Berkeley Journal of African Research & Sustainability Studies Vol. 20 No.2


BERKELEY INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF AFRICAN RESEARCH AND SUSTAINABILITY STUDIES (BJARSS)

VOL. 20 NO. 2 – DECEMBER, 2022


Published by:

Berkeley Research and Publications International,

Bayero University, Kano, PMB 3011, Kano State, Nigeria.

Email: berkeleynigeriapublications@gmail.com


PAPERS:


ESTIMATION OF WIND LOAD AND WIND POWER DENSITY FOR SOME SELECTED CITIES IN NIGERIA BASED ON TWO PARAMETRIC MODELS

 

P.J MANGA1, MUHAMMED MAINA2, D.S BUTEH3, R.O AMUSAT4

1&4Department of physics, University of Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria. 2School of Agric & Applied Sciences, Department of Science Laboratory Technology, Ramat Polytechnic, Borno State-Nigeria. 3Department of Chemistry, Adamu Tafawa Balewa College of Education Kangere, Bauchi

 

ABSTRACT

Wind is freely available in all seasons and locations without seasonal variations, unlike the hydropower plant that can provide steady electricity during raining season, if not, load shedding. In this study, we used two models based on the Weibull probability distribution function (PDF) and log-normal probability distribution functions (PDF) to predict the wind characteristics of two selected stations (Abuja, Plateau, Bauchi, Maiduguri, Katsina, Sokoto, Enugu, Owerri, Cross River, Benin City, Abeokuta, and Lagos) across the six geopolitical zones in Nigeria. We also estimate wind load, wind power density, shape parameters, and scale parameters for each geopolitical zones in Nigeria. Twenty years (2000 – 2020) of average wind speed data were used and obtained at NIMET Headquarters Abuja. The wind speed data were fitted with the Weibull probability distribution function (pdf) and log-normal probability distribution function (pdf) governed by statistical analysis to predict which model is found to be the best fit for a particular location. The result of root means square error (RMSE) and coefficient of the goodness of fit (R2) show that both models are positively and strongly correlated with a value ranging from 0.6813 – 0.9827 and 0.6542 – 0.9919. The computed wind load for North – East, North – West, North – Central, South – South, South – West, and South – East were given as 1.149(kN/m2), 2.196(kN/m2), 1.098(kN/m2), 0.026(kN/m2), 0.879(kN/m2)  and 0.529(kN/m2) respectively. Similarly the computed wind power density for North – East, North – West, North – Central, South – South, South – West, and South – East as 17.201 (W/m2), 17.453 (W/m2), 8.744 (W/m2), 3.396 (W/m2), 7.643 (W/m2) and 5.759 (W/m2) respectively. The results of this study can be used for surface wind electrification. 

Keywords: wind speed; wind load; wind power density; log-normal probability distribution function and Weibull probability distribution function.

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ANTI-CORRUPTION, DEMOCRACY AND DEVELOPMENT: AN EXPLORATION OF BUHARI’S ADMINISTRATION

 

*DR. ADAMU MOHAMMED; **ABBAS ILIYASU WALI; & **AKILU MIKAILU

*Department of Political Science, Faculty of Management and Social Sciences, Federal University Gusau, Zamfara State. **Department of Political Science, Faculty of Social and Management Sciences, Umaru Musa Yar’adua University, Katsina, Katsina State

 

