SUB-SAHARA AFRICAN JOURNAL OF AFRICAN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT (SJASD)
VOL 22 (2) DECEMBER, 2021 ISSN: 2115-4255
Sub-Sahara African Academic Research Publications,
Centre for African Development Studies, University of Ibadan,
P. O. Box 10108, U. I. Post Office. Ibadan Oyo State, Nigeria, West-Africa.
ASSESSMENT OF VEHICULAR TRAFFIC FLOW ALONG GWAGWALADA-GIRI ROAD, FCT ABUJA, NIGERIA
ILIYASU M. ANZAKU1, ALIYU H. AWAISU2, SULAIMAN U.K3
1Department of Science, School of Continuing Education, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria. 2Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Federal Polytechnic, Nasarawa. 3Department of Geography, Faculty of Social Sciences, Federal University, Lafia, Nasarawa State
This study is aimed at assessing the effects of traffic flow along Gwagwalada-Giri road, FCT Abuja. Primary and secondary data was used for the study. One hundred and fifty (150) copies of structured questionnaire was administered to 150 respondents in the study area. Information on the causes volume of vehicular flow and accident rate were obtained from federal road safety corps and road traffic department of Nigeria police of Gwagwala division. Findings revealed that wrongful parking along the road by commercial drivers is the main cause of traffic congestion in the area. the study further revealed that the road an average vehicular flow of 141426 vehicle on daily basis. It was observed during fieldwork that Tuesday and Fridays usually have heavy traffic flow. The findings also revealed that a total of 271 accidents casualties have been recorded along the road between 2010-2016. These casualties comprised of 62 deaths and 209 injured persons. This road traffic congestion along Gwagalada-Giri road is one of the main obstacle for all activities whose attainment depend transport being public, government or individual. The government should provide more funds to municipal council to rehabilitate their road which feed the main roads to bituminous standard so as to reduce the congestion.
Keywords: Traffic, vehicular flow, accidents, congestion, control measures
IMPACT OF COVID-19 ON TRANSPORTATION IN KANO, NIGERIA
MUSA SHITU MAISALATI; & KIM ELKIAKIM PWARA.
Department of Maritime Transport and Logistics, Nigeria Maritime University
The growing number of studies on the impact of COVID-19 is often discussed in the context of developed countries, highlighting a gap in the understanding of how the pandemic is impacting developing countries. This theoretical commentary focuses on the present and long-term impact of COVID-19 on transportation in Kano State, Nigeria. The paper recognizes the effect on transportation in emerging economies, where lockdowns and restrictions on movement may be ineffective, a state with high population density, poor transportation infrastructure and a large informal economy. Adopting the ‘avoid-shift-improve’ framework, this paper presents practical implications for public and private sector policymakers, as they navigate this precarious time and chart a new path for individuals and Nigeria.
Keywords: Covid-19, social distance, transportation, Kano, Nigeria
AN EXAMINATION OF THE FACTORS INFLUENCING COMMERCIAL BANKS’ ACCEPTANCE OF REAL PROPERTY AS COLLATERAL FOR LOANS IN NORTH-CENTRAL NIGERIA
OKO, JOSEPH AME; SULE, ABASS IYANDA; UDOEKANEM, NAMNSO BASSEY
Department of Estate Management and Valuation, Federal University of Technology, Minna
This study examined the factors that influence commercial banks’ acceptance of real property as loan collateral, since despite attendant challenges, real property appears to remain financial institutions’ preferred collateral type, and this has led to borrower self-exclusion from the credit market on account of lack of real property, a situation that is detrimental to economic growth. Based on descriptive research design, questionnaire was administered on 32 credit officers of commercial banks in North-Central Nigeria, and collated data analysed using Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient, Relative Importance Index (RII) and Mean Item Score (MIS). The study revealed that the collateral types frequently used by commercial banks to secure loans include receivables, insurance policy, guarantee, cash deposit and real property, in proportions of 10%, 7.4%, 17.4%, 17.7% and 24.5%, respectively. Meanwhile, there is a weak negative correlation between the challenges that accompany the use of acceptable collateral types and the proportion of loans secured (r = -.036, p (.920) > 0.05); and the relationship between the frequency of collateral use and the proportion of loans secured is strong, positive and statistically significant (r = .881, p (<.001) < 0.05). Furthermore, with a RII of 0.90 and MIS of 4.52, value stability is the most dominant and highest ranked factor with very positive influence on commercial banks’ acceptance of real property as loan collateral. Sensitization programmes and interventions in the secured lending space by stakeholders will enable convenience, and increased loan volumes toward poverty alleviating productive activities within the Nigerian economy.
