SUB-SAHARA AFRICAN JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL STUDIES, TRENDS AND PRACTICE (SJESTP)
VOL. 23 (8) MARCH, 2022 ISSN: 2285-8565
Sub-Sahara African Academic Research Publications,
Centre for African Development Studies, University of Ibadan,
P. O. Box 10108, U. I. Post Office. Ibadan Oyo State, Nigeria, West-Africa.
THE NOVEL IN THE TIME OF COVID: ALBERT CAMUS’THE PLAGUE
General Studies, School of Science and Technology Education, Federal University of Technology, Minna
In this age, science and technology seems to override everything, but they have their limits. When science fails, society turns to other forms of knowledge to find answers to questions or to make sense out of what confounds it. In such instances, literature comes into its own as it offers another way of understanding the human condition. Since the advent of the corona virus, there has been a resurgence of interest in novels that deal with pestilence. While awaiting new novels about present experience, the pain and bewilderment caused by the Corona virus has necessitated a return to literary classics such as Albert Camus’ The Plague (Le Peste). This renewed interest calls for not only a reexamination of our relationship with literature, but also a reassessment of certain novels in the light of current events. The following situates Camus’ novel within the tradition of plague literature and taking into consideration existentialist philosophy, examines the themes of suffering and absurd heroism before focusing on a rarely noted peculiarity, the absence indigenous characters in a novel set in North Africa. Using postcolonial critical theory as framework, this exclusion is scrutinized in depth for the power relations inherent in the narrative and discusses how the issues identified reverberate in the present pandemic.
Keywords: Plague, Covid, Existentialism, Absurdism, Postcolonial theory
COMPUTER SELF-EFFICACY AND INFORMATION SEARCHING SKILLS ON THE USE OF ONLINE DATABASES FOR RESEARCH OUTPUT OF POSTGRADUATE STUDENTS IN UNIVERSITIES IN SOUTH-WEST, NIGERIA
KAREEM, ABDULRAHEEM ONIVEHU 1; & DR. A. O. AHMED2
Library and Information Technology Department, Federal University of Technology, Minna.
This paper assessed Computer Self-Efficacy and Information Searching Skills on the Use of Online Databases for Research Output of Postgraduate Students in Universities in South-West, Nigeria. The study was guided by two objectives and two corresponding research questions. Survey research design method was adopted. The total population for the study was 28,454 postgraduate students in the universities studied. The sample size of the population was 752 drawn from Krejcie and Morgan (1970) sample size table for determining the sample size of a population. Questionnaire was the only instrument used for data collection. Out of 752 copies of questionnaire administered, 683 copies were filled, returned and used for the analysis. Descriptive statistical tool involving frequency counts and percentages, mean and standard deviation were used to analyse the data. The findings of the study indicated that postgraduate students can access online databases from the university website, agreed with all the factors affecting computer self-efficacy and information searching skills on the use of online databases among postgraduate students with the exception of familiarity with task demand, expertness and credibility. The study recommended among others that postgraduate students should be exposed to more sensitisation and training through seminar, symposium, and workshop which will impart knowledge and skills in accessing EIRs through the use of proper keywords, information retrieval methods and technicality of various online databases available, challenges faced by the postgraduate students particularly in the area of epileptic and erratic power supply should be addressed such as the use of a standby generator, inverter or solar energy system.
Keywords: Computer self-efficacy, Information searching skills, Postgraduate students, Research output.
