SUB-SAHARA AFRICAN JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY EDUCATION RESEARCH (SJCER)
VOL 16 (8) SEPTEMBER, 2020 ISSN: 2185 – 8555
Sub-Sahara African Academic Research Publications,
Centre for African Development Studies, University of Ibadan,
P. O. Box 10108, U. I. Post Office. Ibadan Oyo State, Nigeria, West-Africa.
IMPACT OF OUTDOOR LEARNING RESOURCES ON MALE AND FEMALE STUDENTS’ ACHIEVEMENT IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL BIOLOGY CONCEPTS
*GBELEKE LILIAN AGHOGHO; AND **DANIEL HYELYANKURI
*JUPEB Center, University of Benin, Benin City, Edo State **Department of Science Education, Federal University of Kashere, Gombe State
The study was concerned with the impact of outdoor learning resources on the achievement of male and female SS II senior secondary school students in biology concepts. This was carried out to provide an empirical basis to determine a more adequate method of teaching and learning of biology concepts and also to give adequate information on the important of using outdoor learning resources taking gender into cognisance. The research design was a time series quasi experimental design. Data were gathered from series of 1 – 3 pretest and posttest of an intact class of 50 students, 24 males and 26 females from an intact class, from one of the 11 public secondary schools randomly selected in Egor Local Government Area of Edo State. The research instrument was Plant Classification Achievement Test (PCAT), a 20 multiple choice test. A reliability coefficient of 0.70 was estimated using split-half. One hypothesis was tested, using t – test at 0.05 level of significance. Result of the study showed no significant difference in biology concepts achievement of male and female students taught using outdoor learning resources. Hence, it is suitable for teaching both male and female students.
Keywords: Outdoor Activities, Learning Resources, Students’ Achievement, Gender, Biology Concepts
IMPACT OF PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP (PPP) IN THE PROVISION OF FACILITIES IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN MINNA METROPOLIS OF NIGER STATE
*AWWAL IBRAHIM; & **MUHAMMAD BABA, Ph.D
*Department of Educational Foundations and Curriculum, Faculty of Education, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. **Department of Educational Foundations, Niger State College of Education, Minna
This study is entitled the “Impact of Public-Private Partnership (PPP) in the Provision of Facilities in Senior Secondary Schools in Minna Metropolis of Niger State”. Three objectives were formulated which were to determine the type of facilities expected to be provided by private sectors in secondary schools, assess the stakeholders involved in provision of facilities in secondary schools and investigate the factors affecting effectiveness of Public Private Partnership in secondary schools in Minna Metropolis of Niger State, Nigeria. Research questions in line with the objectives. Descriptive survey design was used. The population was 1800 with sample size of 360 which were selected through a multistage sampling technique. Twenty structured-item self-designed questionnaire was used to collect data from the stakeholders. For the reliability of the instrument, a pilot study was conducted through a test re-test method and the two results were correlated using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient (PPMC) and the result was 0.82 which implies the instrument was reliable. Mean was the statistical tool used for analysis of data. The study revealed that inadequate funds, unhealthy school-community relationship, communal clashes, change of government/politics, corruption and participation in partisan politics by school leaders and other personnel in the school were considered to be the factors affecting provision of facilities by Public Private Partnership in Senior Secondary schools in Minna Metropolis of Niger State. It is recommended among others that principals should avoid partisan politics and build healthy school-community relationship to boost the interest of private sectors in the provision of adequate facilities in Senior Secondary Schools in Minna Metropolis of Niger State.
