CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY EDUCATION RESEARCH (CJCER)
VOL. 21 NO. 8 – JUNE, 2021 EDITION
Cambridge Research and Publications International,
Africa (Nigeria): Centre for African Humanity and Development Circle
(CAHDC), University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu State, Nigeria
Copyright © 2021 Cambridge Research and Publications International.
INFLUENCE OF SCHOOL-BASED MANAGEMENT COMMITTEES ON THE ADMINISTRATION OF SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN NORTH-WEST ZONE, NIGERIA
MUHAMMAD HASSANA LAWAL
Department of Educational Foundations and Curriculum, Faculty of Education Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria
This study examined the Influence of School-Based Management Committees on the Administration of Secondary Schools in North-west Zone, Nigeria. To achieve this, two (2) objectives were set; ascertain the influence of School-Based Management Committees on school-community relationship, evaluate the influence of School-Based Management Committees on students’ enrolment and retention in secondary schools in North-west zone, Nigeria among others. The study has two (2) research questions and null hypotheses. Relevant related literatures were reviewed for the study. The study adopted descriptive survey research design and the population of the study was 55,306 comprised of 1440 Ministry of Education officials, 3078 principals and 50,788 teachers in North-west Zone, Nigeria. The sample size of 389 was purposively drawn from the population comprised of 79 principals, 60 MOE officials and 250 teachers. Adopted questionnaire which contained 20 item statements with 5 likert rating scales was used as instrument for data collection. The reliability coefficient of the instrument was 0.87at 0.05 level of significance. Three hundred and sixty nine (369) questionnaires were returned. The data collected from the field were analyzed using descriptive statistics of frequencies, percentages and mean scores to describe the demographic characteristics of the respondents and answer all research questions. Inferential statistics of One Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was used to test all the two (2) null hypotheses at 0.05 levels of significance. There is influence of School-Based Management Committees on school community relationship in the administration of secondary schools and the test of null hypothesis affirmed that the influence is statistically significant (P=.537). The study concluded among School community relationship shall be maintained as this will bring active community participation. It was recommended among others that Educated and people of high integrity with the interest of educational development should be elected as SBMC members as this will enhance cordial and harmonial school-community relationship.
Keywords: School-Based Management Committees, Administration of Secondary Schools, School-Community and Students Enrolment
AFRICAN INDIGENOUS CHURCHES: RELEGION EDUCALON SLUDIES OF CHERUBIM AND SERAPHIM IN AZARE KATAGUM LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, BAUCHI STATE
*ZAKKA G.W; **WADAM Z.S; & ***ZAKKA S.W
*Department of English and Literacy Studies, Faculty of Arts and Education, Bauchi State University Gadau. **Department of Arts Education Faculty of Education, University of Jos. ***Department of Sociology, Faculty of Social Science, University of Jos.
The study investigates African indigenous churches particularly Cherubim and Seraphim in Azare Katagum Local Government Area. It has been observed that African indigenous churches are discarded by other Orthodox churches. This becomes a posting problem. The findings from the study indicated that the Cherubim and Seraphim church used to cure various sicknesses through the use of Holy oil accompanied by faith and fasting. The churches were known for their distinctive certain characteristics such as wearing white garments, belts, drumming and dancing during services, clapping hands, shouting Halleluiah during their service. The used to off their shoes when entering the church. The organization of Cherubim and Seraphim was founded by Saint Moses Orimolade Tunolase who was a member of Anglican church before he was called by God through vision in Lagos. The aim of this study is to identify the problems facing the Cherubim and Seraphim church in the study area. The study recommends that ethnicity and denominational differences practice should be avoided.
BBC’S INVESTIGATIVE REPORT ON SEX FOR RADES IN AFRICAN UNIVERSITIES: KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDE TO SEXUAL HARASSMENT AMONG FEMALE UNDERGRADUATES
*Ernest-Onuiri, Patricia E. PhD; **Ntiwunka, Gift U. PhD; &***Adegunle, Moses O.
