BERKELEY PUBLICATIONS INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HUMANITIES & SOCIAL SCIENCES (BJHSS) (VOL. 14 NO. 6)
ISSN: 1867-5839 DECEMBER, 2020
Berkeley Research and Publications International,
Bayero University, Kano, PMB 3011, Kano State, Nigeria.
Nigeria, West-Africa. +234-708-717-3247
ETHNICITY AND FRAMING OF RURAL GRAZING RESERVES (RUGA) IN SELECTED NIGERIAN NEWSPAPERS: A DISCOURSE ANALYSIS
ONIFADE, OLUWAFEMI SUNDAY* AND PROF. AJILORE KOLADE
Department of Mass Communication, Babcock University Ilishan-Remo, Ogun State, Nigeria.
This study investigates the framing of the controversial Rural Grazing Reserve Scheme (Ruga settlement) in selected Nigerian newspapers. Through the reports in “Daily Trust”, “The Sun” and “Nigerian Tribune” newspapers, the study examined the influence of ethnicity and geographical location on the framing of the Ruga scheme. The study draws theoretical relevance from Erving Goffman’s framing theory. Following the methodological guidelines of Critical discourse analysis, the study found that the newspapers tilted their reports in favour of the ethnic groups of their publishers as well as their host communities. They largely echo the sentiments of the major ethnic groups in the locations where their headquarters are located. The study concludes that there is mutual suspicion among the major ethnic groups in the country and the suspicion is traceable to precolonial times. The study also concludes that the major ethnic nations that make up the Nigerian state are prepared for a civil war and possible disintegration.
Keywords: Ruga, Ethnicity, Nigerian newspapers, Framing, Critical Discourse Analysis
THE APPLICATION OF MODERN ADVERTISING EDUCATION AND PROFESSIONALISM IN NIGERIA
AYOZIE*, DANIEL OGECHUKWU (Ph.D.)
Department of Business Administration, Federal University Lokoja, PMB 1154, Lokoja, Kogi State, Nigeria
The focus of this paper will be on the historical account of the development of advertising education in Nigeria. Advertising was formerly an adjunct of marketing or mass communication, before it was officially regarded as a profession, courtesy of the APCON Decree 55 of 1988. This is paper consider the Advertising Curricula in our polytechnics and universities, and professional institutions. In addition, the important issue of the relationship between the Advertising Education and the Advertising Profession will also be considered, and efforts would be made to highlight some of the current problems facing advertising education, and suggest some practical remedies.
Keywords: Advertising Education, Advertising, Marketing, Commercial Transaction, Advertising Practitioners Council of Nigeria (APCON), Marketing, Professional Practice, Motive, Paid Form, Creative Hotshops.
THE EFFECT OF ADVERTISEMENT ON CONSUMER PREFERENCES AND BEHAVIOUR
1MAMIE AVAANONU AJIVA; 2BELLO TAOFIK ABIDEMI, PhD; 2ALI SIRAJO; & 2UMAR SHEHU
1Distance Learning Center, Ahmadu Bello University. 2Department of General Studies, Nigerian Institute of Leather and Science Technology Zaria.
Organizations of today are under intense competition with one another for a share of the customers and consumers patronage. With the vast array of many substitutes of similar products available to consumers, making the decision to choose a particular brand of a product by the consumer would require consideration of many factors; to assist in this decision making. Managers and marketers in these companies invest in different advertising activities through different media, like television, newspapers, magazines, internet platforms among others, to make potential consumers aware of their products and also to influence their purchase decisions. The purpose of this research is to investigate the effect of advertisement on consumer preferences and behavior. The research was done with a case study of Access Bank Plc. The participants are twenty (20) employees that were randomly selected from the bank from the marketing department. The data was obtained from interviews, informal discussion and questionnaires distributed. The results indicated that consumers were significantly induced by advertisements in their decisions of product purchase. It was evident that advertisement is a major tool for companies to gain market share. Therefore, Managers are encouraged to invest in advertisement activities to drive increased sales of the Bank’s products and services.
Keywords: Advertisement, bank performance, access bank
AN IMPACT ANALYSIS OF TRADE LIBERALIZATION AND ECONOMIC GROWTH: AN ARDL ANALYSIS
1LAWALI BELLO ZORAMAWA; & 2SALISU UMAR
1Department of Curriculum Studies, Faculty of Education, Sokoto State University, Nigeria. 2Department of Economics, School of Arts and Social Sciences, Aminu Saleh College of Education Azare, Bauchi State, Nigeria.