ABSTRACT

This paper investigates Anti-Corruption, Democracy and Development; an Exploration of Buhari’s Administration. Corruption has eaten deep into the fabrics of the Nigerian society and no economy thrives in it. The question, therefore, is whether the fight against corruption and corrupt practices in Nigeria by President Buhari is a reality or mere rhetoric, a gimmick to deceive the populace again like his predecessors. And, what would be the impact of this war on the masses who have been impoverished by the political leaders through the act and science of corruption that made him, President Buhari to state that ”if  Nigeria does not kill corruption, this number one enemy may eventually kill Nigeria.” The causes of corruption are from various institutional and political factors stemming from the flowed structure and monopoly of the economy by the federal government. Its effects on the nations socio-political and economic development are numerous and devastating.  It has damaged the image of the country abroad to the extent that Nigeria is tagged as one of the most corrupt countries in the world. This has discouraged foreign investors and caused inflation and the depreciation of our currency. On a final note, the fight against corruption  in Nigeria by the Buhari administration is  being encouraging indeed; but it should  be  holistic  and  transparent,  not  targeting  only  a  section  of the  country,  a  particular political party members and or his passive enemies if he wants Nigerians to believe and have faith in his war against corruption.

Keywords: Anti-corruption, Corruption, Democracy, development, Buhari Administration.

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EFFECT OF BANK LOAN ON SMALL BUSINESS EXPANSION IN BAUCHI STATE

 

1RAYYAN YUSUF; 2SHEHU MUHAMMAD JAMILU; & 3RASAK LUKMAN

1Department of Business Administration, Federal University Kashere, Gombe State. Nigeria. 2Department of Business Education, Faculty of Vocation and Technical Education, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi, Bauchi State. Nigeria. 3Department of Accounting and Finance, Faculty of Management Sciences, Federal University Kashere, Gombe State. Nigeria.

 

ABSTRACT

The mutual banking relationship between bank loan and small business expansion in Bauchi Metropolis was explored in this study. The Yamane formula was used in the study to arrive at a sample size of 300. The simple random sampling method was employed for the selection of small businesses, with 300 self-administered questionnaires sent. However, 200 people answered and obtained information from small businesses that had or were receiving bank loans. The data for this study came from a primary source. The questionnaire employed in this study was a five-point likert-scale that had been verified. The hypothesis of the influence of bank loans on small business expansion was tested using linear regression. According to the findings of the study, bank loans had a considerable positive impact on small business expansion in Bauchi Metropolis. Finally, small businesses want to regard bank loans as mutually inclusive. The study recommended that small businesses maintain ongoing banking relationships with banks in order to gain simple access to bank loans for small business expansion, and that banks not disregard small business loan requests.

Keywords: Bank, Loan, Business, Business Expansion, Bauchi Metropolis

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THEORIZING GENDER-BASED VIOLENCE IN NIGERIA

 

GODWIN AGABA OCHUBE

Department of Sociology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria

 

ABSTRACT

Gender-Based Violence GBV is predominant in almost every human societies, and more especially in developing country like Nigeria. Different predisposing factors such as age, income, gender and cultural practices contributes to aggressive and violent behaviour on the basis of gender in Nigeria. Often times aggressive behaviors and practices endangers victims thereby leading to psychological trauma, poor physical health and even death. The paper proceeded through a secondary search methodology by evaluating the arguments of Social Learning Theory and Feminist Theory on GBV. The paper concluded with recommendations on proper socialization within the family on the effects of gender-based violence and the needs for victims to speak out and seeking for help. It also, advocates for the repealing of obsolete laws and cultural practices that impedes equality and development of both boys and girls in the society.

Keywords: Gender, Violence, Socialization, Culture, Feminism, Social Learning

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THE CONSTRUCTION IMPACT OF USING LOW-QUALITY PIT AND RIVER SAND IN BUILDING AND FINISHING OF PROJECTS IN ABUJA CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

 

*PROF. YAYOK P. K (PhD); **GODWIN A. AGI; ***ALIYU MOHAMMAD; ****KUZAYET SHAIBU SANI

*Nile University of Nigeria, Abuja; **Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN), Abuja – FCT. ***Federal Road Maintenance Agency (FERMA) Abuja. ****Rivers State Polytechnic, Bori, Rivers State.