Key Words: Public-Private Partnership (PPP) and Provision of Facilities
TEACHERS’ PERCEPTION OF THE APPLICATION OF PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENTAL PLAN BY PROPRIETORS OF PRIVATE SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN AWKA EDUCATION ZONE OF ANAMBRA STATE
*ONUORAH, H.C. (Ph.D); *EZIAMAKA, CHIKA NONYE (Ph.D); & **IWUNO, NGOZI FLORENCE (Ph.D)
*Department of Educational Management and Policy, Faculty of Education, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka **Alex Ekwueme Federal University, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State
The study determined teachers’ perception of the application of physical environmental plan by proprietors of private secondary schools in Awka Education Zone of Anambra State. One research question guided the study and two hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study was a descriptive survey. The population of the study comprised 734 teachers in private secondary schools in Awka Education Zone of Anambra State. Through simple random sampling, the researcher sampled 30% of teachers in the Zone. This amounted to 220 teachers as sample for the study. The instrument of data collection was a structured questionnaire which was developed by the researcher and validated by three experts in education. Mean, standard deviation and t-test was used to analyze data for the study. Finding of the study revealed that proprietors of private secondary schools in Awka Education Zone apply environmental planning to a high extent. Finding of the study further showed that the proprietors planned for accessibility to the schools, fencing, availability of play grounds, spacious classrooms and provision of convenience spaces such as toilets and cafeteria. However, it was also revealed that proprietors of private secondary schools do not properly plan for staff rooms, school library, computer laboratory, science laboratory, providing safe parking space for visitors and staff and providing for appropriate security lighting system in and around the school premises. Teachers did not significantly differ in their opinion on the extent proprietors of private secondary schools apply physical environmental plan in Awka Education Zone. Based on these findings, the following recommendations were made among others that the Post Primary School Service Commission (PPSSC) should scale up their school inspection and supervisory practices to ascertain the provision of standard offices or staff room blocks for teachers so as to motivate them for higher productivity and better education service delivery. It was also recommended that proprietors of private schools should seek financial and technical support from local or international and governmental or non-governmental organizations for the provision of science laboratory materials and information and communication technology facilities in their schools.
Keywords: Teachers, Application, Physical, Environmental, Plan, Proprietors, Perception
ASSESSMENT OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF HOMEGROWN SCHOOL FEEDING PROGRAMME IN UBE SCHOOLS IN SOUTH-WEST NIGERIA
KEHINDE ADEWALE AYOTUNDE; YAKUBU, Sani; UWALEKE, GLADYS CHINELO Ph.D
Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Faculty of Education, Department of Educational Management
The study assessed the implementation of Home Grown-School Feeding Programme in UBE Schools in South-West Nigeria. The study was guided by two research questions with corresponding two objectives and hypotheses. The research design used for this study was the cross-sectional survey research design. The population of the study consisted of 38, 423 (154 Local Government Educational secretaries 2814 principals and 35455 teachers). The sample size of this study consisted of 379 using Krejcie and Morgan (1970) Table and simple random technique respectively. The researcher developed a questionnaire for data collection from the respondents. The questionnaire is tagged ‘‘Implementation of Home Grown School Feeding Programme in UBE Schools Questionnaire’ (IHGSFPUBESQ). The instrument was duly validated and it yielded 0.80 as logical validity index. The coefficient of internal consistency of 0.75 was obtained after pilot testing the instrument. Descriptive statistics of mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions while Pearson product moment correlation was employed to test all the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study indicated that there was a significant relationship between provision of funds and implementation of home-grown school feeding programme in South-Western Nigeria UBE schools and there was a significant relationship between recruitment of food vendors and implementation of home grown school feeding programme in South-Western Nigeria UBE schools. One of the recommendations of the study was that the various state governments in South-Western Nigeria should solicit for special intervention funds from donor agencies like United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), European Union (EU), African Union (AU) among others to facilitate the successful implementation of the home-grown- school feeding programme in the UBE schools.
Keywords: Assessment, Implementation, Feeding Programme, Supervisors and Food vendors.
