JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL STUDIES, TRENDS AND PRACTICE
VOL. 29 NO. 8 SEPT., 2023.
SUB-SAHARA AFRICAN ACADEMIC PUBLICATIONS,
Centre for African Development Studies, P. O. Box 10108, U. I. Post Office. Ibadan Oyo State, Nigeria.
EFFECT OF DYSLEXIA AND DYSCALCULIA ON TEACHING AND LEARNING MATHEMATICS AND SCIENCES AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN KURUDU EDUCATION ZONE, FCT, ABUJA
DR SULE SAMUEL SARDAUNA
Department of Education, Faculty of Arts and Education, Yobe State University, Damaturu, Nigeria.
This study examined the effect of dyslexia and dyscalculia on teaching and learning Mathematics and sciences among secondary school students in Kurudu Education zone, Federal Capital Territory (FCT). Abuja, Nigeria. The study employed ex-post-facto survey research design. All public and private senior secondary two (SSII) students in Kurudu Education Zone, Federal Capital Territory, and Abuja were the target population for the study. Through Simple random sampling techniques, the sample size of two hundred (200) students were randomly drawn from four different schools within the study area. This study used an instrument called a Structured Questionnaire (SQ) constructed by the researchers and validated by experts in the field of Mathematics Education and Measurement and evaluation. The Reliability index of SQ was 0.81 using Kuder-Richardson 20 (KR-20) formula. Five research questions were stated to guide the study. Data collected were analyzed using chi-square and tested at alpha = 0.05 level of significance. The results of the study revealed among others that; teachers- students’ relationship has a significant effects on dyslexia and dyscalculia among secondary school students; the application of different teaching method combined with the use of teaching aids gives room for self-expression and a reduction in dyslexia and dyscalculia. From the findings therein, the study recommended among others that, teachers should discover the best method that will bring the best performance out of their students; Students should belief in themselves and try to exhibit positive self-judgment. If the students belief that they can, it will increase their strength, encourage them to try several problems and their intelligence ability will open their effort in finding the best method that will bring the best performance out of the them. The importance of teaching aids should not be undermined. Right/wrong answers should be discouraged; rather, emphasis should be laid on steps taking while marking Mathematics exercise so as to reduce poor performance to the barest minimum; Continuous assessment should also be encouraged and various techniques should be adopted in conducting the continuous assessment. Various method such as project work, take home assignment, open book test etc. should be employed so as to reduce failure to the barest minimum.
Keywords: Dyslexia and dyscalculia; Mathematics; Teaching and learning; Students
PRE-SERVICE SOCIAL STUDIES TEACHERS’ PERCEPTION OF THE EFFICACY OF SOCIAL MEDIA IN PROMOTING POLITICAL EDUCATION
WAHAB ELIZABETH IKEOLA (Ph.D)
Department of Social Studies and Civic Education, Faculty of Social Sciences Education, Emmanuel Alayande University of Education, Oyo, Oyo State, Nigeria.
This study investigates pre-service Social Studies teachers’ perception of the efficacy of social media in promoting political education. The study adopted a descriptive survey research design using a total of one hundred and fifty (150) pre-service Social Studies teachers from Emmanuel Alanyande College of Education, Oyo. Three (3) research questions were raised to guide the study. The instrument used for data collection was validated by Experts in the Departments of Social Studies and Computer Science. Data were analysed using mean and rank order. The results among others show that the Social Studies students are active users of social media for different political activities such as political discussions, political advocacy; political news/issues sharing, writing of assignment especially on socio-political topics, among others. Also, the pre-service Social Studies teachers have positive perception of the efficacy of social media in promoting political education. Thus, pre-service Social Studies teachers should be encouraged to use social media in learning political-related topics and courses in Social Studies.
