SUB-SAHARA AFRICAN JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT (SJECM)
VOL 20 (4) JUNE, 2021 ISSN: 2292-7733
Sub-Sahara African Academic Research Publications,
Centre for African Development Studies, University of Ibadan,
P. O. Box 10108, U. I. Post Office. Ibadan Oyo State, Nigeria, West-Africa.
ASSESSING THE LAND USE/LAND COVER DYNAMICS IN TORO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, BAUCHI STATE, NIGERIA
ABDULKADIR AHMED 1AND TAKANA ABUBAKAR2
1Department of Surveying and Geoinformatics, AbubakarTafawaBalewa University Bauchi, Nigeria 2Department of Surveying and Geoinformatics, ModibboAdama University of Technology, Yola, Nigeria
This study used both Remote Sensing and Geographic Information System (RS/GIS) for the analysis of land use land cover (LULC) dynamics of Toro for the period of 1985 to 2015. The purpose was to detect the nature and magnitude of these changes in order to determine its direction for future planning. The study was achieved using landsat 7 images of 1985, 2000 and 2015 by means of classifying the images into settlements, vegetation, farmlands, stones and water bodies. Erdas Imagine 9.2 and ArcGIS 10.1 through supervised image classification technique was used in the classification. The results show that significant changes occurred in settlements and least in water bodies. The study revealed that there is also a significant expansion in some towns of Toro LGA in terms of size and the expansion is more concentrated around the settlements situated along Bauchi-Jos road. Settlement like Gumau town also witnessed a remarkable expansion.
Keywords: Land use, land cover, Remote Sensing & GIS, classification, change detection.
QUALITY ANALYSIS OF HOUSING STOCK AND SHELTER DEPRIVATIONS IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA
SANI JIBIR DUKKU PhD
Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi – Nigeria
This paper canvases the state of housing stock and shelter deprivation in Sub-Saharan Africa. It systematically reviews trends in housing conditions with respect to housing needs at the national scale and analyses the quality of the existing housing stock using the UN-HABITAT’s ‘shelter deprivations’ framework. It shows how the housing stock in Sub-Saharan Africa is grossly inadequate quantitatively and qualitatively. Drawing on the discussion and analysis presented, recommendations on how to facilitate more effective, affordable and qualitative housing delivery systems are prescribed.
Keywords: Quality, Analysis, Housing, Stock, Shelter, Deprivations
ASSESSMENT OF INCORPORATING GREEN AREA IN FEDERAL CAPITAL CITY PHASE 1 ABUJA, NIGERIA
ILIYASU M. ANZAKU1, ADAMU MOHAMMED2, BANKI CHUNWANTE3, FRANCIS DAMACHI4
1Department of Science, School of Continuing Education, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria. 2Energy Commission, Abuja, Nigeria. 3Department of Environmental Science, Faculty of Environmental Sciences, Nasarawa State University Keffi. 4Department of Geography, Faculty of Environmental Science, Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Nigeria
This study assessed the conversion of green areas to other land uses in Federal Capital City (FCC) Phase One Abuja. The research examines the extent of conversion of green areas to other land uses, reasons responsible for conversion of green areas, adequacy of green areas among others. Systematic Random Sampling was used to obtain the number of plots, percentage of sampled plots and sample interval. Chi-square method was used to determine the variation of responses on conversion in Asokoro, Central Area, Garki, Maitama and Wuse as 62.5%, 92.3%, 86.6%, 82.3% and 90.6% of respondent respectively. In Asokoro, Central Area, Garki and Maitama most of the green areas were converted to commercial land uses that constitute the most threat to green area. The research concluded that the level of awareness of existence of green areas among the respondents were high. The level of conversion in the study area were also high and commercial land use constituted more threat to green areas and the economic constraint being the reason for conversion of green areas. Finally, the respondents indicate that the provision of green areas were inadequate in the study area.
Keywords: Incorporating, green, areas, city, vegetation
INFORMAL SECTOR ACTVITIES AND URBAN SPACE DEVELOPMENT IN KUBWA, FCT
CHIDOZIE, BLESSING UZOMA
Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Federal University of Technology, Minna
The informal economy has experienced rapid growth in developing countries and has consequently attracted increasing attention among academics, researchers, social development activist, and policy planners. This study therefore seeks to assess the relationship between informal sector activities and urban space development in Kubwa, FCT, Nigeria. The study adopts the quantitative research approach to provide answers to the research questions. The data for the study were gathered from primary and secondary sources through survey, and direct observation. A total of 234 informal sector operators were sampled for the study using multi-stage sampling technique. The informal sector activities were classified into three namely: production, retails, repair and services. The data collected were analysed using descriptive statistical tools such as frequency, percentage, and mean using the XLSTAT statistical software. The study revealed that informal economic activities provide livelihood (employment) to many people in Kubwa, irrespective of age, gender, or literacy level. The study established that informal sector operators are major players in urban space development, consuming about 142 hectares of land. However, no adequate provision or allocation was made for informal activities within Kubwa, which led to the encroachment of marginal land, road corridors, and public spaces. The study therefore recommends that deliberate attempt should be made to provide space for informal economic activities to reduce the rate of public land encroachment in Kubwa.
