CONTEMPORARY RESEARCH AND INTELLECTUAL IN UNVEILING SUB-SAHARA AFRICAN POTENTIALS IN THE NEW MILLENNIUM
JULY 30, 2015
F.U.T.A., HILLTOP CONFERENCE HALL, AKURE,
- PROCEEDINGS (Vol. 3 No.3)
THE IMPACT OF MARKETING ON TOURIST DESTINATIONS IN BAUCHI STATE
UKONU IJEOMA CHINYERE
Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, Department of Hospitality and Tourism, Management, Bauchi State Nigeria.
This research was carried out to evaluate the impact of marketing on tourist destinations in Bauchi State. One hundred and eight (108) people were sampled. Seventy six of them were tourist and thirty two of them were tourism marketers. The data collection instrument (DIC) was structured questionnaire; Statistical package for social science (SPSS), percentages and charts were used to analyze the data collected. The finding revealed that through marketing some tourist destinations in the state has gained popularity up to the international standard such as Yankari Resort and Safari; where 86% of the respondents have visited the safari. Tourism activities in the state can further be boosted through improved marketing strategies; this variable was strongly agreed to with a mean value of 1.8 ± 1.00 standard deviation. However, there are tourist destinations in Bauchi State which are unknown to the general public such as Lame-Burra Game Reserve; where none of the respondents have visited the reserve while only 4% are aware of its existence. It was recommended that unknown tourist destinations in the state could be properly marketed, the facilities and infrastructures refurbished. Web/social media marketing was also recommended.
CLIMATE CHANGE AND INSECURITY: AN EXAMINATION OF GOMBE STATE’S PREDICAMENT IN NORTH EASTERN NIGERIA.
ABUBAKAR UMAR ALHAJI & ABDULKADIR AHMED
Department of Political Science, Federal University, Kashere, Gombe
Insecurity as a result of climate change has become a global phenomenon, which imposes a major challenge to human environments especially in the 21st century. This phenomenon prompted scholars to conduct scientific investigations with a view to find out solutions to the problems. The overwhelming challenges related to socio-economic activities, migration and agricultural productions eventually resulted to inadequate employment opportunities and limited means of lively hood to the teaming population. Accordingly, it intensifies social vices which culminate into general insecurity causing loss of lives and valuable properties. This study investigated climate change pertaining insecurity in Gombe state within North East. The study is guided by three research questions and one null hypothesis was tested at 0.05 level of significance. Descriptive research design of survey type was employed. The research questions raised were answered using mean and standard deviation, while research hypothesis rose was verified using t-test with the aid of SPSS. A validated instrument with reliability coefficient of 0.84 guided the collection of data. The study observed that climate change is a major factor responsible for insecurity in Gombe state within the region which results to desertification, decrease in water bodies, and loss of soil fertility, extinction of flora and fauna and increase of temperature. The study recommended that Nation states, civil society organizations and individuals should respect international laws, legislations, treaties, policies, programmes and resolutions regarding our environments and finally individuals should also endeavor to imbibe the culture of friendly environment.
GROWTH RESPONSES ASSESSMENT OF MORINGA OLEIFERA TO THREE SPACING METHODS IN AGWANGA, NORTHERN NIGERIA.
*POPOOLA A. S., & **E. O. OBASHOLA AND 2S. S. KAIWA.
*Department of Forestry Technology, Federal College of Forestry P.M.B 2019 Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria. **Department of Basic Science and General Studies, Federal College of Forestry P. M. B 2019 Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria.
Effects of different plant spacing on growth responses of moringa oleifera were studied in Akwanga Northern Nigeria. A randomized complete block design (RCBD) was used for the experiment over nine (9) months duration, the prepreliminaryenary and post harvest soils were analyze. The growth parameters such as germination percentage, survival of seedling after transplanting, plant height (HT) (cm), root length (RL) (cm), stem diameter (SD) (cm) crown width (EW) (cm) root colar diameter (RCD) (cm) and root number (RN) were assessed under three (3) spacing methods namely 0.5 x 0.5m, 1.0 x 1.0m, and 1.5 x 1.5m respectively. Mean effects of spacing on growth parameters indicated that 0.5 x 0.5m spacing had the lowest (53.67) mean significant effect on plant height while the effect of 1.0 x 1.0 and 1.5 x 1.5m spacing were not significantly different from each other. The result of this study suggests that morigna oleifera growth responses contribute biomass accumulation that could be a potent supplement for both human and animal consumption. Recommendations were made on these spacing method associated variation.
