SUB-SAHARA AFRICAN JOURNAL OF AFRICAN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT (SJASD)
VOL 21 (2) SEPTEMBER, 2021 ISSN: 2115-4255
Sub-Sahara African Academic Research Publications,
Centre for African Development Studies, University of Ibadan,
P. O. Box 10108, U. I. Post Office. Ibadan Oyo State, Nigeria, West-Africa.
DOMESTICATING AN INTEGRATED CURRICULUM AS A PANACEA FOR SECURITY CHALLENGES AND NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
1DR. MRS. MULKAH A. AHMED, 1DR. MRS. ADUKE R. AHMED, 2MATHEW, B. ALEDARE
1Department of Science Education, University of Ilorin, Ilorin. 2Department of Integrated Science, Kogi State College of Education, Ankpa
This paper emphasizes the contributions of education to national development and security challenges. It stresses the fact that a nation develops in relation to its achievement in education. This explains why contemporary world attention has focused on education as an instrument of launching nations into the world of science and technology and with consequential hope of human advancement in terms of living conditions and development of the environment. This is because, education, in the life of a nation, is the live wire of its industries and also the foundation of moral regeneration and revival of its people. It is also the force and bulwark of any nation’s defence and it has been observed that no nation rises above the level of its education. Seeing education in this perspective calls for proper funding from federal, state and local governments to make the sector produce the desired results which will stimulate national development. In Nigeria, much is not being derived from the sector due to neglect on the part of government, corruption, policy discontinuity, inter alia. To make the nation derive maximum dividends from the sector, useful recommendations are made.
Keywords: Integrated, Curriculum, National Development, National Security
ASSESSMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL AUDITING OF FISHERY RESOURCES IN NIGER DELTA, NIGERIA
AGHUGHU A. ADOLPHUS1, D.U SANGARI2, A.T OGAH3, M. ALKALI4
1,2&3Department of Geography, Faculty of Environmental Science, Nasarawa State University, Keffi. 4Department of Environmental Management, Faculty of Environmental Science, Nasarawa State University, Keffi.
This study assess environmental Audit on Fisheries resources in the Niger Delta. The study used both primary and Secondary Sources of data. The findings of the research revealed that there were no strong institutions for Overall Coastal Artisanal Fishery Management with appropriate Policies, Plans and Strategies, legal and institutional framework to achieve the sustainable and integrated use of coastal resources, taking into account the fragility of coastal ecosystems and the finite nature of their natural resources, and the needs of coastal communities. Over times, fishing may cease to be a major source of food for humanity and a provider of employment and economic benefits to those engaged in this activity not minding the fact that aquatic resources are not infinite and need to be properly managed. There is lack of State policies, plans & strategies for monitoring and enforcement of legislations on fisheries resources, except for community Artisanal fisheries and Fishermen’s organisations practising an exclusive rights-based regime where Fisheries resources could not sustain an often-uncontrolled increase of exploitation. Oil spills pollution remains the greatest threat to sustainable and responsible artisanal fishery in the Niger-Delta. Pollution and degradation of coastal and marine areas (SDG 3-pollution and erosion) impacted negatively on depleting fishery resources (SDG 14-Life below water).The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea adopted in 1982 provides for better management of marine resources giving coastal States rights and responsibilities for the management and use of fishery resources within their domain through Strong institutions– SDG 16 to monitor/ enforce coastal environmental compliance and code for responsible fisheries for sustainable artisanal coastal fishery. Fisheries resources could not sustain an often-uncontrolled increase of exploitation. Artisanal fisheries authorities should ensure pollution, waste, discards, catch by lost or abandoned gear, catch of non-target species, both fish and non-fish species, and impacts on associated or dependent species are minimized, through measures including, to the extent practicable, the development and use of selective, environmentally safe and cost-effective fishing gear and techniques
Keywords: Environmental, Audit, Fisheries, Resources, Delta
IMPACT OF POPULATION GROWTH ON SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF AKWANGA TOWN, NASARAWA STATE, NIGERIA
FRANCIS DAMACHI1, ILIYASU M. ANZAKU2, SAMAILA BUBA3, JENNIFER H. HAMADU4, USMAN S. LAY5
1Department of Geography, Faculty of Environmental Science, Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Nigeria. 2Department of Science, School of Continuing Education, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria. 3&4Department of Geography, Faculty of Humanity, Management and Social Sciences, Federal University, Kashere, Gombe State, Nigeria. 5Department of Geography, Faculty of Environmental Science, Nasarawa State University, Keffi
This study examined the impact of population growth on the physical and economic development of Akwanga Town. Key issues in the research were causes of population growth impact of population growth on the physical and existing infrastructures and the relationship between population growth and economic development Questionnaires were administered to three hundred and fifty respondents. The data was analyzed using simple descriptive statistics and Pearson Correlation Co-efficient (P. CC). The findings revealed that migration, fertile land for agriculture, cultural and religious beliefs were among the factors responsible for population growth in the study area. The degradation of the biodiversity, increased solid waste and pollution were the impact of population growth in Akwanga town. There were positive relationships between population growth and small scale business (+1.02) and investment on housing and hospitality (+ 1.08). It was agreed that there are negative relationship, between population and unemployment (+1.89) and a negative relationship between population and resources (-0.42).