 

ABSTRACT

The article on the construction impact of using low-quality sharp sand (pit sand) and plaster sand (river sand) in Abuja on the building and finishing of projects explored how the use of low – quality pit and river sand affects the building and finishing of construction projects in Abuja. This research presents the quality of the bad and good sand used for construction projects in Abuja as well as the quality of manufactured as an alternative to natural pit and river sands. This research takes on a conceptual framework of considering the impact of both pit and river sand in their different forms and also manufactured sand on residential projects. One hundred and fifty structured questionnaires were distributed out of which 107 responded representing 71%. Descriptive statistics was used for analysis. Most of the respondents to the questionnaires were civil engineers with an experience level between 16-20 years which help improved and galvanizing the results gotten from the survey. The survey research design method was used and the appropriate same sampling technique – cluster sampling was applied. The methods for the analysis of data were tables, simple percentages and the Relative Importance Index (RII). The findings revealed that sand with high silt content is very unfit for building and finishing of construction projects as it reduces durability whereby the most acceptable quality of sand is the sand to produces good and workable mix with appropriate quantity of water. Also, the best source of sand for site works are well blended quarry sand (otherwise known as manufactured sand). By using this sand, one can get the best all-round and expected results desired for any construction project. The research concluded that as much as sand is very important for construction projects, the site managers should not accept low profiling sand in the name of saving cost as the long-term effect of using such sands are devastative and unfit for quality control in the construction industry. Time and professional acumen are necessary for profitable construction projects. The blending of experience, good taste and professional dexterity cannot be jettisoned in achieving the desire results. Manufactured sand has been proven to be the best for the Abuja construction industry followed by sharp river sand. Base on the aforesaid, it is recommended that necessary quality control measures be put in place to crosscheck the check and quality of sand to be used for building and finishing of construction projects. It is also averred that there is the great need to motivate and encourage professionals in the construction industry through good emoluments and support from the clients and owners of construction projects to explore the use of manufactured sand for all construction purposes.

Keywords: Silt, Pit, River and manufactured sands, construction industry and construction projects.

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CHALLENGES OF ENGLISH-MEDIUM INSTRUCTION IN HIGER EDUCATION AND THE USE OF DIGITAL TECHNOLOGY

 

HALIMA SHEHU; & AMINA G. TAFIDA

General Studies, School of Science and Technology Education, Federal University of Technology, Minna

 

ABSTRACT

The language medium used for teaching and learning is a critical factor for academic success because of the close connection between language proficiency and academic competence.  The use of English-medium instruction (EMI) as found in higher education in Nigeria is also a world-wide phenomenon through which advanced concepts are expressed. However, in spite of the prevalence of the use of EMI to teach content in non-language related courses at this level and the important role it plays in learning outcomes, it is an under-research field. Therefore, based on Spolsky’s (1989) model of second language learning which describes how learners’ social context, attitudes and motivations, formal and informal learning opportunities interact to determine the quality of language and content learning as well as his theory on language policy formulation and management, EMI in Nigeria is examined. Taking into account how teaching and learning in higher education courses are impacted by government policy as well as the challenges experienced by students and teachers, this study attempts to assess how effectively national learning goals are being achieved. Attention is then drawn to how digital technology can address identified problems and advance effective language use in content learning.

Keywords: English-medium instruction, Higher Education, Content Learning, Digital Technology

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DYNAMICS OF LAND USE AND LAND COVER AND IT IMPACT ON URBAN FLOODING IN PARTS OF BWARI AREA COUNCIL, FEDERAL CAPITAL TERRITORY, NIGERIA

 

MADU, A. O.; & PROF. AHMED SADAUKI ABUBAKAR

Department of Geography, Federal University of Technology Minna, Niger State. Nigeria

 

