CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT (CJECM) VOL. 18 (4)
MARCH, 2020 EDITION
Cambridge Research and Publications International,
Africa (Nigeria): Centre for African Humanity and Development Circle
(CAHDC), University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu State, Nigeria
Copyright © 2020 Cambridge Research and Publications International.
3 DIMENSIONAL MODEL MAP OF GENERAL HASSAN USMAN KATSINA UNITY COLLEGE, BAUCHI
ABDULKADIR, AHMED, ISAH, YAKUBU LERE & HASSAN, REKIYA
Dept. of Surveying & Geoinformatics, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi, Nigeria
This study is aimed at producing 3 Dimensional model map of General Hassan Usman Katsina Unity College, Bauchi. A total station (TOPCON GST213) was used to obtain the rectangular coordinates (E, N, and Z) of natural and man-made features of the study area. The coordinate were later typed in note pad and exported to AutoCAD 2006 and SURFER8 software for analysis. The AutoCAD was used for plotting of the feature while SURFER8 was used for 3D Terrain model (DTM) the AutoCAD drawings were exported to the ARC VIEW for the generation of contours. The map was produced in different layers. The layers were superimposed on one another to form 3D model map. The 3D model map of the study area was produced. It is recommended that further research should be conducted using other methods such as 3D modelling using Google sketch up application software or satellite imagery methods. It is also recommended that the map may be used for further construction within the college by the authorities concern.
Keywords: 3Dimensional model, reconnaissance, coordinates, spot heights, contours
SPATIO-TEMPORAL GROUNDWATER VARIABILITY OF PHYSICOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF MINNA AND ENVIRONS, NIGER STATE, NIGERIA
BASHIR B.Y. AND DR. A. ABDULKADIR
Department of Geography, Futminna, Nigeria
Spatio-temporal groundwater variability of physicochemical parameters was investigated in Minna and Environs. The Study analysed selected physicochemical parameters of hand dug well water. Mixed methods approach of quantitative and qualitative research methods were adopted. A total of twenty four water samples were collected from twelve wells for both rainy (October, 2018) and dry (March, 2019) seasons from four locations and taken to the laboratory for the physicochemical analysis in order to determine the level of chemical concentration and the results were compared with NSDWQ (2007) and WHO (2011) standards. The physicochemical: colour, odour, pH, Turbidity, electrical Conductivity, Total Dissolved Solid, Chloride–, sulphate, Nitrate, Alkalinity, Total Hardness and Total Suspended Solid were determined using standard laboratory testing methods. Statistical analyses was conducted using one way ANOVA and Duncan PostHoc via SPSS package version 23. The results indicates that all the physicochemical parameters analysed were within the NSDWQ and WHO recommended standards for both rainy and dry seasons excepts colour, odour Cl– and TH which exceeded the permissible limits. Just one sample and four samples during the rainy and dry seasons were recorded brown and slightly brownish respectively. Odour was detected in two samples only in the rainy season. The TH was significantly (p<0.05) highest in MK (626.67±174.58 mg/l) and MT (540.00±255.02) during dry season than the rainy season exceeding the NSDWQ (2007) and WHO (2011) limits of 150 mg/l and 500 mg/l respectively. While Cl– were significantly highest in MK (389.95±48.39 mg/l) and MR (291.88±49.35 mg/l) exceeding the permissible limit of 250 mg/l given by NSDWQ and WHO respectively. The study therefore reveals that the physicochemical parameters of the well water samples in MK, MR, CH and MT are generally suitable for drinking and for domestic purposes. The hardness of the water should be soften for domestic purposes through the use of Soda and simple home white vinegar to neutralise excess calcium.
Keywords: Hand dug wells; Spatio-temporal; Groundwater Variability; Minna and environs; Physicochemical
ASSESSMENT OF THE LEVEL OF KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE, AND PRACTICE AMONG UPM STUDENTS TOWARD FOOD WASTE GENERATION AND INTERVENTION.
MOHAMED HUSSEIN ABDI WAZIRI H.I., & ROSTA H.
Department of Environmental Studies. Faculty of Environmental Studies UniversitiPutra Malaysia, 43400, UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.
Over the last decade, the impact of food waste has increasingly become a vital topic in the global aspect and it has attracted the attention of academicians. Statistics from the Solid Waste Corporation of Malaysia showed that in 2015, food waste in Malaysia had reached 15,000 tons daily, including 3,000 tons that was still fit for consumption and should not have been discarded. When food is disposed in a landfill, it rots and becomes a significant source of methane. Food wastage has influenced global warming, water consumption, natural biodiversity and land use. When related to domestic aspect studies specifically, comparatively a little is known about food waste production in universities though food courts and dining halls. This study was conducted to assess the level of knowledge, attitude and practice among UPM students toward food waste generation and the intervention for this research was conducted using a primary data survey. A sample of 216 self-administered questionnaires was randomly distributed across all faculties in UPM SPSS (version 25.0) to analyze the result of the data. The results show that knowledge, attitudes, and practices among UPM students towards food waste generation and intervention. More than half of the respondents have good level of knowledge, attitude and practice regarding food waste generation and intervention of the research indicates that there are no significant differences in the level of knowledge, attitudes, and practices food waste generation and intervention between the socio demographic factors.
