CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY EDUCATION RESEARCH (CJCER)
VOL. 20 NO. 8 – MARCH, 2021 EDITION
Cambridge Research and Publications International,
Africa (Nigeria): Centre for African Humanity and Development Circle
(CAHDC), University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu State, Nigeria
Copyright © 2021 Cambridge Research and Publications International.
NEEDED CHANGE IN THE MANAGEMENT OF SECONDARY SCHOOLS BEYOND COVID-19 IN NIGERIA
USMAN MOHAMMED; & HASSANA MUHAMMAD LAWAL
Department of Educational Foundations and Curriculum, Faculty of Education, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria.
This paper titled, Needed Change in the Management of Secondary Schools beyond Covid-19 in Nigeria looked at the impact of COVID-19 globally and narrow it to Nigeria situation. Specifically, attempt was made to review the impact of COVID-19 on the closure of secondary schools in Nigeria. The objectives of secondary schools as stated in the national policy on education (2013) were highlighted in order to have a deeper reflection on whether those objectives could be achieved based on the impact of this pandemic. The paper critically looked at the resonating impact of covid-19 on the management of secondary schools beyond school resumption; Inequalities, Inadequate ICT Facilities, Discontinuity in Learning, Inequity in Access to ICT-Based Learning, Depressing Education Demand and Supply and Increase in Dropout Risk were identified as areas where the pandemic has impacted on the management of secondary schools in Nigeria. Moving forward therefore, Educating Citizens in an Interconnected World, redefining the role of the educator, adopting Learning Recovery, teaching life skills needed for the future, change in Perceptions of Education Stakeholders and unlocking technology to deliver education among others were further identified as the needed change in the Management of Secondary Schools beyond COVID-19 in Nigeria. It was concluded that the impact of the pandemic has caused physical, psychological, emotional and mental trauma to all and sundry, to succeed therefore, the articulated needed change in the management of secondary schools as contained in this paper will do the magic if taken seriously. It was recommended that there should increase in education budget at all level of government to provide for all the needed resource and facilities for e-learning and ICT support services, there should be aggressive campaign on learning recovery strategies and intensive capacity building programme for school administrators and teachers on the use of technologies in teaching and learning beyond the pandemic in order to survive going forward.
Keywords: Needed Change, Management, Secondary Schools Covid-19 and ICT Facilities
POLITICS AND PRINCIPALS’ ADMINISTRATION IN PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN NASARAWA STATE, NIGERIA FOR BETTER PRACTICES AND GOAL ACHIEVEMENT
*PROF. ABDULGANIYYI OLAJIDE FAGBEMI; ** YAKUBU, SANI Ph.D; & **KEHINDE ADEWALE AYOTUNDE
*Department of Educational Management Faculty of Education Bayero University, Kano **Department of Educational Management Faculty of Education Nasarawa State University, Keffi
The study examined Politics and Principals’ Administration in Public Secondary Schools in Nasarawa State, Nigeria for better practices and goal achievement. Two (2) research questions with corresponding objectives and two (2) null hypotheses were generated to guide the study. The study was guided by descriptive survey research. The population comprised 6529 principals and teachers. The sample for the study was 653 principals and teachers using simple random sampling technique. Self designed structured questionnaire was used for data collection. Descriptive Statistics of Mean and Standard Deviation was used to answer the research questions. The null hypotheses were tested using chi-square at 0.05 level of significance. One of the findings among others revealed thatpolitics has a significance influence on the provision of adequate funds in Public Secondary School in Nasarawa State, Nigeria and it was recommended among others that efforts should be made by school principals in conjunction with the Stakeholders such as traditional and community leaders to ensure that politicians within the localities where secondary schools are sited are lobbied and so that they can positively influence decisions of the state government with regards to school funding.
Keywords: Politics, Principal, Administration, Fund and Infrastructural Facilities.
THE TEACHINGS OF AFRICAN TRADITIONAL RELIGION IN NIGERIA SECONDARY SCHOOLS
*WADAM Z.S; *ADAMU E.R; **SALOME.I; & **ZAKKA G.W.