RELEVANCE OF ICT ON EDUCATIONAL ISSUES FOR EDUCATIONAL SUSTAINABILITY IN OYO STATE TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS
Department of Computer Science, EACOED, Oyo
As tertiary education is progressively playing a significant role in the development of any nation so also it is devastating and misdemeanor not to recognize the relevance of ICT in tertiary education for any nation agitating to experience sustainable educational transformation. Meanwhile, ICT has been embraced in every field of life as formidable device one cannot do without in this age of science and technology. This paper focused on the relevance of ICT-facilities and educational-issues. These educational issues were categorized into curriculum-issue, students’ affairs issue and academic-staff issue out of which other issues sprang up. Three hypotheses were raised with thirty (30) items as questionnaire in which ten (10) items are for each hypothesis raised to generate the required data for the study. Three hundred questionnaires were distributed to three hundred academic and non-academic staff of the three universities selected within Oyo state and the data collected was analyzed with the application of Chi-square (X2) statistical method at 0.05 alpha level to test the three hypotheses formulated for the study. It was discovered that ICT could not be neglected if the issues with their challenges would be eliminated in order for Nigeria to be partaker of one of the nations that will enjoy sustainable educational development. This is because in hypothesis one, the X2critical value (16.92) was smaller than X2 calculated value (34.10) showing that the null hypothesis is rejected, in the second hypothesis, the X2critical value (16.92) was smaller than X2 calculated value (32.11) showing that the null hypothesis is rejected and in the third hypothesis, the X2critical value (16.92) was smaller than X2 calculated value (52.89) showing that the null hypothesis is rejected.
Keywords: educational-issues, ICT-facilities, sustainable, curriculum-issue and academic-staff
ACCESS AND USES OF INSTAGRAM ADVERTISMENT AMONG THE STUDENTS OF FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC BAUCHI
ABUBAKAR BABA GARBA,
Mass Communication Department, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi
This research is aimed at investigating the Access and Uses of Instagram Advertisement among Students of Federal Polytechnic Bauchi. The research adopted survey method and used questionnaire to obtained relevant data for the study. The population of the study consists of the undergraduate Students of Federal Polytechnic Bauchi. The research sampled 370 respondents from the respective schools in Federal Polytechnic Bauchi. In analyzing the data collected, the research used simple percentage and frequency table. The findings from the study reveals that Students have Access to various kinds of product on Instagram. Students use Instagram Advertising in getting information about product service and ideas. Instagram influence them in a positive ways to purchase product. Their view towards Instagram is satisfactory. It was therefore recommended that advertisers of various product, services or ideas should try as much as possible to authenticate and simplify their advert on Instagram in order to easily arrest the interest of the audience. Furthermore, advertising agencies who utilize Instagram as a medium of encoding their advert should endeavor to comply with the rules and regulations stipulated by their association such as OAAN and APCON. The Advertisers should be articulate and straight forward in the content of the advertisement.
Keywords: Advertising, Instagram, Access, Uses, Students.
EFFECTIVE AND EFFICIENT PHYSICAL EDUCATION TEACHERS AS DETERMINANT OF PHYSICAL FITNESS LEVEL AMONG BICHI SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN KANO STATE, NIGERIA.
Federal College of Education (T) Bichi P.M.B. 3734, Physical and Health Education Department FCE (T) Bichi, Kano State, Nigeria.
Human potential and material resources can be harnessed through Effective and efficient physical sports education. This paper therefore highlights objectives of physical education is to promote physical fitness to the highest level among the participant. Qualified Physical education teachers have the responsibility as role model with determinant lifestyle that promote fitness behavior among secondary schools in Bichi. The paper enumerates gains which students may experience as a result of participating in regular, vigorous exercises. The paper view inadequate and inappropriate preparation has been identified as a major barrier for a generalist to produce a quality physical education program as prescribed by the curriculum. The researcher uses descriptive survey research design and self-developed questionnaire with four 4-point likert rating scale used to collect data for the study. This implies that experience of physical education teacher will significantly determine physical fitness level of the students. Recommendations measures that can ensure better quality of life for everyone now and tomorrow are also highlighted. Adequate training and retaining sportsmen for laying solid foundation from primary to tertiary level was also advocated. Government should make efforts at improving the attitude of students to practical classes by providing physical fitness laboratories for practical’s, so that the learning experiences of the students can become more meaningful and at the same time interesting. The paper concludes on a hopeful note that problems which could impede the successes can overcome through proper planning
Keywords: Effective, Efficient, Physical, Education, Teachers.
ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING IN NIGERIAN POLYTECHNICS: CHALLENGES AND PROSPECTS
HAFSAT USMAN KASIM
Dapartment of Languages, School of Lihnal Studies, Nuhu Bamalli Polytechnic, Zaria, Kaduna State
This paper looks at the close relationship between English language and education. It examines the problems and prospects of English language teaching in Nigerian polytechnics. Our educational system will continue to suffer serious setbacks as long as our students are not able to develop filly their linguistic and communicative competence.
Keywords: English, Language, Teaching, Nigerian, Polytechnics.
PREDICTIVE VALIDITY OF S.S. III CHEMISTRY MOCK EXAMINATION IN RELATION TO WAEC EXAMINATION OF SOME SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN DAMBAM LOCAL GOVERNMENT OF BAUCHI STATE, NIGERIA.
1FAUZIYYA ALIYU JIBO AND 2DANIEL MUSA MARTI
1Department of Chemistry, College of Education Azare 2Department of Chemistry, Aminu Saleh College of Education Azare.
The topic of the research is ‘predictive validity of S.S III chemistry MOCK Examination in relation to WAEC examination of some selected secondary schools in Dambam Local Government of Bauchi State, Nigeria. The aim of the research is to test the student performance in both WAEC and MOCK Examinations for 2012 and 2013 session. An observational checklist was used to collect the data from the study area and correlation coefficient was used to determine the difference between the MOCK and WAEC and t-test was used to test the significance of the hypothesis raised. The findings of the research indicated that there was a positive relationship between students’ performance in MOCK and WAEC chemistry for both 2012 and 2013 except in government day secondary school Dambam for 2012 which was found to be significant. Based on the findings, appropriate recommendations were made.
Keywords: Validity, Reliability, Correlation, MOCK, WAEC
COMPARATIVE STUDY AMONG MALE AND FEMALE PRINCIPALS’ LEADERSHIP STYLES AND TEACHERS’ JOB PERFORMANCE IN PUBLIC SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN MAIDUGURI METROPOLIS, BORNO STATE
*MOHAMMED GONI TELA1 AND DAUDA ALIYU & **MOHAMMED ALHAJI BUKAR
*Department of Business Education, Ramat polytechnic Maiduguri, Borno State **Teachers Education Division, Mohammed Goni College of legal and Islamic Studies, Maiduguri, Borno State.
This study examined the comparative study among male and female principals’ leadership style and teachers’ job performance in public senior secondary schools in Maiduguri Metropolis, Borno State. Three objectives were formulated to guide the study. Three hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study used correlational research design. The population of the study was one thousand two hundred and thirty six (1236) teachers and sixteen (16) principals of public senior secondary schools in Maiduguri Metropolis, Borno State. A simple random sampling technique was used to form a sample of three hundred and seventy one (371) teachers which represent 30% of the population, and all the sixteen schools principals were used in this study. Sixty (60) items questionnaires were used for data collection. The questionnaires’ title was “Principals’ Leadership Styles” (PLSQ) and “Teachers’ job performance” (TJPQ).Cronbachs’ Alpha was used to test reliability of the instrument and the reliability coefficients of 0.87 was obtained. Descriptive statistics (mean and standard deviation) PPMC and multiple regressions were used for data analysis., the result revealed that, teachers’ job performance was found to be moderate, there is very strong positive relationship between male principals’ leadership style and teachers’ job performance and also there is moderate positive relationship between female principals’ leadership style and teachers’ job performance. The study further revealed that there is a significant relationship among principals’ leadership styles, principals’ gender and teachers’ job performance. The study concludes that Leadership styles were the determinant factor of teachers’ job performance. The study therefore, recommended that public senior secondary school principals should embrace a professional leadership style as it enhances teachers’ job performance.