Keywords: food waste, intervention, KAP study, UPM students.
EFFECT OF UNCONTROLLED LAND USE CHANGES ON NEIGHBORHOOD QUALITY IN KARU, NASARAWA STATE
IBRAHIM ABDULLAHI SABO, DAHIRU ADAMU, TAFIDA ADAMU IBRAHIM, MUHAMMAD ABUBAKAR SADIQ
1,2&4Department of Estate Management and Vaulation, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Bauchi. 3Quantity Surveying Department, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Bauchi.
This research examines the effect of uncontrolled and use changes on neighborhood quality. All of these different uses have at some of the time led to overlapping uses with one use negatively affecting the other. Hence, the need to have a defined process or system of and administration and management which would govern the use to which land is put as well as ensures complementary land uses. Descriptive statistics based on mean ranking standard deviation was adopted and it shows that profit maximization ranked 1st with government policies ranking last. In another vein where the neighborhood quality is looked into it shows that quality of building ranked 1st and communication signs and symbol ranked last. While regression analysis was also adopted as shown in the main work with the view to show the effect of uncontrolled land use changes on neighborhood quality in the study area. Descriptive statistics based on mean ranking and standard deviation was adopted and it shows the preferred measures to take in order to curb uncontrolled changes in land uses. Data was collected by way of questionnaire administration. Data retrieved were analyzed using descriptive and information obtained was presented using SPSS. This study found that the main reason individuals engage in land use change is to make extra money. Data was also ranked on a 5-point Likert Scale using mean ranking. This study found that the main reason for individuals engaging in land use is to make extra money and that the Development Control Department is taking measures in form of dispatching teams to identify breaches and sanction of violators.
Keywords: Effect, Land use change, Neighborhood Quality, Karu, Nasarawa State.
EVALUATION OF THE EFFECTS OF LOW HORIZONTAL VISIBILITY ON FLIGHT OPERATIONS IN NNAMDI AZIKIWE INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT, ABUJA.
1IORNONGO TERSEER, 2T.I YAHAYA, JIYA SAMUEL BABANMA3 ISAH JIBRIN MASHA4
1, 2 Department of Geography, Federal University of Technology Minna 3,4Department of Geography, Niger State College of Education, Minna.
The aim of the study is to evaluate the effects of low horizontal visibility on flight operations in Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport Abuja, Nigeria. The data for low horizontal visibility frequency (2009-2018) were collected from the Nigerian Meteorological Agency (NIMET), while the data for flight operations and Air accident were obtained from the Nigerian Airspace Management Agency (NAMA) and AIB (Accident Investigation Bureau) respectively. The linear regression analysis was used to examine the relationship between the selected weather parameter and flight operations in the study area, it was achieved with the use of the data analysis pack of the Microsoft excel program. To compare the relationship between the weather element (visibility) and air accidents at the Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport Abuja, the linear regression analysis was also used to determine the degree of relationship that exists between these two variables of interest. The time series plot of monthly total of visibility and monthly average of visibility shows that the poor visibility at Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport occurred during dry seasons i.e mostly January and December period under the years of study. The lowest occurred in the month of January. The trend in visibility in the study area in an annual and monthly basis both have a negative trend which means that visibility on annual and monthly basis are decreasing. The coefficient of the visibility (-5.531E-5) is negative meaning the lower the poor visibility occurred, the lower the number of flight diversion. The F-statistic value of 15.804 at 5% (p<0.05) implies that there is a significant relationship between flight diversion and visibility under the year of study. The coefficient of the visibility (-1.078E-6) is negative meaning the lower the poor visibility occurred, the lower the air accident. The F-statistic value of 2.727 at 5% (p>0.05) implies that there is no significant relationship between air accident and visibility under the year of study. I hereby recommend that The Nigerian Meteorological Agency (NIMET) and Nigeria Airspace Management Agency (NAMA) should be provided with advanced equipment to facilitate their duty, Aircraft with modern technology that can operate in terms of fog and mist should be introduced to the Nigerian Airports.