*Department of Arts Education, Faculty of Education, University of Jos, Plateau State **Department of English and Literary Studies, Faculty of Arts and Education, Bauchi State University Gadau, Bauchi State
The paper examines the teaching of African traditional religion in Nigeria secondary schools curriculum because Christianity and Islam had been enshrined into the national curriculum. The research also intends to examine moral behaviours that could be acquired through the teaching of African traditional religion. Students should be able to have a clear understanding of their indigenous religion by identification of certain religious concepts, thus; norms and values that are relevant in Christianity and Islam or any other world religion. The teaching of African tradition religion would also increase students understanding of their culture generate experience and strengthened their community life, through the value skills and attitude as well as companies the modern and traditional ways of life.
Keywords: Teaching, African, Traditional, Nigeria, Secondary Schools.
MENACE OF SEXUAL VIOLENCE AND ABUSES AGAINST WOMEN AND THE GIRL-CHILD IN NIGERIA: THE ROLE OF COUNSELLING IN TRAUMA HEALING
NNADI, GRACE CHINYERE (Ph. D); UZOEKWE, HELEN E. (Ph. D); & OBI, JOY SYLVIA, C. (Ph. D)
Department of Guidance and Counselling Faculty of Education Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Anambra State
The menace of women and girl-child sexual violence and abuses which has always been a taboo in the past in Nigerian culture and society is becoming alarming these days. There is no single day gone bye in the newspapers, social media and television or radio broadcast without having incessant reported cases of women, teenage or the girl-child sexual abuse by strangers or even close family relatives and friends. Sometimes these abusers go the length of murdering their victims after raping them. In most cases, these abused victims go far as committing suicide or develop stereotype attitudes towards men., having had negative impressions towards men. Notwithstanding the environmental challenges facing the country as a result of the Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, yet, cases of sexual violence against women and the girl-child are still being reported. This situation calls for absolute redress for prevention of sexual violence and abuses against women and the girl-child in Nigeria. When these women, teenagers or girls who have been violated or abused are put through effective counselling programmes, this will aid in healing the psychological trauma and damages inflicted as a result the ugly experiences from the abuse. This paper is therefore, designated to discuss the menace of sexual violence and abuses against women and the girl-child in Nigeria: the role of counselling in trauma healing. The concepts of a woman, girl-child, sexual violence and abuses, counselling and trauma healing were described in the paper. Further discussed in the paper were the various forms sexual violence and abuses against women in Nigeria and the victims’ psychological trauma. Consequences of sexual violence and abuses against women and those of the girl-child were further disclosed in the paper, which finally led to discussions on the role of effective counselling programmes in trauma healing for sexually violated and abused women.
Keywords: Menace, Sexual violence, Abuses, Women, Girl-Child, Counselling, Trauma healing
THE EFFECT OF TESTING CONDITIONS ON THE STUDENTS’ PERFORMANCE OF DISATANCE LEARNING SYSTEM (DLS) IN JIGAWA STATE
MUHAMMAD GADDAFI SHU’AIBU
Department of Education, Sule Lamido University Kafin Hausa, Jigawa State, Nigeria
This research was carried out to investigate and ascertain the extent to which test administration affects performance of cycle three (3) NCE Distance Learning System (DLS) students in achievement test. Specifically, the study investigated whether type of sitting arrangement and ventilation affects performance of students in the examination. The population of the study was the cycle 3 NCE (DLS) students 2018/2019 session of study centres in Jigawa State comprising of 739 students. From the population, 248 students were sampled. The methodology use was ex-post-facto survey design and a checklist was used as an instrument for data collection where students were observed in order to ascertain the testing condition at the time of writing education examination. Moderated raw examination scores for the sampled students were collected and analyzed using T-test independent sample analysis tool. The findings of the study revealed that significant differences existed in performance of students by sitting arrangement and ventilation in the testing room. In view of the findings of the study, recommendations were made on ways of improving the quality and standard of test administration in the Distance Learning System. Students who wrote the examination with good sitting arrangement and in a ventilated examination site performed significantly higher than their counter parts who wrote in poor sitting arrangement and inadequate ventilation in the testing room.
Keywords: Testing Condition, Distance Learning, Sitting Arrangement, Ventilation, Students’ Performance.
EFFECT OF CONCEPT MAPPING TEACHING STRATEGY ON SECONDARY SCHOOL AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE STUDENTS ACHIEVEMENT IN JALINGO LGA, TARABA STATE, NIGERIA
*MELAIYE, O. RUFUS (PHD); **AZUAGA. C. I.; ***ALAM MOSES; & ****GALADIMA, ANTHONY ISHAKU
*Taraba State University, jalingo. **Vocational and Technology Education Department. ***College of Agriculture, Econs & Extension Dept. ****Post primary School Management Board Jalingo.