The study assessed the contribution of trade liberalization to the economic growth in Nigeria between the periods 1981 and 2018. The study employed the ARDL bound test for cointegration to analyze the direction among the variables under review. The variables used in the analysis include: Agricultural Exports (AGRX), Manufacturing Exports (MANX), and Solid Mineral Exports (SOLX), Inflation Rate (INFR) and Exchange Rate (EXR). The results of the analysis revealed that there is a negative and statistically significant relationship between non-oil exports (NOE) and economic growth (RGDP) in Nigeria during the period under investigation in the long-run for Manufacturing (MANX), solid mineral(SOLX) except for Agricultural export (AGRX). There is also a bidirectional causal relationship between non-oil exports and economic growth in Nigeria during the same period. The study, therefore recommended that the Nigerian government and other stakeholders should make a country’s non-oil export commodities more attractive and competitive in the global market which will prompt the demand for Nigeria’s non-oil goods at the international market.
Keywords: Non-Oil exports, Economic Growth, INFR, EXR
AN ASSESSMENT OF THE USE OF FACEBOOK FOR GENDER-BASED DOMESTIC VIOLENCE CAMPAIGN AMONG INTERVENTION GROUPS IN KADUNA METROPOLIS
FATIMA ABDULKADIR MAMMAN
Dept. of Mass Communication, Kaduna State University, Kaduna
The study aims to assess the current status of adoption of Facebook by intervention agencies in metropolitan Kaduna in relation to the advancement of the Gender-based domestic violence cause, against the backdrop of presumed benefits or constraints of the medium. Available statistics from the office of the Commissioner of Human Services and Social Development under the Kaduna state Ministry of Women Affairs covering January to August 2020 indicated a total reported 437 incidents of gender-based domestic violence, with women being the highest victims .Guided by the research questions raised in relation to how Facebook can be deployed regarding this challenge, the study adopted Focus group Discussion to interrogate of the perceptions and opinions of the participant respondents study based on their shared experiences. Four major groups were purposively sampled with selection drawn based on their respective profiles as active partners to the development work of the Kaduna state Ministry of Women Affairs. The findings of the study indicated that, although, there is widespread adoption of Facebook among Gender-based domestic violence intervention groups in Kaduna, there are however some constraints with the adoption of the medium for engagement, especially restraint by victims for the fear of being stigmatized, where their identities are easily profiled. The study concludes by affirming the potency of the Facebook Medium for social awareness campaigns, and recommends that, the medium should be improved with enhance features which support groups and encourage anonymity by victim-users; while more active Gender-based violence groups in Kaduna should be encouraged to extend advocacy and campaign coverage to other areas outside the metropolis, where prevalence rates are proven to be high.
Keywords: Assesment, Facebook, Gender-Based, Domestic, Violence.
IMPACT OF EFFECTIVE LEADERSHIP ON WORKERS PERFORMANCE IN AN ORGANIZATION
DR ANTHONY EMHENYA IYOHA
Department of Political Science and Public Administration, Edo University, Iyamho
This study determines the effect of leadership on workers performance in an organization. In achieving its objectives, the work must be motivated to put in optimum performance. Hence the leadership styles of such organization will determine the workers motivation towards his/her performance. Therefore leadership plays an important role towards the attainment of organization objective. The study shows that the position associated exist between workers satisfaction compared to the leadership style which shows the needs of worker and leader in dealing with subordinates and performance based on the findings of this study, certain recommendation such as sending managers and supervisor to leadership training course, leaders tailoring behaviour, assist subordinates actualize their needs in the organization, ensuring equity and fairness in dealing with subordinate; and understanding subordinates before adopting a particular leadership style.
Keywords: Authority, Responsibility, Productivity, Organisation effectiveness, Leadership.
CORPORATE REPUTATION AND BUSINESS PERFORMANCE: EVIDENCE FROM SERVICE FIRM IN NIGERIA
ABDULMALIK TAIYE ABDULKAREEM; & ISHOLA ABDULFATAI IDOMI
Department of Business and Entrepreneurship, Kwara State University, Nigeria.