Keywords: Impact, Population, Growth, Planning, Socio
INFLUENCE OF TRAINING ON PERFORMANCE OF HEALTH PROMOTERS IN MATERNAL NEWBORN AND CHILD HEALTH EDUCATION IN AKWA IBOM STATE
AKINTAYO, BABAFEMI J., EKEH, CHARLES M., & EKPEYONG, SIFON O.
Department of Mass Communication, Babcock University, Ilishan-Remo, Ogun State
The inclusion of Maternal, New-born and Child Health (MNCH) targets in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) highlights the enormity of MNCH challenge and the efforts taken towards reducing maternal, new born and child mortality in Africa. The MNCH training for health promoters was developed towards improving health promoters’ performance; thus a reduction in maternal and infant mortality. The study therefore examined the influence of training on the performance of health promoters in maternal, newborn and child health education. Descriptive survey was adopted for the study, while the multi-staged technique was used to sample 125 respondents in four LGAs in Akwa Ibom state. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistical method. Findings revealed that the training for health promoters in Akwa Ibom state is to an extent deficient as health promoters do not significantly influence mothers’ health behaviours. It was recommended among others that techniques and strategies for socialization and health education should be revisited in Akwa Ibom state with a strong framework included for testing mothers’ adoption of health information as a measurement of health promoters’ level of efficiency.
Keywords: Training, Health promotion, Health Education, Social Mobilization, Health Behaviour.
ASSESSING THE BANE OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT FINANCING IN FCT AREA COUNCILS, ABUJA, NIGERIA.
SARKA S.W., 1 MAGAJI J. Y., 2 & NDEN N. N.3
1Department of Public Administration, National Open University of Nigeria, Abuja. 2Department of Geography and environmental Management, University of Abuja. 3Department of Finance and Accounts, FCT Area Councils Staff Pension Board, Abuja.
One significant index of Nations’ development globally, is the extent of their development at the rural areas. To this end, this paper assesses the challenges inherent in rural development financing in three Area Councils (ACs) (Abaji, Bwari, and Gwagwalada) of the FCT, Abuja in relation to their developmental state. The bane of rural development financing in the Area Councils was particularly examined based on the perception of the respondents on some factors believed to be militating against rural development. The study is anchored on integrated rural development theory. It adopted a survey research design and employed both primary and secondary sources of data. The primary sources include the administration of questionnaires to 274 respondents and field observation, while, the secondary data was gleaned from the records of the selected Area councils, books, and periodicals, among others. The primary data was analyzed with the help of SPSS software; Kruskal-Wallis H-test statistics were used to test the hypothesis. Findings of the study reveals, high interference on the affairs of the area councils by higher tiers of government, political and traditional elites; non-viability and ignorance of some potentials revenue sources; undue reliant on statutory allocations which impact negatively on their internal revenue derives; corruption, tax evasion and conflicts over control of some viable revenue sources between the state (FCTA) and the area councils limit the finances available for rural development. Finally, the area councils lack adequate knowledge of investments that could enlarge their coffers. The study therefore, recommends election of visionary and discipline leaders to attract the deserved political support for efficiency, timely revision of revenue tariff to reflect current economic realities, specialized revenue court for proper disciplinary and legal measures in mitigating the problem of tax evasion habits, misconduct and corruption among the revenue officials/consultants.
Keywords: Local Government, Financing, Financing Sources, Development, Rural Development.