Keywords: Acceptable collateral types, Value stability, Loan proportions, Collateral for loans, North-Central Nigeria
THE DYNAMICS OF DRUG ABUSE: A STUDY OF MKPURUMMIRI RAVAGING SOUTH EAST NIGERIA
*OCHUBE, AGABA GODWIN; *OGBE, EMMANUEL OJOMAJE; & *NDALAZHI, FLORENCE
*Department of Sociology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. **Department of Accounting and Finance, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria.
Despite a growing interest in the study of effects of drug abuse, many youths seem to think of experimentation with drugs as an acceptable part of transition into adulthood. This paper is a systematic study of the literature on the dynamics of drug intake with special reference to Mkpurummiri (methamphetamine). In doing this, it analyzes studies indexed in the Web of Science, and Google Scholar presenting both their bibliometric indicators and methodological choices looking at how each scholar unravel the dynamics of drugs abuse among youths and teenage children. The negative effects of the drugs is such that after the user consumes it, they engage in criminal and immoral acts detrimental to the society, the substance can lead to anxiety, insomnia, confusion, violent behavior, mood swings and other anti-social acts. Through the comparison of the different streams of literature composing it, the review suggests that stakeholders such as the polical, religious, traditional leaders, parents, educators, health professionals, social workers and the community at large as well as law enforcement agencies in South East Nigeria where the drug intake is at a high rate; ensure strict monitoring of the smugglers, distributors with the intention to apprehend and curtail the availabilty of such substance and also rehabilitate the users.
Keywords: Drug abuse; Mkpurummiri; Dynamics; Illegal or illicit drugs; Youths
INVESTIGATING THE OPTIMALITY CRITERIA FOR PARTIALLY BALANCED LATTICE DESIGNS WITH THREE ASSOCIATE CLASSES
MURTALA MUHAMMAD SALIHU, SYLVESTER CHIGOZIE NWAOSU AND ENOBONG FRANCIS UDOUMOH
Department of Mathematics/Statistics/Computer Science, Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria
Partially Balanced Lattice Designs (PBLD) is a subclass of Incomplete Block Designs which are similar to the Balanced Lattices only that they allows for more flexible choice of the number of replications, the PBLD requires that the number of treatments must be a perfect square and that Block size k must be equal to the square root of these treatments number. Balanced Lattice Design require the number of replications to be . They exist for certain parameters. They require large number of replications, which consumes logistics, time and effectiveness. The aim of this study was to investigate the Optimality Criteria for a Partially Balanced Lattice Designs with three associate classes. The A-, D-, and G- optimality criteria were studied. These approaches demonstrated in our study involving sixty-four treatments. The results show that D-optimality has the highest values of while A- and G- Optimality have and respectively. It means that D- criteria is more optimal than A- and G- criteria. In the same manner, the efficiencies of this Design were considered by maximizing the information matrix; the results are for A-, D-, and G-efficiency respectively, D-efficiency Criteria also show better result when compared to A- and G- efficiency. Hence, the results indicate that Partially Balanced Lattice Designs with four replications possess D-Optimality Criteria. It is therefore recommended here that for studies in Partial Lattice Designs, D- Optimality is better when a researcher is interested in square Lattice Designs. Agriculture researchers, sample surveyors and plant breeders should use Partial Lattice Designs to test a large number of entries that are compare directly for selection, it is cost effective in experimental Designs and improve efficiency. It also serves as reference material for researchers who wishes to carryout research on Partial Lattices.
