BERKELEY PUBLICATIONS INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY EDUCATION RESEARCH (BJCER) (VOL. 13 NO. 8)
ISSN: 1930–6681 SEPTEMBER, 2020
Berkeley Research and Publications International,
Bayero University, Kano, PMB 3011, Kano State, Nigeria.
Nigeria, West-Africa. +234-708-717-3247
CHALLENGES AFFECTING THE IMPLEMENTATION OF STRATEGIC PLANS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN OTUOCHA EDUCATION ZONE OF ANAMBRA STATE
ONUORAH, H.C. (Ph.D)
Department of Educational Management and Policy, Faculty of Education, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka.
The study investigated the challenges affecting the implementation of strategic plans in secondary schools in Otuocha Education Zone of Anambra State. Two research questions guided the study and two hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study was a descriptive survey and the population of the study comprised 26 principals and 680 teachers in public secondary schools in Otuocha Education Zone of Anambra State. Through simple random sampling, the researcher sampled 30% of teachers in the Zone. The instrument of data collection was a structured questionnaire which was developed by the researcher and validated by three experts in education. Mean, standard deviation and t-test was used to analyze data for the study. Findings revealed that principals implement strategic plans in secondary schools in Otuocha Education Zone of Anambra State to a low extent. It was also revealed that non-availability of fund, poor institutional leadership, lack of qualified staff, lack of interest on the part of stakeholders, poor communication skills, poor knowledge of the strategy implementation plan, lack of teaching resources and lack of physical facilities are some of the challenges affecting the implementation of strategic plans in secondary schools in Otuocha Education Zone. Furthermore, there was no significant difference in the opinion of principals and teachers on the extent of implementation and challenges affecting the implementation of strategic plans in secondary schools in the Zone. It was recommended based on the findings that the Ministry of Education and the Post Primary School Service Commission should regularly organize training programmes (short courses, seminars, workshops and conferences) were principals will be educated on strategic planning and its implementation process in schools. It was also Principals are encouraged to be innovative in their thinking through improving their collaborative initiatives with private experts in the area of resource provision and development of the human capacity in their schools.
Keywords: Challenges, Affecting, Strategic Plans, Implementation, Secondary Schools
INFLUENCE OF RESOURCES ALLOCATION AND UTILIZATION ON TEACHERS’ EFFECTIVENESS IN PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN NASARAWA WEST SENATORIAL DISTRICT, NIGERIA.
YAKUBU, SANI; EMAKPOR, PETER CHUKS; & AGNES AJIBADE IYABO
Faculty of Education, Department of Education Management, Nasarawa State University, Keffi
The study examined influence of Resources Allocation and utilization on teachers’ Effectiveness in Public Secondary Schools in Nasarawa West senatorial District Nigeria. Three (3) research questions with corresponding objectives and two (2) null hypotheses were generated to guide the study. The study was guided by descriptive survey research. The population comprises 2, 211 principals and teachers drawn from 191 Public Secondary Schools in Nasarawa West Senatorial District, Nigeria. The sample for the study was 221 principals and teachers using simple random sampling technique. Self designed structured questionnaire was used for data collection. Descriptive statistics of Mean and Standard deviation was used to answer the research question. The null hypotheses were tested using chi-square at 0.05 level of significance. One of the findings of the study revealed that there is a significant influence of resource allocation on teachers’ effectiveness in Public Secondary Schools in Nasarawa West Senatorial District, Nigeria. One of the recommendations amongst others was that efforts should be made by Nasarawa State Government in conjunction with the State Ministry of Education to ensure that learning resources are supplied or made available to secondary schools in order to facilitate effective teaching and learning. The support and assistance Non-governmental organizations should also sought in this regard.
Keyword: Resources Allocation, Utilization, Teachers, Effectiveness and Schools.
ENTREPRENEURIAL TECHNICAL SKILLS REQUIRED BY BUILDING CRAFT STUDENTS IN TECHNICAL COLLEGES FOR ESTABLISHING SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES IN NIGERIA
JONATHAN CHINASA NWEKETE; AND ERNEST ITUMA EGBA
Department of Technology and Vocational Education, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki. PMB 53, Ebonyi State, Nigeria.
