SUB-SAHARA AFRICAN JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY EDUCATION RESEARCH (SJCER)
VOL 17 (8) DECEMBER, 2020 ISSN: 2185 – 8555
Sub-Sahara African Academic Research Publications,
Centre for African Development Studies, University of Ibadan,
P. O. Box 10108, U. I. Post Office. Ibadan Oyo State, Nigeria, West-Africa.
INFLUENCE OF PARENTS’ EDUCATIONAL LEVEL ON CHILDREN ACCESS TO EDUCATION IN MAIDUGURI METROPOLIS, BORNO STATE
MALA KULLOMA; & HAFSAT ABBA SUNISI
Department of Education, Borno state University Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.
This study examined the influence of parents’ educational level on Access to Education in Maiduguri Metropolis, Borno State, Nigeria. The population of the study consisted of all senior secondary school students in which a sample size of three hundred and forty (340) was used. A self-developed questionnaire was used for data collection. A correlational research design was used. Data were analyzed using charts and Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation (PPMC). The findings of the study revealed that parents’ educational level has a significant influence on children’s access to education. Based on these findings the following recommendations government should create awareness especially to those parents that are less educated to send their children to school.
Keywords: Influence, Parents, Educational level, Children, Access to Education.
THE EFFECT OF TESTING CONDITIONS ON THE STUDENTS’ PERFORMANCE OF DISATANCE LEARNING SYSTEM (DLS) IN JIGAWA STATE
MUHAMMAD GADDAFI SHU’AIBU
Department of Education, Sule Lamido University Kafin Hausa, Jigawa State, Nigeria
This research was carried out to investigate and ascertain the extent to which test administration affects performance of cycle three (3) NCE Distance Learning System (DLS) students in achievement test. Specifically, the study investigated whether type of sitting arrangement and ventilation affects performance of students in the examination. The population of the study was the cycle 3 NCE (DLS) students 2018/2019 session of study centres in Jigawa State comprising of 739 students. From the population, 248 students were sampled. The methodology use was ex-post-facto survey design and a checklist was used as an instrument for data collection where students were observed in order to ascertain the testing condition at the time of writing education examination. Moderated raw examination scores for the sampled students were collected and analyzed using T-test independent sample analysis tool. The findings of the study revealed that significant differences existed in performance of students by sitting arrangement and ventilation in the testing room. In view of the findings of the study, recommendations were made on ways of improving the quality and standard of test administration in the Distance Learning System. Students who wrote the examination with good sitting arrangement and in a ventilated examination site performed significantly higher than their counter parts who wrote in poor sitting arrangement and inadequate ventilation in the testing room.
Keywords: Testing, Conditions, Students’ Performance, Disatance, Learning.
A SEMANTIC STUDY OF NIGERIAN ENGLISH (A CASE STUDY OF ABUBAKAR TATARI ALI POLYTECHNIC, BAUCHI)
MRS NA`OMI D. SHEHU
Department of General Studies, Abubakar Tatari Ali Polytechnic (Atap), Bauchi.
The paper discuss the semantic of Nigeria English which has been influenced by the local languages, customs, beliefs and culture using everyday utterance of Abubakar Tatari Ali polytechnic students (ATAP) Bauchi and its immediate environment in order to identify the problem areas and subsequently proffer possible solutions. The theoretical framework adapted for the study is the concept of sematics of Saeed (2003). The data collected for the study and arranged according to different grammatical features, such as semantic values, repetitions, faulty structuring of words, wrong use of phrasal verbs, the use of articles and lexizo –semantic features. The study therefore, proves the claims that sematics of any English variety in the work should be studied alongside the features of such English variety.
Keywords: Sematics, Nigerian English, Mother Tongue, British Standard English.
FACTORS AFFECTING THE IMPLEMENTATION OF UNIVERSAL BASIC EDUCATION PROGRAMME IN MAIDUGURI METROPOLITAN COUNCIL, BORNO STATE
Fhi360, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.
