SUB-SAHARA AFRICA JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY EDUCATION RESEARCH (SJCER)
Vol 14 (8) September, 2019. ISSN 2185 – 3555
Sub-Sahara African Academic Research Publications,
Centre for African Development Studies, University of Ibadan,
P. O. Box 10108, U. I. Post Office. Ibadan Oyo State,
COMPARATIVE STUDY OF COMMERCIAL STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN PUBLIC EXAMINATIONS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN KANO AND JIGAWA STATES, NIGERIA
SALEH MUHAMMAD AMINU
Department of Vocational and Technical Education, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria
This study investigated commercial students’ academic performance in public examinations in Secondary Schools in Kano and Jigawa States, Nigeria. the study employed a descriptive design with a population of all the 280 secondary schools in Kano State and the 170 secondary schools in Jigawa State, Nigeria. Out of this population, a sample of 140 secondary schools in Kano State and 85 secondary schools in Jigawa State was taken. The method of selection was by stratified random sampling technique. The instrument used to collect data for the study was an inventory while the data collected was analysed using percentages, chi-square statistic and the t-test. It was revealed that the performance of student in the Senior Secondary Certificate (SSCE) Examinations was low. Based on this, it was recommended that the educational system needs to be overhauled and made result oriented in the two States. The teaching and learning processes in all schools in the two States should be re-examined with the aim of improving the quality of performance of students in SSCE examinations.
Keywords: Academic performance; public examinations; SSCE; Comparative Study; Commercial Students
THE EFFECTS OF TEACHER-DIRECTED AND STUDENT-DIRECTED BIOLOGY INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGIES ON PRE-SERVICE STUDENTS’ ENTREPRENEURSHIP SKILL: AN IMPLICATION FOR HIGHER EDUCATION
Department of Teacher Education, Faculty of Education, University of Ibadan, Nigeria
Education in Nigeria is devoid of the element crucial to averting the surging rate of unemployment in the country. Increase in violence, poverty and segregation amongst citizens occur because the educational system itself fails to empower those executing it, therefore not catering for the economy. Hence the need to employ teaching strategy that will enhance entrepreneurship culture in pre-service students, molding them into becoming job creators and not job seekers for peaceful co-existence. This study, investigated effect of teacher-directed and student-directed instructional strategies on biology students’ entrepreneurship skills. The study adopted pretest-posttest, control group – quasi experimental design using 3x2x2 factorial matrix. 360 students were selected from six Pre-service colleges in Nigeria. Five instruments used were: Students’ Entrepreneurship Skill Test (r = 0.82)., Operational Guides for; Teacher-directed Biology Instruction, Student-directed Biology Instruction and Conventional Biology Instruction. Two null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. Data were subjected to Analysis of Covariance and Scheffe post hoc test. Treatment had a significant main effect on students’ entrepreneurship skills (F(2,347) = 516.01, p<0.05). Gender and parents’ business involvement did not have significant main effect on students’ entrepreneurship skills. Teacher-directed and student-directed biology instructional strategies had positive effects on and therefore encouraged entrepreneurship among senior secondary school students. It is recommended that topics that may enhance entrepreneurship skills for teachers to emphasise during teaching, so that graduates may be gainfully employed for peace to reign in our society.
Keyword: Biology, Teacher-directed instruction, Student-directed instruction, Entrepreneurship Skill, Conventional Biology instruction
A QUANTITATIVE STUDY OF CAREER COUNSELLING AND GRADUATE YOUTHS UNEMPLOYMENT IN JALINGO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF TARABA STATE
*AKO J. A. (PhD) *OBINNE A. D. (PhD) & **EZEKIEL ALADE JOSEPH
*Department of Educational Foundations and General Studies, College of Agriculture and Science Education, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Benue State **Department of Geography, College of Education, Zing, Taraba State.
This paper empirically studied the significant role of career/employment counselling agencies in tackling unemployment rates among unemployed graduate youths in Jalingo L.G.A of Taraba State. In order to achieve the aim of study, two (2) research questions and two (2) research hypotheses guided the study. Three thousand seven hundred and fifty (3,750) NDE and N-Power staff in Jalingo local government area constituted the target population for the study. Out of which three hundred and seventy-five (375) sample size was selected with the aid of random sampling technique. A self-developed questionnaire titled “Youth Unemployment in relation to Career Counselling Questionnaire (YUCCQ) was used as the instrument for data collection. The instrument yielded reliability coefficient of 67.4% when calculated with the aid of Cronbach’s Reliability Analysis. The study revealed that unemployment significantly impact on psychological disposition of unemployed graduate youths in the study area, and that employment counselling agencies significantly impact in tackling unemployment rates among unemployed graduate youths in Jalingo local government area of Taraba State. The paper therefore concluded that unemployment affects unemployed graduate youths psychologically and that career counselling ought to be well-equipped so as to tackle unemployment rates among youths in the study area. It was recommended among others that government should provide facilities for career counsellors to enable them discharge their duties accordingly, and that skills acquisition programmes should be provided for youths during the national youth service scheme to increase their employment chances.
Keywords: Career counselling, unemployment, graduate youth, skill acquisition, NDE, N-Power
ENHANCING HUMAN DEVELOPMENT THROUGH SOCIAL STUDIES EDUCATION: A STRATEGY FOR POVERTY ALLEVIATION AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA
*AKINOLA, DAVID BABATUNDE (Ph.D) *OYESIKUN, JOSHUA OYEKALE (Ph.D) **UMAR, BASHIRU BAKO (Ph.D)
*Department of Education Foundation, Faculty of Education, University of Abuja, Abuja. **Department of Social Studies, School of Arts and Social Sciences, Niger State College of Education, Minna.