The aim of the study is to determine the effect of concept mapping teaching strategy on secondary school agricultural student’s achievement in Jalingo Local Government Area. This study employs the quasi-experimental pre-test and posttest design. The study was made up of the 21 public secondary schools within Jalingo Local Government area with the population of 13,391 students from which two schools where sampled, i.e. Government Day Secondary School Nukkai and Government Day Secondary School Salihu Dogo. To guide the study, two (2) research questions were raised and two (2) hypotheses stated and tested with 20 multiple objective questions. The control group was mapping lesson plan and instructional package. The reliability of the instrument was 0.72. The research questions was analyzed using mean and standard deviation while the null hypotheses was analyzed using the two sample t-test. Finding of the study shows that there is significant difference between the performances of student taught using concept mapping teaching strategy than those taught without concept map. There is also significant difference between the performance of male and female students, female students were found to perform better than male student taught with the use of concept mapping teaching strategy. The findings of this work revealed that concept mapping teaching strategy leads to high achievement of Agriculture students. Therefore, it was recommended that teacher’s should incorporate this strategy along with the conventional method of teaching in other to boost student performance. Furthermore,educational stakeholders should organize seminars for teachers in favour of the new teaching strategy.
KEYWORDS: Concept Mapping, Agricultural science, Student Achievement
COVID-19 LOCKDOWN REGULATIONS AS A HOAX OR DOOM FOR ONLINE ACTIVITIES IN NIGERIA UNIVERSITIES
DR ADU EMMANUEL IFEDAYO & DR ASUBIOJO RAPHAEL OJO
Educational Technology Department. Bamidele Olumilua University of Education, Science and Technology Ikere (BOUESTI), Nigeria.
This study investigated COVID-19 lockdown down regulations as a hoax or doom for online activities in Nigeria universities. This study findings showed that the COVID-19 lockdown regulations had negative impact for online instructional activities in Nigeria universities. The lecturers and students were expected to continue educational activities online without realising that the system was not updated for the challenges attached to internet use for instruction. Although, the COVID-19 lockdown regulations were good intentions meant to curtail the spread of the virus in Nigeria universities. Notwithstanding, this study revealed that the damage caused by the COVID-19 lockdown regulations must be rectified quickly to avoid further doom in quality university education in Nigeria. Based on these findings there were relevant recommendations suggested in this research.
Keywords: COVID-19, Internet, Nigeria, Universities, Hoax, Doom
EFFECT OF MODELING COUNSELLING TECHNIQUE ON DESTRUPTIVE BEHAVIOUR AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN BAUCHI METROPOLIS
*GARBA, H. K. (Ph.D.); & **YUSUF, J. (Ph.D.)
*Department of Educational Foundations, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria. **Guidance and Counselling Unit, Al-Hikmah University, Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria.
This study sought to find ways of reducing these disruptive problems. In doing this, three objectives were raised with corresponding number of research questions and hypotheses. The pre-test post-test quasi experimental design was employed with sixty samples drawn from three co-education senior secondary schools in Bauchi metropolis. The research instrument was a modification of Veiga (2008), DBSPS. Reliability coefficient two times were 0.712 and 0.832The research hypotheses were tested using paired sample t-test, independent t-test and analysis of variance at 0.05 alpha level of significance. One of the hypotheses was rejected while two were retained. Finding of the study revealed that modeling technique can effectively reduce students’ disruptive behaviour. Based on this finding, the study recommended that teachers, counselors and parents should employ modeling technique in the management of disruptive behaviour.
