JOURNAL OF HUMAN, SOCIAL AND POLITICAL SCIENCE RESEARCH
VOL. 29 NO. 6 SEPT., 2023.
SUB-SAHARA AFRICAN ACADEMIC PUBLICATIONS,
Centre for African Development Studies, P. O. Box 10108, U. I. Post Office. Ibadan Oyo State, Nigeria.
LES MERES DEVORANTES DANS C’EST LE SOLEIL QUI M’A BRȖLÉE, TU T’APPELLERAS TANGA, SEUL LE DIABLE LE SAVAIT ET ASSÈZE ľAFRICAINE DE CALIXTHE BEYALA
DR DIBIE GODFREY ATUNU
Department of General Studies, Federal University, Wukari, Taraba State.
Le rôle de la mère traditionnelle ou modern dans la maison c’est pour faire des tâches très importante comme garder et aider les enfants, organise toutes choses dans la maison, prépare les nourritures pour la famille et fait d’autres choses, donc la présence de la mère dans la famille aide le développement général de la famille. Selon Kane, la famille africaine est un lieu d’inculcation de valeurs et ce sont les femmes qui transmettent les valeurs culturelles à leur enfants. Des leur jeune âge. Mais malheureusement les images de certaines fummes présentée dans c’est le soleil qui m’a brûlée, Tu t’appelleras Tanga, Seul le diable le savait et Assené l’Africaine de calixthe Beyala montrent dairement les images des mères dévorante, qui exploite et vend ses enfant.
LANGUAGE AS POPULAR CULTURE
MUSTAPHA MULIKAT OLUWATOYIN
Emmanuel Alayande University of Education, Oyo, Faculty of Arts, Department of Yoruba.
Language users, students, and anybody involved in language education should all have a basic awareness of the connection between language and popular culture. The variety of viewpoints expressed on language use may be made clearer for language instructors and students in general by recognizing the disparities in opinion regarding the relationship between language and popular culture. Additionally, as the way we choose to use language matters to all of us, understanding the various points of view may help both first-and second-language users. Because of the development of new technologies, popular culture has emerged in a worldwide globe and has become essential to our civilization. Popular culture has become a pan and parcel of everybody’s life as it is connected with education, mass communication, and production and how it has become the main tool through which youth learn about themselves, society and the larger world. This study discusses the concepts of language, culture and popular culture, and explores the interconnection of their relationship based on the existing empirical studies.
ELECTRIC POWER SUPPLY AND PERFORMANCE OF SELECTED MANUFACTURING FIRMS IN PORT HARCOURT, RIVERS STATE, NIGERIA
PETERSON NWOKORIE (Ph.D)
Department of Management, Faculty of Management Sciences, Imo State University, Owerri, Imo State.
This study examined electric power supply and performance of selected manufacturing firms in Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria. The work adopted survey research design; and questionnaire was used as an instrument of data collection. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentage and Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient (at 0.05% level of significance) through SPSS version 21.0. On the basis of data analysis, it was discovered that there is significant relationship between electricity capacity and business profitability of manufacturing companies in Port Harcourt Rivers State; there is significant impact of electricity duration on customer patronage of manufacturing companies in Port Harcourt Rivers State; there is significant effect of electricity reliability on quality products in manufacturing companies in Port Harcourt Rivers State; and electricity affordability/cost does not affect business expansion in manufacturing companies in Port Harcourt Rivers State. The study concluded that whenever enterprises were faced with unstable power supply, they suffered low profits, customers’ patronage, satisfaction, loyalty, quality production and market share got reduced. This led to exodus of some manufacturing firms out of Port Harcourt into other neigbouring countries. Based on the findings, the study recommends that the government should do everything within its powers to ensure that power supply in Nigeria is stable with improved capacity so as to enhance profitability of business. More so, the government and Electricity distribution companies should try as much as possible to improve electricity duration so as to add values to customer patronage.
Keywords: Electric Power Supply, Business Profitability, Customer Patronage, Electricity Reliability, Quality Products
POSTGRADUATES’ ATTITUDE AND PERCEPTION TOWARDS THE USE OF CHAT GPT FOR RESEARCH: A CASE STUDY OF POSTGRADUATE STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF IBADAN
*DR. ADEFUYE, ADETAYO LINUS; **DR. OMOYAJOWO BAMIDELE STEPHEN; *DR. OPUTA, GRACE; ***OMOJOLA EMILOJU AYODEJI; & ****DR. OLUSANJO, MICHEAL OLUWOLE
*Department of Educational Technology, College of Specialized and Professional Education (COSPED), Tai Solarin University of Education, Ijebu Ode, Ogun State, Nigeria. **E-Tutor Supervisor & Communications Officer, University of Ibadan, Distance Learning Centre. ***Department of Education Technology, Faculty of Education, University of Ilorin. ****University Osun state College of Education, Ila Orangun.