Keywords: Informal Sector, Livelihood, Poverty, and Space Development
DETERMINANTS OF RENTAL VALUES OF STUDENTS OFF-CAMPUS ACCOMMODATION IN CLOSE PROXIMITY TO THE FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC BIDA
DANIYA YAHAYA NMA; & SULE .I. ABBAS (PhD)
Department of Estate Managementand Valuation, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Niger State.
The student accommodation has been a key area of concern with rising student population as a result of increasing interest in the higher institutions of learning over the years. The rise in population which has led to upward pressure on housing demand within the tertiary institution neighbourhood influencing rental values of student housing, it is on this background that, the study seek to determinant of rental value of student off-campus accommodation in close proximity to Federal Polytechnic Bida, Niger state, Nigeria, the study area were cluster into three zone like Big gate zone, Small gate zone and Zallak zone, the descriptive cross sectional research design approach were employed to support the collection of both qualitative and quantitative data type; Data was gathered using well-structured open ended questionnaires, GPS, and direct observation as a primary instrument of data collection which about 264 respondents were chosen through random sampling, the data collected for this study was subjected to both the descriptive and inferential analytical tool. The study therefore revealed that there are three predominant types of off-campus students’ accommodation; they are single room apartment, single room self-contain apartment, and two-room’ self-contain apartment, The study further established that the major contributing factor for predominant types of off-campus students housing is accessibility and distance away from Federal polytechnic Bida.
Keywords: Determinants, Student accommodation, Rental value, Quality,
RESIDENTS MOBILITY ACROSS RESIDENTIAL AREAS OF UNIVERSITY OF JOS SENIOR STAFF QUARTERS
IJEOMA G.U.AYUBA, AND ACHE S. ACHUENU,
Urban and Regional Planning, Faculty of Environmental Sciences, University of Jos
The study was a survey research meant to assess resident’s mobility across residential areas of University of Jos Senior Staff Quarters. A set of questionnaires were used to elicit information from a sample of 183 household heads, which were selected through a stratified sampling technique. Findings revealed that causes of residents’ mobility are as a result of promotion, condition of housing, inadequate space, insufficient facilities, services, inadequate water, distance to work, security, and indiscriminate refuse disposal. Water should be provided through installation of boreholes in every street. Adequate security should be provided by extension of fence and assigning security personnel at strategic locations. Good roads should be Constructed and maintained within the quarters. Improve sanitation practice by embarking on refuse collection points at every street and provision of refuse disposal facilities. Shopping facilities should be provided between every two streets.
Keywords: residents, residential, mobility, university of Jos
ADAPTING TO DAMS: SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE UP AND DOWNSTREAM OF JEBBA DAM, NORTH-CENTRAL NIGERIA
SULEIMAN YAHAYA MOHAMMED, Ph.D
Department of Geography, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria
In Africa, the economic, social and environmental impacts of large dams on communities inhabiting floodplains up and downstream have mostly been adverse. Large hydroelectric Dams wreck havoc on the ecosystems and communities where they are placed. The environmental damage can be so extensive and the direct and indirect costs to people and governments so high, that even the most grandiose of dam projects is difficult to justify. Upstream or down, the ecology and hydrology of a river are forever changed once a concrete wall chokes back its waters. Most studies of the impacts of dams have been short term, however, and confined to the years immediately following dam closure. This paper takes a longer term perspective, examining changes that occurred in the 25 years of the construction of Jebba Dam in North Central Nigeria. The results indicate occurrence of a wide range of social and economic dislocation, environmental degradation due to cessation of floods and flooding due to release of water from the dams, thus resulting in partial erosion of traditional pattern and collapse of rural economy. It is therefore recommended, that a programme to monitor the impacts of dam development (particularly in downstream communities) should be an integral element of the planning process, and should be matched by resources to mitigate impacts not addressed fully by the planning process.
Keywords: Dams, Ecosystems, Downstream, Adaptation, Resettlement, Flood
THE INFORMAL WASTE SECTOR AND SUSTAINABILITY OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN BIRNIN KEBBI, NORTHWEST, NIGERIA
ABDULLAHI, SHUAIBU DANJUMA
Cambridge International College, St Brelade, Jersey JE3 8FP, Britain.