Keywords: Modeling technique, Destruptive behaviour,
COVID-19 AND NIGERIA’S EDUCATION: EMPIRICAL INVESTIGATION OF OSUN STATE- OWNED TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS
*IJIWOLE, A. ANTHONIA (PhD), **ODEBIYI, I. PAUL, *ADEBAYO, T. OYENIKE
*School of Vocational and technical Education, Department of General Studies in Education, Osun State Polytechnic, Iree, Nigeria **Directorate of General Studies, Languages and Humanities Unit, Osun State Polytechnic, Iree, Nigeria
This study examines the extent to which COVID-19 has an effect on Nigeria’s education. Specifically, the study examines the level of adoption of e-learning and the factors affecting the adoption of e-learning in Nigeria. The descriptive research design was adopted for the study, while the purposive sampling technique was employed to select thirty (30) students each from all five Osun State-owned tertiary institutions totaling one hundred and twenty (120) respondents as a sample size for the study. Data was sourced through a structured closed-ended questionnaire designed by the researchers. Data were analyzed with the aid of frequency, percentage mean, standard deviation, and factor analysis. The study establishes that level of e-learning adoption very low in Nigeria. It was also established that COVID-19 has a negative effect on education, while poor funding of education was identified as a major factor affecting e-learning in Nigeria. Subsequently, the study recommends that the Federal Government should endeavor to earmark 26% of the total budget for educational development as recommended in the United Nations Organisation and more modern learning aids such as computers, internet web sites facilities, overhead projectors, and firms should be provided in schools.
Keywords: COVID-19, Pandemic, E-learning, Education, Tertiary Institution
PROSPECTS AND LIMITATIONS OF E-LEARNING FOR ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS
WILCOX ELOHO PHINA
FCE (T) Bichi
The growing use of digital technologies in educational settings, paralleled by a paradigm change in educational theory from an instructivist transmission approach to constructivist and sociocultural theories of learning, demands more adapted teacher training programs, both technical and pedagogical. Looking at factors influencing teachers’ implementation of ICT in the foreign language classroom and guided by the results of a needs analysis survey conducted among twenty six language teachers from twenty five different European countries, the DOTS project aims to develop an online workspace with bite-sized learning objects for autonomous use by language professionals, particularly freelance teachers who frequently miss out on the training opportunities provided for their full-time colleagues.
Keywords: Limitations, E-Learning, English Language, Teaching, Secondary.
TEACHING FACILITIES, TEACHERS’ QUALITY AND STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN PHYSICS IN ILORIN METROPOLIS’ SECONDARY SCHOOLS, KWARA STATE
ANWO, ABDULMALIK OLAYINKA
Department of Physics, School of Secondary Education (Science), Federal College of Education (Technical), Bichi, Kano State
Scientific and technological development is crucial and essential to the sustenance and growth of any nation. To achieve reasonable scientific and technological development, the application of the knowledge of physics is required. Despite this crucial role of physics to national development, the academic performance of senior school students in the subject is poor, which poses a great danger to scientific and technological development of the nation. In order to improve the academic performance of the students in the subject, variables that may influence the academic performance of the students in the subject needs to be investigated. This study therefore investigated the influence of teaching facilities and teachers’ quality on academic performance of senior school students in Physics. The study adopted a survey approach and used proportionate random sampling technique to ensure fair representation. A sample of five schools which were randomly selected from each of the three local government areas that constituted the metropolis participated in the study. Questionnaires were distributed to Physics teachers and grade of Physics students who sat for May/June West African Senior School Certificate Examinations between 2017 and 2019 were collected in the selected schools using a proforma. Frequency count, mean and percentage were used to answer the research questions raised while t-test statistic was used to test the hypotheses formulated. The result showed that teaching facilities and teachers’ quality influences the academic performance of senior school Physics students. The study also showed Ilorin metropolis schools have high level of qualified teachers but inadequate teaching facilities. This study recommends, therefore, that government/school proprietors should provide more teaching facilities to improve its adequacy among others.
Keywords: Teachers’ Quality, Teaching Facilities, Academic Performance
ASSESSMENT ON THE STATUS OF STUDENTS’ POPULATION AND ITS IMPACT ON BASIC EDUCATION DELIVERY IN MISAU LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF BAUCHI STATE, NIGERIA.
*HASSAN MOHAMMED HAMMA ; **ABDULLAHI ALFA ILIYASU & *** MOHAMMED BELLO
*Department of Educational Foundations; **Department of Early Child Care and Education; ***Department of Economics. A.D. Rufa’i College of Education, Legal and General Studies Misau, Bauchi state.
The study is sought to assess the status of students’ population and its impact on Basic Education delivery in Misau Local Government area of Bauchi state, Nigeria. Two research questions and two hypotheses guided the study. Survey design was employed to conduct the study. The population of the study comprised 1069 respondents which involved Principals, Head Teachers and Classroom teachers. A sample of 214 was selected through stratified sampling technique. A self-developed questionnaire was used as an instrument for data collection. The reliability coefficient for pilot study was 0.70. The data was collected and analyzed by use of descriptive mean and standard deviation and t-test statistics at (0.05) level of significance. The major findings of the study indicated that the status of students’ population is high and has a negative impact on basic education delivery in Misau local Government Area. Based on these findings, it was recommended among other things that Government should provide adequate facilities, schools and classes and enough trained teachers to correspond with the students’ population to ensure effective basic education delivery.