Entrepreneurial technical skills are the knowledge and expertise needed to accomplish complex tasks relating to computational and physical technology that make an individual achieve success in the world of work. There have been reports of increase of unemployability, unproductivity and unprofitability of the building technology graduates, probably due to adequate skill acquisition lapses. The building technology graduates need to exhibit exceptional abilities for the discharge of their responsibilities to the society, and to position them better in establishing Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs). This paper identified the entrepreneurial technical skills required by building craft students in technical colleges for establishing SMEs in Nigeria. The descriptive survey design was used for the study. The target population was all the building construction trades teachers and managers of technical workshops in technical colleges in Ebonyi state. A structured questionnaire in line with the formulated two research questions was used to guide the study. The statistical mean, standard deviation, and t-test analysis were used to analyze the data. Findings of the study showed that building construction entrepreneurial technical skills like choosing appropriate foundation and building renovation entrepreneurial technical skills like ability to carry out housing evaluation are essential to building craft students for establishing SMEs in Nigeria. The paper recommended that constant seminars and workshops should be organized for trainees and teachers in technical colleges on the need of acquiring entrepreneurial skills. The findings of the study could be applied in building technology education and other training outfits for adequate equipping of the trainees towards optimum building project delivery.
Keywords: Entrepreneurship, Technical skills, Building craft, Small and medium scale enterprises, Technical colleges.
ROLE OF SEX, AGE DIFFERENCE AND LEVELS OF STUDY IN STRESS RESPONSE AMONG UNDERGRADUATES OF BENUE STATE UNIVERSITY, MAKURDI
*JOMBO-MBA AMARACHI; **DANIEL BENJAMIN SAANYOL; & ***ANDOOR TERFA
*Department of Education Foundation, Faculty of Education, University of Nigeria Nsukka **Department of Community Health, IHSAN College of Health Science and Technology Azare, Bauchi State ***Government secondary school Luvu Madaki, Karu, Nasarawa State.
Stress is a natural phenomenon that human beings experience. People experience different level of stress in their life. This study was aimed at assessing the role of sex, age difference and level of study in stress response among undergraduate students of Benue state university, Makurdi. A random selection method was employed. A total of 126 (64%) males and 71 (26%) females took part in the study. Their ages ranged from 18-40 years with the mean age of 1.3604 and a SD of 48134. The statistical analysis involved the use of t-test; and Spearman’s rho correlation; a Stanford acute stress reaction questionnaire designed in (1991) was used for data collection. The findings showed that there is a significant relationship between levels of study and response in stress. The findings also showed no statistical difference between male and female in response to stress among undergraduates; and no significant relationship between age and response in stress among undergraduates;. These findings were discussed within the framework of sex, age and levels of study.
Keywords: Age difference, Level of Study, Sex, Stress, Undergraduates
ACHIEVING NATIONAL CONSCIOUSNESS THROUGH TEACHING AND LEARNING OF ENGLISH IN KATAGUM LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, BAUCHI STATE: ISSUES, CHALLENGES AND PROSPECTS
AMINA BELLO KATAGUM
GSE Department of School of Education, Aminu Saleh College of Education Azare, Bauchi State.