This paper present social studies education as a school curricular instrument with sound pedagogical practices which imparts relevant knowledge, sound values and useful skills to enhance human development. Key concepts; Social Studies Education, Poverty alleviation, development and sustainable were extensively discussed. The paper further examined the impediments to human development in Nigeria. Also, it captured Social Studies as a catalyst for human development. Rationale of human development were highlighted while strategies for poverty alleviation by successive government in Nigeria were logical stated and some challenges of sustainable development in Nigeria were explained. The paper recommended among others, that Social Studies education be adequately taught to prepare individuals for functional and productive live that would enhance human development towards sustainable development.
Keywords: Social Studies Education, Development, Human Development and Sustainable Development.
SCAFFOLDING TEACHING A PATHWAY TO IMPROVING STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT AND RETENTION IN WELDING AND FABRICATION TRADE IN TECHNICAL COLLEGE IN NORTH-CENTRAL NIGERIA
OLATUNDE, ENIOLA OLUWAFEMI, ATSUMBE, BERNARD NUMGWO AND SABA, TSWANYA MOSES
Department Of Industrial And Technology Education, Federal University Of Technology Minna, Niger State, Nigeria
The study investigated the effect of scaffolding teaching technique on students’ academic achievement and retention in welding and fabrication trade in technical colleges in North-Central Nigeria. Two research question formulated to guide this study. The study adopted quasi-experimental research design. The population of the study was 54 students from four technical colleges in Niger and Kogi state, and the sample size was manageable. The instrument for data collection was 40 multichoice questions in line with the lesson plan that was used to train the student developed by the researcher. The instruments were validated by 3 experts. Cronbach alpha was used to determine the internal consistency of the instrument and a reliability index of 0.75 was obtained. Data collected was analyzed using SPSS, mean average was used to answer the research question. The findings of the study revealed that the students had the highest performance when they were taught with scaffolding teaching technique. As it was further reveled that the students taught with scaffolding teaching technique retained more than other students. It was recommended amidst others that attention should be given to teaching technique that involves student-centered learning like scaffolding teaching techniques in welding and fabrication trades and other vocational subjects.
Keywords: scaffolding, modelling, achievement, retention.
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SOCIAL MEDIA USAGE AND EFFECTIVE LEARNING CULTURE OF STUDENTS IN PEACOCK COLLEGE OF EDUCATION, JALINGO
*DR. AMINU SANI *ZACHARIAH JOHN **OLIVIA PATIENCE FRANK
*Department of Educational Foundations, Taraba State University, PMB1167, Jalingo **Department of Social Science Education, Taraba State University, Jalingo
The paper investigates the Relationship between social media usage and effective learning culture of students in Peacock College of Education, Jalingo. Two objectives and two hypotheses were formulated for the study. Correlational Survey design was used for the study and a population sample of fifty seven (57)NCE II students out of the total population of seventy five were used. Data was collected using a self-developed instrument titled, Social Media and Effective Learning Culture Questionnaire (SMELCQ) which was duly validated by experts in Test and Measurement and Guidance and Counselling and the reliabilityof the instrumentwas found usingtest-retest method of reliability.Pearson ProductMomentCorrelations coefficient (r-correlate) and independent t.Test were used for hypotheses testing. The results of the study revealed that positive relationship exists between social media usage and effective learning culture of students and Male and Femalestudentsdo not differsignificantly in the utilizationof social media. The paper concludesthatsocial mediausage has positiverelationship with Students effective Learning culture. Students mostoftenusethe Social mediafordifferent aspectsof learning. Also, both male and femaleadequately utilizethe social mediafor effective learningin the college. The paper further recommends that Governments, College proprietors and parents should encourage their wards and citizens in the use of information technology for effective learning, parents, Governments and College Proprietors should use smart phone or laptop as a means of motivating hard work among students in order to increase the utilization of social media among male and female students.
Keyword: Social Media, Effective Learning, Usage, Relationship, Peacock College of Education
IMPACT OF COGNITIVE BEHAVIOR THERAPY ON INTELLECTUAL ACHIEVEMENT RESPONSIBILITY AMONG STUDENTS OF SCHOOL OF HEALTH AND TECHNOLOGY JEGA-KEBBI STATE, NIGERIA
1MUZA S.H, 2 H. S. ALIERO, 3 S. MUHAMMAD
1&2 Department of Education, Kebbi State University of Science and Technology, Aliero 3 Department of Science Education, Kebbi State University of Science and Technology, Aliero
This research was carried out to investigate the impact of cognitive behavior therapy on intellectual achievement responsibility among students of School of Health and Technology, Jega – Kebbi state Nigeria. The population of the study includes all the students of 2018/2019 session which was summed up to three thousand and twenty five (3025) students out of which sixty (60) participants were selected for the study by employing stratified sampling technique. Pre-test Post-test quasi experimental research designed was used in the research and two null hypotheses were raised in line with the objectives of the study as a guide. Cognitive behavior therapy treatment package was adapted and the training lasted for eight weeks. Data were collected by administration of the instruments at pre-test and post-test. Crandall’s Model of Intellectual Achievement Responsibility scale adapted and modified was used for the data collection. Descriptive statistics and inferential statistics (t-test) were employed to analyze the data collected and the results revealed that Cognitive Behavior Therapy has significant effect on both internal and external intellectual achievement responsibility with (t=7.226, P=.000) and (t=2.252, p=.0241) respectively. It was therefore, recommended that School of Health and Technology Jega should give psychological intervention such as Cognitive Behavior Therapy to all students to improve their IAR.
