INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF LAW, POLITICS & HUMANITIES RESEARCH
VOL. 28 NO. 6 – JUNE, 2023 EDITION
CAMBRIDGE RESEARCH AND PUBLICATIONS INTERNATIONAL,
Africa (Nigeria): CAHDC, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu State, Nigeria.
A CRITIQUE OF SOCRATES’ STATEMENT THAT “KNOWLEDGE IS VIRTUE”
UTSUA TERZUNGWE PETER; & EGBEJI, PATRICK ODU
Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies, Nasarawa State University, Keffi
One of the paradigm shifts in the history of philosophy is the dramatic turn from the reflection on the basic stuff of all things to a consideration of human moral behaviour. This key shift was enabled by one of the greatest moral philosophers in the Golden Age of Ancient Greek philosophy called Socrates. Among many other ethical precepts attributed to his philosophical ingenuity, he is also popular for the statement that “Knowledge is virtue”. This position of Socrates has raised critical debates among philosophers with some supporting him while others criticizing him. Using the exploratory as well as critical approaches, this paper delves into the debate and criticizes the Socratic position by denying such equation.
Keywords: Critique, Knowledge, Virtue, Epistemology
EFFECTIVE IMPLEMENTATION OF SOCIAL STUDIES CURRICULUM IN CURBING RADICALISM IN HIGHER INSTITUTIONS IN NIGERIA
DR (MRS) PHILOMENA NGOZI NJOKU; DR. (MRS) KATE CHIKODI ANYANWU; & ADENIJI BUSAYO
Department of Social Studies, Federal College of Education, Zaria
The paper titled Effective Implementation of Social Studies Curriculum in Curbing Radicalism in Higher Institutions in Nigeria. The main purpose of this paper is to examine the extent to which Social Studies curriculum has been used in curbing radicalism in our higher institutions across Nigeria. The paper considered content and concept of social studies curriculum, radicalism, adequate human resources, political influences, government policies, and availability and effective utilization of instructional materials as major factors that contribute to ineffective implementation of Social Studies curriculum in curbing radicalism across higher institutions in Nigeria. Some challenges of Social Studies curriculum will also be addressed. The paper made use of secondary sources such as relevant journals, textbooks and the internet. The paper recommends that the government, non-governmental agencies should organize workshops conferences, seminars, among others on the strategies, methods and construction of special tools for the evaluation of social studies curriculum and how it can be used in curbing radicalism in Nigeria.
Keywords: Effective Implementation, Social Studies Curriculum, Radicalism.
COHESIVE FEATURES AS RHETORIC IN 1999 INAUGURAL SPEECH OF OLUSEGUN OBASANJO
1OMISAKIN, A.M., 2OLOFIN, O.L & 3OLATIPE, H.O.
1The Directorate of General Studies. Osun State Polytechnic, Iree. 2School of Vocational and Technical Education, Osun State Polytechnic, Iree. 3The Department of General Studies, Osun State College of Technology, Esa-Oke.
Democracy is understood to be the most cherished means of installing political leaders globally. One of the strong tenets of democratic processes is politicking. In playing politics either when seeking election, a reelection or to sustain political positions, persuasive instrument is very crucial. Among many other persuasive instruments is linguistic use which is described as an instrument for constructing textual works. This study however, focuses on cohesion as rhetorical instrument. It investigates how Chief Olusegun Obasanjo as elected Nigerian president structures cohesive devices which is one of the instruments of textual unity in his 1999 inaugural speech, to persuade and garner supports for his new democratic administration. The data comprises ten extracts purposively and randomly drawn from the speech. One extract each is selected for the identified cohesive features. The linguistic framework used for the analysis is cohesion with close insight from Halliday’s (2004) Systemic Functional Grammar. The study discovers that Obasanjo deploys heavy cohesive devices to create textual unity and as a strong rhetorical mechanism in his inaugural speech. This study further reveals that a good structural arrangement and systemic choices of cohesive devices are not only good to create strong textual unity but is also functionally potent to communicate political senses and to mobilise electorates’ supports. The study concludes that many politicians purposively structure some linguistic choices to reconstruct readers’ minds so as to persuade them to their sides accordingly.
