SUB-SAHARA AFRICAN JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL STUDIES, TRENDS AND PRACTICE (SJESTP)
VOL. 24 (8) JUNE, 2022 ISSN: 2285-8565
Sub-Sahara African Academic Research Publications,
Centre for African Development Studies, University of Ibadan,
P. O. Box 10108, U. I. Post Office. Ibadan Oyo State, Nigeria, West-Africa.
PERCEIVED IMPACT OF GUIDANCE AND COUNSELLING SERVICES ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN KADUNA SOUTH LGA
*REV. FR. DR. BAHAGO SAMAILA; **MR. BAYO MICHAEL FADIPE; ***ASEMOTA RUTH; & ****EBERE, ANASTASIA T.
*Department Educational Foundations, Veritas University, Abuja **Department of Science, Faculty of Education, Veritas University, Abuja ***Department of Guidance and Counselling, University of Abuja ****OLA Convent, Nnebisi Rd. Asaba, Delta State.
There is a decline in the academic performance of secondary school students despite the inclusion of guidance and counselling in school system in Nigeria. As a result, Guidance and Counselling services are of utmost importance to address the academic, vocational, personal and social needs of the students. The abilities, skills and desired personalities are harnessed through effective Guidance and Counselling programmes. Accordingly, the study investigated the impact of guidance and counselling services on the academic performance of secondary school students in Kaduna South Local Government Area of Kaduna State, Nigeria. A student sample of 200, drawn from four Secondary Schools in Kaduna South Local Government Area of Kaduna State was used. To give a direction to the study, two research questions were raised and one hypothesis was formulated. The research was hinged on the social learning theory. Descriptive survey research was adopted by the researchers. It focused on describing the variables in the study. The researchers adopted simple random sampling method for selecting the participants. A research instrument was adopted to obtain necessary information in respect to the subject. The collated data were analyzed using mean and t-test. The findings from the test of hypotheses revealed that guidance and counselling have a significant impact on academic performance (t=4.037 df=183; significant value p = 0.000 < 0.05). It was recommended amongst others that guidance and counselling should be encouraged and promoted in all secondary schools beyond what is obtainable on ground. School administrators should employ the services of trained counselors in guidance and counselling and those without qualification should be encouraged to participate in seminars, workshops and conferences in guidance and counselling
Keywords: Guidance and Counselling Services, Academic Performance, Students and perceived Impact
EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AND TEACHERS’ JOB PERFORMANCE IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN NORTHERN SENATORIAL DISTRICT OF NASARAWA STATE, NIGERIA
Dr. YAKUBU SANI; Dr. UWALEKE, GLADYS CHINELO; & Dr. EMAKPOR PETER CHUKS
Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Faculty of Education, Department of Educational Management
The study focused on the educational resources management and teachers’ job performance in senior secondary schools in Northern Senatorial District of Nasarawa State, Nigeria. The study was guided by three research questions, three objectives and three null hypotheses. The research design used for this study was cross-sectional survey research design. The population of this study consisted of2605 teachers. The sample size of this study consisted of 602 (578 teachers and 24 principals) obtained from 24 secondary schools. The instrument used for data collection was a the researcher’s self-designed questionnaire called ‘Teachers’ Questionnaire on Educational Resources Management and Teachers’ Job Performance (TQERMTJP)’. The instrument was duly validated and it yielded 0.75 as validity index. The instrument was pilot tested on 20 teachers in GSS Wamba of 0.78 was obtained as the reliability index. Descriptive statistics of mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions while Pearson’s product moment correlation was employed to test all the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study indicated that there is a significant relationship between financial resource management and teachers’ job performance in senior secondary schools in Northern Senatorial District of Nasarawa State, there is a significant relationship between material resource management and teachers’ job performance in senior secondary schools in Northern Senatorial District of Nasarawa States and there is a significant relationship between human resource management and teachers’ job performance in senior secondary schools in Northern Senatorial District of Nasarawa States. One of the recommendations of the study was that the Nasarawa State’s Teachers’ Service Commission should enlighten the principals of the various secondary schools in through conferences, seminars and workshops to integrate Ibformation and Communication Technology into financial activities of their schools as such measure would help to enhance effective management of financial resources electronically as well as easy detection of fraudulent conducts assoiciated with financial misnagement.
