BERKELEY PUBLICATIONS INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF AFRICAN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT (BJASD) (VOL. 16 NO. 2)
ISSN: 1334-4997 JUNE, 2021
Berkeley Research and Publications International,
Bayero University, Kano, PMB 3011, Kano State, Nigeria.
Nigeria, West-Africa. +234-708-717-3247
EFFECT OF FACILITIES PERFORMANCE ON STAFF SATISFACTION AND JOB PRODUCTIVITY IN GOMBE STATE UNIVERSITY
*SHAMSUDDEEN ISMAIL; & **ADEYEMI ADEBENGA, AND BALA ISHIYAKU
*Federal University Kashere and Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi. **Department of Estate Management and Valuation, Faculty of Environmental Technology, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Bauchi.
The paper aimed to assess the effect of facilities performance on staff satisfaction and job productivity in Gombe State University with a view of improving effective and sustainable facilities performance that will lead to staff satisfaction which can enhance job productivity. Respondents for this study were 1174 both teaching and non-teaching staff of the university. A survey research was carried out through the use of questionnaire instrument. A total of 285 questionnaires were administered to staff, out of which 260 were retrieved. The stratified random sampling technique was adopted for the study, while data obtained from the field were analyzed using multiple regression. Findings revealed that variance in the dependent variable (facilities performance) is explained by the independent variables (staff satisfaction and productivity). Participants predicted facilities performance is equal to 2.029 + .294 (satisfaction) + .070 (productivity). Both productivity and staff satisfaction were significant predictors of facilities performance but satisfaction is more significant. The study concluded that facilities performance have a significant impact on staff satisfaction and job productivity. The study also recommends that the university management should place more importance to staff’s satisfaction by providing necessary facilities conducive for work environment.
KEYWORDS; Facilities performance, staff satisfaction, job productivity
INFORMATION SOURCES, CAUSES AND RESPONSES TO FLOODING OCCURRING IN SOME SELECTED COMMUNITIES OF MAIDUGURI METROPOLITAN COUNCIL AND JERE, BORNO STATE
*PHILIP GANA MALGWI, AND **MATHIAS NZITIRI BWALA
*Department of Library and Information Science, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria. ** National Environmental Standards and Regulations Enforcement Agency (NESREA) Borno State Field Office.
Flooding has been negatively impacted communities recently due to the rising level of Climate change consequential from diverse human activities. It is one of the environmental crises that lead to waste of properties in millions in Nigeria. Information services provision has great roles to play in decision making if the people leaving in flood affecting communities. Providing timely and the right information to the people can help influence their decision to escape the damages caused by the flood. This study was aimed at identifying the information sources available to households of Gwange (III) and Jiddari Communities, to ascertain the causes of flooding in the communities and to find out what measures they take to respond to flood in the communities. The study, therefore, recommends that there is the need for the state government, CBO’s, NGO’s and other professional bodies to work in partnership to strategize and enforce environmental protection measures, implement a continual community-based and environmental-centred information services through the radios, community leaders and other agencies to provide timely information on flooding occurrences.
Keywords: Climate Change, Flooding, Information Sources,
POPULATION GROWTH AS A CATALYST FOR ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA
SANI JIBIR DUKKU Ph D
Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi – Nigeria
Over the next 40 years, Africa will have the fastest growing cities in the world. About 800 million Africans will either migrate to, or be born in, urban areas in the next four decades. By 2050 Africa’s cities and towns will house nearly 1.5 billion people, 60% of the region’s projected population. Globally, urbanization has proved an unstoppable process. International trends show that urbanization generates significant opportunities for growth, poverty reduction and environmental sustainability. This paper sets out to review both the challenges and opportunities inherent in population growth across Sub-Saharan Africa and proffer strategies that can be deployed to promote economic development in the region. The study employs the desk top instrument in data collection by assessing literature on urbanization, population growth and economic development relating to Sub-Saharan Africa. Secondary data was retrieved from journal articles, books and reports. The study recommends the adoption of City Enabling Systems (CES) in order to achieve economic development in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Keywords: Population growth, Urbanization, Economic Growth, Sub-Saharan Africa
PERFORMANCE OF DEVELOPMENT CONTROL DEPARTMENT: A PANACEA FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
KYETU OLIVER1 AND SANNI, LEKAN MOHAMMED1.
1Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Federal University of Technology, Minna
The town and country planning system, notably the development control department, plays a key role in the government’s strategy for supporting sustainable development. Land use and development objectives that are compatible with the goals of sustainable development are delivered through the development control department and activities. This study therefore seeks to assess the performance of development control department (DCD) in Gwagwalada. Primary data on three key areas of development control activities was gathered from the study area. The questionnaires were administered across six neighbourhoods in Gwagwalada: consisting of two low, medium, and high-density neighbourhood, respectively. The primary data were collected using a total of 366 questionnaires. The data collected were analysed using descriptive (mean) and inferential (ANOVA) analytical tool. The study established that development control department had a performance index of 2.13 (poor) for building control works, 1.86 (poor) for management of development control, and 1.36 (very poor) for complaints treatment and procedure, while the overall performance index stands at 1.76 (Poor). The study also revealed that the performance of DCD in Gwagwalada is not significantly different from one residential density to the other. The study concludes that the performance of development control in respect to her statutory objectives is poor, this pattern can be observed in all residential densities. The study recommends that the capacity of DCD should be enhanced by improving the human resource base, logistics and funding of the institution.
Keywords: Development, Control, Panacea, Sustainable, Development.
DRIVERS OF SLUM DEVELOPMENT IN THE KARU LOCAL GOVERNMENT, NASARAWA STATE NIGERIA
MUNIR MUHAMMAD JUNAID, PROFESSOR N. M. IDRIS, DR. A. T. OGAH, PROF. N. D. MARCUS
Faculty of Environmental Science Nasarawa State University, Keffi Nigeria
Constant migration of people in search of better goods and services to urban area is trending in the 20th century, this has depopulated the location migrated from and overpopulated locations migrated to. This activity has led to Urbanization which has resulted in the overdependence on available facilities in the urban areas like Housing infrastructure which has lead to the development of slums. This study evaluated the various factors of slum development in karu local government of Nasarawa state Nigeria, in order to proper sustainable cause effective solutions to the problems associated with slum development. In order to accomplish the aim, the study examined the drivers in six slum settlements selected from Mararaba, Karu and Masaka communities. It also identified the main causes of slum in the area and perceived needs and preferences of slum upgrading by slum dwellers. The study was based on survey research design and mixed technique approach (qualitative and quantitative) was used for data collection and analysis. Data for the study were collected through direct field observation, photographs, questionnaire administration and interviews. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics. The study revealed Urbanization as one of the main causes of slum development in the area. Based on the identified needs and preferences of the slum dwellers for upgrading which showed a sharp contrast with past interventions, participatory urban slum upgrading was suggested as the best strategy in dealing with slum upgrading in the area.
Keywords; slum, urbanization, causes, sustainable, development.
SUSTAINABLE URBANIZATION: THE ROLE OF HOSPITALITY INDUSTRY IN CITY DEVELOPMENT
OKUNOLA ADAFIN .A. OLAIYA AND BELLO HAUWA KULU
Department of Hospitality Management, School of Applied and Natural Sciences, The Federal Polytechnic, P.M.B 55, Bida, Niger State, Nigeria.
While large cities have always attracted visitors from outside, the concept of cities regarding the hospitality industry as potential importance and encouraging its growth is a recent phenomenon. The demand for travel to cities has greatly increased over the last few decades. While many travel for business or convention purposes, others are traveling on leisure time to learn about other cultures, to develop their specific interests, and to seek entertainment. Sustainable urbanization means to move on along with human-environment basis, and it includes all economic, social and environmental aspects. Today, the hospitality industry is a growing industry which plays an important role in sustainable urban development. It is a well-known fact that the hospitality industry is a sector that can contribute to the urbanization of a region. This study aims to assess the role of the hospitality industry in city development. This paper is an applied research and the method used in this paper is descriptive-survey. For this purpose, Bida a city and local government in Niger State, northwestern Nigeria was selected. The population consists of citizens, players in the hospitality industry and urban management experts of Bida Town. A total of 300 questionnaires were completed, and the descriptive statistics and t-test were used to analyze the data. The main indicators of sustainable urbanization, including social sustainability, environmental sustainability, architectural (physical) sustainability and economic sustainability were surveyed. The findings suggest that the development of the hospitality industry has the most positive impact on the economic sustainability index, and the lowest impact on environmental sustainability. Results of the surveys on the economic sustainability index showed that the hospitality industry has been effective in terms of city development with increased investment and improved per capita income. In the end, some suggestions for sustainable urban development in studied areas are offered.
Keywords: Hospitality industry, sustainable urban development, city development.
EVALUATION OF CRITICAL SUCCESS FACTORS (CSF) IN PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP (PPP) ON REMODELLED MARKETS IN NIGERIA
OLAROTIMI ABIODUN EMMANUEL; AND ANIFOWOSE MAROOF O.