ABSTRACT

Rapid urbanization in cities and urban centres has recently contributed to notable land use/land cover (LULC) changes, affecting both the climate and environment resulting to flooding. Therefore, this paper seeks to analyze changes in LULC and its Impact on Urban Flooding in Parts of Bwari Area Council, Federal Capital Territory, Nigeria. To achieve this, Multi-temporal Landsat data was employed to monitor the study area’s LULC pattern lover the last 30years. The data used were Landsat TM, ETM+and OLI images (path and row 189/54 respectively) with a 30m spatial resolutions; for the periods 1990,2010 and 2020; and sourced from earth explore website of NASA. Idrisi and ArcGIS software were used for analysis, the maximum likelihood classification (MLC) algorithm was used for the urban Land cover classification. Also 144 questionnaires were distributed and analysed. The results of the analysis showed that the built up area was more prominent in the urbanized areas with that built-up areas have been on increase from (13.37%) in 1990 to (30.90%) in 2020 which has resulted in encroachment into the flood plain. 29.16% of the respondents says unplanned settlements is responsible for flooding. Owing to the constraints posed by availability and quality of data; to study the dynamics of city land cover; satellite based sensors with very high spatial resolution were recommended to enable highly detailed land use/cover, and ecological characterization of the urban environment of the city. Also, building close to the river banks and other vulnerable areas to floods should be discouraged to mitigate the adverse influence of LULC changes by ensuring sustainable land-use practices across the study areas

Keywords: Land Use and Land Cover, Flooding, Remote Sensing, Geographic Information System, Landsat image, MLC, OLI, TM, ETM+.

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ENHANCING THE POTENTIALS FOR YOUTH AGRIPRENEURSHIP AND INCLUSIVE AGRI – FOOD SYSTEMS IN SUB SAHARAN AFRICA: A CASE OF N2AFRICA BORNO PROJECT

 

S QUADRI; N. KAMAI; P. SILWAL; & F. KANAMPIU

International Institute of Tropical Agriculture

 

ABSTRACT

Currently around the globe, particularly in sub Saharan Africa, there is an increasing call for youth engagement in agriculture/agribusiness. The argument of proponents is hinged on the inherent demographic advantage but increasing joblessness, food insecurity and youth restiveness. This paper interrogates this position through the prism of the youth focused activities of N2Africa project in Borno State, Nigeria between 2014 and 2019. We propose an operational framework and model for youth engagement in agripreneurship with a remarkable influence on agri-food systems, and spill-over effect on rural economy, community resilience and cohesion. We discovered an emerging window for international research institutes to directly link research to development. Thus, through massive mind-set re-orientation and capacity building in science-driven agricultural production technologies, entrepreneurship development, internships, starter package, facilitation of access to credit, and mentorship in a unique model; the response of, and the impact on the targets have been impressive. The prevalence of insurgency and high level security concerns in the project area notwithstanding, there is a significant progress in breaking the myth around the drudgery and perpetual poverty associated with agriculture among the younger generation. About three hundred directly trained and empowered youth were employed in agricultural value chain enterprises, with an average cost-benefit ratio (CBR) of 1:1.3, and are most importantly creating job opportunities for other young men and women in Borno State.

Keywords: Agricultural value chain, Unemployment, Youth Agripreneurship.

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PERFORMANCE OF SOME SELECTED GRASS MULCHES ON ONION (ALLIUM CEPA L.) UNDER SPRINKLER IRRIGATION SYSTEM IN GWALLAMEJI, BAUCHI STATE

 

*SANI, M.; *SADIQ, Y.; *SAMUEL, E. B.; & **RAJI, S. G.

*Department of Agricultural and Bio-Environmental Engineering Technology, School of Agricultural Technology, Nuhu Bamalli Polytechnic, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria. **Maintenance and services Department, Bayero University Kano, Kano state, Nigeria.