BASIC PROCESS SKILLS AND ATTITUDE TOWARDS: INPUTS TO AN ENHANCED STUDENTS COGNITIVE PERFORMANCE
*ASIYA HASSANU; & **JAMILA ZAYYANA MAIMAJE
*Department of Science and Vocational Education, Ummaru Musa Yar’adua University Katsina State. **Sani Zangon Daura College of Health and Technology Daura
This study focused on the correlation of mastery in basic process skills and attitude toward Science students’ performance. From the 200 respondents 74% or most of the students are normally in the age bracket for secondary students which is 11 to 12. One hundred one (101) respondents or 50.5 % of the total respondents are male while 99 respondents or 49.5 % of the total respondents are female. Although many students are in the ss2 class there are also many students in lower level especially in ss1 who must be aided to improve their skills and performance. The students have homogeneity of “high positive attitude” in all the items in the survey of attitude toward Science except in classroom environment. Many students have “outstanding” performance in Science but there are also many with “Fairly Satisfactory” and “Did not meet expectations” that need immediate attention. In correlation between attitude toward Science and students’ performance, only understanding dimension established significant relationship in terms of teaching strategy; all the cognitive process dimensions are not related in terms of academic value; analyzing and creating dimensions are significantly related in terms of Science activity; and understanding, applying and analyzing dimensions are significantly related in terms of classroom environment. iv In correlation between mastery in basic process skills and performance in Science, observing and predicting skills show significant relation with remembering dimension; observing, inferring and predicting skills have significant relationship with understanding dimension; only classifying skill has no significant relationship to applying dimension ; communicating and predicting skills are significantly related to analyzing dimension; only inferring is significantly related to evaluating; and all basic process skills are significantly related to creating. In the light of the aforementioned findings, the following conclusions are drawn: The null hypothesis stating that the mean level of students’ mastery of the basic process skills is not significantly related to performance in Science is partially supported. As per indicated in the findings, the null hypothesis stating that there is no significant relationship between students’ attitude and performance in Science is partially.
Keywords: science process skills, performance, Attitude, Cognitive.
WOMEN PARTICIPATION IN ELECTIVE AND APPOINTIVE POLITICAL POSITIONS AND INFLUENCE ON YOUNGER WOMEN’S POLITICAL ASPIRATION AMONG FEMALE UNDERGRADUATES IN NIGERIA
1BANJO, OLUWAFIKAYOMI OPEYEMI (PhD), 2FILADE, BANKOLE ADEYEMI, 3NWAGBURUKA, ADEKEMI ESTHER, 4OMOTOSHO TOMINIYI, 5ANWANANE, BIDEMI BASSEY (PhD)
1Department of Social Work, Veronica Adeleke School of Social Sciences, Babcock University, Illisan-Remo, Ogun State, Nigeria. 2,3&4Department of Education, School of Education and Humanities, Babcock University, Illisan-Remo, Ogun State, Nigeria. 5Student Support Centre, Babcock University, Illisan-Remo, Ogun State, Nigeria.
The male gender has dominated politics for a very long time in Nigeria and most part of the world while few women had actually come out to contest in elections and be appointed to some elective positions. This research work therefore, investigated the participation of women in elective and appointive positions and the influence it has on the political aspiration of female undergraduates in Nigeria. 300 female undergraduate students were used as sample. A purposive sampling technique was used to select two universities in Ogun State, Nigeria. Also, only female undergraduates’ students were purposefully selected to participate in the study. A self-structured questionnaire was used. Descriptive statistics involving frequency count, simple percentage, mean and standard deviation as well as inferential statistics involving t-test were used to analyse the data. Three hypothesis were raised and tested at 0.05 level of significance, all the null hypothesis were rejected. Findings revealed that, there was significant difference in female political appointments and their cultural beliefs having a significant level less than 0.05 (P<0.05). The second hypothesis revealed that a P-value less than 0.05 (P<0.05) this implies that there is a significant difference in the aspiration of younger women participation in politics and previous performance of women in government. The last hypothesis showed that there is a significant difference in women economic status and their participation in politics. This was statistically confirmed as the p-value is less than 0.05 (P<0.05). Recommendations are made in line with the findings of the work include: The Beijing declaration of 2005 which stipulated allocation of 30% of elective positions to women should as a matter of urgency be implemented. Also, women in elective and appointive positions should serve as role models, mentors and coaches for other women who intend to seek political positions.