Keywords: Educational Resources, Management, Teachers, Job Performance, Materials, Financial and Human Resources
PERCEIVED PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF STUDENTS ATTITUDE TOWARDS STUDY HABIT AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN POTISKUM METROPOLIS, YOBE STATE, NIGERIA
DR AHMAD TAHIR ADAMU KOKI
Department of Education, Faculty of Arts and Education, Yobe State University, Potiskum
This study examined the perceived psychological effects of students attitude toward study habit and academic performance in junior secondary schools in Potiskum, Metropolis, Yobe State, Nigeria. The study was guided with five objectives which were to determine perceived attitude toward study habits and .academic performance of Junior Secondary School Student in Potiskum Metropolis: level of academic performance among Junior Secondary School Students in Potiskum Metropolis; difference perceived attitude of students study habit and academic performance of Junior Secondary School Students in Potiskum according to gender; difference perceived attitude of students study habit and academic performance of Junior Secondary School Students in Potiskum according to age; difference between student study habit and their academic performance of Junior Secondary School Students in Potiskum based on school type (school ownership). Similarly, five research questions were answered and three research hypotheses were tested. The population of the students was all junior secondary school students in Potiskum Metropolis, Yobe State, out of which a sample size of three hundred and sixty four (364) was drawn through proportionate stratified sampling technique. The research instrument for data collection was adopted from Rezual and Sultna titled ”Study Habit Questionnaire ” with internal consistency coefficient of 0.91 and reliability’ index of 0.78.Data were analyzed using mean and standard deviation for the research questions 7o while ANOVA was used to test the three hypotheses. From the analysis of the data, the following findings were found: the perceived attitude of students study habit and academic performance was high; the level of academic .performance of Junior Secondary School Student was above average; there was significant difference in the perceived attitude of student study habit and academic performance according gender; there was no significant difference in the perceived attitude of student, study habit and academic performance according age; there is significant difference in the perceived attitude of student study habit and academic performance according school type. It was concluded that achievements can be attributed to the students’ attitude towards the study habit. It was recommended that school counsellors should give orientation to newly admitted student on effective study habit counselling to improve their academic performance. Similarly, school counsellors, teachers and school authorities should motivate, encourage otherwise enforce reading culture or “prep rime” into the curricula/” and equip the school with reading desk, efficient power supply and facilities that will motivate students to form good study habits in order to improve and achieve good academic performance. Counsellors, parents, and significant others should show appreciation for student strong points and identify their weaker area, then initiate corrective practices such as improvement of organizing time for study, lime management, visiting library: controlling of exam phobia as these would boost their morale.
Keywords: Academic Performance; Perceived Attitude; Attitude; Study Habit; School Type; Psychological
INFLUENCE OF SELF ESTEEM ON CHILDREN’S PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT
1TAHIR A. ABUBAKAR, 2OTENIYA MOJEEDGBENGA, 3YAHAYA HUSSAINI & 4IDI ABDUL
1Al-Qalam University Katsina, College of Education, Department of Arts and Social Sciences. 2Al-Qalam University Katsina, College of Education, Science and Vocational Department. 3Department of Educational Psychology, School of Education, AdamuTafawaBalewa College of Education, Kangere, Bauchi State. 4Kaduna State College of Education, Gidan Waya, Kafancha, Kaduna State.