 

ABSTRACT

There is a continual drive to conserve soil and water and improve irrigation efficiency in agriculture, especially in the Sahel and Sudan Savanna like Bauchi State, where water resources are limited and regulated. The adoption of soil and water conservation techniques has the potential to play a key role in increasing agricultural productivity, enhancing food security as well as Stimulating sustainable economic growth. Among the various methods used for soil and moisture conservation, mulching has been reported to be easiest and cheaper to the local farmer. Sprinkler Irrigation system may cause soil erosion where the application rate is high and where the soils are friable. This study aims at identifying the best mulching material and mulching thickness for the onion farmers in the state by evaluating the various types and thickness of some selected grass mulching materials under onion irrigated field using sprinkler irrigation system in Gwallameji, Bauchi State, Nigeria. The soil texture class for the study area is mainly sandy loam at the depth of 0-45cm, and partly clay loam at the depth beyond 45cm. Thus, it was concluded that the soil is homogenous within the rooting depth of the selected crop in this study. The maximum soil bulk density was 1.50 g/cm3 and minimum of 1.37g/cm3 which was well within the recommended range for onion production. From the results, Typha grass performed better in terms of soil moisture retention than the other two mulches (Gamba and Jema grasses). The highest WUE (65.5kg/ha/mm) at 5cm depth was recorded from plots treated with Typha grass, and the lowest (54.6kg/ha/mm) was recorded under Gamba grass. At 10cm depth, the highest value of WUE (86.7kg/ha/mm) was recorded from plots treated with Typha grass, and the lowest (61.9kg/ha/mm) was recorded under Gamba grass. Similarly, at 15cm depth, the highest WUE (76.3kg/ha/mm) was recorded from plots treated with Typha grass, and the lowest was recorded under Gamba grass (59.0kg/ha/mm). The control however recorded the lowest WUE (47.3kg/ha/mm).

KEYWORDS: Mulching, Sprinkler Irrigation, Typha, Gamba, Jema Grass, Bauchi

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SOCIO-ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF MAJOR VALUE CHAIN ACTORS AND ANALYSIS OF POST-HARVEST LOSS ON SELECTED VEGETABLES PRODUCTION IN ADAMAWA STATE, NIGERIA

 

*ROBERT, K.; & **SANI, R.  M.

*Government Day Secondary School Demsawo, Jimeta-Yola, Adamawa State, Nigeria. **Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture and Agricultural Technology, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria.

 

ABSTRACT

This studied the socio-economic characteristics of major value chain actors and analysis of post-harvest loss on vegetable production in Adamawa State, Nigeria. A Multi-Stage sampling procedure was used to select 210 farmers. Data were collected using structured questionnaire and analysed using descriptive statistics. About 96.7% of the farmers were male and 90.5% were married. Similarly, 53.3% of the farmers had quranic education, 66.7% were engaged into farming and 81.4% had personal savings as the main sources of their capital. Furthermore, the mean ages of the farmers were 40.2 years, the mean household sizes of the farmers were 7 person and the mean years of experience of farming were 12 years. The result also shows that, the mean quantity and amount of loss per week of tomato farmers operations (harvesting, transportation, sorting, grading, packaging and storage) were between 130.33kg-405.22kg and between ₦2899.42-₦8983.72, for pepper farmers, were between 92.91kg-670.19 kg and between ₦3,096.69-₦22,337.40 and for okra farmers, were between 27.93kg-142.85kg and between ₦282.37-₦1,444.2 respectively. Furthermore, the result shows that, delay between buying and selling of the vegetable crops with the mean value of 4.9 was the major causes of vegetable crops loss perceived by the farmers. The studied concluded that, post-harvest loss during storage operations for the pepper farmers has the highest mean loss per week of 670.19 kg and  mean amount  loss of ₦22,337.4 and therefore recommended that, storage facilities be provided by the government/stakeholders and careful handling during/after harvesting of the vegetable crops be adhered by the farmers..

Keywords: Post-harvest lost, Value Chain Actors, Vegetable Crops

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ROLE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT

 

*AUWAL MAGAJI ABUBAKAR; **HAUWA MAMMAN SALEH; & **SAHANATU MUAZU

*Department of library and Information Science, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna. **Department of library and Information Services, Nigerian Institute of leather and Science Technology, Samaru Zaria.