Corporate reputation has evolved to become a strategic and intangible corporate asset. Its relativity is keenly important to business and politics, and it is essentially related to a business competitive strategy that interpreted an organization’s ethos, goals, and values that create a sense of belonging among the company’s stakeholders. Meanwhile, many service providers such as telecom companies fail to build a strong image and supportive relationship with all of their constituent’s corporate reputation. This has incorporated a negative effect on the performance of telecom companies in Nigeria. As a result of these challenges, improving corporate reputation had become of utmost importance for the service firms. This study investigates the effect of corporate reputation determinants such as corporate image and corporate identity on the business performance in the telecommunication industry in Nigeria. A sample size of 390 respondents was surveyed out of 15,000 population of students from Kwara State University. The study questionnaire was administered to sampled respondents and multiple regression was explored to analyze the data. Descriptive analysis indicates that all determinants of corporate reputation measured were evenly distributed. Therefore, the findings of the study show that corporate reputation has a positive significant effect on business performance. The findings of the study show that one out of two hypotheses tested have a significant effect while the other has no significant effect on business performance. Further results indicate that corporate reputation plays a vital role in business performance in service firms in Nigeria. The study concluded that corporate reputation has a positive significant effect on the business performance of service firms such as telecommunication. It was recommended that service firms should map out some strategies towards quality service and products to create a positive image around their brands and corporate reputation should be given much priority to be able to explore its benefit.
Keyword: Corporate reputation, corporate image, corporate identity, business performance, customer loyalty, service firm.
FREEDOM OF THE PRESS AND SECURITY CHALLENGES IN NIGERIA: LEGAL ROLES OF MEDIA PRACTITIONERS IN PERSPECTIVE
MAUSLIM, NASIRUDEEN ADE.
General Studies Department, the Oke Ogun Polytechnic, Saki, Oyo State, Nigeria.
The increasing menace of insecurity in Nigeria has become a growing concern in Nigeria. Over the years, there has been billions of naira which has been budgeted to contact the menace. Instead of the situation to subside, the reverse is the case. This has given rise to the condemnation of various security agencies in the country. The government has failed to realise that security maintenance in the country doesn’t lie only on the formal security agencies; there are other relevant stakeholders in the country which has left out in fighting security in Nigeria. One of the most important of such stakeholder is the press. In order for press to operate effectively, there must be an enabling environment which gives room for press freedom. This paper shall further look into some legal provisions from some enactments that can aid the press in contributing their quota in curtailing insecurity in Nigeria. Much emphasis shall be made on the provision of the 1999 constitution and the Freedom of information Act, 2011.
Keywords: Freedom, Security, Challenges, Legal, Media Practitioners.
LANGUAGE AS A SOURCE OF HUMAN LIFE AND POWER
HAJJA KARU AHMAD SHERIFF; SADIQ MUSA USMAN; & YAGANA GREMA
Department of Language and Liberal Studies, Ramat polytechnic Maiduguri, PMB 1070, Maiduguri, Borno State.
This paper attempts to explore language as source of human life and power. Language is a system of communication possessed and used by human. This system of communication set humans apart from other creatures. Also language is inseparable from the human race therefore it develops in humans and that why it is part their culture and civilization. Apart from this language is a powerful tool for communication and its power allows humans to argue, persuade and to dominate.
Keywords: Language, human, life, power, communication.
IDEAL MOSQUE IN ISLAM: ITS ROLE, POSITION AND RELEVANCE TO THE LIFE OF A MUSLIM
ABUBAKAR GARBA UMAR
Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, ADR. Coelegs, Misau, Bauchi State.
Mosque is one of the most important institutions in Islam. It serves many purposes in Islam. Its objectives, functions and position are clearly enshrined in the authorities of the Quran and Sunnah, as comprehensively explained by scholars. In addition to being a place of performing the prescribed prayers, the mosque provides educational, political, and even social services to groups or individual muslims. This paper, through a review of available literatures, expounds the major role of the mosque, its position and functions. From the literatures reviewed, it reveals that a mosque is a place to perform the prescribed rituals (eg prayers), for the acquisition of knowledge, and other lawful and beneficial issues of the Muslim community. It suggests that muslims should expand their knowledge about the institution of mosque and the vital role it plays in the life of a muslim spiritualy, educationally, and even socially with a view to proper utilization of the functions of this institution.
