BERKELEY PUBLICATIONS INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF AFRICAN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT (BJASD) (VOL. 13 NO. 2)
ISSN: 1334 – 4977 SEPTEMBER, 2020
Berkeley Research and Publications International,
Bayero University, Kano, PMB 3011, Kano State, Nigeria.
Nigeria, West-Africa. +234-708-717-3247
DEVELOPING COMMENSAL INTEGRATION MODEL OF INTEGRATING REMOTE SENSING MULTIMEDIA GIS AND GPS.
EJIGA, ABUBAKAR ISA
Department of Geoinformatics and Surveying, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus.
The Google map which is Remotely derived is adjudged the best navigation tool available to both trained and untrained populace as it enables people to locate points of their interest without having to pester the public for enquiries. However it has been found to have some shortcomings which are capable of limiting its applicabilities as collaborated by many authorities. There is therefore a gap of an integration model that can address the challenges identified. This research is of the view that those deficiencies can be remedied by integrating remote sensing, GIS and GPS in what is termed the Commensal Integration Model. The coordinates of points were determined on UTM worldwide and on Mina UTM 32 projected coordinate system. The difference between both of the systems for reasonable number of locations were noted and averaged. They were then applied to GPS readings on the Minna projected datum to generate the appropriate locations of the points on the Google map. The multimedia data for the locations obtained were processed using appropriate software and hyperlinked/loaded onto their correct locations. The difference in coordinate between the projected coordinate system and UTM worldwide were found to be 1470 411 and 142.68m averagely in bearing and distance indicating differences of 75.92m in Easting and -120.17m in Northing respectively. Therefore when converting from UTM Minna datum to UTM worldwide it should be negative in Easting and possible in Northing axes. While converting the other round, the reverse is the case. These constants has been code- named ejiga – Okeke – unn constants. To solve the challenge of inaccurate location, these constants were applied to the UTM Minna projected values and it ensured that points were accurately located on the Google map. Apart from inaccuracy, other challenges like missing information or poor recognition were eliminated. The lack of context information experienced on digital maps was mitigated by adding the multimedia data sets including video, audio, text and photographs thus making the objects or entities virtually distinctive. The challenge of generalization in presentation is also mitigated by this multimedia context as only prominent and notable entities are favoured and highlighted at the expense of less important ones with the effect that maps are clearer.
Keywords: UTM Minna/Worldwide Remote sensing, GPS, GIS, Unn_Constants, Commensal Integration, Navigation tool, Google map.
SUSTAINABLE MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT AND THE ROLE OF THE INFORMAL WASTE SECTOR IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.
*ABDULLAHI, SHUAIBU DANJUMA; & **SHERIF ALBELTAGY, PhD
*Cambridge International College, St Brelade, Jersey JE3 8FP, Britain. **Spark for Training and Development, Affiliated to Cambridge International College, Britain, Giza, Egypt.
For sometimes now, sustainable management of municipal solid waste in developing countries have become a critical urban development issue because of many problems that have hampered the progress of cities in this regard. One option towards sustainability by developing countries, therefore is to begin to recognise and partner with the informal waste sector. Unfortunately, however, the informal waste sector has been viewed with hostility by most governments in developing countries and hence their activities are neither recognised nor integrated into the formal waste sector. This is not surprising because these governments believe that their activities create more nuisance to city scape and the environment than provide solution to myriads of problems of municipal solid waste management. It is therefore argued in this paper that some progress can be made by the developing countries in regards to sustainability of municipal solid waste management if they are able to acknowledge the existence and contribution of the informal waste sector and consequently integrate them.