The paper titled influence of self -esteem on children’s personality development. Self-esteem is the overall of how children feel about themselves and this determines their morality. Children who have low self-esteem about themselves may likely be brainwashed to indulge in immoral acts by their school mates who have high level of self-esteem. In Islamic psychology, the term self-esteem is used to describe a person’s overall subjective sense of personal worth or value. self-esteem is important because it contributes to psychological well-being, better relationships, good health, and a positive identity. High self-esteem helps children to approach life positively and set goals. It also helps them become self-motivated, confident, and successful. The most basic tasks for one’s mental, emotional and social health, which begins at infancy and continues until one dies, is the construction of positive self-esteem.Moral development is the process through which children develop proper attitudes and behaviors toward other people in society, based on Islamic, social and cultural norms, rules, and laws. Children formed their judgments about moral behaviour by having to do with other children in the society, this is because they cannot think on their own and their thinking is based on knowledge acquired from the teaching of Islam through the application of psychological techniques as methods of instruction.
Keywords: Children, Development, Influence, Personality, Self Esteem.
FACTORS AFFECTING THE USE OF COMPUTER IN TEACHING MATHEMATICS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN JALINGO LGA, TARABA STATE, NIGERIA.
*DR. ABIGAIL SETH KARFE; **AYUBA IBRAHIM; & ***CLEMENT VAKANG TARI
*Department of Guidance and Counseling, Taraba State University, Jalingo. **Department of Computer Science, College of Education, Zing, Taraba State. ***Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Taraba State Polytechnic, Jalingo Campus, Taraba State, Nigeria.
The study investigated factors affecting the use of computer in teaching and learning mathematics in secondary schools in Jalingo LGA. Three objectives and three research questions were raised to guide the study. The study used the sample of 180 respondents that cut across students, mathematics teachers and school administration in all the selected schools. Questionnaire was developed and validated by expert academics which was the source of data collection. Mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions, the results showed that lack of availability of mathematics software, inability of teachers to handle the computer software to teach mathematics, lack of power and technical knowhow constitute the factors affecting the use of computer to teach mathematics in secondary schools. The study therefore, recommends that education stakeholders in the country should finance provision of computers, power generator, mathematics computer software, and expand computer laboratories in all secondary schools. This will enhance the use of computers in the teaching and learning of mathematics. All mathematics teachers should be trained on using computers to teach mathematics due to lack of computer skills. The government should make curriculum re-design of the mathematics syllables to accommodate the use of computer in the teaching and learning of mathematics.
INFLUENCE OF SOCIAL MEDIA ON AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SOME SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN JALINGO LGA, TARABA STATE, NIGERIA
*DANIEL, HASSANA KEFAS (PhD); **MELAIYE, O, RUFUS (PhD); ***ANTYEV, MBAASHILIGHGA (PhD); ****CHUBOR, J, VICTOR & ****NAYAYA, ABAHURIRA GARBA
*Voc and Tech. Dept. MAU, YOLA. **Taraba State University Jalingo, Vocational and Technology Education Department. ***Dept. Of Animal Production, College of Agriculture, Jalingo. ****Department of Agricultural Education, School of Voc & Tech. Education, College of Education Zing
The study assessed the Influence of Social Media on Agricultural Science Students’ Academic performance in some selected Secondary Schools in Jalingo Metropolis. The theory underpinning this work is the theory of social constructivism. The work adopted a correlational-survey design, and a sample size of 248 respondents was determined from a population size of 1242 using the proportionate sampling technique. 248 copies of a structured questionnaire were distributed. 246 were retrieved and used in the analysis. A total of 209 copies, of which the respondents agreed to using social media, were used in answering the research questions and analysing the hypotheses. Mean and standard deviation were used in answering the research questions, while the Person Product Moment Correlation and T-test were used in testing the hypotheses. Person product moment correlation was used in examining the relationship between the independent and dependent variables, while T-test was used to determine if the level of relationship is significant a 0.05 level of significance. The result of the analysis showed a significant relationship between the dependent and the independent variables. Based on the findings, the study recommended that agricultural science students should be better educated on the use of social media, how to effectively use it and ability to strike a balance between the use of social media and their studies.