*Department of Mass Communication, Veronica Adeleke School of Social Sciences Babcock University, Ilishan-Remo, Ogun state. **Department of Political Science and Public Administration, Veronica Adeleke School of Social Sciences Babcock University, Ilishan-Remo, Ogun state. ***Department of Mass Communication, Veronica Adeleke School of Social Sciences Babcock University, Ilishan-Remo, Ogun state.
Sexual advances and threats by faculty in tertiary institutions demanding sexual favours of students in exchange for grades is a form of sexual harassment that is an issue of gender concern as female students have been most victimized. Despite efforts to curb this menace such as dismissal of faculty, high-ranking members of faculty as seen in Nigerian universities continue to perpetuate the act. Anchored on information-integration theory, this study sought to determine the impact of BBC’s 2019 documentary on sex for grades on the knowledge and attitude to sexual harassment among Babcock University female undergraduates in final year. Adopting experimental research design, the knowledge and attitude to sexual harassment of 60 respondents were recorded pre and post exposure to the film. Findings reveal a significant increase in responses post exposure to film which reiterates the impact of the mass media on audience knowledge and attitude towards issues as they unfold in society. it is recommended that local media embark in investigative journalism into the nature of sexual harassment in Nigeria institutions as this will further lend credence to addressing this concern in society, as well as provide insights to society.
Key words: Sexual Harassment, Sex for grades, Tertiary institutions, Faculty, Knowledge, Attitude
TASK-TECHNOLOGY FIT OF TURNITIN PLAGIARISM DETECTION TECHNOLOGY ON USER ACCEPTANCE AND SATISFACTION IN FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY MINNA, NIGER STATE.
*ABU, SAMSON OKPANACHI; **DR. F. P. ABIFARIN (PH.D); & ***DR. G. A. BABALOLA (PH.D)
*Department of Library and Information Technology, School of Information and Communication Technology, Federal University of Technology Minna, Niger State. **Department of Library and Information Technology, School of Information and Communication Technology, Federal University of Technology Minna, Niger State. ***Department of Library and Information Technology, School of Information and Communication Technology, Federal University of Technology Minna, Niger State.
The study investigated the task-technology fit of turnitin plagiarism detection technology on user acceptance and satisfaction in federal university of technology Minna, Niger State. The study was guided by three hypotheses. The study adopted quasi-experimental research design. The population of the study was 51 turnitin officers. Proportional sampling technique was adopted in selecting 42 turnitin officers. The research instrument used was adapted questionnaire with 7 point scale. Inferential statistics of Kendal Tau b was used to test the hypothesis at 0.05 level of significance. Result of the hypotheses tested revealed that there was significant influence of task-technology fit on perceived usefulness of turnitin. The study also showed that there was significant relationship between task-technology fit and perceived ease of use of turnitin by turnitin officers. And there was significant relationship between task-technology and user satisfaction of turnitin plagiarism detection technology. The study recommended that students should be exposed to the usage of the technology at the first year in the institution, and turnitin officers should be trained recurrently.
KEYWORDS: Task, Technology, Task-Technology fit, Turnitin, Plagiarism, Self-efficacy, User satisfaction, Turnitin officers.
PANDEMIC, PODCASTING AND QUALITY IN NIGERIA UNIVERSITIES
DR ADU EMMANUEL IFEDAYO
Educational Technology Department Bamidele Olumilua University of Education, Science and Technology Ikere Ekiti
The COVID-19 pandemic was a great challenge to quality education in Nigeria universities. Hence, it is important to create discourse around the pandemic through quality research evidence to forestall future problems related to pandemic in Nigeria. This research contextualised quality in Nigeria universities in the light of poor physical and online infrastructure. Also, this research explained the concept of pandemic as a deadly disease and likewise discussed ideas on podcasting with quality in Nigeria Universities. The findings of this study showed that additional efforts are required towards ensuring quality in Nigeria universities. Especially, during a pandemic situation that requires updated physical and online infrastructural system for globally desired educational practices. Based on these findings the relevant conclusions were made.