Keywords: Assessment, Status, Students’ Population, Basic Education, Delivery
ASSESSMENT OF ECONOMIC RELEVANCE OF MORINGA OLEIFERA TO ITS FARMERS AND MARKETERS IN KATSINA STATE
AISHA DANJUMA MUHAMMAD1, MUHAMMAD BUHARI1, IBRAHIM ADAM TAHIR2
1Department of Business Education, Federal College of Education, Katsina 2Department of Biology, Federal College of Education, Katsina
This research assessed the economic relevance of Moringa oliefera to the farmers and marketers in Katsina state this was prompted due to inadequate information in terms of the quantity of leaves and seeds produced and the turnover of Moringa in the study area. The research is a survey where twenty-four(24) M.oliefera farmers and sixty-five(75) M.oliefera marketers respectively were randomly sampled within nine(9) local government areas selected from the thirty-four LGAs’. Survey and interview were methods employed for data collection from farmers and marketers in the selected local government Areas. It was found that majority of Moringa farmers and marketers in the study areas are aged and receive no assistance from the government. Just as there is difference between farmers prices and marketers prices of Moringa (t-cal 6.160 >t-tab 6.030 df 8 at 0.05 level of significance), so also is there a difference between the demand of Moring leaves and seeds in the state(t-cal 11.170 > t-tab 2.306 df 8 at 0.05 level of significance), implying that the business is not only gainful in the state but Moringa leaves are used for nutritional and medicinal purposes in the state. It was recommended that the state government should not only enlighten the youths on the need for Moringa farming and marketing but as well provide the needed assistance to Moringa farmers and marketers so as not to eliminate the production and marketing of the product in the near future in the state.
Keywords: Moringa oliefera, farms, markets,Katsina and survey.
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CHILD ABUSE AND SCHOOL ADJUSTMENT OF PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN: FOCUS ON JALINGO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF TARABA STATE
*RUQAYYAT, SAMBO MUHAMMED & **MOHAMMED, TUKUR
*Department of Primary Education Studies; **Department of Curriculum Studies. College of Education, Taraba State.
The issues surrounding child abuse and neglect have become concern to all and sundry in education sector. Parents and psychologists are particularly worried about the spiral effects of child abuse on children’s educational pursuit. In order to ascertain the extent at which child abuse impact on education of its victims. This study therefore examined the relationship between child abuse and school adjustment of primary school children in Jalingo local government area of Taraba State. Two (2) research questions and two (2) research hypotheses guided the study. Two hundred and ninety-eight (298) teachers constituted sample size for the study while self-developed questionnaire was used for data collection. The data collected were analyzed using mean and standard deviation for the answering research questions while Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC) was used for analyzing the research hypotheses with the aid of (SPSS). The findings revealed significant relationship between child abuse and social skill development; as well as significant relationship between child abuse and cognitive skill development of primary school children. It was therefore concluded that there is strong and significant relationship between child abuse and school adjustment of primary school children in Jalingo local government area of Taraba State. Based on the findings, among others it was recommended that parents should treat their children the same way they want to be treated in order to promote child’s dignity, and that concerted efforts should be geared towards combating child abuse by community members in Jalingo in particular and Taraba State in at large.
Keywords: Child abuse, maltreatment, neglect, social development, cognitive development, primary school children.