This study investigated achievement of national consciousness through teaching and learning of English. National consciousness focuses on fostering national unity, national development, national integration, patriotism, respect for diversity, to mention but a few. The purpose of the study was to examine strategies for achieving national consciousness through teaching and learning of English in Katagum Local Government Area, Bauchi State. The study employed survey research design. A sample of 60 teachers of English was drawn from the fifteen Secondary Schools that comprise both public and private schools. The purposive simple random sampling technique was used to select the public and private Secondary Schools and the study sample. The instrument used for study was a researcher-developed questionnaire, titled English for National Consciousness Questionnaire (ENCQ) that has fifteen items that addressed the three research questions that guided the study. The study adopted descriptive statistical analysis to analyze the raw data collected for the study using tables and simple percentage. The findings of the study revealed some of the challenges of teaching and learning of English in the midst of cultural diversities in achieving national consciousness which include, negative influence of Nigerian indigenous languages on English; high preference of ethnic language to English language; and inadequacy of competent Teachers of English. The findings of the study showed that English language serves as a common language to all Nigerians; reduces cultural diversities; leads to uniting all ethnic languages in the country; promotes national socio-economic activities in midst of cultural diversities as well as links Nigerians to other lingua franca countries. The findings of the study established employment of qualified or competent teachers of English, establishment of adult formal education centres, organization of academic seminars as well as debate competition, and engagement of literary scholars in writing prose, drama or poems that focus on national consciousness as some of strategies for achieving national consciousness through the teaching and learning of English. The study recommends inclusion of national consciousness into Nigerian educational curricula and among others.
Keywords: English Language, Indigenous Languages, National Consciousness, Strategies, Teaching.
EFFECTIVE AND EFFICIENT PHYSICAL EDUCATION TEACHERS AS DETERMINANT OF PHYSICAL FITNESS LEVEL AMONG BICHI SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN KANO STATE, NIGERIA.
Federal College of Education (T) Bichi P.M.B. 3734, Physical and Health Education Department FCE (T) Bichi, Kano State, Nigeria.
Human potential and material resources can be harnessed through Effective and efficient physical sports education. This paper therefore highlights objectives of physical education is to promote physical fitness to the highest level among the participant. Qualified Physical education teachers have the responsibility as role model with determinant lifestyle that promote fitness behavior among secondary schools in Bichi. The paper enumerates gains which students may experience as a result of participating in regular, vigorous exercises. The paper view inadequate and inappropriate preparation has been identified as a major barrier for a generalist to produce a quality physical education program as prescribed by the curriculum. The researcher uses descriptive survey research design and self-developed questionnaire with four 4-point likert rating scale used to collect data for the study. This implies that experience of physical education teacher will significantly determine physical fitness level of the students. Recommendations measures that can ensure better quality of life for everyone now and tomorrow are also highlighted. Adequate training and retaining sportsmen for laying solid foundation from primary to tertiary level was also advocated. Government should make efforts at improving the attitude of students to practical classes by providing physical fitness laboratories for practical’s, so that the learning experiences of the students can become more meaningful and at the same time interesting. The paper concludes on a hopeful note that problems which could impede the successes can overcome through proper planning
Keywords: Efficient, Physical, Education, Teachers, Determinant.
CHALLENGES AND PROSPECTS OF VIRTUAL LEARNING IN NIGERIA
Federal College of Education Technical Gombe, Gombe State, Nigeria.
The 21st century woke up to the challenges of a global pandemic known as COVID – 19 which impacted the world in every sphere of development. Education is one of such aspects. The attendant lockdown and restriction of movement forced schools to be closed for many months. Teaching and learning could no longer take place in the traditional classroom environment. There was a surge in the use of Virtual learning globally to revolutionize education in order to curtail the negative effects as a result of disruption of schooling due to long periods of lockdown. This paper is therefore a critical review of the challenges and prospects of virtual learning in Nigeria. The paper concluded that virtual learning has emerged as a necessary revolution in education during and in the past Covid-19 era. It is recommended among others that government as well as stake holders in education, should as a matter of urgency improve on power supply, ICT facilities, internet connectivity and training for teachers if Nigeria is to move with global trend.
Keywords: Virtual learning, challenges, prospects, Nigeria
COMPARING E-PRINT AND FEDORA DIGITAL LIBRARY SOFTWARE E-PRINT OR FEDORA??? A BETTER OPEN SOURCE REPOSITORY PLATFORM FOR LIBRARIES
DIKUMA MOHAMMED IBRAHIM
Fane-fane library, Mai Idris Alooma Polytechnic, Geidam Yobe State Nigeria.
Judicious system analysis is essential in considering budget allocations to libraries. This paper studies two open-source digital library software namely E-print and Fedora. The present study compares and highlights the similarities among the software. The paper attempts to suggest based on the merits and demerits to enable librarians to take wiser decision in terms of open sources software for a repository.