Keywords: sustainability, informal waste sector, municipal solid waste, recognition, integration
USING BUILD-OPERATE-TRANSFER (BOT) APPROACH IN ENCOURAGING PRIVATE INVESTMENT IN NIGERIA UNIVERSITIES HOSTEL ACCOMMODATION DEVELOPMENT SCHEME
ZAKI, YAKUBU M.1 DR. MUSA-HADDARY, Y. G. 2 ZAKI, BLESSED M.,3 TIMOTHY MARCUS KOGI 4 SAMBO, BILKISU P.,5 GHIYASUDDEN, B.A.6
1Department of Quantity Surveying, Kaduna State University, Kaduna, Nigeria 2Department of Quantity Surveying, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria 3Department of Architectural Technology, Nuhu Bamali Polytechnic Zaria 4Department of Quantity Surveying, Nuhu Bamalli Polytechnic, Zaria, Nigeria 5Department of Building Technology, Nuhu Bamalli Polytechnic Zaria 6Department of Building Technology, Nuhu Bamalli Polytechnic Zaria
Nigerian Universities are growing rapidly, leading to an increase in the demand for hostel accommodation. The development of these hostels has mostly remained the exclusive responsibility of the owners. Due to increasing demand, shortage of public funds and other factors the government is now seeking to share this responsibility with private investors. What is being proposed as a remedy is a privately financed infrastructure scheme in the form of the Build- Operate- Transfer (BOT) approach. The University Hostel Development Scheme (UHDS) is already adjudged a total failure and almost an abandoned scheme. There are numerous reasons why government policies usually fail; there could be political, social, legal or economic reason any of which could derail or halt a good vision. However, for investors, one cardinal reason for business failures is the economic viability of the investment. If the UHDS were economically viable, investors would flock to it with or without government facilitation. So this study looks at the economic viability of the UHDS (BOT option) in Nigeria and the need for private investors to participate in UHDS.The study measured the Net Present Value (NPV) to see if the scheme was economically viable or not, and Pay Back Period (PBP) of the scheme to see how long it will take the investors to recoup back their money using the conventional NPV and PBP formulae.The study concluded that while the scheme showed high net return on the investment (profit), the PBP were too long for the kind of investors (mostly short-term investors) the scheme had. The study therefore recommended measures such as changing the design of the hostels to reduce cost and consequently lower the PBP to a shorter and more acceptable period to the investors.
Keywords: University-Hostel; Development; Investment; Bot; Viability.
IMPACT OF SYSTEMATIC TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT ON THE PERFORMANCE OF STAFF IN NIGER STATE POLYTECHNIC, ZUNGERU.
*NUHUTUKUR IBRAHIM; **ABDULLAHI BALA ADO; ***ABUBAKAR TAFIDA JIBRIL; & ***NAJAHATU ABDULLAHI RAIS
*Department of Public Administration, Faculty of Administration, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria **Department of Local Government Studies, School of Rural Technology and Entrepreneurship Development, Rano, Kano State Polytechnic, Kano Nigeria ***Department of Public Administration, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria.
Systematic Training and Development of staff is an important ingredient for improving the performance of staff in an organization, training is indeed essential for the survival of any organization and for development of staff, enhancement of ability to adopt to new techniques for better performance, increase employees knowledge to enhance and enriched capacity, developed creativity, promote innovation as well as problem solving skills, the main fundamental objectives of the study is to ascertain how systematic training and development programme affect the performance of staff in Niger state polytechnic, Zungeru. between the periods of 2013 -2018, the study employed a survey research design method, the population of the study includes all the academic staff of Niger State Polytechnic both Zungeru and Bida Campuses which stood at two hundred and ninety three (293) Staff. Krejcie and Morgan (1970) was used in determining the sample size of the respondents and arrived at one hundred and sixty nine (169). Stratified sampling was used for the study; the data were generated from both primary and secondary sources, the study used both descriptive and inferential statistics in describing and analyzing data, Regression analysis was also used as tools of analysis. the study revealed that the institution lack self built staff training programme, most staff training demands were sponsored solely by TETFUND; also the staff training choice was not often related to training need assessment; staff choice of course and institution of training were not always based on the polytechnic priority. However, the study recommended that the polytechnic should put concerted effort to build self training programme and to reduce over reliance and demand sponsored by TETFUND, it also suggested that the choice of staff training should be based on need assessment, and the choice of courses and institutions should be always based on polytechnic priorities.
Keywords; Assessment, Development, Impact, Performance, Systematic Training.
PROMOTING CREATIVE ARTS FOR YOUTH AND NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT: A EXAMINATION OF THE RAINBOW OF PERFORMANCES THEATRE WORKSHOP
ABEL IDEBE, Ph.D
Department of English, Gombe State University, Gombe.