COMPARISON OF GROWTH RESPONSES OF Khaya senegalensis SEEDLINGS TO THREE IRRIGATION REGIMES.
1POPOOLA A. S., 1M. UKWADI, 2S. S. KAIWA AND 3A. A. OKUNADE.
1Department of Forestry Technology, Federal College of Forestry P. M. B 2019 Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria.2Department of Basic Science and General Studies, Federal College of Forestry P. M. B 2019 Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria.3Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria, Rainforest Research Station, Ore, Ondo State, Nigeria.
Khaya senegalensis is an important tree species for timber production, native to West Africa. In view of the numerous importance of Khaya senegalensis, this study became necessary to establish the favourable watering regime for raising the seedlings for mass production. The Experiment comprises three treatments namely, T1, T2 and T3 respectively. The treatments were laid out in a completely randomized design (C.R.D) with four replicates. The parameters assessed are Leave count, Leaf length, Stem diameter, Plant height and Leaf width. The results indicates that T2 had the Highest mean values of the growth parameters measured followed by T1 and then T3. From the analysis of variance (ANOVA), the treatments had no significant effects on plant height, leaf length and leaf count, while the treatments had significant effects on leaf width and stem diameter (P=0.05). The Multiple Range test Analysis of the effect of treatments on growth parameters revealed that all the treatments had no significant effects on plant height, leaf length and leaf count, while treatments T1 and T2 showed significant effect on leaf width, and Treatments T1, T2 and T3 showed significant effects on stem diameter. It can be concluded that Khaya senegalensis seedlings have comparative growth patterns to watering regimes.
PHILOSOPHICAL INTEGRATION OF THE HUMAN PERSON: AFRICAN STANDPOINT
VICTOR OGHENEOCHUKO JEKO
Department of Philosophy, Faculty of Arts, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka
The human person has a definitional difficulty. One definition of the human person will be one sided. The human person reflects the philosophical analysis of manifold reciprocal relations and fundamental wholeness. The human person is a unique rational being who is very complex from the domain unified understanding of his nature. It constitutes a rational element and characterized by the social, physical, metaphysical, psychological, existential, global, dialogical, moral, and African plane. The human person is deeply rooted in the fundamental existential question of who he is, what he does governed by its rational ability, cognitive capacity and inter-subjective relation. The human person is both a spiritual and a material being, that is, he is characterized by soul and body. The human person is characterized by the stylization of rational conduct and common good or collective interests. We shall critically examine the psychological, ontological, global, dialogical dimension of the human person, this philosophical elucidation of these dimensions is not exhaustive, the human person can also be viewed from socio-political, moral religious and existential dimension.
AN APPRAISAL ON PROGRAMMES AND SERVICES FOR UNVEILLING THE POTENTIAL HEARING IMPAIRED PERSONS (PHILPS) IN NIGER STATE AND THE NEW MILLENIUM: THE WAY FORWARD IN NIGERIA AND OTHER SUB – SAHARA AFRICAN COUNTRIES
ABDULLAHI MUSA ZHIKPE
In this paper, attempts were made to define special needs education as the current trend as well as problems of leaving needs hanging in education. Special needs education is therefore identified as the contemporary discipline which takes cognizance of those leaving needs and difficulties for future endeavour, innovation and changes leading to an unveiled potential hearing impaired persons (PHLPS) for a secured employment, opportunity approaches and self productivity as the way forward thus for Niger State, Nigeria, the new millennium and its assessment needs (continuity) thus. It is therefore the current and expected discipline which takes care of the ceclinsles and hear practices of inclusiveness, delivery of the expected programmes and services for unveiling the potential hearing impaired persons.
PERCEIVED HEALTH BENEFITS OF SPORTS PARTICIPATION AMONG THE STUDENTS OF AFE BABALOLA UNIVERSITY ADO EKITI
JAIYESIMI BOLUWAJI GBENGA & BAMITALE TOBA DAVID
Dept of Sports Science, Afe Babalola University, Ado-Ekiti
This study is a survey to find out the perceived health benefits of sports participation among the university undergraduates in Ado-Ekiti. The descriptive survey research design was employed for the study while self-structured modified questionnaire was used to elicit information from the respondents. The simple random sampling techniques was used to select the sample from the target population which comprised the students of Afe Babalola University. The total of two hundred and thirty-one (231) respondents participated in the study forming the sample size for the study. The statistical tools used for the study included the percent counts, frequency, mean, standard deviation, spearman rank correlation. The variables used for the study were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The result of the findings showed that all the variables tested were significant. The study therefore concluded that the university undergraduates are significantly aware of the perceived health benefits of sports participation and also get involved in spite of their academic activities.