Keyword: Visibility, Regression, Flight, Coefficient, Relationship and horizontal
GOVERNANCE RESPONSE TO FLOOD DISASTERS IN NIGERIA: A CONCEPTUAL REVIEW
RASHEED A. KURANGA AND EMMANUEL T. UMARU
Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Federal University of Technology Minna, Niger State, Nigeria
Nigeria, like many other countries, faces recurring incidents of flooding annually. However, effective governance response to the flood disaster remains a challenge, especially at the local level. This concern persists despite Nigeria being a member and signatory to global frameworks for good governance response to flood disaster. Government response to flood disaster is limited to the provision of relief materials to affected communities in the face of poor coordination of the NEMA which is responsible for such activities. This study seeks to assess the flood disaster governance system in Nigeria through literature reviews, with a particular focus on disaster risk reduction at the local level. The findings of the study show that despite the recurring nature of flood disaster annually, there is no locally effective program or sensitization on disaster preparedness, prevention and mitigation, resilience and recovery even when there are international templates for national, regional and local levels. Hence, the study recommends that Disaster Risk Governance should wake up to its call of disaster risk reduction especially in the emergence of the Ministry for Humanitarian Affairs, Disaster Management and Social Development.
Keywords: Flood disaster, flood management, disaster framework, disaster risk reduction, governance response
AN INTEGRATED APPROACH TO REDUCING DESIGN ERRORS IN NIGERIAN CONSTRUCTION FOR SUSTAINALE DEVELOPMENT
ZAKARIYA B.H1, NASIRU M.2, MUKHTAR M.M3
1 Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University.Department of Building Technology 2,3Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University. Department of Quantity Survey
(Reason and Hobbs, 2003), define error as the failure of planned actions to achieve their desiredgoals, where this occurs without some unforeseeable or chance intervention. Design error is a deviation from a drawing or specification, also including omissions and ambiguities, the rate of occurrence of design errors on building projects is becoming alarming by the day, this have had several adverse effect on the construction industry such as cost overrun, in extreme cases and prolonged delay in the completion time of construction project which will prevent building projects to achieve sustainability in development through increasing the final cost on construction project. Although design error in construction project seems somewhat inevitable, the aim of this research is to determine the factors that will reduce design errors on construction projects in. Sixty five professionals in Bauchi state of Nigeria were issued well-structured, the data were collected and analyzed using descriptive method of statistics (tables and chats), relative important index (RII) Proper implementation of design management, introduction of multidisciplinary design team during the design stage, Proper implementation of procurement strategies at the design stage should be adopted by both clients and professionals so as to reduce the rate of errors, omission and ambiguity.
Keywords: Design errors, Sustainaility and construction industry.
STUDY OF QUALITY MANAGEMENT PRACTICES OF BUILDING CONSTRUCTION FIRMS IN JOS METROPOLIS
LAWAL ZUBAIRU ADAM1, SANI .U. KUNYA2, USMAN SANUSI ABDULMUMIN3
Department of Building Technology, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi, Nigeria
The study aimed at assessing quality management practices of building construction firms in Jos metropolis. Data used for the study were gathered through the use of 40 returned questionnaires administered to construction sites in Jos metropolis. A random sampling technique was used in determining the sample. A sample size of 52 and a population size of 61 were used. Descriptive statistics and relative importance index (RII) were used in the analysis. The research findings shows that adequate of site personnel (RII=0.87), adequate of project control (RII=0.86), certification of materials (RII=0.83) ranked highly significant as factors of quality management. Whereas onsite supervision (RII=0.86), education of employee on the need for quality (RII=0.83) and compliance to quality standard (RII=0.83) ranked highest as the most significant among the practices that firms conform with ensure quality management. The research also established that there are some variations with regards to firm size in conformity with quality management practices. It was concluded that inadequate on site supervision, customer satisfaction and education of employees on the need for quality management are the major practices that firms need to conform to ensure quality management in building construction firms. The research recommends building construction firms to conform strictly to quality management practices.
Keywords: Quality management, construction firms
DELINEATION OF GROUNDWATER POTENTIAL ZONES IN ILORIN METROPOLIS, KWARA STATE, NIGERIA.
GIDADO YUSUF HABEEB AND ABDULKADIR, A.
Department of Geography, Federal University of Technology Minna, Niger State.
The integration of data and techniques of remote sensing and geographic information system (GIS) for the exploration of groundwater resources has become a breakthrough in the field of research of the groundwater, which contributes to the assessment, monitoring and conservation of the groundwater resources. In this study, we outlined several areas of groundwater potential to assess the availability of groundwater in the metropolitan area of the Ilorin, Kwara State using remote sensing data and GIS techniques. ASTER GDEM, Rainfall image, Soil shapefile, wells location point shapefile and Landsat 8 (OLI) satellite imagery are used to prepare various thematic layers: topographic elevation, lineament density, slope gradient, land use and land cover, topographic wetness index, drainage density, soil, groundwater level fluctuation and rainfall were prepared in raster format using ArcGIS 10.5. The raster maps of these factors are allocated a fixed score and weight computed from pairwise comparison of Analytical Hierarchical Process (AHP) technique. Moreover, each weighted thematic layer is statistically computed to get the groundwater potential zones. The groundwater potential zones thus obtained were divided into four categories, viz., low, moderate, high, and very high zones. The potential groundwater zones thus obtained were divided into four categories: low, moderate, high, and very high zones. The resulting groundwater potential map showed that about 53.57% of the total surface area ranged from “high” to “very high”, indicating that almost half of the study area had good groundwater potential. About 46.25% had moderate potential, while only 0.18% fell below the low potential area. The study’s approach can be used as a new way to model geospatial data for the identification and mapping of potential groundwater zones. The results of the study are useful for the information planner of the first line, and local authorities for the assessment, planning, management and administration of groundwater resources in the metropolitan of the Ilorin.
