SUB-SAHARA AFRICAN JOURNAL OF AFRICAN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT (SJASD)
VOL 20 (2) JUNE, 2021 ISSN: 2115-4255
Sub-Sahara African Academic Research Publications,
Centre for African Development Studies, University of Ibadan,
P. O. Box 10108, U. I. Post Office. Ibadan Oyo State, Nigeria, West-Africa.
ANALYSIS OF SEVERITY AND MAGNITUDE OF GULLIES ON ARABLE LANDUSE IN LAFIA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, NASARAWA STATE, NIGERIA
ILIYASU M. ANZAKU1, H.K. AYUBA2
1Department of Science, School of Continuing Education, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria. 2Department of Environmental Management, Faculty of Environmental Science, Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Nigeria
The study investigates and examines the effects of gully erosion on arable land use in Lafia LGA, Nasarawa State, Nigeria. It is aimed at understanding the extent to which gully erosion affected agricultural land use in the study area. Data for the study were sourced from both primary and secondary sources. The primary data were through collection of soil samples and field observation, while the secondary data were collected from consulting official documents, journals, past student projects, textbooks, dictionary, newspapers, encyclopedia, seminar papers and books which are most relevant to the study. Soil sample of each identified gully in the area were collected from a depth of 50 to 100m for particle size analysis. Measurement of Base with, total top width, depth, receded top width, length, slope and the volume of soil eroded in each of the identified gully in the study area were determined. The statistical techniques adopted for this work were descriptive statistics to test farmers perception on gully erosion and inferential statistics were adopted for particle-size analysis while spearman rank correlation coefficient were employed to get the inter relationship between the characteristics of the gullies in the area. The dominant grain-size is sand and clay in the area. The grain-size range also implies a high index of detachability. A total volume of 7032.92m soil were eroded from all the gullies in the study area. It appears that in order to retard or completely stop the process of gullies in the study area (and in similar environment), the cyclical process chain must be broken. The most appropriate point to intervene is the removal stage. Runoff reaching the gullies should be slowed down and reduced in volume through the creation of grass bands and other obstacles around the gullies. If this is not done, increased infiltration will do more harm than good in the type of structure in the area. Also, the gullies walls should be treated to produce gentler slope, especially in urban setting in the manner described in Olofin (1985). Man must also improve on his land management in the area.
Keywords: Severity, Magnitude, Gullies, Arables, Land use,
AWARENESS, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICES OF ENVIRONMENTAL SANITATION BY INFORMAL SECTOR PARTAKERS IN BARKIN-LADI TOWN PLATEAU STATE, NIGERIA.
1IJEOMA G.U. AYUBA, 2MUSA BITRUS DUNG, 3PETER GWOM, 1JACK O.KWARFWANG, 1CHUWANG BITRUS ZI
1Department of Urban and Regional Planning, University of Jos, Faculty of Environmental Sciences, Nigeria. 2Ministry of Lands, Survey and Town Planning, Plateau State, Jos. 3Department of Urban and Regional Planning, School of Environmental Studies, Plateau State Polytechnic, Barkin- Ladi, Nigeria.
This study examines the Awareness and Practices of Environmental Sanitation by informal sector participants in Barkin-ladi town Plateau State, Nigeria. The objective of this study is to determine the efficiency of environmental sanitation practice by informal sector participants and to suggest an appropriate framework for efficient waste collection and disposal. Data was collected using a pretested, semi structured, interviewer administered questionnaire. A total number of 187 questionnaires were administered on the three categories of informal sector activities with trading (63 percent); cottage industries (14 percent) and tertiary services (23 percent) of the sample size. Descriptive analyses were done with frequencies and summary statistics to assess the respondents’ Awareness and practices of environmental sanitation. The results revealed that indiscriminate waste disposal is a common attribute of the informal sector operators: disposal of waste in open spaces constitute 54.5 percent, dumping in drainages constitute 49.7 percent while burning was 30.5 percent. 41 percent of the respondents observed monthly sanitation, 24 percent engaged in weekly sanitation. 19 percent engage in daily sanitation while 16 percent do not undertake any form of environmental sanitation. A lot of attention is still required in the development of basic sanitation infrastructure and also, in the promotion of strategies or interventions that influence behavioral change towards environmental sanitation especially by the informal sector operators in developing countries likes Nigeria.
Keywords: Knowledge, attitude, practices, environmental sanitation, informal sector participants
EFFECTIVENESS OF e-LAND DOCUMENTS MANAGEMENT SYSTEM A CASE STUDY OF NIGIS AGENCY MINNA
1 AHMAD, USMAN PAI 2 PROF. O.A KEMIKI 3 ZAKARI DODO USMAN
1&2 Department of Estate Management and Valuation, Federal University of Technology Minna. 3. Department of Estate Management and Valuation, Niger State Polytechnic Zungeru.
