CONTEMPORARY RESEARCH AND INTELLECTUAL IN UNVEILING SUB-SAHARA AFRICAN POTENTIALS IN THE NEW MILLENNIUM
JULY 30, 2015
F.U.T.A., HILLTOP CONFERENCE HALL, AKURE,
- PROCEEDINGS (Vol. 3 No.2)
ALTERNATIVE ENERGY SERIES AS A TOOL FOR REVAMPING BUILDING ENERGY CRISIS IN NIGERIA
*MOHAMMED ADAMU AMINU**IBRAHIM MUSA**OSUNKUNLE ABDULMAGEED**ABUBAKAR ALIYU MUNKAILA***SHUAIBU NURU MAMMAN
*Architecture Programme, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi **Department of Architectural Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi***Department of Building Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi
This paper is presented to showcase series of alternative energy systems in our environment vis-à-vis the sources, uses and challenges. It is a fact that most of the world’s energy resources are produced used by buildings and construction industry which as a result, constitute problems of global warming, pollution, depletion of the ozone layer, waste issues, and climate changes, etc. To save our planet of these problems is going back to the basis; a technology in green architecture to achieve an alternative and sustainable energy in buildings. A review of the characteristics of the various alternative energy technologies in buildings suggests modifications in architectural planning and design in such areas as site planning/landscaping floor planning, environmental control systems, construction materials and methods.The eye opening environmental factors and determinants in this paper will make us understand the need for the adoption of various alternative energy systems with appropriate such available method of energy abound. In conclusion, a detailed study with relevant analysis showed an acceptable positive result. It was then recommended among others that stake holders at all levels, should enforce better solutions to energy crisis and more research investigations could be made possible by making positive pilot schemes in energy a reality.
ASSESSMENT OF THE PROBLEMS OF RABBIT PRODUCTION IN SABON-GARI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA
ABDULLAHI, HALLIRU., M. BAKO & U, IBRAHIM
Division of Agricultural Colleges, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria
Rabbit production in Sabon-Gari Local Government Area of Kaduna state, Nigeria. This study was design to rabbit production in Sabon- Gari Local Government Area of Kaduna State Nigeria. Purposive sampling was used to select the study area based on the rabbit production in the area. Ten (10) respondents were selected from each of the six districts in the study area. Sixty questionnaires were administered to sixty respondents. Frequencies and percentages were used to analyse the data collected. The result shows that 88.3% of the respondents were male, majority (55%) were between the ages of 30years, 38.3% had tertiary education and 35% had been in the business for between 3-4 years. Forty- three percent kept between 11- 20 rabbits, diseases prevalent in the study area were coccidiosis (60.6%) and ringworm (21.2%). Thirty five percent of the rabbit producers reported inadequate capital as the major constraints, it is therefore recommended that the rabbit producers should from a cooperative society in order to pull their resources together and obtain loans from the financial institutions.
IMPACT OF TRAFFIC CONGESTION ON COMMERCIAL PROPERTY RENTAL VALUES IN BAUCHI METROPOLIS
ALIYU AHMAD ALIYU1, SANI IBRAHIM ABUBAKAR1 AND HARUNA ADAMU1
1Department of Estate Management and Valuation, Faculty of Environmental Technology,
Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi, P.M.B. 0248, Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria
The work investigates the causes, effect, the impact traffic congestion has on commercial property rental values in Bauchi metropolis and it also proffers or brings solutions or remedies to the problem of traffic congestion which is increasing by the day due to the rate of increase in population. The aim of the study is to examine the impact of traffic congestion on commercial property rental value with a view to understanding whether traffic congestion has effect on property value. Primary data were collected and analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Scientist (SPSS) and Microsoft Excel method. The result obtained from the analysis shows that traffic congestion has a significant impact on rental values of commercial properties. It was then recommended that government should ban hawking on parking spaces in commercial property location, create separate routes for heavy vehicles, road expansions was also suggested to curb the problem of traffic congestion and also introduction of advanced automated traffic lights and creation of flyovers were suggested to the government as a way of tackling the issue of traffic congestion.
CRITICAL ISSUES IN CONSULTING ENGINEERING PRACTICE IN NIGERIA
-ENGR. GANA A.J
Istructe London (UK), ICE London (UK), Civil Engineering Department, College of Science and Engineering, Landmark University, Omu-Aran, Kwara State, Nigeria.
Engineering profession is all about wealth making, apart from the professional services which is also the major part of the profession. Where wealth aspect of Engineering profession is not making head way in a society like Nigeria, it should be call a dying profession and abuse to those propelling the image of the profession. This paper examines the consulting Engineering practice in Nigeria with Emphasis on critical issues in consulting Engineering practice within Nigerian context.
ON THE IMPACT OF ENVIRONMENTAL PERTURBATION ON THE STABILITY OF A DYNAMICAL SYSTEM: A CASE STUDY OF TWO COMPETING PHYTOPLANKTON SPECIES
P.Y IGWE1A AND E.N. EKAKA-A 1B
1aDepartment of Mathematics Education, Federal College of Education (Technical), Omoku, Rivers State, Nigeria.1bDepartment of Mathematics and Computer Science, Rivers State University of Science and Technology, Port Harcourt, Nigeria.