Keywords: Ideal Mosque, Mosque as an institution, Role, Functions, Relevance.
APPRAISAL OF LEGAL REFORMS IN PUBLIC PROCUREMENT IN NIGERIA: OBSERVANCE AND ENFORCEMENT OF THE PUBLIC PROCUREMENT ACT, 2007
ANIEKAN J. MENDIE
Department of Business Administration and Management, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi, Nigeria.
The robust socio-economic development of a country indubitably depends in a significant way on effective legal regulation of practice of public procurement of goods, works and services. Public procurement in essence, entails expenditure of money, scarce resource in a manner determined by a framework of legal rules and regulations to achieve value which promotes manifest development of a country. In the country, Nigeria, the geographical scope of this paper, practice of public procurement of goods, works and services is not yielding the best value for money, inspite of the reforms introduced by the Public Procurement Act 2007, the principal statutory framework for its regulation. The Public Procurement Act, 2007 as reformative as it is, exists in the midst of abuses, such as bribery and corruption, inflation of contract sums, over-invoicing and procurement of low quality goods, works and services. There are also abuses in the forms of embezzlement of contract mobilization fees and abandonment of contract works. These abuses and many more that would be mentioned in course of development of the body of this paper, kindle the concern to critically appraise the Nigerian Public Procurement Act, 2007 to evaluate its observance and enforcement in the process of practice of procurement in the public sector. The paper draws data from primary legal source such as the Public Procurement Act, 2007 and depends on academic journal and internet materials for secondary data. In analyzing material data, the paper adopts doctrinal methodology popular for critical evaluation of rules, principles and opinions in legal research. In the end, the paper finds that the extant law for public procurement in the framework of Public Procurement Act, 2007 exists with laudable innovations aimed at ensuring accountability, probity and transparency in the procurement process in Nigeria, but the observance and enforcement of the law is grossly low. Thus, the low observance and enforcement of legal rules and regulations in the procurement process account for the widespread abuses mentioned above. To that extent, the paper recommends strict observance and effective enforcement of rules and principles outlined in the Procurement Act in order to achieve value for money for the promotion of socio-economic well-being of the country.
Keywords: Appraising, Reforms, Public procurement, Procurement Act, Observance, Enforcement, Nigeria.
TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS AS BANDITRY PARADIGM IN NIGERIA: ENGLISH LANGUAGE STUDIES TO THE RESCUE
SULYMON, JIMOH ALANI
Department English Languages, School of Secondary Education (Language Programmes) the College Of Education, Lanlate.
Human societies across the globe are characterized by a litany of immorality, socio-economic impropriety, insecurity, injustice and other varying degrees of challenges breeding imperfections as a part of human world. Interestingly enough, in all lands and climes, language is the only constant and potent tool that is employed unavoidably to proffer solutions to these teething problems. This paper seeks to remind us of this fact that we service our implement – English Language and explore its efficacy and dynamism in combating trafficking in persons (TIP) in Nigeria. The researcher observes that a lot of attention is paid to the issue of banditry in Nigeria with many works already done on it while the menace of TIP has enjoyed little attention. This paper posits that TIP is a form of banditry and that it deserves the concern and attention of all if we believe that our children and young women, who are the most vulnerable, deserve human dignity and as such should be protected and respected. The thrust of the discourse bothers on engaging the citizenry in English Studies to broaden the awareness of the ruler and the ruled about the problem. This enables them to wage war against it and enjoy a TIP-free society.
Keywords: Banditry Paradigm, English Studies, The Vulnerable, Trafficking in Persons, Rescue
THE ISLAMIC INSTITUTION OF ZAKAT AS A PANACEA TO POVERTY ERADICATION AND HUMAN EMPOWERMENT IN MODERN NIGERIA
*IBRAHIM SULAIMAN GALADIMA (PhD.) **AUWAL GAMBO PALI
*School of Undergraduate Studies, A.D. Rufa’i College of Education, Legal and General Studies Misau, Bauchi State, Nigeria. **Shool of Arts and Social Sciences, A.D. Rufa’i College of Education, Legal and General Studies, Misau, Bauchi State, Nigeria.