Land is the core of a nation’s development and it is essential to device methods for improving its management. The effect of the pressure on land and other natural resources is that communities develop a need to own land exclusively. This facilitates the emergence of various types of rights to use and develop the land as more permanent holdings. E-land documentation as a tool used in digital maintenance and keeping of land records and helped to reduce the chance of corruption magnificently has been bedeviled with inherent challenges that impaired main focus. It is on this basis the study assess the significant impact of challenges associated with e-land documentation process in the Minna metropolis. The utilized simple random technique to sample 340 digitized title holders through closed ended questionnaires. The study utilized both descriptive and inferential method of analysis to analyzed the responses from the respondents. The result of descriptive analysis through relative important index (RII) revealed that Inadequate public education and enlightenment on new digital certification process, inadequate propert identification of parties to transactions and the lack of proper authentication of documents were identified as most importance challenges associated with e-land documentation process, the result inferential analysis through chi-square test revealed that digitized title holders were not significantly differed in their understanding and experience of challenges associated with e-land documentation process. The study therefore recommends that the process should ensure proper education of public, simplicity and easiness in digital certification for clear identification of ownership.
Keywords: e-land, title document. Processing, challenges
INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION OF SKILLED LABOUR AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA
CHARLES C. AKPUH, PH.D.; & PRINCE G. ANONABA, M.A.
Department of History and International Studies, Babcock University
Skilled labour migration is an age-long national development variable across the globe, with a dual tendency to make or mare the development of any country. Critical survey of Nigeria’s experience with skilled labour migration portrays Nigeria more as an exporter of skilled labour. Even though Nigeria experiences immigration of labour from many countries, especially from its neighbours like Benin, Cameroon, etc., the exchange of skilled labour with the international community has remained skewed against Nigeria, both in size and benefits to sustainable development. This paper explored the underlying factors that define the skewness of the size and benefits of skilled labour migration between Nigeria and other countries of the world, alongside their implications for sustainable development in Nigeria. It was discovered that despite the numerous development plans and the accompanying initiatives by various administrations in Nigeria, unsustainable development has been a major challenge to Nigerian, because of excessive dependence on petroleum to fund national development initiatives. Also, the national government has been unable to basically design and execute the necessary projects through its local machinery and to be committed to providing enduring supply of soft funds for sustaining the projects. Moreover, its approach to national development programmes have been largely ad hoc. The problem is further exacerbated by the fact that the majority of immigrants in Nigeria are poorly skilled, mostly the highly skilled people emigrate to other countries from Nigeria. Mounting insecurity of lives and property, livelihoods crisis, inadequate infrastructural supply and maintenance, as well as geometric rise in food and commodity prices in Nigeria have been promoting skilled labour emigration from the country, leading to loss of manpower and unsustainability of development in Nigeria. The paper therefore concluded that since skilled labour emigration is detrimental to the Nigerian state, it should limit the factors that aid the emigration in order to ensure that the majority of its skilled nationals can stay and work or do business in Nigeria, thereby contributing their quotas to sustainable national development in Nigeria.
Keyword: International Migration, Skilled Labour, Sustainable Development.
KNOWLEDGE BASED AND AGENDA SETTING FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA
SANI JIBIR DUKKU Ph D
Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi – Nigeria
Ever since the beginning of modern science, from Galileo’s time onwards, knowledge has been sought about ‘the nature of nature’, how nature manifests itself and how mankind impact, and is in turn impacted upon, by nature. Human beings draw from their repertoire of knowledge to deal with problems that confront them as a society – either through procedural knowledge, declarative knowledge or both. This implies that there is a link between the process of knowing and how a society tackles its problems. Accordingly, this linkage means that understanding how people and societies acquire and use knowledge (and why they sometimes fail to do so) is a necessary guide on how to improve peoples’ lives. Concerns about sustainable development mirrors our (humankind) collective anxiety about the sort society we wish to create and how we wish to live in it. It is also about the sort of society we have created and the implications for present and future existence. For this reason, there has been a tremendous amount of efforts, generally, to expand and enrich the knowledge of sustainable development. Many developing and African regions have remained bystanders in the sustainable development discourse yet they bear the brunt of the fall-outs. This paper argues that a reversal of the cycle of decline in which Sub-Saharan Africa is trapped requires that the concept of sustainable development be considered from a much broader perspective than presently the case. Thus, a new knowledge of sustainable development is not only required but should also be sufficiently sensitive and respectful of the complexity and multiplicity of trajectories characterising the region. It is through this knowledge base that a useful sustainable development agenda for the region might emerge.
Key words: Sustainable Development, Knowledge, Agenda setting, Sub-Saharan Africa
THROWING AWAY AND RETRIEVING THE BABY WITH THE BIRTH WATER THE TOURISM:- HISTORICAL AND ECONOMIC POTENTIALS OF LOKOJA
*AYOZIE DANIEL OGECHUKWU PhD; **ABIAZIEM FORTUNE UGOCHUKWU; & ***RUFAU WASIU ADEYEMI
*Department of Business Administration, Federal University, Lokoja, PMB 1154 Lokoja, Kogi State, Nigeria Post Code 60601, Lokoja, Nigeria. **Department of Marketing, the Federal Polytechnic Ilaro, Ogun State, Nigeria. ***Regional Agric Business Unit (South West), Union Bank of Nigeria Plc Lagos Nigeria.