DYNAMICS AND APPLICABILITY OF GAME THEORETICAL MODEL APPROACH ON SMALL HOLDERS FARMERS DECISION-MAKING SUPPORTS FOR PROFIT MAXIMIZATION IN NIGER STATE, NIGERIA
*ADAMU BABA ABDULLAHI Ph.D; *MOHAMMED YABAGI & **ADAMU DAVID AHMED
*Department of Geography, Fct College of Education Zuba – Abuja **Department of Agricultural & Economics & Farm Management Federal University of Technology Minna
Agricultural production is susceptible to a number of factors that must work together for its success and profit maximization such as climate, agricultural decision making supports, crops and fields selections, credits usage and cooperative society incentives management, labour inputs, farm size, pests and diseases control systems, etc. This investigation apply game theoretical model approach on smallholder farmers decision making supports for crop production and profit maximizing among some selected farmers in Niger State, Nigeria. 360 farmers were selected from 17 LGA in 6 clusters of farm fields in Niger State i.e ABCDEF. Reconnaissance visits, pilot visits and convenient visits were made to the fields. Participatory rural appraisal techniques were also employed. Taro Yamanes formula were used for sample size selection. Data were collected through field observations, and memory recall methods. Data were analysis using point biseral correlation and quadratic program formulation. The results revealed that, the rpb – 19.713 and rpb – 0.0967 were obtained. The main findings revealed that, the cooperative recipients made profits of N42,706,000,000 than non-recipients which made N2,314,936,000. Recommendations were made for the way forward to improve small holders farmers productions through cooperative management.
Keywords: Dynamics and Applicability, Game Theoretical Model Approach, Small Holders Farmer Decision Making Support, Profit Maximization, Niger State, Nigeria
THE MAGIC OF PPP AGAINST LECTURE METHOD IN L2 CLASS: AN OVERVIEW OF ELT
General Studies Department, Federal Polytechnic, Bali, Taraba State
Teaching English Language as L2 in various institutions such as Colleges, Polytechnics and Universities in Nigeria seems to be problematic as a result of being sticky to lecture method which is proved to be teacher centred. Based on that ,This paper intends to highlight and profer solution to that issue due to it ineffectiveness on the side of the learners. For the purpose of clarity, the Lecture method is teacher centred rather than learners centered so to achieve the goal of teaching and learning English may not be possible hence it renderes students inactive in class. In lieu of this, Krashen (1982) argues that two conditions most be made for effective teaching and learning L2 in a classroom: 1.Adequate inputs need to be supplied so that teaching grammar will be unnecessary. 2. Free stress environment also need to be provided for a classroom rapport. However, lecture method does not provide a ground for the conditions to be made in learning and so intake become impeded. That’s to say learning does not take place . In respect to that some solutions such as using PPP and recommendations are made for a better teaching and learning English as L2 in a social setting. Therefore, the article hopes to benefit learners,practitioners , researchers and curriculum developers.
Keywords: PPP, Teaching Methodology, Language, Controlled Practice, Free Practice
INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY ICT: A PATHWAY FOR EFFECTIVE PERFORMANCE OF BIOLOGY STUDENTS
ADUBI AMOS OLADIMEJI
Department of Biology School of Science Oyo State College of Education, Lanlate, Oyo State, Nigeria.
Biology is a science subject studied living things. ICT encourages Biology teachers to be more creative, more influential and more mindful of the implicit and explicit impacts our words have on students, and to explore new ways to make our classrooms more diverse. Students should be given confidence to ask, inquire, explore and be creative and initiators. The focus of this paper is to confirm, if the biology students aware of ICT in their schools, if ICT are available in their school, if ICT can improve performance of Biology students and if there is any challenges of ICT in Nigeria. The design of the study was survey and the study area is Ogbomoso and its environs in Oyo State Nigeria. It was confirmed that 66.33% of the biology students have aware of computer at school while 66.67% were aware of computer at Home. The result of hypothesis also shows the post-test mean score of 60.67 for the experiment group and standard deviation of 15.72, which is greater than mean of control group 55.38 with standard deviation of 17.06. This shows that students exposed to ICT achieved higher mean score than those not exposed to it. 93 % of the students agreed that unexpected power failure problem was found to be the biggest challenge of usage ICT in the studied area. Therefore, the author recommended that Government should provide sufficient and constant electricity supply to all the communities in Nigeria including rural areas and remote places where schools are located and let these schools be connected to the electric supply. Also, all Biology teachers must engage in constant self-development in ICTs
Keywords: Biology, ICT, Teacher, Student, School, Home, Challenges
CHRISTIAN PERSPECTIVE ON LEADERSHIP AND THE CHALLENGES OF CORRUPTION TOWARDS SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA
*MRS. OKE, TOYIN M. & **DR. AKANO, EZEKIEL K.