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ORGANISATIONAL DESIGN VARIABLES AND MANAGEMENT EFFECTIVENESS IN THE HOSTING OF NIGERIAN UNIVERSITY GAMES
OKPARA C. J. & DIYAOLU B.O.
Department of Sport Science, Afe-Babalola University Ado-Ekiti
This study investigated the relationship between organisational design variables and management effectiveness in the hosting of Nigerian university games. Descriptive survey research design of the correlational type was adopted. Purposive and quota sampling method to select the 304 athletes and accompany officials from UNIBEN and OAU as respondents. A self developed instrument was used for data collection. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics of frequency count, percentage, mean, pie chat and parametric statistics of Pearson product moment correlation.The result revealed that game delivery with r value at 0.62 indicates a positive and moderate relationship, p value at 0.000 is less than the level of significance at 0.05. Financing with r value at 0.316 indicates a positive and moderate relationship, p value at 0.000 is less than the level of significance at 0.05. It was recommended that reinvigoration of NUGA games to make its hosting very competitive and only institutions with acceptable standards of facilities, equipment and will should be awarded hosting right. Government and multinational companies alike must take the funding of NUGA seriously as this could help in engaging young minds in the university in productive ventures thereby reducing the scourge of cultism in our institution of learning.
CHILLED STORAGE OF RABBIT SEMEN IN 15% EGG YOLK PLASMA FROM FIVE (5) NIGERIAN DOMESTICATED AVIAN SPECIES
APOPOOLA M.A., BOGUNKUNLE T., CADEYOSOYE O.I., D POPOOLA Y.R,
- National Biotechnology Development Agency, Abuja, Nigeria b. Bio-resources Development Centre, South-West Zonal Office, Owode-Yewa, Ogun State, Nigeria c. Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Nigeria. d. National Identity Management Commission, Abuja, Nigeria.
This study is aimed at evaluating the spermatological parameters of rabbit semen(pre and post chilling) in extender containing 15% egg yolk plasma(EYP) from 5 Nigerian domesticated avian species namely Chicken, Guinea fowl, Quail, Turkey and Muscovy. Aliquots of semen samples were taken from heterospermic pool of 20 matured rabbit bucks into extenders at 370C, 0hours, 50C, 24 hour and 50C, 24 hours. Evaluated parameters (%) were mass motility, forward progressive motility (FPM), liveability, acrosome integrity and total abnormality. At 370C, 0 hour, mass motility and FPM of 15 % Muscovy and Guinea fowl EYP extended semen were highest and statistically similar(P>0.05) however liveability and acrosome integrity of Turkey EYP extended semen (89.50%,70.33%) was the best. Muscovy EYP extended semen showed the best result at 24hours with all evaluated parameters similar to Turkey EYP extended semen except the significance difference P<0.05) in mass motility (77.67% vs 69.67%).At 48hours, Turkey EYP extended semen was the best considering liveability, acrosome integrity and total abnormality. FPM and liveability of Turkey EYP extended sample were significantly different (P<0.05) compared with Muscovy EYP. Rabbit semen could be optimally chilled and stored in 15% Muscovy EYP for 24 hours, and in 15 %Turkey EYP extender for 48hours.
MARXISM AS AN IDEOLOGY FOR AFRICAN LIBERATION
VICTOR OGHENEOCHUKO JEKO
Department of Philosophy, Faculty of Arts,Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Anambra State, Email:
The problems facing Africa today requires viable contemporary intellectual capacity. Marxism has been a fundamental tool for African liberation. Marxism plays a critical role in the decolonization of Africa. Marxism reflects on the theories of revolution, society, history and class struggle. Africa is seriously clamouring for freedom and equality. The issue of equality or class struggle has a negative connotation. Marxism as an ideology can pave the way for unveiling African potentials in this new Millennium. Marxism has opened up a viable alternative for African communalism and African socialism. This paper shall analyze, appreciates and appropriates the deep logical insights offered by Karl Marx’s philosophy in terms of the social reconstruction and the dynamics of social transformation of contemporary human society. Marxism has a global vision. The contemporary global relevance of Marxian philosophy has been the only viable alternative for African ideology and African liberation. What matters to us as Africans depends on our quest for African revolution, freedom/emancipation and African development and social reconstructions. African freedom requires concerted efforts of African reorganization or re-orientation.