Keywords: ICT, opens sources software, Digital library, E-print and Fedora
INFLUENCE OF PEER PRESSURE ON STUDENT’S ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SENIOR SECONDAY SCHOOL MATHEMATICS
*LUKA JOSHUA; AND **EZEKIEL ZAKKA
*Mathematics and Statistics Department, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi Nigeria **Mathematics and Statistics Department, Abubakar Tatari Ali Polyrechnic, Bauchi Nigeria
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of peer pressure on student’s academic performance in senior secondary school mathematics. The study was limited to ten secondary schools (five public and five private) in Bauchi metropolis. Two research questions and one hypothesis guided the study. Ex-post facto research design was used; a multi-stage sampling procedure was adopted to select ten secondary schools and thirty SS II students for the study. The instrument used to collect data was structured questionnaire, mean and standard deviation were used to answer research question one, while Pearson product moment correlation was used for research question two. Multiple regression analysis was applied to test the hypothesis. Results of the study showed that higher percentage of students experienced a high level of peer pressure; there exist a negative relationship between peer pressure and student’s academic performance in mathematics and that peer pressure significantly influence academic performance in mathematics. It was recommended among others that school councilors should counsel students with negative peer pressure to avoid poor academic performance in Mathematics and other subjects.
Keywords: Influence, Academic Performance, Peer- Pressure
INFUSION OF ONLINE LEARNING: INTEGRATED SCIENCE STUDENTS’ PERCEPTION ON ITS APPLICATION FOR MOTIVATION AND LEARNING PROCESS IN COLLEGE OF EDUCATION, IKERE-EKITI, NIGERIA.
OGUNYEBI, TUNJI HENRY
Department of Integrated Science, College of Education, Ikere, Ekiti state.
Online learning requires a reconstruction of the roles, responsibilities, and practices of online instructors and their online students, which has become a reality that transcends the educational environment. So the objective of this study is to investigate the strength of the relationship between online-learning and students’ motivation and learning process among students participating in the research. This study investigated the perception of Integrated Science students on online-learning process in College of Education, Ikere-Ekiti, Nigeria using NCE 1-3 in the department. The study comprises students from NCE 1-3 in the department of Integrated science. A random sampling technique was used to select 70 students from each level of study, making a total of 210 students. Four research questions were raised to guide the study and the data collected was analyzed using descriptive statistics. The study revealed that online-learning has motivated students learning. The study further revealed that online learning facilitates effective teaching and learning process in the institution and the level of exposure of students to online learning is minimal due to inadequate online learning tools. Based on the findings, it was recommended that adequate online facilities and device should be provided for students. It was also recommended that online learning should be infused and promoted in higher institutions and students should be orientated and retrained on the use of online learning technique. Lecturers should also be encouraged to regularly utilize online platforms for teaching, rating and assessment among others for effective motivation and learning.
Keywords: Online-Learning, Infusion, Motivation, Perception
PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS OF TEACHING LEXIS AND STRUCTURE IN SOME SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN IBARAPA CENTRAL LOCAL GOVERNMENT, OYO STATE
SULYMON JIMOH ALANI
Department of English, the College of Education, Lanlate, Oyo State, Nigeria
The study examines the problems and prospects of teaching Lexis and Structures in some selected Senior Secondary Schools in Ibarapa Central Local Government Area of Oyo State. The researcher sought information through the use of questionnaires. In analyzing the data, the researcher used frequencies and percentages. The results of findings show that most of the hypotheses of the study are upheld to be true in that it is proven going by the data collected that teacher’s attitude to Lexis and Structures is a negative one. It is the conviction of the researcher that this part of the English Language study is the bedrock of English. As teachers are more and more becoming aware of this aspect, efforts should be made towards ensuring students’ mastery of it. With these recommendations adhered to, it is certain that the hitherto elusive prospects of this aspect will be fully realized.
Keywords: Prospects, Teaching, Lexis, Structure, Secondary Schools.
