SUB-SAHARA AFRICAN JOURNAL OF AFRICAN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT (SJASD)
VOL 19 (2) MARCH, 2021 ISSN: 2115-4255
Sub-Sahara African Academic Research Publications,
Centre for African Development Studies, University of Ibadan,
P. O. Box 10108, U. I. Post Office. Ibadan Oyo State, Nigeria, West-Africa.
ELECTRICITY DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM USING GEOSPATIAL TECHNOLOGY A CASE STUDY TAMBARI HOUSING ESTATE BAUCHI, BAUCHI STATE OF NIGERIA
*YUSUF M.I., A DR. MUSA, S. I., A ABDULSALAM, A. O., ** DR. SHUAIBU, M. A., B MUSLIM BARAU. AND ***ABDULAZIZ DAUDA.
*Department Of Surveying And Geo-Informatics, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi State, Nigeria.**Department Of Urban And Regional Planning, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi State, Nigeria.***Department Of Surveying And Geo-Informatics, Abubakar Tatari Ali State Polytechnic, Bauchi State, Nigeria.
Most of Developing Countries like Nigeria are yet to achieve general and Collective electricity right to use for their society Right to use to inexpensive and dependable electricity.GIS plays a significant role in economic development, employment creation and investment. Sufficient policies on energy regulation are needed for the achievement of sustainable development goals in our society. The present of Remote Sensing data and Geographical Information System techniques is becoming one of the new modern tools for decision support system. It can play a very important role in power sector. The Geospatial information of all the property related to all power projects can be visualize at one platform in Geographical Information System. Which can assist in environmental management and equalize management of electrical power distribution and control system this can be proven as and great support for a new power project. The main goal of this project was to create geo spatial database and map and graphically display an electrical power network. A dynamic database was created for each and every individual house to understand who are paid the electrical bill for each month those that not paid the electrical due respectable and also stores the important information for decision making, future planning and analysis such as location of area that doesn’t have the electrical service and any electric breakdowns in order to improve the revenue generation., Because Geographical Information System is becoming a great technique for decision support system. It can play an essential analysis in power supply sector, Operation of electricity and maintenance. The previous method of record is analogue which difficult to searching previous records payment and updating them, and time consuming task.
Keyword: GIS, Electricity Distribution, Geo-database, Analysis, and Improved the system Electrical revenue generation.
SUSTAINED SOCIO-POLITICAL COLONIAL LEGACIES: THE BANE OF NORTH-SOUTH DIVIDE IN NIGERIA
AKWANGA YUSUF BELLO
National Defence College, Abuja, Nigeria Post-Graduate School, Department of History and International Studies, Federal University of Lafia, Lafia, Nigeria
Although colonialism positively impacted on colonised nations, it left behind more adverse impacts on them. Quite regrettably, the negative legacies of colonialism have been sustained by various indigenous Nigerian governments since independence. Drawing from secondary data, this paper reveals that the colonialists laid the foundation for the North-South divide in Nigeria, while Nigerian indigenous leaders have sustained and worsened colonial wrongs. It concisely examines the negative socio-political legacies (misdeeds) of the colonialists, which basically include the forced amalgamation of the North and the South by Lord Luggard, wrong boundary demarcation, obnoxious colonial policies, and the erosion of indigenous Nigerian cultures and systems. The indigenous leaders have continuously degenerated the colonial wrongs with failed leadership, rural underdevelopment, corruption, incitement, ethno-religious politics and discrimination, regionalism, Hausa-Fulani political hegemony, resource allocation and control contestation, citizenship question [indigene vs. non-indigene palaver], ethnic hate and religious fundamentalism, among others. In conclusion, the study blames both colonial and indigenous Nigerian leaders for the sustained division between the North and the South. It calls for a change through operational legislations. It is grounded by the diffusion innovation theory, which explains why and how Nigerian leaders have learnt from colonial leaders, adopted and sustained their negative leadership legacies.
Keywords: Sustained, Socio-political, Legacies, Bane, North-South divide
ASSESSMENT OF FACILITY MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN SELECTED PUBLIC HEALTH CARE FACILITIES IN NIGER STATE
*YUSUF, M. S., **PAUL, A.B. ***EZEKIEL, O. AND AKANDE, S. A.
*,** & *** Department of Building, Federal University of Technology Minna, Niger State.****Department of Mathematics, Federal University of Technology Minna, Niger State.