Keywords: Cognitive, Intellectual, Achievement, Behavior and Therapy
EXTENT OF INSTRUCTIONAL SUPERVISION IMPLEMENTATION IN RELATION TO TEACHERS’ JOB PERFORMANCE
SHEENA MAE T. COMIGHUD,
Foundation University, DepEd-Bayawan City, Philippines
Instructional supervision provides guidance, support and empowerment of teachers for their professional development in the teaching-learning process. It provides teachers the support, knowledge and skills that enable them to succeed. This paper examined the extent of school heads’ implementation of the Results-based Performance Management System (RPMS) as performance management mechanism in the Department of Education (DepEd). It focused on the 61 school heads and 271 teaching personnel of Bayawan City Division, Negros Oriental, Region VII, Central Visayas, Philippines for SY 2018-2019. The survey was descriptive and correlational in nature. It utilized the percentage, mean, weighted mean, and Spearman Rank Correlation Coefficient. The study revealed that three-fourths of the teachers were considered experienced. Most of them earned master’s degree units and at the time of the survey were classified as Teacher I in their position held. The study also found out that the extent of implementation of instructional supervision as perceived by the Experienced Teachers was “very high” in terms of the following aspects: (a) concept and purpose of instructional supervision = (wx̄=4.55); (b) planning and preparations for instructional supervision = (wx̄=4.38); (c) organization and implementation of instructional supervision = (wx̄=4.58); (d) dialogue and discussion in post-instructional supervision = (wx̄=4.50); and (e) satisfaction with and evaluation of instructional supervision = (wx̄=4.23). Likewise, the extent of implementation of instructional supervision as perceived by the Novice Teachers was also “very high” based on how they rated their instructional supervisors in the following aspects: (a) concept and purpose of instructional supervision = (wx̄=4.35); (b) organization and implementation of instructional supervision = (wx̄=4.29) ; and (c) dialogue and discussion in post-instructional supervision = (wx̄=4.21). In addition, a moderate relationship was found to exist between the teachers’ job performance evaluation and the extent of implementation of instructional supervision in the following aspects: (a) concept and purpose of instructional supervision rs=0.311; (b) planning and preparations for instructional supervision rs=0.309; and (c) satisfaction with and evaluation of instructional supervision rs=0.322. In conclusion, the positive correlation means that the perceived extent of implementation of instructional supervision on the abovementioned variables is directly proportional with job performance evaluation.
Keywords: Extent of Implementation, Instructional Supervision, Job Performance Evaluation, Department of Education, Bayawan City Division
THE ROLE OF BIOLOGY EDUCATION IN SMALL AND MEDIUM SCALE ENTERPRISES (SMES) FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA
*MARY E. SULAI, PHD & **REUBEN, SUNDAY BARNABAS
*Department of Education, Faculty of Education, Gombe State University, Gombe. **Government Day Secondary School, Kumo, Gombe State.
This paper focused on the roles Biology education play in Small and Medium Scale Enterprises (SMEs) for Sustainable Development in Sub-Saharan region of Africa. It discussed the role of Biology education in enterprises that directly or indirectly has to do with apiculture, aquaculture, fermented food, ecotourism and medicinal plants. The paper recommended that: Biology education curriculum in both secondary and tertiary institutions in the region should be restructured to include bio-entrepreneurship so that knowledge from the classroom can be easily translated into entrepreneurship. Countries in the Sub-Saharan region should encourage entrepreneurs and support research in the field of biology so as to exploit the vast animals and plant resources in order to combat poverty. Lastly, countries in the region should scale up and standardize their products to serve local and international demands.
Keywords: Biology education, Sustainable Development, Small and Medium Scale
TEACHER PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL: AN EFFECTIVE TOOL FOR TEACHER PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT IN EDUCATION
BASHAR, SA’ADU ISA
Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education, Sokoto State University, Sokoto, Nigeria
It is an indisputable fact that no educational institution can rise above the level of performance of its teaching staff that serve and remain as the overall technocrats of the institution. To manage the teachers’ performance effectively for the production of high-skilled technical manpower that would develop the nation in all facets of life, school managers must embrace Teacher Performance Appraisal system promptly. Teacher Performance Appraisal is a process that involves a systematic and periodic assessment of teacher’s job performance and productivity in the school in relation to certain pre-established criteria and school’s objectives. It is done with the aim of distinguishing more efficient teachers from the less efficient ones. It is also done in order to make decisions concerning the teachers’ salary, their promotion, training and development as well as to discriminate among the strength and weaknesses that the teachers have across many teaching job elements. The main thrust of this paper is to make a vivid elaboration on the concept of Teacher Performance Appraisal, Performance Appraisal Process, Performance Appraisal Techniques and factors affecting effective Performance Appraisal of teachers such as use of varying standards, recency effects, primacy effects, and central tendency. To enhance effective teacher performance appraisal in a technology-driven educational institutions, the paper recommends that a rater must use the same standards and weights in assessing every teacher, a rater should ensure proper documentation of both positive and negative attitudes of the teacher, a rater should avoid bias when assessing any of the teachers, and that a rater needs to be well trained on how to carry out the appraisal system. If all these are effected staff performances would be effectively appraised and managed.
Keywords: Teacher, Performance, Appraisal, Management, Education.
INVESTIGATION OF PERCEIVED USEFULNESS, ATTITUDE AND SELF-EFFICACY TOWARDS USE OF PLAGIARISM CHECKERS AMONG UNIVERSITY STUDENTS AND LECTURERS IN NORTH CENTRAL NIGERIA
AGADA, JOHNSON AROME, PROF. C.C. NSOFOR & DR.A. UMEH
Education Technology Department, School of Science and Technology Education, Federal University of Technology Minna
The present study investigates the perceived usefulness, attitude and self-efficacy towards use of plagiarism checkers among university students and lecturers in North Central Nigeria. To obtain pertinent information of the study, three research questions and two hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. Three hundred and fifteen (315) items questionnaire was developed and use to obtain data from 315 respondents from two federal universities lecturers’ (Federal University of Technology Minna and University of Abuja). The data was analysed using frequency, mean, standard deviation and z-test statistics. The null hypothesis was tested at 0.05 levels of significance. The study reveals that the findings of the study disclosed that only two universities lecturers’ use plagiarism detector which are, Federal University of Technology Minna and University of Abuja. It could also be concluded from the outcome of the findings that turnitin, copycatch are plagiarism detector utilized by lecturers; the findings also revealed The lecturers of the universities positively perceived the usefulness of plagiarism detector for research writing, improving the existence vast of document, detecting student plagiarized content in their thesis. The findings of the study also disclosed high level of efficacy of the lecturers’ toward the utilization of the plagiarism detector. Finally, the findings revealed there is no difference in the male and female lecturers’ opinion on perceived use, and self-efficacy towards the utilization of plagiarism detector, the researcher recommended that enlighten and awareness program should be organized for proper enlightenment of lecturers, student, and researcher on the significance important of plagiarism detector in Nigeria Institutions, proper guide should be given to student by their supervisor regarding the use of plagiarism detector in thesis writing. There should be proper scrutiny on the factors affecting the use of various plagiarism softwares to test for credibility of thesis writing. Finally suggested for further studies to investigate factors affecting the Implementation of Plagiarism detector in Higher Institution in North Central Nigeria.
