SUB-SAHARA AFRICAN JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY EDUCATION RESEARCH (SJCER)
VOL 19 (8) MARCH, 2021 ISSN: 2185 – 8555
Sub-Sahara African Academic Research Publications,
Centre for African Development Studies, University of Ibadan,
P. O. Box 10108, U. I. Post Office. Ibadan Oyo State, Nigeria, West-Africa.
IMPLEMENTATION OF THE STRATEGIC PLAN ON STANDARD AND QUALITY ASSURANCE IN SECONDARY EDUCATION IN NIGERIA
EGBOSI, IFEOMA BRIDGET (Ph.D), ONUORAH, HELEN C. (Ph.D), MBONU, VICTORIA
Department of Educational Management and Policy, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Anambra State
The study examined the extent of implementation of the strategic plan on standard and quality assurance in secondary education in Nigeria. One research question guided the study and one hypothesis was tested at 0.05 level of significance. Descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. The population of the study comprised 1,226 respondents made up of 12 principals and 1,214 teachers from the 12 Federal Government Colleges in South East, Nigeria. Twenty percent of teachers were sampled for the study using simple random sampling while the entire population of principals was used because they were manageable. This amounted to a sample of 254 respondents (242 principals and 12 principals). The instrument for data collection was a structured questionnaire developed by the researcher based on the activities proffered in the strategic plan. The instrument was validated by three experts, two in educational management and policy and one in measurement and evaluation in the faculty of education, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka. The instrument was further subjected to reliability testing through a pilot test on 20 educational planners in Delta State who were not included in the population of the study. The application of Cronbach Alpha reliability method on the obtained data yielded coefficient value of 0.86 for internal consistency. Data collected from the respondents were analyzed with mean, standard deviation and t-test. Finding reveals that the strategic plan on standard and quality assurance in secondary schools in Nigeria have been implemented to a low extent. Finding revealed no significant difference in the mean ratings of principals and teachers on the extent the strategic plans on standard and quality assurance in secondary schools have been implemented in South East, Nigeria. Based on the findings, the researchers recommended among others, that government should as a matter of urgency make available funds for the full implementation of the strategic plan. It was also recommended that the federal and state ministries of education should improve on their collaboration with the private sector in the areas of infrastructural development, funding and expertise development.
Keywords: Implementation, Strategic Plan, Standard, Quality Assurance, Federal Ministry of Education
A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS OF FACULTY OF EDUCATION, KEBBI STATE UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, ALIERO, NIGERIA
*SAGIR MUHAMMAD; & **MUZA S.H
*Department of Science Education, Kebbi State University of Science and Technology, Aliero Nigeria, P.O. Box 1144, Aliero, Kebbi state, Nigeria. **Department of Education, Kebbi State University of Science and Technology, Aliero Nigeria, P.O. Box 1144, Aliero, Kebbi state, Nigeria
This study compared the performance between male and female undergraduate students of faculty of education, Kebbi state university of science and technology, Aliero. Nigeria. The research design of this study is a combination of two research designs, namely documentary analysis and survey design. The population of the study comprised of the entire undergraduate students from the faculty of education. A sample of 350 students was drawn from the target population. Stratified random sampling was used to determine the sample size of male and female in the quantitative approach. Simple random sampling was used to select the actual students that participated in the study. The instrument used for the collection of data was questionnaires. To establish the validity of the instrument, experts and professionals were consulted. The collected data from the pilot study were statistically analyzed to determine the reliability coefficient. The study also used the final cumulative grade point average (CGPA) of students’ examination results in 2019/2020 academic session of the sampled students obtained from the examination officer for the analysis. The independent t-test statistics was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 levels of significance. The findings revealed that the male and female students of the faculty of education have no significant difference in their academic performance even though the male students had slightly higher mean scores than the female students. It is concluded that there are no longer distinguishing differences in the academic performances of students in respect to gender. In addition, some recommendations were proffered.
Keywords: Comparative analysis, Education, Faculty, Performance and Students
THE TEACHING OF CHRISTIAN RELIGIOUS STUDIES AS WAY OF IMPROVING, MORAL STANDARD IN NIGERIA SOCIETY
*WADAM Z.S.; *ADAMU E. R.; & **SAMSON I. M
*Department of Arts Education Faculty of Education University of Jos, Plateau State. **Department of Religion and Phylosophy, Faculty of Arts, University of Jos.