 

ABSTRACT

Effective knowledge management is becoming crucial for the survival of business organizations due to their increasing reliance on knowledge work. Information technology (IT) plays a key role in enabling knowledge management. The objective of this research is to understand the role of IT in managing organizational knowledge. The results of the study will enhance our understanding of the organizational knowledge management process and provide guidelines for designing IT infrastructure for effective knowledge management.

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ENTREPRENEURIAL ORIENTATION AND PERFORMANCE OF ENTERPRISES OWNED BY POLYTECHNIC STUDENTS IN SOUTH-WEST NIGERIA

 

*EKECHUKWU, BERNADINE N.; **PROF. EPETIMEHIN, FESTUS M.; AND **DR. OLUWAYOMI, AYOADE EKUNDAYO

*Rufus Giwa Polytechnic, Owo, Ondo State, Nigeria. **Joseph Ayo Babalola University, Ikeji Arakeji, Osun State.

 

ABSTRACT

This study was set to determine the relationship between entrepreneurial orientation and the performance of enterprises owned by polytechnic students in Southwest Nigeria. Quantitative research technique was adopted for this study using questionnaire. The questionnaire was administered purposively on seventy-seven (77) students that were entrepreneurs from each of the selected three public polytechnics while questionnaire was also administered purposively on fifty-two (52) students that were entrepreneurs from each of the selected three private polytechnics in South-West Nigeria, making a total of three hundred and ninety (390) respondents in total. SPSS was used in the analysis of data collected. Both descriptive statistics such as frequencies, percentages, mean values were used and inferential statistical analysis, such as regression and ANOVA were carried out on the data collected. Findings from the study showed that entrepreneurship orientation; increases students risk taking and performance of enterprises owned by polytechnic students; enhances students’ access to finance and performance of enterprises owned by polytechnic students; helps small business to get access to capital and performance of enterprises owned by polytechnic students; increases students’ competitive aggressiveness and performance of enterprises owned by polytechnic students; increases students’ propensity to act autonomously and performance of enterprises owned by polytechnic students; increases students’ processes, practices, and decision-making activities and performance of enterprises owned by polytechnic students; opens the minds of students’ opportunity recognition, evaluation and exploitation of business opportunity and performance of enterprises owned by polytechnic students; increases students’ innovativeness and performance of enterprises owned by polytechnic students; increases students’ problem-solving skills which invariably affect the performance of enterprises owned by polytechnic students in Southwest Nigeria. In addition to that, the study concluded that the variation in management performance of enterprises owned by polytechnics students in Southwest, Nigeria is significantly explained by entrepreneurship orientation. The study concludes that “there is significant relationship between entrepreneurship orientation and the management performance of enterprises owned by polytechnics students in Southwest, Nigeria”.

Keywords: Entrepreneurial Orientation, Enterprises, Performance, Polytechnic Students, Nigeria.

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NIGERIA’S EXPENSIVE POLITICS AND DEMOCRACY: THE BANE OF GOOD GOVERNANCE

 

JIBRIN MOHAMMED RABBA; & ABDULLAHI ABDULKADIR

Department of Social Sciences, Federal Polytechnic Bida,  P.M.B. 55 Bida, Niger State, Nigeria.

 

ABSTRACT

The performance of Nigeria’s democracy coupled with its styled politics and governance has raised concern over its sustainability and survivability. One area where the democratic system in Nigeria has remained shamelessly scandalous is in the area of the expensive cost of managing the democratic structures of the state and the people that run them. The view being implied in this article is that Nigeria’s style of democracy with its expensive and corrupt tendencies is frustrating and inhibiting good governance. The extent of Nigeria’s expensive governance and politics is manifested in wasteful spending on personnel cost of political office holders such as Ministers, commissioners, special advisers and other executive and legislative aides who in most cases get paid without performing justifiable functions and responsibilities. Similarly, security votes which are appropriated and used by federal and state governments discretionarily have become conduit pipes for draining our national wealth. The suffocating impact of the high cost of governance on our national life has made it to assume a national emergency dimension. This paper therefore emphasises the need for government across all strata to reduce the cost of politics and governance, block all revenue leakages and channel the country’s wealth and resources to productive ventures so as to entrench good governance and set the country on the path of development. The paper recommends the discontinuation of appointing the ministers of state, the scrapping of security votes and the adoption of a unicameral legislature with a part-time arrangement among others as strategies for reducing the cost of governance.

