CONTEMPORARY RESEARCH AND INTELLECTUAL IN UNVEILING SUB-SAHARA AFRICAN POTENTIALS IN THE NEW MILLENNIUM
JULY 30, 2015
F.U.T.A., HILLTOP CONFERENCE HALL, AKURE,
- PROCEEDINGS (Vol. 3 No.5)
MORALITY AS A CATALYST FOR FUNCTIONAL SOCIETY: UNVEILING AFRICAN POTENTIALS IN THE NEW MILLENNIUM.
VICTOR OGHENEOCHUKO JEKO,
Department of Philosophy, Faculty of Arts, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka
The problematic of African potentials in this new millennium is that the logic of African morality has been abused by Africans themselves. As Walter Rodney has already observed in his book How Europe Underdeveloped Africa, he posits that Africa’s problems are based on the inability to harness her natural and human resources. This is as a result of maladministration and socio-political and economic woes. The logic of African morality is built on principles of reciprocity, cohabitation, solidarity, love, sense of belongingness, empathy, brotherhood and collective human existence. The problem of African morality is the major constraints of African development and the full realization of African potentials in this new millennium. African morality is the basis and the search for the radical transformation of African society and functional society. The objective of this paper is to analyze the role of African morality in a functional society. Any society without any moral fibre is at the brink of total collapse. A functional society is that society that is governed by practical moral end. African morality becomes the only solid bedrock for African development and the search for functional society. Morality has become the only viable alternative for African development. Morality is the turner for functional society. Morality and law are the only bases of African social order. Ethics and morality are fundamental elements for unveiling African potentials in the new millennium.
ANTIFUNGAL PROPERTY OF HONEY ON SOME DERMATOPHYTES
*OGBEBA, J., *IRUOLAJE, F. O. & **DOGO, B. A.
*Department of Science Laboratory Technology, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, Bauchi state, Nigeria. **National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC). Federal Secretariat Complex, Oke-Mosan, Abeokuta, Ogun state.
The antifungal activity of three honey samples from three different locations (yelwa; Y, bayangari; B and wunti; W) within Bauchi metropolis against some dermatophytes (Epidermophyton floccossum, Microsporium gypseum and Microsporium canis) were carried out using agar well method. The result shows that honey B had zones of inhibition ranging between 2mm-15mm while honey Y had 1mm-10mm and W, 0mm–2mm against the test organisms. The antifungal activity of honey at different concentrations varied against the dermatophytes. At an undiluted concentration, there was high inhibition on the growth of Microsporium gypseum by honey B (15mm) and Y (10mm). Honey W, had no zone of inhibition against the organisms at the various concentrations except against Microsporium canis with 2mm inhibition zone at an undiluted concentration. Undiluted honey B and Y also showed high zones of inhibition (15mm, 10mm) to Microsporium gypseum with the lowest zones of inhibition (2mm, 2mm) to Epidermophyton floccossumoccurring at 60%v/v concentration respectively. There was no zone of inhibition against the dermatophytes at 40%v/v honey concentration for all the honey samples. The qualitative phytochemical constituents of the honey samples indicated the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, glycosides, saponins, anthraquinones, steroids, terpenoids, phenol/ tannins at varying degrees. Spectrophotometric methods were used to measure flavonoid and phenolic contents. The quantitative total flavonoid content for honey samples B, Y and W were 3.445mg/g, 8.457mg/g, 8.601mg/g and total phenolic content were 18.19mg/g, 18.05mg/g, 19.24mg/g respectively. Flavonoids and phenolic acids are natural antioxidants and are becoming increasingly popular because of their potential role in contributing to human health. An overview of the antifungal activity of honey has shown that honey have potential for healing purpose as an antifungal agent.
EVIDENCE OF ROAD TRAFFIC OVERCROWDING EFFECT ON RENTAL VALUES OF ADJOINING COMMERCIAL PROPERTIES: BAUCHI METROPOLIS IN VIEW
ALIYU AHMAD ALIYU1, SANI IBRAHIM ABUBAKAR1 AND HARUNA ADAMU1
1Department of Estate Management and Valuation, Faculty of Environmental Technology, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi, P.M.B. 0248, Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria
The work investigates the causes, effect, the impact traffic congestion has on commercial property rental values in Bauchi metropolis and it also proffers or brings solutions or remedies to the problem of traffic congestion which is increasing by the day due to the rate of increase in population. The aim of the study is to examine the impact of traffic congestion on commercial property rental value with a view to understanding whether traffic congestion has effect on property value. Primary data were collected and analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Scientist (SPSS) and Microsoft Excel method. The result obtained from the analysis shows that traffic congestion has a significant impact on rental values of commercial properties. It was then recommended that government should ban hawking on parking spaces in commercial property location, create separate routes for heavy vehicles, road expansions was also suggested to curb the problem of traffic congestion and also introduction of advanced automated traffic lights and creation of flyovers were suggested to the government as a way of tackling the issue of traffic congestion.