Facility Management (FM) is still in its infancy but growing due to the country’s rising profile as one of the fastest growing entities in the emerging market economies. However Public Healthcare Facilities in Nigeria are generally faced with many challenges including poor maintenance culture and therefore there is a need for the professionalization of Facility Management Practices. It is on this basis that the present study assesses the facility management practices in selected Public health care facilities in Niger State. The study was basically on soft facility management which consist of cleaning, recycling, security, pest control, handyman services, grounds maintenance, waste disposal and internal plants. A mixed research survey design was adopted with the administration of questionnaires and interview to the health workers, works and maintenance officers (service providers) as well as end-users and visitors in 9 Local Government Area of Zone ‘B’, geographical zone of Niger State. A total of four hundred and fifty (450) questionnaires were administered (50 questionnaires to each Local Government under Zone B Niger, State, Nigeria) and interview were conducted with (9) incharge medical officers and (9) maintenance officers across the zone. Out of which three hundred and fifty – two (352) questionnaire are retrieved and found valid and fit for analysis as well as resourceful to achieved the objectives of the study. The research data were analyse manually in tabular form using descriptive statistical procedures, particularly frequency distributions and simple cross-tabulations. The outcome of the findings revealed that Outsourcing Facility Management and In-House (FM) are the two major types of FM adopted in the public healthcare facilities. Also improved funding, manpower in the works unit, waste management, contract and contractor management, space management Training/re-training of staff and changing of old facilities are the indicators for effective FM practices. The findings also revealed that the level of implementation is adequate in both outsourcing and in-house (FM) practices in public healthcare facilities. The challenges facing the FM practices are unveiled to be corruption, insufficient funding, poor maintenance culture, problem of policy implementation, inadequate FM personnel skill level, low technical knowhow, age of the buildings, inadequate facilities usage information and overcrowding in the building. Finally measure recommended for improved FM practices are the adoption for effective are fitness for purpose/ functionality, aesthetics and psychological appeal, modernity, ease of usage, structural stability, accessibility to the facility. The researcher thereby recommended that strategic facility plan, benchmarking, building simulation/building forecasting, risk management in building facilities and building maintenance should be put in place by the government to encourage the uptake and adoption of FM practices in the healthcare facilities. Furthermore, there should be rigorous enlighten program on FM practice by government to improve healthcare standard and save lives. The management of public healthcare centre; should attached importance to the FM practice and encourage, sanctions any staff found violating maintenance and management protocol in the healthcare facilities. The government should prioritize the provision of financial incentive and modern infrastructure to encourage FM practice with adequate planning and budgetary provision.
Keyword: Assessment, Facilities Management Practices, Public Healthcare, Building.
EXAMINATION OF THE EFFECT OF RENTAL DIFFERENTIALS IN COMMERCIAL PROPERTY DEVELOPMENT IN MINNA AND SULEJA, NIGER STATE.
ODINE JUDE EHICHIOYA AND NAIOMI POPOOLA ( PhD)
Department of Estate Management and Valuation, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria.
The effect of rental values differentials on commercial property improvement is very important in the business of Real Estate. Commercial property development in some areas of Minna and Suleja environs has increased upwardly, without a corresponding increase in the rentals in these areas. This has necessitated this study. The research sampled 120 commercial properties both shops and offices across the study areas. It utilizes closed ended questionnaires and adopted both descriptive and inferential method of analysis. The result of descriptive analysis revealed that commercial shop properties comprised the bulk of commercial property in Minna and Suleja The result of inferential analysis revealed that commercial property development in Minna might decrease due to its less performance as predicted by R2 at 51.2% and that of Suleja might increase due to better performance as predicted by R2 at 78%. The result of simple regression revealed that 65% and 60% variation in number of commercial shop property development in Minna and Suleja respectively is significantly influenced by the trend in rental value of commercial property. The study further found that 62% and 66% variation in number of commercial office property development in Minna and Suleja is significantly influenced by the trend in rental value of commercial property. The study concludes that rent/m2 in Suleja impact more on commercial property development in than Minna.
Keywords: Examination, Effect, Rental Value Differentials, Commercial Property development
ASSESSMENT OF CHARCOAL PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY USED FOR COMMERCIAL CHARCOAL PRODUCTION IN NASARAWA STATE, NIGERIA.
EKPO ABRAHAM SALAMATU; *HARUNA KUJE AYUBA, **DANJUMA N. MARCUS, ***ADAMU TANKO OGAH
*,** &***Faculty of Environmental Science, Nasarawa State University, Keffi.