KEYWORDS: Pandemic, Podcasting, Quality, Nigeria, Universities.
PRINCIPALS’ ADMINISTRATIVE ACTIONS FOR IMPROVING INSTRUCTIONAL EFFICIENCY IN ANAMBRA STATE PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS
ONYEKWELU, RAPHAEL AZUBUIKE
Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu, University, Igbariam Campus
This study was aimed at investigating the principals’ administrative actions for improving instructional efficiency in Anambra State public secondary schools. Descriptive survey research design was adopted in conduct of the study. Two research questions and two research hypotheses guided this study. The population comprised 257 principals and 6,185 teachers making a total of 6441 in all the six edu0cation zones in Anambra State. Through the application of stratified, purposive and simple random sampling techniques, a sample of 26 principals and 618 teachers which totals 644 respondents representing 10% of the population was covered in the survey. A structured questionnaire titled “Principals’ Administrative Measures for Enhancing Instructional Effectiveness Questionnaire (PAMEIEQ)” was adopted in collection of data for the study. The face and content validity of the instrument was carried out by experts. Cronbach Alpha reliability technique was used in determining the reliability coefficients of the instrument which gave a coefficient of .81 which was considered high enough and reliable for the instrument. The research questions were analyzed using mean statistic while the hypotheses were tested using independent t-test. Findings from the study showed that there is a high extent of improvement on instructional efficiency of teachers through the utilization of curriculum review and use of instructional materials in Anambra State public secondary schools.
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SPATIAL ABILITY AND PHYSICS ACHIEVEMENT AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN OKENE METROPOLIS, KOGI STATE.
ASUKU VICTOR ONOOTU, A. A. HASSAN (PHD), & C. S. GANA (PHD)
Department of Science Education, School of Science and Technology Education, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Niger State, Nigeria
This study investigated the relationship between secondary school students’ spatial ability and physics achievement, as well as the role of gender. Correlational research design was employed in this study. A total number of 123 students, consisting of 67 male and 56 female students participated in this study. Two stage sampling was involved. First, three schools were drawn randomly from the twelve senior secondary schools in Okene metropolis, and intact class of SS1 students were chosen purposively in the second stage of the sampling. Two instruments were used in this study, which are Purdue Visualization of Rotations Test (ROT) adopted from Guay (1980), and Test of Understanding Kinematics (TUG-K) adopted from Beichner (1994). The reliability of TUG-K as determined by Beichner (1994) using KR-20 was 0.83 while the reliability of ROT as determined by Guay (1980) using KR-20 was 0.85. Three hypotheses were generated to achieve the objectives of this study. The three hypotheses were tested using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient. Findings from the study showed that there was a significant relationship between spatial ability and kinematics achievement among secondary school students, there was a significant relationship between spatial ability and kinematics achievement among male secondary school students, and there was a significant relationship between spatial ability and kinematics achievement among female secondary school students. Based on these findings, it was concluded that there was a statistically significant relationship between spatial ability and physics achievement. It’s then recommended that physics teachers should try to establish a classroom environment that facilitates the use of images in teaching and learning of physics concepts. Student’s participation and interest in physics may be aroused when they discover that the ability to compute mathematical formulas is not the only ability required to solve physics problems but one can also employ the use of images in solving problems in physics.
KEYWORDS: Achievement, Kinematics, Physics, Spatial Ability
COUNSELLING STRATEGIES FOR REDUCING SUBSTANCE ABUSE AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN OGIDI EDUCATION ZONE OF ANAMBRA STATE.
DR NWOBI NGOZIKA L.; DR. UZOEKWE HELEN E.; DR. OFOJEBE EDNA. & NWANA UJU C.
Department of Guidance and Counselling, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka.