Tourism is the sum of the phenomenal and relationship arising from the interaction of tourists, business, host government and host communities in the process of attracting and hosting the tourist and other visitors. Is the sum total of tourists expeditions within the borders of a nation or a political subdivision or transportation centered economic area of contiguous states or nation Modern tourism is relatively a young discipline that is attracting the attention of the Government and scholars from all friends. It was thriving business in Nigeria with Notable tourist areas as the Yankari Games reserve, Umuahia War Museum, Obudu Cattle Ranch, Zuma Rock, Calabar Carnival but foreign Tourists to Nigeria have considerably reduced due to the security challenges in Nigeria like Boko Haram Insurgency. Armed banditory, Armed Robberies, Kidnapping and Political Instability Lokoja because of its peculiar position as a confluence and capital city of Rivers Nigeria and Benue and unofficial first capital of Nigeria where the first colonial Governor Lord Fredrick Luggard resided has a lot of local and foreign tourist potentials. The page evaluates the simple concepts of Tourism, Tourist, Visitor, recreation, foreign and Domestic Tourist, the Basic parts of tourism in Lokoja, and the diverse Economic potentials of Lokoja and what the Kogi and Nigeria governments will benefit from the Tourism potentials of the confluence capital of Lokoja. It discussed the areas and methods tube to evaluate the Tourism roles in tolls of Lokoja. It evaluates methods of evaluating Tourism costs, cases of tourism. The paper is a literature review and recommends that the Kogi State and the Nigeria government will benefit economically if the Historical and Economic potentials of Lokoja as the Historic Ancient city for Tourism in Nigeria. Lokoja and Nigeria are harnessed. It enumerates some problems, and recommends that Lokoja city has tremendous tourist potentials use to Kogi State and Nigeria.
Keywords: Historicity, Tourism, Visitor, Tourists, Domestic Tourist, Economic Potentials.
LA REVOLTE CONTRE LES PRATIQUES ABUSIVES TRADITIONNELLES: UNE ÉTUDE DE LE BISTOURI DES LARMES DE RAMOUNU SANUSI
Department of Business Administration, College of Management Sciences, J.S. Tarka University (Formerly Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi).
La scène littéraire africaine est préoccupée par la question d’émancipation de la femme de quelques aspects de la culture méfiante par un grand nombre d’écrivains. Dans le contexte traditionnel africain, la femme subit toujours les pratiques abusives qui torturent sa physique et sa psychologie. C’est une situation qui la rend désespérée et malheureuse aux yeux du monde. Cependant, au cours des années, la situation de la femme évolue et plusieurs écrivains dénoncent cette violence contre la femme dans la société. Ramonu Sanusi fait partie de ces écrivains qui prônent la libération de la femme de ces pratiques. Ils condamnent dans une manière brillante la marginalisation sociale de la femme par une discrimination et cherchent la possibilité de le faire cesser. Dans cette étude, nous tenterons de faire un survol de ces pratiques abusives comme figurent dans les œuvres de corpus et d’étudier l’idéologie adoptée par cet écrivain dans son roman Le Bistouri des Larmes pour dénoncer ces pratiques déshumanisantes contre la femme. Nous tenterons également d’évaluer la transformation de la condition de la femme, la femme qui se lève de la misère d’être inférieure et marginalisée jusqu’au niveau d’émancipation totale contre les pratiques abusives.
Les mots clés : émancipation, traditionnelle, méfiante, psychologie, malheureuse, violence, déshumanisation, libération.
INFLUENCE OF OPINION LEADERS ON VOTING DECISIONS OF URBAN AND RURAL ELECTORATES IN THE 2019 GUBERNATORIAL ELECTION IN SOUTH-WEST, NIGERIA.
DR OJOMO, OLUSEGUN; & AMOS, KOLAWOLE
Department of Mass Communication, Babcock University, Ilisan-Remo, Ogun State.
The successful conduct of elections in a democratic society depends largely on the flow of information about the candidates as it will determine the voting decisions of electorates. Opinion leaders are key sources of such information. Past studies revealed that opinion leaders are influential at swaying voting decisions of the electorate. The type of strategies used to influence voting decisions and the extent of their influence on voting decisions of electorate have however not been established by existing studies. Significant efforts have also not been made by existing studies to compare the influence of opinion leaders on the voting decisions of urban and rural electorates. The study adopted survey research design. The population of the study comprised all 11,897,401 registered voters in the three sampled states in South-west, Nigeria. A sample size of 1,067 was obtained. The multistage sampling technique was used for the study. The result showed that the extent to which opinion leadership influenced voting decisions was low for both urban (=3.33) and rural (x=3.31) The study also discovered that appeal to ethnic and religious sentiments was a strategy that opinion leaders used highly in the urban areas (x=3.53), while it used to a low extent in the rural areas (x=3.35). The study concluded that the extent of influence of opinion leaders was not as significant as generally perceived to be among urban and rural electorates. The study recommended that opinion leaders should evolve better strategies in order to significantly influence the voting decisions of urban and rural electorates.
Keywords: Opinion leadership influence, Opinion leadership strategies, voting decisions, Urban and rural electorates.