Deforestation and Forest degradation is one of the major environmental problem ravishing the world today, Charcoal production involves a wholesome dependency on the natural woodlands which contributes to deforestation, leading to the loss of valuable resources and dangerous interference with the environment. The adverse effect of deforestation is climate change through the release of large amounts of greenhouse gases that fuel global warming. Charcoal production reduces the bio-productivity of ecosystems by disrupting the habitats of thousands of species, and gradually transforms forest lands into barren deserts. Consequently, by impoverishing our natural environments, in the long run deforestation affects our lives and economy negatively. Over the years, sustainable management of forest resources has been of primary concern due to its potential impact on biological diversity and importance in maintaining global ecological function.
The most used technology in the production of charcoal for commercial and domestic purposes in Nasarawa state of Nigeria is the use of Kiln which is economically ineffective and environmentally unfriendly. Production processes from cutting down of trees, to logging, stocking, covering, burning, separation and bagging. Results in dangers to the biodiversity, such as introducing excess carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, which can affect the health of producers, introduction of toxic substance into the soil which affects the structure of the soil and exposure of bare surfaces which can lead to erosion. This study based on the concept of sustainable forest management and theory of common good, aim at exposing the effect of this technology and suggests sustainable solutions. Primary and secondary data will be utilized and analyzed using statistical, inferential and Geospatial techniques. It is recommended that recommends that traditional and religious leaders should e used to enlighten the charcoal producers on the effect of the used technology and also a more efficient and less harmful technology should be invested in.
Keywords; Charcoal Production, Kiln, Environment, Technology
PARTICIPATION OF FEMALE QUANTITY SURVEYORS IN THE NIGERIAN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY
NNAMOKO CHIOMA EUNICE1 AND OLAAWO WASIU ADENIRAN2
1Quantity Surveying Department, Federal University of Technology, PMB 65 Minna, Niger state, Nigeria 2Quantity Surveying Department, Federal University of Technology, PMB 65 Minna, Niger state, Nigeria
Female Quantity Surveyors’ participation in the Nigerian construction industry is low, but the reasons for such low participation are not well understood. The study assessed the factors driving, as well as challenges that hinder participation of female Quantity Surveyors (QSs) in the Nigerian construction industry. Data was collected through a self-administered questionnaire survey of 78 male and 110 female QSs in the public and private sector in Abuja. Male respondents were randomly sampled while a census of the female QSs was taken. Analysis of data was carried out using frequency counts, percentile, mean score and T- Test. The most important key motivational factor driving female QSs’ participation is “completion of a construction-related course of study”. On the other hand, “Unsociable work hours” and “denial of professional activity by colleagues due to family commitment” are the two top challenges encountered by female QSs. It was thus recommended that to improve the level of participation of female Quantity Surveyors, the female QSs should be motivated through freedom to exercise and experiment new ideas, discretion to make decisions and take the initiative in their assigned roles.
Keywords: Construction industry, Female, Participation, Quantity Surveyors.
THE ADOPTION OF INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL REPORTING STANDARD (IFRS) IN FINANCIAL REPORTING IN NIGERIA.
*WETNWAN SETLE, **TAIYA, HAZIEL MBASITI
*Department of Insurance University of Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria. **Department of Accounting, Adamawa State University, Mubi, Adamawa State, Nigeria.
The study evaluates the Adoption of International Financial Reporting Standard (IFRS) in financial reporting practices of corporate establishments in Nigeria. The objectives are to find out whether IFRS provides greater benefits than the current GAAP, to know if IFRS promotes best practices in an organization, to know if IFRS promotes cross border investment and to know if IFRS enhances the performance of companies. From the study, it is revealed that IFRS has impacted on the financial reporting practice in Nigeria. Also, IFRS has promoted best practices, increased cross border investment and performance of companies. Thus, there is no doubt that IFRS will confer greater benefit than the former SAS particularly in the areas of financial statements, cross border listings, merger and acquisitions and ability to raise finance. The study therefore recommended that regulatory bodies should embarked upon enlightenment campaigns on the potential impacts of adopting IFRS in Nigeria. It also points out that government should support the Nigeria’s adoption of IFRS especially in the area of enforcement to compliance as a matter of urgency to enable full attainment of the country’s economic potentials. The adoption and implementation of IFRS will have an impact on the performance of companies and it will enhance best practice.
Keywords: Adoption, Financial Reporting, Harmonization, NG-GAAP, IFRS.
INFLUENCE OF ONLINE GAMBLING ADVERTISEMENTS ON YOUTHS’ PERCEPTION, ATTITUDE AND INVOLVEMENT IN FOOTBALL BETTING IN SOUTH WEST NIGERIA.
*ADEKOYA, HELEN O. P.HD, **AKINTEYE, OLUGBADE A.