Substance abuse is one of the health challenging problems across the world especially with the adolescents. This study sought to determine the causes, consequences and counselling strategies that could be used to reduce this pandemic. The descriptive survey was adopted for this study .Three research questions guided the study. The population of the study comprised all the 103 school counsellors in Anambra state (P.P.S.S.C. Awka, 2021). Since population is few, there is no need for sampling. The researchers used structured ‘’Causes, Consequences and Counselling Strategies in Reducing Adolescent Substance Abuse Questionnaire’’ (CCCSRASAQ).The reliability co-efficient were established by subjecting the instrument to trial test while their internal consistency was determined using Cronbach alpha. The reliability co efficient was 0.74. Face to face method of administration was employed. Response to these questions was analyzed using mean scores. Findings include that cultural influences, Peer pressure, curiosity, thirst for new experience, Permissive parenting style, and seeking revenge especially cult groups were the causes of adolescent substance abuse and the consequences of substance abuse include poor academic achievement, road accident, poor relationship, risky behaviours among others. While counselling strategies are dissemination of information about the effects of these substances and introduction of drug education amongst others. Based on the findings, recommendations were made among which are introduction of drug education to create awareness for the students and government should step up law enforcement strategies to reduce substance abuse such as policy on substance abuse.
Key words: Adolescence, Substance abuse, Addiction, Prevention, Counselling.
STUDENTS’ AWARENESS AND UTILIZATION OF GOOGLE APPLICATIONS IN TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS IN BAUCHI STATE, NIGERIA
*AYUBA KALURI; **OYENIYI SOLOMON OLAYINKA
Nigeria Maritime University, Okerenkoko, Delta State
**Faculty of Education Taraba State University, Jalingo Taraba State
The study investigated the students’ awareness and utilization of google applications in tertiary institutions in Bauchi State, Nigeria. The research was a descriptive method of the survey type. The four tertiary institutions were randomly selected based on the zones. two research questions and two research hypotheses guided the study. The population comprised of 250 students. A questionnaire entitled “An investigation on students’ awareness and utilization of google applications in tertiary institutions in Bauchi State, Nigeria” were used to collect data. The study concluded that tertiary institution students were aware and had access to google apps. Given chance, there is readiness in students to make use of Google apps for learning. The implication was that, using Google Apps for learning would transform classroom activities and would enhance the process of communication both within and outside the schools. It was recommended that awareness should be created among students for consistent with adequate information in other to leverage their competency on the technology without gender or bias and government should provide Online facilities like E-Library, large bandwidth, fiber optics cables, WIFI, subsidized branded computers and other ICT tools for students that will help them access and use to improve efficiency in learning.
KEYWORD: Students, Awareness, Utilization, Google Applications, Tertiary Institution.
PROVISION AND UTILIZATION OF EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES FOR REVITALIZING GUIDANCE AND COUNSELLING PROGRAMMES FOR SUSTAINABLE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN DELTA STATE
*F.B. OVRI; **IWENDI-ELEGE, DOMINICA NKEM; & ***NWAZOR, ZENOYI CHRISTOPHER
*Department Of Educational Psychology. **Department Of Educational Psychology ***Department Of Educational Psychology School Of Education Federal College Of Education (Technical) Asaba, Delta State
This study aimed at investigating the provision and utilization of educational resources for revitalizing guidance and counselling programmes for sustainable economic development in secondary schools in Delta State. Two research questions were raised and answered in the study. The study employed the descriptive survey research design. The population for the study comprised 471 counsellors from 471 secondary schools in Delta State, Nigeria. Sample size for the study was 236 counsellors (50%) selected using the stratified random sampling technique. A 24-item questionnaire developed by the researcher and titled “Provision and Utilization of Educational Resources for Revitalizing Guidance and Counselling Programmes for Sustainable Economic Development Questionnaire (PUERRGCPSEDQ)” served as instrument for data collection. Both the validity and reliability of the research instrument were established. Data were analyzed using mean and standard deviation statistics. Among the findings of the study indicated that a good number of the educational resources were not provided and utilized by the counsellors for revitalizing guidance and counselling programmes for sustainable economic development in secondary schools in Delta State. From the findings, it was recommended among others, that, the Delta State Government, Post Primary Education Board (PPEB) with the contributions of the non-governmental organizations like the private individuals, foreign and voluntary organization should encourage the provision and utilization of various educational resources for revitalizing guidance and counselling programmes for sustainable economic development in the secondary schools through adequate budgetary allocations and financial support.