This study was carried out with the aim of identifying the important roles the informal waste sector play in the municipal waste management system in Birnin Kebbi, the state capital of Kebbi State; one of the 36 states in Nigeria, and how these roles can be enhanced to bring about the sustainability of municipal solid waste management service in the town. It is reckoned that for a long time now the informal waste sector has been active in providing municipal solid waste service in urban areas of developing countries in spite of the dwindling revenues accruing to city governments in real terms. But this important activity is neither acknowledged nor integrated into the formal sector waste management system. In fact, instead of recognition and integration, the relationship between the informal waste sector and the authorities has been that of hostility and complete ban. The result from the study, however indicates that apart from diverting waste from the disposal site and thus providing environmental benefits, it has also been able to provide employment to youth who are mostly without the requisite skills, experience and education that will enable them secure jobs within the formal sector. In addition, it has the capacity to lower costs of municipal solid waste service provision when properly integrated with the formal service providers. The study has therefore recommended the need for enactment of a municipal solid waste management law or policy that will provide for the recognition and integration including improving the welfare of the informal waste sector workers. This is in addition to designation of a regulator by the proposed law for monitoring of performance of all service providers in order to ensure value for money
Keywords: informal waste sector, formal sector, sustainability, municipal solid waste management, recognition, integration, waste brokers, itinerant buyers, recyclables.
RISK RESPONSE TECHNIQUES IN OIL AND GAS CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS IN THE NIGER DELTA REGION OF NIGERIA
IA AWODELE1, O.SOFOLAHAN2, U.U. DURU3, E.C.EZE4 AND J.N. NNAMETU5
1,4,5 Department of Quantity Surveying, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria. 2Department of Quantity Surveying, Lagos State Polytechnic, Nigeria. 3Department of Surveying and Geo informatics, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria
Risks encountered in oil and gas construction projects are enormous and this is as a result of risky nature of the projects. Effective risk responses are vital if risk management is to be efficient by reducing risk exposure for our projects. This study sought to appraise risk response techniques adopted for oil and gas construction projects in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria. The specific objectives for the study are: To identify types of risks in oil and gas construction projects and to examine the risk response techniques adopted for oil and gas construction projects. Data on types of risks and risk response techniques were obtained through questionnaires administered to 70 oil and gas construction professionals. The study adopted a non-probabilistic sampling techniques which is Purposive sampling .Mean item score (MIS) was used to analyze identified types of risks while risk response techniques was through frequencies. The findings of the study revealed that “Environmental risks ranked highest among the twelve (12) identified risks followed closely by political risk, legal risks among other”. Risk transfer was the most frequently utilized techniques adopted for oil and gas construction projects. It was concluded that risk responses should be planned and built into the project.
Keywords: Risk, Oil & Gas, Projects, Response, Techniques
AN APPRAISAL OF HEALTH AND SAFETY PRACTICES IN CONSTRUCTION SITES: AN INVESTIGATION AMONG WORKERS ON CONSTRUCTION SITES IN ABUJA
IBIANG HENRY OMORI & OPEYEMI MAROOF ANIFIWOSE
Department of Quantity Surveying, Federal University of Technology, Minna
Construction project sites are considered as one of the most hazardous workplaces to work, due to the increasingly cases of injuries and fatalities across construction sites. This research focused on an appraisal of health and safety practices in construction sites by carrying out an investigation among workers on construction sites in Abuja. The data for the study were obtained using a structured questionnaire administered on 15 construction sites in Abuja, Nigeria. A total of sixty-nine (69) copies of questionnaire were distributed to respondents out of which fifty one (51) were returned representing 73.9% response rate. Data received were analyzed using relative importance index (RII) and the ranking method. The study revealed that identification of hazard ranked 1st position with RII of 0.90, medical provision ranked 2nd with RII of 0.87, lack of Personal protective equipment (PPE) was ranked 3rd with RII of 0.82, fire protection ranked with RII of 0.80 was ranked 4th, risk control ranked 5th with RII of 0.77. The study therefore recommends that implementation of safety practices such as awareness of workers and labourers, commitment of top management to adhering to health and safety practices and the allocation of resources should be accorded top priority.
Keywords: Sites, health and safety, management staff, hazardous and Appraisal.
THE INFLUENCE OF QUALITY OF VALUATION ON VALUATION DEPENDABILITY AND ACCEPTANCE BY END-USERS’
KALU JOSEPH UFERE; HABU BABA AND JOSEPHAT CHRISTOPHER
Department of Estate Management and Valuation, Faculty of Environmental Technology, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria
This study assessed the important place of Quality of Valuation on Valuation Dependability and Acceptance by specialized End-Users’ in Yola with a view to enhancing acceptability of property valuation in financial Institutions for decision-making in granting credit facilities in Yola. The study adopted a quantitative research approach, with descriptive survey design. The instrument of data collection adopted is questionnaires, with a total of 63 members of staff at the management cadre in commercial financial institutions bank in Yola as the sample frame. The data was being analyzed quantitatively by using correlation and regression statistic techniques The results from the correlation analysis show a 34.9% is relationships between quality of valuation and valuation dependability, which implies that there is strong difference between Valuation quality and dependability, and weak relationship between them. The regression model show a significantly effect on between Quality and dependability of Valuation services among financial institutions in Yola. Furthermore, the model indicates that the model explained 85.6% of the variance, which means that quality of valuation is responsible for 85.6% of dependability of valuation services and subsequent acceptance of valuation services. Therefore the study concludes that valuation report quality has a strong significant effect on Valuation dependability.