Keywords: Perceived Usefulness, Self-efficacy, Altitude, Plagiarism Detector, Lecturers.
EFFECT OF DRUG ABUSE ON STUDENT ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SOME SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN DAMATURU LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF YOBE STATE
AHMAD TAHIR ADAMU KOKI,
Yobe State University, Damaturu
This study was carried out to investigate the effects of drug abuse on the academic performance of students in some selected secondary schools in Damaturu Local Government area of Yobe State. The objectives of the study were to determine the concept of drug abuse, drugs classification and types of drugs, causes of drug abuse among student in Damaturu local government. The instrument used in collection of data for the study was structured questionnaire, which enable the researcher to collect the data for analysis. The data collected from the respondent was tabulated and analyzed using frequency and percentage. Based on the finding the researcher identified some, inadequate parental care can lead students into taking drugs. The study will assist tremendously to enlighten the general public on the effect of drug abuse among students, especially secondary schools. It will serve as source of information to other researchers who may be interested in further investigation. It will also serve as a reference to sources teaching service board and parents to where best to start talking the drug abuse in secondary school in Damaturu local government area Yobe State. The study will enable curriculum expert, Administrators, state and local government to decide on how best to reduce the rate of drug abuse on secondary school students before completing their studies.
Keywords: Drugs, Drug abuse, Tolerance, Drug dependence.
PRACTICAL SKILL ASSESSMENT PRACTICES AMONG RADIO TELEVISION AND ELECTRONIC WORK TEACHERS IN TECHNICAL COLLEGES IN FEDERAL CAPITAL TERRITORY, ABUJA AND NASSARAWA STATE
ESOMEONU KENNETH UGONNA, EMMANUEL RAYMOND (Ph.D), MOHAMMED ADULKADIR (Ph.D)
Department of Industrial and Technology Education, Federal University of Technology Minna, Niger State, Nigeria
The study sought to investigate Practical skill assessment practices among radio television and electronic work teachers in Federal Capital Territory, Abuja and Nassarawa State. Four research questions guided this study and four hypotheses were formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. A survey research design was adopted for the study, The instrument for data collection was a 83 items Practical skill assessment practices among radio television and electronic work teachers Questionnaire developed by the researcher. The instrument was validated by three experts. The population for the study was 31respondents. The reliability coefficient of the instrument was obtained using Cronbach Alpha formula and yielded an overall reliability of 0.86. Data collected for this study were analyzed using Mean and t-test statistics. Mean was used to answer the research questions while t-test was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. Findings for research question one revealed that, 12 out of 25 items were the practical skills test development practices among teachers in RTVEW. Findings for research question two revealed that 13 out of 25 items are the practical skills test administration practices among teachers in RTVEW. Findings for research question three revealed that 16 out of 25 items are the practical skills test scoring practices among teachers in RTVEW. Findings for research question four revealed that all the 8 items are the presents techniques for improving practical skills assessment in RTVEW. Findings for hypotheses one, two, three and four revealed that, there was no significant difference between the mean responses of teachers with high experience and those with low experience as regards each research question. It was therefore concluded that the assessment practices employed by RTVEW Teachers in practical test development, administration and scoring does not provide adequate assessment procedures that can truly appraise the extent of what the students have actually learnt. Therefore, teachers should employ assessment techniques that will give the students more opportunity to perform practical and be assessed on a given task individual using practical assessment tool such as the checklist so as build students confidence even at their final examination.
Keywords: Assessment, Teacher-made-test, Test development, Test implementation, Test scoring and Experience.
EVALUATION OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF METALWORK SKILLS ACQUISITION PROGRAMMES IN KATSINA STATE.
Department of Industrial and Technology Education, School of Science and Technology Education, Federal University of Technology Minna, Niger State, Nigeria
This study focuses on the Evaluation of the Implementation of Metalwork Skills Acquisition Programmes in Katsina State, Nigeria. 2 research questions, and 1 null hypothesis guided the study. The study is delimited to metalwork tools, qualification and experience of the instructors. The literature was reviewed under the theoritical and conceptual frameworks of the study, and the review of related empirical studies. The research design adopted for this study was descriptive survey research design. The study used 41 and 39 instructors and administrators of the Metalwork Skills Acquisition Programmes (MSAPS) in Katsina State. A structured questionnaire was used as an instrument for data collection which was validated by three experts, and having a reliability index of 0.80 according to Cronbach Alpha formular. Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) was used for the data analysis. The descriptive statistics of mean was used in answering the research questions, while standard deviation was used in determining the closeness of the mean score, with z-test used in testing the null hypothesis formulated at 0.05 level of significant. The findings of the study showed that: the MSAPS in Katsina State were faced with inadequate tools and facilities, and majority of the instructors were qualified and experienced. The hypotheses tested indicated that there were no significant differences in the mean responses of the instructors and the trainees on the adequacy of metalwork tools and facilities. Based on the findings, the study recommended among others that, adequate metalwork tools and facilities should be provided in line with NBTE minimum standard for teaching metalwork, the small number of unqualified instructors should go for in-service studies among others.
Keywords: Evaluation, Implementation, Metalwork, Skills Acquisition Programmes.
STUDENTS’ ATTITUDE TOWARDS E-LEARNING IN RELATION TO THEIR LEARNING STYLES AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE.