ENTERPRENEURIAL ORIENTATION AND WOMEN ENTREPRENEURS PERFORMANCE IN AGRIC BUSINESS PRACTICE: EVIDENCE FROM OBAFEMI OWODE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, NIGERIA
*AKINYELE, SAMUEL TAIWO; **AKINYELE, ESTHER FEYISAYO; & ***AJIBONA, OLATUNJI IBRAHIM
*Dept. of Entrepreneurial Studies, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria. **Dept. of Business Administration, School of Postgraduate Studies, Crawford University Igbesa, Ogun State, Nigeria. ***Dept. of Entrepreneurial Studies, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria
This research study critically examines entrepreneurial orientation and women entrepreneur’s performance in agricbusiness (poultry) practice by observing selected SMEs in Obafemi Owode LGA in Ogun State. The study had four specific objectives to investigate which where to assess the extent to which innovativeness affects income, to ascertain the relationship that exists between autonomy and sales growth, to determine the effect of proactiveness on total asset growth and to evaluate the impact of risk taking on return on asset among selected SMEs in Obafemi Owode L.G.A in Ogun State. Data was using a well-structured questionnaire from 104 respondents of randomly selected SMEs in the region of Obafemi Owode L.G.A, Ogun state. The tools used for the data analysis were tables, frequencies, percentage, mean and linear regression analysis which were used to test the hypotheses. It was observed that entrepreneurial orientation has a positive significant effect on women entrepreneur’s performance. The determinants of entrepreneurial orientation were innovativeness, autonomy, proactiveness and risk taking. Although, entrepreneurial orientation was one of the significant determinants of women entrepreneurs performance, this study recommended that managers must take into consideration the dimensions entrepreneurial orientation (EO) to adopt based on the current circumstances of the enterprise and the area where the dimension is desired to achieve business success for the organization and to bring benefit to its shareholders in order to achieve economic growth, improved standard of living and wider benefits to the society
Keywords: Agricbusiness, Women entrepreneurs, Entrepreneurial orientation, SMEs, Performance.
A LITERATURE SURVEY ON THE POTENTIAL IMPACTS OF FRACKING ON NIGERIA ECONOMIC, SOCIAL, LEGAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY
OLADOTUN ANIFOWOSE PH.D. A & SADHANA MANIK PH.D. B
a Lecturer, The Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria b Professor, University of Kwa Zulu-Natal, South Africa
This study presents an intensive survey of literature focused on the different aspects of fracking potential impacts as related to Nigeria economy, social and environmental sustainability and establishes an understanding of the potential benefits and impacts of fracking on diverse spectrum of sustainability. The development of more innovative ways to limit the environmental damages of the fracking process should be on the priority list of the construction and engineering community’s research agendas. Finally, an international assessment of fracking would be very useful in addressing the opportunities and threats of the fracking process.
Keywords: Fracking; Economic; Environmental; Legal; Social; Nigeria
EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS OF ROAD TRAFFIC CRASHES: A STUDY OF BAUCHI STATE, NORTH-EAST NIGERIA
BOBAI, FRANCIS DANJUMA1 AND ABARSHI, MUSA YUSUF (Ph.D)2
1Nigerian Institute of Transport Technology, P.M.B. 1148, Zaria- Kaduna State. 2Department of Economics, Gombe State University Nigeria,
The Study analyzed the trend of road traffic crashes in Bauchi sta The Study analyzed the trend of road traffic crashes in Bauchi state over the period 2007-2016. To realize the objective, the study used descriptive statistics to analyse using the data collected from Federal Road Safety Commission (FRSC). The results reveal that 2,395 accidents were recorded during the period, and 1,565 people got either killed or seriously injured in the accidents. It was further discovered that the accidents involved mostly motor cycles or cars. In the light of the findings, the study recommended that government through FRSC should make training of drivers compulsory and put in place mechanism for monitoring, supervising and punishing culprits in the state.