The paper is designed to show the Christian religious studies teachers as moral model in the society or community. The research also tries to point out the role of Christian religious teacher as a edible mark, which every person in the community is expected to copy issues on the call and motivation of the Christian religious teachers are taken into consideration, their attitudes attributes to both old and young people in the community and the students at large. The paper also focuses attention on the moralities of the Christian religious teacher, his answers to the spiritual role in the school, in the church to have represented the pattern of his work as a moral leader. However, other important role the Christian religious teachers are expected to wipe out morally and instituted the fear of God into the minds of children, while his students would immolate his good lifestyle.
Keywords: Teachers Christian religious studies, way of improving, moral standard, Nigeria society
IMPACT OF TEACHERS’ QUALITY OF CLASSROOM CONTROL AND HUMAN RELATIONSHIP ON STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN NORTH-CENTRAL ZONE, NIGERIA
*USMAN MOHAMMED; *DR. M. I. HARBAU; & **PROF. B. A. MAINA
*Department of Educational Foundations and Curriculum, Faculty of Education, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. **Institute of Education, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria
This study was on Impact Teachers’ Quality on Students’ Academic Performance in Secondary Schools in North-Central Zone, Nigeria. The study has two objectives which are; find out the Impact Teachers’ Quality of Classroom Control and human relationship on Students Academic Performance in Secondary Schools in North-Central Zone, Nigeria. In line with these objectives, two research questions, two null hypotheses were formulated. Related literatures were reviewed. Descriptive research design was adopted for the study, a total of 380 respondents were sampled from the total population of 46077, through the use of research advisor (2006). A structured questionnaire designed on 5 point likert scale was used to collect data from the respondents. The data collected were presented in table and were analyzed using weighted of 3.0. The two null hypotheses were tested using One Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) at 0.05 alpha levels of significance. Findings of the study were; Teachers’ effective classroom control created enabling environment for effective curriculum implementation leading to improved students’ academic performance and Teachers’ human relationship with students served a regulatory function for the development of emotional, behavioral, and academic skills and further sharpened their behaviour towards their study in secondary schools in North-Central Zone, Nigeria. It was recommended that: Class teachers should establish workable classroom rules and procedures that are peculiar to their school and the students in order to have effective classroom control and that Every teacher should establish good human relationship between him and his or her colleague and between him and his students within the school setting, this will pave way for smooth and mutual relationship between teachers, students and the school management. The study concluded that Teachers’ quality of classroom control and good human relationship is a potent tool for determining students’ academic performance in secondary schools in North Central Zone Nigeria. Teacher quality is therefore a panacea to students poor performance if given due attention.
Keywords: Impact, Teachers’ Quality, Classroom Control and Human Relationships and Students’ Academic Performance
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN STRESS MANAGEMENT AND TEACHERS’ JOB EFFECTIVENESS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN NORTH CENTRAL STATES OF NIGERIA
YAKUBU, SANI Ph.D; EMAKPOR, PETER CHUKS; KEHINDE ADEWALE AYOTUNDE
Department of Educational Management, Faculty of Education, Nasarawa State University, Keffi
The study assessed the relationship between stress management and teachers’ job effectiveness in secondary schools in North. One research question with corresponding objective and hypothes1s was generated to guide the study. The study was guided by correlational survey research. The population of the study consisted of 43,271 teachers. The sample size of this study consisted of 4,324 respondents. Self-designed questionnaire that consisted of 14 items was used for data collection. The instrument yielded 0.80 as the logical validity index and 0.75 as coefficient of internal consistency. Descriptive statistics of mean and standard deviation were employed to answer the research questions while Pearson’s product moment correlation was used to test the hypothesis at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study showed that there is a significant relationship between management of physical stress relates to teachers’ job effectiveness in secondary schools in North Central States of Nigeria. The study recommended that there is need for every state government in North Central Geopolitical Zone of Nigeria to employ additional teachers as school enrolment increases in order to ensure that teachers are assigned with less teaching responsibilities so that the physical stresses they encounter due to much workload could be avoided to enhance their effectiveness in performing their assigned responsibilities.