Keywords: Political Education, Pre-Service, Social Studies Teachers, Social Media, Socio-Political Issues, Political Participation
THE PERCEPTION OF UNDERGRADUATES TOWARDS THE EASE OF USE OF ONLINE COLLABORATIVE TOOLS FOR LEARNING IN SOUTH-WEST NIGERIA
*DR. ADEFUYE, ADETAYO LINUS; **DR. OMOYAJOWO BAMIDELE STEPHEN; ***DR. OLUSANJO, MICHEAL OLUWOLE; *PROF. AKOREDE O. JIMOH; ****DR. NATHANIEL SAMUEL
*Department of Educational Technology, College of Specialized and Professional Education (COSPED), Tai Solarin University of Education, Ijebu Ode, Ogun State, Nigeria. **E-Tutor Supervisor & Communications Officer, University of Ibadan, Distance Learning Centre. ***University Osun state College of Education, Ila Orangun. ****Department of Educational Technology, Faculty of Education, University of Ilorin.
Online collaborative tools are online innovative and instructional tools that can be used to supplement traditional teaching and learning for the enhancements of students’ positive academics performance. In spite of its immense instructional benefits, these tools has not been fully utilised for learning among undergraduates in Nigeria. Hence, the study examined the Perception of Undergraduates on the Utilization of online Collaborative tools for learning in selected Universities in South-west, Nigeria. The objectives of the study were to ; (i) Take inventory of the kind of online accessible tools available for learning among undergraduates in South-west Nigeria; (ii) investigate the perception of undergraduates towards the ease use of online collaborative tools for learning;. The study was a descriptive of the cross-sectional survey type. Two research questions were answered and tested respectively. One thousand, four hundreds and twelve sample of respondents were drawn from 12 Federal and State universities in South-west, Nigeria. Data were collected using structured questionnaire. Descriptive statistics of Mean score, Frequency counts and Percentage distribution were used to answer research questions. The study concluded that there was a significant relationship between undergraduate students’ ease of use to use collaborative tools for learning. Based on the findings, the study recommends that government should give the necessary supports on the procurement of all needed facilities for collaborative learning. Undergraduates should help themselves by exhibiting high positive attitudes and competencies in the utilization of online collaborative tools. Also, Undergraduate should help themselves by making use of online collaborative tools for instructional purpose and shift their foci from using it for fun and entertainment.
Keywords: Ease of Use, Online Collaborative Tools, Learning, Perception, Undergraduate
POSTGRADUATE STUDENTS’ AWARENESS OF THE USE OF CHATGPT FOR RESEARCH IN UNIVERSITY OF IBADAN
*DR. ADEFUYE, ADETAYO LINUS; **DR. OMOYAJOWO BAMIDELE STEPHEN; *DR. OPUTA, GRACE; ***OMOJOLA EMILOJU AYODEJI; & ****DR. OLUSANJO, MICHEAL OLUWOLE
*Department of Educational Technology, College of Specialized and Professional Education (COSPED), Tai Solarin University of Education, Ijebu Ode, Ogun State, Nigeria. **E-Tutor Supervisor & Communications Officer, University of Ibadan, Distance Learning Centre. ***Department of Education Technology, Faculty of Education, University of Ilorin. ****University Osun state College of Education, Ila Orangun.
This research study explores the awareness of postgraduate students at the University of Ibadan regarding the use of ChatGPT, an AI-powered chatbot, for research purposes. The study aims to understand the level of awareness, among students regarding ChatGPT and its potential benefits in enhancing their research endeavors. The research findings indicate that a significant proportion of postgraduate students at the University of Ibadan are aware of the existence of ChatGPT and express positive attitudes toward its potential applications in research, including literature review support, data analysis assistance, and improved research productivity. However, there is variability in information-seeking behaviour, with some actively seeking resources related to ChatGPT and others not. Additionally, the study reveals that a substantial number of students are confident in their ability to integrate ChatGPT into their research activities effectively if the need arises, reflecting a readiness to embrace emerging technology in academia. The findings suggest opportunities for educational institutions to provide targeted awareness campaigns, training programs, and support services to bridge the information gap and empower students to leverage AI technologies like ChatGPT optimally. As technology continues to evolve, educational institutions play a vital role in preparing students to adapt and thrive in an increasingly digital academic landscape. By addressing the awareness and training needs of postgraduate students, universities can ensure that they are well-equipped to harness the benefits of AI-driven research support tools and enhance the quality and efficiency of their academic work.