This project work was carried out to find out an factors affecting the implementation of Universal Basic Education programme in Maiduguri Metropolitan Council. The objectives of the study were to examine the compliance of 1:40 teacher/pupils ratio of the scheme in primary schools in MMC; assess the level of pupils’ school enrolment in the state in primary school in MMC and determine the level of pupils school attendance in primary schools in MMC. A total of 60 respondents (30 males and 30 females) were used for the study. These respondents were from three (3) public schools purposefully sampled within Maiduguri Metropolitan Council. The instrument used in data collection were the questionnaire and personal observation. The data collected was analysed statistically using simple percentage. Analysis of the data revealed that the falling standard of the public schools in Borno State particularly Maiduguri Metropolitan Council are generally caused by the government’s inability to provide adequate teaching and learning materials and inadequate qualified teaching/staff. The study recommends that the parents need to be educated on the need to give their children the basic education for a lifelong education. The government should have the political will to put into effect the Act that stipulates penalties for parents who refuse to send their children or wards to school. The educational police force must visit the major roads in the cities, mechanic villages, artisan workshops to fish out any child learning a trade but <16 years of age.
Keyword: Factors, Affecting, Implementation, Universal Basic Education, Programme
ENGLISH TEACHERS’ ATTITUDE TOWARDS THE EXPECTED UTILIZATION OF PERTINENT INSTRUCTIONAL MEDIA AT THE ORDINARY LEVEL SCHOOL CLASSES: THE NIGERIAN POST PRIMARY SCHOOL CLASS SITUATION
AHMAD MUHAMMAD MAHMOUD; & ALIYU MOHAMMED NASIRU
School of Languages, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare.
This research work has been embarked upon by the researcher as a result of negligence by almost all of the Nigerian secondary school teachers, particularly those of some selected areas where the researcher had opportunity to reach, for not effectively making use of pertinent instructional media in their English lesson classrooms. The researcher applied relevant methodology with appropriate instrument via which the necessary data was gotten and which directly proved the findings that the secondary school English teachers in Nigeria do not have the materials and are not encouraged and trained to improvise. State ministries of education, universal basic education boards and federal ministry of education care not to provide such materials to the schools nor do they urge the secondary school principals to make sure that the English teachers improvise and make use of pertinent instructional media when teaching English language in their various classrooms. With the aid of the results realised, the researcher suggests that the authorities concern should provide modern instructional materials for teaching English to secondary schools in Nigeria and give training and encouragement to teachers in both urban and rural areas to improvise in the absence of governmental intervention on the task. The Federal Ministry of Education has to ensure provision of all types of instructional materials especially those meant for teaching language, and put compulsion in its utilization.
Keywords: English language in Nigeria, English Language teachers, types of instructional materials, classifications of materials, instructional media for English lessons.
INSECURITY IN NIGERIAN SCHOOLS: CAUSES, FORMS AND EFFECTS.
*HILIYA, ABBAS ABUBAKAR; & **UMAR, YAHAYA JABO
*Department of Educational Foundations, School of General Education, Shehu Shagari College of Education, Sokoto. **No. 90C, Alu Quarters, Bado Area, Sokoto.
The security and welfare of the people shall be the primary purpose and functions of government. The nature of insecurity at global level is changing rapidly. The alarming level of insecurity in Nigeria has fuelled the crime rate and terrorists attacks in different parts of the country, leaving unpalatable consequences for the nation’s economy and its growth. It is against this background that, this paper examines the immediate causes of insecurity in Nigeria which includes: lack of institutional capacity, pervasive material inequalities, ethno-religious conflicts among others, forms of insecurity threatening Nigeria and its socio-economic entities particularly education sector which includes: physical insecurity, public insecurity, economic insecurity among others and effects that insecurity has in Nigeria schools which includes: stressful studies, poor school attendance, closure of schools among others. The paper also discussed some of the conceptual framework of security and insecurity; theoretical perspective of insecurity; empirical studies of insecurity in Nigerian schools. The paper concluded that peace and tranquility is an antidote of successful teaching and learning. Security of both teachers and students is paramount important. The paper suggested that measures need to be put in place to resolve insecurity in the country particularly in Nigerian schools. New security policies, thinking and strategies need to be developed.