One of the major ingredients for the development of every community is their strong economic system. Islam has attached great importance to this regard. Zakat is an institution of Islam that essentially seeks to eradicate poverty and empower the poor. The needy and other in capacitated in the society, to overcome their difficulties, it seeks to cultivate Love, reduce jealousy, envy and rancor. This paper seeks to explain the role played by zakat in the past toward eradicating poverty and Human empowerment and examining the effective measure use in distributing Zakat. The paper suggests ways of extending the coverage of Zakat to some murder with the aim of increasing of proceeds of Zakat in the modern times.
Keywords: Zakat, eradication poverty human empowerment
WOMEN IN HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AND NIGERIAN ECONOMIC GROWTH
AYODELE CHRISTIANA AJAO; AFEEZ OLANIYI MURITALA; YEMISI ADEDOKUN; AND KAZEEM GBOLAHAN TAIWO
The Oke- Ogun Polytechnic, Saki. Oyo State.
Women are unique beings on the planet. Their roles in the society cannot be underrated. In the olden days, women were barred from participating in some activities thus prevented them from occupying top positions in the society (country). During this period, the labour force was low and the GDP of the country was low as well. But as soon as the government formulated a policy about gender equality, this embargo on feminine recognition was removed. Though, they may be termed “weaker vessels”, but strong in action and always determined to utilize themselves. They are good instrument in reducing poverty and increase economic growth with better understanding of their existence that they are not only for sex and reproduction but also to be useful in the society. This paper defined HRM, economic growth and examined the inclusion of women in some spheres in HRM like agriculture, education and politics and how they have contributed positively to the economic. It also explained the reasons why they have a better chance of contributing to the economic growth. Lastly it concluded that women are strong and capable of positively influencing wherever they are and made some recommendations.
Keywords: Women, gender, Equality, Economy, Human Resources Management
ASSESSMENT OF THE IMPACT OF COLLABORATION BETWEEN GOVERNMENT AND NGOS ON THE MANAGEMENT OF INTERNALLY DISPLACED PERSONS (IDPS) IN JERE, LOCAL GOVERNMENT, BORNO STATE, NIGERIA
1BALU BUKAR ABBA; 2HAJJA BINTU BUKAR; & 3ADDA GANA BUKAR
1Department of Industrial and Labour Relations, Ramat Polytechnic 2Department of Public Administration, Ramat Polytechnic 3Department of Industrial and Labour Relations, Ramat Polytechnic.
The study assesses the impact of collaboration between government and NGOs on the management of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in Jere, Local Government, Borno State, Nigeria. Using both, simple random and proportionate sampling techniques 360 IDPs were sampled from the study area. Data were obtained using primary and secondary sources and analyzed using descriptive techniques such as percentage, mean and frequency tables. The result of study revealed that IDPs in Jere have access to health care services provided by the Government and NGOs in IDP. The finding also shows that there is effectiveness of collaboration of SEMA and MSF in improving health status of the IDPs in the camp. The study also found out that collaboration has been effective in the provision of maternal services to the IDP women organized by SEMA and MFS. The IDPs are fully aware of the interventions by both agencies. This program has positive impact on the health status of the IDPs. The study also established that only MSF as NGOs are involved in the supply of sanitation and hygiene facilities to IDPs in the selected camps. However, there is a collaborative approach in the distribution of these facilities by both SEMA and MSF. This collaboration is effective and has positive impact on the health status of the IDPs.
Keywords: Assessment, Impact, Collaboration, Government, NGOs, IDPs, Jere, Borno
IDENTIFICATION AND PROVISION OF TALKING DRUM SECTION AT THE TOURISM VILLAGE AMONG THE THREE MAJOR ETHNIC GROUP IN NIGERIA
DONATUS, EVEREST AKALAZU; AMINA BATA ZOAKAH; & AYANTOLA BEARTICE WUMI
*Department of Leisure and Tourism Management, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi. Bauchi State
This study focuses on the identification and provision of talking drum section at the tourism village. It uses the quantitative method of research, questionnaire survey precisely to investigate two hundred and eight respondents which was randomly distributed. The data generated were analyzed using descriptive statistics such as means, Std Dev and Remark. Statical package for social science (SPSS) was used to determine the level of significance of talking drum to tourism promotion and development in Nigeria. The result of the analysis reveal that the drum is a significant tool four tourism promotion because it attract both local and foreign tourists together. Based, on these findings it was recommended that preferences should be made to showcase the use of talking drum in most celebration instead of modern musical instruments.