CRISTINA P. CALISANG, DR. ROULLETTE P. CORDEVILLA, DR. JAYMAR T. UMBAC DR. KARL ROY C. MAMHOT
This study aimed to identify the students’ attitude towards e-learning in relation to their learning styles and academic performance. The school covered in this study was Foundation Preparatory Academy High School Department. There were 410 students from grades 7 to grade 11 who served as the respondents to this study. It utilized percentage, frequency, mean, weighted mean, chi-square and Spearman Rank Correlation Coefficient as statistical tools. Majority of the students were 17 years old. There were equal numbers of male and female students. Most of the students had been using their iPad for only 1 year. Most of the parents’ monthly income is between 6,000 to 10,999. Lastly, majority of the parents have studied college or college graduate. Based on the results, students had a “positive” attitude towards e-learning. Meanwhile, majority of them were Visual Learners. Moreover, most of them got a “Very Satisfactory” Grade during their First grading. On the Second and Third Grading most of them got an “Outstanding’ grades and none of them received grades lower than 75% on the third grading. There is a significant relationship between the students’ academic performance and their attitude towards e-learning. There is a significant relationship between the students profile like sex and number of years in using iPad and their attitude towards e-learning. Likewise, there is a significant relationship between the monthly income of parents and number of years using iPad and their learning styles. In general, there is a significant relationship between the students’ attitude towards e-learning and their academic performance.
Keywords: e-learning, learning styles, students’ attitude, academic performance
THE SIGNIFICANT OF CONTINUOUS ASSESSMENT IN NIGERIAN PRIMARY SCHOOLS: THE WAY FORWARD
*ARDO MAJI ALIYU AND **IRMIYA JOSHUA
*School of Education, Department of Psychology, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare, Bauchi State. **CRS Department School of Arts and Social Sciences, Aminu Saleh College Of Education, Azare, Bauchi State.
The choice of any good teaching method in Nigerian Primary School has been subsequently considered to be important in promotion and development of Continuous Assessment in teaching and learning situation. It is based on this background that this paper seeks to examine the meaning of continuous assessment, rationale behind the introduction of continuous assessment, characteristics of continuous assessment, problems associated with the operation of continuous assessment, suggested solutions and tools used. This paper equally focuses on the responsibilities of the various educational development plan, as well as monitoring its implementation for quality teaching /learning situation. The paper also made some recommendations, conclusion and way forward for a successful achievement in Nigerian Primary Schools.
Keywords: Significant, Nigerian, Assessment, Primary School, Way forward.
INFLUENCE OF EARLY MARRIAGE ON EDUCATIONAL AND VOCATIONAL ASPIRATION OF STUDENTS IN WOMEN DAY SECONDARY SCHOOL, MAIDUGURI, BORNO STATE, NIGERIA
1DANIEL MOSES AND 2VIVIENNE ISAAC
1FHI360, Maiduguri, Borneo State, Nigeria 2c/o Ramat Polytechnic, P.M.B. 1070, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria
The study investigated influence of early marriage on educational and vocational aspiration of students in Women Day Secondary School, Maiduguri. The objectives of the study were: to identify characteristics of students who married early, to identify reasons for engaging in early marriage among married female students, to determine the influences of early marriage on educational aspiration of secondary school students and to determine the influence of early marriage on vocational aspiration of secondary school students. The following four research questions were answered: what are the characteristics of students who married early in Women Day secondary School, Maiduguri? What are the reasons for engaging in early marriage in Women day Secondary school? Does early marriage influence educational aspirations of students who married early? And Does early marriage influence vocational aspirations of students who married? The population comprised SS1-SS3 students out of which the researcher used Ex-post facto on three hundred students using Random sampling technique. The researcher use Self-Developed Evaluative Questionnaires (SEQ) and administered to students. Results from the study showed that characteristics of early marriage in Maiduguri metropolis are those who married between the ages of 15-17 years old, mostly from rural polygamous Islamic background and also from large siblings of 6 and above. Their parental background were mostly low unskilled civil servants and farmers who have average qualifications of SSCE or GCE and as well lived far away from the nearest school; lack of guidance and counselling, parental influence, poverty, illiteracy, culture/traditions and lack of knowledge of the values of education were among reasons for early marriage of students in Women Day Secondary School, Maiduguri. Early marriage influences educational aspirations of students in Women Day Secondary School, Maiduguri Metropolis; early marriage influences vocational aspiration of students in Maiduguri Metropolis, Borno State. Based on the findings, the following recommendations were made: there should be an age limit fixed for girls marriage, while education above senior secondary school level be made compulsory before marriage; more women secondary schools should be established in Borno and other places to meet up girls who may wish to continue their school after marriage; there should be massive campaign and enlightenment to parents, husbands and significant others on necessities of educational and vocational aspirations of their children and wives and guidance and counselling centers should be opened in every schools, work places, markets and communities to meet up social, educational and economical problems of students and significant others.
Keywords: Educational, Vocational, Aspiration, Students, Women.
COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF LECTURERS’ PERCEPTION OF STUDENTS’ ATTITUDES TOWARDS TEACHING PRACTICE (TP) BY PROGRAMMES IN ALVAN IKOKU FEDERAL COLLEGE OF EDUCATION (A.I.F.C.E.), OWERRI.