Keywords: Traffic Crashes, Trend, Casualty, Vehicles and Bauchi State
THE EFFECT OF INCREASE IN VALUE ADDED TAX (VAT) RATE ON ECONOMIC GROWTH IN NIGERIA
AYANWUYI JOHNSON; FARAYOLA, AYO ADE; & IRIABIJE EMMANUEL UAREME
Department of Accountancy, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi
The study intended to investigate the effect of increase in value added tax (VAT) rate on the growth of an economy. The specific objectives of the study were: to find out To find out impact of increase in VAT rate on Gross Domestic Product (GDP), to find out the impact of increase in VAT rate on National Income, to find out the impact of increase of VAT on Net National Income and to find out impact of increase in VAT rate on Foreign Direct Investment. Secondary data was used for collection of data from the Nigerian statistical report available on the indicators used in the objective of the study. The source of data was mainly secondary data from annual statistics publications of Bureau of Statistics of Nigeria. The population of this study was the entire Nigerian economy using VAT, GDP, NI, NNI and FDI. The sample size of this study was still the Nigerian Economy limited to the proxies of economic growth used. The collected data were edited, organized to meaningful way and were analyzed and presented in by using the SPSS software for data analysis via the use of regression analysis and correlation analysis for test of hypothesis. The major findings show that the increase in value added tax has an effect on economic growth of Nigeria. The study recommended that economic policy makers and government should ensure that before there is any change in economic policy such as that, careful study and research should be made as to the real effects that the change in policy might have on the economy therefore government is advised to look for other means of increasing and improving economic growth as the effects of increase in value added tax has diverse effects on the economy and is not fixed and should not be fully relied upon. The study concluded that increase in VAT has an impact on the economic growth of Nigeria
Keywords: Value Added Tax, Economic Growth, Gross Domestic Product, National Income, Net National Income and Foreign Direct Investment.
ANALYSIS OF ECONOMETRIC RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FINANCIAL INTERMEDIATION AND ECONOMIC GROWTH IN NIGERIA
OKEKE RAPHAEL CHUKWUMA; & ORAFU EBERE BENEDETH
Department of Accountancy, Federal Polytechnic Oko, Anambra State.
This paper seeks to examine the impact of financial intermediation on economic growth in Nigeria. Time series data from 1970 to 2010 were used and were gathered from the CBN publications. For the analysis, the unit root test and cointegration test were done accordingly and the error correction model was estimated using the Engle-Granger technique. The paper established that financial intermediation has a significant impact on economic growth in Nigeria.
Keywords: Economic Growth, Financial Intermediation, Money supply, Commercial Bank
DEVELOPMENT IN DISARRAY: DEFINITIONAL PLURALITY AND IMPLICATIONS ON THIRD WORLD COUNTRIES
*MR. OKAFOR, CHUKWUDI COSMAS; *MR. GARBA IBRAHIM; & **MR. OKPOEBO, CASMIR CHUKWUDI
*Department of Public Administration, School of Business Studies, Federal Polytechnic, Nasarawa **Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of General Studies, Federal Polytechnic, Nasarawa
The concept ‘development’ is one of those concepts which are not exclusively ascribed to a particular area of knowledge. This is because its various connotations are adopted to explain phenomena in the natural sciences, social sciences, arts and humanities, physical sciences, mathematical sciences, etc. even photographers have use for the term. When the term development is used therefore, it conveys a message of growth, advancement, progress, modernization, change, improvement, etc. Perhaps, as a result of the plethora of connotations, it has been plagued with the problem of a definition generally acceptable to scholars. The focus of this paper however, being a social science based paper, is to present a concept of development against the background of failed attempts in many Third World Countries. The paper has eight (8) parts made up of abstract, introduction, statement of the problem, objective of the study, research methodology, literature review, conclusion, recommendations, and reference. In part six (literature review), the paper looked at the definition of development by some scholars; explored the historical origin of economic development, highlighted the specificity of economic development using some variables, then concluded the paper by asserting that the West propagated notion and process of development had led to many of the development oriented efforts of less developed nations ending up as mirage, and that development oriented activities and efforts are best spurred internally than initiated from outside. Development is more of indigenous and autonomous than foreign and dependent. Recommendations were made i. Enhancing the nation’s extraction capacities and capabilities. ii. Building the capacity of citizens psychologically, intellectually and in skills. iii. Creating enabling environment for corporate, group and individual initiatives and efforts to thrive, with emphasis on security and fiscal matters. iv. Sustaining the programs, efforts and progress recorded, and the will and loyalty of the citizens.
Keywords: Economic, development, disarray, plurality, third world.
EFFECT OF EMPLOYEE COMPENSATION ON ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT FOR GROWTH AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
JULIANA AUSTINE RAPHEAL; & ABUBAKAR BARKINDO
Department of Business Administration, Federal Polytechnic, Mubi, Adamawa-Nigeria.