Keywords: Insecurity, causes, forms, effects, Schools.
STRATEGIES FOR TEACHING AND ASSESSING STUDENTS’ PRACTICAL PROJECTS IN VOCATIONAL AND TECHNICAL COLLEGES IN NIGERIA
1ABDULLAHI MAGAJI; 2AMEEN A. AHMED; 3AUWALU YUSUF; 4SAFIYANU S. ABUBAKAR
1Department of Business Education, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare, Bauchi State 2Department of Fine and Applied Arts, Aminu Saleh College of education, Azare, Bauchi State 3&4School of Educational Services, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare, Bauchi State.
This papper examined the concept of vocational and technical education, practical projects, teaching as well as assessment of practical projects and their types in vocational and technical education. The paper has highlighted on the strategies to be adopted by vocational and technical education teachers teaching and assessing practical projects in vocational and technical colleges in Nigeria. These include careful planning of what to teach in the school’s workshop, use of variety and appropriate teaching techniques such as demonstration method, project method, simulation method, etc, process assessment, product assessment and competency-based assessment. This will go along way in helping vocational and technical education teachers in imparting the required knowledge, experirnce and skills to learners and assess the students’ practical projects on mastery of skills required for practical work.
Keywords: Strategies, Teaching, Assessment, Practical Projects, Technical Colleges.
IMPROVING STUDENTS’ PERFORMANCE IN COMPOSITION WRITING THROUGH ERROR ANALYSIS: THE EXAMPLES OF SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN ISEYIN LOCAL GOVERNMENT, OYO STATE, NIGERIA
*OLANIYAN, GABRIEL AYO; & **SHITTU, MORUFU ADEWALE
*Department of English, the College of Education, Lanlate, Oyo State (Sandwich Study Centre, Ipapo). **Department of General Studies, the College of Education, Lanlate, Oyo State, Nigeria.
The paper explores the error analysis of the written compositions of secondary schools students with the aim of improving their linguistic performance. The researcher purposively selects four (4) public Junior secondary schools in Iseyin Local Government and randomly selects (samples) one hundred (100) students from the selected four (4) secondary schools. The data for this paper are collected using four different composition topics written by the students and the data analysis is done with emphasis on the students’ spelling errors, wrong tenses, punctuation errors, and unstructured sentences. The composition questions are given to the students during English lesson in the selected schools. From the result of the investigation, it is very obvious that errors committed by the selected Junior secondary school students are tense errors, spelling errors, mis-use of punctuation marks, unstructured sentences and mother tongue interferences. Based on these findings, recommendations are made as to what teachers, parents, government, management and students could do to reduce the students’ linguistic errors. The paper recommends that the idea of using mother tongue while teaching should stop. The teachers should be responsible for improving the spoken and the written English of the students. However, a well equipped language laboratory will be an advantage to secondary school students because it will help in the phonological aspect of English Language. With all these findings and recommendations, it is therefore hoped that there will be a fantastic improvement in the written essays of students.
Keywords: Composition writing, English language, Spelling error, Secondary school, Error Analysis
USING THE UNIFIED THEORY OF ACCEPTANCE AND USE OF TECHNOLOGY TO ASCERTAIN LOW PATRONAGE OF VIRTUAL TEACHING AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHERS OF ENGLISH IN SULEJA LGA OF NIGER STATE
*OWOICHO, ONU; & **NWAEDOZIE CHIKA
*English Language Department, School of Languages, FCT College of Education, Zuba-Abuja. **English Department, School of Languages, FCT, College of Education, Zuba-Abuja.