Keywords: ChatGPT, Awareness, Postgraduate Students, AI, Technologies
TEACHERS’ ATTITUDE AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN JALINGO EDUCATION ZONE OF TARABA STATE: A QUANTITATIVE SURVEY
BOBBOJI, GAMBO HAMMAN
Department of Curriculum and Instruction, College of Education, P.M.B 1021, Zing, Taraba State.
This study took a quantitative survey of teachers’ attitude and academic achievement of secondary school students in Jalingo Education Zone of Taraba State. The study adopted descriptive survey design and simple random sampling was used to select one hundred and eighty (180) sampled respondents from one thousand one hundred and ninety-five (1,195) total population. Three (3) research questions and three (3) research hypotheses guided the study, while two (2) instruments- Teachers’ Attitude in relation to Academic Achievement of Student Questionnaire (TAAASQ) and Students Achievement Test (SAT) were employed for data collection. In order to ascertain the reliability coefficient of the instrument, a pilot study was conducted with the aid of Cronbach’s Alpha reliability analysis which yielded 0.83% and 0.79% coefficients for TAAASQ and SAT respectively. Descriptive statistics was employed for answering research questions and Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC) Analysis was used for testing the null hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings revealed that teachers’ attitude significantly influence academic achievement of secondary school students; teachers’ attitude significantly influence academic achievement of secondary school students by gender; as well as teachers’ attitude significantly influence academic achievement of secondary school students by location in Jalingo Education Zone of Taraba State. Therefore, it was concluded that teachers’ attitude significantly influence academic achievement of secondary school students irrespective of gender and location. Based on the findings, it was recommended among others that the State Government through relevant agencies should constantly organize seminar and workshop for in-service teachers on significant role of attitudes’ towards academic attainment of secondary school students in the study area; and that Post Primary Education Board should ensure that professional teachers are posted to secondary schools across nook and cranny of Taraba State evenly. The attitude of not posting some teachers to certain places due to their connection and personality should be upturned so as to inject sense of recognition to rural schools and enhance on academic performance of the students.
Keywords: Teachers’ Attitude, Academic Achievement, Gender, Location, Secondary Students
PRINCIPAL MANAGEMENT COMPETENCY AS A PREDICTOR OF TEACHERS’ JOB PRODUCTIVITY IN PUBLIC SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN ADAMAWA STATE, NIGERIA
OCHOYI, ESTHER ELOJO
Factors that define teachers job productivity has long been empirically sought using different approaches, and series of conclusions have been arrived at along with recommendations that meant to position teachers to be more productive. However, the common scenario is that the principal has less been considered as a factor that determine teachers job productivity. Also, teachers’ job productivity has long been wrongly assessed as most works limited the scope to students’ performance. This study examines the principal management effectiveness as a predictor of teachers’ job productivity in public senior secondary schools in Adamawa state, Nigeria. The study was based on survey research design. Teachers were randomly selected across senior public secondary schools in Adamawa State. Two instruments named Principal Management Effectiveness Rating Scale (PMERS)” and “Teachers’ job productivity Rating Scale (TJPRS)” were used for data collection. The obtained data were analyzed using linear regression at 0.05 significant level. The study established that principal supervision competency significantly promotes teachers’ job productivity. Principal resources management significantly promote teachers’ job productivity. Principals time management significantly influences teachers’ job productivity. The study concluded that principal management effectiveness promotes teachers’ job productivity. The study recommends among others that principal need to be trained on various supervision modes for more effectiveness in teachers’ job productivity.