The effect of environmental perturbation on the interaction between phytoplankton species is a challenging marine ecology problem that requires a mathematical reasoning to tackle this problem. We have used the technique of a numerical simulation in particular to investigate the impact of environmentally driven perturbation in terms of the random noise intensities of 0.1 and 0.4. Our present results clearly show that irrespective of the environmental perturbation that produces random noise, we have obtained a dominant stable co-existence steady-state solution. The twenty (20) repeated numerical simulation results that we have obtained reinforce this powerful contribution. The results which we have obtained have not been seen elsewhere; these are presented and discussed in this study.
INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) IN UNVEILING SUB-SAHARA AFRICAN POTENTIALS IN THE NEW MILLENNIUM: THE WAY FORWARD IN NIGERIA
ADAMA MOHAMMED (MRS.)
General Studies Education Department, College Of Education Minna, Niger State
The use of ICT is very relevant in enhancing National Security and Development. ICT tools such as computer security is the collective processes and mechanism by which sensitive and valuable information/ services to lives are protected from unauthorized publication, tampering or collapse by unauthorized activities of untrustworthy individuals. The paper discusses security in computing using four (4) approaches, fraud and computer security measures to unveil the potentials that are available to prevent unnecessary access to confidential documents, loss of computer files in sub-sahara African countries. Environmental threats, such as earthquakes, floods, lighting, power fluctuations, humidity, dust, varying temperatures and fire, can also cause damage to computer files and can also cause damage to other property and lives. The paper concluded that there is the need to set requirements on the secrecy, confidentiality of information and layout of structural requirements for powerful security technique were featured. Recommendations were made on compulsory installation of updatable antivirus software, critical data should be hacked on secondary storage media and on the net for various tiers of governments to appraise on the usage of biometric and forensic approach towards unveiling the potentials in Nigeria and other sub-sahara African countries.
RETHINKING OF OUR RESOURCES IN ARCHITECTURE FOR A SUSTAINABLE ENVIRONMENTAL DEVELOPMENT
MOHAMMED ADAMU AMINU1, DANIEL ZIGGY KAMBAI2, OSUNKUNLE ABDULMAGEED2, ABUBAKAR ALIYU MUNKAILA2, BELLO MUSBAU ADEWUMI3
- Architecture Programme, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi 2. Department of Architectural Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi 3. Department of Architectural Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Offa
This paper is presented to exhibit cases of our environment at threat and the globe at risk; such as global warming, pollution, depletion of the ozone layer, waste issues, and climate changes, etc. Most of the world’s resources energy is used by buildings and construction industry which as a result, constitute the above mentioned problems.To salvage our planet of these problems is going back to the basis; a technology in green architecture to achieve sustainable environmental development. The eye opening environmental facts in this paper will make us understand the need for the rethinking of our human and natural resources in green architecture like conservation, re-cycling, designs, appropriate use of materials and applications of science and technology,etc.
REFOCUSING EDUCATION SYSTEM TOWARDS ENTREPRENEURSHIP DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA: A TOOL FOR POVERTY ERADICATION
JIMAH S. M1.; UNUIGBOKHAI, O. A2 & JIMAH, K.Q3
1Department of Urban & Regional Planning, Auchi Polytechnic, Auchi. 2Department Of Accountancy, Auchi Polytechnic, Auchi., 3Auchi Poly Secondary School, Auchi Polytechnic, Auchi.
The present economic situation in Nigeria poses serious threats and challenges to both government and well meaning citizens. These social-economic problems call for different strategies and actions for it to be ameliorated. The objectives of this paper are to emphasize the need and importance of entrepreneurship education, which will serve as a panacea to some social economic problems. It was discovered that the current educational system is deficient in providing the necessary impetus for economic development. It also founds out that same problems keep escalating despite various efforts by the government to review policies and programmes in the past. A good aspect of the paper is providing entrepreneurship education framework as an explanation of what and who it should be rather than what it is. It also challenges policy makers on the need to refocus their policies in problem solving rather than maintaining the status quo. This research adopts the desk research method to review relevant literature on Educational system.
THE HISTORIC EPISODES TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF TERTIARY EDUCATION IN NIGERIA: ISSUES, PROSPECTS AND PERSPECTS
-UMAR MU’AZU TADAMA1, MOHAMMED BASHIR ABDULRAHMAN2, ALIYU A. BABA3, ABUBAKAR ISHAKU4, BASHIR MA’AJI ADAMU5
1Department of Chemical Engineering Technology, 2&3Department of Mechanical Engineering Technology, 4Department of Registry, 5Department of Office Technology and Management. Federal Polytechnic Mubi, Adamawa State, Nigeria.