Department of Quantity Surveying, Federal University of Technology, Minna Niger State
The study evaluated the critical success factors in public-private partnership (PPP) on remodeled markets in Nigeria with a view to improve the usage of the procurement method in markets remodeling. The study was a descriptive survey, using a semi-structured questionnaire in five sections namely: socio-demographics, rating of critical success factors in relation to markets remodeling, PPP Models relevant for markets remodeling, associated risks and risks allocation in relationship to markets remodeling. A total of 120 questionnaires were administered for the study. Data obtained from experienced developers, consultants and area councils’ works department staffs were analysed using descriptive and inferential for the study. The critical success factors identified in this study were factors at the preliminary qualification evaluation phase, the tendering phase, concession of award phase, the construction phase, operation phase and transfer phase. The analysis of variance of these factors to the level of usage of PPP model shows a significant impact of 89.5%. Design Build and Operate, Design Build Operate and Transfer, Operation and Maintenance, Build-Operate and Transfer, Design Build, Design Build Operate and Maintain are the most used PPP models for markets remodeling. Risks such as price, completion delays, operating cost, expropriation, review of tariff and change in interest rates were mostly reported with higher significant descriptive score. In terms of risk associated with remodeling of markets using PPP arrangement by the actors, the associated risk for the private sector was more compare to the public sector with mean score of 37.3 and 34.5 respectively. Overall, in this study, the results has shown significant success factors on remodeling of markets in FCT, Abuja Nigeria as well as the risks associated with it.
Keywords: Critical Success Factors (CSFs), Markets Remodeling, Public-Private Partnership (PPP)
A RESEARCH ON VEGETABLES CULTIVATED IN KOFAR MARUSA WATERWAY AND AJIWA DAM GARDENS AND THEIR PARASITIC CONTAMINATION
AHMAD LAWAL NUHU1, DANJUMA MUHAMMAD1, AISHA DANJUMA MUHAMMAD2
1Department of Biology. School of Sciences, Federal College of Education, Katsina 2Department of Business Education, Federal College of Education, Katsina
This study investigated the parasitic contamination on vegetables cultivated in KofarMarusa and Ajiwa Dam Gardens in Katsina State. 50 samples each of Lettuce, Carrot, Cabbage and Amaranthus were collected from each of the two gardens and processed using wet method. Parasites such as hookworm, E. histolytica, E. vermicularis, Schistosoma, paragonimus, B. coli and ascariswere detected in the vegetables.Sixty-seven percent (67.5%)of vegetables cultivated in KofarMarusa waterway gardens tested positive for parasite contamination while 42% of the same vegetables cultivated inAjiwa Dam gardens tested positive for parasite contamination. Lettuce is the most parasite contaminated vegetable with 45(90%) and 31(62%) prevalence while the least parasite contaminated is carrot with 7(14%) and 3(6%) prevalence for both KofarMarusa and Ajiwa Dam gardens respectively. The observed parasite prevalence do not significantly differs from the expected prevalence for KofarMarusa (χ2= 28.64;p>0.05) and Ajiwa Dam (χ2 = 22.10; P>0.05).Density of parasite in Lettuce (F1, 19 = 4.851; p <0.05), Cabbage (F1, 19 = 1.714; p <0.05) and Ammaranthus(F1, 19 = 1.231; p <0.05)from the two sites significantly differs with higher parasite density in KofarMarusa than in Ajiwa Dam garden except for parasite contamination in carrot which do not significantly differ (F1, 19 =.067; p >0.05). It was concluded that, vegetables cultivated in KofarMarusa waterway are more parasite contaminated than vegetables cultivated in Ajiwa Dam as such, vegetables should be washed properly with salt or any other safety means to sanitize vegetables before eating.
Keywords: Parasite, Vegetables, KofarMarusa Waterway,AjiwaDam, Gardens
RE-THINKING SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA THROUGH EDUCATION REVOLUTION: NIGERIA AS A CASE STUDY. A REVIEW.
Department Of Mass Communication, Federal Polytechnic Offa, Kwara State.
This article entitled “Re-Thinking sustainable development in Africa through education revolution, Nigeria as a case study” was based on review of related literature. The study identified economic growth, development of civil society, state building and liberal democratic political institutions, including both the rule of law and electoral democracy as development strategies. The study was able to identify development programmes in Nigeria from 1972-2007 and also education policies in Nigeria. The study reveals that there are major challenges militating against education revolution as a tool for sustainable development. Such factors include; curriculum content, intermittent strike action, quality of students admitted and paucity of funds. The paper therefore recommends that if education revolution would serve as a tool for sustainable development, the government must ensure that there is improvement in funding, curriculum content and quality of students.
Keywords: Sustainable Development, Education Revolution, curriculum content, quality of student. Paucity of funds.
INTELLIGENT OPTICAL HEALTH CARE ANALYSIS AND BLINDNESS PREDICTION SYSTEM USING TANIMOTO DISTANCE BASED CLUSTERING (TDB-C) MACHINE LEARNING MODEL.