Keywords: Delineation, Groundwater, Potential, Zones, Ilorin Metropolis.
ASSESSMENT OF IMPACT OF CHARCOAL PRODUCTION IN BIDA AND ITS ENVIRONS, NIGER STATE NIGERIA
USMAN ABUBAKAR & DR. (MRS) MOHAMMED MAIRO
Department of Geography Federal University Technology Minna
Charcoal is mostly pure carbon known as char that is been produced by cooking of woods in low oxygen environment which takes some days and burns some volatile compounds like water, methane, hydrogen and tar, but when been produced in commercial quantities this burning takes place in large hole, concrete, bricks and steel silos with little oxygen’s and it’s been stopped halfway to avoid over burning that will turn it to ash. This charcoals is been produced for commercial and domestic purposes like cooking and industrial uses. The purpose of this study was to assess the Impact of charcoal production in Bida and its environs, The aim and objectives is to examine the land use and land cover of the area from 1988-2018, examine the trend in the land cover change. The data used for the study were Landsat 5 Thematic Mapper (TM) of 1988, 1998, Landsat Enhanced Thematic Mapper plus (ETM+) data of 2008 and Operational Land Imager (OLI) of 2018.the land use and land cover was classified into five classes from 1988– 2018 as well as simulate to 2038 to monitor the changes that have taken place over time and space and using Cellular Automata Markov (CA_ Markov) for modeling and predicting the future expansion of built-up lands that would take place in the study area by the year 2038.The results show that urban land use was high between 2008 to 2018 occupying about 455.8401 (25%) in 2008 and536.5422 km2 (29%), it will experience further increase to (44.43%) in 2038 of the total land mass. Also forest is on the decrease from 11% (205.0443 km2) in 2008 to 9% (158.6844 km2) in 2018.The results illustrate that if the trend of change in the future period continues the built-up lands would cover 44.43% of the total area in the study area by 2038. Moreover, the expansion of the built-up lands occurred at the expense of the agricultural forest, vegetation and arable lands. The study concludes that excess tree cutting without reforestation program causes deforestation which contributes to carbon dioxide accumulation in the atmosphere, for trees absorbs carbon dioxide CO2 and gives out oxygen and when there is excess carbon as a result of human and other factors with less trees to absorb them, more carbon dioxide will be trapped in the atmosphere causing warming that can force climate change which creates extreme weather conditions like drought, melting of ice, excess rainfalls and others. This study recommends that proper awareness, monitoring should be implemented on all charcoal production sites and government should improve on some few basic amenities to substitute usage of charcoals like electricity and gas, with a proper afforestation program to protect these depleted forests reserves.
Keywords: Tm, CA Markov Land use and Land cover, Oli
SOCIO ECONOMIC IMPACT OF JEBBA HYDRO POWER DAM ON SOME DOWNSTREAM COMMUNITIES IN NIGER STATE, NIGERIA
ADAMU USMAN1 EMIGILATI, M. A.2
Geography Department, Federal University of Technology, Minna.
Ever since the construction of Jebba dam, the downstream communities have been subjected to several hardships as a result of flood occurrences and other devastations caused by the dam. Many people lost their houses and other properties worth millions of naira. Therefore the aim of this paper is to assess the socio- economic impacts of Jebba hydro power dam on some downstream communities in Niger State, Nigeria. The primary data were collected directly from the field survey, personal interview and questionnaire. The secondary data are those data that have been used by previous researchers as well Niger State Emergency Management Agency documents on environmental hazard associated to the study areas. Other secondary sources include Google Earth map of 2016, journals, textbooks, newspapers, unpublished and published theses. Data collected using questionnaire and oral interview was analysed statistically through frequency percentage and 3-point likert type scale in the study area. As revealed in the result, some downstream communities were less vulnerable and some were highly vulnerable to flood. The less vulnerable include Funti, Ogundu and Kpatsuwa. Highly vulnerable downstream communities of Jebba dam include Jebba Gungu, Muwo and Tatabu. As revealed in the study, loss of farm produce ranked the highest with 137 respondents, loss of human lives and shelter ranked second with 111 respondents, loss livestock ranked third with 35 respondents and loss of fishing equipment ranked the least with 28 respondents. This implies that the major socio-economic activity impacted was farm produce and the least was fishing equipment. The inhabitants of the study area were predominantly farmers and fishermen and so any impact on these occupations will translate to less socio-economic development. It’s therefore recommended that flood control structures or buffer zone should be created in areas of high and moderate vulnerability. Multi-sectoral approach to flood mitigation as opposed to single sector should be promoted as there are inter-linkages in terms of flood effect on various aspects of society.