Keywords: Influence, Quality, Valuation, Dependability, Acceptance
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT THE ROLE OF THE ESTATE SURVEYOR AND VALUER
ESV, OKORONKWO, NDUKAUBA SUNDAY NWAFOR. PhD
Department of Estate Management, Imo State University Owerri, Nigeria.
Environmental Impact Assessment is a multi-disciplinary activity which the Estate Surveyor and Valuer must partake in its conduct. It is the study of land to determine if there are any factors such as would possibly give rise to concerns about hazardous materials, protected species, historic remains or other such factors and, a written report containing an analysis of the ecology and construction of projects and after completion and public usages. The components of Environmental Impact Assessment Report are: concerns and points of views of all the various groups interested in, and affected by the projects must be considered throughout the Environmental Impact Assessment processes; hence, developer’s preferred sites of the project with reduced adverse environmental consequence is considered; expose both the viability and liability of the project to the investor; enable competent authority’s response to issues on permit application; expose the implication of projects’ adverse consequences on the other projects which governments may wish to promote; enable competent authority’s response to issues on permit application. Total Economic Values of potential hazards of the projects can only be quantified by the Estate Surveyor and Valuer who is that person permitted by law to value and determines the value of property, chattel, plant and machinery, equipment and any other fixed asset or motor vehicle in Nigeria. Various method of Environmental Valuation is: the Contingent Valuation Method (CVM); Hedonic Pricing (HP) Model and, the Indirect Valuation Method (IVM). Most of the current valuation professionals are yet to embrace the art and science of Total Economic Value valuation and they need to be exposed to further training on this activity. This work hinges on literature hence, bases on narratives of significant issues on the topic.
Keywords: Environment, Impact Assessment, Estate Surveyor
PREDICTING SHORT TERM RAINFALL OVER ABUJA USING THE WEATHER PREDICTION MODELS SINGLE MOVING AVERAGE (SMA) AND SIMPLE EXPONENTIAL SMOOTHING (SES).
OLAOSEBIKAN, OLUWATOYIN DEBORAH; & OJOYE SAMSUDEEN
Department of Geography, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Niger state.
The study investigated the prediction of rainfall over Abuja using weather prediction models Single Moving Average (SMA) and Simple Exponential Smoothing (SES). In order to achieve the aim of the study, a research objective was used; predict short term rainfall using the SMA and SES models. Secondary data was obtained from Nigerian Metrological Agency (NIMET) Abuja for period of 30years (1990 – 2020) on rainfall over Abuja. From the outcome of the study, it was concluded that there was no significant difference observed rainfall value and SMA(n=2) forecast value in 2006 -2021, and the model predicted the average rainfall of 119.13 mm rainfall value for the year 2021. The result of the study also disclosed that the rainfall forecast of the SMA- model with period 3 within 1990-2021. The trend further reveals that there are no significance differences between the observed rainfall value and SMA(n=3) forecast value within the year 1990-2021, with predicted rain 119.66 mm rainfall value for the year 2021. It could be concluded that the Single Moving Average n=2 predicted better compare to other prediction models. The study hereby recommends among others that; agencies in charge of weather forecast should look into the use of SMA with order n=2 as an alternative model; Government should be encourage to effectively use the models for prediction in term of decision making on issues involving agricultural activities.
Keywords: Predicting Short, Rainfall, Abuja, Weather Prediction Models, Single Moving Average (SMA) and Simple Exponential Smoothing (SES).
BEYOND BRICKS & MORTAR: AN APPRAISAL OF HOUSING POLICIES IN NIGERIA
1LASISI, K. O. AND 2YUSSUFF, O. N.
1 Department of Urban and Regional Planning, the Polytechnic Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria 2Department of Mechanical Engineering, the Polytechnic Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
This paper appraises the various housing policies and programmes in Nigeria from pre-colonial to post-colonial era. The paper begins by raising the question of what is “housing”? It examines attempts that have been made to identify what differentiates housing from shelter. The second part goes on to consider the concept of housing. The third section of the paper attempted to look into the issue of housing debacle as a global phenomenon. Statement of the problems relating to housing policies is looked into in section four of the paper. Section five focused on housing stock and housing needs in Nigeria. The fifth part contextualizes united nation’s housing rights as, relates to Nigeria. The sixth part then articulates a review of past housing policies and programmes in Nigeria. an appraisal of housing policy thrusts, objectives and strategies is the crux of section seven. The ninth section addresses the incidences of building collapse in Nigeria and the necessity for the enactment of a National Building Code. The concluding section notes the importance of housing right enforcement in Nigeria as a panacea for achieving safe, decent and affordable housing for Nigerians.