It has been reported that teachers in secondary schools are skeptical concerning virtual teaching even in this era of Covid19 pandemic that has totally kept students out of school. This study was carried out to investigate reasons responsible for this pessimistic attitude of English teachers in embracing Virtual teaching in Suleja LGA of Niger State. The study adopted a survey research design and made use of 21-item structured questionnaire validated by two specialists, in computer and English which yielded reliability co-efficient of 0.87. It was administered to ninety English teachers in twenty secondary schools. The 21items were based on the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) model. Data collected were analyzed using percentages. The study revealed among others, that virtual teaching according to teachers’ perception is ineffective, teachers lack prerequisite ICT knowledge to sufficiently embrace virtual teaching; schools, teachers, and students do not have sufficient ICT facilities that can support the system. The study therefore recommends that English language teachers should be given specific ICT training and deliberate policies that would make virtual teaching compulsory in secondary schools enacted.
Keywords: Virtual teaching, performance expectation, effort expectancy, social influence, facilitating conditions.
INTEGRATED SCIENCE EDUCATION: ISSUES, CHALLENGES AND THE PROSPECTS FOR VISION 2020
ERINFOLAMI, LYDIA O
Integrated Science Department, Federal College of Education, Zaria.
Education is a vehicle for growth and development. The quest for improving quality of education promoted the need for this paper which posed the education sector to call for Science Technology and Mathematics Education Vision 2020.Science Technology and Mathematics Education (STME) is a comprehensive programme initiated by the Federal Government of Nigeria through the educational and curriculum planner to tackle the challenges facing the country through focusing on key development sectors of the economy. This paper focuses on the Issues, Prospects and Challenges confronting Integrated Science Education or what we now refer to as Basic Science Education System. This paper highlights a number of crisis and negative attitude towards the subject, poor state of the National economy and insufficient time allocated to the practical aspects of the programme such as the chemistry, biology And physic etc. also a number of recommendations were made, they include training and re-training of adequate personnel for the teaching jobs and on the job acquisition of teaching facilities, funds, encouragement, incentives and positive attitude towards the programmes by the government, stakeholders and the society in general.
Keywords: Science Education, Basic Science, Prospects And Vision 2020
CHALLENGES AND PROSPECTS OF VIRTUAL LEARNING IN NIGERIA
Computer Science Department, Federal College of Education Technical Gombe, Gombe State, Nigeria.
The 21st century woke up to the challenges of a global pandemic known as COVID – 19 which impacted the world in every sphere of development. Education is one of such aspects. The attendant lockdown and restriction of movement forced schools to be closed for many months. Teaching and learning could no longer take place in the traditional classroom environment. There was a surge in the use of Virtual learning globally to revolutionize education in order to curtail the negative effects as a result of disruption of schooling due to long periods of lockdown. This paper is therefore a critical review of the challenges and prospects of virtual learning in Nigeria. The paper concluded that virtual learning has emerged as a necessary revolution in education during and in the past Covid-19 era. It is recommended among others that government as well as stake holders in education, should as a matter of urgency improve on power supply, ICT facilities, internet connectivity and training for teachers if Nigeria is to move with global trend.
Keywords: Virtual learning, challenges, prospects, Nigeria, Covid-19
INEQUALITIES IN HIGHER EDUCATION IN NIGERIA: AN ANALYSIS OF PUBLIC AND PRIVATE UNIVERSITIES IN ADAMAWA STATE
*FATIMAH ABDULMUMIN SA’AD; & **PROF. ABDULMUMIN SA’AD
*Department Of Adult and Non-formal Education, School Of Adult, Non-formal and Special Education, Federal College of Education, Yola **Provost Office, Federal College of Education, Yola
In Nigeria the goals of the Ministry of Education are access and quality at all levels of education in the country. This is to say that quality education must be provided to all Nigerian citizens at all levels irrespective of economic social cultural and political differences. For this reason the Federal Government declared free education for all its citizens at all levels of the educational system. Unfortunately however beyond this it has not done anything tangible to ensure these goals are achieved. In other words, the public higher education institutions are neglected. The aim of this study therefore is to examine the extent of this neglect and its implications on imbedded socio-economic inequalities in Nigerian social order. The major methodology used is secondary data collection and analysis focusing on two universities in Adamawa state; one, public (Modibbo Adama University of Technology, MAUTECH) and the other, private (American University of Nigeria, AUN). The findings show that there is serious neglect in the funding of MAUTECH, which is a public university, as opposed to the funding of AUN, which is a private university. This neglect translate into inequalities between the two universities in terms of availability of human and material resources necessary to provide quality teaching and learning. The study also show that AUN fees are so high that only the children of the rich can afford admission into the institution. Consequently, in Nigeria, the rich are getting better quality education while the children of the poor are left with less quality education in the public schools and therefore better prepared to compete in job market. Inequalities in Nigeria social order are then perpetuated.