Keywords: optimality criteria, efficiency criteria, association scheme, replication and lattices,
INFLEUNCE OF ENTREPENEURSHIP DEVELOPMENT AND INDUSTRIALIZATION ON SMALL MEDIUM ENTERPRISES (SMES)
*AKINYELE, SAMUEL TAIWO; **AKINYELE, ESTHER FEYISAYO; & *OWOEYE, JOSHUA OLUWASEGUN
*Dept. of Entrepreneurial Studies, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria **Dept. of Business Administration, School of Postgraduate Studies, Crawford University Igbesa, Ogun State, Nigeria
This study examined the influence of entrepreneurship development and industrialization on small medium enterprises (SMES). The specific objectives is to access the effect of opportunity exploitation on growth of Small Medium Enterprises (SMEs), to determine the effect of innovation on productivity of Small Medium Enterprises (SMEs), to estimate the role of venture creation on Profitability of Small Medium Enterprises (SMEs). A stratified random sampling technique was used in selecting a sample size of nineteen (200) respondents from the selected population of twenty (40) small medium enterprises using selected enterprises. Descriptive statistical tools was used to analyze the demographic report of the respondents while inferential statistical tools of Chi-square, Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficients (PPMCC) and Two-way ANOVA (Analysis of variance) were used to analyse the formulated hypothesis. The findings are therefore divided into two parts which are the theoretical and the empirical findings. The theoretical findings deal with the theoretical finding that goes with the result of the research study while the empirical findings compare and contrast the past findings with this research finding. The conclusion reached was that entrepreneurship development and industrialization influenced small medium enterprises (SMEs) positively.
Keywords: Entrepreneurial development, Industrialization, SMEs, Innovation, Profitability
COMPUTATIONAL ANALYSIS OF THE EFFECT OF VARYING THE GROWTH RATES OF INTERACTING DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS ON THE MANHATTAN’S DISTANCE MEASURE: ECOSYSTEM FUNCTIONING IMPLICATIONS
J I GALADIMA1, E. N. EKAKA-A2, B. O. NWALA3
1Department of Mathematics, IBB University, Lapai, Minna, Niger State, Nigeria. 2Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Rivers State University, Nkpolu, Port Harcourt, Nigeria. 3Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Rumuolumeni, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
Of the three classifications of the real line metric function, the Manhattan’s distance function is a significant type of a metric function specification. Calculating its value analytically can take a longer computational time to obtain an approximate value. To circumvent this problem, we have applied the ODE 45 computationally efficient numerical method to compute the effect of varying the growth rates of interacting yeast species continuous nonlinear real time-dependent dynamical systems on the Manhattan’s distance measure. We would expect our present results to provide a further insight on an aspect of ecological modeling called the ecosystem functioning. The novel results that we have obtained which we have not seen elsewhere are fully presented and discussed quantitatively.
DOMESTICATING AN INTEGRATED CURRICULUM AS A PANACEA FOR SECURITY CHALLENGES AND NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
1DR. MRS. MULKAH A. AHMED, 1DR. MRS. ADUKE R. AHMED, 2MATHEW, B. ALEDARE
1Department of Science Education, University of Ilorin, Ilorin. 2Department of Integrated Science, Kogi state college of education, Ankpa
This paper emphasizes the contributions of education to national development and security challenges. It stresses the fact that a nation develops in relation to its achievement in education. This explains why contemporary world attention has focused on education as an instrument of launching nations into the world of science and technology and with consequential hope of human advancement in terms of living conditions and development of the environment. This is because, education, in the life of a nation, is the live wire of its industries and also the foundation of moral regeneration and revival of its people. It is also the force and bulwark of any nation’s defence and it has been observed that no nation rises above the level of its education. Seeing education in this perspective calls for proper funding from federal, state and local governments to make the sector produce the desired results which will stimulate national development. In Nigeria, much is not being derived from the sector due to neglect on the part of government, corruption, policy discontinuity, inter alia. To make the nation derive maximum dividends from the sector, useful recommendations are made.