Keywords: Supervision, Resources Management, Time Management, Job Productivity
CREATING AN INCLUSIVE CLASSROOMS FOR CHILDREN WITH VISUAL IMPAIRMENT IN NIGERIAN PRIMARY SCHOOLS
*BILKISU IBRAHIM MAHMOUD; & **MWAPSHAK MIKTDA SANI
*Kano State College of Education and Preliminary Studies (KASCEPS) **Otana Hearing & Edu-Health Services Nigeria, Jos Branch Plateau State
The paper focused on creating inclusive classrooms for children with visual impairment in Nigerian primary schools. Salient issues such as concepts of inclusive education, inclusive classrooms, visual impairment, children with visual impairment, benefits of teaching children with visual impairment in inclusive classrooms, and strategies for creating inclusive classrooms, will be highlighted and discussed. In conclusion the paper posits that primary school teachers need to be flexible and willing to adapt classroom instruction to meet the learning needs of children with and without disabilities. At the same time, special education teachers need to collaborate with the significant stakeholders to ensure that learning takes place. However, regular student teachers must have skills in communication, collaboration, cooperative learning strategies and confidence to use these skills in the classroom where children with visual impairment are included. In this respect, those who have not received such training during their pre-service training should also receive it during their in-service training. The paper suggested among others that given the complex nature of classrooms and the increasing demands on teachers (who often have little or no specialized training in working with children with visual impairment), structures should be set up to provide the necessary help and guidance for them to make changes in their instruction.
Keywords: Inclusive, Classrooms, Visual Impairment
CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES OF INCORPORATING DIGITAL TECHNOLOGY IN TEACHING AND LEARNING: THE COVID-19 EXPERIENCE
AISHA AHMED HAMMAN1, FILGONA JACOB2, ADATI ELKANAH CHAHARI1,
1,Department of Curriculum and Instruction, Federal College of Education, Yola, Adamawa State, Nigeria. 2Department of General Studies Education, School of Education, Federal College of Education, Yola, Adamawa State, Nigeria.
The integration of digital technology in education has been a topic of great interest for education stakeholders for quite some time. Despite the push for teachers to incorporate technology in their classrooms, there has been some reluctance to fully embrace it, particularly in developing nations like Nigeria. However, the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020 brought to light the crucial role that digital technology plays in education. Teachers and students were compelled to heavily rely on technology to facilitate teaching and learning. While developed countries struggle to keep up with technology in education, developing countries face additional challenges due to a lack of infrastructure. Nigeria’s educational institutions were found to be ill-equipped for the implementation of digital technology. This article examines the obstacles and prospects associated with the integration of digital technology in education, with a focus on the insights gained from the COVID-19 pandemic experience.
Keywords: Digital Technology, COVID-19, Teaching and Learning, Challenges, Opportunities
EARLY MARRIAGE AS PANACEA TO EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT OF ADOLESCENTS IN OYO METROPOLIS, OYO STATE, NIGERIA
YEKINNI LUKUMAN OYEWOLE
Department of Educational Psychology, Federal College of Education (Special), Oyo.
Education is the process by which society through schools, colleges, universities and other institutions transmits its cultural heritage, values, skills from one generation to another. Birth, marriage and death are the standard trio of key events in most people’s lives. But only one ‘marriage’ is a matter of choice. The right to exercise that choice was recognized as a principle of law even in Roman times and has long been established in international human rights instruments. There is no gainsaying therefore that marriage can change the narrative of an individual, especially females, positively or negatively. This study therefore examines the effect of early marriage on the educational attainment of adolescents in Oyo town. Three research questions were raised to guide the process of the study. The population of the study comprises one hundred (100) adolescents each from the four (4) Local Government of Oyo metropolis. The study sample was drawn from the four (4) Local Government of Oyo metropolis. The findings from the study show that there are significant difference in the educational attainment of adolescents and early marriage among genders (F(3,249) = 46.724, P<0.05 and area of settlements that is within urban and rural areas (F(3,249) = 35.213, P<0.05). It was obvious from the study that early marriage has a significant relationship on the educational attainments within the study areas. The study shows that child marriage is an accepted cultural practice in many countries especially in developing countries with more prevalence in sub-Saharan Africa. It is still widely sanctioned, even though it is a violation of the human rights of young girls due to various motives. Early marriage can violate the rights of girls and boys, both in this generation and the next but this is an issue that impacts upon girls in far larger numbers and with more intensity. Among others, it was recommended that Government should establish skill acquisition centres in case where the girls cannot benefit from formal education; they must be trained in different skills, according to their choice and the state of the market.