KEYWORDS’ Social media, Agricultural science, Academic, Performance
COMPARISON OF EFFECTS OF INQUIRY AND TASK-BASED METHODS ON PERFORMANCE IN ECONOMICS AMONG RURAL AND URBAN SECONDARY SCHOOLSTUDENTS IN IMO STATE, NIGERIA
*SHAIBU HASSANA; *EREJE JOSEPH; *EGGA BLESSING; & **KWASAU BITRUS SAMAILA
*Department of Curriculum and Instruction, Kaduna State College of Education Gidan Waya Kafanchan. **Department of Social Science and Humanities, Kaduna State College of Education Gidan Waya Kafanchan
This study was conducted on the comparison of the effects of Inquiry and Task-based methods on students’ performance in Economics on rural and urban schools. The design for the study was experimental design. The population of the study was ten thousand two hundred and forty four students of secondary schools in Imo state and the sample of the study was three hundred and six (306) students selected through purposive technique. Economics Students Inquiry and Task-based Performance Test (ESITPT) was used for data collection while t-test and Anova were used to analyse the data. The result shows no significant difference between effects of Inquiry and Task-based method on performance in Economics with(t=1.271, p=0.205), rural and urban schools taught using inquiry method ((F=2.856, P= .092) and rural and urban schools taught using Task-based method (F=.216, P=0642). Therefore, it was concluded that there is no significant difference in the effect of using either Inquiry or Task-based method on students’ performance both in rural and urban locations. Thus, it was recommended that both Inquiry and Task-based methods should be used by secondary school teachers to teach Economics in both rural and urban areas.
Keywords: Inquiry method, Task, Task-based method, Economics
UTILIZATION OF E-LEARNING TECHNOLOGIES FOR BUSINESS EDUCATION PROGRAMS IN HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS OF NORTHWESTERN NIGERIA
Department of Office Technology and Management Education, School Of Secondary Education (Business), Federal College of Education (Technical) Bichi
This study aimed at ivestigating the e-learning technologies utilized for business education programs in higher education institutions of Northwestern Nigeria. Being a descriptive survey, the study was conducted among a sample of 346 participants, comprising 305 students and 41 teachers from business education departments in 5 higher education institutions within Kano State – Northwestern Nigeria. The instrument of data collection was a structured questionnaire adapted from previously validated studies. Data analysis was performed with SPSS v22 and results have shown that out of the twenty-seven e-learning tools listed in the study, 12 (44%) were utilized in the institutions studied, while 15 (56%) were not utilized. The most commonly utilized tools were laptops, emails, flash drives, e-journals, smart phones, desktop computers, e-books, compact discs, television sets, digital video discs players, telephones and video clips. Result of the test of hypothesis has also shown that there is no significant difference between the mean responses of teachers and students on the utilization of e-learning technologies for business education programs in higher education institutions that participated in the study. The study recommended that the management of higher education institutions in Nigeria should introduce platforms for e-learning systems such as learning management systems, open courseware and modules to give individuals from different distant locations opportunity to access learning contents ubiquitously. The study also recommended that train the trainer workshops should be conducted more regularly for academic staff, students, and non-teaching staff to motivate the use of e-learning technologies in Nigerian higher education institutions.
Keywords: business education programs, e-learning technologies, higher education institutions, Nigeria, Information Communication Technologies
MALE EDUCATORS AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE WHOLE CHILD IN EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION.
DR ESTHER CHINEDU WORDU (PhD); ACHINIHI EZEKIEL ONWUBUCHE; & CHUKWUNEDUM JOSEPH IKENYIRI
Department of Early Childhood and Primary Education Studies, Federal College of Education (Technical), Omoku, Rivers State.