Keywords: Integrated, Curriculum, National Development, National Security
EFFECT OF PERCEIVED RISK, PERCEIVED BENEFIT, PROCEDURAL FAIRNESS, OUTCOME EFFICIENCY AND PROBLEM PERCETION ON BEHAVIOURAL ATTITUDE TOWARDS INTENTION OF ACCEPTING COMPULSORY ACQUISITION PRACTICE IN BAUCHI METROPOLIS, NIGERIA
ABBA ABUBAKAR MOHAMMED, BALA ISHYAKU AND M. U BELLO
Department of Estate Management and Valuation, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi
This paper aimed to investigate the effect perceived risk, perceived benefit procedural fairness, outcome efficiency and problem perception on community behavioral attitudes towards compulsory Acquisition practice in Nigeria. This paper adopted a survey questionnaire research design. 118 questionnaires were randomly distributed and 110 were retrieved from the affected household heads who were the target audience of the research. Regression analysis was used for data analysis. The findings revealed that Problem Perception (PP) on compulsory acquisition was the most significant factor that may lead to the acceptance or otherwise of compensation, Perceived benefit also has significant effect on Behavioural Attitude of intention to accept compensation. However Perceived Risk (PR), Procedural Fairness (PF), Distribution Fairness (DF) and Outcome Efficiency were found not to have a significant effect on Behavioural Attitude towards acceptance of compensation. The determinants cumulatively determined 76.4 per cent (R2 =0.764) of the variance that exist in the dependent variable Behavioural Attitude.
Keywords: Compulsory acquisition and Compensation, Cognitive perception, Behavioural Belief, Perceived Quality, Behavioural Attitude, Problem Perception, Perceived Benefit, Perceived Risk, Procedural fairness, Distribution fairness, outcome efficiency.
INNOVATION TOWARDS THE RENAISSANCE OF AKWA-OCHA WEAVING AMONG THE ENUANI IGBO OF DELTA STATE OF NIGERIA
*CALISTA ODUCHUKWU NWOSU; **DR. PIUS A. NTANGU; & ***PROF. CLIFFORD E. NWANNA
*Dept. of Fine and Applied Arts, Federal Polytechnic Oko. **Dept. of Fine and Applied Arts, Imo State University, Owerri. ***Dept. of Fine and Applied Arts, Faculty of Environ. Sciences, Unizik Awka, Nigeria.
The identity of any society is believed to be the reflection of its art and cultural heritage. The art of traditional weaving in any society is dependent on the need of that society. The Igbo people of Delta state of Nigeria is rich in textile weaving tradition. The woven cloth called Akwa-ocha contains surface decorative motifs and symbols and is used for various festive occasions among the people. the motifs and their meaning revealed the peoples history, religions and social behaviours. The woven fabric is highly reputed for excellence that the name Akwa-ocha was given to all the textile produced in the area. This weaving tradition is moribund as a result of technical limitation. This study is motivated to re-awake interest in production, preservation and promotion of Igbo weaving tradition through qualitative research analysis and participant observation method, this paper engages the vital issues affecting Akwa-Ocha through Schon’s theory of reflective practice. Findings among others shows that while akwa-ocha woven fabric has unreserved capacity for cultural preservation, the technique of production is still primitive. The study conclude that if innovation through drafting is incorporated in the production process, the weaving tradition will be revitalized and promoted.
Keyword: Akwa-ocha, Textile, Cultural heritage, Innovation, Weaving
PATTERNS OF CORRUPTION AND THE NIGERIAN STATE
ADMIN. NZADENO GIDILY KOLA
Adamawa State Polytechnic, School of Administrative and Business Studies, Department of Local Government Administration, Numan Campus.
Divergent views on corruption agree that it is a bad behaviour in Nigeria. Corruption is an endemic problem that has posed many problems and hardships. Corruption due to its conscious and unconscious institutionalization in Nigeria have become a hydra- headed monster and what to be done in combating the increasing spread of its tumor to all fibres of socioeconomic physiology of the country tend to defy solutions. Using the survey research design and documentation analysis, the paper defined Corruption and examined some theories of Corruption. It also discussed the patterns obtained in Nigeria. The paper went further to find out the most corrupt leaders in Nigeria and the effect of such corrupt leadership on the Nigeria state. The paper was concluded by suggesting solutions to corruption in Nigeria as a country.
Keywords: Corruption, Looting, Political Independence, Socio-Economic Transactions, Monopoly Power
TEXTILE INDUSTRIES FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN THE NIGERIAN ECONOMY
1M.I. DABO, 2S.M. NASIR, 3B. HABIB, 4U. KHAMIS, AND 5A.Y. ABDULAZEEZ
1,3,4,5Department of Textile Technology, College of Science and Technology, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna. 2Department of Printing Technology Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna.