This research study aims to investigate the attitudes and perceptions of postgraduate students at the University of Ibadan towards the utilization of Chat GPT (Generative Pre-trained Transformer) technology in the context of academic research. As artificial intelligence-driven language models like Chat GPT become increasingly accessible and popular, understanding how they are perceived and adopted in educational settings is crucial. The study employs a mixed-methods approach, combining surveys and interviews to gather comprehensive data on postgraduate students’ experiences with and opinions on Chat GPT in their research processes. Fifty (50) participants who were postgraduate students at the University of Ibadan were included in the study. The study revealed that there was a positive significant relationship between attitude and Use of ChatGpt among postgraduate student in University of Ibadan (r = 0.376; p<0.05). The study revealed that there was a positive relationship between postgraduate students’ perception and Use of ChatGpt among postgraduate student in University of Ibadan (r = 0.376; p<0.05). By examining the potential benefits and challenges associated with this technology, the research aims to contribute to a deeper understanding of its integration into academic research practices and inform the development of strategies to enhance its utility in educational institutions.
Keywords: ChatGPT, Artificial Intelligence, Postgraduate Students, Research, Attitude, Perception, University of Ibadan
CHALLENGES AND PROSPECT OF CRIMINAL INTELLIGENCE GATHERING IN NIGERIA: A STUDY OF DEPARTMENT OF STATE SERVICE BAUCHI STATE COMMAND
ISMA’IL BALA; AND KABIRU ABUBAKAR GARBA
Dept. of Crime Management Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi.
Criminal intelligence gathering in Nigeria is faced with several challenges among which is inadequate funding, shortage of personnel, lack of cooperation with other agencies, lack of modern technological devices etc. this research was conducted with the main objective of identifying the prospect and challenges of criminal intelligence gathering in Nigeria using Department of State Service (DSS) as a case study. Stratified and convenience sampling method were used in sampling thirty (30) respondents and date were collected using structured questionnaire and in-depth interview. The data collected were analyzed using statistical package for social science (SPSS). Intelligence led policing theory was used as the theoretical frame work of this research. After careful analysis of the data collected it was discovered that most of the respondents were males and fell within the age of thirty years and above. Most of the officers believe that DSS gather criminal intelligence and are performing up to expectation and majority of the officers’ assessment of criminal intelligence gathering in Nigeria was good. Also, majority of the officers strongly agreed that inadequate funding, shortage of personnel and lack of sophisticated technologies are challenges facing intelligence gathering and large percentage of the officers agreed that increased funding and procurement of the modern technology for surveillance and data mining will help in effective gathering of criminal intelligence in Nigeria. Adequate funding, increase in number of personnel, use of technology device and proper training of personnel were part of the recommendations proposed by this study.
Keywords: Intelligence, Intelligence Gathering, Intelligence led policing, Department of State Service
CONFLICT MANAGEMENT AND ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE
AGUOMBA UGONNA, C.; KANU NNABUGWU; & ONYEOBIA EZINNE G.
National Productivity Centre, Imo State Office.
Organizational conflict refers to the condition of misunderstanding or disagreement that is caused by the perceived or actual opposition in the needs, interests and values among people who work together. Organizational conflict may also be termed workplace conflict. Conflicts occur during situations where there is an interaction between two or more members of an organization involving contradictory opinions. Conflicts in an organization are influenced by various factors which include lack of clarity in the responsibility of the team members, the inter-personal relationships that is shared by the members of the organization. The scarcity of the needed resources may also lead to the rise of conflict between the members of the organization. This paper looks into the causes of conflict in the organization, how these conflicts can be managed and their effects on the individual members of the organization, the organization as a whole and how they affect the organizational performance. The paper will be beneficial to organizations in the sense that it will help them uncover different things that might lead to conflict in their organizations and avoid them or manage the resulting conflicts well. It will also help organizations know how to take advantage of conflict situations to advance or enhance the organization’s goals/objectives.
CONCEPTUALISING TERRORISM IN AFRICA: COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF AL-SHABAAB AND BOKO HARAM SECT
ASHIGAR A. K. SATOMI
Department of Languages and Liberal Studies, Ramat Polytechnic Maiduguri, Borno State.
The comparative nature of Al-Shabaab and Boko Haram refers to the examination and analysis of similarities and differences between these two extremist groups. While both groups are Islamist militant organizations operating in Africa, there are various aspects that can be compared, such as understanding the historical context and the factors that led to the emergence of both groups is important for comparative analysis. For instance, Al-Shabaab originated in Somalia in the early 2000s as an offshoot of the Islamic Courts Union, while Boko Haram emerged in Nigeria around 2002 as a response to social, economic, and political grievances. A comparative analysis can examine their ideological underpinnings, including their interpretations of Islam and their ideological motivations. While both Al-Shabaab and Boko Haram are inspired by a radical interpretation of Sunni Islam, their specific goals may differ. Al-Shabaab aims to establish an Islamic state in Somalia, while Boko Haram seeks to create an Islamic Caliphate in Nigeria. Comparative analysis allows for an examination of the operational tactics employed by both groups. This could include their use of violence, targeting strategies, recruitment methods, and engagement with local communities. Comparisons can also be made regarding their use of suicide bombings, kidnappings, and attacks on military and civilian targets. Both Al-Shabaab and Boko Haram have regional implications beyond their home countries. Analyzing similarities and differences in counterterrorism approaches helps to identify best practices and lessons learned. Overall, a comparative analysis of Al-Shabaab and Boko Haram helps to deepen understanding of these groups, their strategies, and the broader regional dynamics and challenges associated with combating their activities.