Keywords: Housing, Policy, Programmes, Strategies, stock and needs
A REVIEW OF BUILDING COLLAPSE IN NIGERIA: CAUSES, EFFECTS AND CONTROL MEASURE
1BEJIDE, M.M., 2EBOREIME, L, 3OBAJINA, N.L.
Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Auchi Polytechnic, Auchi. Edo State
The paper examined building collapse in Nigeria: causes, effects and the control measure. Building collapse is a common phenomenon all over the world, but more rampant and devastating in the developing countries like Nigeria. The sources of data for the study were mainly from the secondary sources, which include both published and unpublished materials from the library, journals, textbooks and some other relevant materials. Building collapse could be as a result of human errors and ignorance, when incompetent personnel are in charge of design, construction and inspection of the building project. There are natural forces outside the control of man that could also be responsible for building collapse; such as earth quakes and tremors, landslide, flooding, high wind velocities like hurricane and so on. The effects of building collapse are; loss of human life, loss of properties, it could leads to discouragement of property development and scarcity of property and so on. Building failure or collapse can be control if all building design are carried out by qualified professional Architects and Engineers and other relevant professionals. Qualified Town planners should always inspect and approve building plan appropriately. The paper thereby concluded that professional and everyone involved in the building project must ensure there is strict adherence to the required standards, specifications and method of construction without compromise.
Keywords: Building, building collapse, causes, effects, control measure, Nigeria.
EFFECTS AND MANAGEMENT OPTIONS FOR TERMITE INFESTED BUILDING COMPONENTS IN IGBESA AREA OF OGUN STATE, NIGERIA
1AKANDE FOLASADE B., 1OGINNI OLALEKAN E., 1MICHAEL OLUMAYOWA C., 2UGHEOKE DAVID O., AND 3OLALEKAN KEHINDE
1.Department of Architectural Technology, Ogun State Institute of Technology, Igbesa, Nigeria 2.Department of Building Technology, Ogun State Institute of Technology, Igbesa, Nigeria 3.Project Management, PACE University of Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.
Globally, termite damage to buildings is a serious problem as termite colony structurally compromise a building’s integrity resulting in permanent damage and loss of value. Consequently, causing building failure due to the damage caused by termites. Termites gain pathways to buildings due to poor structural design or construction workmanship/practices. The study sought to examine the effects and management options for termite infested building components in Igbesa area of Ogun State. Essentially, the study was able to determine some faulty construction practices that gives room for termite entry into a building, ascertain the extent of termite damage on buildings, determine several methods of termite control and examine the effects of termite infestation on buildings. Both the primary and secondary sources of data was used in this study. The primary data was obtained through structured questionnaires and physical observation by the researcher. However, the purposive sampling technique was adopted, whereby only five locations were selected namely; Obanla, Panada, Igbe, Aina and Ilamiro area, using the predominance of residential buildings and population as a criteria. A total of fifty (50) questionnaires were administered, whereby ten (10) buildings were selected in each location. This study revealed that termite gained access into buildings from foundation, walls, roofs and other wooden components, which is largely due to faulty construction practices and poor workmanship. Also, 30% buildings constructed of mud were mostly infested by termite. 70% of the respondents were severely affected by termite damage, and 38% of respondents still reside in the buildings. As a means to curb/eradicate the impacts of termite, 60% of the respondents considered the use of condemned engine oil as the most effective local additives for termite infestation. Consequently, in view of the findings, a number of far reaching recommendations were presented with a view to curb if not solve the impending issues of termite attack on buildings in the study area.
Keywords: Effects, management options, termite, infested building and building components.
CHALLENGES OF INFORMAL ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES ON ROAD RESERVATIONS: EVIDENCE FROM URBAN MOBILITY ISSUES
LAWAL KABIR TUNAU, ALIYU TIJJANI, SULEIMAN ABUBAKAR AND RABIU USMAN MOHAMMED
Department of Urban and Regional Planning, School of Environmental Science Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Mubi Adamawa – Nigeria.