The problem of the study look at how an understanding of the factors involved in job satisfaction is relevant to improve the wellbeing of a significant number of employees for economic growth and sustainable development. The major objective of the study is to assess the relationship between employee compensation and employee performance in Federal Polytechnic, Mubi. The population of the study covered the entire staff of Federal Polytechnic Mubi covering (2,003) staff consisting of academic and non-academic staff, the sample size for this study is 400, which comprises of 786 academic staff and 1217 non-academic staff using proportional allocation formula, the instrument used for collecting data from the respondents is the questionnaire, and the data gathered from the respondent was analyzed using percentage analysis. The result of correlation revealed negative relationship existing between variables, where the r-value of (-0.662, -0.761 and -0.857 < 0.05). Also the findings revealed that majority of the staff of Federal Polytechnic were not adequately compensated. The study therefore, recommends that management should adopt a system of effective compensation management for effective employees’ commitment to tasks and duties to promote economic growth and sustainable development.
Keywords: Employee, Compensation, Organizational Commitment, Growth, Sustainable Development
LOCUST BEANS WASTE ASH ALKALINE ACTIVATED METAKAOLIN AND ALKALINE ACTIVATED RICE HUSK ASH AS PARTIAL REPLACEMENT FOR CEMENT IN CONCRETE
ADEJOH BENJAMIN OCHOLA1, NAZEEF MAHMOOD2, JOSHUA ABIMIKU3
Department of Civil Engineering, Kaduna Polytechnic
This study Locust beans waste ash alkaline activated metakaolin and alkaline activated rice husk ash as partial replacement for cement in concrete has been investigated. The Locust beans waste ash, activated rice husk ash and metakaolin was partially replace as cement by percentage of 5%, 10%, 15% and 20% respectively. 60 number of grade 20 concrete cubes and 60 numbers of grade 25 concrete cubes were cast in laboratory and cured for 7, 14, 21, and 28 days respectively in accordance to BS1881: part 116: 1983. The study uses water/cement ratio of 0.55; with the hope that its usage would reduce accumulation of locust beans waste ash, rice husk wastes and metakaolin which is harmful to human health. The rice husk was carbonized, sieved after carbonization using sieve size 150m and was activated in the chemical laboratory using sodium hydroxide (NaOH) as the alkaline medium. However despite the observed loss in strengths of the concrete, it can still be used for various application requiring medium and low strength in accordance to concrete grade 5, a strength which is achieved with these replacement of locust beans waste ash activated rice husk ash and activated metakaolin in concrete: such as non-load bearing concrete wall, sidewalks, road barrier, concrete block, kerbs. The amount of concrete produce worldwide for this application could ensure the viability of this study.
Keywords: Cementious material, Compressive strength, Locust beans waste ash, Rice husk ash, Metakaolin, Pozzolana, filler,
DESIGN, FABRICATION AND DEPLOYMENT OF ANTI-RUSTLING TRACKING SYSTEM
1I.H. USMAN, 1A. Y. JUMBA, 2 A. I. AROKHAMONI, 3M. A. YUSUF
1Departement of Electrical Electronic Engineering Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi 2Artmann Technologies Limited Lagos 3Department of Computer Science, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Bauchi
The livestock owners need technology to combat theft (rustling) thereby preventing the perpetual loss of lives and properties as well as boosting the agricultural productivity and safety. This work is aimed at providing approach to reduce or completely solve the rustling problem through technology that tracks and monitors cattle movements. The proposed solution involves tagging each cow or bull with location reporting device. These devices allow owners of tagged cattle to monitor their movement from their phones, tablets or computers. The devise comprised of Google maps, GSM Module, GPS module and STM32L071KZU6 Microcontroller. Five devices were fabricated using 3D printer. The operations of these devices deployed on Cattle Farm showed 100% success with average battery life of 48 Hours. Implementing this work might provide security agencies with name of the place and coordinates of stolen or lost cattle, thereby, allowing such cattle to be quickly located and recovered.
Keywords: Livestock, Safety, GSM, GPS, Microcontroller
THE RELEVANCE OF HUMAN CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT TOWARDS SUSTAINABLE HEALTH, SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
MERCY OSATO, OMOIFO-IREFO
Petroleum Training Institute, Effurun, Delta State, Department of Industrial Safety and Environmental Technology.