Keywords: identification, tourism, promotion, talking drum, ethnic groups,
IMPROVING THE ECONOMY OF IDAH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA INHABITANTS USING CULTURAL TOURISM
EJIGA, ABUBAKAR ISA
Department of Surveying and Geoinformatics, Federal Polytechnic Idah, Kogi State, Nigeria.
The aim of this research was to create an avenue to bring to the fore the potentials for cultural Tourism of the historical heritage of the Igala Kingdom especially those in Idah Local government Area, the seat of the Igala Kingdom. The procedure adopted was the production of the Digital map of the local Government Area through the fusion of remote sensing, multimedia GIS and GPS. The multimedia datasets acquired were hyperlinked on the appropriate locations on the map through the creation of a preliminary database system known as Ordinary Relational – Hypermedia Database system. For launching on the Web, a robust Database system was developed and this was named as the University of Nigeria Normal Relational – Hypermedia database system. This Database rest in postgreSQL and post GIS. This database is capable of performing all the analytical functions of the GIS.
Keywords: Cultural Touurism, Multimedia Gis, Gps, Ordinary, Normal, Relational- Hypermedia Datyabase, Hyperlink, Postgresql, Postgis
YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT AND BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA
OMOROGIEVA, AGBONMWANRE. ANTHONY; ARIYO, IGBEKELE ANTHONY; & ASUQUO, ANIETIE. OFFONIME
Department of Business Administration and Management, Federal Polytechnic Ukana, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria.
The development and transformation of Nigerian and the Sub-Sahara Africa is highly dependent on youth empowerment through business development. They are the backbone of economic development all over the world and play important role for employment, income and societal changes, particularly in transition economies like Nigeria. This paper is concerned with the extent to which business development in Nigeria has helped to reduce youth unemployment and also the challenges and prospects for the development of entrepreneurship. The study revealed that such policies and initiative by government has affected the “transformation question”. This is due to the increase of corruption, inadequate and inefficient infrastructural facilities and maladministration. The paper concludes that business development is an engine for job creation; innovation and diversity and Nigeria’s entrepreneurs have a long way to go before they can effectively drive changes in the economy; and recommends that Government (policy makers) should genuinely recognize the essence of entrepreneurship to economic development by providing the enabling environment and secured environment for the youth to be gainfully employed for economic development and also provide adequate infrastructural facilities (water, electricity, road network, communications etc).
Keywords: Unemployment, Business Development, Business, Youth Development. Government Policy.
TOWARD THE ROLES OF CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANIZATIONS IN VOTER EDUCATION IN NIGERIA
MODU LAWAN GANA
Department of Public Administration, Mai Idris Alooma Polytechnic, Geidam, Yobe State.
Voter education is one of the cardinal principles of democratic politics and ensuring credible elections in any democratic society. The imperative of this cannot be underestimated in developing democracy like the Nigeria state. Since 1999, electoral processes in Nigeria were alleged to be full of irregularities ranges from violent electioneering campaigns, unwarranted voting behaviors of election rigging such as multiple voting, ballot snatching, vote-selling among others. These unruly behaviors are unarguably undermining the integrity of Nigeria’s electoral process. Although, numerous political-legal measures were put in place by the country’s electoral body the Independent National Electoral Commission’ through the introduction of the card reader machine, massive disposition of civil securities at voting points as well as series of amendments to the electoral acts by Nigeria’s’ National Assembly members. However, despite the concerted measures to checkmate the unruly behavior of the voters, the trend continuous unabatedly. This article thus proposed that addressing Nigeria’s electoral knots especially in respect to the voters’ behavior requires the participation of civil society groups for informal voter education. It argued that ignorance of the electoral laws and nonsensical attitude toward the electoral outcomes by the vast majority promote the continuous engagement in these deviant behaviors. The article thus recommends that to overcome the perennial challenges of the electoral process, the Nigerian government should engage civil society and community-based organizations to educate voters on the dangers of electoral fraud in the country.
Keywords: Civil Society; Voter Education; Electoral Process; INEC
RETHINKING THE LEGAL CONCEPT OF INSIDER TRADING IN NIGERIA: CRITICAL ANALYSIS
*ERIC OMO ENAKIRERU & **IRENE AIREN AIGBE
*Department of Art and General Studies, Delta State Polytechnic, Otefe-Oghara. ** Department of Business Law University of Benin.