The socio-economic development of Nigeria cannot be fully realized without considering the textile industries as the way of diversifying the economy. Reviving the textile industry will not only improve the economy and increase the foreign reserve exchange but one way of curtailing the social vices such as Unemployment, Banditry, Kidnapping, and Boko Haram insurgency. It is however, necessary for the government as a matter of urgency to revive the textile industry and take advantage of the huge population of over 200 million Nigerians with the view to reduce the rate of unemployment deficit by providing direct and indirect jobs. This paper seeks to highlight the impact of textile industry to the economic development of Nigeria and way of diversifying the economy especially when considering the consistence decline of the oil price in the world oil market. Since the beginning of Covid -19 pandemic.
Keywords: Textile, Economy, Employment, Sustainable, Development.
INVESTIGATING THE PROSPECTS AND CHALLENGES OF SUSTAINABLE HOUSING ON NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN CONTEMPORARY NIGERIA
K.O OPARAUGO; AND I.U ANYANWU
Department of Estate Management and Urban and Regional Planning; Abia state Polytechnic Aba.
Over the years, sustainable housing has contributed immensely to the development of the economy; despite all the environmental disunity. Sustainable housing projects involves retrofitting older homed with modern sustainable additions or re-purposing old agricultural or industrial buildings for use as domestic homes. This not only requires fewer manufacturing material, but also makes great use of materials that might otherwise have ended up in landfill.housing will stand in a sustainable relationship to the natural systems. within which they are embedded if their rate of usage of both renewable and non-renewable resources, as well as their rate of waste output, is as expressed above.The paper presents an assessment of the prospects and challenges of sustainable housing provision in Nigeria using the novel Holistic Sustainability Approach (HSA). The HSA can be used to identify, examine and address the challenges and challenges of sustainable housing development in Nigeria based on the core tenets of sustainability; society, economy and environment and the twin concepts of needs and limitation. The study identified that the numerous challenges facing housing provision in Nigeria are largely due to poverty, redundant housing policies and financial bottlenecks. Others include high cost of building materials, lack of financial instrument for building construction projects as well as the palpable lack of innovative building technologies. This is in addition to uncontrolled development, poor maintenance culture and social infrastructure. Despite of these challenges, the authors posit sustainable housing provision has numerous prospects for the future. Consequently, effective provision of housing in Nigeria will spur sustainable socio-economic leading to enhanced well-being of the society. This will spur a ripple effect in long term socio-economic development of the nation’s human capital. Furthermore, it will provide job prospects, disposable income, and improved standards of living, reduce greenhouse gas (GHGs) emissions and improve affordability and overall life span cycle of buildings in the country.
Keywords: Development, Contemporary,Environment, Housing.National, Nigeria, Sustainability.
CALIPH ATTAHIRU,1902-1903: THE LACONIC REVELATION OF WHAT TRANSPIRED DURING HIS INSTALLATION AND MIGRATION TO THE EAST
YUSUF SARKINGOBIR 1, ALIYU UMAR SHARU. 2
1Department of Biology Shehu Shagari College of Education Sokoto, Nigeria 2Department of Islamic Studies Shehu Shagari College of Education Sokoto, Nigeria
Sokoto Caliphate was one of the major and important formations in 19th century Africa. It was formed by the Jihadist Shehu Usman Danfodiyo on a reformation agenda which swept the whole Hausaland and it’s nearby. It is on the tradition that this reformation state formed by Danfodiyo would have an appointed time of 100 years like other reformations as related by Hadith. Based on this, the Sokoto Caliphate had sustained a number of leaders amounting to 12 Caliphs. Therewith, the 12th Caliph was Muhammadu Attahiru 1(bn Ahmad Atiku), the last Caliph who vigorously fought the British. The period of Attahiru was the most shortest, but one of the most important and critical in the discourse of history of Sokoto,there was scarce information about his life and contribution on the throne. Thus, the objective of this paper revolved round to discuss the life of Attahiru before ascending the throne, his encounter with the British and sequel therein. Review of related literatures and key informants interviews were carried out. In this paper laconically, it elucidated that Attahiru was born and raised at the historic town of CHIMMOLA of Gwadabawa (A military and educational center). Therein, he was one-time the head of CHIMMOLA town, a position he hold before succeeding Caliph Abdurrahman (his uncle) at Wurno. During the selection of Attahiru, there was another contender Attahiru Aliyu(who later became Sultan after the migration of Attahiru Ahmad 1), but Attahiru Ahmad defeated him. The selection of Attahiru was based on his requisite knowledge of war, islam, and