*Associate Professor, Mass Communication Department Babcock University, Ilishan Remo, Ogun State. **Mass Communication Department Babcock University, Ilishan Remo, Ogun State.
Several research findings have established the need to regulate advertisements of potentially harmful products. Some of these products include junk foods, cigarettes and alcohol. Gambling is one of the services that call for caution and restrictions (in terms of advertisements) due to the inherent risk of addiction. The caution becomes imperative these days, considering the ease of access and availability of betting options made possible by internet and other wireless technology. Though the powerful impact of advertisements on adolescents and youths have been studied in several public health domains, the effects of gambling advertisements on youths have been largely neglected. Consequently, this study attempts to examine the influence of online football betting advertisements deployed in football betting (with emphasis on online gambling) and how they may escalate the growing negative effects on youths, with a view to recommending policies aimed at regulating the marketing of gambling products to minimize the risks presented to youths, thereby stemming the dangerous growing tide of gambling and forestalling potential future problems. The study was carried out using the quantitative research method. With the use of multi stage sampling techniques, self-structured questionnaire was administered on 1067 participants randomly selected across three state capitals (Lagos, Ibadan, Oshogbo) in South West Nigeria. Six hypotheses were drawn and analyzed descriptively and inferentially. The test of hypotheses was done using simple and multiple linear regression, with the adoption of Statistical Product and Services Solution (SPSS 22). The study concluded that youths engage in football betting as a result of increased exposure to online football betting advertisements, which has the tendency of resulting in football betting addiction, if not regulated
Keywords: Online gambling advertisement, football betting, attitude, perception, involvement, youths
CRISIS WITHIN SOCIAL THEORY AND THE FUTURE DEVELOPMENT OF SOCIOLOGY AS A DISPLINE
*ALIYU BAWURO BASHIR, ** SANI MUSTAPHA KURA** AISHATU MUSA
*Social Studies Department, College Of Education Zing, Taraba State**Department Of Social Work, Ramat Polytechnic, Maiduguri, Borno State.***Department Of Social Work, Ramat Polytechnic, Maiduguri, Borno State
The study attempt to critically examine the crisis with in the social theory and the future development of sociology as a discipline, it is very imperative to define the concepts of “social theories ” and ” crisis “so as to form the basis of research work.
Keywords: Crisis, Social theories and Sociology
EDUCATION FOR NATION BUILDING AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA; A PARADIGM SHIFT
*VEN. JONATHAN CHIDOMEREM EGESI**NWARU CHRISTIANA CHINWE***EGESI JULIET ADAKU (MRS)
*,**,Department Of General Studies Imo State Polytechnic, Umuagwo-Ohaji Imo State ***Pg Student Imsu
The need for education in both developed, developing and under-developed countries has been harped over time. This is because education has become the bedrock of nations developed. It has been discovered that all facets of the human endeavour requires education to do well, therefore this has made various countries in the world today to embrace it and give it a pride of place ,Nigeria inclusive. Though it has been said that Nigeria and like many other countries has adopted education to develop, much still needs to be done to achieve the main objectives or goals.
Keywords: Education, Nation Building, Sustainable Development, Nigeria, Paradigm Shift.
EFFECT OF FIRING TEMPERATURE ON COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH OF CLAY BRICKS AT RAFIN MAKARANTA, BAUCHI
*BUKATA YAKUBU, **BABA BABANGIDA, ***SAGIR YUSUF ABDULLAHI AND ****MUHAMMED SULAIMAN
Department of Civil Engineering Technology, Abubakar Tatari Ali Polytecnic, PMB 0094, Wuntin Dada, Bauchi State, Nigeria.
Clay is a naturally occurring building raw material with a considerable varying physical properties, colour, hardness, water absorption etc and mineralogical content which is used in producing clay bricks. This study is aimed at examining the clay properties found at Rafin Makaranta, Bauchi state which include linear shrinkage, plasticity index, liquid limit, plastic limit, compaction and compressive strength. The laboratory tests result shows that the compressive strength of the clay increases with increase in relation to varying temperatures until a temperature peak of 12000c which gives a maximum compressive strength of 10.2 N/mm2. The compressive strength gradually decreases when the firing temperature goes between 14000c and 16000c with strengths of 9.6 N/mm2 & 8.7 N/mm2. Based on the above findings, it then shows that for a quality bricks to be produced the chemical and physical properties are highly considered and the rate of firing temperature also have a great effect on the compressive strength of clay bricks as illustrated above which can be referenced to.