*Curator, National Meseum Ogbomoso; **H.O.D. Crs Department Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo
The challenge of corruption in Nigeria has become endemic and all attempts to find lasting solutions by successive governments is proving abortive. The importance of leadership in organizations and communities cannot be over-emphasized. Leadership is about influencing others. However, leaders are supposed to note that God is the ultimate, while He employs them as human beings to be His regents, agents or representatives on earth. This study therefore examines, among others, leadership in the biblical perspective and in the contemporary time; biblical perspective of corruption and corruption in the present time; and causes and effects of corruption on sustainable development in Nigeria. Primary and secondary sources were adopted for data collection with materials from library and interviews as instrument. Analytical and interpretative methods constitute method of data analysis through interpretations of opinions by scholars. The study revealed that leaders, especially Christian leaders, should note that the power to be in a position belongs to God only, and that they, should lead by being models to other Christians and the society at large. The work, recommended among others that religious leaders should re-orientate their members towards, the source and essence of power and shun greed and acts of corruption as a way to follow the tenets of Christian religion as light and acts of the world to crudity rising wave .of corruption and to promote sustainable development
Keywords: Leadership, corruption challenges, Sustainable and Development
ASSESSMENT OF CONTENT VALIDITY AND QUALITY OF TEST ITEMS OF WEST AFRICA EXAMINATION COUNCIL (WAEC) PHYSICS FOR SENIOR SECONDARY CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION,
1MUSTAPHA AHMADU; & 2MOHAMMED YAKUBU AMUDA
1Department of Basic Science, Mohamet Lawan College of Agriculture, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria; Kashim Ibrahim College of Education, Maiduguri.
West African Examination Council (WAEC) provides placement and certification of senior secondary school students, the objectives of the study were to examine the content validity and quality of the physics examination conducted by this body from 2015 – 2019. Two research questions were answererd for the study. 250 objectives test items and 75 essay questions were analysed using standard multiple choice item and essay test construction guidelines developed by Haladyna (2011) and Satterly (1981) respectively. The study adopted purposive sampling techniques The results of the analysis showed that all the two types of test were found to have high content validity and high quality in test construction for the years under review, to maintain the standard and quality of test construction individuals involved in test writing must have adequate knowledge of the content of the subject matter on which the test is being developed.To ensure quality, examination agencies should review their examination syllabus periodically. The objectives of the review are to update the contents of the existing syllabus. New inputs are drawn from relevant stakeholders including subject specialists from secondary schools and tertiary institutions and experts from curriculum developers. In item writing attention should be given to preventing racial, ethnic, religion and gender bias.
Keywords: Assessment, Content, Validity, Quality, Test.
ACCOUNTING INFORMATION SYSTEM: WHAT IS THE LEVEL OF STUDENTS ACCOMPLISHMENT?
*MOHAMMAD, HAMISU, ADAMU; **AUWAL, ABUBAKAR & ***KULU, GAMBO
*Department of Vocational & Technical Education, Abubakar Tatari Ali Polytechnic, Bauchi. **Department of Business Education, Bauchi Institute for Arabic and Islamic Studies, Bauchi State. ***Department of Vocational & Technical Education, Abubakar Tatari Ali Polytechnic, Bauchi, Bauchi State.
This paper examined the level of student’s accomplishment of accounting information system in the preparation of financial statements of the business. The researchers used pre-test post-test control group. How does the information were effectively presented in final account and balance sheets? The study adopted quasi-experimental research design in which students were tested on the applications of accounting information system on the entities financial positions and performance from selected schools in Bauchi metropolis. The mean and standard deviation were used solely in answering the research question for the study. the null hypothesis was also established at the 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study revealed significant difference in the mean performance of students whom were taught preparation and presentations of accounting information on financial position and performance of entities.
Keywords: Accounting, Information, System, Students, Accomplishment.
SEXUAL VIOLENCE IN NIGERIAN TERTIARY EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS: CAUSES, CASES, RISK FACTORS, EFFECTIVE MANAGEMENT AND COPING STRATEGIES FOR THOSE TRAUMATIZED
*EZUGOH, THEODORAH CHINELO; **EGWU, JOYCE UCHE & ***OKAEKWU, GRACE OGECHUKWU
*Department of Educational Foundations Federal College of Education (Technical) Asaba, Delta State. **Chukwuemeka Odumegwu University, gbariam Campus, Anambra State. ***Department of Educational Pyschology, Federal College of Education (Technical) Asaba, Delta State.