the then political situation. Intially, some selectors might be for Attahiru 2, but the powerful brother of Attahiru 1, Muhammadu MAITURARE Marafa Gwadabawa exerted his military power to ensure that his elder brother succeded the throne, when he noticed some tokens trying to change the rightful candidate. After the ascension, Attahiru was heralded with the move of British to invade Sokoto. He fought with them in 1903, and after the defeat of his army he opted for Hijra to Makkah as prophesized by Usman Danfodiyo. His migration attracted the augmentation of many inhabitants of Sokoto Caliphate including leaders. Therein, he became another threat forceful enough to completely swept the Caliphate, thus, the British had to pursue him and met with him at Bormi. At Bormi, one of the most fiercely battle occured between the British and people of Attahiru (willing to migrate, envisaging of Segu, Masina, Sudan Mahdism, Sokoto Caliphate); which led to loses to all sides. Some traditions said Attahiru was killed and his remnants entourage migrated to Sudan, Makkah, and other parts of the world. Nowadays, the descendants of Attahiru are having leadership positions at Sokoto, and Sudan Republic. Certainly, Attahiru had put all he had to put both the primary and secondary resistance to forestall the parasitic invasion of Sokoto Caliphate in 1903. This, led to the sprung of Usman Danfodiyo’s works to international rather than African status.
Keywords: Sokoto Caliphate, Caliph Attahiru, British Invasion, migration, resistance,
PEOPLE AND PRODUCTIVITY: THE IMPACT OF YOUTHFUL POPULATION ON URBANISATION AND DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA
*SUHAIBU MUHAMMAD; **BELLO HASSAN; & **LAWAL AMINU
*Department of Social Studies, ShehuShagari College of Education (SSCOE). Sokoto-Nigeria **Department of Business Administration, Waziri Ummaru Federal Polyechnic, Birnin-Kebbi, Kebbi State-Nigeria
Population matters in every society, in every region of the world. Scores of academic literature have discussed the population’s impact on urbanisation and on economic growth; less is written on youthful population and its impact on urbanisation and development. This paper examines these variables. It primarily focuses on them because, for one thing, youth dominates the universe. A whooping 1.8 billion youth (between the ages of 10 and 24) are alive today. For another, young people are the ‘shapers’ and ‘leaders’ of the global future; therefore, they matter to this subject. The paper argues that because youth are mostly fresh and fertile and because they are the dominant inhabitants across the Nigerian cities; they are, compared to other population demography like ageing population, for example, more likely to facilitate urbanisation and development in the country. We establish our findings using secondary data analysis. Data were drawn from credible, independent sources such as the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and the World Bank. We found out that despite the tumultuous political and socio-economic challenges that is thwarting the young Nigerians, a large percentage of them are productive and their efforts are a contributing factor for urban growth and the nation’s development. That entails that if the Nigeria’s government wants to realise both its current and future socio-economic development, youth should be part of its everyday agenda.
Keywords: Population, Youthful population, Urbanisation, Development, Nigeria, Society
THE EFFECTS OF INTERNAL SECURITY ON EDUCATIONAL CHALLENGES AND DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA.
AKILU UMAR BAKARI
Department of Business Technology and Management, the polytechnic Bali
The security trials threatening the Nigerian state in this 21st century have disregarded any definite justification both from the government and private viewpoints. Unexpectedly these challenges are internally generated. Expressions like militant, insurgent and terrorist became a nearby impression in line with the six geopolitical zones in Nigeria where attacks on people, property and government infrastructures are Spartan. The challenge is that some of these groups’ aggressions have rare the peaceful co-existence of the society and the core value of the Nigerian state. This paper explores documentary analysis on the severity of attacks on the Nigerian state from the fourth republic with a key interest on the possibility of these attacks to lead to the balkanization of the country into different nations as suggested by viewers.Terrorism is a global phenomenon. It is the use of violence and intimidation to coerce for various reasons. In recent times, the spate of terrorist attacks by various groups seeking political and religious reforms in Nigeria is alarming and has become worrisome as they pose a serious threat to Nigeria’s security. Furthermore, they are gradually destroying public confidence in the nation’s security system. Conditions which support the development and growth of terrorism in Nigeria range from socio-economic factors such as poverty to religion. The paper argues that terrorism has adverse implications for Nigeria’s security. Socio-economic transformation, security awareness and sensitization and collaboration among security agents among others are advocated as possible solutions to the menace.