Keywords: clay, bricks, linear shrinkage, plasticity index, liquid limit, plastic limit, compaction and compressive strength
THE ROLE OF ICT IN IMPROVING SERVICES PERFORMANCE OF BUILT ENVIRONMENT PROFESSIONALS IN NIGERIA
*BABATUNDE GBENGA EZEKIEL **ISIYAKU MUHAMMED
*,**.Department of Architecture technology and Quantity Surveying respectively
Federal Polytechnic, Nasarawa
Information and communication technology (ICT) play vital roles in construction services delivery. There is no doubt that ICT improve quality of services delivery in various aspect of human endeavor. While reports on the usage of ICT have been adequately recorded in other areas of human services, very little has been explored by various built environment professionals in their respective construction services delivery. This examines the usage of ICT in construction services delivery by built environment professionals and review of the roles ICT play in enhancing construction services delivery. The study were conducted to sample the opinion of the respondents on some factors affecting the application of ICT on services delivery as well as level of organizations application. Analysis were conducted using percentile, mean score value. The outcome of the analysis shown that over 70 percent of the respondents’ quantity surveyors indicate no effective application of ICT in quantity surveying services delivery and it is attributed to low familiarization with Quantity surveyor software application while 50 percent were recorded for Architecture with the same reasons. The key factors affecting the application of ICT on services delivery according to the targeted respondents are lack of consistence workshop/training, availability and easy accessibility of specialized software, poor electricity and organizational interest in adopting innovation with a mean score value of 0.97, 0.91, 0.89 and 0.88 respectively. The paper concluded that the technological innovation in the area of ICT can positively enhances on built environment professional services delivery in Nigeria. The paper recommends among other that the professional bodies in the built environment especially the Nigerian Institute of Quantity Surveyors and Architecture registration council of Nigeria should periodically organize workshop where participant can be trained in the areas of software application especially the specialized one for efficient and effective services delivery
Keywords: ICT application, Quantity Surveyors, Architecture, Services Performance, Built environment
ENTREPRENEURIAL MARKETING AND OPPORTUNITY DEVELOPMENT: A FUNCTIONAL DISPOSITION OF THE ENTREPRENEUR
*ACHAMA GODWIN IKECHUKWU,**NWACHUKWU CHINWEOKE M. CHARLES ***NWAIGBO JOHN ESONWUNNE. ****ONWUMERE CHINASA.
*Department of Business Administration and Management Imo State Polytechnic, Umuagwo, **Department of Business Administration and Management Imo State Polytechnic, Umuagwo, ***Department of Business Administration and Management Imo State Polytechnic, Umuagwo, ****Department of Business Administration and Management Imo State Polytechnic, Umuagwo.
Entrepreneurial marketing is the proactive identification and exploitation of opportunities for acquiring and retaining profitable customers through innovative approaches to risk management, resource leveraging and value creation (Morris et al, 2002). This study sets out to provide contribution to the on-going and still emergent discussion of opportunity development. The focus of the research is entrepreneurial marketing and opportunity development in the context of functional disposition of the entrepreneur. The objective of the study therefore was geared towards determining the effect of the interplay of entrepreneurial functions and marketing activities on opportunity development and product creation. The research adopted qualitative descriptive research design and relies heavily on content analytical methodology of data analysis. Therefore, secondary data were generated from the review of related literature relevant to the study. The paper revealed that for an entrepreneur’s business to be viable, he must marry entrepreneurial marketing with opportunity development. The study recommended inter alia, that an entrepreneur must possess the ability to see what others cannot see. While others see problems, an entrepreneur must see opportunities
Keywords: Entrepreneur, Entrepreneurial-marketing, Opportunity, Development, Risk.
EVALUATING THE ROLE OF ANCHOR BORROWER PROGRAMM TOWARDS ENHANCING ENTREPRENEURSHIP DEVELOPMENT IN NUMAN LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF ADAMAWA STATE.
ILIYA SIMON PUKUMA
Adamawa State Polytechnicyola School of Administractive and Business
Studies Numan, Sabs.
The challenges of financing in rural area affect investment in the agricultural sector that hinder them from engaging in mechanized farming that may increase food supply and will check the prices of agricultural commodity prices and possibility of creating more Job opportunity in the sector with the increase in population in the country Government try to increase food supply by introducing policies are aimed of achieving self-sufficiency in basic food supply among these policies Anchor Borrower programmer of the Central Bank of Nigeria to enhanced employment opportunity in Numan Local Government of Adamawa State. Data are collected through interview and survey method with structure Questionnaire administered with a sample of 300 farmers in Numan local Government out of which 270 were filled and re-farmers that was used for the research. The study reveal that the program have support farmers positively with significant impact on the prices of the commodity and employment generation. Based on findings the Anchor Barrower particularly in Numan Local Government. Keywords: Anchor Borrower Program, From Produce Price, and employment generation. Base on finding the Anchor Borrower program should be encourage are sustained in the state particularly in Numan local Government.