NEW TECHNOLOGIES AND BUSINESS EDUCATION: ERGONOMIC APPLICATION IN THE STATE PUBLIC TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS IN IBARAPA REGION
Department of Business Education, the College of Education, Lanlate, Oyo State.
This paper looks into the need to create awareness among Business Education lecturers of the fact that the use of technologies has associated risks if necessary infrastructures are not provided and if preventive measures are not taken. Being a survey research, two research questions and one hypothesis were generated to guide the study. The population for the study consisted of Business Education lecturers from the State public tertiary institutions in Ibarapa Region of Oyo State. All Business Education lecturers formed the population and sample for the study. Questionnaire was used as the instrument which was validated by business education experts and tested for reliability using test-re-test method and a reliability coefficient of 0.78 was obtained. Results revealed that academic activities and environment are not well designed, that lecturers do not have access to new technologies and that they do not experience any health problem as a result of using technologies. This is because they do not use them. The hypothesis was tested at 0.05 level of significance and revealed that there is no significant difference between the responses of male and female lecturers on problems arising from the use of new technologies. The study concluded that since health of workers (lecturers) is irretrievably bound to their academic productivity and success, there is the need for tertiary institutions in Oyo State to provide well-designed academic activities and environment and take more proactive steps in preventing injuries at work in order to enable lecturers perform effectively and efficiently.
Keywords: business education, ergonomics, technology, workplace.
IMPACT OF COVID 19 ON THE EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA
DR USMAN JIMOH ABDULKAREEM
Kwara State College of Education, Oro.
Nigeria contributes approximately 20% of the total global out-of-school population. Therefore, there was struggle going on prior to COVID-19 to ensure young children stay in school and have access to proper education. On 19 March 2020, the Federal Ministry of Education approved school closures as a response to the pandemic. The pandemic has unmasked substantial inequities in the education sector. The COVID-19 pandemic is revolutionizing digital and online education globally but children in rural and underserved communities in many parts of the country, are being left behind because they are not equipped to adapt or transition to the new methods of learning. Private and non-governmental sectors are tirelessly working to salvage this situation. However, one major issue that may stem from this inequality is that, the children who are currently cannot keep up with their peers because of inaccessibility to digital tools may never catch up and will continue to feel the effect of this gap long after the pandemic is over. This paper therefore analyses the above mentioned problems as well as looked into how these problems could be stemmed down. It also argues for strategies that could be adopted after the resumption of schools. The researcher relies on context analysis and employs secondary data such as published and unpublished materials like text books, journals, newspapers and internet materials to gather and analyse the required data. Based on the above, the researcher recommended among others that Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) and government can do much to improve the quality of, and increase access to, education for poor children in underserved communities. The government could further mitigate the negative impacts of COVID-19 on education by providing solar-powered educational devices, pre-loaded with offline academic resources to students in disadvantaged and vulnerable communities, such as the tablets used in Sun Books project.
Keywords: COVID-19, Development, Education, vulnerable communities
TEACHERS PERCEPTION ON THE USE OF MULTIMEDIA RESOURCES FOR EFFECTIVE TEACHING AND LEARNING IN EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION IN ASABA DELTA STATE
OKONKWO, NGOZI CHIAGOZIE
Department of Primary Education, Federal College of Education, (Technical) Asaba
This study focused on the perception of teachers on the use of multimedia resources for effective teaching and learning in Early Childhood education. Specifically, the study aimed at finding out the extent to which teachers make use of multimedia resources in teaching and challenges facing teachers in the utilization of multimedia resources in teaching Early Childhood Education. Three research questions guided the study. The study adopted the descriptive survey research design. The population was made up of 192 Early Childhood teachers in Asaba Urban. Simple random techniques were used to select 96 nursery school teachers from the 24 public nursery schools in Asaba Urban. Structured questionnaire consisting of 20 items was raised to gather information from respondents. The questionnaire titled:‘Teachers Perception on the use of Multimedia Resources for Effective Teaching and Learning in Early Childhood Education’ (TPMRETLECE). Data collected was analyzed using mean. Findings revealed that teachers were in agreement that the cost of multimedia resources is too high and that poor electricity supply affects the usage of multimedia resources. Findings shows that these multimedia resources are inadequate in public schools in Asaba Urban. It was recommended that adequate multimedia resource materials should be provided by government to ensure effective learning.