Keywords: Male and Female Principals’ Leadership Styles, Teachers’ Job Performance
SCIENCE TEACHERS’ PERCEPTION OF CORRUPTION: IMPLICATION FOR NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
Chemistry Department, FCT College of Education, Zuba, Abuja
The study investigated the science teacher’s perception of corruption and its consequences on students and society. A descriptive survey design was used. The sample consisted of 40 science teachers from four senior secondary schools in municipal area council of FCT. By simple random sampling, 10 teachers were selected from each school as respondents. Two research questions and one hypothesis guided the study. The instrument used was a structured questionnaire developed by the researcher and validated by senior colleagues. Reliability of the instrument was established using Cronbach Alpha reliability coefficient in which gave 0.68. Mean and mean deviation was used to answer the research questions and t-test for null hypothesis tested at 0.5 level of significance. The finding of the study revealed among others that science teachers perceived corruption correctly with mean of 3.06, their perception of consequence of corruption was also strong with mean of 2.92. The t- calculated was 0.34 while t-tabulated was 1.98, hence, the null hypothesis was accepted. The result shows that science teachers are well informed of corruption and its consequences. It is recommended that welfare of science teachers should not be neglected, so that the war against corruption will be a reality.
Keywords: Corruption, Perception, Science Values, Consequences.
COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE CHALLENGES OF INSTRUCTIONAL SUPERVISION IN SOUTH EAST GEOPOLITICAL ZONE OF NIGERIA
ONYEKWE, EMMANUEL CHUKWUNWIKE
Department of Educational Foundations, School of Education, Federal College of Education (Technical) Asaba, P.M.B. 1044, Asaba, Delta State
This study is a comparative analysis of the challenges of instructional supervision in secondary schools in South-East Geopolitical Zone. Two research questions and two null hypotheses guided the study. The ex-post facto research design was employed in the study. The population for the study was made up of 22, 054 respondents from Anambra, Enugu and Imo States. The sample for the study comprised 702 respondents which constituted 165 principals, 420 teachers and 117 inspectors selected from the above named States through the stratified random sampling and systematic sampling techniques. A 20-item questionnaire designed by the researcher and titled: “Challenges of Instructional Supervision for Principals, Teachers and Inspectors Questionnaire (CISPTIQ) was used to conduct the study. The research instrument was validated by three experts from the Faculty of Education, Delta State University, Abraka. The reliability was determined through a pilot test which yielded an overall internal consistency of 0.82. The data collected were analyzed using mean scores and standard deviation in order to answer the research questions, while the hypotheses were tested using ANOVA statistics at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study revealed among other things that: the challenges of instructional supervision when compared across the three States were similar in most areas and included: the principals’ leadership style which negatively influence effective instructional supervision in the school, records of instructional supervision are not utilized after supervision of instructions, and principals lack of administrative experience. The hypothetical results indicated that the difference in the mean scores of principals, teachers and inspectors on the challenges of instructional supervision when compared among secondary schools across Anambra, Enugu and Imo States of the South-East Geo-Political Zone of Nigeria is significant. The difference lies in mean scores between teachers and inspectors across the States. Among the recommendations proffered from the findings of the study included that the principals of secondary schools in Anambra, Enugu and Imo States of the South-East Geo-Political Zone of Nigeria should promote efficient instructional supervision in their schools by solving the challenges affecting the effectiveness of instructional supervision. This should be followed by adopting leadership styles and practices which encourage effective instructional supervision in the school and utilizing records of instructional supervision after supervision of instructions.
Key words: Comparative, Analysis, Challenges, Instructional, Supervision, South-East geopolitical zone
THE GUIDANCE AND COUNSELLING POTENTIALITIES IN LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SCIENCE PROFESSION IN NIGERIA
BALA SULEIMAN ABDUL; ADAMU IBRAHIM; IDRIS MOHAMMED; & ABUBAKAR ABDULLAHI HAMANI
Department of Library and Information Science, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi
This paper examines the guidance and counseling potentialities in library and information science profession. In the paper various issues were discussed, including a review of library profession in Nigeria, an overview of different forms of libraries, the current challenges in the library profession, a brief synopsis of guidance and counseling, importance of guidance and counseling to library profession and the guidance and counseling potentialities in library profession in Nigeria.
Keywords: guidance and counseling, potentialities, Library, Nigeria.