Keywords: Evaluating, Anchor Borrower Programm, Enhancing, Entrepreneurship Development, Numan Local Government.
STRATEGIC PLANNING A PANACEA TO THE PROFITABILITY AND SUSTENANCE OF EMERGING FIRMS
*OKONOFUA STEPHEN OGA, **OLOYEDE KEHINDE ARO & ***MOMOH DANIEL RASHEED
*Marketing Department, Auchi Polytechnic, Auchi, Edo State.**Marketing Department, Auchi Polytechnic, Auchi, Edo State.***Accountancy Department, Auchi Polytechnic, Auchi, Edo State.
his study examines the importance of the implementation of strategic planning on the survival, growth and income streams of emerging firms. The paper provides a broad overview of what strategic planning is, how it can be formulated commensurate with proper implementation coupled with its importance as a guide for management and as a success imperative for survival, growth and development of an emerging firm. From the foregoing, this paper can rightly assert that strategic planning is a panacea to the profitability and sustenance of emerging firms, the researcher can say that strategic planning has been the success factor and antidote used by emerging firms to engender competitive edge and enhanced bottom line. Strategic planning is therefore recommended to emerging firms in view of the fact that Strategic planning has been successfully used by emerging and existing firms for future survival, growth and increased productivity and efficiency country-wide and organisation-wide.
Keywords: – Strategic Planning, Strategic Management, Profitability, Sustenance, Panacea, Emerging firm.
THE ROLE OF PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP (P P P) IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF QUALITY EDUCATION PROGRAMMES IN NIGERIA FOR SELF-RELIANCE AND ECONOMIC IMPROVEMENT
*HASSAN SALEH **AHMAD MUHAMMAD MAHMOUD ***ABDURRASHID AZAREMA
School of Education Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare
The National Policy of Education gave prominence to education for self-reliance in the educational structure. However good the structure maybe, it appears that it needs some improvement to accommodate some disadvantage youth in our society. The study review the condition of the institutions responsible for producing self-reliant with particular reference to Technical Colleges in Nigeria. Workshops, equipment and tools, learning environment and condition of service for teachers. Most of the problems identified initially as militating against the success of the educational system are still with us. These problems are traceable to economic, political and social situation in the country. The recent call for PPP intervention has become necessary because present educational system and its programme has failed to meet the expectations of the people in Nigeria. What students are learning in the present system are essentially theoretical due to lack of tools and equipment, workshops/laboratory buildings and motivated teachers. This paper recommended that, schools should set-up a work experience programme to ensure practicability entrepreneurship ventures by the youth should be made to attract credit facilities among others.
Keywords: PPP, Quality-Education, Self-reliant, Economic, Improvement.
THE STUDY OF SORPTION ISOTHERMS FOR VARIED TEMPERATURES OF BITTER KOLA (GARCINA KOLA)
*IJI, SUNDAY IBE, **OBOH, INNOCENT OSERIBOH, ***OBOMANU, CECILIA ALEX
*Entrepreneurship Development Centre, Federal Polytechnic, Ukana. Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. **Deptartment of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, University of Uyo, Uyo. Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. ***Entrepreneurship Development Centre, Federal Polytechnic, Ukana. Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria.
Sorption isotherms of bitter kola (Garcina kola) were determined experimentally using the static gravimetric method at 30 0C, 40 0C, 50 0C and 60 0C within the range of 0.113 – 0.970 water activity. The equilibrium moisture content increased with increasing water activity at a given temperature and decreases with increase in temperature. The experimentally obtained data were used to evaluate the suitability of BET, GAB and Oswin models. The models’ parameters were computed using an iterative nonlinear regression technique. The experimental data were also fitted to an empirical model using multiple regression analysis and the results were compared. Monolayer moisture content was determined from BET and GAB models, the values were observed to be consistent with other food materials. The sorption isotherm curves obtained were sigmoidal (typical type II isotherm). The results demonstrated that the three models adequately predicted the equilibrium moisture content of bitter kola. On the basis of fit, all the models were suitable for describing the observed data. The best result on the basis of monolayer moisture content was observed at 30 0C and 40 0C. This reveals that at low temperatures, the shelf life of bitter kola is extended.