Keywords: Relationship, Stress Management, Teachers’ Job, Effectiveness, Secondary School.
A CRITIQUE OF THE IMPACT OF COVID-19 REGULATIONS ON NIGERIA SCHOOL SYSTEM
DR ADU EMMANUEL IFEDAYO; AND DR ADE AJAYI
Educational Technology Department. Bamidele Olumilua University of Education, Science and Technology Ikere (BOUESTI), Nigeria.
This study investigated the impact of COVID-19 regulations on Nigeria school system. A critique approach was introduced in this study, which involved critical discourse of issues pertinent towards this research. However, this study findings showed that additional effort is required towards ensuring better implementation of COVID-19 regulations in Nigeria educational system. Thus, relevant conclusion and recommendation were made based on this study findings.
Keywords: Critique, COVID-19, Educational Technology, Nigeria, Regulations.
INDIGENOUS SCIENCE PRACTICES FOR APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT AMONG WOMEN IN BORNO STATE: IMPLICATIONS FOR CLASSROOM LEARNING.
MOHAMMED YAKUBU AMUDA1; BABAGANA ALI2; & AUDU YAHAYA3
Department of Chemistry, Kashim Ibrahim College of Education P.M. B 1469, Maiduguri. Borno state. Nigeria
The justification for traditional science practices is that people construct a safer science able to solve African problems and other nagging world problems. In the process of industrialization, local knowledge is often developed relative to the modern knowledge and technologies that develop to serve the needs of the new commodity generating economy in developing countries like Nigeria. It is often the case that women , ethnic minorities and others remaining more on the margins of the new economy, and this allows them to retain indigenous knowledge long and the sudden commercial interest in indigenous practices often target women and themselves as potential sources of this local knowledge for industrialization. This paper examines the African indigenous practices and knowledge acquired among women and how these practices are blinded with the related science concepts. It shows that African traditional practices are thought system that can have equivalent value with the scientific practices in the western paradigm system though it is not itself paradigmal. The indigenous practices and knowledge acquired among women must convince others that these practices are tools to help them as well as translating what they practice and relate it’s to science classroom. Two research questions guided the study. Samples of sixty (60) participants consisting of skilled and unskilled women in confined internally displaced area (IDA) of the community or camp (in Maiduguri) were targeted, and science teachers teaching science subjects were randomly selected from the post primary schools in the IDA camps in Maiduguri metropolitan council. The instrument used to collect the data were check list, oral interview and simple percentage and frequency counts were used to express the data. It was found that most of the women do practice the indigenous practices and few do not practiced it and that ll the identified indigenous practices are embedded with science concepts, ideas and principle
Keywords: Science Practices, Indigenous practices, Indigenous knowledge, Indigenous women and Classroom learning.
EFFECT OF SCAFFOLDING INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGY: A PREDICTOR OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN ECONOMICS IN ISEYIN LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF OYO STATE
OJO, MICHAEL BAMIDELE; AND FEMI-ADEOYE, KUDIRAT OYEWUMI
Curriculum and Instruction Department, School of Education, Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo
The study investigated the effect of scaffolding instructional strategy on secondary school students’ academic performance in economics in Iseyin local government area of Oyo state. Two instructional strategies (scaffolding and conventional) were used on target population of eighty-seven (87) senior secondary (SS11) economics students. Senior Secondary School 11 students were purposively selected in Iseyin local government area of Oyo state. The students were divided into two groups (The experimental and control group). Quasi experimental design was used in this study. The experimental group was exposed to scaffolding instructional strategy, while those in control group were exposed to the conventional instructional strategy for a period of five weeks. The instrument that was developed was validated for data collection (Economics achievement test EAT). The instrument was face and content validated by four experts, the researchers and two other secondary school economics teachers and the reliability co- efficient of 0.71 was obtained with the use of test re-test method. Two research hypotheses were formulated and tested, the data collected were analyzed using mean, standard deviation t- test and ANCOVA at 0.05 level of significance. The result of pre-test revealed that there was no significance difference in the mean scores of both the experimental group and control group. The finding of the study also showed that there is significance different in the academic performance of secondary school students in economics in Iseyin local government area of Oyo state of those who were exposed to scaffolding instructional strategy and those who were taught with conventional instructional strategy, the result also revealed that gender has no significance effect on the performance of the students in economics. Based on the findings, it is recommended among others that teachers should endeavour make teaching more student- centered, by encouraging them to take charge of their learning experience and by helping the students through scaffolding instructional strategy, ministry of education in conjunction with education institutions in Nigeria should organize seminars and workshop to keep economics teachers abreast of the application of scaffolding instructional strategy at all level of education.