APPLICATION OF INTERNET FACILITIES IN COVID-19 ERA AS A MEDIUM FOR TEACHING AND LEARNING AND IT’S EFFECT ON STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN YOBE STATE UNIVERSITY
EVANS ORISA EJIKEME
Department of Office Technology and Management, School of Management Studies, the Federal Polytechnic, Damaturu
The application of internet facilities as a medium of teaching and learning, especially in this period of COVID-19 cannot be over emphasized. In fact, it is a common thing these days to see teachers holding and manipulating some sort of gadgets using the internet to accomplish different aspects of teaching and learning aimed at imparting knowledge in student. The internet is a powerful tool that enable users to communicate virtually and be more productive and profitable when used effectively; streamlining office work, communication among students and teachers for passing instructions are some of the benefits (Dimaggio, 2004). The revolution in information and communication technology that has turned the world into a global village would not have been achieved without internet and its facilities. The researcher developed some objectives which include to determine how the use of instant messaging can affect students learning process, how the use of teleconferencing by institutions of higher learning can encourage communication efficiency and effectiveness among students and teachers etc. Three research questions were also posed to guide the study. The area of study was department of accountancy, Yobe state university, Damaturu where 100 students were randomly selected. The methodology used by the researcher is descriptive survey to gather data from respondents, frequency distribution table and mean score for data analysis. After retrieving and analyzing 83 questionnaires retrieved out of the 100 distributed to respondents, findings revealed that the use of internet facilities like instant messages as medium of communication enhanced teaching and learning and increased students’ performance academically during this COVID-19 period. It also showed that teleconferencing assisted teachers in passing instructions to students without having to come together physically; hence reducing the stress of travelling long distances and danger of contracting coronavirus infection. Based on the findings stated, the researcher recommended that government at all levels (Federal, State and Local) should endeavor to encourage students and institutions by assisting them financially to enable them procure the necessary internet gadgets and devices for instructional purposes. They should as a matter of necessity, ensure the provision of internet connectivity to all the nooks and crannies of the country for effective coverage and usage among others.
Keywords: Internet, teaching, performance, learning, application
EFFECT OF LEADERSHIP STYLE ON THE PERFORMANCE OF ACADEMIC STAFF IN THE FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC DAMATURU, YOBE STATE, NIGERIA
1KOLAWOLE, ABDULAZEEZ OYENIYI, & 2MOHAMMED SANI GALADIMA
1Department of Business Administration and Management, the Federal Polytechnic, Damaturu. Yobe-State 2Department of Mathematics & Statistics, the Federal Polytechnic, Damaturu
Leadership and Employee Performance examines whether or not leadership styles has any influence on employee performance and the level of significance of impacts on academic institutions taken Federal Polytechnic, Damaturu, into perspective. Many issues crops up in an attempt to influence behavior because group activity is to meet some fundamental objectives; leadership efforts to influence productivity are reflected by employee performance. Multiple theories have been developed to explain pattern of leaderships, no single style could suffice at all time and in all circumstances. The case is more difficult for public sector management because of social welfare and public interest, increased level of awareness, individual interests and factors of changing globalization to mention but a few. The consequential poor performance made people doubt the place of public sector administrators. This research has its core in the leadership styles and possible influences and actual impacts on performance of academic institutions. Thus the main objective is the influence of leadership style on the performance of academic staff. The methodology of this research work is survey and case study approach. The primary data was generated from questionnaires administered on 65 samples of 180, 2019 population size from the 12 academic departments out of which 42 were returned. Descriptive analysis of the 42 returned questionnaires indicates existence of relationship between leadership style and employee performance. Also, the results of Chi-Square indicate significant impact of leadership on performance; calculated values of 13.51 against the table value of 9.488 automatically reject the null hypothesis which states that there is no relationship between leadership and performance. Major findings include the existence of significant relationship between leadership and performance such that there is negative effect of poor leadership style on academic staff performance. For improved performance, such measures as motivation and delegations towards improved democratization and participation is recommended. The leadership-employee performance is adjudged to be good and by maintaining the tempo and making necessary adjustments, future leadership-employee relationship is bright.
Keywords: leadership, management, leadership styles, employee performance, productivity.