A.D. ADENIYI1, N. S. AJOGE2. A. N. ABDULLAHI3
1,2Department of Computer Science, College of Science and Technology, , P.M.B. 2021, Kaduna Polytechnic, T/Wada, Kaduna, Nigeria. 3Department of Education (Tech), College of Technical and Vocation Education, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna, Nigeria
In recent years, medical errors have become a universal matter of concern to the international society. The quantity of medical errors due to human factor is becoming incredible to the extent that it has already become the fifth lethal. To alleviate this challenge, this paper proposes the design and realization of an automated optical health decision support and blindness prediction system using a simple but promising hybride predictive model by suitably combining the Tanimoto distance measurement with clustering technique. The proposed system is capable of overcoming scalability, computational complexity noisy data and low dimensionality attribute challenges. The proposed predictive engine is implemented through the use of an in- house developed PHP program experiment with XAMP/Apache HTTP server as hosting sever with MySQL application at the back end. The performance of the proposed system is compared with three baseline methods which are: the Euclidean distance K-Nearest neighbor (ED-KNN), the Case Based Reasoning (CBR) and the Traditional Clustering algorithms (TCL). The result shows an excellent performance of our system, with precision rates and predictive quality of equal to or greater than 75%. Therefore the proposed system is capable of providing accurate and efficient predictions to patients and the physician online, real time consistently and at any time.
Keywords: Tanimoto, clustering, predictive, machine learning, optical health, Decision Support , Blindness.
CHALLENGES OF URBAN WATER SUPPLY IN NIGERIA: STRATEGIES FOR SUSTAINABLE URBAN WATER SUPPLY IN NIGERIA
1LAWAL KABIR TUNAU, 1SULEIMAN ABUBAKAR, 1SOLOMON UMAH AND 2IBRAHIM MAMMAN
1Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Federal Polytechnic, Mubi Adamawa – Nigeria. 2Department of Environmental Science School of Environmental Science Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Mubi Adamawa – Nigeria.
The aim of this work is to assess the challenges of urban water supply in Nigeria. Specifically, the objective of the study is to highlight challenges associated with urban water supply in Nigeria, and to examine the existing strategies on urban water supply in Nigeria. This study employed survey research design to assessment the challenges of urban water supply. The research work demonstrated that water supply currently constituting a challenge to sustainable socio-economic development in the country. It was therefore recommended that, the government should as a matter of policy ensure through adequate funding and monitoring, the revamping of the dilapidated water infrastructure across the country. In addition, wealthy individuals should be encouraged to participate in the complementary roles played by the Federal, State and Local Governments including Donor Agencies in the attempt to tackle the water problem.
Keywords: Water supply, Challenges, Strategy, Sustainable and Urban.
FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING LITERACY: A PANACEA FOR IMPROVING PROFITABILITY OF SMALL SCALE ENTERPRISES IN MUBI METROPOLIS, ADAMAWA STATE
*ABUBAKAR MAHMUD BELLO; *GODIYA JESSE WAFINZIDA; & **ABUBAKAR BARKINDO
*Department Of Accountancy, Federal Polytechnic Mubi, Adamawa State. **Department Of Business Administration And Management, Federal Polytechnic Mubi, Adamawa State
This research focused on Financial Accounting Literacy: A Panacea for Improving Profitability of Small Scale Enterprises in Mubi Metropolis, Adamawa State. The objectives centered on the extent to which financial accounting literacy affects the profitability of small scale enterprises and the level of correlation between financial accounting literacy and profitability in small scale enterprises. A carefully structured questionnaire was used to collect data while random sampling technique was employed. A sample of eighty (80) respondents was used to carry out the study, which encompasses the different businesses. Chi-square at 5% level of significance and Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) were used in testing hypotheses 1 & 2 respectively. The result shows that financial accounting literacy indeed has a significant impact on the profitability of small scale enterprises in Mubi Metropolis and that a positive correlation exists between financial accounting literacy and profitability in small scale enterprises. Thus, the study recommends that the proprietors of small scale enterprises should be encouraged to undergo regular trainings in accounting techniques and procedures in order to generate more profits and prepare better financial reports.
Keywords: financial accounting, literacy, profitability, correlation, accounting techniques
PROPER MANAGEMENT OF HUMAN ECOLOGY FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN SUB-SAHARA REGION.
ISAH UMAR USMAN
From Federal Polytechnic Bida Niger State, Biological Science Department.