PROFESSIONAL MANPOWER AVAILABILITY AND HEALTHCARE SERVICE DELIVERY IN FEDERAL HOSPITALS ABUJA, NIGERIA
ATSUA, JUDITH TERKUMBUR; EZINNWAYI MADUKOMA (Ph.D); & IKONNE, CHINYERE .N. (Ph.D)
Department of Information Resources Management. Babcock University, Ilisan-Remo. Ogun State
The study examined professional manpower availability and healthcare service delivery in federal hospitals in FCT Abuja, Nigeria. The study employed survey research design. Total number of outpatient and healthcare personnel working in the National hospital and Federal Medical centre were chosen as the study population. Total enumeration sampling method was employed to include 356 general outpatient patients and 264 health workers in the selected federal hospitals. Data were collected using a well-structured questionnaire and analysed at 5% (P<0.05) level of significance. The study shows that qualification of personnel has a negative but insignificant effect on healthcare service delivery. Professional skills have positive but not significant effect on healthcare service delivery. Collaboration and team work posits a positive effect on healthcare service delivery. Lastly, professional manpower availability has a positive but insignificant effect on healthcare service delivery. The study concluded that Professional manpower availability has influence on healthcare service delivery in federal hospitals Abuja, Nigeria. It was recommended among others that the management in the federal hospital should deem it fit for sponsoring the health workers for training and development programmes to enhance their efficiency. Federal government should find lasting solutions to the problems of poor funding and movement of professional health workers particularly nurses/midwives to greener pastures.
Keywords: Healthcare service delivery, Professional manpower availability, Professional manpower, Healthcare service, professional health workers.
ARCHITECTURE, TOURISM AND ACCOUNTING ISSUES TOWARDS SUSTAINABLE ENTREPRENEURSHIP DEVELOPMENT IN GOMBE STATE: AN INTERDISCIPLINARY REVIEW
1ODETOYE SUNDAY ADEOLA; 2OSUNKUNLE ABDULMAGEED; 3AYUBA SANI DUBAGARI;& 4FLORENCE ONORORAKPOENE OTUAGOMA
1Department of Architecture, Ladoke Akintola University, Ogbomoso, Oyo State. 2Department of Architectural Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi, Bauchi state. 3Department of General Studies, NIHOTOUR Bauchi Campus, Bauchi. 4Department of Accounting, Faculty of Management Sciences, University of Calabar
The quest for the introduction of Entrepreneurship Education Development (EED) in the tertiary schools’ curriculum have led to a revival on the rate of unemployed youths and also that of Architecture, Tourism and Accounting practices. The professional practice of Architecture, Tourism and Accounting in actualizing various current National Development issues can never be over emphasized. In response to many challenges of National Development in the government national programmes such as National Directorate of Employment (NDE), Technology Incubation Programme (TIP), New Partnership For African Development (NEPAD), National Poverty Eradication Programme (NAPEP), Millennium Development Goals (MDG), Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) and Entrepreneurship Education Development (EED), etc with their issues, challenges, shortcomings and advantages. This review work exhibits the potentials of Architecture, Tourism and Accounting as an entrepreneur. It was suggested that government, private and public entities would identify those Architecture, Tourism and Accounting impacts raised in the paper and put them into use with global best practices for a developed Nigeria.
Keywords: Architect, Education, Entrepreneur, Development and Government
INTELLIGENT HOUSING: A PANACEA TO CRIME PREVENTION IN IBARAPA REGION, OYO STATE
1OYEDIRAN, K. K., 2LASISI, K.O. AND 2ALAO, A. A.
1Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Waziri Umaru Federal Polytechnic, Birnin Kebbi, Nigeria 2Department of Urban and Regional Planning, the Polytechnic, Ibadan, Nigeria.
Crime has become a burning issue in Nigeria as it affects lives, properties and economy of individuals, communities, regions and state as a whole. Every efforts made by the governments (federal, state and local government) and communities in curbing this act seem counterfactual, as crime is still rampant. This paper aims at filling this gap by assessing intelligent housing as a panacea to crime prevention in Ibarapa Region, Oyo State. This study is restricted to the crime of theft and burgles that are known to be influenced by nearby environment. Objectives set to achieve this include assessing the existing housing condition; to examine the crime mitigating measures adopted in Ibarapa region; and to proffer policies towards curbing crime in the selected region. Data were sourced through the primary and secondary means, multi-staged sampling method was adopted and data collected were analysed using descriptive analysis. The study anchors on the concepts of smart houses. Findings revealed that crime is still rampant in the study area and efforts such as vigilante group, day and night guards are in place to complement the services of the law enforcement agents. In addition, the design and condition of the houses and neighbourhood layout within the Ibarapa region favour crime. The paper concluded by recommending that security devices such as trackers, surveillance camera and strong burglaries should be installed in houses as well as neighbourhoods within the study area; good governance and public participation should be practiced at the local level.
Keywords: Intelligent, Housing, Crime, panacea, Ibarapa region
PEDESTRIANS’ PERCEPTION ON THE ASPECT BETWEEN “SAFETY” AND “CONVENIENCE” IN THE USE OF PEDESTRIAN BRIDGES IN LAGOS STATE
*ADEYEMI, TOPE S. AND AKINROGUNDE, OLUWATOYIN O.
