SUB-SAHARA AFRICAN JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL STUDIES, TRENDS AND PRACTICE (SJESTP)
VOL. 27 (8) MARCH, 2023 ISSN: 2285-8565
Sub-Sahara African Academic Research Publications,
Centre for African Development Studies, University of Ibadan,
P. O. Box 10108, U. I. Post Office. Ibadan Oyo State, Nigeria, West-Africa.
E-GUIDANCE AND COUNSELLING IMPLEMENTATION CONSIDERATION FOR PERSONS WITH SPECIAL NEEDS DURING AND POST COVID-19 PANDEMIC IN NIGERIA FOR NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
*DORIS YAKUBU GOMOS; *MBAI MATLONG SYLVIA; & **JURMANG COMFORT ISUWA
*Department of Special Education and Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty of Education, University of Jos. **Social Studies Department, Federal College of Education Pankshin, Plateau State.
The trust of this paper exploit e-guidance and counselling implementation consideration for persons with special needs during and post Covid-19 period in Nigeria for National development. School closures due to coronavirus (COVID-19) are affecting learners/clients worldwide. Therefore, the prosperous concept of this paper is to ensure that the temporary measures of e-guidance and counselling benefits both learners/clients with or without special needs in rural and urban area and not to create inequality in the educational system in Nigeria. The paper states that e-guidance and counselling of persons with special needs could be done through: What’s App, Zoom, Skype, You-Tube, we-Chat, Tik Tok, facebook, phone calls, SMS message, radio, television, e-mails, internet as medium of e-guidance and counselling and to maintaining good interpersonal communications among others as significant factors that will help to bridge the gap between learners/clients with special needs in rural and urban areas. The roles of stakeholders is to facilitate measures that is all encompassing that will motivate counsellors, special educators and others in exploring new online curricula modalities as a temporary measures to facilitate and promote e-guidance and counselling among others. Thus, the challenges of e-guidance and counselling facing Nigeria learners/clients with special needs need a collaborative effort in ameliorating their plight. Hence, this paper discussed the meaning of e-guidance and counselling, the concept of Covid-19 and e-counselling, Covid-19 challenges and e-guidance and counselling, Covid-19 and technological aids in e-guidance and counselling, roles of stakeholders and effective implementation of e-guidance and counselling during the Covid-19, factors that will aid e-guidance and counselling, and the general e-guidance and counselling process in Nigeria educational system.
Keywords: Persons with special needs, covid-19 pandemic, e-guidance and counselling.
TEACHERS’ PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT AND STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT IN PUBLIC SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS OF NORTH CENTRAL STATES, NIGERIA
DR UWALEKE, GLADYS CHINELO; YAKUBU SANI Ph.D; AND SAMSON WILFRED INCHITIWA
Nasarawa State University, Keffi. Nigeria, Faculty of Education, Department of Educational Management
The study focused on the assessment of the Teachers’ Professional Development and Students’ Academic Achievement in Public Senior Secondary Schools of North Central States, Nigeria. The study was guided by three research questions with the corresponding three objectives and three hypotheses. The research design used for this study was the descriptive survey research design. The population of the study consisted of 45, 922 subjects. The sample size of the study consisted of 4305 respondents. The researcher’s self-developed instrument that consisted of 32 items was used for data collection. The instrument was duly validated and it yielded 0.83 as a logical validity index. The instrument was pilot tested on 50 staff and the coefficient of internal consistency of 0.79 was obtained. Descriptive statistics of mean, standard deviation and simple percentage were used to answer the research questions while Pearson’s product moment correlation was used for testing the hypotheses. The major findings of the study indicated that there is a low significant relationship between workshops and conferences and students’ academic achievement in public senior secondary schools in North Central States, Nigeria, there is a low significant relationship between mentoring and students’ academic achievement in public senior secondary schools in North Central States, Nigeria and there is a low significant relationship between induction course and students’ academic achievement in public senior secondary schools in North Central States, Nigeria. The study recommended among others that various state ministries of education in the North Central of Nigeria should set aside special funds to organize workshops and sponsor teachers for conferences to help them acquire additional skills and knowledge on the modern teaching techniques and strategies that will help them to teach the students effectively to improve their academic achievement.