ASSESSING THE USE OF ICT FACILITIES IN TEACHING AND LEARNING BUSINESS EDUCATION BY LECTURERS AND STUDENTS OF ADAMAWA STATE COLLEGE OF EDUCATION, HONG, ADAMAWA STATE, NIGERIA
LINUS MATHIAS*, GILIKI JERISON** AND HABU JINGI UMAR***
**Department of Computer Science, College of Education, Hong, Adamawa State, Nigeria. ***Department of Computer Science, College of Education, Hong, Adamawa State, Nigeria.
The study assessed lecturers and students level of knowledge on the use of ICT facilities and the extent to which they are utilizing these facilities. A descriptive survey design was adopted for the study. The internal consistency of the instrument was determined using Cronbach Alfa and reliability coefficient of 0.89 was obtained. Data was analyzed using mean and standard deviation. The population of the study was two hundred and fifteen (215) respondents. While sample size of one hundred and forty six (146) respondents, which consist of 14 lecturers, 132 students both NCE II and NCE III were selected using simple random sampling technique. The results show that lecturers have the knowledge of using ICT facilities in teaching BED. However, they rarely use them in teaching (Since they use them few times in a month). It was also found that lecturers’ years of teaching experiences and academic qualifications were significant factors influencing the extent of utilization of ICT facilities in teaching. Furthermore, it was found that students’ level of knowledge acquired on the use of ICT facilities in learning Office Technology and Management was low. It was recommended among others that there should be regular sensitization programmes on the importance of using ICT facilities in teaching as it promotes students’ learning and enhance their academic achievement.
Keywords: Lecturers, Students, Knowledge and Use, ICT, Teaching, Learning, and BED
RELATIONSHIP AMONG EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE, INSTITUTIONS’ ATTITUDINAL DISPOSITION AND CHEATING TENDENCIES AMONG STUDENTS OF FEDERAL COLLEGE OF EDUCATION, ZARIA: IMPLICATIONS FOR COUNSELLING
SALAUDEEN TAOFEEQ SOLA
Department of Guidance and Counselling, Federal College of Education, Zaria.
This research work takes into consideration the factors that persuade students at the college to cheat. In the study, factors taken in to account are students’ emotional intelligence and institutions attitudinal disposition on the level of cheating done by students. A Correlation Research design was adopted for the study. The research was carried out among all the final year students from Federal College of Education, Zaria 2018/2019 session. Simple random sampling technique was used to select two hundred and five (205) students each from five schools in the college making a total of one thousand and twenty five (1025). The instrument used for the study was developed by the researcher on the variables of Emotional Intelligence and institutions’ attitudinal disposition and the Potential for Academic Cheating Scale was adopted from Hassan (2004) which was used as measures of tendency to cheat. Three research questions and three hypotheses were formulated and tested respectively that guided the study. It was discovered from the results of the analysis using multiple regressions that students’ emotional intelligence and institutions attitudinal disposition significantly and simultaneously influence cheating tendency among college students used for the study. The paper therefore recommended that students should always check their emotional intelligence and use them in the right perspectives while the institutions of higher learning should ensure that proper steps are taken to reduce incidence academic cheating and tendencies among students.
Keywords: Emotional Intelligence, Institutions’ Attitudinal Disposition, Cheating Tendency, Counselling
INFLUENCE OF PARENTAL AND CHILDREN COMMITMENT ON THE READING SKILLS OF LOWER PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS
OLATUNJI, SAHEED OLAWALE; ADUBUOLA, ELIZABETH OLAOLUWA; & OYEWUSI OPEYEMI OMOBOLANLE
Department of Early Childhood Care and Education, School of Early Childhood Care, Primary, Adult and Non-Formal Education (ECPAE), Federal College of Education (Special), Oyo, P.M.B 1089, Oyo State.