Keywords: Democracy, Politicking, Rhetoric, Cohesion, Inaugural Speech and political communication
PUBLIC RELATIONS AND ITS IMPACT ON ACHIEVEMENT OF CUSTOMER DRIVE OBJECTIVE IN NIGERIA’S FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS
ADEYEMI, ABIODUN OLANREWAJU & ATUKUM, MARYAM AWUNGHAY
Department of Mass Communication, Federal Polytechnic, Bida Niger State
This study is predicated on the achievement of customer drive objective by banking services operators by means of effective Public Relations (PR) in Nigeria with focus on Guarantee Trust Bank (GTB), Minna Niger State Operation Office. The population of the study comprises of the staff and customers of GTB Minna which stood at 230. The study adopts non-probability sampling technique to study a sample size of 200 (30 staff and 170 customers) which were randomly selected using judgmental sampling method. The data were analyzed and validated using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) and interpreted with descriptive method. A major finding shows that majority of the respondents strongly agreed that PR in Deposit Money Banks is an active and effective strategy that guarantees competitiveness and customer satisfaction, also that customers are sensitive to workers’ attitude when they visit the Bank. In conclusion, evidence shows that public relations play vital role in promoting and improving the quality of services rendered by Deposit Money Banks. It is therefore recommended among others that organization should understand the best target audience for their public relations activities and they need to understand more about their customers. Also, Banks should increase their budget to the public relations department so as to be more effective in carrying their responsibilities effectively.
Keywords: Public relations; Impact; Achievement; Customer drive; Objective; Nigeria; Financial institutions.
THE NIGERIAN STATE AND THE ISSUE OF OIL SUBSIDY
ABDULKADIR ABDULLAHI; & SHUAIB ABDULLAHI
Department of Social Sciences, the Federal Polytechnic Bida, Niger State
The paper discusses petrol oil subsidy in Nigeria. Using the documentary approach, information was harvested from the review of newspaper reports, monographs, journals and books focusing on the years 2015 to 2022. The aim of the paper is to unveil and reveal the phenomenon on Nigeria. The study shows so much resource is spent on oil subsidy which could be better utilised to facilitate economic development of Nigeria. The Liberal Economic Theory and The Rosenstein-Rodan theory were identified as explanatory framework. It is concluded that oil subsidy as it is in Nigeria presently constitutes waste considering scarcity of funds needed for governance. It is recommended that resource spent on oil subsidy be rechannelled to fund infrastructural development, subsidy of agriculture and manufacturing through accountable, well monitored and evaluated programmes that facilitate economic and human development.
Keywords: Subsidy, The State, Crude Oil, Oil pricing, Dollar, Naira
CUSTOMISING FULANI TRADITIONAL ATTIRE AS A TOURISTS’ SOUVENIR
1ABDULLAHI GARBA ALHAJI, 2UMAR ABUBAKAR, 3NDALNAMU JULIANA PHILIP
1Department of Tourism Management Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Mubi, Adamawa State. 2Department of Tourism Management Technology, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna. 3Departnebt of Hospitality Management Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Mubi, Adamawa State
The Fulani Traditional Attire is one of the traditional dresses found mainly around West Africa. It has colourful embroidery; consisting of blue, green, red, and or black yarn thread. This work tends to develop a customised Fulani Traditional Attire as a Tourists’ Souvenir. The work adopted the traditional method of embroidery to produce a customised design for tourist purpose. This is done to boost the economic effect of tourism to the local craftsmen as well as promoting the image of the country. The fabrication seeks to develop a model attire were tourist attractions or tourists’ names can be inscribed. This inscription will allow tourists to take home mementoes that will remind them of their visit. The product was so accepted and the willingness to buy has been generated in those that saw the fabricated product. The government must sit-up in promoting our rich tangible cultural resources.
Keywords: Customising, Traditional Attire, Tourist, Souvenir