Keywords: Teachers, Professional Development, Staff Development, Conferences, Workshops and Students Academic Achievement.
EXAMINATION MISCONDUCT IN NIGERIAN SCHOOLS AND ITS CONSEQUENCES: CASE STUDY OF TAFA LOCAL GOVERNMENT SCHOOLS
*BAHAGO, SAMAILA BENEDICT; **GOTIP, NEHEMIAH WOKJI; ***LAWRENCE, LINUS BODAMS; & ****FADIPE, BAYO MICHAEL
*Department Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education, Veritas University Abuja. **Department of Arts and Social Science Education, Faculty of Education, Veritas University Abuja. ***Department Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education, Veritas University Abuja. ****Department Science Education, Faculty of Education, Veritas University Abuja.
The study investigated examination misconduct in Nigerian Schools and its consequences on the nation as a whole. The research focused on Tafa Local Government schools as a case study. Four research questions were raised for the study. The study used a descriptive survey research design. A total of 500 respondents were used as study’s sample, and the sample was chosen using the simple random sampling procedure. Descriptive survey research desined was used for the study. The data were collected using a questionnaire titled Causes and Consequences of Examination Malpractice Questionnaire (CCEMQ). The questionnaire was validated by two tests and measurement experts of the Department of Educational Foundations in Veritas University Abuja, Nigeria. The instrument’s reliability was done, and it revealed a Cronbach Alpha coefficient of 0.75. The obtained data were analysed using the mean to answer the research questions. The study discovered that the government’s continued lack of political will to implement Decree 20 of 1984, the Examination Malpractice Act 33 of 1999, and now the examination malpractice act of 2004 has resulted in an increase in examination malpractice in Nigeria. The study recommended that the component of decree 20 of 1984 that imposed a penalty of twenty-one years in prison without the possibility of a fine for a convicted offender should be included in the Examination Malpractice Act of 1999 and the malpractice act of 2004. Also, that the malpractice acts should be severely enforced, regardless of whose ox is gored.
Keywords: Consequence, education, examination, malpractice and school.
INFLUENCE OF SCHOOL VARIABLES AND THE MODERATING ROLES ON AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION STUDENT’S ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT IN FEDERAL UNIVERSITY CALABAR, NIGERIA
*ZHIRIN SUNDAY; *MELAYE RUFUS. O.; & **DANIEL HASSAN KEFAS,
*Dept. of Voc. & Technology Edu. Taraba State University, Jalingo. **Dept of Vocational Education. MAU Yola Adamawa State.
This study was conducted to investigate the Influence of School Variables and the Moderating Roles on Agricultural Education Student’s Academic Achievement in Federal University Calabar, Nigeria. The study adopted descriptive survey research design. The population of the study comprised of 76 respondents in 300 level in agricultural education programme was used. There was no sampling due to small size all the population was used as sample. Instrument for data collection was school variable and academic achievement questionnaire (SVAAQ). The data was analyzed using ANOVA to test the null hypothesis at 0.05 level of significance. The result of the null hypothesis showed that, there was a strong positive significant influence of moderating roles of classroom climate, teacher effectiveness, facility and structures on male students’ academic achievement in soil science in Federal University Calabar, Nigeria. And the result of null hypothesis four tested revealed no significant influence of moderating roles of health services on female students’ academic achievement in soil science in Federal University Calabar, Nigeria. Also, the result of null hypothesis five tested showed significant relationship between moderating roles of school location with size and academic achievement of agricultural education students in soil science in Federal University Calabar Nigeria. Based on the finding it was recommended that all federal universities through federal government should as a necessity make available conducive classroom climate; Engagement of quality and effective lecturers Facility and structure in our federal universities in Nigeria; are highly recommended for development and not necessary for academic achievement; and Health service care should be provided for all students of federal universities; for health is every students’ wealth.
Keywords: Students’ Academic Achievement, School Variables, Moderating Roles, Agricultural Education students.