Over the last 50 years, the world looked at economic status alone as a measure of human development. Human creativity and activity has brought a breathtaking pace of technological innovations and scientific breakthroughs. Due to increased human population, pressure on natural resources is being increased so as to meet the basic requirements of growing population. Overexploitation of natural resources has caused many environmental problems. The developmental activities including agriculture have accelerated the process of desertification and also reduction of genetic diversity. Air, water and land pollution became a great challenge which is intimately connected with the population and ecosystem. Inland water bodies and coastal areas are treated as dumping ground for wastes which is adversely affecting terrestrial, aquatic and marine life. Unsustainable developments ignores that the human managed systems degrade the natural resources by consuming non renewable resources and reducing the capacity of natural system to renew or recycle the resource. Caring for natural resources and promoting their sustainable use is an essential response of the world community to ensure its own survival and well being. Sustainable development has local and global dimensions. At local level sustainable development implies to increase the productivity of ecosystem by environment preservation. However, at global level the productivity is increased by causing stress on the ecosystem. Sustainable development helps the people of the world to live healthy, fulfilling and economically secure life without causing any damage to the ecosystem as well as without the expanse of resources of the future generation and the planet. Sustainable development can be defined as meeting present needs without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. It is about leaving the opportunity for a decent life to our children and grand children. Ecologically sustainable development is about keeping ecosystems healthy. It is about interacting with ecosystems in ways that allow them to maintain sufficient functional integrity to continue providing humans and all other creatures in the ecosystem the food, water, shelter and other resources that they need.Subsahara(Nigeria and its neighbors) has not been ecologically sustainable because it failed to maintain the proper balance of forested water sheds essential for a healthy landscape. Nor is it ecologically sustainable development to ex terminate marine animals, destroy forests to obtain cooking fuel or pollute marine ecosystems with a lots of pollutants.
MASS MEDIA AND AWARENESS OF THE SDGS AMONG RESIDENTS OF IDO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF OYO STATE, NIGERIA
*ABEGUNRIN, A.O.; **POPOOLA, E.K.O.; & *MUSLIM, N.A.
*General Studies Department, The Oke-Ogun Polytechnic, Saki, Oyo State **Public Administration Department, The Oke-Ogun Polytechnic, Saki, Oyo State
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are a collection of 17 interlinked developmental goals designed by the United Nations (UN) to ensure better and sustainable future for all citizens of the world by 2030. However, more than five years after their adoption, it appears that many Nigerians, especially those at the grassroots level, are unaware of their existence. This paper examined the Nigerian media and level of awareness of the SDGs among residents of Ido Local Government Area of Oyo State. Using survey method, the paper found out that the level of awareness of the SDGs among the respondents is low. The paper also argued that the Nigerian media are not doing enough to create awareness of the SDGs among Nigerians. The paper, therefore, recommended that government and stakeholder, including the media, should gear up efforts on sensitization and awareness on the SDGs.
Keywords: SDGs, awareness, sensitization, media, development, grassroots.
EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF WIND SPEED EFFECT ON ELECTRICITY GENERATION OF SAVONIUS WIND TURBINE
1ABBA MOHAMMED, 2MUSEFIU ADERINOLA, 3OHABUIRO JOHN, 4JAFARU IBRAHIM, 5USMAN KABIR
1, 2, 3, 4 Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, 5 Department of Computer Engineering, College of Engineering, Hussaini Adamu Federal Polytechnic, P.M.B 5004 Kazaure, Jigawa State, Nigeria
Understanding the ways some factors are affecting the performance of renewable energy systems will enable the engineers to design and construct efficient and reliable renewable energy systems. This paper presents an educational experiment on the effect of wind speed on the performance of a two-bladed Savonius wind turbine. The mini wind turbine system incorporates a data logger which was constructed using NI DAQ (NI USB-6002), LabVIEW software, and a display unit for monitoring and recording the output voltage of the wind turbine over time. Furthermore, an Anemometer was used in measuring the wind speed. The recorded real-time voltage was exported to excel and used in comparing the voltages at different wind speeds by plotting a bar chart. At the end of the experiment, the result shows that an increase in wind speed causes an increase in the output voltage of the mini Savonius wind turbine. The experiment can be used for educational and demonstration purposes.
Keywords: Savonius wind turbine, Renewable energy systems, Wind speed
COMMUNITY MOBILIZATION FOR HEALTH CARE DELIVERY SERVICE: A TOOL FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA
Department of Primary Health Care Tutors, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna
Community mobilization is one of the strategies for the sustainable development in health care service and delivery in Nigeria. This paper took a closer look at community mobilization for health care delivery service: a tool for sustainable development in Nigeria. It is essentially a process for reaching out sectors of the community in creating partnership in order to focus on, and ultimately address, a pressing issue. The content of community mobilization and strategies are community organization, community mobilization and community involvement. The major purpose of community mobilization includes development and health, helping themselves, etc. The steps in carrying out community mobilization ranges from knowing the community as in geographical placement of the community; socially, culturally and politically, planning for mobilization, identifying the entry point etc. some of the following are challenges to community mobilization. They are; poor planning, insufficient fund, wrong use of language, community culture belief, hostility of the health worker etc. Patience and endurance, clear line of communication, cooperation between health workers and community members, honesty and sincerity in the process and regard to the community culture & religious belief, or tradition are some of the factors responsible for sustaining community mobilization. The paper recommended amongst others that community resources should be identified and studied by relevant stakeholders. An inventory of nongovernmental development structures, agencies and organizations in each country, locality states should be conducted, documented and used.