Early childhood education lacks male educators. This paves way to children being exposed to majorly female influence. The more male educators get into early childhood education, the more likely they are to develop the whole child. Two research questions and two corresponding null hypotheses guided the study. The population of the study was 700 male civil servants from which a sample of 10% was drawn. The study adopted a descriptive research. A set of Researcher – made Questionnaire was employed to obtain the needed data from the sample. The instrument was validated by experts with a reliability of 0.60. Percentage and t – test were used to answer the research questions and test null hypotheses respectively. The results indicate that male educators’ roles and pay package have influence on the development of the whole child. Based on the findings and conclusions, it was recommended that male educators’ roles and pay package be reviewed to attract more male educators into early childhood education in order to develop the whole child.
Keywords: Male educators’ roles, pay package, early childhood education and whole child.
ENTREPRENEURSHIP EDUCATION IN BUSINESS STUDIES CURRICULUM OF JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN OYO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS: DECISIVE MOVE TOWARDS BEEFING UP GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
Department of Business Education, School of Secondary Education (Vocational Technical Programmes), Oyo State College Of Education, Lanlate
This study was designed to determine the need for the introduction of entrepreneurship education in Business Studies curriculum of Junior Secondary Schools in Atiba and Oyo East Local Government Areas of Oyo State. Three research questions and a hypothesis were used. The population for the study comprised of fifty-two (52) Business teachers and a sample of entrepreneurs within the study areas. Data for the study were collected by means of a structured questionnaire, the reliability of the validated questionnaire was 0.84 which was done using Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation Coefficient. Mean and t-test were used to analyze the data. The result of the data analysis showed the need for the introduction of entrepreneurship education and financial management skills need for effective management of small scale business. Based on the findings, it was recommended that Business Studies curriculum should be restructured and Business Studies students be equipped with important financial management skills needed for successful small scale business in order to meaningfully contribute to the Gross Domestic Products.
Keywords: Entrepreneurship Education, Financial Management Skill, Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and Small Scale Business.
EFFECT OF CORONAVIRUS DISEASE (COVID-19) PANDEMIC ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN UNIVERSITY OF ABUJA – NIGERIA
1AHMED Aliyu Tanko, 2NDAM Dindul & 3MUHAMMAD Abari Usman
1Department of Business Administration & Management, Nasarawa, Nasarawa State – Nigeria. 3Bursary Department, Federal Polytechnic, Nasarawa, Nasarawa State – Nigeria. 2Department of Business Management, College of Arts, Science and Technology Kurgwi, Plateau State – Nigeria.
Students are expected to have a conducive environment for learning but academic activities in the University of Abuja was affected by coronavirus pandemic. This has led to poor service quality at the time that the service is seriously needed. The objective of the study is to investigate the effect coronavirus pandemic on academic performance of students in University of Abuja. The study used survey method and chi square was used to test the formulated hypotheses. Population of 4000 students with a sample of 364 students were drawn and findings revealed that lockdown, social distancing, use of facemask and the perception about Covid-19 pandemic have significantly affected the performance of students. The study recommended that University of Abuja should modify their strategy on the awareness campaign to educate the students on coronavirus pandemic and e-learning platforms should be used.
Keywords: academic activities, coronavirus disease 2019, lock-down, performance, social distancing.
ASSESSMENT OF IMPACT OF INSURGENCY ON TEACHERS AND STUDENTS IN PUBLIC SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN MAIDUGURI METROPOLIS, BORNO STATE, NIGERIA
Mohammed Goni College of Legal and Islamic Studies, P.M.B 1526, Maiduguri, Borno State,
The study assessed impact of insurgency on teachers and students in public senior secondary schools in Maiduguri Metropolis, Borno State, Nigeria. The objectives of the study were to assess the impact of Insurgency on teachers and impact of insurgency on students as well as government response on the impact on Insurgency on teachers and students in public senior secondary schools in Maiduguri Metropolis, Borno State. Three research questions were answered. Survey research design was adopted for the study. The population of the study constituted 16 public senior secondary schools in Maiduguri Metropolis, Borno state. The sample of the study comprised of 15 public senior secondary schools in the Metropolis and 15 principals. Questionnaire and checklist were used for data collection. The instruments were validated and pilot tested, while the results of the validity and pilot testing yielded a coefficient of 0.74. Frequency counts, percentages and mean and standard deviation were used to analyze the data. The results from the findings revealed that insurgency activities had not significantly affected both teachers and students in public senior secondary schools in Maiduguri Metropolis.This could be as a result, of tight security deployed to the schools throughout the insurgency periods, however, there was a positive government response to curtail the impact of the Insurgency. it was recommended that government should recruit new replace the lost teachers and complement the effort of existing teachers, also, government should create awareness for guardians to take their children to school considering the importance attached to educate despite the menace of the insurgents.