Department of Estate Management, Ogun State Institute of Technology, Igbesa, Nigeria
Traffic related deaths as a result of traffic problem is as high as other life threatening ailments such as; cancer, HIV, kidney failure and so on. Pedestrian bridges are facilities constructed for the purpose of allowing pedestrians to cross varieties of road without being exposed to the risks of accidents of any kind. Even with the provision of these pedestrian bridges in Lagos, it is observed that pedestrians still do not comply with its use. This study sought the perception of pedestrian on the paramount aspect between “safety” and “convenience” in assessing their destination, using the major pedestrian bridges along the Ikorodu expressway as a case study. Data for this study was generated from both the primary and secondary sources. The study adopted a survey technique for data generation. Five (5) pedestrian bridges were selected and used for the study (Anthony, Palmgroove, Maryland, Ojota and Ketu). Findings from this study establishes the fact that functionality of pedestrian bridge in terms of usage is low, where 65.1% of the respondents indicated that they use pedestrian bridge occasionally, also, 23.3% of the respondents sees the use of pedestrian bridges as very stressful. The study observed that the commonest reason people do not use pedestrian bridges in Ikorodu expressway is because they feel it is time consuming, stressful, and far, which exacerbate the low level of compliance. Importantly, the study establish whether there is relationship between the use of pedestrian bridge and the achievement of “safety” and “convenience” using Chi-Square (X2) test at 0.05 significance level. The analysis suggests an association/relationship between the use of pedestrian bridge and the achievement of “safety” and “convenience” in the study area. The study concludes that pedestrian bridges are grossly under-utilized in the study area, while recommending compliance in the use of pedestrian bridge through constant public sensitization, introduction of iron barricades between road medians, periodic maintenance/renovation of pedestrian bridges, enforcement measures by relevant Government agencies, design/structural consideration for the aged and physically challenged persons, location of pedestrian bridges in traffic and accident prone areas.
Keywords: pedestrian, bridge, compliance, safety, convenience and traffic
MEDIA AS A TOOL IN FOSTERING THE POST-2015 AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT AGENDA FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN SUB – SAHARAN AFRICA IN 21ST CENTURY
*NDIJIDA MARY ANTHONY; *OMOTOPE ADEWUMI; & **USMAN ALI GULUK
*Department of Mass Communication, Federal Polytechnic Mubi, Adamawa State **Department of Library and Information Science, Federal Polytechnic Mubi, Adamawa State
The Post-2015 Development Agenda provides a unique opportunity for Africa to reach consensus on common challenges, priorities and aspirations, and to actively participate in the global debate on how to complete the MDGs and address emerging development issues. Published in March 2014, the Common African Position on the post-2015Development Agenda is the embodiment of that unity. The Position recognizes rising trends such as population growth and the youth bulge, urbanization, climate change and inequalities. It reiterates the importance of prioritizing structural transformation for inclusive and people-centred development in Africa. Since the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in Rio (1992), sustainable development remained elusive for many African countries, with poverty being a major challenge and desertification, deforestation and climate change its main treats. In spite of the fact that the child mortality rate in Sub- Saharan Africa declined five times faster during 2005-2013 than it was 1990-1995, the region still detains the highest rate. Agenda setting and Media development theories were adopted for the paper and recommends Improving domestic resource mobilization, Natural disaster risk reduction and management , Finance and Partnerships, and the use of media to propelled the implementation of the post-2015 development agenda for development.
Keywords: Post 2015development agenda, sustainable, development, media
EFFECTS OF BANDITRY ON INCOME AND LIVELIHOODS OF YAM MARKETERS IN SHIRORO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF NIGER STATE, NIGERIA
1MOHAMMED, U., 2UMAR I.S., 2OLALEYE, R.S., 3AHMAD B.S, 4MOHAMMED, U., 5UMAR, A.
1Department of Planning, Research and Statistics, Niger State Ministry of Agriculture, Minna 2Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, Federal University of Technology, Minna. 3National Cereals Research Institute Baddegi, Niger State. 4Niger State College of Education Minna. 5Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension Services, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Lapai
The study was on Effects of Banditry on Income and Livelihoods of Yam Marketers in Shiroro Local Government area of Niger State, Nigeria. Multi-stage sampling technique was used to select 197 of yam marketers. Data were collected using structured questionnaire and interview scheduled; and analyzed using descriptive statistics (percentage and frequency), multiple regression, Livelihoods status index and Kendell correction Coefficient. The result of Demographic characteristics revealed that majority of respondents were male, married with long year of experience in yam marketing. Also the results of Multiple regression indicate that the coefficient of Low participation on weekly contribution (Adashi) (1.9823.93) was negatively significant at 10% level of probability, implying that lack of access to weekly contributions possess a negative threat to livelihood of yam marketers. The result also shows that more than half (84.8%) of the respondents in the study area were of very low livelihood status. Similarly 16.8% and 17.7% of yam marketers respectively had decreased improvement in procurement of food items and Improved expenditure for non-food item following the banditry activities. However, constraints faced by yam marketers range from displacement of yam marketers from their native markets, (x̅=2.42), Rising of the price of yam steed (x̅=2.20) respectively. It was recommended that Establishment of sustainable yam market in different parts of the State and strengthening of State cooperation and fighting cross border movement of illicit arms and trafficking of drugs.
Keywords: Bandits, Income, Livelihoods, Yam, Marketers, Effects.