Keywords: community, mobilization, sustainable development, strategies
ARCHITECTURE AND INTEGRATED FARMING RESOURCES TOWARDS SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA
1BELLO MUSBAU ADEWUMI; 2OLUWASEUN OLAYEMI; 3MOHAMMED BALTEH; & 4OSUNKUNLE ABDULMAGEED
1&2Department of Architectural Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Offa, Kwara State 3Department of Building Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi 4Department of Architectural Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi.
Due to the current trend of the economic recession, the initiation of this work looks primarily into the concept of providing a low cost home to less privileged and food security. Architecture and Farming Resources showcases buildings that produces plants and animals. The organic technology resources here focuses on the production of different high value crops like tomatoes, vegetables, maize, and beans. Other components of the integrated farm include chicken (native and exotic), cow, goat and ram raising with fish culture. The approaches to fertilizer uses, pests and diseases control is purely organic in nature, in which, raw materials come from available farm wastes, indigenous plants and crops that are easily found and grown within the area or nearby areas. However, the need for design, construction and management of such two in one building facilities are too much of a heavy burden to bear due to some circumstances beyond the control of the masses. Hence, the work is aimed at studying the various concepts in achieving sustainable farming development in terms of how to obtain and use architectural innovations, waste to wealth initiatives, constructions, cutting-edge technologies, principles, laws and regulations among others. As a result of the above, this paper revisits as well as appraises the issues and challenges of architecture and integrated farming resources for positive implementation and benefits for the masses.
Keywords: Architectural innovations, cutting-edge technologies, economic recession, less privileged, sustainable farming,
THE PERSPECTIVES OF ESTATE SURVEYORS AND VALUERS ON DUE PROCESS AND PROCUREMENT OF PUBLIC BUILDINGS IN NIGERIA
*DOTUN OLUWADARE OLUTOLA; & **LATEEF OLALEKAN ANIMASHAUN
*Globacom Ltd., 23, Okpara Avenue, Enugu State, Nigeria. **Oyo State Housing Corporation, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.
Due process is a motive of achieving the best value for money and in achieving the motive in a project development, procurement must be observed and considered. The research work tends to study the roles of estate surveyors and valuers in due process and public procurement in Nigeria public buildings using the federal university of agriculture, Abeokuta as a case study, in carrying out this study, the following research questions arises and was examined such as: does the roles of estate surveyors and valuers exist in project planning due process and procurement; how vital is these roles implication in the execution of a project; does procurement takes a due process in project planning; also is there any challenges associated with the development of public buildings. The objectives were also examined vividly and achieved through a research methodology adopting the preparation and administration of well-designed questionnaire, likert scale research method, data and information were collected through both primary and secondary data collection technique and was analyzed by a statistical package for social scientist (SPSS) which leads to the summary of findings, conclusion and recommendation. The major conclusion of the study is that roles of estate surveyors and valuers should not be under look or should be eradicated in project development despite the function of other professionals in the development team, the roles of estate surveyors and valuers is needed and essential from the preliminary stage to the completion of any project also at the managerial stage of such projects.
Keywords: Due Process, Procurement, Public Building, and Estate Surveyors and Valuers
CORRUPTIONS AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: AN APPRAISAL OF NIGERIAS FOURTH REPUBLIC.
MARYAM ABBA HABIB; YUSUF MOHAMMED; & UMMA ISHAKU JIBFIN
Corruption remains one of the fastest growing social problems in Nigeria. It is virtually becoming a way of life that permeates both private and public sectors of the economy. Over the years, this pervasive behavioural proclivity has earned the country the notorious status of one of the most corrupt nations in the world. Despite seemingly concerted efforts of past and present administrations to combat corruption, the problem remains persistently endemic with disastrous consequences for the Nigerian society. It is against this backdrop, that this work specifically explores the upsurge of corruption and its implications for sustainable development in Nigeria. Within the Principal-Agent theory the work maintains that people indulge in pervasive corrupt behaviour as a result of how corruption is perceived and valued. The work maintains that corruption, especially in the public sector, breeds infrastructural decay, high cost of governance, insecurity and distorted development priorities thus making the hope of achieving sustainable development a mirage. This, no doubt, explains why sustainable development has continued to elude Nigeria despite its abundant natural endowment and robust development initiatives. In order to translate its abundant natural resources into sustainable development, the work recommends among others, that as a matter of urgent necessity, Nigeria must adopt a trado-religious social control measure in its anti-corruption reforms.