TREND ANALYSIS OF STUDENTS PERFORMANCE IN ECONOMETRICS 2018-2022 IN NASARAWA STATE UNIVERSITY KEFFI, NIGERIA
DR SALIHU ABULLAHI GALLE1, USMAN VINTSEH ILIYA MONDAY1, SULEIMAN AGAHU IBRAHIM2
1Educational Research, Measurement & Evaluation Unit, Nasarawa State University Keffi, Nigeria. 2Department of Economics, College of Education Akwanga, Nasarawa State, Nigeria
The study investigated trend analysis of students’ performance in Econometrics 2018-2022 in Nasarawa State University Keffi, Nigeria. Two research questions and its corresponding hypotheses guided the study. The study adopted Ex-post factor research design and 1,750 Economics students (800 are B.Sc (ED) and 950 are B.Sc) where used as a sample size for the study through purposive sampling techniques. Examination Scores Records of Students Performance in Econometrics (ECO327, 414) (ESRSPE) 2018-2022 were used as an instrument. The ESRSPE was valid and reliable. Time series, mean was used to answered the research questions while ANCOVA and Sample t-test was used to test the hypotheses at the 0.05 level of significance. Findings revealed that there is a significant different is the percentage trend of students that obtained E-D grade, C-B grade and A grade in Nasarawa State University Keffi, Nigeria 2018-2022, which indicated about 75% of students passed Econometrics with E-D, 20% C-B grade, while 5% passed with A grade and there is a significant difference in the grade scores of B.Sc (ED) and B.Sc students’ performance that obtained E-D grade, C-B grade and A grade in Econometrics 2018-2022 was stochastic with random walk. Based on the findings, it was recommended that Econometrics extra lesson should be created for students to put more effort, Econometrics should be encouraging many strategies lecturing and teachers should be encouraged to allocate more time in learning of Econometrics to enable full coverage of the course syllabus.
Keywords: Trend Analysis, Students Performance, Econometrics, Grade, University
EFFECT OF GAME TEACHING METHOD ON STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN GEOMETRY CONCEPT OF MATHEMATICS IN AJAOKUTA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, KOGI STATE, NIGERIA
1SULE, SAMUEL SARDAUNA (Ph.D) & 2ZHEKABA IWA JONATHAN
1Department of Education, Faculty of Arts and Education, Yobe State University, Damaturu, Nigeria. 2Department of Science, Technology and Mathematics Education, Faculty of Education, Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Nigeria
This study investigated the effect of game teaching method on students’ academic performance in Geometry concept of Mathematics in Ajaokuta Local Government Area, Kogi State. Quasi-experimental research design was employed in the study. The target population of the study was 1,215 comprised all the senior secondary school two (SSS11) students in Ajaokuta Local Government Area, Kogi State. The study sample size was 120 students consisted of 70 males and 50 females from five schools in Ajaokuta Kogi State through purposive sampling procedure. An instrument titled “Geometry Performance Test (GPT) “was used for data collection. The reliability index of 0.83 for the instrument was determined using Pearson’s product moment correlation coefficient (PPMCC). The study was guided by two research questions with corresponding null hypotheses. Data collected were analyzed using Means, Standard deviations and ANCOVA. The findings of the study revealed that students taught the concept of Geometry using game teaching method performed better than their counterparts who were taught using conventional method. Based on the findings therein, the study recommended that Mathematics teachers should always adopt game teaching method in teaching the concept of Geometry in secondary schools. Conclusively, game teaching method as an instructional strategy facilitates or enhances students’ academic Performance on Geometry better than the use of conventional method.