Keywords: Scaffolding strategy, conventional strategy, students’ academic performance, Economics.
ANALYSIS OF ERRORS IN THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE USAGE OF SELECTED SSCE STUDENTS IN OYO STATE, NIGERIA
MOSES A. AREMU
Department of English, Oyo State College of Education, P.M.B. 001, Lanlante, Oyo State.
This paper examines the errors in the English language usage of selected SSCE students in Oyo State of Nigeria through the theoretic foci of Pitt Corder’s (1967) error analysis, Chomsky’s (1965) communicative competence and Halliday’s (1978) systemic functional grammar. The data for the study was gathered through an essay writing test organized for 120 randomly sampled SSCE students from 12 purposively selected secondary schools from the 6 Education zones from Oyo State and 15 objective test on the lexico-semantic and grammatical use and usage of the English Language. The frequencies of the performance ranges of these students were examined through the use of the simple percentage statistical tool. The findings revealed that the English language usage ssce Students in Oyo State of Nigeria is characterized by four types of errors: induced errors, communication – based errors interference errors and errors caused by overgericialisation of the linguistic rules. It was equally discovered that the aphasics among these students often used English language that is characterized by the developmental errors. Sampled errors from the data were selected for discussion and corrected. The paper concludes that for a L2 teacher of English in Nigeria, to increase students’ proficiency in English, he or she should often use error analysis to know the area to teach.
Keywords: Error analysis, linguistic competence communicative competence English Language Pedagogy.
ANALYSIS OF LAND USE LAND COVER CHANGES IN RUMA-KUKAR JANGARAI FOREST RESERVE NIGERIA.
NAIYA1, H.K, IBRAHIM2, H, MATAZU3, M.B., MUSA4, H. AND MAIWADA N.A
1Department of Geography, Federal College of Education, Katsina 2Department of Geography, Umaru Musa Yar’adua University, Katsina 3Department of Geography, Federal University Dutsinma 4Department of Quantity Surveying, Hassan Usman Katsina Polytechnic, Katsina
This study examined the vegetation changed in Ruma-Kukar Jangarai Forest Reserve for the purpose of analysing the extent and the rate of change in the area. This was achieved through Land use land cover (LULC) mapping of the study area for the year 1972, 1992 and 2015. The images were classified using supervised maximum likelihood classifier algorithm. The outcome of the study were the classified images of the study area at 1972, 1992 and 2015. The accuracy achieved were 84, 86 and 76% for the 1972, 1992 and 2015 images respectively. The LULC with major changes are settlement, dense vegetation, farmlands and water body. Settlement increased by 176%, dense vegetation decreased by 99.4%, farmland increased by 136%, water body decrease by 97.5%, The study recommended modelling the dynamic of the forest by including socio-economic activities among the parameters
Keywords: Forest Reserve, Geo-information, Ruma-Kukar Jangarai and Vegetation.
CITIZENSHIP RELATED ISSUES AND THE CULTURAL POLICY IN NIGERIA
*ALIYU BAWURO BASHIR; **SANI MUSTAPHA KURA; & **AISHATU MUSA
*Social Studies Department, College Of Education Zing, Taraba State **Department Of Social Work, Ramat Polytechnic, Maiduguri, Borno State.
The research on the citizenship and the national cultural policy in Nigeria, will utilize research conducted by the following researchers; Uzodike,and Mai angwa, (2012) Terrorism in Nigeria: causal factors and central problematic African Renaissance, Agbiboa,(2013) Ethnoreligious conflicts and Elussive Quest for National identity in Nigeria and Fatima,(2014) Religious conflicts in Nigeria and their impacts on social life, to form the case studies of this research work. The researchers have identified ethnicity and identity, citizenship and the politics of belonging in Nigeria to be the causes of the crises in Nigeria,the researchers have employed the literature review method in collecting the datas for their research work.