*EGESI JONATHAN CHIDOMERE *EGESI JULIET ADAKU **IHEBOM SHARON EI-BENITA **OKOMA CHIOMA
*Imo State Polytechnic Umuagwo, PMB 1472 Owerri – Nigeria **Alvan Ikoku Fedreal College of Education, Owerri
This study was carried out to compare lecturers’ perception of students’ attitudes towards teaching practice by programmes in Alvan Ikoku Federal College of Education (A.I.F.C.E.), Owerri. The main purpose of this study was to comparatively analyze lecturers’ perception of students’ attitudes to teaching practice by programmes in Alvan Ikoku Federal College of Education Owerri. Four purposes of study and research questions guided the study.This study was carried out in Alvan Ikoku Federal College of Education, Owerri. The study adopted situated learning, modeling and role modeling and constructivism for its theoretical framework. This study employed the survey design. The population of the study was 704 lecturers in A.I.F.C.E., Owerri. The sample of the study was 282 respondents. The instruments that was used in collecting data for analysis in this study was the Questionnaire of Comparative Analysis of Lecturers. The questionnaire was validated by the project supervisor and two experts in the field of educational measurement and evaluation. The reliability coefficient of the instrument was 0.82. The data collected was analyzed using weighted mean descriptive statistics to answer the research questions at a criterion mean of 2.5. The result of analysis showed that lecturers’ perception of students’ attitudes to teaching practice in A.I.F.C.E is negative; lecturers’ perception of students’ attitudes to teaching practice by programmes in A.I.F.C.E is negative; lecturers’ perception of students’ attitudes to teaching practice by gender in A.I.F.C.E is negative and lecturers’ perception of students’ attitudes to teaching practice by location in A.I.F.C.E is negative. The educational implications were pointed out and it was recommended among others that government should begin to give allowances to student teachers when they go on teaching practice and lecturers should show more commitment in the supervision of student teachers when they go on teaching practice. The limitations of the study were also highlighted and suggestions for further research made.
Keyword: Attitude, Teaching Practice, Programme, Students, Teaching
INFLUENCE OF NIGERIA CERTIFICATE IN EDUCATION (NCE) PHYSICS TEACHERS ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF PHYSICS STUDENTS IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN POTISKUM LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF YOBE STATE
MAMUDU AFIZU1 & ADAMU GARBA DALA2
Department of Physics, School of Science Education, Federal College of Education (Technical), P.M.B. 1013, Potiskum, Yobe State
This researcher studied the influence of Nigeria Certificate in Education (NCE) physics teachers on the academic performance of senior secondary school physics students in Potiskum local government area of Yobe state. Ten senior secondary schools that offer physics were captured in the research. Senior secondary school two (SSS2) was put into consideration. Twenty (20) students were randomly sampled from each school. Two groups of ten (10) students were randomly sampled from the twenty (20) students from each school. Fifty percent (50%) were male students and fifty percent (50%) were female students. To determine the performance of the students, one group was taught by NCE physics teachers while the second group was taught by B sc (Ed) physics or B. tech (Ed) physics teachers some selected topics from SSS2 first term scheme of work and a multiple choice questions was administered to the students by the help of the various physics teachers in each school. To compare the performance of the students, percentage of students pass and fail was computed and a statistical mean and standard deviation were also computed. It was discovered in the research that students taught by B Sc (Ed) or B Tech (Ed) physics teachers performed better than those taught by Nigeria Certificate in Education (NCE) physics teachers. Suggestions and recommendations were made by the researcher.
Keywords: physics, teachers, , students, influence, performance
ASSESSMENT OF GROWN-UP ADULTS’ MOTIVATION TO STUDY IN ADVANCED EDUCATION
*MOHAMMED ALHAJI YUSUF: **KAUMI ALKALI KALLI ***AISHATU MUSA
*Department of Business Education, Ramat Polytechnic, Maiduguri. **Department of Industrial & labour Relations, Ramat Polytechnic, Maiduguri *** Department of Social Work, Ramat Polytechnic, Maiduguri
A limited amount of literature has discussed older adults in formal education, especially their motivations to study in advanced education. This study aims to understand grown-up adults’ learning in the context of higher education. Specifically, this study argues that advanced education can function as a stimulating learning environment that helps grown-up adults meet their late-life development needs and can lead them toward a meaningful and optimistic aging experience.
Keywords: Grown adults, motivation to study, advanced education, educational gerontology
THE INFLUENCE OF SCHOOL ENVIRONMENT ON LEARNING AMONG STUDENTS OF BENUE STATE UNIVERSITY, MAKURDI BENUE STATE NIGERIA
*NASIRU NUHU GARKUWA1 **DANIEL BENJAMIN SAANYOL2 AND ***IULUN AONDONGU3
*Department Of Psychology, School Of Education, Aminu Saleh College Of Education, Azare, Bauchi State. **Department Of Community Health, Ihsan College Of Health Science And Technology, Azare, Bauchi State. ***Department Of Psychology, Faculty Of Social Sciences, Benue State University, Makurdi
The purpose of this study was to find out the influence of school environment on learning among students of Benue State University, Makurdi. 250 participants were selected but only 244 respondents returned their questionnaire. A descriptive survey method was used and three hypotheses were tested using simple regression coefficient for the first hypothesis and independent t-test for the second and third hypothesis. The result showed that school environment has no significant influence on students’ learning. Although statistics has not proven a significant influence of school environment on learning, however, some scholars have substantive works with significant influence the school environment has on learning. For example, Day (off-campus) students did differ significantly from their boarding (on-campus) counterparts on learning. There was a significant difference between mixed and single school students on learning. Finally, the study recommended that provision of facilities like modern laboratories, functional libraries, and comfortable classrooms are for better learning. In addition to effective maintenance or renovation of old buildings, chairs, desks, recreational equipment, among others, should be part and parcel of the schools system. The Benue state government and largely state governments in Nigeria should pay more attention to education by providing the necessary funds to state own universities to not only provide necessary learning facilities but maintain existing structures.
Keywords: School Environment, Learning, Single Schools or Classes, Mixed-Schools or Classes, Boarding, Day.