This work was motivated mainly by the need to empirically assess the challenges of informal economic activities on road reservations in Nigeria. Specifically, the objective of the study is to examine the relevance of road reservation in urban and regional planning, and causes of informal economic activities on road reservations. In recent times, multiple indicators have be used to assess informal activities, this study employed Brian Mcloughlin’s simple planning process model alongside field survey to assess the challenges of informal economic activities on road reservations. The result shows that the activities of the informal economic sector have posed serious problems in the social and economic environment of urban dwellers, thereby resulting into traffic congestion, distortion of the city image, increase accident rate etc. It was therefore recommended that, the city authorities should provide adequate and organized infrastructural facilities by ways of building more market stalls, public conveniences, electricity and water supply, to traders in order to maintain neat and orderly vehicular streets.
Keywords: Informal, Informal economy, Road Reservation, and Urban Mobility.
ASSESSMENT OF RISK AND RETURN ON RESIDENTIAL PROPERTY INVESTMENT IN KANO, NIGERIA
ZAKARI USMAN DODO; MOHAMMED SANUSI MUSA; USMAN JAMILA; AND WALI RAKIYA I.
Department of Estate Management and Valuationy, Niger State Polytechnic, Zungeru.
The paper assess risk and return on residential property market in Kano with a view to examine the trend in returns of residential property investment types and the risk-return in relation to residential property investment. Residential property investment return in Kano has been influenced by several risk factors which affect the property market and the economy, Kano has been chosen for this study because is the commercial city of northern Nigeria and due to the inflow of people the residential housing infrastructure is growing. The study utilized descriptive (standard deviation, viariance, coefficient of variation) and inferential method (ANOVA). The results of descriptive analysis across the five markets showed. The properties sampled are 2Bedroom, 3Bedroom and 4Bedroom which showed that Badawa and Bompai maintained double digit over the other three market. And the variance result revealed that, variation in returns on residential property investment across the market in the selected areas of Kano is statistically significant since the p.value across the market are less than 0.05 level of significance.
Keywords: Analysis, Risk – Return, Residential, Property Investment, Anova.
AN ASSESSMENT OF THE WILLINGNESS TO PAY RESIDENTIAL PROPERTY TAX IN LAGOS STATE, NIGERIA
*DOTUN OLUWADARE OLUTOLA; & **MR. LATEEF OLALEKAN ANIMASHAUN
*Globacom Ltd. 23 Okpara Avenue, Enugu. ** Oyo State Housing Corporation, Ibadan
The study examined factors affecting the willingness to pay (WTP) residential property tax in the study area. This was with a view to providing information that will enhance willingness to pay residential property tax in the study area. Primary data was used for the study, data were sourced using questionnaire. Ninety valid questionnaires were returned and analysed. Soliciting information about residential property owners’ willingness to pay property tax, using a 5-Likert scale of Strongly agree, Agree, Undecided, Disagree, Strongly disagree. Each of these was respectively assigned a value of 5, 4, 3, 2, and 1. Descriptive statistical tools were used in analysing the data obtained. The study found that the majority of the respondents were males (88%) and fall within the age group of 46-55 years of age (38.9%), majority was master’s degree holders (40%). The result has revealed all the factors identified affecting the WTP property tax except poor community school facility, and the factor maintained high RII this more average at 60% relative importance. The study concluded that residential property owners are willing to pay property tax whenever various factors are addressed and satisfied.
Keywords: Willingness to pay (WTP), Tax compliance, Residential property, Metropolis, Community services.
ASSESSMENT OF SOCIAL MEDIA IN NIGERIAN REAL ESTATE MARKETING
IBRAHIM BABATUNDE SHITTU; OLANREWAJU ADESUNMBO ADISA; & ADEYINKE AMOS OGUNDIRAN
Department of Estate Management, the Polytechnic, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria
The study aims to assess the use of social media in real estate marketing in Nigeria; examine the frequency at which real estate firms in Nigeria use social media for marketing, evaluate the challenges hampering the efficient use of social media form marketing by real Estate firms in Nigeria and proffer probable solutions to the challenges towards sustainable development in Nigerian real estate. This study covers a cross-section of registered estate surveyors and valuers present at the 2021 Mandatory continuing professional development (MCPD) seminar held in Ibadan for Nigerian Estate surveyors and valuers. Data were obtained from questionnaires distributed to Registered Estate Surveyors and Valuers. The data collected for this study from were statistically analyzed and presented using frequency table and likert scale. Findings from the study show that social media advertising, creating awareness, promotion of services regionally, nationally or internationally etc. also the preferred social media marketing platform used by real estate firm in Nigeria. Facebook was found to be most used social media for marketing by real estate firms followed Instagram, Twitter, Whatsapp, Youtube, Google+, Likedln, Myscape, Pintere3st, Tumblr. The challenges identified were trust, privacy and security issues, data management, inability to measure return on investment, both lack of online marketing team by real estate firms with keeping in-touch with customers. The study suggested solutions to the challenges of using social media for marketing by real estate firms in Nigeria as recommended by this study are boosting motivation through training, adoption of social media management software, developing a unique social media experience unrivalled by competitors, ensure firm’s logos and official handles are distinct and unique, building a social media department at the firms, attending to all grievances expressed through social media platforms.