Keywords: Mathematics; Geometry; Students’ academic performance; Game teaching method
BANDITRY LUCRATIVE INDUSTRY THAT LEADS TO THE DECLINE OF BASIC EDUCATION IN NIGERIA: A PHILOSOPHICAL PERSPECTIVE
*ABDULKADIR MUHAMMAD RUWAH; **KABIRU FARUK; & ***NASIRU ABUBAKAR TAMBUWAL
*Department of Educational Management, Faculty of Education, Shehu Shagari University of Education, Sokoto, Nigeria. **Department of Mathematics, Shehu Shagari University of Education, Sokoto, Nigeria. ***Federal Government College, Sokoto,
Armed banditry has been a source of national security and public concern in Nigeria’s North-West area, particularly in Zamfara, Katsina, Kaduna, Sokoto, Kebbi, and Niger States, where it poses a threat to human security and education. The resilience of armed bandit groups operating in the affected States in the face of the dominant military approach to quelling the bandits’ violent activities necessitates a multi-pronged approach that includes dialogue, coordinated community policing, and a civil-military support structure as critical tools for addressing the threats. Except for the employment of sophisticated weaponry and tremendous bloodshed, the situation has remained unchanged. Nigeria’s lack of technological development has caused the Army to use foreign-made military hardware and software, making it unable to perform crucial security tasks such as profiling and biometric authentication. This has posed serious dangers to the protection of lives and property, as well as the nation’s existence. Armed banditry in Northwest Nigeria is caused by border permeability, weapons, ungoverned areas, youth unemployment, and poverty. The level of conspiracy present in Nigerian politics, spurred by ethno religious emotions, hinders government efforts to find a long-term solution to banditry in the nation, particularly in Northwestern regions. The paper recommends that Government should enable them to face the bandits head-on, the government should bolster the security staff by providing them with cutting-edge weapons, communication devices, and logistics. To reach the area’s hidden nooks and crannies and flush out these criminals, the security network should include local vigilantes who are knowledgeable about the terrain of the huge, ungoverned forest. Government should foster an environment that will allow young people to find gainful employment.
Keywords: Banditry, Education, Basic Education Philosophical perspectives and Banditry Lucrative industry
EDUCATIONAL GERONTOLOGY AS A STRATEGY FOR PREPARING LECTURERS IN RIVERS STATE-OWNED UNIVERSITIES TOWARDS ACTIVE RETIREMENT
DAEREGO I. TAYLOR (PhD)1, DAVID B. JACK 2, AND KEVIN C. WAMI (PhD)3
Department of Adult Education & Community Development. Rivers State University, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
This study examined educational gerontology as a strategy for preparing lecturers in Rivers State-Owned universities towards active retirement. The study was guided by three objectives from which three research questions were derived. The research design adopted in this study was the descriptive survey design with a population of 196 lecturers and educational gerontology experts. This comprises 186 lecturers of the Faculties of Education in the two universities owned by Rivers State Government which are Rivers State University (RSU) and Ignatius Ajuru University of Education (IAUOE) and 10 educational gerontology experts. The entire population was taken as a census without sampling due to the small and manageable size of the population. The instrument for data collection in this study was a self-structured questionnaire titled “Educational Gerontology as a Strategy for Preparing Lecturers Towards Active Retirement Questionnaire” The face and content validity of the instrument was determined by two experts. The internal consistency of the instrument was determined using the Cronbach Alpha method. Reliability coefficients of 0.86, 0.81 and 0.84 were obtained. The findings of the study revealed that health education, financial literacy and retirement education as aspects of educational gerontology prepare lecturers in Rivers State owned universities towards active retirement. Based on the findings of the study it was recommended among others that government should make the practice of educational gerontology compulsory for university lecturers.
Keywords: Gerontology, Educational Gerontology, Retirement
BASIC SCIENCE TEACHERS CONPLIANCE AND COMPETENCE LEVEL (CCL) IN INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) IN JALINGO METROPILIS TARABA STATE, NIGERIA
*CHRISTINA TANKO AUDU (Ph.D); & **DANIEL IMOKEN-ASI AUDU
*Department of Science Education, Taraba State University, Nigeria. **School Of Science and Technology, Taraba State Polytechnic.