EFFECT OF INDISCIPLINE ON ACADEMIC ACTIVITIES OF STUDENTS IN PUBLIC JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN BAUCHI METROPOLIS
*NURADEEN YAKUBU MOHAMMED **ABDULAZEEZ, KHADIJAH B. (Mrs) *IBRAHIM ABUBAKAR
*Registry Department, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi **Department of Office Technology and Management, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi
Student’s indiscipline has been a source of worry for many schools, parents and other stakeholders concerned with the education of children. This paper therefore reviews the concept of education, discipline, indiscipline and the effect of indiscipline on academic activities performance. Education in any perspective finds its usefulness in area of moral, intellectual, social and spiritual development of the child, this development to a great extent is a function of quality of the educational system, which is partly measured on bases of students’ discipline. Discipline constitutes one of the fundamental, critical and challenging functions of the teacher. Discipline is an aspect of school function which if not well maintained can render the school system ineffective. It was agreed that students with poor moral upbringing are usually implicated in act of indiscipline. It was also strongly agreed that provision of adequate facilities for teaching, and sport will help in reducing indiscipline among students of public junior secondary schools in Bauchi metropolis. The paper conclude that, Absenteeism among students contribute to low academic performance among students of public junior secondary schools in Bauchi metropolis. Poor parental and school supervision of students also hinder academic performance among students of public junior secondary schools in Bauchi metropolis. It was recommended amongst others that, government should provide adequate facilities for teaching and sport as this will help in reducing indiscipline among students of public junior secondary schools in Bauchi metropolis.
Keywords: Indiscipline, Academic, Activities, Students, Public.
EFFECTS OF MODELLING AND COACHING INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGIES ON ACHIEVEMENTS AND INTEREST OF GENERAL METALWORK STUDENTS IN KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA.
JOLLY CHARLES NAIRI, I Y UMAR, IBRAHIM DAUDA, MUSA GARBA, APPOLLOS SIMON & EMMANUEL JOSEPH TUKURA
Nuhu Bamali Polytechnic Zaria, Departments of Technical Education.
The study investigated the Effect of Modeling and Coaching instructional strategy on achievement and interest of General metalwork students in Kaduna state. The study adopted quasi experimental research design of pretest, posttest and non-group design. The population of the study comprises of 171 NTC II students offering General metalwork in two technical colleges in Kaduna state for 2018/2019 session, the total population was used for the study. The instrument used for data collection were General Metalwork Achievement Test (GMWAT) and General Metalwork Interest Inventory (GMWII). The GMWAT was validated by test developer in National Business and Technical Examination Board with the addition of three validate, that validate the (GMWAT) and (GMWII). A trial testing of the two sets of instruments was carried using 30 randomly selected on TC II students of Government Technical Minna, Niger state. Kuder Richardson 21 (KR 21) was used for the General Metalwork Achievement Test (GMWAT) and a coefficient of 0.71 was obtained. On the other hand, Cronbach Alpha reliability technique was used for obtaining the internal consistency of the General Metalwork Interest Inventory (GMWII) instrument and a coefficient of 0.94 was obtained. The data collected were analyzed using mean while the hypotheses were tested using Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) at p < 0.05 level of significant. The findings of the study reveals that, all the instructional strategies modeling and coaching significantly increased academic achievement; interest and retention of learning of the students but the group that were taught with modelling instructional strategy had the highest achievements. Based on the findings, the study therefore recommended among others things that more attention should be given to inclusion of modern instructional strategies such as modelling and coaching in technical colleges in teaching Technical and vocational trade subject such as General metalwork.
Keywords: Modelling, Coaching, Achievements, Metalwork
IMPACT OF DIGITAL LIBRARIES IN SOCIETY
*ALIYU NASIRU MUHAMMAD AND **(DR.) ACHAL GIRI
*Abu Ali Library, A.S.C.O.E, Azare, Bauchi State, Nigeria **G.S.E Separtment, A.S.C.O.E, Azare, Bauchi State, Nigeria
This paper talks on digital library as the concept that stored information digitally and made accessible to users through digital systems and networks, but having no single location. The paper also talks on the, analogous to a library as a storehouse of information, but has a virtual existence in the digital spaces. Digital library is essentially a fully automated information system with all resources in digital form. Many views of digital libraries stem from what libraries currently do. Traditional libraries collect, organize, provide access to, and preserve objects in their collections. A library collection may include books, magazines, journals, theses, dissertations, manuscripts, audio-visuals, maps, etc. The flexibility of digital technology allows it to handle new kinds of object efficiently. A unique characteristic of a digital library is that it is a collection of material organized for access by the users of the electronic documents. The material is in digital form and may consist of or incorporate various media, such as photographs, video, sound recordings, as well as text and page images. The paper concludes by highlighting the challenges of information explosion and information technology revolution leading to the emergence of electronic information era. The paper also make some recommendations, that library should adopt with new technology in this information revolution era by providing easy access to their information needs of its diverging users.
Keywords: Digitization, Digital, Libraries, Traditional Libraries, Technology
MALNUTRITION AND CHILDREN’S LEARNING IN PRIMARY SCHOOL IN ZARIA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, KADUNA STATE: AN INTEGRATED STRATEGY FOR DEVELOPMENT FROM THE VIEWPOINT OF EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY
ABDULMALIK ALIYU AND **DR. IBRAHIM ZUBAIRU
*Directorate for Professional Diploma in Education (DPDE), Federal College Of Education, Zaria **Department Of Educational Psychology, Federal College Of Education, Zaria
This research study is about the influence of malnutrition on children’s learning among primary school pupils in Zaria Local Government Area, Kaduna State. The main objective of the study is to investigate the problems associated with nutritional deficiency and its consequence on learning. From the onset, malnutrition is regarded as an act of omission from food intake; a situation which usually leads to nutritional deficiency problem in individual, of which infants and children who are expected to grow up into healthy productive adults are the greatest sufferers. To achieve that, a survey design was conducted with a questionnaire as a data collection instrument with three hundred (300) respondents chosen as sample based on the guidance of Krejcie and Morgan table of sample size determination. Statistical package of IBM 23 was used to determine the influence of malnutrition on children’s learning. The hypothesis was tested using independent sample chi-square test at 0.05 level of significance. A number of nutritional deficiency problems were highlighted during the course of the investigation. One major finding was made of the fact that malnutrition has significant influence on children’s learning at the level of primary school. As a strategy for development, a recommendation made is that parents should ensure that their children are well fed with balanced diet before, during and after school hours in order to support learning at this crucial stage of child growth and development.