Keywords: Teachers, Perception, Multimedia, Teaching, learning, Early Childhood
TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATION AND PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCIES REQUIRED OF BUSINESS EDUCATION FOR ACQUISITION OF FUNCTIONAL SKILLS AND SELF EMPLOYMENT
LASISI FATAI BOLANLE
School of Vocational and Technical Programmes, Department of Business Education, Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, P.M.B. 1010, Oyo
The important role which business educators play as a veritable tool for the growth and sustainable development of the global world cannot be over emphasized. There has been an action for more qualitative and functional education all over the global world. Business education which is skills oriented for self efficiency and acquisition of functional skills hold the key to Nigeria becoming technologically relevant and economically prosperous if systematically packaged and adequately delivered. Business Education prepares students for occupations in administrations office systems, accounting, finance, marketing management and computer information system, business education equip youths with appropriate skills, knowledge, abilities and competencies that can enable the individuals to be self employed and self-reliant, leading to sustainable economic development. This paper adopted descriptive survey, observation and interview method from both primary and secondary sources to provide the basis for the theoretical and conceptual framework for the study. This approach is best for the paper because it sought the opinions of wide range of scholars on technological innovative and professional competencies required of business education for acquisition of functional skills for self employment. This paper therefore focused on technological innovation and professional competencies required for acquisition of functional skills . Recommendations were made towards achieving functional skills by means of self employment motivation through business education.
Keywords: Teaching Innovation, Business Education, Professional Competencies, Skills Acquisitions, Functional Skills and Self Employment
THE CATALOGUING CHALLENGES FACED BY CATALOGUERS IN THE DIGITAL AGE IN NIGERIA
BALA SULEIMAN ABDUL; IBRAHIM USMAN; ADAMU IBRAHIM; & ABDULAZIZ SULE MOH’D
Department of Library and Information Science, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi.
The paper examines the challenges faced by cataloguers in this age of Information explosion, Information Communication Technology and the library, the catalogue and the cataloguer, how then do these technologies affect us presently, AACR2 and the challenges in cataloguing RDA in Nigerian libraries.
Keywords: cataloguing, RDA, digital environment, metadata, Nigeria.
DISCIPLINARY PROCEDURES AS ANTIDOTE TO INDISCIPLINE AMONG ACADEMIC STAFF MEMBERS IN NIGERIAN UNIVERSITIES: AN EMPIRICAL INVESTIGATION
1OLAIGBE TAOFEEQ. A, 2OYEWOLE FELICIA. A, 3OLAOYE, BOSEDE. O
1Department of General Studies, the Polytechnic, Ibadan, Nigeria 2Department of Purchasing and Supply, Osun State Polytechnic, Iree, Nigeria 3Department of Business Administration and Management, OSun State Polytechnic, Iree, Nigeria
This study assessed the extent the disciplinary procedures influence indiscipline in Nigerian universities with particular reference to the universities in the southwest. A descriptive survey design was used for this research. Purposive random sampling technique was used to select nine tertiary institutions While simple random sampling was used to select three hundred and eighty-four (384) academic staff members from the total population of nine thousand six hundred and nineteen (9, 619) academic staff members. Results revealed that formal proceedings and summary proceedings were the disciplinary procedures employed by the university authority. Results also showed that the implementation of transparent disciplinary procedures has a positive and significant relationship with abatement of indiscipline in Nigerian Universities. Furthermore, the result revealed that personal interest, Lack of enough fact to about employee’s problems, social problems, and political and top management interference are major challenges management face to institute disciplinary procedures in Nigerian Universities. Subsequently, the study recommended that each and every academic staff should be given a copy of disciplinary procedures, and staff should be encouraged to read it regularly. Also, management should not be influenced by personal interests and politicians in taking appropriate actions.