Keywords: Effects, Internal Security, Educational Challenges, Development, Nigeria
SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH IN BUSINESS ENTERPRISES AND MANAGEMENT SCIENCE: A PANACEA FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
*AKANNI, LANRE FATAI; *OBA RASAK BOLANTA; *KAMALUDDEEN, SALAMAT AYO; **ALUKO MUHAMMED AMIN; & *ALUKO KUDIRAT ATINUKE
*Business Education Department, Kwara State College of Education, Ilorin. **Department of Technical Education, kwara State College of Education, Ilorin.
The goal of any nation is to provide the citizen with all the necessity of life ranging from social amenity like good road network, water, electricity power. Others are security of life and properties, employment opportunity and higher standard of living all these are the indices of sustainable development. This paper therefore, examined the roles of research in Business Enterprises and Management science for sustainable development in Nigeria. To achieve these the paper xray the concept of business research and management science, concept of sustainable development, nexus between business research and sustainable development. Based on the literature review it was discover that carrying out research in business enterprises and management science by the enterprises and government of any Nation will lead to better Business & Economics development, achievement of all the government policy, robust decision making on the part of business enterprise and government of any nation and that all these will bring about sustainable development. Based on the findings some of the recommendations are: Research and development should be established in all private and public enterprises to facilitate effective and efficient operation and productivity, there is need for wise and coordinated investment in and management of research institute by the government.
Keywords: Sustainable Development, Business Research, Management science, Standard of living, Employment Opportunity
CORRUPTION AND NATIONAL SECURITY
*SAMINU AMINU; **OCHUBE AGABA GODWIN; & ***YAKUBU, UMAR
*Department of Sociology, Federal University, Dutse. **Department of Sociology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. ***Center for Fiscal Transparency and Integrity Watch
The paper focused on the origin and consequences of corruption on the Nigerian national security which was done by tracing the history of corruption in Nigeria. The paper discovered that during past and present period corruption was caused due to a number of factors. Some of them are: poverty, lack of job security, weak institutions of government and extended family problems. Some of the consequences of corruption on Nigerian national security are: unemployment (human security challenge), misapplication and mismanagement of scarce resources, low international esteem and confidence; ethnic and religious bigotry, poor and un-purposeful leadership quest for self-recognition. It also creates tensions and conflicts between the wealthy and the less wealthy or poor in the society leading to social upheavals which sometimes destabilizes a Nigeria, coups d‘états and poverty. For corruption to be ameliorated from Nigeria so that national security can take place, political leaders must lead by example, accountability should be a constant and regular affair in Nigeria.
Keywords: Corruption, Security, Law, Globalization, Politics, Greed
INCREASING INNOVATION CAPITAL ON TECHNOLOGY: SME’s IN NIGERIA.
1OKOH CHIEDU VINCENT 2DR RAHMAN MUSTAPHA
1Vice Chancellors Office, UNIBEN, Benin City 2Department of Business and Entrepreneurship, Kwara State University, Malete.
The studies on innovation capital in small and medium enterprises (SMEs) have experienced a tremendous growth over the last several years. However, there is no comprehensive review on this field of technology research. The objective of this study is to examine current research study on innovation capital of SMEs in Nigeria to integrate findings and to point out future research study. Based on the previous literatures, findings suggest that studies are mostly performed based on process, product, market and organizational innovation but less on technology innovation. Studies are mostly conducted in the European countries along with some studies in China and Korea while studies in the Nigerian context are scanty. Innovation capital improves the overall innovation performance of SMEs. However, relevant theories and models for managers are well-established in the literature.
Keywords: Innovation Capital; SMEs; Technology; Nigeria.
DESIGN AND FABRICATION OF A SOLAR DEEP FREEZER
E.O. POPOOLA, C. AKENI
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Delta State Polytechnic, Otefe – Oghara, Delta State, Nigeria.