Keywords: Insurgency, Teachers, Students, Publics Senior Secondary Schools.
EFFECTS OF ADDIE AND DICK &CAREY TEACHING INSTRUCTIONAL MODELS ON STUDENTS’ RETENTION IN MOTOR VEHICLE MECHANIC WORK IN TECHNICAL COLLEGES IN NORTH – CENTRAL, NIGERIA
DR ALI, AWALU MALIKI; ANDREW HARRIS GANDU; AHMAD MUHAMMAD DANJUMA
Department of Technical Education, School of Vocational and Technical Education, Kaduna State College Education Gidan Waya, Kafanchan
This study was undertaken to determine the effects of Addie and Dick and Carey teaching instructional models on technical college student’s retention in Motor Vehicle Mechanics Work. The study was carried out in North – Central, Nigeria. Two research questions and two hypotheses guided the study. The population for the study was 1011 National Technical Certificate Year Two students (NTC II) 2019/2020 session made up of 778 males and 233 females. The sample for the study was 99 drawn through purposive sampling technique. The instrument used for data collection was a 40- multiple choice objective Motor Vehicle Mechanics Work Retention Test (MOVMEWORT), which was the same as the achievement test, except for the fact that, the items in the achievement test were re-organized. The instrument was validated by 5 experts from the department of Industrial and Technical Education, University of Nigeria, Nsukka. The Kuder Richardson 20 (K-R20) method was employed to determine the internal consistency of the instrument which yielded a coefficient of 0.82. The mean was used to analyse data relating to the research questions while the ANCOVA was employed to analyzing data relating to the test of hypotheses. The result of the study indicated among others that students taught using Dick and Carey Model performed academically higher in MVMW than their counterparts taught using the Addie instructional Model.
Keywords: teaching, models, retention, effect, motor vehicle
THE IMPORTANT OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY ON ACADEMIC PRODUCTIVITY OF LIBRARIAN IN FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC BALI LIBRARY
Federal Polytechnic Bali, Library Department, Taraba State.
The objectives of this study was to investigate the important of information and communication technology on academic productivity of librarian in federal polytechnic Bali library, Taraba State. Four objectives were raised to examine the availability of ICT equipment to academic librarian staff in federal polytechnic Bali, to investigate the level of use of ICT facilities in the higher institution of learning in federal polytechnic Bali, to find out the important of ICT on academic librarian performance in federal polytechnic Bali and to investigate the problem encountered by use of ICT on academic performance by librarian in federal polytechnic Bali library. This research adopts survey research techniques or design, and random sampling techniques or method, with well-structured questionnaire, a data were collected from (40) of the respondents comprising of all the librarian or staff that constituted the sample for the study. The study reveals that majority of the librarian or staff indicates that the level of use of ICT facilities in the federal polytechnic Bali Library is very poor, most of the librarian or staff lack the knowledge of ICT in the federal Polytechnic Bali Library, majority of the librarian or staff of the federal polytechnic Bali library states that they doesn’t have internet network and majority of the staff or librarian mention that the federal polytechnic library doesn’t have constant electricity power (NEPA or Generator). It was recommended that the library management should encourage the librarian in uses of ICT facilities or equipment in the federal polytechnic Bali library, the library management/ polytechnic should send staff or librarian for ICT training and retraining on ICT because is seen as a way of promoting educational changes, the management of the library/ polytechnic management should try and provide constant internet network for the library and finally, the management should also try and provides uninterrupted power supply to the federal polytechnic Bali library in order to achieve its desire objectives