The significant role of effective Human Capacity Development (HCD) in enhancing the achievement of sustainability targets has garnered attention overtime. This recognition has led to investments in Human Capital Development (HCD) Programs like education and trainings for employees by companies to achieve sustainable development or sustainability. However, the holistic relevance of HCD towards sustainable health, safety and environmental management remains a grey area which necessitates a befitting research. This research attempts to fill this existing gap in extant literature. It was discovered that there is the tendency for people to be emotionally and actively driven to synergize towards achievement of sustainability objectives set out by institutions that are committed to enhancing their skills, potentials, capabilities and freedom to make informed decisions. Likewise, it was revealed that the implementation of HCD culture and programs is currently more prevalent within workplaces in developed countries. Consequently, developmental agencies like the European Commission, OECD and UN still have quite some work to do in their bid to encourage the implementation of HCD within the global workplace. The management of companies within developing countries are also enjoined to invest in HCD programs to bridge the existing gap with their developed counterparts.
Keywords: Human Capacity, Development, Health, Safety, Environment, Sustainability.
TERTIARY EDUCATION TRUST FUND (TETFUND) AND PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT IN TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS IN BAUCHI STATE OF NIGERIA: A STUDY OF ABUBAKAR TAFAWA BALEWA UNIVERSITY BAUCHI (2012-2019)
OKOLO CHRISTOPHER CHUCK1 PROF. YAHAYA A. ADADU2, DR. MUHAMMAD BELLO BABAN UMMA3 & PROF. ABDULLAHI MUHAMMAD YAMMA4
1Department of General Studies, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, Bauchi State 2,3,4Department of Political Science, Nasarawa State University, Keffi Nasarawa State
The study examined the effect of Tertiary Education Trust Fund intervention on infrastructural development in Tertiary institution in Bauchi state. The study utilized both primary and secondary method of data collection. Descriptive and used to present data, inferential Statistics was used to analyzed the data while content analysis was used to analysis the secondary data. Weighed Mean score was used to validate the research propositions using the decision rule of 3.00. Institutional Theory as propounded by Meyer and Rowan (1977) was adopted as theoretical framework. Findings from the study revealed that the state of physical infrastructure in Abubakar Tafawa Balewa Bauchi before the TETFUND intervention were inadequate and dysfunctional. Findings from the study also show that, TETFund as intervention agency has addressed some of the challenges of physical infrastructure in Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi. The study recommends that, Government at different levels should be committed to educational development instead of leaving the whole weight to TETFund that is even a supporting agency. Emphasis should be on development and maintenance of physical infrastructure to avoid decay of critical infrastructure. The government should review the current 2% company tax. This is because the major source of funding available to the TETFund remains the 2% tax collected from the companies the 2% tax from accessible profit of registered companies in Nigeria, which need to be reviewed to a range between 3% to 5% so as to provide enough funding for the agency to execute her major objectives.
Keywords: Physical, Infrastructure, Development, Tertiary Institutions, Nigeria.
ACHIEVING SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS IN NIGERIA THROUGH PEACE EDUCATION: RELIGIOUS EXAMPLE
BAMIDELE, OMOTAYO AYANLEKE
Christian Religious Department, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare, Bauchi State
Peace is an essential ingredient of development. In a society where there is no peace, certainly growth and development suffer. Therefore, to create the culture of peace, there is every need to impact culture of peace in the mind of the younger generation through teaching and learning peace. To this extent, this paper focuses on teaching peace education in the Nigerian schools using religious paradigm as a means of sustainable development in Nigeria. This paper overviews some of the factors that have been the sources of threat to peace in the contemporary Nigerian society. It also examines the relationships between peace and sustainable development. Again, it discourses the factors that have been promoting violence in Nigerian society; the importance of peace education to Nigerian society. The paper sees peace advocated by the major religions in the Nigerian society as an ideal example of peace education that needed to be inculcated as part of peace education in Nigerian school. The paper however recommended that emphasis should be placed on peace education at every level of our educational system. It also suggested that those delicate issues that can trigger violence in our society should be avoided
Keywords: Achieving, Sustainable Development, peace, education, Religious
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF MINING IN SOME SELECTED COMMUNITIES IN YOBE, YOBE STATE
BALA, SAGIR MADAKI; & ASHIRU SABIU YUSUF
Dept. of General Studies, School of General Studies, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi
This study examined the nature of mining operations, the extent of environmental degradation caused by mining activities and effect of mining on other human activities. Data was sourced using observations, focus group discussion and direct measurements of the diameter and depth of pits from the mining locations in Local Government Area. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics which shows an overburden of dumps which are the basic indicators of degradation at all the mine sites. Soil erosion and land subsidence are observed. Mining activities have also encroached upon other land use activities such as crop cultivation, grazing and forestry. Mitigation can be through increased level of awareness, provision of tarred road to stop encroachment on agricultural land, enforcement of existing regulations, Environmental Impact Assessment etc.