COMPUTER- AIDED TREATMENT DECISION APPROACH USING A CASE BASED REASONING SYSTEM FOR FIBROID DETECTION
1BINITIE, AMAKA PATIENCE 2BULUS, LUCY DALHATU, & 3KOIRANGA, ABDULLAHI HAMMANADAMA
1Department of Computer Science, Federal College of Education (T), PMB 1044, Asaba , Delta state, Nigeria 2&3Department of Computer Science, Federal Polytechnic, Mubi, PMB 35, Mubi Adamawa state, Nigeria
Uterine Fibroids are non-cancerous gentle growths of smooth muscle cells in the wall of the uterus, for which there are several possible treatment options. This paper considers various symptoms of uterine fibroid, some of the symptoms include, heavy bleeding, frequent urination, among others. Patients and Physicians generally approach the decision support process based on a combination of Patient’s symptoms and physician practice patterns. In this paper a thorough examination of case based reasoning System; applying both Inductive Indexing and Nearest Neighbour Retrieval mechanism as a decision support tool to facilitate more systematic Fibroid detection was done. A Case based Reasoning System constructed from C- sharp (C#) programming Language helped Patients to make this decision by exploring previous cases stored in the data base and reaching a conclusion in a very short time. Case based Reasoning system for Fibroid detection can ease the work of clinical Doctors in helping Patients in determining if a symptom is fibroid related or not within a shortest possible time.
Keywords: Fibroid, Uterus, Asymptomatic, Myomectomy, Hysterectomy, Pedunculated,
INVESTIGATION INTO PEOPLE’S AWARENESS OF EFFECT OF CONTAMINATED GROUNDWATER IN ARAROMI SPARE PARTS MARKET, AGODI GATE, IBADAN.
MS OMOLE, E.O,1 MRS IKOKIDE, S.Y2 AND MR ADEYEMI, S.O3
1Science Department, Emerald Laurel Comprehensive College, Felele Ibadan, 2&3Department of Biology, School of Science, Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo.
Humans have been a great threat to the environment due to their various activities that results to the release of harmful substances into the environment. The sales and repairs of automobile parts, release of spent engine oil, painting, panel beating, sales of tires among other activities have contributed to the contamination of groundwater (wells) in Araromi automobile spare parts market, Ibadan with heavy metals and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs). The study was carried out to investigate the people’s awareness of the effect of contaminated groundwater from the Araromi spare parts market, Agodi gate, Ibadan. Twenty 20 questionnaires were administered to respondents around each well, making a total of 140 questionnaires in all. Analyses was carried out on the results obtained and the results showed that CWW 1 and CWW 7 were used more often for cooking, drinking, washing bathing and ablution t. Ten mice were placed in each nine concentration groups and control designated CWW 1 25%, CWW 1 50%, CWW 1 75%, CWW 1 100%, CWW 7 25%, CWW 7 50%, CWW 7 75%, CWW 7 100% and the control group administered with distilled water. Five hundred (500 ml) of water samples from seven wells designated CWW 1-7 were taken for further study.
Keywords: Heavy metals, Ground water, fluoranthene, benzo(a)pyrene, anthracene, chrysene, benzo(b)fluoranthene, benzo(a)anthracene, benzo 1,2-anthracene and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs).
UTILIZATION AND SATISFACTION OF TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS SOCIAL HEALTH INSURANCE PROGRAMME (TISHIP) INFORMATION SOURCES BY UNDERGRADUATES FOR ACCESSING HEALTHCARE SERVICES IN AHMADU BELLO UNIVERSITY, ZARIA
*PHILIP GANA MALGWI; **DR. MONSURAT FUNMILOLA MOHAMMED; & ***DR. ALIYU MOHAMMED
*Department of Library and Information Science. **Department of Library and Information Science. ***Department of Human Kinetics and Health Education
The study assesses the Utilization and Satisfaction of Tertiary Institutions Social Health Insurance Programme (TISHIP) Information Sources by Undergraduates for Accessing Healthcare Services in Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. The objectives of the study is to determine the level of Undergraduates’ Utilisation of TISHIP Information Sources for accessing Healthcare Services in Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria; determine how the Utilisation of TISHIP Information Sources enhance access to Healthcare Services by Undergraduates in Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria; and to ascertain the extent to which Undergraduates are satisfied with TISHIP Information Sources for access to Healthcare Services in Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. Three (3) research questions were formulated for this study. The study adopted descriptive survey design. 381 students were sampled using cluster, proportionate and random sampling techniques out of the entire 42,779 population of the study using Krejcie and Morgan sample size determining table. Questionnaire was the instrument used for data collection which were collected, analysed and presented in tables using frequencies, percentages, mean and standard deviation. Findings of the study revealed that undergraduates utilised TISHIP Information Sources like Orientation and Matriculation, Friends, Students Handbook, Notice Boards, Social Media, Religious and Association Leaders, Campus Bulletin, Internet, Lecturers and Staff and Parents and TISHIP Information Sources enhanced access to Essential Drugs, Health Education, Routine Immunisations Accident and Emergency Care, Ear, Nose and Throats (ENT) and Internal Medicine. The study recommends that the management of NHIS should ensure their services are accessible through effective service delivery and provision of information to beneficiaries are issued through magazines and leaflets for the students to find available, access and use. The campus radio and television programs aimed at providing information to the students should also commence and that university medical centre should provide more information sources and services that will enhance access to other healthcare services available for the students.
Keyword: Information Sources, Utilization, Satisfaction, Undergraduates, TISHIP
INTERNET MARKETING TOOL IN BUSINESS SECTOR
OFUALAGBA MAMUYOVWI HELEN
Department Of Computer Science, Delta State Polytechnics Otefe, Oghara, Delta State.