Keywords: politics, democracy, expensive, good governance, cost

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EFFECT OF SOCIOECONOMIC FACTORS ON THE RENTAL VALUES OF ACCOMMODATION IN ILORIN METROPOLIS

 

HASSAN, OLANREWAJU ABDULˡ ; IBRAHIM, ABDULLAHI TAIYE ˡ

ˡDepartment of Estate Management and Valuation, Kwara State Polytechnic, Ilorin. ˡDepartment of Estate Management and Valuation, Kwara State Polytechnic, Ilorin.

 

ABSTRACT

Socio economic characteristics differs from one household to another within a community such as occupation, income, education and so on. This study therefore seeks to investigate the effect of socio economic factors on the rental values of accommodation in Ilorin metropolis. Eight socio economic factors were considered these includes, the income of the household, the household size, accommodation type, means of transportation, distance between workplace and house, location, locality and infrastructural availability. For the purpose of the study Ilorin metropolis was sub-divided into four local government and areas were selected within each local government. The instrument of data collection was a well develop questionnaire (396) administered to household and real estate professionals but only 302 was properly filled comprises of  73 for Asa, 81 for Ilorin West, 75 for Ilorin East and 74 for Ilorin South. Regression analysis was performed for the model generated for Asa, Ilorin West, Ilorin East and Ilorin South. Results showed that in Asa the correlation coefficient is 0.886 while the R square is 0.784(78.4%) shows variability in the outcome variable accounted for by the independent variables, in Ilorin west the correlation coefficient is 0.836 and R square is 0.698 (69.8%), in Ilorin East the correlation coefficient is 0.831 and the corresponding R square is 0.691(69.1%), in Ilorin South the correlation coefficient is 0.754 and R square is 0.568 (56.8%).In Asa the main factor affecting the rental values of accommodation is individual level of income while in Ilorin East, the main factor affecting the rental values of accommodation is individual level of income, Means of transportation, location and infrastructural availability also, in Ilorin west, the main factor affecting the rental values of accommodation is individual level of income, Means of transportation, location and infrastructural availability and in Ilorin South, the main factors affecting the rental values of accommodation is individual level of income, household size, means of transportation, distance between workplace and individual house, location and locality. The study suggests that government, real estate professional and property owners should take these socioeconomic factors into consideration before determining and reviewing the rental value of properties.

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LOCAL GOVERNMENT AND SUSTAINABLE TOURISM DESTINATION DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA

 

*FIMBER STEPHEN AGBU** **JANGNAP ABEL DAMARIS ***OKECHUKWU IHUAKU GLORIA

*Department of Leisure and Tourism Management, School of Science and Technology, Isa Mustapha Agwai I Polytechnic, P.M.B 109, Lafia, Nasarawa State, Nigeria. **National Institution for Hospitality and Tourism, No. 6 Mike Ahkigbe Way Jabi Abuja, Nigeria. ***National Institution for Hospitality and Tourism, No. 6 Mike Ahkigbe Way Jabi Abuja, Nigeria.

 