TREATMENT OF AN EMERGING DISEASE USING A NEW LOTION (ORONSFRANKLO)
Department of Medical Laboratory Science, College of Medical Sciences, University of Benin City, Nigeria
The emergence of new diseases of unknown aetiology is a common health challenge in developing countries. These diseases have defiled all known medications. They affect upper region of the body, particularly the face, neck and the jaw. Methods;One hundred subjects compressing 20 children,50 adults 20 elderly subject who was discovered having bumps ‘as it was called’ on the face scailp neck were recruited for the study.: The subjects were given the lotion orondfranklo(R)which was applied to the affected areas twice daily, preferably morning and evening. The lotion is currently been investigated for its toxicity so that it can be recommended for systemic administration, the lotion is exclusively for external use. This lotion has been successfully used for treating both superficial fungal and bacterial infections. The most dramatic effect of the lotion is the fact that during the treatment successful clinical response was achieved within three days. Therefore, it is rightly called ‘three days cure’. This study presents the novel effect of the lotion ( figures 1 and 2) . The lotion has already been registered with a trade mark
THE FOUNDING OF HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS (HEIs) IN NIGERIA FOR SOCIO-POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC TRANSFORMATIONS
UMAR MU’AZU TADAMA1, ALIYU SA’AD YERIMA2, ADAMU MOHAMMED3, FADIMATU NUHU MOHAMMED 4 HABIBA ABUBAKAR5
1Department of Chemical Engineering Technology, 2&3Department of Business Administration and Management, 4Department of Registry, Federal Polytechnic Mubi, 5Department of Educational Foundation and Management, College of Education Hong. Adamawa state, Nigeria.
The founding of higher education institutions HEIs in Nigeria started with the establishment of University College Ibadan in 1948. This institution was an affiliate of the University of London (Ike, 1976). The University was since then saddled with a number of problems at inception ranging from rigid constitutional provisions, autocratic leadership, poor staffing and low enrolment to high dropout rate (Ibukun, 1997). The Nigerian education system started slowly but soundly developing during the colonial time until the conclusion of World War II. The Christian missionaries introduced the western education system in Nigeria in the mid-nineteenth century. The study looked into how Nigeria was able to contain the challenges that accompany the establishment of HEIs in the country and even made considerable progress in the domain of education in the following variables: Stages; Factors; Roles and Recommendations that led to the establishments of HEIs in Nigeria; Re-Appraising this Role; HEIs Regulatory Agencies, Ownership and Administration; the Developmental Growth of HEIs; Deregulation and Implication of HEIs in Nigeria; Human and Material Resources; HEIs Student Enrolments; HEIs Funding and Sources. The education system in the country is supervised by the federal, state and local councils. Nigeria is making a steady progress in the development of education. Many higher education institutions (HEIs) and schools have been established and developed considerably over the years, which has resulted in a healthy literacy rate. However, the study conclude that much still needs to be don, HEIs initially laid claims in making respectable impact on the socio-political and economic advancement of Nigeria. Today, there are doubts whether Nigerian HEIs under the present conditions will be able to continue to lay claims on being central to national capacity to connect with the new international knowledge system and adopt, adapt and further develop the new technologies needed in the wider society. And has made recommendations that will keep the flag flying.
THE ROLE OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT ADMINISTRATION IN GRASSROOTS DEVELOPMENT
TIJANI, SULEMAN OLATUNJI & DAMISAH, MARY-ANNE OMOKHEFUE (MRS.)
Department of Humanities & Social Sciences, Auchi Polytechnic, Auchi, Edo State.
Rural and Grassroots development is the concern of every responsible and responsive government in any political system, especially the local government. This is because political participation in the development process has continued to elude the people at the grassroots. Development remains insignificant if it does not positively affect the lives of those in the periphery of decision making arrangement. Local government is, therefore, created as the third tier of government with the objective of ensuring effective, measurable and efficient service delivery to the people. Despite the important developmental roles that local government plays in the grassroots, there is no gainsaying that its administration in Nigeria is faced with numerous challenges. This research work will, therefore, in addition to examining the roles played by local government administration in grassroots development, also look into challenges of local government, try to proffer solution(s) and also make necessary recommendations, in order to evolve viable and development-oriented third tier government.