KEYWORDS: Utilization, Educational Resources, Guidance, Counselling, Programmes, Sustainable, Economic, Development
BEYOND GENDER FAIRNESS IN CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION IN THE NIGERIA SYSTEM OF EDUCATION: THE IMPERATIVES OF GENDER RESPONSIVENESS TO A BALANCE CURRICULUM FOR ACHIEVING FUNCTIONAL LITERACY
*BINTA LAWAN BAGIWA; **ABDULLAHI ADAMU BABANGIDA
*Education Foundations Department FCT College of Education, Zuba-Abuja **Education Psychology Department FCT College of Education, Zuba-Abuja
This paper is focused on highlighting Gender Responsiveness to a Balanced Curriculum of Study for Functional Literacy to be Achieved. Tailoring this perspectives, the conceptual framework of gender is highlighted alongside with its ensured characteristics, roles and behavioural pattern. Similarly, conceptual framework of curriculum, balanced curriculum, curriculum provisions and implementation is focused on too. Moreso, the paper streamlined information in establishing the relevance of gender responsiveness to balanced curriculum of study in such a way as moulding the personality of individuals towards enriching their learning domains with ideas, knowledge, skills and experience in such a way that they can be useful to themselves, society and nation. That is by way of discharging their sociological and societal responsibilities streamlining a given socialization practice and functions. In a similar gesture, the paper portrayed information on how balanced curriculum fends for the learning needs of individual in order to build their competencies (cognitive, affective and psychomotor domains) tailored to promoting and enhancing potentials for creativity and productivity as stimulus for achieving sustainable development task, visionary and missionary statements such as Millennium Declarative, vision 2020 among many others. Furthering this course of development the paper focused on tailored information that streamline gender’s training for leadership gestures and functions. Through the development of pro-social altruistic attitude, acquiring principles of moral virtues and ethics (honesty, justice, fairness, generosity etc) which are viral in building a decent society and nation such that promotes human dignity and humanity in the global context.
KEYWORDS: Gender Responsiveness, Balanced Curriculum Provisions and Implementation, Functional Literacy, Socializational Practices and Functions, Cognitive, Affective and Psychomotor Competence and Literacy .
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CHILD ABUSE AND SCHOOL ADJUSTMENT OF PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN: FOCUS ON JALINGO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF TARABA STATE
*RUQAYYAT, SAMBO MUHAMMED; **MOHAMMED, TUKUR
*Department of Primary Education Studies, College of Education, P.M.B 1021 Zing, Taraba State. **Department of Curriculum Studies, College of Education, P.M.B 1021 Zing, Taraba State
The issues surrounding child abuse and neglect have become concern to all and sundry in education sector. Parents and psychologists are particularly worried about the spiral effects of child abuse on children’s educational pursuit. In order to ascertain the extent at which child abuse impact on education of its victims. This study therefore examined the relationship between child abuse and school adjustment of primary school children in Jalingo local government area of Taraba State. Two (2) research questions and two (2) research hypotheses guided the study. Two hundred and ninety-eight (298) teachers constituted sample size for the study while self-developed questionnaire was used for data collection. The data collected were analyzed using mean and standard deviation for the answering research questions while Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC) was used for analyzing the research hypotheses with the aid of (SPSS). The findings revealed significant relationship between child abuse and social skill development; as well as significant relationship between child abuse and cognitive skill development of primary school children. It was therefore concluded that there is strong and significant relationship between child abuse and school adjustment of primary school children in Jalingo local government area of Taraba State. Based on the findings, among others it was recommended that parents should treat their children the same way they want to be treated in order to promote child’s dignity, and that concerted efforts should be geared towards combating child abuse by community members in Jalingo in particular and Taraba State in at large.
KEYWORDS: Child abuse, maltreatment, neglect, social development, cognitive development, primary school children.