The study investigated Basic Science Teachers Compliance and Competence level (CCL) in Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Jalingo Metropolis Taraba State, Nigeria. A cross sectional survey design was employed for the study. The population comprised all 3,600 Basic Science and Technology teachers in Jalingo metropolis. The sample consisted of 256 teachers randomly selected in both government and private secondary schools in the study area. Basic Science Teachers Compliance and Competence Inventory (BSTCCI) was used for data collection. The instrument was validated by three experts, two in Science Education and one in Test and Measurement. The reliability coefficient of the instrument was determined using Cronbach alpha and internal consistency of instrument was obtained as 0.86. The data collected was analyzed using mean and standard deviation (SD). While the three null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance using independent t-test. The findings of the study revealed that Basic Science teachers ICT compliance level in GSS and PSS is to a moderate extent. Basic Science teachers’ competence level in GSS and PSS is discovered to be low as teachers can only browse the internet, use projectors during lessons, and use online curriculum in both schools to a lesser extent. Gender has a significant influence on Basic Science teachers’ use of ICT, as female Basic Science teachers operate personal computers and android or iPhones and browse the internet to a great extent compared to their male counterparts who operate to a moderate extent. It was recommended based on the findings that; the government through the Taraba State Ministry of Education (MOE) and State Universal Basic Education Boards (SUBEB) together with the Association of private school owners should ensure that: Basic Science teachers in both GSS and PSS should comply with ICT multimedia tools in the process of teaching the subject to a great extent. Basic Science teachers’ competence level in both GSS and PSS should be raised to a great extent, so that they can be able to browse the internet, use projectors during lessons, use online curriculum effectively. Both male and female Basic Science teachers should use ICT multimedia tools effectively during lessons.
Keywords: ICT, compliance, Competence, Science & Teachers
AVAILABILITY AND UTILISATION OF SUBSCRIBED DATABASES AS CORRELATES OF AGRICULTURAL POSTGRADUATE STUDENTS ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT IN FEDERAL UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES IN NORTH- CENTRAL NIGERIA
MUSA ABDULLAHI KINTA; & DR. ONWUKANJO, S. A.
The aim of this study was to investigate availability and utilisation of subscribed databases as correlates of agricultural postgraduate students’ academic achievement in federal universities libraries in north- central Nigeria. The study formulated two objectives and some responding research questions as well. It adopted a descriptive survey design and target population of 2463 agricultural postgraduate students from the 4 Federal Universities in North-Central Nigeria offering postgraduate studies in agriculture out of six. Questionnaire was the instrument used for data collection. Three hundred and thirty-five (335) copies of the questionnaires were distributed and three hundred and seventeen (317) copies of questionnaires were returned; representing a return rate of 95%. The data collected were analyzed using Descriptive statistics such as frequency count, mean and standard deviation. The decision rule for research questions one through five was based on whether the mean score value was lower than or equal to and above the criterion mean value of 2.50 for either rejection or acceptance. The findings of the study revealed that the respondents agreed that academic achievement of agricultural postgraduate students are determined by quiz, test, examination performance, seminar presentation, individual and group presentations The evaluation of the availability of subscribed databases is pertinent to the academic achievement of agricultural postgraduate students. It is important for academic libraries to subscribe to scholarly databases. The study recommended that there is need to put in place strategies that will increase the trust in the electronic information resources among the postgraduate students to improve its use. Also, effort should be made to acquire resources from reputable publishers; this will further build the trust in the resources and consequently increase the usage.