Keywords: Bitter kola, Sorption isotherms, Equilibrium moisture content, Monolayer moisture content
DEVELOPMENT OF ELECTRONIC VOTING SYSTEM SOFTWARE FOR ELECTING LEADERS IN STUDENTS UNION GOVERNMENT OF NIGERIA TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS
ADELEKE ISRAEL ADEWALE & ADEGOKE BASHIRU TAIWO
Department of Computer Science, Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo
This paper was centered on the development of electronic voting system software to conduct free and fair election in choosing leaders among students of tertiary institutions. The current voting process is discovered of being operated manually which had resulted to numerous problems like rigging and multiple voting. A computerized system was ventured into in order to check the problems identified after series of interviews and examination of past election exercises. Such problems are to protect the integrity of electorate vote by preventing voters from being able to vote multiple times which is the most common reason any organization moves to online voting. The new system was designed using Microsoft visual studio IDE 2019 (BASIC programming language) because it is syntactically easy to edit and modify with robust features for developing windows-based applications. The paper also suggested how to successfully implement the computerized procedure and to overcome the obstacles that would hinder the successful implementation of the system.
Keywords: electronic, electorate, voting, syntactically, computerized and window-based
DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF A MACHINE WORK TABLE
*OCHUBA NNAMDI SOMTOCHUKWU; & **SIBEUDU CHNWETALU EMENIKE
*&**Department Of Mechanical Engineering, Federal Polytechnic Oko Anambra State.
Casting Work Is A Special Part Of Manufacturing World. It Is A Delicate And Interesting Process. Firstly, Involve The Making Of Pattern Usually Of Wood; It Is The Prototype Or Blue Print Of What The Actual Work Will Look, When Completed. Pattern Is Used To Create Or Make Cavity, Where Molten Cast Iron Will Be Poured. Casting Operation Involves The Use Of Following Elements I.E. Carbon, Silicon, Manganese And Nickel Is Added As Additive To Course Hardness Of The Material. While Iron Ore As Main Constituent. The Process Involve Melting It At Furnace At Temperature Range 11470C To 11970C, After Which Is Poured In A Hole Made By The Pattern Through The Sprue, Pins, Covered With Casting Sand. It Allowed To Cool At Zero Level To Ensure That The Cast Work Capacity Of Carrying Load And Damping Properties. This Project Is Aimed At Using Casing Operation To Form, Work Table Of Electrical Drilling Machine And Educated The Student On The Use And Maintenance Of Machine Tool (Electrical Drilling Machine) As Applicable To Industries And Curriculum.
EVALUATION OF CORPORATE REAL ESTATE MANAGEMENT ON SUSTAINABILITY OF ORGANISATIONAL GOALS
IBRAHIM BABATUNDE SHITTU, OMOLOLA IBIJOKE ADEYEMO, ADEDAYO ADEBOLA OMONI, OLUWATUNMISE SAMUEL MORADEYO
Department of Estate Management and Valuation, Federal Polytechnic, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.
This study is on the evaluation of organisational sustainability goals obtain and Corporate real estate (CRE) which is the integrated management of all economic, environmental and social aspects of an organisation pertaining to its real estate activities and associated investment decision-making. It involves all relevant strategies, processes and organisational structures that support corporate governance and sustainable business and product development. Using simple random technique, primary data were obtained from the sectors under the Nigeria Stock Exchange; consumer goods, oil and gas, services, financial service, health care, ICT, agriculture, industrial goods, construction or real estate, conglomerates and natural resources and corporations registered with the Nigerian Stock Exchange services. 110 questionnaires were distributed and 103 questionnaires were retrieved. From the analysis, 59.2% of the total respondents responded that their corporation has a written overall strategic plan for real estate while 40.8% take no inferably, corporations are aware about the effect of strategic planning. Staff of the firms under study has exposure and understanding of overall organizational strategy on which to base real estate decision but the works still lies on its regularity. Corporate real estate strategies are arranged in an ascending order of effectiveness: promoting sales and selling processes, promote human resource objectives, facilitating and controlling production, operations and service delivery; facilitating of managerial processes and knowledge work, promoting marketing message, occupancy cost minimization, flexibility and capturing the real estate value creation of business. It was concluded that the strategies described above added value to their real estate and corporation. The values added were rated with the satisfactory level of the corporation and were ranked from 1st to 9th respectively: increases profitability, increases flexibility, increases employee satisfaction, promoting marketing and sales, increases productivity, increases value of asset, cost reduction, increasing workplace innovation and risk control.