Keywords: Women, Women Participation, Political Positions, Political Aspiration, Female, Undergraduates
ASSESSMENT OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE MINIMUM STANDARDS OF EARLY CHILDHOOD CARE AND PRIMARY EDUCATION CURRICULUM: NEW DIRECTION AND COMMON CHANGES IN ONDO STATE, NIGERIA
ADELOWO PETER AND EYENGHO TOJU, (Ph. D).
Department of Curriculum and Instruction, Adeyemi Federal University of Education, Ondo State, Nigeria
The study examined the assessment of the implementation of the minimum standards of early childhood care and primary education curriculum in Ondo State. It assessed the adequacy of the minimum standards in early childhood care and primary education curriculum. It also examined the level of implementation of the minimum standards in early childhood care and primary education curriculum. The study further ascertain the adequacy of provision of educational resources to implement the minimum standard. It investigated the factors affecting the implementation of early childhood care and primary education curriculum. These were with a view to providing information on the assessment of the implementation of the minimum standard of early childhood care and primary education curriculum in Ondo State. The study adopted the survey research design. The population consisted of all Early Childhood Care and Primary Education learners, care-givers/teachers, head teachers and supervising officers in the ministry of education in the three senatorial districts in Ondo State. The sample which comprised of Head-teachers, Teachers and Supervising Officer in the Ministry of Education was selected using multistage sampling technique. Data were collected using four instruments, namely: Adequacy of Minimum Standards Checklist (AMSC); Teachers’ Qualifications and Quality Assurance Questionnaire (TQQAQ); Educational Recourses Questionnaire (ERQ); Factors Affecting Implementation of ECCPE Minimum Standards Questionnaire (FAIEMSQ), Data for this study were analysed using simple frequency, percentage and ranking. Results showed that the adequacy of the minimum standards in early childhood care and primary education curriculum is adequate in the study area. The dominant item “child protection materials” (3.72), seating arrangement (3.70) guidance and counseling unit (2.99). Result also showed that the level of implementation of minimum standards in early childhood care and primary education curriculum are encouraging. Results showed that the adequacy of educational resources of minimum standards in early childhood care and primary curriculum were adequate. Results showed that “trained teachers” (3.45), “teachers’ qualifications (3.34), “funding” (3.24), language of instruction (3.20), early childhood curriculum (3.07) were factors affecting the implementation of the minimum standards in early childhood care and lower primary curriculum. The conclusion drawn from this study is that the assessment of the implementation of the minimum standards of early childhood care and lower primary education curriculum are not given the same attention in the school system judging from the way the various centres and lower primary education curriculum are being implemented in the school programme.
COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION IN THE PROVISION AND MAINTENANCE OF SCHOOL FACILITIES IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN BAUCHI STATE, NIGERIA
DR ABDULRAFIU OMOTAYO BOLATITO
Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education and Extensions Services, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Sokoto
The study investigated community participation in the provision and maintenance of school facilities in secondary schools in Bauchi State, Nigeria. The study used descriptive survey research design to carry out the research work with 1,256 participants as study population. The study used deliberate, purposive and simple random sampling techniques. Research Advisor (2006) was used to select 296 out of 1256 participants. A Researcher Designed questionnaire titled: Community Participation in the Provision and Maintenance of School Facilities Questionnaire (CPPMSFQ) was used to collect data and four (4) modified Likert scale rating such as Strongly Agreed (SA), Agree (A), Disagreed (D) and Strongly Disagreed (SD) was used to measure participants’ responses. Content validity of the research instrument was done by experts in Educational Administration and Planning and 0.81 reliability index was obtained using Cronbach alpha after a pilot study was conducted. The study used descriptive statistics such as percentages (%), mean (), tables and frequency counts to analyze data collected through questionnaire. Results of the analysis indicated that community participated in the provision of school facilities through community fund raising. It was concluded that provision of school facilities such as school building was done through community fund raising. The study recommended that government should make a policy that would encourage and enhance community to continue participating in the provision of school facilities.