This project work is all about a deep freezer which is constructed and designed using locally available materials. The purpose of this project is to aid in providing the basic understanding of the fundamentals, construction designs and principles of refrigeration (deep freezer) has thus, become more important with the growing numbers of applications of its uses both in domestics and commercial area. However, this refrigeration consist of five main parts via; the cabinet, compressor, condenser, evaporator and the capillary tubes. The cabinet was prepared with galvanized metal sheet that has been cut to the required sizes and shapes. The compressor, the condenser and the evaporator coil were installed at various positions in the cabinet as predetermined during its construction. More so, the condenser was connected to the discharge pipe of the compressor by means of copper pipe in a similar manner. The condenser was then connected to the evaporator via a filter drier and a capillary tube. Then the deep freezer was tested and it was found to function satisfactorily.
Keywords: refrigeration, compressor, rate of heat flow, capillary tubes, ambient temperature
ASSESEMENT OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY INVESTMENTS AND BUSINESS STRATEGIES ALIGNMENT OF SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES IN NIGERIA
OWOMOYELA, SAMUEL KAYODE
Department of Business Administration, Osun State Polytechnic, Iree, Nigeria
This study assessed Information technology (IT) investment, small and medium enterprises (SMEs) strategic alignment and perceived usefulness of the alignment to SMEs in Oyo state, Nigeria. A total number of 400 SMEs were selected with a five-stage sampling procedure across the study area. Primary data was employed for the study. Frequency distribution tables, bar chart and chi-square analysis were deployed to realize study objective of examining the extent of business strategies alignment to IT investment of SMEs in Nigeria. The result of the study revealed that the extent of alignment is very good and significant. Recommendations were made that Government should create a more flexible policy and work on power sector to support the easy adoption and alignment to IT.
Keywords: IT Investment, SMEs, Strategic Alignment, Multi-stage sampling
THE PLACE OF CITIZENSHIP EDUCATION IN ACHIEVING NATIONAL INTEGRATION AND COHESION IN NIGERIA
ABDULLAHI D. MAMMAN
The Polythechnic Bali, Taraba State.
This paper examines citizenship education in Nigeria problems and the way forward and the importance of citizenship Education in Nigeria. It examines the critical issues and problems that need to be resolved in other to achieve a comprehensive and functional citizenship education in our tertiary institutions. The role of citizenship education as a vehicle for national transformation has been highlighted. The paper also resolved that laxity on the part of the nation’s education managers at all levels of government has affected the teaching of citizenship education which has contributed to the rise in social vices in the society. It is recommended that government at all levels should give priority to the teaching and development of citizenship education in order to make Nigeria a better place for all of its inhabitants.
Keywords: Transformation, Functional, Inhabitant. Citizenship,Managers.
CHALLENGES OF HIGHER EDUCATION FOR HUMAN CAPITAL DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA
GIDEON, VICTOR OLORUNFEMI Ph. D
Human Capital Policy Department, (Niser)
A major factor for explaining Nigeria’s predicaments is her inability to develop the right human capital mixes is the focus of this article. Nigeria’s efforts at developing formidable human capital are challenged by certain inadequacies in the education sectors such as underfunding, dearth of infrastructures, corruption, examination malpractice. This study examined the major challenges hampering the development of human capital in Nigeria. Education which constitutes the arch-pillars in the human capital development is in moribund conditions in Nigeria because the governments in Nigeria have not made well-articulated attempts, nor demonstrated strong and genuine commitment to improving the quality of educational services in the country. Some of the identified problems include underfunding of the education sector leading to dearth of learning and operational infrastructures; the issue of highly entrenched corruption; examination malpractice in the sector leading to undertraining and production of poor-quality manpower which exacerbates the scarcity of highly skilled professionals in all fields. The study recommended that Nigeria should prioritize human capital development in its national development plan by reviewing its education policies and increase budgetary allocation to this critical sector to meet UNESCO and WHO specifications, government to provide genuine political will and sincere commitment, to resuscitate the dilapidated educational facilities across the country, drastic measures must be taken to tackle corruption among stakeholders in all the sub-sectors of Nigerian educational institutions. Nigerian National Assembly should legislate improvement in skilled professionals in the interest of the nation’s overall development.
Keywords: Challenges, Higher education, Human capital, Development, Nigeria.