Keywords: Disciplinary Procedures, Commitment, Formal Proceeding, Summary Proceeding,
AWAKENING FOR 21ST CENTURY CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES WITH THE USE OF ICT BASED VIRTUAL ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY TO TEACH EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION OF CHILDREN WITH LEARNING CHALLENGES IN PANDEMIC CHALLENGED SOCIETY
I.K. OJUOPE1, A.O. ADETUNMBI2, O.E. OYINLOYE3
1Department of Computer Science, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare, Bauchi State, Nigeria. 2Department of Computer Science, Federal University of Technology, Akure, P.M.B. 704, Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria. 3Department of Computer Science, Ekiti State Univerversity, Ado Ekiti, Nigeria.
COVID 19 Corona virus pandemic disease has brought about the challenge of using Information and Communication Technology (ICT) based virtual Technology in teaching and learning systems. The use of ICT in education is nothing new, but the question is where the limit is when the use of ICT does not have the desired effect, classroom delivery with the use of modern technology is still very low in Nigeria. From the report of World Health Organization (WHO) and World Bank (2011), physically challenged persons carry a significant proportion of the world’s population, about 15%, as a result of differences in educational standard to the normal individuals, they are rarely seen as contributor to productive human capital development of the Society. Most of the Learning Challenged children access to education, this is as a result of several challenges they face in learning and comprehension. Most schools curricula were developed without considering the fact that, different categories of students including people living with learning challenges will also make use of them. This was never put into consideration during the requirement specification of those curriculum. This paper focuses on the use of ICT based virtual assistive Technology to teach early childhood education children with learning challenges most especially during this COVID 19 pandemic challenges. This will enhance the learning ability of this category of Students and also motivate their desire to learn. This research work was carried in one of the government school for handicap children in Nigeria. From the learning ability testing of the research, it was discovered that the students learn faster and easier with the use of ICT base assistive technology than normal classroom learning. As a result of this, this paper focus on comparing level of efficiency of the ICT base virtual reality assistive technology over normal classroom learning for these categories of Students.
Keywords: Early-Childhood, Education, Pandemic Disease, Intellectual Challenges, Virtual Reality, Assistive Technology, ICT, Teaching, Learning.
THE EFFECTS OF MALLEABLE SOCIAL MEDIA IN TEACHING/LEARNING WRITTEN ENGLISH AMID COVID-19 LOCK-DOWN IN NIGERIA
*BABA, LYDIA; AND **AGBO, DAVID OKLO
*Niger State College of Education, Minna, Niger State **Federal University of Kashere, Faculty of Education, Department Arts and Social Science Education, Gombe State.
The study seeks to examine the effects of Malleable Social Media in the Teaching and Learning Written English amid Covid 19 in Nigeria. one Research question guided the study. To achieve this, the descriptive survey research design was adopted. The study focused on the pupils of Blossom Educational School; hence, population consists of all the 310 pupils who were involved in the online during the lock down. The simple random sampling technique was used to select a sample of 60 students. A Questionnaire was used to collect data from the parents of pupils and teachers who participated in the online lesson. Simple percentage was used. Research findings showed that social media is affecting a great number of pupils positively in the aspect of written English. To this end, the researcher recommended that social media should be used for educational purposes as well; Social Networking Sites should be expanded and new pages should be created to enhance academic activities and avoid setbacks in the students’ academic performance; and Students should be guided by teachers and parents on how they use these social media. This is to create a balance between social media and academic activities of students to avoid setbacks in the academic performance of the students in the aspect of written English.
ASSESSMENT OF PRINCIPALS’ SUPERVISORY PRACTICE ON TEACHERS’ PRODUCTIVITY IN PUBLIC SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN BAUCHI
AHMAD SALEH SALEH
Adamu Tafawa Balewa College of Education Kangere, Bauchi Bauchi State.