This study investigated the influence of parental and children commitment on the reading skills of lower primary school pupils. Descriptive survey research design of ex post facto type was adopted for the study while the sample for the study comprised ten parents and ten lower primary school pupils from Afijio local government. Two questionnaires consisting of ten items each, and test questions for pupils consisting of five questions each. Data collected was analyzed using Mean and standard deviation, Pearson moment product correlation and frequency counts and simple percentage. The result showed that showed that parents devote a very high level of commitment to the reading skills development of children, children showed a very low level of commitment to reading in spite of parental commitment to their reading skills development , majority of pupils scores were above average and parental commitment has no significant effect on score of pupils. It was recommended among others that parents should occupy children with all forms of reading games, buy storybooks and allocate time to read books with children, parents should reduce screen time of children and always devote precious time to do assignment with their wards and parents should take children to educative places and encourage them to read sign posts on the road.
Keywords: Parental commitment, children commitment and reading skills
SECURITY CHALLENGES AND THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE CURRICULUM IMPLEMENTATION IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN KADUNA STATE
*GRACE TAMBAYA; & **NYAMIYE ELIJAH DANIEL
*Public Relattions and Information Unit, Kaduna State College of Education Gidan Waya. **Department Of Language and Communication, Kaduna State College of Education Gidan Waya.
This paper examine the influence of security challenges on the implementation of the English language curriculum in secondary schools in Kaduna State. A descriptive survey design was adopted and simple random sampling technique was used to tap information from three hundred and forty five (345) respondents. One hundred and seventy two (172) males and One hundred and seventy three (173) females were randomly selected from the three Educational desk office southern Kaduna, Kaduna State. Self structured questionnaire was used as the instrument for data collection. The instrument was validated by two experts and was further subjected to a reliability test and an index of 0.91 was realized. Mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions while t-test was used to test the hypotheses at an alpha of 0.05 level of significance. Results indicated that schools face security challenges which adversely influence curriculum implementation especially the English language curriculum. There is no significant difference in the mean responses of male and female respondents on why security challenges have not been tackled for effective implementation of the curriculum. It was recommended that since security is vital in any nation’s educational system and development of the nation, the government should seriously address the issue of security in the country.
Keywords: Curriculum, Security Challenges, English Language, Equity, Government, Ethnocentrism
EFFECT OF PEER DISCOURSE ON SENIOR SCHOOL STUDENTS’ PERFORMANCE IN DIFFERENTIAL CALCULUS
BAKARE A. BASIRAT; AMAO D. ONAOLAPO PhD.; PROF. SALMAN F. MEDINAT
Department of Science Education University of Ilorin, Ilorin
Further mathematics is very important to everyday life especially in a society that is technologically increasing. It is being studied by learners who intend to study mathematics related courses at the tertiary level of education. Senior school students’ performance in Calculus has not been encouraging and has been concern to researchers. Factors that affect the performance of students include the fact that calculus involves abstract and complex ideas, inadequate understanding, and interest on the part of students and teachers’ inability to use innovative and differentiated instructions. Therefore, this study investigated the effects of peer discourse on senior school students’ performance in differential calculus based on gender and score levels. This study adopted the pre-test post-test non-randomized non-equivalent control group design of the quasi-experimental research design. The pre-test post-test of 2×2 was used with experimental levels occurring at 2 levels (peer and teacher-presentation discourses), and gender at 2 levels (male and female). 95 students that were selected from two purposively sampled schools participated in the study. The validated research instrument, Further Mathematics Performance Test on Calculus (FMPT-C) was used for the study. The reliability coefficient of the test was 0.87 and it was obtained using Pearson’s Product-Moment Correlation. The research hypotheses were tested using the t-test and the Analysis of Co-variance. Findings from the study revealed that there is: (i) a significant difference in the performance of students taught using peer discourse and teacher-presentation discourse, p< 0.05; t=9.86; (ii) no significant difference in the performance of male and female students when taught calculus using peer discourse, The study concluded that students that were taught calculus using peer discourse performed better than those taught using teacher-presentation discourse. The study then recommended that teachers of further mathematics should adopt the use of peer discourse in teaching calculus and all other concepts in further mathematics.
Keyword: Discourse, Peer Discourse, teacher-presentation discourse, Calculus