Keywords: Citizenship, Cultural policy and National Identity
THE JOURNALIST AND SOCIAL BURDEN: A CRITIQUE OF MODE OF COVID -19 REPORT
KABIRU IDRIS MUHAMMAD
Department of Mass Communication, School of General Studies, Kano State Polytechnic
This paper explores the impact of mass media in capturing and disseminating Covid -19 related news. It also critiques the looming challenges that bedevil a Covid -19 reporter amidst the unprecedented spread of the virus. The paper further argues that a journalist should be patriot in reporting Covid -19 news objectively. This is for reason that Covid-19 is a global infectious disease that has affected many millions of people in the world. The World Health Organization (WHO) declared it a pandemic on Jan 30, 2020, given its rising alarm on international public health concerns for it. Infact, it creates a public worry and force the general public to seek help from the most accessible ways available to them to keeping them informed about the effect of the virus as well as precautionary measures they would adopt in curtailing the spread of the virus. For most people, it is either the internet or media, which includes print, as well as broadcast options. In this way, the paper brings to the fore certain guiding light that will aid the reporter to unburden his civic responsibility as well as clinging onto his professional expertise as well as acumen in relaying covid – 19 news. Some reporters shy away from their responsibility in giving authentic and reliable story, because of their sentimental whims. The virus is life-threatening in that care must be taken in revealing all coverage of disease by a journalist or a reporter. The paper offers some recommendations on how to improve in curtailing the disease and conclusion is given as well.
Keywords: Journalist,Covid – 19 Report, critique, social burden and news.
ENGLISH TEACHERS’ ATTITUDE TOWARDS THE EXPECTED UTILIZATION OF PERTINENT INSTRUCTIONAL MEDIA AT THE ORDINARY LEVEL SCHOOL CLASSES: THE NIGERIAN POST PRIMARY SCHOOL CLASS SITUATION
AHMAD MUHAMMAD MAHMOUD; & ALIYU MOHAMMED NASIRU
School of Languages, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare
This research work has been embarked upon by the researcher as a result of negligence by almost all of the Nigerian secondary school teachers, particularly those of some selected areas where the researcher had opportunity to reach, for not effectively making use of pertinent instructional media in their English lesson classrooms. The researcher applied relevant methodology with appropriate instrument via which the necessary data was gotten and which directly proved the findings that the secondary school English teachers in Nigeria do not have the materials and are not encouraged and trained to improvise. State ministries of education, universal basic education boards and federal ministry of education care not to provide such materials to the schools nor do they urge the secondary school principals to make sure that the English teachers improvise and make use of pertinent instructional media when teaching English language in their various classrooms. With the aid of the results realised, the researcher suggests that the authorities concern should provide modern instructional materials for teaching English to secondary schools in Nigeria and give training and encouragement to teachers in both urban and rural areas to improvise in the absence of governmental intervention on the task. The Federal Ministry of Education has to ensure provision of all types of instructional materials especially those meant for teaching language, and put compulsion in its utilization.
Keywords: English language in Nigeria, English Language teachers, types of instructional materials, classifications of materials, instructional media for English lessons.
INSECURITY IN NIGERIAN SCHOOLS: CAUSES, FORMS AND EFFECTS
*HILIYA, ABBAS ABUBAKAR; & **UMAR, YAHAYA JABO
*Department of Educational Foundations, School of General Education, Shehu Shagari College of Education, Sokoto **No. 90C, Alu Quarters, Bado Area, Sokoto.