Keywords: Community participation, School facilities, Community, Secondary Education
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES AND Lecturers’ JOB SATISFACTION IN COLLEGES OF EDUCATION IN NASARAWA STATE, NIGERIA
DR YAKUBU SANI; DR. PETER EMAKPOR CHUKS; & BELGORE FATIMA AHMED
Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Nigeria, Faculty of Eductaion, Department of Educational Management
The study assessed the relationship between human resource management practices and lecturers’ job satisfaction in Colleges of Education in Nasarawa State, Nigeria. The study was guided by three research questions, three objectives and three hypotheses. The research design used for this study was cross-sectional survey research design. The total population of the study consisted of 444 lecturers obtained from the four Colleges of Education in Nasarawa State. The sample size of the study consisted of 295 lecturers drawn from 27 departments in the four Colleges of Education in Nasarawa State. Self-developed instrument called ‘Lecturers Questionnaire on Relationship between Human Resource Management Practices and lecturers Job Satisfaction (LQHRMPJS) was used for data collection. The instrument was validated and it yielded 0.78 as logical validity index. The instrument yielded 0.73 as coefficient of internal consistency. Descriptive statistics of mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions while Pearson’s product moment correlation was used to test all the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The major findings of the study based on the hypotheses indicated that there is a significant relationship between lecturers training and lecturers job satisfaction in Colleges of Education in Nasarawa State, there is a significant relationship between compensation and lecturers’ job satisfaction in Colleges of Education in Nasarawa State and there is a significant relationship between performance appraisal and lecturers’ job satisfaction in Colleges of Education in Nasarawa State. One of the recommendations of the study is that Since the academic lecturers’ in Colleges of Education in Nasarawa State are not given adequate training, the study recommended that there is Nasara State Ministry of Education should review the training policies of lecturers’ by scheduling lecturers training to be conducted frequently especially at the beginning of every new session. Such training could be conducted through workshops and seminars for the purpose of training teachers to acquire the requisite knowledge needed for effective job performance in order to boost the level of job satisfaction of academic lecturers to enable them perform their job diligently.
Keyword: Human resource, management practices, lecturers’ job satifacture, training, compensation, performance appraisal, colleges of education.
STUDENTS’ NEGATIVE ATTITUDE TOWARDS CONTINUOUS ASSESSMENT AS CORRELATE OF THEIR ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN NASARAWA STATE PUBLIC SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS
AUDI ABUBAKAR AHMED; GUNDE YAKUBU; & AISHA UMAR ADAMU
Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Department of Educational Foundations
This study investigated students’ negative attitude towards Continuous Assessment (CA) as correlate of academic performance in Nasarawa State public senior secondary schools. The study used a descriptive survey design. Both stratified and simple random sampling technique was used to obtained 380 students in public senior secondary schools who served as sample for the study. A structural instrument titled “students’ Negative attitude towards CA as correlate of academic performance” (SNACACAP) was developed by the researchers. Two research questions and one hypothesis guided the study. The instrument was structured on a modified 4-point Likert-type scale. The instrument was validated by three lecturers in faculty of Education, Nasarawa State. A reliability coefficient of 0.71 was obtained using Pearson product moment correlation. The data were analysed using frequency count, mean scores, standard deviation and Pearson correlation to answer research questions and hypothesis. The findings of the study revealed the negative attitude towards CA among students’ in school and its relationship with academic performance. It was therefore recommended that teachers should keep records properly for regular checking of student’s performance and help them develop good habit of taking CA seriously.
Keywords: students Attitude, Negative, correlate, Continuous assessment, Academic performance.