Incidences of sexual violence in Nigerian tertiary education institutions is on a high rampage. Most of the female students who were sexually violated and raped by their fellow students and lecturers usually keep quiet at times because of the fear of stigmatization and the trauma in which they undergo. Scholarly literature and national reports have shown clear evidences of rape, molestation and sexual violence committed especially against female students within campuses of the Nigerian tertiary education institutions and in most cases leading to dropout from studying and death. The Nigerian tertiary institutions are well known as citadel of learning which train responsible and disciplined individuals for effective contributions towards national development, therefore, must neither condole any form of sexual violence, molestation nor harassment of any sort against any individual. However, there certain factors that poses a high risk, also responsible for sexual violence among students which needs to be addressed. Discussions in the paper therefore have been made to examine sexual violence in Nigerian tertiary education institutions looking at the causes, cases, risk factors, effective management and coping strategies for those traumatized. Some concepts were defined in the paper. Also discussed in the paper were the causes of sexual violence, cases reported and the risk factors from sexual violence. Effective management and coping strategies for those traumatized which could be used in order to curb and control sexual violence in the Nigerian tertiary institutions were further discussed to conclude the paper.
Keywords: Sexual Violence, Nigerian Tertiary Institutions, Causes, Cases, Risk Factor, Effective Management, Coping Strategies, Those Traumatized
LATENT TRAIT THEORY DEVELOPMENT OF UNIVERSITY UNDERGRADUATES’ SELF-COMPASSION SCALE
AJAYI, OYEDOKUN SAMUEL (Ph.D)
College of Education, Bamidele Olumilua University of Education, Science and Technology, Ikere-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria
The study developed a set of items that measure University undergraduates’ Self-compassion using Latent Trait Theory framework and it ascertained the construct validity of the developed scales. These were with the view of providing a reliable and suitable instrument to measure University Undergraduates’ Self-compassion. The study employed the descriptive survey design. The population was comprised of undergraduates in South-western Nigeria universities. The sample size was 2250 students selected through a multi stage sampling procedure. The research instrument was a self-developed University Undergraduates’ Self-Compassion Scale. Data were analysed using multidimensional item response theory, graded response model, factor analysis, Cronbach Alpha Coefficient and empirical reliability estimate approach. The results showed the LTT psychometric procedures of item retention and deletion reduced the 93 – item UUSCS to 21 items with five interpretable factors. The results also showed with the high convergent and discriminant validity, the five factor 21-item LTT developed UUSCS had high construct validity and reliability (r =0.89). The study indicated the Latent Trait Theory developed University Undergraduates’ Self-Compassion Scale is a reliable and suitable instrument for the measurement of university undergraduates’ self-compassion.
Keywords: Consistency of the LTT developed UUSCS, Construct validity of the developed UUSCS, Latent trait theory, Self-compassion, University undergraduates’ self-compassion scale
ASSESSMENT OF LISTENER’S PERSPECTIVE OF CAMPUS BASED COMMUNITY RADIO STATION PROGRAMMES: A CASE STUDY OF DIAMOND FM 101.1
EMOKHARE, PAUL-ANTHONY; & PROF. KOLADE AJILORE
Department of Mass Communication, Babcock University, Ilishan-Remo, Ogun State, Nigeria
With the inception of campus based community radio stations in Nigeria in 2004, Diamond FM 101.1 of the University of Ibadan was established in 2008. The station is the third campus based community radio station in Nigeria, after Unilag and Unizik. The station since its establishment has aired programmes as stipulated by the Nigerian Broadcasting Corporation [NBC]. These programmes are in the categories of news, and current affairs, entertainment, educational and instructional programmes and events and activities happening within and outside the campus. In order to ensure strict adherence to transmission of stipulated programmes for campus based community radio stations, the NBC carries out random monitoring activities over the air waves. This exercise thus keeps stations in check not to air programmes not classified for such stations. Since the inception of the station routine random monitoring of the station has been carried out by NBC, but there has been no known empirical investigation of listener’s views and opinions of the station’s programmes. Based on this premise, this paper presents listener’s perspectives in relation to satisfaction of Diamond FM 101.1 programmes, based on age, gender and community membership status. The investigation was survey in nature involving 50 respondents ages 16 and above, of both genders and who are students or workers within or outside the environs of the station. SPSS package was used to carry out descriptive analysis of data collected, using frequencies and percentages.
Keywords: campus based community radio stations, programmes, listener’s perspectives, programme satisfaction, Diamond FM
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