Keywords: Education, Inequality, Private, Public, Quality
COMPARATIVE EFFECTS OF ASSERTIVE QUESTIONING STRATEGY AND PERSONALIZED LEARNING STRATEGY ON BASIC SCIENCE STUDENTS’ PERFORMANCE IN UPPER BASIC SCHOOLS IN NIGERIA.
CHRISTINA TANKO AUDU
Department of Integrated Science, College of Education, Zing, Taraba State, Nigeria
The study examined the comparative effects of assertive questioning strategy and personalized learning strategy on basic science students’ performance in upper basic schools in Nigeria. It adopted the quasi -experimental designs specifically the non-randomized control group pre-fist post-test design. The population was 2,674,537 upper basic II students offering basic science. The sample for the study was 310 basic science students drawn from intact classes from nine upper basic schools located in the six geo-political zone of Nigeria. Experimental group were taught with assertive questioning and personalized learning strategy. While the control group were taught with lecture strategy Basic Science Performance Test (BSPT) was used for data collection. The instrument was validated using kuder Richardson formula 20 which gave a reliability of 0.83 mean and standard deviation were used to answer the three research questions while Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) was used to test the hypothesis at 0.05 level of significance. The result showed that there is significant difference in the mean performance scores of student taught basic science using assertive questioning strategy and these taught using the conventional strategy (P=0.000<0.05). There is significant difference in the mean performance scores of students taught basic science using personalized learning strategy and these taught using the conventional strategy (P=0.000<0.05). there is significant difference in the mean performance scores of students taught basic science using assertive questioning strategy and those taught using personalized learning strategy (P=0.000<0.05). The study recommended that teachers of basic science should use assertive questioning and personalized learning strategies to enhance the academic performance of their students.
Keywords: Performance, assertive questioning, personalized learning.
EDUCATING SUB-CULTURAL GROUPS: A REMEDY FOR PEACE AND NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT [A CASE STUDY OF BORNO STATE]
MAMAN NATHAN ENOS AND MARI LIKITA
Department of Christian Religious Studies, Kashim Ibrahim College of Education.
Violence and chaos have been reported as major causes or factors that threaten national development. Making reference to Borno State with peculiar case of conflict many have suffered. Education provides the necessary tool to deal with the socio- environmental demands that will foster peace and development. The study aimed at addressing the educating sub-cultural groups: a remedy for peace and national development [a case study of borno state]. This paper attempts to highlight the concept of educating sub-cultural groups: a remedy for peace and national development. It examines Borno State peace and developmental progress in practicing education in the state. It also points out short coming and proffer possible solution that could enhance in educating sub-cultural groups in Borno state asa remedy for peace and national development to achieve sustainable peace.
Keywords: Educating, Sub-Cultural, Groups, Remedy, National Development.
MATHEMATICS CURRICULUM IMPLEMENTATION IN NIGERIAN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS
Department of Curriculum and Instructions, Adamu Tafawa Balewa College of Education Kangere, Bauchi State.