Keywords: Social media, real estate, marketing, Nigeria, sustainable development
THE IMPLICATION OF INCLUSIVE GROWTH IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF ANGOLA AND NIGERIA.
ANYANWU IGNATIUS UZOMA
Department Of Urban And Regional Planning, Abia State Polytechnic Aba, Nigeria.
Over the years, African economies have undergone considerable transformation, with consistent and robust growth, in sharp contrast to decades of slow or even negative growth, which characterized the 1970s into the 1990s. While the region’s economies slowed down from an average of 5.6% during the period 2002-2008 to 2.2% in 2009, in the wake of the global financial crisis; Africa promptly recovered, with an average growth rate of 4.6% in 2010 and 6.2% in 2012, as well as 4.0 and 4.3% for 2013 and 2014, respectively. In Sub-Saharan Africa, economic growth is even more robust, averaging about 6% over the past decade. This development has made the region to be acknowledged with the second highest economic growth in the world in recent times. However, contemporary economic growth in Sub-Saharan Africa is largely unaccompanied by employment generation or increased livelihood opportunities. Consequently, poverty levels across the region remain relatively high, at 48% of the population. The challenges posed by lack of inclusive growth are particularly evident in Angola and Nigeria, countries that feature economies driven by the petroleum industry. Therefore, the major objective of this paper is to shed light on the challenges associated with lack of inclusive growth in Sub-Saharan Africa. The paper employs empirical data to analyze Angola and Nigeria case studies, which reveal both countries as resource-rich economies featuring relatively high economic profiles, devoid of widespread employment opportunities, with grave consequences for endemic poverty. Consequently, the paper presents a policy framework, grounded in poverty reduction strategies, enterprise development and capacity building aimed at promoting broad-based economic growth as the cornerstone of African economies.
Keywords: Comparative Analysis, Implication, Inclusive growth, Sub-saharan Africa, Angola and Nigeria
INVESTIGATING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN URBAN PLANNING AND PUBLIC HEALTH PROFESSIONS IN IMO STATE, NIGERIA.
OKEKE V. U1 AND AHAOTU, E.O2
1School of Environmental Design and Technology, Imo state Polytechnic, Umuagwo, Nigeria. 2School of Agriculture and Agricultural Technology, Imo state Polytechnic, Umuagwo, Nigeria.
Urban planning profession plays an important role in shaping health conditions of city and city residents. The links between urban planning and public health are many and varied having positive influences on the population. This study uses Imo state of Nigeria as a study area in understanding the link between both professions. Structured questionnaires sample the opinions of forty field personnel from Ministries of Physical Planning and that of Health (twenty respondents each). The study used comparative table analysis in understanding the link between both professions. The analyses showed that there is no link between both professions in the state. Planners pursue physical and structural development of the state while public health practitioners are involved in regulating sanitary conditions, hospital needs and drug distribution in the state. Political interference and a need for more training of planners is the major problems for planners while public health workers decry the conditions in which they operate as their major problem. The study revealed that planners agreed that there is a connection between both professions in achieving a healthy population for the state as opposed to public health professionals who do not see any link. This study therefore proposed a re-orientation of public health professionals to see urban planners as partners in progress starting from the course contents of students in higher institutions. Also seminars and conferences should be collaboratively held to improve on the awareness of both professions. There is also the need for invitations to be extended when major development projects and programmes are being initiated by each profession to see where each can add value and improve upon such projects.
Keywords: Urban Planning, Public Health, Planners, Physical and Structural Development
URBAN SECURITY PRACTICES AND ITS IMPACT ON NEIGHBORHOOD PATTERN IN UYO URBAN, NIGERIA
*1AYADU KOFFI AND 2UDOSEN NSIDIBE
Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Akwa Ibom State Polytechnic, Ikot Osuaru
Due to the rising crime rate in Nigeria cities, households have to provide for their security particularly with structures in the buildings, streets and neighbourhoods. This situation is applicable to the three selected neigbourhoods of Uyo Urban. This study seek to investigate the extent to which urban design elements would enhance urban security in residential neighbourhood in Uyo Urban. The research utilized a survey approach and data were collected from three hundred and fifty (350) respondents drawn from three purposively selected neighbourhoods; two from the inner city and one from urban periphery. The study followed a multi-stage framework. First four routes were randomly selected in each of the study neighbourhoods. This was followed by the selection of four houses in each selected street using the systematic sampling method. In each house, one household head was randomly picked for questionnaire administration. The result revealed that the use of urban design elements for crime prevention is not different between Ewet Housing, Shelter Afrique and Federal Housing Estate. The study recommends an integrated development planning strategy for the selected neighbourhood and the need for subdivision regulations with the integration of urban design elements that promote urban security without compromising urban morphology for the sustainability of neighbourhood.