DETERMINATION OF GROUNDWATER QUALITY FOR HUMAN SUSTAINABILITY IN IDAH; KOGI STATE.
1JOY ANWULI JEGEDE; & 2PAUL DANLADI ADAH
Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Federal Polytechnic Idah, Kogi State.
This study was carried out to determine the physicochemical properties of groundwater (Borehole and Well) in Idah, Kogi State for human sustainability. Six water samples were collected from three Neighbourhoods in the study area, one for each season (rainy and dry seasons) and analysed in a standard Laboratory. Eleven water quality parameters – Total Hardness, Sulphate, Dissolved Oxygen, Chloride, Phosphate, Nitrate, pH, Temperature, Alkalinity, Chemical Oxygen Demand and Biochemical Oxygen Demand were investigated and results presented and discussed. The results from the analysis revealed that the values of the water parameters tested were within the permissible limit of WHO (2011) and Nigerian Standard for Drinking Water Quality (NSDWQ, 2007). Though the study did not include heavy metals and microbial analysis of the water parameters, the analysed result shows that the water is relatively safe for human consumption and other domestic uses but should be subjected to adequate treatment to ensure sustainability.
EFFECTIVE STRATEGIES FOR TRAINING THE PHYSICALLY CHALLENGED ON DISCOVERING AND EXPLORING SUB-SAHARA AFRICAN RESOURCES AND OPPORTUNITIES WITH THE USE OF VIRTUAL BASED ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (AI) DURING COVID-19 LOCK DOWN FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN 21ST CENTURY
*I.K. OJUOPE1; A.O. ADETUNMBI2; & O.E. OYINLOYE3
1Department of Computer Science, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare, Bauchi State, Nigeria. 2Department of Computer Sci., Federal Uni. of Tech., Akure, P.M.B. 704, Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria. 3Department of Comp. Sci., Ekiti State University, Ado Ekiti, Nigeria.
The world is currently facing a rapid and deep economic slowdown as a result of COVID-19 global pandemic. The gravity and depth of global nature of this recession, which may turn to depression, suggests that this pandemic may significantly affect global resources mining sector. The majority of countries consider resources mining to be essential tools for sustainable development, meaning that the effect of COVID 19 lock-down on the mining industry and production has been at increase (Simon, 2020). The global pandemic crisis of COVID-19 brought big challenge of enforcing lock – down to control the fast spread of the deadly disease. Several employees brought their job home with the use of virtual technology. Some sections of works such as exploration of resources that cannot take home suffer much setback and loss; this affects bringing sustainable development into reality most especially in Sub-Sahara African. This calls for the training of the resources explorers most especially the physically challenged with the use of Artificial Intelligence for discovering and exploring of these resources during COVID-19 corona pandemic lock-down. As a result of this, this work focused on Effective Strategies for training the physically challenged on the Discovering and Exploring Sub-Sahara African Resources and Opportunities with the use of Virtual Based Artificial Intelligence (AI) during COVID-19 Lock Down for Sustainable Development in 21st Century. The report of World Health Organization (WHO) and World Bank (2011), persons carry a significant proportion of the world’s population, about 15%. As a result of differences in access to exploration of resources to the normal individuals, they are rarely seen as contributor to productive human capital development of the Society. Most of the persons have little or no access to the resources that drive the economy. Training these people on the use of AI to discover and explore resources in Sub – Sahara African will enhance their ability to contribute to the realisation of the sustainable development goals.
Keywords: , Discovering, Exploring, Sub-Sahara African, Resources, Virtual Reality, Artificial Intelligence, COVID-19 Lock Down, Sustainable Development.
EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH FOR INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE AND NEW DISCOVERIES FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA
GIDEON, VICTOR OLORUNFEMI PhD
Nigerian Institute of Social and Economic Research (NISER) Ibadan-Nigeria.
Societies all over the world depends on their indigenous knowledge to solve their day-to-day socio-economic problems, address various environmental challenges, and adapt to change. In spite of the colonial administration and its associate viewing indigenous knowledge as being non-scientific, illogical and anti-development, the African indigenous communities have always found value in their own local forms of knowledge. The status and importance of such indigenous knowledge changed in the wake of the landmark 1997 Global Knowledge Conference (GKC) in Toronto. The conference emphasized the urgency of learning, preservation and exchange of indigenous knowledge. Such emphasis was expected to guarantee maximum exploitation of ind igneous knowledge for the common good of Africans. It therefore become necessary to discuss how African indigenous knowledge can be an important tool for enhancing teaching-learning process among the Africans in order to address any identified problem and to promote socio-economic development in Africa. African indigenous knowledge identifies the needs of its people and tailors its traditional and informal system of education to foster development. The imposition of the modern or western education on Africa brought with it both “positive” and “negative” implications. The primary objective of this paper is to direct attention to the continuing disconnect between Africa’s indigenous knowledge systems and those imported and superimposed on the region through the education curricula.