Implementation is an act of translating the curriculum content to the learners and it is important in achieving the goals and objectives of any curriculum. In this paper the discussion is on the mathematics curriculum implementation in Nigerian Junior secondary schools and the following concepts have being discussed: concept of curriculum, concept of curriculum implementation, factors that enhance the implementation, mathematics curriculum and its developmental stages from traditional, modern to general mathematics, the problem faced at each stage were highlighted and discussed. The paper also discussed the implementation of mathematics curriculum in both public and private schools and some factors which affect the implementation such as: Teachers, unconducive school Environment, Teachers student ratio. Some recommendations were made which include: employment of trained and qualified teachers, regular and thorough supervision and provision of conducive learning environment. Finally, the researcher find out that the level of implementation of mathematics in Nigerian Junior secondary schools affected with so many factors which is caused of failure and phobia of students in mathematics.
Keyword: Mathematics, Curriculum Implementation, Public and Private Secondary Schools.
COMPARING E-PRINT AND FEDORA DIGITAL LIBRARY SOFTWARE E-PRINT OR FEDORA??? A BETTER OPEN SOURCE REPOSITORY PLATFORM FOR LIBRARIES
DIKUMA MOHAMMED IBRAHIM
Senior librarian Fane-fane library, Mai Idris Alooma Polytechnic, Geidam Yobe State Nigeria
Judicious system analysis is essential in considering budget allocations to libraries. This paper studies two open-source digital library software namely E-print and Fedora. The present study compares and highlights the similarities among the software. The paper attempts to suggest based on the merits and demerits to enable librarians to take wiser decision in terms of open sources software for a repository.
Keywords: ICT, opens sources software, Digital library, E-print and Fedora
PRESERVATION AND CONSERVATION OF LIBRARY MATERIALS IN NIGERIA
BALA SULEIMAN ABDUL; & ADAMU IBRAHIM
Department of Library and Information Science, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi
This paper examines the preservation and conservation of library resources. In the paper various issues were discussed, including factors of deterioration, importance of preservation and conservation, preventive measures for environmental, biological, chemical, human, and disaster preparedness in Nigerian library and information centres
Keywords: preservation, conservation, library materials, Nigeria.
SUSTAINING GIRL TERTIARY SCHOOL ENROLLMENT IN AMINU SALEH COLLEGE OF EDUCATION AZARE, FOR PEACE AND POVERTY REDUCTION IN BAUCHI STATE
AZI, MUSA BULUS
Department of Geography, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare. Bauchi State.
Sustaining girl child tertiary school enrollment cannot be silence when the vision of Sustainable Development Goal (SDGs) is sought for. Owing to the role of girl child (women) in developing a stable, prosperous and healthy nation. Reason girl child education has received global attention and favored by SDG 4 and 5. A retrospective study designed with data collected from academic office on five years’ girl child tertiary school enrollment before, during and after UNICEF Female Teachers Trainee Scholarship Scheme (FTTSS). It reveals regressive nature of girl child tertiary school enrollment in Aminu Saleh College of Education Azare, Bauchi State. Highest enrollment was during UNICEF FTTSS, with 2,937, while worse enrollment was After UNICEF FTTSS), with 132. For sustainable girl child school enrollment, the authors recommended an avalanche of national and international order and efforts towards sustaining girl child tertiary school enrollment through continuous funding, providing incentives, widespread advocacy and sensitization.
Keywords: Sustaining. Girl Child, Tertiary School, Enrollment, Peace, Poverty Reduction
GIRL CHILD AND INCLUSIVE EDUCATION
Department of Educational Psychology and Counselling School of Education, A.D Rufa’i Collge of Education, Legal and General Studies, Misau, Bauchi State, Nigeria.
The ‘girl child’ seem to be living her nightmare of life, as she struggles to exist in a society characterized by violence, somewhat negative cultural practices and poor family background. Like any other person the girl child needs education to survive, prosper and live her dreams. But those factors could not let her be. Inclusive education as an ongoing process aimed at quality education for all regardless of the diversities of the students, their needs or abilities, characteristics or learning expectations of their various communities thereby eliminating all form of consideration and discriminations. The girl child is a vulnerable and endangered specie of the human race, generally believed to be weak and all-life-dependent. She is thus neglected, and had her life endangered by other activities of men. This position paper appraises the efficacy of the inclusive education program towards uplifting the girl-child in general and her education in particular, adopting the facilitation theory of Carl Rogers. The literature reviewed related concepts as self-concept and academic emotions as well as factors that made inclusive education inevitable for the girl child and at the end, this paper came up with among other suggestions that parent as well as the community should change their view and belief on the girl child.