The security and welfare of the people shall be the primary purpose and functions of government. The nature of insecurity at global level is changing rapidly. The alarming level of insecurity in Nigeria has fuelled the crime rate and terrorists attacks in different parts of the country, leaving unpalatable consequences for the nation’s economy and its growth. It is against this background that, this paper examines the immediate causes of insecurity in Nigeria which includes: lack of institutional capacity, pervasive material inequalities, ethno-religious conflicts among others, forms of insecurity threatening Nigeria and its socio-economic entities particularly education sector which includes: physical insecurity, public insecurity, economic insecurity among others and effects that insecurity has in Nigeria schools which includes: stressful studies, poor school attendance, closure of schools among others. The paper also discussed some of the conceptual framework of security and insecurity; theoretical perspective of insecurity; empirical studies of insecurity in Nigerian schools. The paper concluded that peace and tranquility is an antidote of successful teaching and learning. Security of both teachers and students is paramount important. The paper suggested that measures need to be put in place to resolve insecurity in the country particularly in Nigerian schools. New security policies, thinking and strategies need to be developed.
Keywords: Insecurity, causes, forms, effects, Schools.
WORKING WITH EDUCATIONAL IDEA OF MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS (MDGS) AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS (SDGS) FOR THE ACHIEVEMENT OF EDUCATION FOR ALL IN NIGERIA
AHMED SHARU KHALID
Department of General Studies, Federal College of Education Kano.
This paper seek to map out the millennium development goals and sustainable development goals, educational idea for the achievement of education for all in Nigeria. In doing so the paper highlights the Mandeep Development Goals as established by the United Nations, and Sustainable Development Goals for narrowing education for all agenda, by integrating millennium and sustainable development educational goals. The paper then closes with some recommendation for the government to implement the education goals of both millennium and sustainable development as this will enhance the achievement of education for all agenda.
Keywords: Millennium Development Goals, Sustainable Development Goals, Education for All, Integrating, Achievement
PREVALENCE OF TINEA (RINGWORM) AMONG PRIVATE AND PUBLIC NURSERY AND PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS IN OYO WEST LGA OF OYO STATE.
ALADE Ayodele Olasoji; & WAHAB Asiata Omoyiola
Department of Biology, School of Secondary Education (Science Programme), Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo.
Tinea capitis (ringworm) medically known as dermatophytosis is caused by dermatophytes which are a unique group of highly specialized fungi that use keratin to grow and therefore infect keratinous tissues of lower animals and humans. This infection is a common skin disorder that occurs across age and sex groups with high frequency occurring in pre-pubertal, nursery and primary school children aged between 6 and 13 years. This study was aimed at determining and comparing the prevalence of Tinea capitis among Private and Public Nursery and Primary School Pupils in the Oyo Metropolis. A descriptive, cross-sectional research involving 200 pupils from a randomly selected 5 private and 5 public nursery and primary schools in Oyo West Local Government Area, Oyo State, Nigeria. This is a cross-sectional study carried out among 200 school going children during the period between April and August 2019. Interview and direct body examination for dermatophytosis infection were conducted on the consented pupils. In a total of one hundred and twenty (120) children infected 50 (41.63%) were from private schools while 70 (58.33%) from public school. The overall prevalence rates of Tinea capitis infection was 60%). In the two categories of schools, the prevalence of infection was higher in male 72(60%) than in female 48(40%). This research work recorded a 58.33% prevalence rate of Tinea capitis infection among public schools understudied. This study scientifically substantiates the undocumented assertion that public schools have a high prevalence rate of infectious diseases than privates schools. The high prevalence rate was identified to be as a result of regular exposure to various predisposing factors to Tinea capitis infection. Health promotion and health education interventions should be enhanced to promote good hygiene, better living conditions, early identification, and treatment of infection.
Keywords: Tinea capitis, Prevalence, Children, Dermatophytes, School, Dermatophytosi.
EVALUATION OF ACCOUNTING TEACHING AND STUDENTS ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT IN ACCOUNTING: BAUCHI METROPOLIS IN PERSPECTIVE
*MOHAMMAD, HAMISU, ADAMU; *KULU, GAMBO; & **AUWAL, ABUBAKAR
*Department of Vocational & Technical Education, Abubakar Tatari Ali Polytechnic, Bauchi, Bauchi State. **Department of Business Education, Bauchi Institute for Arabic and Islamic Studies, Bauchi, Bauchi State.