Keywords: Jebba dam, Socio-economic, Flood, Downstream communities.
FACTORS AFFECTING THE EFFECTIVE IMPLEMENTATION OF PROPERTY MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES OF NIGERIAN RAILWAY CORPORATION IN KADUNA
HASSAN ABDURRAHMAN USMAN1, DR. ISAAC AYODELE OLATUNJI2 AND IBRAHIM GARBA3
1&2Estate Management and Valuation Department, Federal University of Technology, Minna 3Estate Management and Valuation Department, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi – Nigeria
Public Landed properties are those owned by the Federal, State, and Local governments as well as the various ministries, departments and agencies (MDA’s). There is no gain saying that the Nigerian Railway Corporation (NRC) which is a major public organization in Nigeria is about the largest corporate land and landed property owner in the country. Factors threatening the thrust of maximization of revenue accruing from the commercialization of NRC landed properties have affected management strategies of the organization. The study therefore examines factors affecting the implementation of strategies with a view to finding lasting solutions. The study analyzed 240 closed ended questionnaires administered through simple random sampling technique to occupants of NRC landed properties in Kaduna Metropolis. The study utilized both descriptive and inferential methods to analyze the responses. The result revealed that six the most important factors (financial and technical factors professional factor, administrative factors, intrinsic factor, negligence factor and management factors) were identified and constituted about 62.75% variance in the original factors affecting management strategies in Kaduna. The study concludes that knowledge of real estate education and practical experiences in professional property management were major tools in addressing the identified factors.
Keywords: Property management, strategies, performance
A COMPARATIVE ANALYSES OF TWO BONE ART SCULPTORS: HIDEKI TOKUSHIGE AND OSIBOYE OLUWASEUN OPEYEMI
OSIBOYE OLUWASEUN OPEYEMI
Department of Fine and Applied Arts, Federal College of Education (Technical) Bichi, P.M.B. 3473 Kano State
The aim of this paper is to make a comparative analysis of the bone sculptural artworks of Hideki Tokushige and Osiboye Oluwaseun Opeyemi. The identified bone artworks that were analysed for Hideki Tokushige are Madonna Lily and Chinese Lantern Plant, while that of Osiboye Oluwaseun Opeyemi are Grazing and Scapula Xylophone respectively. One of the objectives of the paper is to identify the types of animal bones the artists engage with, also identifying the differences and similarities between the bone sculptural artworks of the two artists. Observational and Survey method of research design are employed, while data was analyzed through descriptive method, in other to achieve the aim and objectives of the paper. The brief paper was therefore concluded with their similarities and differences which were deduce from their medium of expression, visual conceptualization, methods of preservation and review of literature.
Keywords: Hideki Tokushige, Osiboye Oluwaseun Opeyemi and Bone
ASSESSMENT OF TOURISM POTENTIALS OF GURARA AND MAYANKA WATERFALLS IN NIGER STATE, NIGERIA
BABA RAPHAEL SABO & DR. T. I. YAHAYA
Department of Geography, Federal University of Technology, Minna
Tourist attractions in Gurara and Mayanka Waterfalls in Niger State are largely undeveloped as there is barely any onsite accommodation. Ultimately this negatively influences tourism as tourists are forced to limit their stay. Therefore, this study assessed the tourism potentials of Gurara and Mayanka waterfalls in Niger State, Nigeria. The primary sources of data used in this thesis include questionnaire administration, oral interview and reconnaissance survey. The secondary data are those data that have been used by previous researchers, as well as Niger State Government documents on tourism of the study areas. These were used to achieve the stated objectives. The methods of data analysis include frequency percentage, statistical mean and four-point rating scale. The result revealed that Gurara waterfall attracts both indigenes and non-indigenes while Mayanka waterfalls attracts indigenes as perceived by the respondents. Strongly agreed ranked highest with 164 respondents, while no respondent disagreed or strongly disagreed in Gurara waterfalls. In Mayanka waterfall, disagreed ranked highest with 64 respondents and strongly disagreed ranked the least with 42 respondents. The result also shows that 189 respondents strongly agree that their exist tourism master plan for Gurara waterfall, 116 respondents strongly disagree for tourism master plan for Mayanka waterfall. This implies that only Gurara waterfall has tourism master plan but the implementation of the master plan was very low. The possible constraints of tourism in the study areas include lack of strategic marketing, lack of promotional programmes, and lack of proposed event product development; like festivals. Lack of strategic marketing ranked highest with 130 respondents and lack of promotional programmes ranked least with 80 respondents. This implies that the major possible constraint was lack of strategic marketing for the tourism sites. It’s therefore recommended that that tourism could flourish at Gurara and Mayanka Waterfalls in Niger State through proper co-operation and co-ordination of the key players which include tourism investors, Niger State Government, Host Communities and Local Government Authority.