PREVALENCE OF TINEA (RINGWORM) AMONG PRIVATE AND PUBLIC NURSERY AND PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS IN OYO WEST LGA OF OYO STATE
*ALADE AYODELE OLASOJI; **WAHAB ASIATA OMOYIOLA
* & **Department of Biology, School of Secondary Education (Science Programme), Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo.
Tinea capitis (ringworm) medically known as dermatophytosis is caused by dermatophytes which are a unique group of highly specialized fungi that use keratin to grow and therefore infect keratinous tissues of lower animals and humans. This infection is a common skin disorder that occurs across age and sex groups with high frequency occurring in pre-pubertal, nursery and primary school children aged between 6 and 13 years. This study was aimed at determining and comparing the prevalence of Tinea capitis among Private and Public Nursery and Primary School Pupils in the Oyo Metropolis. A descriptive, cross-sectional research involving 200 pupils from a randomly selected 5 private and 5 public nursery and primary schools in Oyo West Local Government Area, Oyo State, Nigeria. This is a cross-sectional study carried out among 200 school going children during the period between April and August 2019. Interview and direct body examination for dermatophytosis infection were conducted on the consented pupils. In a total of one hundred and twenty (120) children infected 50 (41.63%) were from private schools while 70 (58.33%) from public school. The overall prevalence rates of Tinea capitis infection was 60%). In the two categories of schools, the prevalence of infection was higher in male 72(60%) than in female 48(40%). This research work recorded a 58.33% prevalence rate of Tinea capitis infection among public schools understudied. This study scientifically substantiates the undocumented assertion that public schools have a high prevalence rate of infectious diseases than privates schools. The high prevalence rate was identified to be as a result of regular exposure to various predisposing factors to Tinea capitis infection. Health promotion and health education interventions should be enhanced to promote good hygiene, better living conditions, early identification, and treatment of infection.
KEYWORDS: Tinea capitis, Prevalence, Children, Dermatophytes, School, Dermatophytosi
SERVICE DELIVERY AND ADMINISTRATIVE FUNCTIONS IN NIGERIANS POLYTECHNICS
*ANASIN SALISU MUHAMMAD; **MUSA BABA ABUBAKAR; **ADAM MUHAMMAD EL-HAMEES; **ADAMU SALEH; & *SALISU YAKUBU IDRIS
*Registry Dept. Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi. **Dept. General Studies, School Of General Studies. Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi.
The paper is a synthesis of some concepts and issues in Service delivery and Administrative functions. It approached the discourse in a concise and lucid manner which was anchored essentially on secondary data and analytical framework. This paper interrogated some of the constraints in Nigerian’s Polytechnics towards Service delivery and role of Servicom within the environment in which public administration operates and highlighted the administrative and service delivery.
Keywords: Service delivery, administrative, functions, institutions and Servicom.
JOB CONTENT AND JOB SATISFACTION AMONG TEACHERS IN PUBLIC SCHOOLS IN MAIDUGURI METROPOLIS, NIGERIA
* KYARI ZANNA SUNOMA ** ABUBAKAR MOHAMMED ALI **ALI MODU ALAU
*Department of Business Administration, **Department of Public Administration, ***Department of Social Administration, College of Business and Management Studies Konduga, Nigeria.
The main objective of the paper was to examine the Effect of Job Content on Job Satisfaction among Teachers who left from Private to Public Schools in Maiduguri Metropolis. Job satisfaction is an important concept in organizational setting as it determines how contented or otherwise employees are with their jobs. It is evident that some employers go to extensive lengths in trying to maximize their employee job satisfaction, while others do so in a low-key manner. It has always been challenging for employees to determine the most appropriate mix in enhancing their job satisfaction. The sample size of the study is 30 respondents as arrived at using snow ball sampling. Data were collected using structured questionnaires administered to the respondents. The study used both descriptive and inferential statistics. Chi squire was used to analyze the data collected. Findings of this study revealed that job content is significantly associated with employee job satisfaction among teachers who quit their jobs from private to public schools. Therefore, the study recommended that: employers should from time to time conduct opinion surveys to find out what satisfies employees and make every facet of a the job count.