Keywords: Malnutrition, Children’s Learning, Development, Nutrition and Health
ASSESSMENT OF THE UTILIZATION OF TETFUND IN INFRASTRUCTURAL DEVELOPMENT: EVIDENCE FROM SELECTED TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS IN MAIDUGURI, BORNO STATE.
*KURAMA MODU **ALHAJI UMAR MODU ***IDRIS HARUNA
*Department of Public Administration Ramat Polytechnic Maiduguri **Department of Business Administration & Management Ramat Polytechnic Maiduguri ***Department of General Studies College of Education Waka/Biu
The Nigerian Government has spent a lot of resources towards enhancing quality education in terms of infrastructure, manpower training and research through Tertiary Education Trust Fund (TETFund). However, despite these interventions, there are huge gaps in the needs of the tertiary institution in Maiduguri. This study therefore, examined the utilization of TETFund in University of Maiduguri, Ramat Polytechnic and Kashim Ibrahim College of Education in Maiduguri, Borno state, Nigeria. The population of the study was 1898 while the sample size was 330 respondents which were obtained using Yamane’s formula. Data were collected by using structured questionnaire which were administered on the Respondents. Data were collected through the use of structured questionnaire and interview which were administered to the academic staff of the selected institutions and TETFund desk officers of the selected institutions and TETFund head office in Abuja. The study used descriptive and inferential tools for data analysis. The hypotheses were tested using ANOVA analysis. The findings of the study revealed that TETFund are not sufficient to meet up with the target needs of infrastructure in tertiary institutions in Maiduguri., it was concluded that the level of utilization of TETFund has impacted positively on the development of the selected Tertiary institutions in Maiduguri, Borno State. The study recommended that TETFund should make funds readily available for the timely execution of projects and there should be strict monitoring in the utilization of those funds from TET Fund.
Keywords: TETFund Utilisation; Infrastructural Development; Tertiary institutions.
EFFECT OF USE OF INTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS AND GENDER DIFFERENCE ON SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE IN MAIDUGURI, BORNO STATE, NIGERIA
*BITRUS GLAWALA AMUDA **ASABE AUDU ***BUKAR WAZIRI
*Department of Educational Psychology, Guidance and Counselling, Kashim Ibrahim College of Education, Maiduguri, Borno State **Government Day Secondary School, Mafoni, Maiduguri, Borno State. ***Department of Education, Ramat Polytechenic Maiduguri, Borno State
This study investigated the effect of use of instructional materials and gender differences on senior secondary school students’ academic performance in agricultural science in Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria. The objectives of this study were to determine the effect of use of instructional materials and gender differences in academic performance of students in senior secondary schools in Maiduguri, Borno State. The study used quasi-experimental design with two groups of experiment and control. The target population was fourteen (14) senior secondary schools in Maiduguri. Through stratified random sampling method, three (3) senior secondary schools were selected based on male, female and mixed schools for the study. The instrument used for data collection was self-developed performance test questions in agricultural science. The performance test in agricultural science was made up of 30 multiple-choice items. The items were drawn from the scope of agricultural science SS1 syllabus. The reliability coefficient obtained was 0.86. The study lasted for five weeks. The data collected was analysed using t-test of independent samples. The mean and standard deviation of the experimental group were higher than the control group, which showed that, there was a significant effect on gender difference in the use of instructional materials on senior secondary school students in Maiduguri, Borno State. The study concludes that, gender difference exit on students taught with instructional materials than those taught without instructional materials. Based on the findings of this study, it was recommended that, Borno State Ministry of Education should provide different types of instructional materials to schools.
Keywords: Effect, use, Instructional materials, Gender, Academic performance
TEACHERS UTILIZATION OF IMPROVEMENT TEACHING STRATEGIES FOR INSTRUCTIONAL DELIVERY IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN GWAGWALADA AREA COUNCIL, ABUJA, NIGERIA
LOVE E. EBUK (Ph.D)
Department of Educational Management, Faculty of Education, University of Abuja
There are some improvement teaching strategies which can help teachers in their teaching for students to learn better. This study focus on “Teachers utilization of Improvement Teaching Strategies for Instructional Delivery in Senior Secondary Schools in Gwagwalada Area Council, FCT, Abuja. A survey research design was adopted for the study. Out of the larger population of 2362 teachers, 400 teachers were used for the study. The instrument used for collection of data was a “Questionnaire on Teachers Utilization of Improvement Teaching Strategies for Instructional Delivery (TUITSID). Statistics used to analyse the data were frequency and mean. The finding of the study showed that teachers were not trained to utilize improvement teaching strategies to deliver instruction in senior secondary schools in Gwagwalada, FCT. It was recommended that secondary schools should introduce these improvement strategies and ensure that teachers are trained on how to use them to teach.
Keywords: Teachers, Utilization, Improvement, Strategies, Instructional Delivery.
STUDY ON THE BARRIERS INFLUENCING TEACHERS’ ADOPTION AND INTEGRATION OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY INTO TEACHING AND LEARNING PROCESS: A REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE
*ABDULLAHI ABUBAKAR HAMANI & **AHMAD AUWAL
*Department of Library and Information Science, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi. **ICT/MIS Directorate, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi.
Global investment in ICT to improve teaching and learning in schools have been initiated by many governments. Despite all these investments on ICT infrastructure, equipment and professional development to improve education in many countries, ICT adoption and integration in teaching and learning have been limited. This article reviews personal characteristic factors that encourage teachers’ use of computer technology in teaching and learning processes. These barriers include Teachers’ attitudes, ICT Competence, computer self-efficacy, Teaching Experience and Teacher workload. Research has revealed that these factors are related to each other. However, lack of teacher ICT skills; lack of teacher confidence; lack of pedagogical teacher training; lack of suitable educational software; limited access to ICT; rigid structure of traditional education systems; restrictive curricula, etc are also contributing factor. The article concluded that knowing the extent to which these barriers affect individuals and institutions may help in taking a decision on how to tackle them.
Keywords: ICT Adoption and Integration; Information and Communication Technologies; Personal; Institutional and Technological Factors.