THE EFFECTS OF FARMERS-HERDERS CONFLICT ON SCHOOLS IN NIGERIA: A CASE STUDY OF DECLINING SCHOOL ENROLMENT IN AGATU LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF BENUE STATE, NIGERIA
OCHUBE AGABA GODWIN
Department of Sociology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Kaduna State Nigeria
The study examined the effects of farmers/herdsmen crises on school enrolment in Agatu Local Government Area of Benue State, Nigeria. The paper discusses the predisposing factors of farmers/herdsmen crisis, it also described Agatu local government area before the crises and after the carnage and its effects on school enrolment in particular to include: decrease in enrolment, absenteeism, poor turnout of teachers to schools during and after the crises, school infrastructural destruction, prolonged school closure, and set back to the educational advancement of the area. The paper suggested ways of boosting school enrolment which include: restoring peace in the area, provision of security, reviving the nomadic system of education and introducing subjects that helps inculcate the culture of tolerance, integration and interaction among citizens, reconstruction of school buildings destroyed during the carnage and empowering the people of the area for productivity.
Keywords: Farmers/ Herdsmen crises, School Enrolment, Education Management.
PRE-SERVICE TEACHER PERCEPTION OF MOBILE BLOGS IN EDUCATION: A CASE STUDY OF KADUNA STATE COLLEGE OF EDUCATION GIDAN-WAYA KAFANCHAN
DR ISIYAKU ABDULRAHEEM
Department of Primary Education Studies, Kaduna State College of Education, Gidan-Waya Kafancha
The use of mobile blogs in teaching and learning in Nigeria is still at its infancy and a review in the pre-service teacher learning process has become pertinent due to numerous benefits that blogs proffer. One hundred questionnaires were distributed exploring perceptions of pre-service teachers. Descriptive analysis was carried out in the analysis of data using thee Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) software. Majority of pre-service teachers were aware of blogs though they still had insufficient information of its use in learning, also pre-service teachers were more interested in the benefits of creative thinking, dissemination of information and ability to view pictures and videos of concepts as well as discussion with classmates. However privacy issues, solitary led insufficient information still limited the adoption of blogs in learning in Nigeria. There is need for to create an enabling environment for intellectual exchange by aligning the College of Education to promote creative thinking, collaborative learning and visualization of concepts in learning.
Keywords: Mobile Blogs, Learning, Nigeria & Pre-service Teachers
UTILIZATION OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY BY LECTURERS IN KASHIM IBRAHIM COLLEGE OF EDUCATION MAIDUGURI, BORNO STATE NIGERIA
*ADAMU ALIYU KWAMTA; & **GONI SHETTIMA
*Department of Educational Foundations, Kashim Ibrahim College of Education Maiduguri, Borno State. **Department of Education, Borno State University
Teaching is becoming one of the most challenging professions globally. This is because knowledge is expanding rapidly, hence modern technologies demand that teachers should learn how to use these technologies in teaching and learning. While new technologies increase teachers’ professional development particularly in the field of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), being computer literate has become paramount as it provides flexible environment for teaching and learning at any time anywhere. This study examined utilization of ICT by lecturers in Kashim Ibrahim College of Education Maiduguri, Borno state Nigeria. The study focused on the lecturers’ ICT knowledge, ICT incentive and social networking. The data were collected from 120 lecturers by means of closed ended questionnaire titled “ICT Professional Development of Lecturers (IPDLO)’. The data was analyzed using statistical package of social science (SPSS) version 20.0. Decisions were made based on the mean scores of 2.50. Any mean score that was 2.50 and above was accepted while below 2.50 was rejected. The findings of the study indicated that majority of lecturers in the college are computer literate but they do not utilize the knowledge of ICT in teaching and learning. The findings also recorded that majority of the respondents do not appreciate the use of computer based-test. It is recommended among others that the college management should equip the department/school with computer and internet facilities and other necessary tools like projectors and video viewers because the absence of these facilities discourages and sometimes disables the lecturers from the use of ICT.
Keywords: Information, Communication, Technology, lecturers, college of education.