USE OF AGRICULTURAL WASTE PRODUCTS FOR SOIL IMPROVEMENT IN GEOTECHNICAL APPLICATIONS: A REVIEW
UCHENNA VICTOR NDIFE
Department of Civil Engineering, Federal Polytechnic, Oko
Soil improvement using agricultural waste products has attracted considerable attention in recent years, with the aim of reducing the amount of environmental wastes and the harmful environmental effects of traditional binders, such as cement. This paper aims to provide a review on the environmental assessment of using agricultural waste products as binders in soil improvement. The wastes considered include saw dust ash (SDA), rice husk ash (RHA), sugar cane bagasse ash (SCBA), Oyster shell ash (OSA) and oil palm empty fruit bunch ash (OPEFA).Various geotechnical properties were evaluated, including the unconfined compressive strength (UCS), shear strength, and physical properties of the treated soils. Potential opportunities for agricultural waste products in geotechnical engineering and the challenges are also presented.
Keywords: Sustainable environment, agro waste ash-treated soils; soil improvement; geotechnical properties
OPTIMAL DESIGN OF ROOM ILLUMINATION USING LED BULB FOR REDUCED ENERGY CONSUMPTION
ADAMU, KABIRU SA’IDU1, MOHAMMED, ADAMU SULE2, HALILU, DANIEL BORSKGHINCHIN3, DABS, YAKUBU DABO4
1Department of Electrical Engineering Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Kaltungo, Gombe. 2Department of Computer Engineering Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Kaltungo, Gombe. 3,4Department of Electrical Engineering Technology, Abubakar Tatari Ali Polytechnic, Bauchi
This paper presents optimal design of room illumination using light emitting diode (LED) bulb using Matlab software. Three different scenarios were tested: (a) a single 68W LED bulb was used;(b) two 28W LED bulbs; (c) three 24W bulbs. An M-script program was written and run in the Matlab command window for the three different cases while varying the positions of the bulbs in cases (b) and (c). Locations of maximum illumination for the room were then determined. The advantage of this optimal design is to give the room maximum illumination while reducing energy consumption and consequently saving cost, particularly in developing countries.
Keywords: LED, Lumens, Illumination, Wattage, Luminous Efficacy, Matlab.
DIVERSIFICATION INTO AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION AS A PANACEA TO THE PROBLEMS OF UNEMPLOYMENT IN NORTHWESTERN NIGERIA. A CASE STUDY OF KANO STATE
MA’ARUF TIJJANI & SHITU SANI
The aim of the study is to examine the effect of diversification into agricultural production as a panacea to the problem of unemployment in northwestern Nigeria. Using simple statistical analysis, result of the study have indicated a negative and significant relationship between agricultural production and unemployment rate from the year 2015 to 2020. The study recommends that government in Nigeria should improve on mobilization of people to understand and harness the processes of diversification. It should also try to improve and provide more infrastructural facilities such as power supply, markets, roads, seaports, airports,etc to help in easy movement of goods and services.
Keywords: Diversification, Agricultural, Production, Problems, Unemployment.
MONEY POLITICS AND DEMOCRATIC SUSTAINABILITY IN NIGERIA
ADAMS YAHAYA ATATA
Department of General Studies, Federal Polytechnic, Damaturu, Yobe State, Nigeria.
Money politics and democratic sustainability in Nigeria is an empirical study that seeks to understand the influence of money in determining the ascendancy to political office. It queries the democratic culture and political behavior among Nigerians. It also seeks to measure electioneering pledges against performance of political office holders. It seeks answers to the question of when, how, and why has money become a determining factor of who wins an election in democratic processes. Relevant literatures were reviewed to enhance our understanding of the current dilemma with a view to enable our coverage of some gaps in knowledge. Theoretical perspectives of Power elite and social contract colour the line of argument and analysis in this paper. The findings of the survey are heavily discussed, while workable solutions were suggested.
Keywords: Democracy, money politics, Nigeria, power elite, social contract.