THE CHALLENGES OF AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT WITH THE USE OF AFRICAN INDIGENOUS LANGUAGES FOR ICT, MATHEMATICS, SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; YORUBA, HAUSA AND IGBO LANGUAGES OPTION
*I.K. OJUOPE; **A.O. ADETUNMBI; ***O.E. OYINLOYE,
*Department of Computer Science, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare, Bauchi State, Nigeria. **Department of Computer Science, Federal University of Technology, Akure, P.M.B. 704, Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria. ***Department of Computer Science, Ekiti State University, Ado Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria
Prior to the advent of Europeans, all the Nigerian ethnic groups had their own distinctive cultures, traditions, languages and indigenous system of education. Their medium of instruction was their tongue (Fafunwa, 1996) as Reported by (Ojuope et al., 2021). The first formal (western) education was introduced in Nigeria in1843 by Christian missionaries; their aim was to convert the heathen African to Christianity through education. Nigerian formal education was patterned after the English system. The emphasis was on ‘English’ both in thought and culture ability to speak English fluently was considered the hallmark of excellence; and fast majority of Africans most especially Nigerians cannot read and write in English Language (Fafunwa, 1996) as Reported by (Ojuope et al., 2021). This among other things makes access to Information Technology (IT), Mathematics, Science and Technology a difficult task for this category of people. The inception of COVID 19 Corona virus pandemic disease has brought about the challenge of using virtual method of teaching Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Mathematics, Science and Technology a necessity where teaching and learning becomes virtual. This paper focuses on The Challenges of African Development with the use of African Indigenous Languages for ICT, Mathematics, Science and Technology; Yoruba, Hausa and Igbo Languages option. The use of indigenous language will go a long way to increase the scientific skills of those that cannot read and write in English language. It will also help the physically challenged individuals that have little or no access to quality education as a result of difficulties they face in learning and comprehension. From the report of World Health Organization (WHO) and World Bank (2011), physically challenged persons consist a significant proportion of the world’s population, about 15%. The paper observes the degree of efficiency of the use of African Indigenous Languages for ICT, Mathematics, Science and Technology. The design and methodology was based on the research work we carried out in one of the government school for handicap children in Nigeria. From the cognitive ability testing of the research, we found out that the students learn faster and easier with the use of Yoruba developed applications than English Language developed applications. Base on this, the use of African Indigenous Languages for ICT, Mathematics, Science and Technology is highly imperative.
Keywords: African Development, Indigenous Language, ICT, Mathematics, Science, Technology, Virtual System, Education.
INSTRUCTIONAL APPROACHES, ENTREPRENEURIAL COMPETENCIES DEVELOPMENT AND BUSINESS EDUCATION STUDENTS’ INTENTION TO BE SELF-EMPLOYED AFTER GRADUATING FROM DEGREE AWARDING INSTITUTIONS IN RIVERS STATE
ABDULKARIM, ADEBISI MUSA Ph.D.