EFFECTS OF FARMERS MULTIPURPOSE CO-OPERATIVE SOCIETIES ON RURAL FARMERS IN IMO STATE, (A STUDY OF OWERRI NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, IMO STATE, NIGERIA.)
IHENACHO R.A, (1) E.C. ANUMIHE(1), C.O. OSUAGWU (1), J.O. OPARAOJIAKU (1), K.U. AHUMIBE (2), H.N. OKORO (3) , ONYIRIMA C.V. (1) AND J.P.N IHEZUE(3)
- Department of Agricultural Extension and Management Technology, Imo State Polytechnic Umuagwo Ohaji Imo State.
- Department of Public Administration Imo State Polytechnic Umuagwo Ohaji, Imo State.
- Department of Horticulture and Landscape Technology, Imo State Polytechnic Umuagwo Ohaji, Imo State.
- Department of Crop Science Tech, Imo Poly Umuagwo
This study analyzed the effect of farmers’ multi-purpose cooperative societies on rural farmers with particular reference to Owerri North Local Government Area of Imo State, Nigeria. The purpose of the study was to ascertain how farmers’ multi-purpose cooperative societies in the area have helped the farmers before and after membership of cooperatives; one hundred and twenty respondents used for the study were selected by simple random sampling technique. Data were analyzed by mean score, percentage, frequency counts, chi-square and the likert scale type measurement. The null hypothesis designed for the study states that the states of farmers do not differ before and after membership of the cooperative societies. The result reveals that the mean age of 48years was recorded, while 70% of the respondents had one level of formal education or the other. Farming was identified by 50% as their primary occupation. It also reveals that members (farmers) benefited from FMCS in the area mostly on saving scheme 3.74, labour 3.44, marketing of produce 3.17 respectively. The study recommended among others that planning, monitoring and evaluation unit should be intensified and attached to the divisional cooperative society, cooperative education, regular and timely supply of essential inputs and services among others.
EMPIRICAL INVESTIGATION OF THE IMPACT OF LAPTOP USAGE IN TERTIARY INSTITUTION
*UMUKORO, A. A. **ODIOR, A. K ***ELUGWU, FELIX
*Computer Science Dept, Delta State Polytechnic, Otefe-Oghara**Statistics Dept, Delta State Polytechnic, Otefe-Oghara***Computer Science Dept, Delta State Polytechnic, Otefe-Oghara
In this paper, we investigated the impact of laptop usage on learning in higher education. The study utilized the secondary data captive though the use of a designed questionnaire. The Chi-squared statistical method was employed to test for Independence of the two variables of classifications. The results of the analysis revealed that there is a strong positive relationship between laptop usage and learning in higher education. Thus an indicative of the fact that students who use laptops for academic purpose achieve high learning rate
FOOD AND NUTRITIONAL SECURITY IN INDIA: A DUMMY VARIABLE REGRESSION ANALYSIS OF REGIONAL VARIATION
Senior Lecturer, Dept. of Economics, Yobe State University, Damaturu, Nigeria,
This article made an attempt to explore the situation of food and nutritional security in India on the basis of regional variation. We have discussed and analyzed various determinants of food security such as calorie, protein and fat consumption per capita in India. Regional variations at all India level for calorie, protein, and fat consumption are regressed and analyzed. It is confirmed by the regression equation that the households belong to all regions– western, northern, eastern, southern and north-east consume less fat than the households belonging to the hill region because the dummy variable differential regression coefficients are negative. It may thus be concluded that the households belonging to the eastern, northern, southern, and north-east regions have a lower demand for fat than the households located in the hill region. If we look at dietary and nutritional facts of life we find out that all these elements are rarely met in an underdeveloped economy like India. Widespread poverty inequality- social and economic- of income wealth and economic power is prevalent in India society at large.