LES INTELLECTUELS FACE AU DÉLABREMENT DE LA SOCIÉTÉ DANS TROP DE SOLEIL TUE L’AMOUR DE MONGO BETI
*TAIYOL TYAVNUM TITUS ET **JUDAH IORTSUME FANYAM
*Department of French, College Of Education, Oju **Department of French, College Of Education, Katsina-Ala
L’auteur, Alexandre Biyidi dit Mongo Beti est un écrivain français d’origine camerounaise, qui dans ses romans et ses essais, se présente comme le dénonciateur de la situation de l’Afrique coloniale, postcoloniale et néocoloniale. Défenseur de la culture africaine en péril, il est l’auteur de nombreux ouvrages parmi lesquels : Pauvre Christ de Bomba, Remembrer Ruben, Ville cruelle, Main basse sur le Cameroun, Branle-bas en noir et blanc, etc. Dans son ouvrageTrop de Soleil, tue l’amour, publié aux éditions Julliard (Paris, 1999), il nous raconte l’histoire de Zam, journaliste politique dans une capitale africaine, passionné de jazz, à qui l’on a dérobé une quantité impressionnante de CDs, étrange et malheureux événement pour lui, et qui ne sera là que le début d’une vie tourmentée d’étranges et curieuses situations auxquelles Zam devra faire face. Car, en effet, étant une cible gouvernementale à cause de son article sur l’exploitation forestière, Zamakwé va devenir l’objet de manipulation d’individus mal intentionnés qui iront jusqu’à mettre dans l’appartement de ce dernier, un cadavre afin de le culpabiliser. Aidé par son ami Eddie, sa compagne Bébête et son patron PTC, encore appelé Souop, Zam et bien d’autres compagnons devront faire face à un ennemi commun, qui depuis des années n’a fait que leur rendre la vie difficile.
Keywords: Intellectuels, Délabrement, Société, Trop L’amour.
THE EFFECT OF SOCIAL MEDIAN ON STUDENTS PERFORMANCE IN LEARNING MATHEMATICS
JEJE, O. S. , OLAGOKE ,M . AND EGBON , F.O
Department of Mathematics, College of Education, Ikere – Ekiti
The study compared the effect of social media on students performance in learning mathematics. The sample for the study consisted of 200 senior secondary school one (1) students. Multi – stage random sampling technique was used to select the needed sample for the study. The instruments used was the Mathematics Achievement Test (MAT) and a t-test Analysis was used to analyze the data collected at 0.05 level of significance. There were 20 items, four options multiple choice objectives test measuring students achievement in the topic used for the student for senior level, hence, this test serves as pre-test and posttest after been rearranged. The findings of this study revealed that there is difference in the performance of senior secondary students taught mathematics using social media and conventional method. The student taught mathematics using social media out-performed than students taught mathematics using conventional method. This is was in line with the finding of Haddad (2002). Also, it was revealed that there is differences in the performance of male and female student in line with Mark 2002 said those boys are more likely do better than girls. Based on the outcome of this study, it was shown that social media have positive effects on teenagers in improving their academic work.
Keyword: effect, social media, performance , learning
STATISTICAL ANALYSIS ON STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN RELATION TO LEARNING ENVIRONMENT AND OTHER VARIABLES IN BAUCHI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, OF BAUCHI STATE.
IBRAHIM YUSUF INUWA; USAMATU USMAN; KALABU SALISU AHMAD; & BALA YUSUF,
Department of Mathematics and Statistics Federal Polytechnic Bauch
This study investigate students academic performance in relation to their learning environment and other variables in some selected mixed secondary schools in Bauchi local Government Area, of Bauchi state. A stratified random sample of 150 students was selected from five sampled secondary schools 30 from each school. Cronbach alpha test is used to test the reliability of the questionnaire were as the alpha score is 0.83 this shows that the questionnaire is reliable. T- test was used in analyzing the data at α= 0.05 level of significant, results shows that there is significant differences between the students’ academic performance in relation to learning environment, the result also shows that there is significant differences between students academic performance in relation to teachers attitude towards work, and there is significant difference between students academic performance in relation to students attitudes towards learning, and finally the results also shows that there is significant differences between the students’ academic performance in relation to principals leadership style.