This paper observed the extend of which accounting is been delivered as a subject in our senior secondary schools in Bauchi metropolis and the level of students’ achievement within the content of accounting in the area. The researchers used accounting curriculum for SS II, and compare it with the scheme of work prepared by the teachers which served as their area of coverage within the second term of the students from five selected public schools in the metropolis. After evaluating the record, the result of the evaluation shows that teachers don’t really cover the content area stipulated in the curriculum to be covered. For that, students were unable to achieved better in the subject after assessment. This is Among the major factor that led to failure in accounting students’ academic achievement specifically in the two-examination conducted by NECO and WAEC. Studies has revealed that substantial percentage of students’ failure in final accounting examination were as a result of low coverage in the content area of the subject. The study takes a look into the tricky situation and recommend for the way onward to lessen the level of the problem.
Keywords: Evaluation, Accounting, Teaching, Student, Academic, Achievement.
THE STATUS OF YORUBA LANGUAGE AMONG SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN OYO WEST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF OYO STATE
ADEKUNLE CYNTHIA TITILAYO
Department of Yoruba, School of Secondary Education (Language Programmes), Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo
The study looks at the status of Yoruba language among secondary schools students in Oyo, Oyo state, Nigeria. Two hypotheses were formulated as a guide to carry out the study. The chi-square statistics was used to analyzed the status of Yoruba language among secondary schools students in Oyo west local government area of Oyo state. A total of fifteen (15) item questions were distributed to 100 randomly selected students from the five (5) randomly selected secondary schools in Oyo town of Oyo state. The result of the chi-square analysis indicated that there is significant different between gender and attitude of students towards learning of Yoruba language. Also, there is significant difference between methodology and interest of students learning Yoruba language among students in Oyo west local government area of Oyo state. This study was concluded by suggestions and recommendation based on future improvement in status of Yoruba language among Nigeria secondary school students.
Keywords: Status, Yoruba Language, Secondary Schools, Oyo West, Local Government Area, Oyo State
EFFECTIVE AND EFFICIENT PHYSICAL EDUCATION TEACHERS AS DETERMINANT OF PHYSICAL FITNESS LEVEL AMONG BICHI SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN KANO STATE, NIGERIA.
Federal College of Education (T) Bichi P.M.B. 3734, Physical and Health Education Department FCE (T) Bichi, Kano State, Nigeria.
Human potential and material resources can be harnessed through Effective and efficient physical sports education. This paper therefore highlights objectives of physical education is to promote physical fitness to the highest level among the participant. Qualified Physical education teachers have the responsibility as role model with determinant lifestyle that promote fitness behavior among secondary schools in Bichi. The paper enumerates gains which students may experience as a result of participating in regular, vigorous exercises. The paper view inadequate and inappropriate preparation has been identified as a major barrier for a generalist to produce a quality physical education program as prescribed by the curriculum. The researcher uses descriptive survey research design and self-developed questionnaire with four 4-point likert rating scale used to collect data for the study. This implies that experience of physical education teacher will significantly determine physical fitness level of the students. Recommendations measures that can ensure better quality of life for everyone now and tomorrow are also highlighted. Adequate training and retaining sportsmen for laying solid foundation from primary to tertiary level was also advocated. Government should make efforts at improving the attitude of students to practical classes by providing physical fitness laboratories for practical’s, so that the learning experiences of the students can become more meaningful and at the same time interesting. The paper concludes on a hopeful note that problems which could impede the successes can overcome through proper planning
Keywords: Effective, Efficient, Physical Education Teachers, Determinant, Physical Fitness, Bichi Secondary School Students.
EXAMINATION OF PRE-SERVICE SCIENCE AND LANGUAGE TEACHERS’ CONTENT KNOWLEDGE AND PEDAGOGICAL CONTENT KNOWLEDGE DURING THE TEACHING LEARNING PROCESS: EXAMPLES OF NEW STRATEGIES AND APPROACHES IN OSUN STATE
IRINOYE JAMES (Ph.D); AND EYENGHO TOJU (Ph.D)
Department of Curriculum and Instruction, School of General Education, Adeyemi College of Education, Ondo.