Keywords: Girl Child, Inclusive, Education, Inclusive, Communities.
INDIGENOUS SCIENCE PRACTICES FOR APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT AMONG WOMEN IN BORNO STATE: IMPLICATIONS FOR CLASSROOM LEARNING.
MOHAMMED YAKUBU AMUDA1; BABAGANA ALI2; & AUDU YAHAYA3
Department of Chemistry, Kashim Ibrahim College of Education P.M. B 1469, Maiduguri. Borno state. Nigeria
The justification for traditional science practices is that people construct a safer science able to solve African problems and other nagging world problems. In the process of industrialization, local knowledge is often developed relative to the modern knowledge and technologies that develop to serve the needs of the new commodity generating economy in developing countries like Nigeria. It is often the case that women , ethnic minorities and others remaining more on the margins of the new economy, and this allows them to retain indigenous knowledge long and the sudden commercial interest in indigenous practices often target women and themselves as potential sources of this local knowledge for industrialization. This paper examines the African indigenous practices and knowledge acquired among women and how these practices are blinded with the related science concepts. It shows that African traditional practices are thought system that can have equivalent value with the scientific practices in the western paradigm system though it is not itself paradigmal. The indigenous practices and knowledge acquired among women must convince others that these practices are tools to help them as well as translating what they practice and relate it’s to science classroom. Two research questions guided the study. Samples of sixty (60) participants consisting of skilled and unskilled women in confined internally displaced area (IDA) of the community or camp (in Maiduguri) were targeted, and science teachers teaching science subjects were randomly selected from the post primary schools in the IDA camps in Maiduguri metropolitan council. The instrument used to collect the data were check list, oral interview and questionnaire. It was found that most of the women do practice the indigenous practices and few do not practiced it.
Keywords: Science Practices, Indigenous practices, Indigenous knowledge, Indigenous women and Classroom learning.
EVALUATION OF COURSE BOOKS USED IN TEACHING AND LEARNING OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN NIGERIA.
*IDRIS HASSAN IYA; *ABDULLAHI USMAN USHE; *ABUBAKAR YUSUF TONDI; **HAUWA HASSAN; & ***MUHAMMAD MANSUR SHEHU
*Department of English, Adamu Augie College of Education, Argungu **Department of Business Education, Federal College of Education, Kano ***Department of Education Psyccology and Counseling, Adamu Augie College of Education, Argungu
English is an important language in Nigeria because it is the official language of the country, the language of communication among the different ethnic groups, the language of commerce, science and education. As a result of its status in the country, there is a need for every Nigerian particularly the educated, to read and write, understand and speak the language fluently. But it is not the case in Nigeria. There is a record of massive failure in English language tests conducted by the West African Examination Council (WAEC) and the National Examination Council (NECO) both at Junior and Senior Secondary School Examination. Many scholars have conducted research on these problems of massive failure and the lack of fluency on English language and came up with some recommendations. These recommendations are: better teachers, better textbooks, small classes etc (Albel, 2003; Okebukola, 2008; Warwick, 1999). Though the problems are numerous and all of them cannot be dealt with in a single thesis, this study will be limited to one problem i.e. better textbooks and will aimed at evaluating course books used in teaching and learning of English language in Nigeria in order to find out how effective they are in terms facilitating long term acquisition of the language.
Keywords: Evaluation, Course, Books, Teaching, Learning.