The study was conducted to examine the principals’ supervisory practices on teachers’ productivity in Bauchi state public senior secondary schools. Four Research questions and four null hypotheses were formulated on the subjects examined. Descriptive survey research design was employed for the study, the area of the study was Bauchi state, the population of the study was four thousand nine hundred and eighty four (4,984) public senior secondary school principals and teachers, Proportionate random sampling technique was used to select participants based on the Research Advisor Table(2006) recommendations, and sample size was found to be of 357 respondents. The instrument for data collection was called Supervisory Practices Questionnaire. (SPQ) was used as the instrument for data collection developed by the researcher. Supervisory Practices Questionnaire (SPQ) was measured on five point rating scale. The questionnaire was subjected to face validation by Four experts in the field of Educational Foundation, The questionnaire was subjected to pilot study using Cronbach Alpha statistics and the reliability co-efficient was found to be 0.8, Method of Data Analysis. Mean () and standard deviation (SD) was used to answer the four research questions while independent sample t- test was used to test the four null hypotheses , the study found that the principals’ supervisory practices on teachers’ lesson preparation are Principals supervised teachers’ scheme of work and principals checked teachers’ lesson plan but there is significant difference in the opinion of principals and teachers on the principals’ supervisory practice and teachers’ lesson preparation , therefore the study recommended that The school principals should provide professional instructional guidance to the teachers. In doing so, the goals and objectives of the school can be attained
Keyword: Assessment, Principals’, Supervisory, Teachers’ and productivity
PRODUCTION OF OIL FROM SESAME (BENNISEED) THROUGH SOHLEX EXTRACTION AND ITS BENEFIT
DAHUNSI TAIWO O. PHD AND OLAWUWO ADEBOOLA F
FCT College of Education Zuba Abuja.
The paper examined the processes involved in production of oil from sesame seed through sohlex extraction, N-hexane (Cyclohexane) was used as a solvent. Different variables of sesame seeds were investigated in term of particle sizes, ratio of solvent to seeds mass and quantity of oils produced from the process. The nutritional value of the oils equally discussed, such as Calcium, Phosphorous, Magnesium, and Potassium in large amounts and it also contain vitamins such as Niacin, Thiamin, Riboflavin and vitamin B-6 oil content and Fatty acid composition in Sesame seeds were examined and Modification of fatty acid composition in sesame oils also discussed. In the course of production, the process faced with some challenges like, lack of improved cultivars, poor seed supply system and poor management practices. Oil has some health benefit such as it provide proteins, vitamins and amino acids. Due to certain challenges identified from production process some recommendations were made and with its numerous benefits the researchers deem it fit to pass the information to our youth to engage in the production of sesame seeds to reduce unemployment rate in the country
Keywords: Extraction method, Nutrition, Sesame seed, Sesame oil, Sohlex, Solvent
ENGLISH TEACHERS’ ATTITUDE TOWARDS THE EXPECTED UTILIZATION OF PERTINENT INSTRUCTIONAL MEDIA AT THE ORDINARY LEVEL SCHOOL CLASSES: THE NIGERIAN POST PRIMARY SCHOOL CLASS SITUATION
AHMAD MUHAMMAD MAHMOUD AND ALIYU MOHAMMED NASIRU
School of Languages, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare
This research work has been embarked upon by the researcher as a result of negligence by almost all of the Nigerian secondary school teachers, particularly those of some selected areas where the researcher had opportunity to reach, for not effectively making use of pertinent instructional media in their English lesson classrooms. The researcher applied relevant methodology with appropriate instrument via which the necessary data was gotten and which directly proved the findings that the secondary school English teachers in Nigeria do not have the materials and are not encouraged and trained to improvise. State ministries of education, universal basic education boards and federal ministry of education care not to provide such materials to the schools nor do they urge the secondary school principals to make sure that the English teachers improvise and make use of pertinent instructional media when teaching English language in their various classrooms. With the aid of the results realised, the researcher suggests that the authorities concern should provide modern instructional materials for teaching English to secondary schools in Nigeria and give training and encouragement to teachers in both urban and rural areas to improvise in the absence of governmental intervention on the task. The Federal Ministry of Education has to ensure provision of all types of instructional materials especially those meant for teaching language, and put compulsion in its utilization.
Keywords: English language in Nigeria, Types of instructional materials, instructional media for English lessons.