The competency profile of a teacher is fundamental to the development of professional standards of pre-service teachers through exposure to teaching practice exercise. This requires being knowledgeable in both content knowledge and pedagogical content knowledge. This paper assessed pre-service Chemistry and English language teachers’ content knowledge and pedagogical content knowledge in electrolysis transformation and tenses in English in Osun State respectively with a view to diagnosing, remediating and improving pre-service training strategies. The study adopted the survey strategy of enquiry of triangulation type. The population for the sample comprised Chemistry and English language pre-service teachers in Colleges of Education in Osun State that participated in the 2019 teaching practice exercise. The study sample consisted of 42 Chemistry and 64 English language pre-service teachers totalling 106 selected using convenience sampling technique. Three instruments used for data collection are titled: Pre-service Chemistry Teachers’ Achievement Test (PCTAT) and Pre-service English Language Teachers’ Achievement Test (PELTAT) to explore the content knowledge, Pre-service teachers’ lesson plan and observational checklist titled: Pre-service Teachers’ Observation Checklist (PTOC) for pedagogical content knowledge. The reliability of PCTAT and PELTAT through test-retest method with a co-efficient of 0.79. PTOC was based on introduction of the lesson, lesson development and lesson evaluation and categorized into Highly Knowledgeable (HK), Knowledgeable (K), Low Knowledgeable (LK) and Very Low Knowledgeable (VLK). The results showed that pre-service teachers have sufficient content knowledge in their respective subject areas. While about 81% of the samples for pre-service Chemistry teachers had sufficient content knowledge in electrolysis transformation, about 78.1% of their counterpart in English language had sufficient content knowledge in tenses transformation. The result further revealed that both pre-service Chemistry and English language teachers do not have sufficient pedagogical content knowledge in their introductory lesson delivery with the ground means = 2.32, = 2.34 for lesson development and = 2.26 for lesson evaluation. The study recommends that lectures in the school of education should try to improve on current pedagogy in Colleges of Education, authorities of Colleges of Education should recommend to the government for employing more teaching staff, while the government should accede to employing more lecturers in the schools of education in the colleges, and organize seminars for pre-service teachers before going for teaching practice.
Keywords: Content Knowledge, Pedagogical Content Knowledge, Pre-service teachers, Knowledgeable and transformation.
STAKEHOLDERS’ PERCEPTION ON COVID-19 PANDEMIC MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES IN PUBLIC SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN NORTH- EASTERN NIGERIA: IMPLICATION FOR CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES IN THE 21ST CENTURY
1MARYAM SANI & 2UMAR ABDULLAHI
1Department of Education Foundation, 2Curriculum & Instructional Technology Department, (School of Education), Federal College of Education (Tech) Gombe, Nigeria
This Study Assessed the Stakeholders’ Perception on Covid-19 Pandemic Management Strategies in Public Senior Secondary Schools in North-East Geographical zone of Nigeria – Implication for Challenges and Opportunities in the 21st Century. The objectives of the study were to Assess stakeholders’ perception on the level of creating awareness to contain the spread of covid-19 pandemic as well as the provision of non pharmaceutical facilities to contain the spread of covid-19 pandemic in the study area. A sample of 72 principals randomly selected was used for the study. Descriptive survey design was employed as design for the study where data collected was analyzed using simple percentage. The findings revealed that there was adequate awareness, but there are deficiencies in the provision of non pharmaceutical facilities to contain the spread of covid-19 pandemic in schools. Based on the findings, the study recommends among others to understand basic information about corona virus disease (COVID-19), including its symptoms, complications, how it is transmitted and how to prevent transmission. Also Government should endeavour to procure the needed non pharmaceutical supplies.
Keywords: Covid-19 pandemic, management, strategies.
APPRAISAL OF COMMON ERRORS IN SPOKEN AND WRITTEN ENGLISH AMONG 400 LEVEL STUDENTS OF GOMBE STATE UNIVERSITY
CLIFFORD, OTU OBI
Department of General Studies, School of Education, College of Education, Billiri, Gombe State
This work looked at common errors in both spoken and written English committed by students of tertiary institutions with specific attention on 400 level students of Gombe State University. The piece brought out the errors committed through the examination of questionnaires to 100 students drawn from the various departments cutting across three faculties in the institution namely: Faculty of Education, Faculty of Science and Faculty of Arts and Social Science. The work also made an attempt to correct the errors and suggested ways by which students’ use of English can be improved upon.
Keywords: Error, Spoken and Written English.