A crucial problem facing educational development planning in Nigeria is not paucity of data, but accurate analysis of the unlimited data needed to assess the efficiency and effectiveness of our educational system to make realistic and implementable projections for effective academic planning for higher education at national or state level. Analysis on the growth of higher education in Nigeria, emergence of private institution in Nigeria, tertiary students enrolment, tertiary graduate out-put, tertiary academic staff, the funding of higher education, Nigerian higher education participation rate within world economies, are essential building blocks. Knowing their prospective trends is a prerequisite to forecasting their perspective levels. This paper analyses trends in the above name variables in higher education in Nigeria since 1948, with a suggestions for improvement and increasing the growth of these sector in the country as background. The paper recommends consolidation of existing facilities and programmes instead of further proliferation of higher education systems. To achieve these laudable objectives and to appreciate the current educational development and plan better for the future requires studying of the past. This study therefore anchors this relevance in our tertiary institutions. History is not mere story telling. It is also not a mere fabrication. History is an account of what actually happened in the past which has a link to what is happening at present and can help in planning or projecting for the future. In other words, history is about yesterday, today and tomorrow. We study important development in human existence in the past for the development of today. This paper, therefore, focuses on the historic episodes to development of higher education issues in Nigeria, its prospects and in the recognition given to higher education in Nigeria, as the country gives much credence to higher education as the means for social and economic mobility, social transformation, and as a major platform for higher level workforce development–managerial, scientific and technological.
TREATMENT OF COUGH WITH A COMBINATION OF HONEY AND LIME
*ORONNSAYE F.E. & **EGBAGBE E.E.
*college of Medical Lab. Sciences University of Benin Benin City Nigeria**Department Of Medicine University of Benin Teaching Hospital Benin City Nigeria.
Introduction; Treatment of cough especially in the tropics has assumed a wider dimension with escalating cost of drugs especially in developing Countries of the world. The problem is further compounded by the high level of resistance posed by pathogens which is a fall out of drug abuse and miss use, that is prevalent in these countries.(T)he need for regimens with low cost and possibly available locally becomes a very necessary option. Materials and methods. ;Two hundred and fifty persons ranging from children, adults and the elderly from a rural community in Edo state of Nigeria who were actively coughing were randomly recruited into this study, Patients consents were obtained verbally and were promised free medical treatment as an incentive for taking part in the study. Patients were treated with 5mls of honey and 5ls of lime vol/vol. the mixture was thoroughly mixed and patients were asked to lick it after meals thrice daily ,for about three days- five days. Results.; satisfactory clinical response was achieved after five days of application. Conclusion’;We present in this study the efficacy of the combination of lime and honey in treatment of cough.
POPULATION CENSUS AND POLITICS IN NIGERIA
*ABBAS M. ADAM & **YAKUBU DAN
* Dept. of Geography, Federal University Kashere, Gombe State ** Dept. of Geography, Gombe State University , Gombe State
Population constitutes a vital component of the resources base and development potentials of any nation. The spatial pattern of development in Nigeria to a large extent has been determined by the existing pattern of population distribution. The population factor has played a decisive role in many government policies and actions such as revenue allocation among states, the distribution of infrastructural facilities and the subdivision of the country into units. Sadly, more often than not population data sources are characterised by, various forms of errors, inaccuracies and inaccessibility therefore cannot be relied upon for effective planning. The data for the paper was generated from results of past population censuses, population archives and petitions submitted by communities contesting the figures. The finding shows that population data sources generally include censuses, Post enumeration surveys, vital registrations of births, deaths and migrations, sample surveys etc. In most cases it is only the census that is up to date and having wider coverage which is also characterised by inaccuracies, petitions and counter petitions and non enumeration of a lot of areas during the exercise. It is therefore necessary that for any development planning to be achieved population data for that region should be taken into consideration.
THE NIGERIAN PARADOX IN A CONTEMPORARY PERSPECTIVE: THE BANE OF UNVEILING AFRICAN POTENTIALS IN THE NEW MILLENNIUM
VICTOR OGHENEOCHUKO JEKO
Department of Philosophy, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka
The objective of this paper is to examine the implications of good governance vis-a-vis the paradoxes of Nigeria’s democratic experience and the way forward. The problems of Nigeria’s democratic experience are multifaceted and it has to be addressed critically. This involves a critical examination of the myriad of problems such as economic problem, religious bigotry, ethnic chauvinism, cultural problem, and political instability, bribery and corruption in the Nigerian society. These multidimensional issues serve as an impediment to sustainable development and the stability of the Nigerian democratic experience. The paper shall analyze the notions of political, economic, cultural, religious, ethnic and social change and the way these issues can mar the dynamic process relative to the Nigerian democratic condition and how they can be amenable to Nigeria’s democratic experience or otherwise. This paper appreciates and appropriate the deep logical insight offered by philosophy into the problems of the Nigeria’s democratic setting and the assault on Nigeria by her political leaders which include among other things the phenomena of Nigeria’s paradoxical democratic problem of corruption, bribery, ignorance, lack of political ideology and economic stabilization by Nigeria’s presidents, legislatures and other stakeholders of economic and political areas.