CHALLENGES IN THE NOTHERN PARTS OF NIGERIA AND A SOLUTION THERE TO (SHARIA PERSPECTIVE)
AMINU ALHAJI HAMZA ESQ; & MUHAMMAD BASHIR MUHAMMAD ESQ
School of Legal Studies A.D Rufai College of Education Legal and General Studies, Misau Bauchi State. Nigeria
By considering the current security situation in Northern parts of the Nigeria in particular and the whole country in general. This paper aimed at analyzing the problems of pronouncement of divorces in Northern part of Nigeria and to evaluate its impacts towards the development set back in Nigeria more particularly with regard to the security challenge with the view to provide out and mention various solution to it. This brief article is designed to understand how, why the divorce cases continue every day and how its occurrence considered as security set back. Personally practical experience, text books materials as well as empirical method of data collection.
KEYWORDS: Marriage; Divorce; Causes of divorce; Negatives impact of divorce; Solution or mitigation factors to the rampart pronouncement of divorce
VOCABULARY PROFICIENCY AMONGST SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN ANAMBRA STATE
NAZIRU AHMED; & ADEKEMI BOBOYE TAIWO
Department of Languages, School of General Studies, Federal Polytechnic Oko, Anambra State
Academic achievement is the reason behind the enrollment of students in school. This study determined the influence of academic self-efficacy and resilience on academic achievement among secondary school students in Aguata LGA. The study was guided by five research questions and five null hypotheses. The study adopted an expo-facto research design. The population comprised of 1049 SS 2 students in 21 public secondary schools in Aguata LGA. A sample of 310 SS 2 students was randomly drawn from the 21 public secondary schools through multi-stage random sampling procedure. The instruments used for data collection were two, namely: Academic Self-Efficacy Questionnaire (ASEQ), and Academic Resilience Questionnaire (ARQ). The validity of both instruments was determined by three experts. The reliability of the instruments was determined using Cronbach Alpha method and alpha coefficients of 0.72 were obtained for ASEQ, 0.74 for and 0.70 for ARQ. Academic achievement was measured using results in English and Mathematics of 2017/2018 session of the SS2 students in the sampled schools. Data collected were analyzed using the mean and standard deviation for answering research questions and t-test for testing the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The result of the study revealed that both academic self- efficacy and academic resilience have a significant influence on academic achievement. It also showed that gender has no significant influence on academic achievement but has a significant influence on both academic self- efficacy and resilience among the students. Based on the findings, it was recommended among others that teachers should encourage participatory learning and individualized attention among students and also provide necessary feedback, motivation and inclusiveness to foster academic self- efficacy and resilience and academic achievement among the students
Keywords: academic, self-efficacy, resilience, academic achievement, secondary school
ASSESSMENT OF THE PROVISION OF PREVENTION/ CONTROL OF COMMUNICABLE DISEASES AND HEALTH COUNSELING/ INTERPRETATION AMONG SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS OF THE FEDERAL CAPITAL TERRITORY, ABUJA
TUKURAH OBADIAH ANGO
Secondary Education Board Garki, Area Iii, Residing At: No, 059 Ecwa Rd, Pasali- Kuje, Abuja.
This study assessed the adequate provision of two components of school health services for students’ health services between urban and rural government senior secondary school students of Federal Capital Territory, Abuja. Descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. Three hundred and seventy six respondents were randomly sample from urban and rural government senior secondary schools of Federal Capital Territory, Abuja using multistage random sampling technique. The instrument used for data collection was a self developed questionnaire base on five – point Liket scale which was validated by three experts in health education from the Department and Physical and Health Education and the Department of Community Health all Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. It was administered personally by the researcher on the respondents in their schools after due permission from the schools authorities. Data generated was analyzed with SPSS using frequency counts; mean of scores, standard deviation and the student t-test was used in testing the hypotheses formulated. Findings revealed that, the two hypotheses on prevention and control of communicable diseases and the provision of health counseling/ interpretation of the senior secondary schools in the Federal Capital Territory were both significantly adequately provided. It was recommended that, the Federal Capital Territory health department should give more effort towards prevention and control of communicable diseases especially in the area of immunization while the Secondary Education Board should decongest class population. It was recommends that teachers, health personnel, and school counselors should intensify efforts on interpretation of health findings to students and parents.