KEYWORDS: Job Content, Job Satisfaction, Teachers, Public and Private School.
REFOCUSING EDUCATION FOR PEACE AND NATIONAL SECURITY
ABDULWASI A. SALIHU
Department of Secondary School Education Languages College of Education, Maru.
This paper analyzes education for peace and national security and search the issue of education against violence. Education for peace gears towards avoiding feud in advance and educating individuals and the society for peaceful coexistence on a platform of non-violence, equality, and respect for each other, tolerance and social justice. When individuals are enlightened on the significance of solving feuds in a peaceful way, not resorting to violence with its side effects on the economics, education, social and politics the nation will then experience peace and national security. The diversity among the multicultural and ethnic groups in Nigeria frequently start into bloody and violent conflicts that have serious consequences on schools, communities and nation at large. This paper analyses different models and theories for education against feud. The significance of video as a strong tool for modeling individuals in peace education and non-violent conflict resolution skills was accepted. One of the suggestions is that peace education models/programs like conflict resolution education, ethnic and cultural differences studies, the environment and health, economic and social justice, human right, peace pedagogy be embedded into the education curriculum in Nigerian schools. Also recommends that violence should be addressed from different angles in classes on all the school subjects.
KEYWORDS: Education, peace, National security (violence, ethnic groups and conflict).
PRE-SERVICE TEACHER PERCEPTION OF MOBILE BLOGS IN EDUCATION
Dr. ISIYAKU ABDULRAHEEM
Department of Primary Education Studies Kaduna State College of Education Gidan-Waya Kafancha
The use of mobile blogs in teaching and learning in Nigeria is still at its infancy and a review in the pre-service teacher learning process has become pertinent due to numerous benefits that blogs proffer. One hundred questionnaires were distributed exploring perceptions of pre-service teachers. Descriptive analysis was carried out in the analysis of data using thee Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) software. Majority of pre-service teachers were aware of blogs though they still had insufficient information of its use in learning, also pre-service teachers were more interested in the benefits of creative thinking, dissemination of information and ability to view pictures and videos of concepts as well as discussion with classmates. However privacy issues, solitary led insufficient information still limited the adoption of blogs in learning in Nigeria. There is need for to create an enabling environment for intellectual exchange by aligning the College of Education to promote creative thinking, collaborative learning and visualization of concepts in learning
KEYWORDS: Mobile Blogs, Learning, Nigeria & Pre-service Teachers
PRINCIPALS MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES FOR ALLEVIATION OF TEACHERS BURNOUT SYNDROME IN ANAMBRA STATE SECONDARY SCHOOLS
MANAFA IFEYINWA F. (Ph.D)
Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Igbariam Campus. Anambra State
This study examined the principals management techniques for alleviating teacher burnout syndrome in Anambra state secondary schools.. To guide the study, two research questions and two hypotheses were formulated. Descriptive research design was used for the study. The population of the study consisedt of 262 principals in Anambra state. All the principals were used because of their size. Self structured questionnaire containing 16 items and based on four point scale rating was used as instrument for data collection in the study. For reliability of the instrument, the questionnaire was collected, organized and analyzed using Cronbach alpha and was found to be 0.82. Four research assistants aided the researcher in administering and collecting the instruments. The study adopted mean and t-test as instruments for data analysis. Mean was used to answer the research questions while t-test was used to test the null hypotheses. Findings revealed among others that management techniques like encouraging team-work, attending seminars and workshops on burnout management, communicating appropriately with teachers and sharing school purposes, establishing mission and vision to teachers help in controlling and alleviating teacher burnout. Based on these findings, it was recommended that school principals should apply these management techniques for managing teacher burnout, in order to reduce the level of teacher burnout for improvement of their performance and effectiveness.
Keywords: Burnout, Syndrome, Techniques, Management, Principal.