Keywords: Indigenous, Education, National, Development, Africa.
BOARD CHARACTERISTICS AND FINANCIAL REPORTING QUALITY OF LISTED INDUSTRIAL GOODS COMPANIES IN NIGERIA
GEHYA EMMANUEL FILLI (PhD); & MONICA SHADRACH
Department of Accounting, Federal Polytechnic Mubi Adamawa State.
This paper examined board characteristics and financial reporting quality of listed industrial goods companies in Nigeria. Specifically, the paper examined the effects of board characteristics attributes of gender diversity, size and independence. The population of the study consist of the twenty listed industrial goods companies as at the time of data collection (2009-2018). Judgemental sampling technique was used to select nine companies from the population as sample size and analysed using descriptive statistics. The result of the analysis shows that gender diversity does not have significant effect on financial reporting quality of listed industrial goods companies at 5% level of significance. However, board size and board independence have significant effect on financial reporting quality. The study therefore concludes that board characteristics has significant effect on financial reporting quality and recommend among others that the Nigerian Securities and Exchange Commission increase its monitoring mechanisms to ensure that listed companies adhere to the regulations of the Nigerian corporate governance code which emphasized that the composition of the board be made of directors with adequate skill, independence, diversity and size.
KEYWORDS: Gender Diversity, Board Size, Board Independence and Financial Reporting Quality.
LACONIC DESCRIPTION ON CALIPH AHMADU ATIKU: THE 5TH SARKIN MUSULMI OF SOKOTO
YUSUF SARKINGOBIR 1, ALIYU UMAR SHARU 2
1Department of Biology, Shehu Shagari College of Education Sokoto, Nigeria 2Department of Islamic Studies, Shehu Shagari College of Education Sokoto, Nigeria
Shehu Danfodiyo created Sokoto Caliphate through strivings to clear innovations, and polytheism out of the hausaland. He was the first leader of the faithfuls who received oaths of allegiance from his adherents. After him, successive caliphs followed. The 5th Caliph turbaned was the grandson of Shehu, Ahmadu Atiku. Ahmadu reigned in 1859-1866 A.D. This paper discussed in brief the history of Caliph Ahmadu Atiku, more especially his life on the throne and achievements therewith. Ahmadu had been successful as the Caliph with the most peaceful and tranquiled reign among the grandsons of Shehu.
Keywords: Caliph, Sarkin Musulmi, Ahmadu, Sokoto Caliphate, Islam, Hausaland, military campaigns
MONITORING DESERTIFICATION USING TASSEL CAP TRANSFORMATION INDEX IN YANAKARI NATIONAL PARK, BAUCHI STATE, NIGERIA
1TANKO BINIBONORI SALIHU, 1SULEIMAN MOHAMMED DAJI AND 2GAMBO HYELLAGUNACHA GUNDRI
1Department of Urban and Regional, Planning, Federal Polytechnic Mubi, Adamawa State 2Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Modibbo Adama University Technology, Yola, Adamawa State.
Desertification is a process that integrate climatic elements with human activities in transforming productive land into an ecological impoverished area generally refers to as desert. Nigeria is one of the countries in the sub-Sahara Africa that is faced with a rapid desert encroachment, with a notable effect on the northern part of the country where the Yankari Park is located. This research project investigated the greenness, brightness, and wetness maps of Yankari Park compiled from images taken for five epochs (2014 to 2018) in order to examine the rate of desertification in the Park. The three maps have shown that, in 2014, the study area has small patches of open spaces denoted by low greenness and wetness values but with high brightness values. These areas were majorly located in the south-eastern part of the study area as well as in the far northern part of it. In 2015, a rapid change in the land cover was observed in all the maps with large portion of the study area, especially around the boundary, converted to open space or bare soil indicating desertification. However, a steady recovery of the grass land was observed from 2016 to 2018 making the area largely dominated by grass land. Although, the grass land did not only expand towards the open space areas but also towards the forested areas causing deforestation. Hence, the study area is not experiencing desertification at the moment but deforestation and it needs to be addressed to avoid carbon loss and to prevent the tendency of future desertification in the area.
Keywords: Brightness, Wetness, Greenness, TCT, GIS, Remote Sensing, Landsat TM.