Keywords: Gurara, Mayanka, Waterfalls, Tourism and Tourism potential
e –LAND DOCUMENT MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS: A CASE STUDY OF NIGER STATE GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM AGENCY.
1AHMAD USMAN PAI, 1O. A KEMIKI (PhD) AND 2ZAKARI USMAN DODO
1Department of Estate Management and Valuation, Federal University of Technology Minna. 2Department of Estate Management and Valuation, Niger State Polytechnic Zungeru.
The most crucial part of e-land document management system is to represent land information in such a way that splitting, merging and querying updating and retrieving of land information become easier, and also collecting and digitizing land data should be cost effective. This paper analysed all tools used in land documents management and Examine the challenges encountered in the process of e-land documentation and Develop possible ways to enhance effective e-land documentation. methods of data collection adopted was questionnaire to staff and applicant for title registration, Five point Likert rating scale was used to analysed data and The study discovered that inadequate public education and enlightenment on new digital certification process is one the challenges and The study found that enactment of the right legislation to make e-land titling accessible is major head way forward to sustainable e-land documentation in NIGIS at 96% relative important index. Despite the benefit associated with e-land document, it has also been understood that challenges in the process is inevitable. E-land document as tool for settling land related matters, it is therefore recommended that the process must ensure simplicity and easiness in digital certification.
Keyword: e –Land Document Management
THE ROLE OF ESTATE SURVEYORS AND VALUERS IN REVENUE GENERATION ON LAND RESOURCES
ESV ALLI KEHINDE ABDULRASHEED, LAWAL SIMIAT BUKOLA, AJIBADE RASHEED KAYODE AND OLATUNJI OLANREWAJU SAMSON
Dept Of Estate Management, Kwara State Polytechnic, Ilorin, Kwara State.
Resources are the valuable items that could be gotten or tapped from something else. Land on the other hand is the top most soil layer of the earth crust. Land be viewed in so many perceptions. It could be viewed from the physical, economical, legal, religion and political concept. To an expert on land management and administration, land goes beyond the solid part of the earth on which we walk on or build our roads and houses. It comprises whatever that is above and beneath the earth crust. That reminds us of the legal maxim which says “quic quid plantator solosolo cedit” meaning, whatever that is attached to the land permanently is part of the land. In a nutshell it means that he who owns the land owns anything thereof. When we talk of revenue, we mean monetary income. How do we now generate income from land? Land could be owned by individual, cooperate or government bodies. With this, whether government or private land, resources can still be tapped from it legally in form of tax i.e. property tax. One thing that needs to be emphasised on is that the subject of taxation is property. Property tax is a tax levied mainly on the real properties i.e. land and building. In Nigeria, Estate Surveyors and Valuers registered under the Act No 24 of 1975 is an expert on property and land matters, property tax inclusive. Hence, this paper examines the roles already assigned and those that should be assigned to the Estate Surveyors and Valuers in property tax administration in the country. To accomplish this task and in addition to the introductory section, this paper examines types of property taxes and why they are good sources of internally generated revenue and finally the concluding part where challenges or problems inhibiting the smooth administration of property tax and continued relevance of the role of Estate Surveyors and Valuer in property tax administration in the country were also discussed.
Keywords: Revenue Generation, Land Resourses, Estate Surveyors And Valuers, Land, Property Tax, Assessment, Tax Administration.
EXPLORING THE PRACTICE OF THE 21ST CENTURY WOMEN IN NIGERIAN VISUAL ART: A CASE OF TWO NORTHERN FEMALE ARTISTS
LADI ONYI ANDREA AGADA (Ph.D)
Department of Fine Art, Faculty of Environmental Design, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria
In historic times, northern women in Nigeria were not as active as men in visual art. Ladi Kwali was just about the only northern female artist that stood out among the northern male visual artists of the 50s. Few women like Lami Bature and Kaltume Bulama are identified as northern women who actively practised visual art in the 80s. With the ever growing existence of globalization, technology and modernization, more northern female artists are changing the art world today in different ways. However, with limited information on female artists from the North, this paper seeks to explore the world of Talatu Adiwu and Leni Satsi as northern Nigerian female artists of the 21st century mastering in the fields of painting and sculpture respectively. Information on these female artists was sourced using oral interviews and electronic messaging. The descriptive method of analysis was used to present the findings on these artists. Adiwu and Satsi are contemporary female artists who have displayed creativity, acuity, resilience and originality in their respective visual art practice. These female artists are breaking gender barriers by standing out among their male counterparts. They have created fascinating body of work and are still churning out new works. Both artists are drawn to nature and environmental features. Adiwu whose art style is experimental in nature, draws inspiration from nature which she expresses with the elements of art such as line, shape and colour, while Satsi has carved a niche for herself by rendering her sculptures in a proportionate aggregate of different media, and a potpourri of realism and stylization. By so doing, they are paving the way for other female artists, bringing many to self-realization of their potentials and encouraging them to practice and excel. It is therefore recommended that, other contemporary Nigerian female artists, actively practising visual art, should be recognized and documented for the sake of posterity.