GUIDE IN STATISTICS FOR TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS RESEARCH
NA’IYA K. H1; AMINU Z. G1; RABIU S. R2; NALADO T. K3; & ABUBAKAR B. T4
1Department of Geography, Federal College of Education Katsina 2Department of computer science, Federal College of Education Katsina 3 Director ICT & Vocational Services, Katsina State Ministry of Education 4Asst. Zonal Coordinator & Head of Operations, zone 2, katsina. National Board for Arabic and Islamic Studies.
Statistics is extensively used in every discipline for meaningful conclusions from the data. This work discusses the importance of learning statistics to students and other researchers in tertiary institutions. The work tries to give the teachers and students a broader picture as to how different types of descriptive or inferential statistical processes can be used to address different types of research questions in tertiary institutions. Statistical skills and other methods for analyzing data were use with simple examples to arrive at the solutions required test. Statistics methods do vary and they depend on the immediate requirement amongst the researchers and type of research questions generated and answers expected. This work contains all the material that would be taught in any statistics course meant for research undertaking. Methods and statistical tools for comparism, t-test, correlational two sample test, chi square, and ANOVA. Sources and methods of data collection process were discussed. By the end of the work, teachers/students will have the understanding needed to succeed in statistics, and if one is studying independently then by the end of this work, one will have a well-rounded coherent, understanding of statistics and probability in statistical course. The paper starts with the absolute basics so that, anyone at any level can comprehend the work with basics like; mean, mode medium, sampling methods, averages and standard deviation and then we will get into probability theory including, conditional probability, leading to conclusion of a given sample data.
Keyword: Statistics, descriptive and inferential statistics, t-test, methods and chi-square
TONALITY AND PRAGMATICS OF QUESTIONS IN NIGERIAN ENGLISH SPEAKING HOMES IN SELECTED NOLLYWOOD FILMS
AGBOOLA ELIZABETH ABIADE; & ADEDEJI ISIAKA ADETOKUNBO (Ph.D)
Department of English, Emmauel Alayande College of Education, Oyo
The relationship between prosody and pragmatics is relatively clear for experts of a language, although often difficult to explain in practical terms. In the last few decades, researchers have emphasized the dialogical status of intonation and the need to take into account interactive dimensions of meaning. However, scanty attention has been paid to the pragmatic use of intonation in Nigerian English speaking homes. Therefore, this research investigated how interlocutors in the Nigerian English speaking homes use intonation of questions to trigger a pragmatic inference. This study adopted Mey’s Pragmatic Acts theory for the analysis of the data collected. Three Nigerian home movies were randomly selected from two cultural areas where major movies are produced in Nigeria. One out of the movies exhibits the Igbo culture and the other two movies exhibit the Yoruba culture. The movies were: Gloria Bamiloye’s “My Mother in-law part 2”, Nonzo Uzozie’s “The Billioniare’s Daughter and the Poor Village Boy” and Mike Bamiloye’s “House on Fire”. Relevant data were extracted and transcribed from 7 hours 35 minutes streams of conversations. The study discovers that intonation contrasts play a critical role in conveying pragmatic meanings. Nigerians use intonation in ways different from the native speakers to convey meanings in relation to cultural context or situations. The commonly or highly used types of questions for pragmatic import in Nigerian English speaking homes are Wh-questions and yes/no questions. Tag questions are rarely or inappropriately used. Fall and rise tunes are used often in Nigerian English speaking homes compared to what obtains in Standard English where four tunes are used. The Pragmatic import of intonation of questions in Nigerian English speaking homes may mean a request, anger, a warning, a command, a surprise, an abuse, an insult, or a call to order. Intonation of questions in Nigerian English speaking homes has been examined in the discourse of the Nollywood films. The prosodic information realised vary across speakers and contexts. Therefore, the interlocutors need to be familiar with the socio-cultural contexts of their environment to achieve mutual understanding, social cohesion and to avoid misrepresentation of intentions.
Keywords: Tonality, prosody, Pragmatics of questions, pragmatic act.