Keywords: University Libraries, online database, postgraduate students, availability, utilisation
FUNDING AND MANAGEMENT OF UNIVERSAL BASIC EEDUCATION PROGRAMME OF JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN FEDERAL CAPITAL TERRITORY, ABUJA, NIGERIA
YAKUBU SANI Ph.D; DR. PETER EMAKPOR CHUKS; & MARK GLORIA LAMISHI
Nasarawa State University, Keffi. Nigeria, Faculty of Education, Department of Educational Management
The study focused on funding and management of UBE programme in junior secondary schools in Federal Capital Territory, Abuja. The study was guided by three research questions and three null hypotheses. The research design used for this study was correlational survey research design. The population of this study consisted of 5193 teachers. The sample size of this study consisted of 357 teachers. The instrument used for data collection was the researchers self-designed questionnaire called ‘‘Questionnaire on Funding and Management of Universal Basic Education’ (QFMUBE). The instrument was duly validated and it yielded 0.75 as validity index. The instrument was pilot tested on 20 teachers in GSS Kuje and the coefficient of internal consistency of 0.76 was obtained. Descriptive statistics of mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions while Pearson’s product moment correlation was employed to test all the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study indicated that there is a low significant relationship between funding and provision of infrastructural facilities in junior secondary schools in FCT, Abuja, here is a low significant relationship between funding and provision of instructional materials in junior secondary schools in FCT, Abuja and there is a low significant relationship exists between funding and employment of teachers in junior secondary schools in FCT, Abuja. One of the recommendations of the study was that The Federal Capital Territory Secondary Education Board should solicit for special intervention funds from international organizations, advanced countries and other donor agencies such as United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), African Union (AU), European Union (EU), the United States of America, the United Kingdom among others to facilitate effective management of secondary schools in Federal Capital Territory.
Keywords: Funding, Management, Provision of Infrastructural Facilities, Employment of Teachers and Provision of Instructional Materials.
POLICY ANALYSIS OF THE SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL ISLAMIC STUDIES CURRICULUM
Department of Curriculum & Instruction, School of Education, A.D.Rufa’i College of Education, Legal & General Studies, Misau, Bauchi State
The paper seeks to presents policy analysis of the Senior Secondary School Islamic Studies curriculum. Policy analysis requires assessing a curriculum in terms of its relevance or relationship to a broader set of social or educational policies. Policy analysis is after seeking whether the curriculum is in conformity or disarray with the known laid down social and educational policies. The paper concludes that the revised 2013 Senior Secondary School Islamic Studies curriculum is responding to the educational policies of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (FRN), National Policy on Education (NPE, 2014), National Economic Empowerment and Development Strategy (NEEDS), and Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Lastly, the paper suggests among which the Senior Secondary School Islamic Studies curriculum should be revised, most relevant themes and sub themes, topics and sub topics should be incorporated in order to make the curriculum more adequate, rich and responsive to the ground goals and policies that it was made to respond to.
Keywords: policy analysis, senior secondary school, Islamic studies, curriculum, NEEDS, MDG’s.
EFFECT OF TEACHER QUALITY AS DETERMINANT OF STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN SOUTHERN KADUNA SENATORIAL DISTRICT OF KADUNA STATE
*FRANCIS EPHRAIME RIKICHI (PhD); **MRS. SUZANA JAMES; & ***YOHANNA IBRAHIM
*Department of Curriculum and Instruction, Kaduna State College of Education, Gidan Waya. **Department of Special Needs Education, Kaduna State College of Education, Gidan Waya. ***Department Psychology, Kaduna State College of Education, Gidan Waya
This study investigated teachers’ quality as determinant of students’ academic performance in secondary schools in Southern Kaduna Senatorial District of Kaduna State. In pursuance of this course, two (2) research questions were raised and two of them were answered that were not hypothesized while two (2) hypotheses were formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. A correlational research based on survey research design was adopted. The population for this study consisted of 418 Mathematics and English Language teachers in secondary schools in Southern Kaduna Senatorial District of Kaduna State. Eighty-four (84) Mathematics and English Language teachers in secondary schools were sampled. The checklists titled: “Students’ Academic Performance Checklist (SAPC)” and Teacher Quality Checklist (TQC) were used for data collection. The analysis of the result was carried out using frequencies, percentages and Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient. The results revealed that level of teacher quality in secondary schools in Southern Kaduna Senatorial District of Nigeria was high, there was average level of students’ academic performance in secondary schools in Southern Kaduna Senatorial District of Kaduna State, Teacher quality and academic qualification had no significant influence on students’ academic performance. It was recommended among others that principals should ensure that the potentials of the teachers are well harnessed and utilized to reflect the true picture of their quality in the academic achievement of students.
KEYWORDS: Teacher Quality, Determinant, Effect, Students’, Senatorial District, Academic Performance.