Keywords: Contemporary, Northern Female Artists, Art Practice, Nigeria.
EVALUATION ON LAND CONFLICT IN SELECTED STATES OF NIGERIA: THE CAUSES, PATTERN AND WAY FORWARD
1SALAU L. T., 2AKINYEMI SAHEED O. & 3HADIZA AHMED MUSA
1Dept. of Estate Management and Valuation, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi. 2Dept. of Estate Management and Valuation, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Bauchi. 3Dept. of Estate Management, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna
Land conflicts have imposed a lot of problems in most states in Nigeria and the world at large. Dispute over land has made brother to rise against brother in which, many lives and countless properties have been lost lately in Nigeria. In other cases, many have been displaced from their original settlements as a result of these conflicts, rendering individuals homeless. The immediate implication of these conflicts is tremendous decline in economic and every other activities of man which are greatly dependent on land in the immediate scenes and the world at large. This research seeks to find out, why the sudden land conflict that has become so latent, affecting communities in Nigeria. The research employed qualitative method, making use of secondary data due to the nature of information required and the time frame required to conduct the study, this is to say the researchers are of the postpositivist methodological philosophy of research. The data were sourced from journals, textbooks, online daily newspapers and other online publications. The data collection focused on published articles of herdsmen-farmers conflicts and other communal and interpersonal land conflicts in Nigeria. It could be deduced that the rate of prevalence of land conflicts are high in Benue and Delta state of Nigeria depicting the fact that land is an essential resource for the survival and existence of man in which it has becomes a subject of dispute due to man‟s strong desire to possess it.
Keywords: Evaluation, Land Conflict, Causes, Pattern, Way Forward.
ANALYSING EFFECTS OF BURNT-BRICKS PRODUCTION ON THE ENVIRONMENT, ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND WELFARE OF NAKA TOWN, BENUE STATE
TPL. (DR) IKPE, SOLOMON TAR1; NYETI IKOEDEM WILLIAM2
1Department of Urban & Regional Planning, Federal Polytechnic, Damaturu. 2Department of Geography and regional planning, University of Uyo.
Harnessing environmental resources for rapid economic development and retaining sustainable environmental richnesshas become an intriguing issue of concern, which is presented in public discourse as if whatever method that enhances rapid economic development is retrogressive to environmental sustainability or vice-versa. However, as long as environmental resources and policies can contribute to economic development, there are economic policies that can enrich the environment. Anchored on the theory of the carrying capacity, the paper highlights a concise overview of the elements that are imperative to both economy and environment and how these have eventually become shared to promote human welfare. These areas are pinned down to case study the burnt-bricks production and ecological degradation in Naka. The study uncovered the array of relation between burnt-bricks and environmental sustainability. Adopting a survey research design, questionnaire variables that are relevant to both economy of construction and science of ecosystem and services that sustain the welfare of the living species including man were designed. In order to aid descriptive analysis, Industrial Network Theory (INT), Actor-Network Theory (ANT) and Effect Network Theory (ENT) have been employed. The part that concerns the economy describes production and economy of burnt-bricks, while the aspect that concerns the environment considers the sustainability of the burnt-brick environment and resources, while that of welfareassesses the welfare on humans and ecological species., the research finds that 54%of the land owners have 1-2hectares, 66.6% acquired their l traditionally and by inheritance; 53.3% get financial benefits; 56.7burn 10,000-20,000 brick annually while 43.3% burn more than 20,000annually. 40% meet family needs while 36.7 have built houses through the business. 43.3% complained of health problem while16.7% complained of crime activities in the borrowpits. Three hypotheses to test the no significant relationship between (i) amount of bricks burnt every year and the depth of borrow pits; (ii) the contribution of burnt bricks to flooding in Naka and (iii) if the number of years in the business relate with the benefits of earning in the industry. The p-values<0.05,implies that there were no enough statistical evidences to accept the null.
Keywords: Analysing, Effects, Burnt-Bricks, Production, Environment.
*MURITALA AFEEZ OLANIYI & **ESV. ADEPOJU SHAFIU ADEMOLA, ANIVS, RSV
*Department of Estate Management and Valuation, the Oke-Ogun Polytechnic, Saki, Oyo State **(Demola Adepoju & Company) No. 9 kabiawu Street, Off Veterinary Bus Stop, Along Oyo Road, Mokola Area, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.