The concept of “insider trading or dealing” is a direct product of commercial activities in the area of securities exchange which is adequately provided for or regulated by statute. In this paper, we have made an attempt at critically examining the concept of “Insider Trading”– which involves trading in securities such as shares, debentures stocks bonds or debt securities. This paper critically examine the implication of insider dealings in lines with statutory provisions and case law as it affect false or misleading statement, fraudulently inducing person to deal in securities, prohibition of dealing in securities by insiders, abuse of information obtained in official capital, false trading, market rigging transaction securities and market manipulation. This paper is concluded with the necessaries remedies available to the victim and also recommends the review of the provision of the Investment and Securities Act as compare with the England or UK insider dealing statutory provision, the Financial Securities and Market Act (FSAMA) 2000, part VIII, and others.
Keywords: Rethinking, Legal Concept, Insider, Trading, Critical Analysis.
THE ISSUES AND CHALLENGES IN DIGITIZATION OF ACADEMIC LIBRARY MATERIALS IN NIGERIA
BALA SULEIMAN ABDUL; ABUBAKAR ABDULLAHI HAMANI; & ADAMU IBRAHIM
Department of Library and Information Science, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi
This paper examines the issues and challenges in digitization of academic library materials. In the paper various issues were discussed, including the reasons for digitization of academic library materials, a methodology of digitization of academic library materials, and the challenges faced in digitization of academic library materials in Nigeria.
Keywords: digitization, challenges, library materials, Nigeria.
THE FUNCTION OF POLITICAL KNOWLEDGE AND EDUCATION IN ATTAINING DEMOCRATIC FREEDOM IN NIGERIA
*ADAMU HASSAN SHINGA; *YUNUSA SABO MOHAMMED; *USMAN MOHAMMED; **JAMIYAL NATHAN DAUDA and **HASSAN ISHAQ ABUBAKAR; & ***MOHAMMED BAKOJI
*Department of Public Administration, Gombe State Polytechnic, Bajoga. **Department of General Studies, Gombe State Polytechnic, Bajoga. ***Department of Accounting, Gombe State Polytechnic, Bajoga.
The knowledge of politics and its contributions to the proper and effective practice of democracy cannot be over emphasized. The challenges facing the adherence to the tenets of democracy in Nigeria are numerous, one of which has been identified as the high rate of illiteracy when it comes to political education in the country. The agenda setting theory was adopted for this research work. This paper has been able to identify the function of political education in attaining democratic freedom in Nigeria. It has also been able to identify the challenges of and solutions to such issues hindering the success of democratic liberty in Nigeria. Having figured out the challenges, it has recommended access to high level of literacy as a first step through awareness of its significance to human capacity development and then political knowledge through political education among others as solutions to these problems. The research was carried out using primary source of data.
Keywords: Political Knowledge, Function, Education, Democratic, Freedom.
المعجم الوسيط ومنهجه في ترتيب المواد
MUHAMMAD SANI DABO; ABUBAKAR ISMA’IL; ABUBAKAR MUHAMMAD ALMISAWI; ADAMU MUHAMMAD DALIBI
School Of Remedial And Continuing Education, A.D Rufa’i College Of Education, Legal And General Studies, Misau, Bauchi State, Nigeria
وبالله نسعين، إن المعجم الوسيط من المعاجم المشهورة في الميدان اللغوي، الذي خرج للناس منذ عشر سنين، فتقبلوه بقبول حسن، فهذا العمل عبارة عن المقالة التي تسعى وراء كشف جهود أصحاب المعاجم عن طريق دراسة المنهج المتبع في ترتيب مواد هذه المعاجم، وتتركز هذه الدراسة بالضبط على المعجم الوسيط، الذي قامت بإنجازه اللجنة التي تضم فيها بحور في العلم. وكما هو مرسم على الغلاف أن عنوان هذه المقالة هو “المعجم الوسيط ومنهجه في ترتيب المواد”. قبل أن نحصل على مرام هذا العنوان، لا بد أن يتمحور هذا العمل حول النقاط التالية:
- نبذة عن مؤلف المعجم الوسيط.
الهدف من تأليفه
- كيفية استخدام الرموز في المعجم الوسيط.
- طريقة الوصول إلى الكلمة.
- الخاتمة والإستنتاج.
- المصادر والمراجع