ETHNOSCIENCE-ENRICHED INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGY AND THE TRADITIONAL TEACHING APPROACH- A PARADIGM SHIFT
1HASSAN ABDULLAHI MISAU, 2GARBA ABDULMUMINI & 3GARBA SHEHU
1School Of Remedial And Continuing Education (SORCE), College Of Education, Legal And General Studies Misau, Bauchi State 2&3Chemistry Department Aminu Saleh College Of Education, Azare Bauchi State
Science teaching and learning today is faced with myriad of challenges and problems among which is persistent poor performance of students in public examinations such as WAEC, JAMB, NECO and NABTEB. Many researchers in Science education attributed this problem to poor method of teaching being employed by science teachers in classrooms, specifically, the excessive use of lecture teaching method. Hence, they suggest the need to employ the use of more innovative and more learner-centered teaching approaches, among which is ethnoscience-enriched instructional strategy. This paper examined the meaning and efficacy of this instructional strategy over the lecture method of teaching and review some empirical studies conducted on it and finally in the conclusion part recommend its usage to our science teachers as a solution to the problem of poor student’s performance in sciences.
Keywords: Ethnoscience-Enriched Instructional Strategy, Traditional Teaching, Approach, Paradigm Shift
ATTITUDE OF FEMALE STUDENTS TOWARDS ABORTION AND CONTRACEPTION
ADEYEMO, S. O.; DURUOJINKEYA P.U.; OKEREKE, C.B.; AND UKAIGWE, C.C.
Mathematics and Statistics Department, Federal Polytechnic, Nekede, Owerri, Imo State.
This research critically examined the attitude, knowledge and practice of abortion and contraception among female Nigerian tertiary institution students using Federal Polytechnic, Nekede as a case study. A primary data was collected using a multiple-choice structured questionnaire administered to three hundred and eighty-five (385) respondents. Descriptive statistics of the data was obtained and Chi square test of independence were used to analyze the data. The study shows that although a significant proportion of students resort to abortion to solve their problem of unwanted pregnancy, liberalized abortion was opposed by a majority (82.3%). Although majority of the students are sexually active, the knowledge of contraception is very low and that explained the reason for the increasing rate of abortion among them. It was also discovered that students’ attitudes towards the practice of sex, abortion and the use of contraceptives is independent on their age and relationship status. Nigerian adolescents generally have low levels of contraceptive use, but their reliance on unsafe abortion is high, and results in many abortion-related complications. From the findings, it can be concluded that students’ attitudes towards abortion and contraceptive usage are not influenced by their age, sex and relationship status. It is recommended that abstinence from sex is indeed the best way of preventing abortion. However, government should review the laws that forbade abortion in the country.
Keywords: Abortion, female students, contraception, relationship status, attitude of female students.
LECTURERS’ ICT COMPETENCY SKILLS AND JOB EFFECTIVENESS IN UNIVERSITIES IN BAUCHI STATE
*ZUWAIRA AHMED ABDULLAHI; *YUNUSA MUSA ZAKARI; **HADIZA BASHIR; *AZIZATU ALIYU; & ***SALISU UMAR
*Department of Educational psychology, School of Education, Aminu Saleh College of Education Azare, Bauchi State. **Department of Primary Education, School of Early childhood care and Primary Education. ***Department of Economics, Aminu Saleh College of Education Azare, Bauchi State
This study investigates lecturers’ ICT competency skills and job effectiveness in Universities in Bauchi State, Nigeria. Four specific objectives and four research questions guided the study. Similarly, four null hypotheses were formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study covered lecturers’ ICT competency skills and job effectiveness in Universities in Bauchi State, Nigeria. The design for the study was descriptive survey and the population was 1353 academic staff. Sample for the study comprise of 434 academic staff were used for the study. The instrument for data collection was a 4-points structured questionnaire developed by the researcher titled “University Lecturers’ ICT Competency Skills and Job Effectiveness Questionnaire (ULICTSJEQ) that was adapted for the study. The instrument was validated by three experts. The data collected from pilot study was analyzed using Cronbach Alpha method for reliability test and reliability co-efficient of 0.71 was obtained. The instrument was administered to the target respondents using direct approach and the researcher was assisted by three research assistants. Mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions, while Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC) was used to test the null hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study revealed among others that the acquisition and possession of ICT competencies in word processing, spreadsheet, graphic, E-book, E-journals, E-news, E-magazines, E-conferencing and internet by lecturers will greatly enhance the realization of stated objectives of business education and other academic programmes in tertiary institutions in Nigeria. Based on the findings, the study recommended, among others, Conducive working environments with adequate ICT teaching resources should be provided for the realization of the educational goals and objectives in Bauchi state universities. Therefore, ICT competencies in word processing, spreadsheet, graphic and internet should be used for retaining of teachers and lecturers for effective use of ICTs for teaching and learning in Bauchi State Universities.