GOOD GOVERNANCE AND CORRUPTION IN NIGERIA: AN EMPIRICAL INVESTIGATION
1AYO-OYEBIYI, G.T, 2DUNSIN, A.T, 3ORIOWO, A. O
1Department of Banking and Finance, Osun State Polytechnic, Iree, Nigeria 2-3Department of Acountancy, Osun State Polytechnic, Iree, Nigeria
This study examines the relationship between good governance and corruption and also to identify factors influencing corruption in Nigeria. Judgemental sampling technique was used to select ten (10) lawyers, ten (10) politicians, ten (10) accountants, ten (10) lecturers from University of Ibadan and ten (10) civil servants from Oyo State Secretariat Ibadan, totalling fifty (50) respondents as sample size for the study. Structure questionnaire designed by researchers was used to source data from respondents. Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient was employed to establish the relationship between good governance and corruption, while weighted mean score was used to determine the factors influencing corruption in Nigeria. The study concluded that good governance has inverse relationship with corruption. It is was also confirmed that that lack of rule of law, weak judicial system, weak law enforcement, lack of continuity on the part of investigating agencies and delay at court were the major factors that influence corruption in Nigeria. Based on the findings, it was therefore recommended that judiciary system should be reformed to the international standard and the various law enforcement agencies should be funded and properly motivated to ensure optimal performance.
ENGLISH LANGUAGE EDUCATION AND NATIONAL SECURITY IN UNVEILING SUB-SAHARA AFRICAN POTENTIALS IN THE NEW MILLENNIUM: NIGERIA IN FOCUS
AISHA ABDULLAHI SHEHU (MRS.)
Primary Education Department, College of Education Minna Niger State
Increasing globalization has created a large need for people in the workforce who can communicate in multiple languages. The uses of common language are in areas such as trade, tourism, international relations, technology, media and science. Language as we all know is a means of communication. Communication is a fundamental phenomenon in any society, language is the most valuable generic inheritance of mankind. Language is the key to the heart of a people, to appreciate a people we have to go via their language which is also an important part of culture. It is on this note that, the researcher will unveil some intellectual potentials on how language education aid National development, security challenges, educational upliftment etc. in sub-sahara African countries and Nigeria in particular. It is a link language between diverse languages all around the world and realizing its vantage position in globalization, the researcher contend that Nigerian education may not thrive well if English language education is de-emphasized. Some recommendations were made on how to use language education in developing national security and security challenges in some sahara African countries and Nigeria in particular.
MORALITY AND SOCIAL ORDER: THE BEDROCK OF AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT
-VICTOR OGHENEOCHUKO JEKO
Department of Philosophy, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka
Africa today is facing plethora of challenges in this 21st century. These problems are social disorderliness, lack of moral values in contemporary African society. No society can develop its natural and human resources where there is no possibility of social order and morality. The possibility of social order and morality can be the desiderata for African development and the imperative for the improvement of our African humanity. This paper shall analyze the role of social order and morality in contemporary African society. Social order reflects the system of order in human cooperative venture. Morality serves as the basis for the social order. Morality and social order are inextricably linked and both concepts have a great did of role to play in African development and democratic system. No African society can store can strive in an atmosphere of social vices or violence. Violence breeds more violence; it is negative and counter productive; it is anti human and it disrupts the continuous project of humanity.
ETHANOL PRODUCTION FROM CORN COB HYDROLYSATE USING Saccharomyce cerevisiae ISOLATED FROM BURUKUTU
*1IRUOLAJE, F. O., 1OGBEBA, J. AND 2DOGO, B. A.
- Department of Science Laboratory Technology, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi,
Bauchi, Bauchi State Nigeria. 2. National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC).Federal Secretariat Complex, Oke-Mosan, Abeokuta Ogun state.
Ethanol was prepared from corn cobs hydrolysate using Saccharomyces cerevisiae isolated from burukutu a locally brewed alcoholic drink. A ten-fold serial dilution method was used to isolate the S cerevisiae from burukutu on potato dextose agar (PDA). Standard method were used to carry out test for acid/ gas ,sugar and nitrate assimilation test, combined with morphological and colonial characteristics to identify the isolated yeast as S cerevisiae. The yeast was then characterized for its attributes important for ethanol production and was found suitable. Dried corn cobs were ground to powder and 500g of powdered corn cob was hydrolyzed using dilute sulphuric acid at a high temperature (121oC) for 15 minutes to break the crystalline structure of lignocelluloses and facilitate the hydrolysis. The potent S cerevisiae isolated was inoculated into the corn cob hydrolysate and fermented to ethanol at 28oC for 4,5,6,7,8,9 and 10th Days. The ethanol was distilled and characterized and was comparable in quality to commercially prepared ethanol. About 130ml of ethanol was produced which was a good yield.