Keywords: School service, communicable diseases, immunization, health counseling and interpretation
ASSESSING THE IMPACT OF CULTURE ON QUALITY SERVICE DELIVERY IN HOTELS OF BAUCHI METROPOLIS
ELISHA LUCY; & DIMFWINA N TONGSHINEN
Department of Hospitality Management, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, Nigeria
Traveller’s choice of any destination is a challenge to both the traveller and the destination provider of hospitality services due to cultural issues. Even though there have been researches on guest expectations and perceptions of service quality in many parts of the world, but very little has been conducted on the influence of culture on quality service delivery in the hotels in Bauchi Metropolis as a destination which is culturally well-endowed. This study seeks to assess the relationship between cultural dimensions and quality service delivery in hospitality industry and to determine how culture can affect quality service delivery in the hospitality industry. Some selected hotels in Bauchi States will be used for the purpose of this study where 120 customers will be randomly sampled. The study will concludes by discussing and recommending some strategic issues to be implemented in order to raise the level of quality service of the hospitality and tourism industry.
Keyword: Cultural, Hospitality, Quality, Service Delivery.
IMPLEMENTATION OF CHRISTIAN RELIGIOUS KNOWLEDGE STUDIES CURRICULUM FOR STUDENTS CHARACTER FORMATION IN PUBLIC SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN SOUTHERN KADUNA, KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA
*DR. ALI, AWALU MALIKI; & **COMFORT KEFAS BAYEI
*Department of Technical Education, School of Vocational and Technical Education, Kaduna State College Education Gidan Waya, Kafanchan. **Department of Christians Religious Studies, School of Secondary Education, Art and Social Sciences Programme, Kaduna State College of Education Gidan Waya, Kafanchan
The study explored the challenges faced by the teachers of Christian Religious Knowledge Studies (CRKS) in the implementation of the senior secondary school curriculum for the character formation of public students in southern Kaduna, Kaduna State, Nigeria. The study adopted a qualitative paradigm, specifically the collective case study design. Two research questions guided the study: What are the challenges inherent in the implementation of the CRKS curriculum for the character formation of students? What are the possible solutions to these challenges? The study targeted students, teachers and principals from 6 public senior secondary schools. The sample size of the study was 132. That is, 108 students, 18 teachers and 6 principals. The researchers employed maximum variation sampling technique in selecting the 6 schools for the study. They used homogeneous and purposeful random sampling techniques to select 108 students, automatic inclusion sampling technique to select 6 principals, and criterion sampling technique to select 18 teachers of CRKS. The researchers used interview guide and focused group discussion guide for data collection. For data analysis, they transcribed the interviews, coded the data, categorized the data, derived themes from the categories, interrelated themes from each group of participants, and interpreted the meaning of themes. The findings of the study revealed that administration, teacher and student related factors were the main challenges. These pose threat to students’ character formation. The study therefore recommended that teachers need to use discovery approaches, and use varied instructional resources in teaching. Furthermore, the school community needs to maintain a vibrant life of faith and integrity.
Keywords: Christian Religious Studies Curriculum, implementation, character formation, senior secondary school, Southern Kaduna,
EFFECT OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON ENTREPRENEURIAL EDUCATION IN NASARAWA METROPOLIS, NASARAWA STATE – NIGERIA
1ALIYU AHMED TANKO, 2AHMADU LADAN KAMBARI & 3YAKUBU SHEIK HALIRU
1Department of Business Administration & Management, Federal Polytechnic, Nasarawa, Nasarawa State – Nigeria. 2Department of Accountancy, Federal Polytechnic, Nasarawa, Nasarawa State – Nigeria. 3College of Basics and Advance Studies Yelwa Yauri, Kebbi State – Nigeria.
Climate change is controversial in nature which results to abnormal variations to the climate yet seen by entrepreneurs as an avenue to nurture unconventional talents and creates opportunities for entrepreneurial success in the world especially developing countries. The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of climate change on entrepreneurial education in Nasarawa metropolis. Data was collected using a structured questionnaire which was analyzed using regression analysis with the help of statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) in order to confirm the stated hypotheses with a population of 980 entrepreneurs to elicit information. The findings revealed that economic activities, business opportunities, enabling environment and attitude of entrepreneur has significant positive effect on entrepreneurial education while, entrepreneur perception has significant negative effect on entrepreneurial education in Nasarawa metropolis. The study concludes that climate change has enabled the entrepreneurs operating in Nasarawa metropolis to be creative, innovative and utilize the available opportunities. In light of these, the study recommends that governments should improve security and awareness to provide enabling environment, educate the public on entrepreneur perception, every stakeholder should embrace business opportunities, the community should provide conducive environment for economic activities and training should be enhanced to improve attitude of entrepreneur.
Keywords: climate change, education, entrepreneurs, entrepreneurship, performance.