Keywords; Corporate real estate, sustainability, organizational goals, Nigerian stock exchange, Investment
NEIGHBOURHOOD CHARACTERISTICS AND I’TS IMPACT ON RENTAL VALUES OF ESIDENTIAL PROPERTIES IN MINNA, NIGERIA
SHUAIBU, MOHAMMED NASIR, ZAKARI DODO USMAN, INUWA MOHAMMED DANLAMI, USMAN JAMILA
Department of Estate Management and Valuation, Niger State Polytechnic Zungeru.
The study examines the impact of neighbourhood characteristics on rental values of residential properties, this has over the decade been a major topic of discussion in the global housing market. This situation emanated as a result of the multi –dimensional bundle of services and a bundle of contradictions and paradoxes that housing is known for. The study aimed at examining the impact of neighbourhood characteristics on rental values of residential properties in Minna, Nigeria and the objectives were (i) to assess the adequacy of the identified neighbourhood characteristics in the study area,(ii) To examine the current rental values of the class of residential property in the study area. and (iii) to examine the relationship between neighbourhood characteristics and rental values of residential properties. However, the methodology adopted was the use of a structured questionnaire with closed ended questions to extract data from 621 randomly administered questionnaire across the three categories of residential properties. The data were subjected to the use of both descriptive (frequency table, and a 5 point likert scale) and inferential (chi-square) statistical analysis. Results from the analysis revealed that rental values of residential properties in F-lay out are higher than that of the residential properties in Tunga low cost, and the rent in Bosso neighbourhood is relatively higher than that of Tunga low cost respectively, this is in relation to the variation in the quality of neighbourhood characteristics in these areas respectively. In order not to have a wide disparity of rental values that emerges among similar categories of residential properties within the same market, it is therefore recommended that the government should undertake an aggressive infrastructural facilities development, particularly in the high density areas and to also improve the number and quality of the existing amenities in the low and medium density areas.
Keywords: Effect, Nieghbourhood, Residential, Property and values.
INFLUENCE OF EDUCATIONAL SUPERVISION ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN DELTA STATE
*MR. ICHAZU KINGSLEY; **MR. UGBOME GEORGE
*Department of Educational Foundations and Administration, College of Education Agbor, Delta State **School of Early Childhood and Primary Education, College of Education Agbor, Delta State
The study examined the influence of educational supervision on academic performance of public Secondary Schools in Delta State. The work adopted the descriptive survey design and ex-post facto. The population consisted of all the principals and teachers in some selected public Secondary Schools in Delta State. A total number of 1,620 participants teacher were sampled from 60 public secondary schools. For the purpose of the study, Delta State was divided into three Senatorial District (Delta North, Delta Central and Delta South), in which stratified random sampling techniques was used to select two Local Government Areas in each district to get a total of six Local Governments in the State. Two (2) instruments: Academic Supervision Questionnaire (ASQ) and performance of WAWASSCE results for a period of three years. (2017-2019) were used to collect data from the sampled schools. And data analyzed using descriptive statistics and Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC), hypothesis were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The findings revealed that there is a significant relationship between supervision and students’ academic performance (r= 0.544, p<0.05). Therefore, it important that as educational supervision are put in place to ensure teachers, students, and management are guided toward the desired goals and objectives of the schools in terms of students quality output.
Keywords: Educational Supervision, Academic Performance, Public Secondary Schools
A SURVEY OF POLICE OPERATIONS AND INSECURITY IN NIGERIA
AKOJI, RICHARD OKLAGBA; & PROF. DAVID OLADIMEJI ALAO ( PhD)
Department of Political Science, Babcock University, Ilishan-Remo, Ogun State.
Police operations are expected to cover areas such as peace maintenance, combating crime patrolling and communication. However, there has been a steady increase in the spate of insecurity in Nigeria between 2009 and 2020. This has caused the death of thousands of people and destruction of property on account of Boko Haram criminality, kidnapping, herdsmen menace, armed banditry and ritual killings. The Nigeria Police is incapable to combat this insecurity effectively in spite of the efforts of their numerous tactical outfits such as the Mobile police, Anti-cultism, Anti-kidnapping, Special Weapon and Tactics, and Anti-Terrorist. It is worrisome that the Nigeria Police Force serving in various foreign missions have been applauded and rated high in their tactical operational effectiveness but such could not be achieved domestically. Relying on both primary and secondary sources of information, the paper found that work conditions that the operatives of the Nigeria police force had to face all the time especially with regard to scarcity of modern equipment affects their operational capacity. The paper also found that lack of adequate education among the operatives as well as low staff strength, affect their performance. The paper recommended that there must be incentives, good condition of service, and provision of adequate operational infrastructure for effective policing.
Keywords: Nigeria Police Force, Nigeria, Police Operations, Insecurity, Security Operatives.
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