Keywords: Urban Design, Neighbourhood Pattern, Security, Crime, Nigeria
ANALYSIS IN EXPOSURE TO HEAT IN JIMETA RESIDENTIAL NEIGHBOURHOOD IN ADAMAWA STATE, USING SPARTIAL SYNOPTIC CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM
TANKO, BINIBONORI SALIHU
Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Federal Polytechnic Mubi, Adamawa state
The Urban Heat Island (UHI) is defined as elevated surface and air temperatures in urban areas relative to surrounding suburban and exurban areas (Solecki et al., 2005). Problems that result from the UHI include decreased air quality, increased heat mortality, increased energy and water use, failure of infrastructure, and altered regional precipitation patterns (Stone, 2005; Gartland, 2008; Baik et al, 2000). Adamawa state Urban Planning Development Authority is increasingly taking action to analyze and reduce UHIs. Yet, past research provides insufficient information for researchers and planners on 1) the relative contribution of neighborhood physical characteristics to UHIs and how those physical characteristics’ contribution may change during different times of day, 2) the accuracy of land cover quantifications necessary to predict UHIs, This study examines how different physical features measured at the neighborhood scale contribute to the UHI intensity in eight (8) residential neighborhoods in Jimeta metropolitan area of Adamawa state using synoptic classification system. During the dry season of 2019, we collected air temperature measurements in neighborhoods selected to represent different land cover mixes, neighborhood building configurations, and adjacent heat sources and sinks. Consistent with coarse-scale investigation that rely on surface temperature proxies, the predictors with the most explanatory power of elevated air temperatures at night were land cover variables. We found that light winds at night resulted in stronger relationships between the physical characteristic variables and UHI intensity at 2 a.m. (adjusted R2 = 0.68) than at 4 p.m. (adjusted R2 = 0.26). At night percent impervious was a better predictor of UHIs relative to building configuration. The relationships changed during the day. The significant predictor of UHI intensity shifted to upwind adjacent factors during the afternoon likely due to higher wind speeds. During the afternoon we found that a neighborhood’s distance to upwind industrial areas was a better predictor of UHIs relative to land cover factors. This research is an important contribution to understanding how municipalities embarking on UHI reduction should prioritize limited financial and political resources to reduce the heat vulnerability of residents.
Keywords: Urban Heat Islands, Urban Heat Island Evaluation, Urban Climatology, Heat Vulnerability, Urban Climate Planning
IMPORTANCE OF INCENTIVES AND MOTIVATION OF HUMAN ELEMENT IN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY
MUHAMMAD LAWAL YAHAYA
Department of Building Technology, College of Environmental Studies, Hassan Usman Katsina Polytechnic, Katsina State, Nigeria.
This work examine the importance of incentives and motivation of human element in construction industry, a case study of construction industries in Abuja, Nigeria. The research objective and question were formulated to guide this work, descriptive research design was adopted and the five construction industries in Abuja were randomly selected for this research work and appropriate question were distributed to 100 engineers in the construction industries. According to the results it shows that there are importance of motivation and incentives of human elements in construction industry and also there are factors that influence and challenges the motivation and incentive of human elements in construction industries in Nigeria Thus it was recommended that increase in salary; promotion, overtime and holiday with pay should be used as motivators for increase in performance of construction workers and Promotion should be done regularly and should be based on performance of workers.
Keywords: Importance, Incentives, Motivation, Human Element.
CLAIMANTS’ EXPECTATION OF COMPULSORY LAND ACQUISITION AND COMPENSATION ON THEIR SATISFACTION IN JOS
JOHN AZI RICHARD; M U BELLO AND M. S. MUHAMMAD
Department of Estate Management and Valuation Faculty of Environmental Technology Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria
The research aimed at examines the claimants’ expectation of compulsory land acquisition and compensation on their satisfaction in study area with a view to improving the process of compulsory land acquisition and compensation in Jos Nigeria. The study employed descriptive survey design and quantitative research approach. The research used closed ended questionnaire instruments to collect data. A total of two hundred and sixty nine (269) questionnaires were administered to claimants out of who two hundred and fifteen (225) were retrieved and used. The research adopted purposive sampling technique (non probability sampling). Data was analysed using statistical packages for social sciences (SPSS) version 21. The model produced overall R value of .945 and F statistics of 68.321 which are significant as indicated by p value of 0.000. The finding concluded that the independent variable of claimants’ expectation of compulsory land acquisition and compensation has the significance effect on c on their satisfaction which explained.
Keywords: Claimants, Compulsor Land Acquisition, Compensation, Satisfaction, Expectation.