Keywords: academic performance, learning environment, questionnaire, t – test, cronbach alpha.
SMEs CONTRIBUTIONS TOWARDS THE INTEGRATION OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP EDUCATION INTO TECHNICAL COLLEGE PROGRAMS
*ABUBAKAR IBRAHIM MUHAMMAD & **YUSRI BIN KAMIN
*School of Secondary Education (Technical), Federal College of Education (Technical) Bichi, P.M.B. 3473, Kano Nigeria **Technical and Engineering Education Department, School of Education, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
Technical and vocational education play a serious role in the worldwide economy. The advent of integrating technical education with entrepreneurial competencies in some institutions of Sub Sahara African countries Nigeria inclusive advocates transformative changes both at the conceptual and technological levels. It is obvious to solicit the participation of relevant stake holders such as Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) for collaboration in funding the program. The purpose of the study was to explore the SMEs contributions towards the integration of Entrepreneurship education into technical college into curriculum. This study uses phenomenological research design method was guided by interview protocol, thus the data were qualitatively collected. This research involves participants from three technical institutions and three registered SMEs in Kano state Nigeria. The study found that funding, qualified teachers, attitudinal change, curriculum, business opportunity and SMEs growth are issues considered more relevant for the participation of small and medium enterprises in the integration of entrepreneurial competencies into technical college programs in Nigeria. There should be an efficient and relevant cooperation between SMEs and technical colleges.
Keywords: contribution, entrepreneurship education, SMEs, technical college
ROLE OF INFORMATION COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) IN TRANSFORMING EDUCATION SYSTEM IN NIGERIA.
BADARIYYA SANI ILIYASU
Department of Computer Science, Federal College of Education (Technical), Bichi, P.M.B 3473 Kano State.
This paper presents the role of ICTs in transforming Nigeria’s Education Systems (NES). The paper highlights on a positive shift in using ICT to improve the quality of teaching and learning through activities such as intensive ICT skills training to teachers, increase in ICT equipments and applications in schools. The paper first provide some of the challenges of integrating ICTs in education followed by its full actualization.
Keywords: ICT; education; educational transformation.
EXPERIMENTING LEXICAL QUALITY INSTRUCTIONAL TECHNIQUE FOR TEACHING READING: A REAWAKENING OPPORTUNITY FOR UPPER-BASIC SCHOOL PUPILS IN KADUNA METROPOLIS
LAWAL, SAFI Ph.D.; NABAYI, UMAR YAU; & ADAMU, UMAR ZAKAR
Department of languages, College of Administrative Studies and Social Sciences, Kaduna Polytechnics, Kaduna, Nigeria (1a, 1b & 1c).
The study examines the how lexical quality can enhance the teaching and learning of reading at the upper-basic school level as an instructional tool.. The poor achievement of pupils in (UBSCE) English language necessitated this study. It is believed that this study would be of benefits to all the stakeholders and pupils in the education sector. Attempt was made to review the challenges of lexical quality, it nature and evolution as an instructional technique with a view to suggesting ways of improving the quality of teaching and learning of English reading comprehension, and English language in general. Quasi-experimental design with pre and post-test, non-randomised and non-equivalent was adopted for data collection. The population for this study consisted of all upper-basic school pupils in Kaduna metropolis. Two schools were purposively sampled. The sample was categorised into one experimental group and one control group of fifty respondents each. The data collected were analysed using the percentage, mean, standard deviation and analysis of Co-variance (ANCOVA) to test the two formulated hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. Findings revealed that: the general level of pupils’ achievement in reading comprehension was low before the treatment (42.79) but high after the treatment (77.76) irrespective of gender. The paper recommends that teachers of English language should wake up and move in line with modern trend in order to improve the teaching and learning of reading comprehension. Teacher trainers should re-modify the teacher training programmes to re-orientate the teachers toward the use of lexical quality instructional technique. Curriculum planners and developers should not be left out in this regard.
Keywords: Reading, Comprehension, Technique, Lexical quality and Achievement