Keywords: Al-Shabaab, Boko Haram, Terrorism, Ideology, Comparism
REVIEWING, LAWS AND POLICIES IN EDUCATION: THE IMPERATIVE OF TEACHER EDUCATION TRAINING IN GOALS DIRECTIONAL WAYS
ABDULLAHI ADAMU BABANGIDA; BINTA BAGIWA LAWAL; AND ISMAIL AMINAT ATUNDE
School of Education, Department of Educational Foundation, FCT College of Education, Zuba-Abuja.
The paper titled “Reviewing Laws and Politics in Education: The Imperatives of Achieving Quality Teacher Education Training in Goals Directional ways for Development” is a focus of discourse on how effective and efficient teacher education training and retraining teachers in respect of institutions, faculties and centres that offered such training streamlined towards capacity building of teachers stereotyped to their professional ethics, discipline and knowledge acquisition as well as skills such that made them relevant and functional in fostering and facilitating effective and efficient teaching and learning in goals directional ways. Hence, the paper in this perspective focused on providing an information on overview on the developments of teacher education, assessment of quality assurance process. in education, conceptual framework of curriculum, the focus and target of teacher education training and retraining and the imperative of teacher education training and retraining towards achieving development of individuals, societies and nation(s). Hence, the discourse streamlines perspectives of sustainable developments, millennium declaratives, visionary statements, development in education and cross-border form of education. Such that enhance bilateral relations, amongst nation members.
Keywords: Teacher Education, Quality Assurance Process, Curriculum Provisions, Sustainable Development
EXPLORING SOCIAL STUDIES EDUCATION FOR SUSTAINABLE COMMUNAL PEACE AMONG FARMERS AND HERDSMEN IN SOUTHWEST NIGERIA
MUJIDAT OLABISI SALAWUDEEN PhD
Department of Social Studies, Federal College of Education, Iwo, Osun State, Nigeria.
Social Studies is a multi-disciplinary discipline with integrated and dynamic methods of socializing youth towards sustainable peace and development. This study explored the use of Social Studies Education for achieving sustainable peace among farmers and herdsmen in rural southwest Nigeria. It adopted descriptive survey method. The population were all the farmers and herdsmen in southwest Nigeria. Cluster and simple random sampling methods were used to choose the 1104 respondents, comprising of 738 farmers and 366 herdsmen. A questionnaire was administered to collect the data. Data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics. Result revealed that there was a moderate social integration between farmers and herdsmen in the southwest Nigeria and that despite those frequent clashes occurred which were found to be mainly caused by politics, activities of corrupt traditional leadership, struggle for possession of land and fear of perceived domination of the host farmers by migrant herdsmen. It was concluded that for sustainable peace, there should be a re-socialisation process of youths in Social Studies classroom to improve integration, communal peace and tolerance between farmers and herders. The study recommended the training of Social Studies teachers to equip them for the task through local conferences and workshops and the production of literature in the subject to reflect the contemporary social problem of insecurity in rural Nigeria.
Keywords: Social Integration, Sustainable, Communal Peace, Socialisation, Social Studies Education
CORRUPTION AND INSECURITY AS THE BANE OF CHALLENGES IN NIGERIA: THE 21ST CENTURY EXPERIENCE
*LADAN OZAYASHI NASIRUDEEN; **OYIGBENU ZIPPORAH ELIJAH; & ***MUHAMMAD MUSTAPHA UMARU
*Department of Local Government Studies, Isa Mustapha Agwai 1 Polytechnic, Lafia, Nasarawa State. **Department of Public Administration, Isa Mustapha Agwai 1 Polytechnic, Lafia, Nasarawa State. ***Department of Humanities and Social Science, Federal Polytechnic, Nasarawa, Nasarawa State.
Corruption has been a persistent topic in the culture and history of humanity. It is present in every form and in various political systems in both emerging and developed democracies. It has always been a part of human culture in one way or another. The “culprit” of Nigeria’s persistent instability is Corruption. The increasing influence of Nigeria’s twin concepts of corruption and insecurity poses significant challenges to governance and has therefore become a matter of public concern. However, the purpose of this study is to investigate how corruption has impacted and contributed to the persistent challenges of insecurity in Nigeria. Nonetheless, the study will expand the horizons of awareness towards redefining the definitions of corruption as the core “culprit” of Nigeria’s social, economic, and political retardation. This research revealed that corruption and instability have caused more damage to the nation’s reputation globally than any other phenomena. The study thus recommends the urgent eradication of corruption and insecurity in Nigeria for the country to effectively assume its position as Africa’s giant and a force to be reckoned with globally.
Keywords: Corruption, Insecurity, Governance, Nigeria