EDUCATION AND THE CHALLENGES OF COVID-19 PANDEMIC IN NIGERIA; LESSONS FROM HISTORY AND THE WAY FORWARD
INUWA ALIYU BOBO; UMAR IBRAHIM BABA; & MOHAMMED CHIROMA
Department of History, School of Arts and Social Sciences, A. D. Rufa’i College of Education, Legal, And General Studies, Misau, Bauchi State
As schools are severely disrupted by COVID-19 pandemic nationwide, the process of planning and practice of education should be adjusted to conform with the new situation. Now that schools are re-opening for the continuation of teaching and learning under the new circumstance, there is need to make adequate provisions in order to adjust to a more suitable practice. The paper intended to study and analyse similar situations in the past and the actions taken to make things better for the continuation of teaching and learning under such unprecedented condition. The paper explains the meaning and nature of pandemic and specifically looked into COVID-19 pandemic. It’s nature and how it affects our education system. Some major pandemics that occurred around the world were also studied and analysed. The paper recommends that government and stakeholders should adopt new methods and techniques in tackling the educational crisis as designed by the concerned authorities. Also the guidance and counseling services should be accelerated in schools and colleges in order to comfort both the teachers and learners under the new situation.
Keywords: Education, Pandemic, COVID-19, History, Challenges
COMPARISON OF EFFECTS OF INQUIRY AND TASK-BASED METHODS ON PERFORMANCE IN ECONOMICS AMONG RURAL AND URBAN SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN IMO STATE, NIGERIA
*SHAIBU HASSANA; *EREJE JOSEPH; *EGGA BLESSING; AND **KWASAU BITRUS SAMAILA
*Department Curriculum and Instruction, Kaduna State College of Education Gidan Waya Kafanchan. **Social Science and Humanities Department, Kaduna State College of Education Gidan Waya Kafanchan.
This study was conducted on the comparison of the effects of Inquiry and Task-based methods on students’ performance in Economics on rural and urban schools. The design for the study was experimental design. The population of the study was ten thousand two hundred and forty four students of secondary schools in Imo state and the sample of the study was three hundred and six (306) students selected through purposive technique. Economics Students Inquiry and Task-based Performance Test (ESITPT) was used for data collection while t-test and Anova were used to analyse the data. The result shows no significant difference between effects of Inquiry and Task-based method on performance in Economics with (t=1.271, p=0.205), rural and urban schools taught using inquiry method ((F=2.856, P= .092) and rural and urban schools taught using Task-based method (F=.216, P=0642). Therefore, it was concluded that there is no significant difference in the effect of using either Inquiry or Task-based method on students’ performance both in rural and urban locations. Thus, it was recommended that both Inquiry and Task-based methods should be used by secondary school teachers to teach Economics in both rural and urban areas.
Keywords: Inquiry method, Task, Task-based method, Economics
A NEXUS BETWEEN EDUCATION AND SECURITY CHALLENGES IN NIGERIA
*MOBOLAJI WOSILAT ADEOLA Ph.D; **AZEEZ FATIMO MOROMOKE; & ***IDOWU-DAVIES TEMITOPE
*Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, School of Secondary Education (Language Programmes), Oyo. **Department of Adult and Non-Formal Education, Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo. ***Department of Christian Religious Studies, Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo
The work seeks to define what education and insecurity is. It is to examine the missing link between secondary school education, security challenges, causes and effects of insecurity in Nigeria. The paper avers that secondary education is ceuval to shaping attitudes and social interaction and both are critical to address an insecurity challenges. Education is an engine for development in which individuals, religious groups, communities and businesses ought to partake in providing Education that leverages development. Also Nigeria’s Education is reformed in such a manner that will make youth self reliance, then the end of insecurity perpetrated by youth is not yet in sight. It advocates mass employment provision by government for unemployed youth as a measure to address Nigeria’s problem of insecurity. An adage says that “owo to ba dile ni rore so” literally means an idle hand is devils workshop.
RELATIONSHIP AMONG SOCIAL MEDIA USAGE, SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT AND SCHOOL ADJUSTMENT AMONG UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS IN KWARA STATE, NIGERIA
*JAMIU, MAHMOOD SULEIMAN; *MUSA AREMU MAHMUD; & **AHMED, ABIODUN TAOFIK
*School of Education and General Studies, College of Arabic and Islamic Legal Studies Ilorin, Ilorin. Kwara State, Nigeria. **Computer Science Department, College of Arabic and Islamic Legal Studies Ilorin, Ilorin. Kwara State, Nigeria.