CLASSICAL SCHOLARLY HOMES AND THEIR CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE REFORMATION OF ISLAMIC TEACHING AND LEARNING IN BAUCHI STATE
*MUHAMMAD MUJTABA ABDULKADIR, PHD; **DR. MUHAMMAD AUWAL SULAIMAN; *AUWAL GAMBO PALI; & *GARBA ABUBAKAR UMAR
*School of Undergraduate, Islamic Studies Department, A D Rufa’I College Of Education, Legal & General Studies, Misau Bauchi State. **School of General Studies Abubakar Tatari Ali Polytechnic, Bauchi
Scholars had often established fully teaching activities in the field of Islamic and Arabic studies, according to time and ability. They have rendered their contributions in teaching profession upon time to their communities and through this they secured the classical mode of Islamic and Arabic teaching and learning, in spite some challenges. their endeavor offered additional ground in planting the specialization in Islamic and Arabic scholarship in different places in Northern Nigeria prior to and after Shaykh Uthman bn Foduye’s Jihad, till today their roles is been witnessed through Tsangaya and Zaure system of education by using traditional pedagogy through classical activities. The functioning of the system necessitates the possibility of formalizing such legacy left to the later generation. This topic precisely shades light on the features of traditional Islamic education and possible ways to be followed in formalizing its pedagogy and curriculum for upgrading as an established system for learning Islamic and Arabic studies. The outlined solutions in this research may contribute in harnessing together to drive the policies upon which Government may wish to adopt because such centres is a place for acquiring both Islamic and Arabic knowledge serve like a department in modern university faculties. This, as an attractive system of learning is adopted in most of Northern States thus, it became a legacy to be maintained and upgraded based on time and climate change
TEACHING FUNCTIONS IN THE CONTEXT OF ELT: AN OVERVIEW OF TENSE
HANNATU FIBEMI MAKKA
School of Business Management and Technology, Department of General Studies, English Unit, Federal Polytechnic Bali, Taraba State
This paper focuses on teaching functions of absolute tenses in addition to forms and meanings in the context of English Language Teaching (ELT). There is need to incorporate teaching functions of tense instead of teachers to concentrate on forms and meanings only. Observations indicate that L2 learners face too many challenges in respect of reasons or specific functions for using linguistic elements such as absolute tense. For instance, “will” is mostly taught to be future tense marker and it simply tells us about the action which is to take place in the future. However, if the language practitioners limit the teaching of English tenses on only form and meaning, it is tantamount to damaging the integrity of the communication due to inadequate linguistic competence for the various functions the absolute tenses perform. So using the form of language such as “will” and other absolute tenses could be difficult. Therefore, teaching English tense is not all about focusing on forms and meanings only but functions should also be inclusive. The method employs in this work is secondary which depends on sources of information from journals, textbooks, seminars and e-materials. The result unveils that teaching absolute tense with more focus on functions is quite significant since it demonstrates why each form of tense is used in English. This paper intends to equip practitioners, researchers, L2 learners, curriculum developers and any interesting individual or organisation with the idea of functions for teaching or using absolute tenses in English.
Keywords: Teaching, L2 learners, Tense, Absolute tense, Timelines, PPP method