RELIGIOUS AESTHETICS IN AFRICAN NOVELS: A CASE STUDY OF ELECHI AMADI’S SELECTED NOVELS
UNOROH SOLOMON OGHENEOCHUKO
English Department, Michael Otedola College of Primary Education Noforija- Epe, Lagos State, Nigeria
It is a general consensus that all human societies all over the world practice one form of religion or the other. In Africa, African traditional religion is in vogue apart from Christianity and Islam. All religious practices have some attendant aesthetics and the onus of this research is to examine religious aesthetics in African novels using Elechi Amadi’s The Concubine and The Great Ponds as a case study. Apart from using the structuralist theoretical framework for analysis, the researcher constructed twenty-five items that were administered on one hundred respondents. The collected data were analyzed using simple percentage and it was discovered that superstition, charms and traditional medicine are important religious aesthetics in Africa. Elechi Amadi’s treatment of religion in his selected novels is highly objective and also helps in the projection of the African personality.
SOCIO-ECONOMIC EFFECTS OF USING THE LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENTS IN CONTROLLING COMMUNITY CONFLICTS IN RIVERS STATE, NIGERIA
1B. A. ODINWA AND 2F. E. NLERUM
1Department of Agricultural Education, Federal College of Education (Technical), PMB 11, Omoku, Rivers State. 2Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics/Extension, Rivers State University of Science and Technology, Nkpolu, Port Harcourt.
This study investigated the socio-economic effects of using law enforcement agents (LEAs) in controlling community conflicts in Ogba/Egbema/Ndoni Local Government Area (ONELGA) of Rivers State. A total of 216 respondents, selected through stratified and simple random sampling techniques were used in the study. Data obtained were analyzed, using mean scores and analysis of variance (ANOVA) for test of significance. The findings showed that: Community conflicts in ONELGA were not state of emergency cases that could attract the presence of the LEAs to the extent of living with the people in their communities (M=2.63), rather, government and the oil company(s) have special interests in crude oil and gas businesses in the area (M= 4.69). In terms of Social-economic effects, It showed that: kidnapping, oil bunkery and cutting of electric cables are recent events in the face of LEAs (M=3.45); there is very high cost of living in the area (M=3.19); and there is increased anti-social behaviours such as armed robbery, stealing and cultism (M=3.16). Based on the findings, this study recommends the following: (1) There should be a reduction in the number of the LEAs in the area since the identified conflicts in the study are not state of emergency cases, (2) Federal and state governments as well as the oil companies operating in the area with vested interest in the crude oil and gas deposits in the area should diversify into commercial agriculture, cottage industries and tourism, in order to create more employable and recreational opportunities that will occupy the people meaningfully, and (3) There should be good governance and transparent leadership in families, communities, clans, local government area and the state in general, through proper implementation of the laws/constitution of the land.
THE DEPRESSED QUALITY EDUCATION IN NIGERIAN POLYTECHNICS MONOTECHNICS AND COLLEGES OF EDUCATION (PMCE): INCREASING ACCESS TO QUALITY POST-SECONDARY EDUCATION IN NIGERIA
UMAR MU’AZU TADAMA1, MUHAMMAD ADAMU2, NUHU I. MUSA3, MOHAMMED UMAR ARDO4
1Department of Chemical Engineering Technology, Federal Polytechnic Mubi, 2Department of Social Studies, Federal College of Education Yola 3Department of Environmental Health, College of Health Technology, Michika 4Department of Agricultural Education, College of Education Hong, Adamawa State, Nigeria.
Dwindling in the quality of Nigerian Polytechnics, Monotechnics and colleges of education (PMCE) in recent years, there has been a remarked paucity in the quality of academic staff; learning and teaching materials; overall quality control; not to mention research and development in Nigerian (PMCE). These factors are indication of depressed quality management of Nigerian post-secondary institutions. It is against this background that this paper examined an improvement strategy–increasing access to quality post-secondary education in Nigeria. The paper highlighted an indispensable instrument for achieving greater access in high quality education of Nigerian (PMCE) if properly implemented. The paper recommended that once the improvement strategy is employed; the (PMCE) must be consistent with the set rules and regulations, aims and objectives, and the overall principles values. The paper also conceptualized increasing access to quality post-secondary education and presented documentary evidence regarding the (PMCE) education, the effects and the need for quality control, the elements and principles of quality control, achieving qood quality control and the challenges to quality education in tertiary institutions in Nigeria, its recognized the fact that the low access to higher education in Nigeria could be the result of the following: problem of high demand inadequate supply; infrastructural/facilities challenge; inadequate public funding; economic constraints; unemployment; and problem of staff development and training of academic staff to embrace today’s challenges of the global village, to provide more opportunities for all to have access to quality post-secondary education in Nigeria.