This study examined the Relationship Among Social Media Usage, Social Environment and School Adjustment among Undergraduate Students in Kwara State, Nigeria. The study was guided by four (4) objectives, four (4) research questions and four (4) null hypotheses. The descriptive statistics of percentage was used to present the demographic profiles, mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions; while inferential statistics of Pearson Product Moment Correlation (r) and Regression Analysis were used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. Demographic profiles of the 647 respondents in the study, 462 (71.4%) were males; while 185 (28.6%) were females. Means and Standard Deviation Scores of Facebook Usage and Social Dimension of School Adjustment (SDSA) of Undergraduate Students the mean score of Facebook usage is 10.08 with standard deviation of 3.372; while the mean score of social dimension of school adjustment is 10.61 with standard deviation of 3.280. Another finding of this study also revealed that The hypotheses were tested using Pearson Product Moment Correlation (r) statistic and Multiple Regression Analysis to determine the relationship between the independent variables and the dependent variable of the study Among Social Media Usage, Social Environment and School Adjustment among Undergraduate Students in Kwara State. The study concluded that there is positive relationship between facebook usage and social dimension of school adjustment among undergraduate students in Kwara State, Nigeria. The multiple regression analysis result revealed that there is statistically significant relationship among social media usage, social environment and school adjustment among undergraduate students in Kwara State, Nigeria. It was recommended among others that, University counsellors should help students to sustain the use of facebook positively, through guidance programmes of social media usage, in order to facilitate effective social and educational aspects of school adjustment among undergraduate students. Also positive use of Whatsapp, through enlighten programmes on social media usage, so as to facilitate continuous positive social and educational school adjustment and counsellors should equip students with effective social skills training in order to sustain positive interactions with their colleagues and lecturers; thereby, contributing positively effective social and educational school adjustment among undergraduate students.
Keywords: Relationship, Social Media Usage, Social Environment, School Adjustment and Undergraduate Students.
EFFECT OF COMPUTER BASED SIMULATIONS TEACHING APPROACH ON ACQUISITION OF SCIENCE PROCESS SKILLS BY UPPER BASIC STUDENTS IN SOUTHERN TARABA STATE SENATORIAL DISTRICT
*CHRISTINA TANKO AUDU; & **DAVID IYAM LIGA
*College of Education Zing, Taraba State. **University of Agriculture Makurdi Demonstration Secondary School.
This study investigated the effect of computer based simulations teaching approach on acquisition of science process skills by Upper Basic students in southern Taraba State senatorial district. The study was guided by two objectives, two research questions and two hypotheses. Quasi-experimental research design was adopted. The population of this study was 8,342 Upper Basic III students in Southern Taraba State. A sample of 46 Upper Basic III students selected using multiple stage sampling technique. Data were collected using Science Process Skill Acquisition Test (SPSAT). Data collected were analysed using mean and standard deviation to answer the research questions. Analysis of Covariance was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 significance level. The findings revealed that there is a significant difference between the mean acquisition of science process skills scores by Upper Basic students taught using computer based simulation approach and those taught using expository method in favour of the computer based simulation approach. Finding also indicated that there is no significant difference between the mean acquisition of science process skills scores of male and female Upper Basic students taught using computer based simulation approach. Science teachers should employ the use of computer simulation approach which enhances acquisition of science process skills by students.
ICT IN TEACHING MATHEMATICS: NIGERIAN TEACHERS’ PERSPECTIVE
OGUNNIYI TEMEEM ABIODUN
School of Secondary Education (Science), Department of Mathematics, Federal College of Education (Technical) Bichi, Kano State.