ABSTRACT

The tourism industry sector plays a pivotal role in the socio-economic development strategies of countries, especially developing countries like Nigeria. However, the tourism sector can also be linked to associate with negative impacts in the national and cultural environments. Therefore, there is a need for a holistic approach to sustainable tourism development, management and monitoring. Making tourism activities more sustainable in order to achieve the best take between the impacts of tourism development, an investigated local government roles and responsibilities in tourism management towards sustainability is the way forward. The aim of this research paper is to gain insight of the evolution and processes involved in tourism development towards sustainability in Nigeria according to the main stakeholders. The research also seek essentially to understand the role and responsibilities and benefits of most important stakeholders of a destination from sustainable tourism practice and policy. The paper used the case study of tourism development in Nasarawa State, Nigeria. Data collection method for the research were secondary and primary data and semi-structured interviews are all used. The findings of the research study based on the study revealed that local governance in Nigeria as a main stakeholder  fund agency for sustainable town development are not carry along in the planning and decision making in tourism destination development. All the 13 local government councils in the case study attested to fact that they know little about sustainable tourism development, do not have legal framework  local tourism department offices and therefore cut-off on their rates and responsibilities towards sustainability of tourism destination which are closer to them. The research therefore, recommended that the Nigerian Tourism Cooperation (NTDC), and State Tourism Broads or Ministries, should facilitate the setting-up tourism local government Tourism Committees (LGTC) in compliance to the Nigeria policy thrust and tourism departments in local government level, mandate, equipped and staff them with skilled personnel capable to be able to plan for sustainable tourism development. This is expected to make unpopular the top-down tourism sector decision-making.

Keywords: Local government, tourism development, sustainable tourism, destination.

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EDUCATIONAL INNOVATIONS AS A PANACEA FOR CLIMATE CHANGE: EVIDENCE FROM FEDERAL CAPITAL TERRITORY ABUJA – NIGERIA

 

1AHMED ALIYU TANKO, 2ADAMU IBRAHIM & 3JUSTIN SHEKWOYADU ZAKOYI

1Department of Business Administration & Management, Federal Polytechnic, Nasarawa, Nasarawa State – Nigeria. 2Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Federal Polytechnic, Nasarawa, Nasarawa State – Nigeria. 3Department of Public Administration, Federal Polytechnic, Nasarawa, Nasarawa State – Nigeria.

 

ABSTRACT

Educational innovation is a process of learning new techniques and strategies in a creative way towards improving workable system and government ensure good strategic policies in relation to educational innovations yet climate change continue to rotate across the world which have tremendous effects on economy of a nation. The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of climate change on educational innovations in Federal Capital Territory (FCT) Abuja. The study used survey method and chi square was used to test the formulated hypotheses with a population of 4000 and a sample of 364 respondents were drawn using Taro Yamane’s formula. The study concluded that educational innovations significantly impacted on climate change in FCT Abuja. In light of this, the study recommended that government should embark on strict policy formulation towards sustainable development.

Keywords: climate change, education, innovation, policy, strategy.   

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DESIGN AND REALIZATION OF PANDEMIC COUNSELLING AND DISINFECTION CHAMBER: A CASE STUDY FOR COVID-19 OUTBREAK

 

H.A MAHDI, A. ABDULKADIR, YUNUSA, M. A, BOYA S. N., SHEHU ABDULLAHI

Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technology Department, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi.

 

ABSTRACT

The inadequacy of trained personnel and testing facilities presents challenge in the management of Coronavirus outbreak or any pandemic, especially in institutions of learning and remote areas. Counselling and laboratory testing in order to identify individuals who are asymptomatic has played an important role in the management of the outbreak but have the potential to serve as a source of the viral transmission. This research presents a detailed design procedure of a smart disinfection tunnel that provide counseling and disinfection of surfaces. The system consists of an ultrasonic sensor to detect the presents of an individual within the vicinity of 30 cm, a microcontroller that was programmed to carry out counseling of the individual regarding his covid-9 status and a sanitizer spraying system that disinfect the individual. The system is powered by a solar cell during the daytime, but switched to a solar power-bank power mode during nighttime. The experimental results validate the effective performance of the mechanism of the presented system, it was able to disinfect a person in a time span of just 5 seconds and was considered to be very helpful in tackling the covid-19 pandemic during the unlock period when all the businesses and shops are open for the general public. This system will serve as a preventive measure as well as a practical module when implemented where students will see how to use technology in solving societal problems.

KEYWORDS; Coronavirus, Counselling, testing, sanitizer

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