Today, Internet marketing is the most inexpensive way to reach your target market, regardless of the size of your business. Internet marketing is also called online marketing, is the process of promoting a business or brand and its products or services over the internet using tools that help drive traffic, leads, and sales. Internet marketing a pretty broad term that encompasses a range of marketing tactics and strategies – including content, email, search, paid media, and more. This paper focus on internet marketing tools in business sector
Keywords: Internet, Website, Marketing, Email, Web Banner and business
INVESTIGATION ON EFFECT OF RADIATION FROM LAPTOP PARTS
MUSEFIU ADERINOLA; ABBA MOHAMMED; JOHN OHABUIRO; & MAHMUD D. MAHMUD
Department of Electrical Engineering, Hussaini Adamu Federal Polytechnic, Kazaure, P.M.B. 5004 Kazaure Jigawa State
Laptop is an electronic device use for storing and processing data typically in binary form according to instruction given to it in a variable program. Laptops are used to run different software in different field of study. Despite the advantages associated with laptop it poses some challenges when they are placed on the laps or closed to the users. Investigation shown that laptop should be placed 4ocm to 50cm away from the user because radiations from laptop are harmful when they are placed or used directly on our laps. laptops are batteries operated also plays a major role in reducing the rate of radiation emitted from these portable computers. But internal parts of laptop heat up and radiate. There is a generation of Extremely Low Frequency (ELF)by laptop from storage and computing processing. Prolonged placing of laptop on the lap expose the user to radiation which may produce biological effect on human health. This work used Cell Sensor to detect ELF from eighteen (18) laptops and mini laptops. It was found that the fan at back of the laptop emitted highest value of ELF radiation while the screen of the laptop had the lowest ELF radiation. The highest ELF at 0 cm for back of the laptop and screen are 4.85mG and 0.85Mg while the lowest ELF at 50cm laptop screen and back of the are 0.2mG and 0 Mg respectively. Therefore, the study suggested that less often the laptops are placed on the laps the more the health and safety of the users are guaranteed.
Keyword: Cell Sensor, laptop, Extremely low frequency, Radiation, biological effect
SUSTAINABILITY OF ARTWORK BUSINESS AFTER COVID-19 PANDEMIC IN IBADAN METROPOLIS, SOUTHWEST NIGERIA
ADELOWO GBENGA EDWARD
Department of Fine and Applied Arts Education, Oyo State College of Education, Lanlate
Art manufacturing and sales business is a good source of income, provides job opportunities and alleviates poverty in Nigeria, however, the outbreak of Covid 19 infection and all measures taken by State and Federal governments of Nigeria to curtail its spread bring hardship and devastating effect on economic sector of the country. Therefore, this paper investigated pandemic effect of Covid 19 on Artwork manufacturing and sales business in Ibadan metropolis, Southwest Nigeria. Descriptive survey research design was adopted for this study using sample of Twenty (20) artwork workers each from the five Local governments (Ibadan North, Ibadan North East, Ibadan North West, Ibadan South East and Ibadan South West) in Ibadan metropolis. A structured questionnaire was designed to collect data on profile and response of 100 Art workers using Four-point Likert-scale of Strongly Agree (4), Agree (3), Disagree (2) and Strongly Disagree (1) was used for computation on various constraints and sustainability of the business of growing tomato. The response with means 2.5 and above was regarded as Agree while mean less than 2.5 and Disagree. The data collected for the study were analyzed using mean and grand mean to answer the research questions. The result showed that artwork business was dominated by textiles, tying and dyeing (42.0%), spending between 6-10 years in the business (66.0%), operating a small scale business of less than #50,000 as capital investment (72.0%). It was also revealed that majority of Art workers experienced low patronage (3.3), difficulty in getting credit facilities (2.65) and unable to continue with the business (2.65). Therefore, it is recommended that government should more provide palliatives and capitals for the art workers to re-invest into the business.
Keywords: Art workers, Ibadan metropolis, Covid 19 pandemic, Governments
DEVELOPING ICT BASE VIRTUAL ASSISTIVE SYSTEM IN SUB-SAHARA AFRICAN INDIGENOUS LANGUAGE YORUBA LANGUAGE OPTION TO PROMOTE VIRTUAL COLLABORATION ABILITY OF INTELLECTUALLY CHALLENGED YORUBA ETHNICS LIVING IN RURAL COMMUNITIES FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT DURING THE COVID 19 LOCK DOWN
I.K. OJUOPE1; A.O. ADETUNMBI2; & O.E. OYINLOYE3
1Department of Computer Science, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare, Bauchi State, Nigeria. 2Department of Computer Sci., Federal Uni. of Tech., Akure, P.M.B. 704, Akure, Ondo State. 3Department of Comp. Sci., Ekiti State University, Ado Ekiti, Nigeria.