Compulsory land acquisition is no doubt a government power to make land available for the provision of social amenities. However, it has attracted numerous controversies. Having resulted to the displacement of a whole/part of the community, affects people cohesion, livelihood and way of life. This study examines the land owner Perception on issues of compulsory land Acquisition in Igabi and Kaduna North Local Government Area of Kaduna State, Nigeria. Random sampling technique was adopted at the first stage in selecting 150 affected property owners (claimants) at Rigasa and Unguwar/dosa in Igabi and Kaduna North for administering questionnaires because they are target population of this research. Purposive sampling techniques was employed at the second stage in selecting 10 Ward Heads for interview. Structured questionnaires was used in the study and descriptive statistics were employed in the data analyses. The interview aspect was analysed using content analysis. The result showed that Majority of the community heads consent were duly informed about the land acquisition in their community, Majority of land owner express satisfaction with the procedures of compulsory acquisition which signifies that the principles of compulsory acquisition used by Kaduna state government is in line with its basic principles consequently, the study recommended that the Land Use Act as the current law governing the compulsory acquisition of land and other land issues needs to be reviewed.
PLANNING STANDARD COMPLIANCE AND IMPLICATION IN NIGERIA
SHINGGU, JAMES JESSE, KADALA, SOLOMON BANDI, & JOSEPH, STEPHEN
Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Federal Polytechnic, Mubi – Adamaawa State, Nigeria.
The success of planning depends on the level of compliance of developers to planning regulations which are set by the respective agencies monitoring development to ensure the successful implementation of planning schemes. This research reviewed the planning standards used in Nigeria which are published and being used by respective agencies and boards and professional organizations to guide development. The research reviewed discusses by professionals and Published material relevant standards for development control were discussed in this research and implications of these standards to physical development in Nigeria. The need for educational campaigns to educate residents of the study area on the importance of planning in the environment, the need to adhere to planning regulations, the need for provision of facilities such as water pipes and electricity lines to affected areas. The implication of adherence to planning standards is good urban development whereas lack of adherence brings challenges such as slum development which in the long term will result to flood disaster and fire disaster because of lack of space to channel runoff water and to create adequate circulation for services vehicles such as fire trucks and other facilities, utilities and services.
Keywords: Planning standards, Building Standards, Compliance, and Development Control.
IMPACT AND IMPLICATION OF FLUORIDE IN DIFFERENT SOURCES OF DRINKING WATER
L UMAR1, A.O. ADEYEMI2, F.C MBAMALU3
Civil Engineering Department, Federal Polytechnic Offa, Kwara State, Nigeria.
Fluoride is a chemical element that has shown to cause significant effects on human health through drinking water. Different forms of fluoride exposure are of importance and have shown to affect the body’s fluoride content and thus increasing the risks of fluoride-prone diseases. Fluoride has beneficial effects on teeth at low concentration of 1mg/l by preventing and reducing the risk of tooth decay. Concentration lower than 0.5mg/l of fluoride had shown to intensify the risk of tooth decay. Analysis of well water, tap water, rain water and borehole water was carried out using colorimetric method to determine the amount of fluoride in the four different water samples in Muu Road, Offa Local government area of Kwara State, Nigeria. The problem observed was that some people living in the area were suffering from skeletal deformation and dental fluorosis. This necessitates the study of fluoride content in the four samples sources of water. From the result, well water has 0.6mg/l, tap water has 0.6mg/l, rain water has 0.5mg/l and borehole water has 0.6mg/l. It was discovered that the four different samples have a value of fluoride content lower than the safe limit value recommended by the World Health Organization standard for the amount of fluoride that should be present in a given portable water which is 1.0-1.5mg/l. Hence, people in the study area should analyze their drinking water and there should be public enlightenment to this regard.
Keywords: fluoride, concentration, colorimetric, fluorosis, deformation.
CHALLENGES ASSOCIATED WITH EXECUTION OF PUBLIC HOUSING ESTATE IN IKORODU LAGOS, NIGERIA
ESV HASSAN OLANREWAJU ABDUL, OLADOJA ISMAILA OLAWALE & ESV OLOWOLERU OLAITAN ADEDEJI
Estate Management Department, Kwara State Polytechnic, Ilorin, Estate Management and Valuation Department, Federal Polytechnic offa.
According to people opinion and investigation on public housing sector in Nigeria has not explicit considered the level of implementation of housing projects despite the facts that housing policies dictate the nature of development of housing in the country. This research work therefore examines the various issues involved in public housing sector programmes in Nigeria. Using some kind of methodology which questionnaire were administered to the ministry (15 questionnaire) and developer (12 questionnaire) in housing sector in lagos Nigeria which the total are 27 questionnaire. The systematic random sampling technique where adopted in administered of the questionnaire to receive vital information. A detailed of the research review the existing housing policies, identifying the various problems militating against the achievement of the goals of public sector housing projects and suggesting possible recommendations towards addressing the problems.
Keyword: Execution, Public Housing, Growth, Development, Project Management