AN ASSESSMENT OF UTILIZATION OF INSTRUCTIONAL MEDIA ON INSTRUCTION OF SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN AZARE METROPOLITAN AREA, BAUCHI STATE
MAGAJI SHEHU; DAHIRU AHMAD MUHAMMAD; & HADIZA TIJJANI ABDULKADIR
Foundation Department, School of Education, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare, Bauchi State – Nigeria
The aim of this study is to examine the utilization and impact of instructional media on teaching and learning in secondary school. The study was guided by three specific objectives. A descriptive survey research design was adopted and the instrument used for data collection was questionnaire. Population of the study comprises all teachers of secondary schools in Azare metropolitan. The sample of 100 teachers were randomly selected. The results of findings indicated, that instructional media has significant impacts on the instruction of secondary schools in Azare metropolis. However, it also shows that very few materials were available in the sampled schools. Additionally, the challenges faced by teachers include poor electric supply, lack of technological knowhow, time factor, lack of support, and large number of students, as well as lack of resource center and personnel. Finally the researchers offers the following recommendations: Schools should organise seminars and workshops for teachers in order to update their knowledge and to ensure appropriate use of instructional media during their lesson delivery.
Keywords: Instruction, Instructional media, Utilization, Metropolitan, Secondary school
THE EFFECT OF QUALIFICATION YORUBA TEACHERS ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS (A CASE STUDY OF EGBEDA LOCAL GOVERNMENT IN IBADAN)
MOBỌ́LÁJÍ, W.A. (Ph.D)
Yorùbá Department, Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo, Oyo State
This paper tries to investigate the effect of qualification of teachers on the academic performance of students in some selected secondary schools in Egbeda Local Government Area of Oyo State. Series of data were collected from the selected schools through an instrument known as questionnaire. Infact, about 200 questionnaire were distributed were administered by both students and the teachers in Yoruba subject in the selected secondary schools. The data were analyzed using statistical method chi-square. Eventually the research established the fact that the qualification of teacher, teaching experience and various methodologies enhance the academic performance of the students. In actual fact, it has been discovered that good qualification, enough teaching experience and various methodology will enhance good academic performance of students in Yoruba language. In conclusion various recommendations were made that will be of great advantage, provision of in-service training for the teachers of all categories in the federal, state and local Yoruba levels. It is the belief if the researcher that this research works will contribute not a small measure to the development of our education sector most especially in the teaching and learning of Yoruba.
Keywords: Effect, Qualification, Yoruba Teachers, Academic Performance, Secondary School Students.
THE IMPACT OF COVID-19 PANDEMIC ON CURRICULUM PLANNING AND ACADEMIC WELLBEING OF STUDENTS; A CASE STUDY OF DELTA STATE.
*MR. ICHAZU KINGSLEY; **MR. UGBOME GEORGE
*Department of Educational Foundations and Administration, College of Education Agbor, Delta State. **School of Early Childhood and Primary Education, College of Education Agbor, Delta State.
A survey research design was adopted for this study. This research work was carried out in Delta State, South-South Region of Nigeria. There are a total number of 384 participants comprising of 115 students, 106 parents, 77 lecturers, 58 teachers and 28 school administrators. Because of the closure of schools, the respondents were sample using structured Google forms which were administered via social media using the Google form link. The structured questionnaire, titled the Impact of Covid-19 Pandemic on Curriculum Planning and Academic Wellbeing of Students Questionnaire’ (ECPCPAWSQ) was used for obtaining information for the study. The reliability of the instrument was determined through the test re-test method. Data collected were analyzed using simple percentage. Findings revealed that the continued closure of schools has left basic education in the country in a dire situation complicating the already ill equipped, confusing and unhelpful learning environment, and disintegration of unstable Nigerian academic calendar. Based on the result, the immediate and long-term impacts of the continued closure of Nigerian schools were predicted to be loss of businesses and sources of income for traders and business men and women; massive drop out of school children and low enrolment in the post-COVID-19 era; most significantly, disengaging students from the formal learning process may have potential cost of reversing gains in learning results.
Keywords: Impact, COVID-19, Curriculum Planning, Academic Calendar, Students’ academic wellbeing.