IMPLICATIONS OF HUMAN CAPITAL FORMATION FOR ENTREPRENEURSHIP DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA
OJOKUKU R.M. and LAWAL N.A.
Department of Management and Accounting, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Nigeria
Nigeria is currently faced with serious economic challenges and discussions in literature have x-rayed the important role of entrepreneurship in the economic recovery drive of ailing economies like Nigeria. Entrepreneurship development in Nigeria is, however, bedevilled by varied challenges of which human capital availability is one. The realization that human skills acquired through human capital formation activities, can play a prominent role in entrepreneurship development, underscored this study. Using an exploratory design, with secondary sources of data, the study examined the human capital formation (HCF) strategies of government, particularly in the areas of education, training and healthcare. The linkage between these activities and small business development, and the implications for economic development, were analysed. Findings showed that Nigerian government’s expenditure on education, training and health insurance schemes, have been on the increase over the past three decades, though it is still below the international standard. It was also revealed that although the HCF efforts have yielded increased availability of manpower for entrepreneurship development in the nation, the pace of development has been slowed down by challenges of infrastructural decay, inadequate funding, and skills inappropriateness, among others. The study recommended that greater attention should be focused on enhancing the effectiveness of human capital formation strategies to enable the nation attain her full potentials in entrepreneurship development and economic growth.
ALIEN LAND OWNERSHIP IN KWARA STATE: THREAT TO INDIGENOUS LAND SUSTAINABILITY
FLORENCE F. FALANA.
Department of Estate Management, Federal Polytechnic, Idah, Kogi State, Nigeria.
This study examined the basis, principle and philosophy of alien land ownership in Kwara State. There is growing concern about the large scale land grabbing by aliens in the African continent of recent. This paper aims at investigating the basis, principle and philosophy behind the giving away of Nigerian land to foreigners knowing full well there is no alternative to land. What will befall the present and future posterity who we owe the duty of land sustainability? Questionnaires were administered to the resident of the affected area to ascertain their willingness to give out their land and the future of their posterity. In-depth study of the Land Use Act was carried out to substantiate the Kwara State government action. The results show that there was no justification for Kwara State government to give away the land since the people in Shonga were unwilling to give over their land and can be empowered by government to be productive farmers on their land. The government did not take into consideration the extension tendency of the aliens and the possibility to buy over or exterminate the indigenes and take over their lands. The world over, there is no place that alien occupation of land benefited the host community. It is concluded that the alien ownership of land in Kwara State is a wrong policy in a wrong direction which may in future enslave the indigene or lead to future re-colonisation of Kwara State.
NUMERICAL MODELLING OF STATISTICAL VARIATES OF TIME SERIES SOLUTION TRAJECTORY.
*H.K. OLUMOKO & **E.N. EKAKA-A
*Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Port Harcourt, Portharcourt, Nigeria. **Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Rivers State University of Science and Technology, Portharcourt, Nigeria.
The process of modelling an inventory level depends on the application of a mathematical modelling using a first order linear differential equation. Our present study as considered how to access the impact of changes in demand on the statistical variates that respond to distinct initial inventory level. We have found that the smaller the standard deviation, the better the estimated values. In particular, when the initial inventory is two (2), the best precise standard deviation is 0.0852 when the demand is 0.0425. Other results that we have obtained and have not been seen elsewhere are fully presented and discussed in this study.
DEVELOPMENT OF DIGITAL MOISTURE LEVEL DETECTOR FOR HIGH VOLTAGE ASSETS PROTECTION
1TIJANI, B. O.,2 OLADOSU, D.A., 3ASHIM, M.O.
1&3:-Department of Electrical Engineering, the Polytechnic, Ibadan, 2: Department of Computer Engineering, the Polytechnic, Ibadan
The quest for maintenance of high voltage components has been called for a great concern, due to exorbitant amount being spent on replacement of those equipments. One major of factors which constitutes to defect of those components is moisture. Hence this study presents a cheap, affordable, and efficient Digital Moisture Level Detector, it comprises of power supply, humidity sensor, PIC 16F628 and Seven Segment Display. It was designed to measure humidity remotely and the objective was quite achieved when intensive test conducted at different locations to verify the effectiveness of the circuit implemented. It is hereby recommended to be used so as to serve as a moisture detector for high voltage equipment.