Department of Marketing Education, School of Secondary Education (Business), Federal College of Education (Tech.), Omoku, Rivers State, Nigeria
This study investigated instructional approaches, entrepreneurial competencies development and Business Education students’ intention to be self-employed after graduating from degree awarding institutions in Rivers State. Four specific purposes, three research questions and one hypothesis were posed to guide the study. Descriptive survey research design using quantitative approach was adopted for this study. The population and sample of the study was made up of 359 undergraduate final year Business Education students from four degree awarding institutions in Rivers State who offered Entrepreneurship Education during the 2020/2021 academic year. A researcher’s developed structured questionnaire was used for the study. The face validated instrument was subjected to reliability using Cronbach alpha. The computation gave an average reliability index of 0.76 for the three clusters within the instrument. Only 342 copies of the instrument administered were successfully filled and retrieved from the respondents, this was made up of 95% of the entire number of copies administered. Data collected for the study were analysed using descriptive statistics of mean and standard deviation to answer the research questions. Multiple Linear Regression (MLR) was used test the hypothesis at 0.05 level of significant. The results revealed that instructional approaches used for Entrepreneurship Education are conventional approach and experiential approach. The results also revealed that Business Education students agreed to have developed entrepreneurial competencies after being exposed to entrepreneurship education. The results also revealed that to a high extent Business Education students exposed to EE intend to be self-employed after graduation and this was significantly predicted by the instructional approaches used for EE and the entrepreneurial competencies developed by Business Education students. Based on the findings, the following recommendation was among others, that Centre for Entrepreneurship Development in degree awarding institutions in collaboration with Entrepreneurship Educators should provide opportunity for Business Education students to exploit adding value to local products through innovative competition as this will go a long way to stimulate their interest in taking risk and learning through fun.
Keywords: instructional approaches, entrepreneurial knowledge, entrepreneurial skills, and entrepreneurial attitude
LIBRARY ANXIETY AMID FRESH UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS: A CASE STUDY OF FACULTY OF TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION, ABUBAKAR TAFAWA BALEWA UNIVERSITY, BAUCHI
KHALID AYUBA ABDULLAHI (Ph.D)
Department of Library and Information Science, Faculty of Technology Education, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Bauchi, Nigeria.
Purpose: The intention of this study is to scrutinize the effect of Library anxiety on the academic performance of fresh undergraduate students at the faculty of technology education, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Bauchi. A questionnaire was designed and distributed among 181 students of the faculty of technology education, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Bauchi. 171 questionnaires were collected with a response rate of 96%. based on Krejcie and Morgan’s (1970) table of sample size determination. The findings show that the students particularly fresh undergraduate students were more anxious about library staff than other factors. Therefore, it can be incidental that the attitude of library staff made a noteworthy influence to the degree of library anxiety among students, that led these students incapable to utilize library resources and services meritoriously. Such behaviour correspondingly made students’ perceptions that librarians are unapproachable Hence, added to other areas of library anxiety-such as non-use or avoidance of the library by students and the host of others. The finding of this study is supportive for other faculties at the Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University (ATBU). The study is really exceptional as there is no other studies been conducted by someone earlier at this faculty. This study further offers a rounded literature on the same issue.
Keywords: Library Anxiety, Fresh Undergraduate Students, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Librarian behaviour.
INVESTIGATION INTO THE QUALIFICATIONS OF ENGLISH TEACHERS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN TARAUNI LOCAL GOVERNMENT, KANO STATE
AISHA RABI’U DANSHARIF1 & MUHAMMAD LAWAL LAMIDO 2
This study was about Investigation into the qualifications of English teachers in secondary schools in Tarauni Local Government, Kano State. The study adopted the descriptive research design. The area of the study covered Tarauni Local Government Kano State of Nigeria. The Sample Size of the study comprised 113 respondents and it was chosen in accordance with the recommendation of Research Advisor (2006) from population of 150 English teachers. Random sampling technique was employed to select the participants. Data was collected by the researchers who developed questionnaire for the respondents. The instrument was validated by three experts from Al-Qalam University, Katsina State. The reliability coefficient of obtained was 0.77. The finding of the study indicated that majority of the teachers have B.ED qualifications followed by those who possess NCE qualification and the lowest number of the teachers has qualification of M.ED, while none of them have PhD qualification. It was recommended that More of M.ED English language qualified teachers should be employed in various secondary schools across the state; teachers whose area of specialization is English language should only be the ones to be employed to teach the subject in secondary schools in Tarauni Local Government, Kano State.
Keywords: English, Investigation, Language, Teachers, Qualifications