The study was designed to find out the perception of secondary school Mathematics teachers about the use of ICT in teaching Mathematics. The study specifically centred on finding the need of enhancing teacher education programme so as to serve as an avenue of improving teachers’ perception and orientation on ICT in Mathematics teaching. It also sought for the most common ICT applications available for Mathematics teachers to use. Barriers to the integration of ICT were also examined. The study adopted a survey design. A sample size of 180 was used. This comprises of Mathematics teachers who were randomly selected from secondary schools in Bichi Educational Zone Kano state – the area of the study. The questionnaire used for data collection had 26 items which covered the scope of the study. The data collected were analysed with mean score with a bench mark of 2.50. Among the findings made were that Mathematics teachers were found to be enthusiastic about the application of ICT in Mathematics teaching but only few were already incorporation it in their teaching. Most Mathematics teachers were discovered to be willing and ready to integrate ICT in their teaching. Again the most common ICT applications used by the few teachers who are already making effort to integrate ICT into their teaching include: word processing packages, spreadsheet, drill/practice tutorials and graphic applications. These applications are less technical and easy to manipulate. Among the leading barriers to the ICT usage in secondary school Mathematics teaching as found out in the study was: lack of enough technical skills for ICT projects, poor electricity power supply in schools and lack of Mathematics laboratories with ICT facilities. Owning to the findings, the following recommendations were made that: Mathematics teachers should be encouraged to embrace the new method of teaching (use of ICT) and pursue it with all the zeal it deserves; in-service training, especially on ICT usage in Mathematics lesson be made compulsory for all Mathematics teachers, Seminars and Conferences be organized by experts for teachers, especially Mathematics teachers on ICT usage in teaching and state government should make frank efforts to provide all the necessary facilities and equipment for the proper ICT usage in teaching secondary school Mathematics.
Keywords: Challenges, Curriculum ICT, Mathematics, Teachers, Teaching, Training
INTEGRATING ANTI-CORRUPTION EDUCATION IN NIGERIA CURRICULUM: CHALLENGES AND PROSPECTS
AWAJIOKINOR EKRIKA MBABA Ph.D & BINTA MUHAMMAD Y.
Department of Curriculum and Instruction & Educational Psychology, Isa Kaita College of Education, Dutsin-ma, Katsina State
This paper seeks to identify the need for integration of anti-corruption education in Nigeria curriculum of Basic Education. The authors traced the challenges of Nigeria economy and education to lack of ethical values and anti-corruption education. The paper made emphasis on corruption as attitudinal and can only be treated with anti-corruption education as a long term approach to fighting corruption. Finally, the authors recommend that; Anti-Corruption Education should be added in the curriculum of Basic Education, and that teachers should be well paid to avoid them engaging in some form of corruption such as examination malpractice.
Keyword: Anti-Corruption, Education, Ethics, Values, Prospects
IN NIGERIA, PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT FOR TEACHERS AND COUNSELLORS IS A MUST FOR QUALITY EDUCATION
*REV. FR. DR. BAHAGO SAMAILA BENEDICT; **GOTIP, NEHEMIAH WOKJI; & *LAWRENCE, LINUS BODAM
*Educational Foundations Department, Faculty of Education, Veritas University Abuja. **Arts and Social Science Education Department, Faulty of Education, Veritas University Abuja
The paper looked into the professional growth of teachers. The study emphasized that a teacher’s primary focus should be how to stay current with new innovations in his subject area and instructional methods. A teacher’s professional growth necessitates that he continues to study throughout his career. A teacher should feel accountable for finding the greatest way to allow for his professional development. The report went on to look at what makes a good teacher, what makes a good teacher, what activities contribute to a teacher’s professional development, and what difficulties have hampered teachers’ professional growth in Nigeria. The paper suggests that professional teachers organize a large-scale and coordinated program of teacher professional development education for all teachers at all levels in the country, and that a fundamental policy be developed to ensure that every teacher is adequately involved in their professional development, among other things.
Keywords: Counselor, education, professional, teacher, and development.