The inception of COVID 19 Corona virus pandemic disease has brought about the challenge of using Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in teaching and learning systems. The use of ICT in education is no longer a new idea, but the question is where the limit is when the use of ICT does not have the desired effect, most especially on the Intellectually Challenged individuals that cannot read and write in English Language. Most systems were developed without considering the fact that, there are different categories of users including people living with disabilities. From the report of World Health Organization (WHO) and World Bank (2011), physically challenged persons consist a significant proportion of the world’s population, about 15%, due to the differences in their educational level to the normal individuals, they are not always see as contributor to productive human capital development of the Society. Most of the Intellectual Challenged students have little access to education; this is as a result of difficulties they face in learning and comprehension. This paper focuses on the Developing ICT Base Virtual Assistive System in Sub-Sahara African indigenous Language Yoruba Language option to promote Virtual Collaboration Ability of Intellectually Challenged Yoruba Ethnics Living in Rural Communities for Sustainable Development during the COVID 19 Lock Down. It also compares the degree of efficiency of assistive System in Yoruba Language with the existing Applications in English Language. The design and methodology was based on the research work we carried out in one of the government school for handicap children in Nigeria. From the cognitive ability testing of the research, we found out that the students learn faster and easier with the use of Yoruba developed applications than English Language developed applications. Base on this, developing ICT base virtual applications in Yoruba Language option that will encourage the virtual learning ability of these individuals during the COVID 19 pandemic outbreak is highly imperative.
Key words: Sub-Sahara African, Indigenous Language, Virtual Assistive System, Information Technology, Intellectual Challenge, Yoruba Language, Yoruba Rural Ethnics, Sustainable Development, COVID 19 Pandemic lock down.
IDENTIFICATION AND PROVISION OF TRADITIONAL BLACKSMITHING FACILITIES IN FOR SUSTAINABLE HERITAGE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT
AMINA BATA ZOAKAH, HAFSAT HUSSAINI MAHMUD, SHEHU YAHUZA AND SAMAILA SANI
Department of Leisure and Tourism School of Science and Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi
The research work examines the “Construction of Traditional Blacksmithing Facilities in The Tourism Village of Federal Polytechnic Bauchi For Stainable Heritage Tourism Development”. The main objective of this studies is to evaluate the impact of blacksmithing machine to Bauchi heritage and tourism. Reference was also acknowledged from authors in chapter two. Data was collected by administering questionnaires to the staff in the polytechnic. Statistical package for social science (SPSS) was used to analyzed data. Based on the findings, it was revealed that, blacksmithing in Bauchi were okay and very good but as the time went on, many people lost interest, some migrated to other places for more lucrative opportunities and the ones that are around were encourage at all. The researcher recommended that, soft loans should be given to group that want to be involve in blacksmithing as to encourage them, and also the management of leisure and tourism department should endeavour to maintain the blacksmithing facilities for sustainable tourism studies.
Keywords: Blacksmith, Sustainable Heritage, Tourism Development
THE ROLE OF ACCOUNTING IN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF NIGERIA
MONICA SHADRACH, GODIYA JESSE WAFINZIDA & TITUS YAKUBU JACOB
Accountancy Department, Federal Polytechnic Mubi. Adamawa State
The accounting profession plays a great role in ensuring that resources are mobilised and channel towards economic development. This paper examine the role placed by the accountants in economic development of Nigeria. It highlighted some of the challenges of economic development and the way to move forward. It is suggested that all hands should be on desk in other to move the country to the next level in terms of economic development.
Keywords: Role of Accounting and Economic Development –
ASSESSMENT ON THE EFFECT OF NON-COMPLIANCE OF TAX PAYMENT ON THE ECONOMIC GROWTH IN NIGERIA: EVIDENCE FROM THE BAUCHI STATE INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE
ELKHOMUN DANIEL EHI, ODUMEGWU EMMANUEL CHIJIOKE & AYANWUYI JOHNSON
Department of Accountancy, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, Nigeria
The aim of this study was to examine the effect of non-compliance of the tax payment on the economic growth in Nigerian, while looking at the specific objectives which include: To investigate and analyze the adverse affect tax evasion and tax avoidance on government revenue, to examine how poor system of tax collection and remittance affect economic growth in Nigeria, to ascertain the extent to which the government of Nigeria prosecute or penalize tax evaders and tax avoiders. Ex -post facto and survey research designs was adopted in the work to investigate reasons for consistent low tax contributions to GDP in Nigeria over a period of four (4) years from 2017-2020. Secondary data were obtained through record of payment of personnel income tax from Bauchi State of Internal Revenue Service for the purpose of this research. The method of data analysis are descriptive statistics, correlation analysis and regression analysis through the use of Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) to examine the individual effects of tax revenue proxies of Expected Tax Revenue (ETR), Actual Tax Revenue (ATR), Tax Evaded and Avoided (TEA) and the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Government need to reposition the tax administrative system and sufficiently equip them to deal with complexities of technological advancement in global commerce, enforce compliance and track all taxable persons in order to generate sufficient revenue needed to foster economic growth in Nigeria.
Keywords: Expected Tax Revenue, Actual Tax Revenue, Tax evasion and avoidance and Gross Domestic Product
DEVELOPMENT AND SUPPLIES OF IRON ORE FROM THIRD WORLD: A POTENTIAL FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
ISHAQ T. MUHAMMAD, TANIMU G. IBRAHIM AND GEORGINA TERAN
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna, Nigeria.
This paper discuss the qualitative leaching of iron ore in hydrochloric acid and multi gravity separation method as new strategies for reducing lost of iron during production. The focus of the paper is on the potential of iron ore development and supplies from Third world for Sustainable Development and to enter and sustain in the export global competitive Market.
Keywords: Iron ore, Potential, Production Strategies. Sustainable Development,