Arts and Entertainment in recent times have enlarged its space of emergence across different parts of the country. There is a massive entrance of Youth into the creative space of the Nigerian society who are showing great interest in pursuing vocations and careers in different arts such as dance, drama, music, modeling and event management etcetera. The renaissance of arts creativities among the Youths in Nigeria was well demonstrated by the 2018/2019 100 Level Students of English Department of Gombe State University. This was manifested in the recent performances done by the students under a course titled Theatre Workshop. The programme was tagged Rainbow of Performances. This paper will therefore give an account of the different performances the students performed. It will then further expose how it brings to bear the significant inputs of students in the exploration of the different arts creativities. The paper essentially seeks to concretely use this experience to critically argue for the potentialities of arts creativities especially in the area of job creation and Youth employment. It also addresses some of the challenges which arts creativities are confronted with for Youth and National Development. It will then make submissions on how arts creativities can be effectively explored to contribute to the development of the Nigerian Youth and by extension the Nigerian socio-economic development.
Keywords: Creativity, Arts, Youth, Nigeria and Development.
ARCHITECTURE AND POLITICS: AN EXPOSITION OF THE NEW REICHSTAG BUILDING BY SIR NORMAN FOSTER.
ZAKI BLESSED M.; DANRAKA MUSA M.; ADAMU AMINA; ABUBAKAR MUAZU ALIYU; & YUSUF ABDULSALAM
Department of Architecture, Nuhu Bamalli Polytechnic, Zaria.
Architecture is not only classified as describing the elegant and formal preferences of an architect, but it can also reveal the hopes, power struggle and the elements culture of the society. As architecture can control the way we understand the world, looking at architectural history the relation between the monumental architecture and political power can consistently be seen. Architecture gives us the choice to visualize mentally and support societies to create systems that shows their social and cultural traditions and practices. This study is therefore geared towards showing architecture as a tool of connection between social occurrences and political values of a nation. It is in this light that the New Reichstag (the German parliament building) as renovated by Sir Norman Foster is explored because of what it represented at its time of being remodelled.
Keywords: Architecture; Politics; Germany; Reichstag building; Norman Foster
RENEWABLE ENERGY INTEGRATION INTO MOBILE BASE STATION FOR MITIGATING GHG EMISSION
1ABDULKADIR ABUBAKAR, 1BOYA N. SAMSON, 1ZAHRADDIN UMAR DAHIRU, 1BALA A.M., 2JAMILU BALA HAMZA
1Department of Electrical/ Electronic Engineering Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi, Nigeria 2Department of Electrical Engineering, Waziri Umaru Federal Polytechnic, Kebbi, Nigeria
GHG emission production is now the major challenge for healthy environment worldwide. The mobile base station in remote areas is among the contributors of CO2 when powering their equipment with diesel generators as the main supply of electricity. The merit of the proposed design model is simple to implement, saving cost of operation and the overall reducing the harmful emission. This is achieved by taken the equipment energy consumption through physical measurement at the location or using their datasheet. The proposed design was using Homer Pro software by computing the precise total loads measurement of the selected eNBs and considers the sensitivity configuration of the chosen components. The renewable energy was integrated, evaluated and compare the feasible reduction of gas emission as well as network operating cost. Based on the simulation, the proposed model of PVGen combination will give a feasible solution for the study area and the results obtained was based on Kobi road, Bauchi-Nigeria location which significantly achieved 85% of GHG emission reduction. The proposed system will improve the ecological friendly condition and increase the revenue of the telecommunication industry.
Keywords: Renewable Energy, Mitigation, Mobile Base Station, GHG Emission and Energy Consumption
TOWARDS THE PROPER USE OF THE INTERNET IN THE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN THE SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN IBARAPA EAST LOCAL GOVERNMENT, OYO STATE
SULYMON, JIMOH ALANI
Department of English, the College of Education, Lanlate, Oyo State.
This paper examines the use of the Internet in the teaching and learning of English Language in a Nigerian socio-cultural context through Herring’s (2001) Internet usage in language pedagogy. The population of the study consists of SSCE students in Ibarapa East Local Government Area, Oyo State while the sampled data used for the study consists of one hundred randomly selected students in five purposively sampled secondary schools in Ibarapa East Government Area. Stratified random sampling technique was used in selecting our respondents. Method of gathering was the use of questionnaire while method of data analysis was the use of simple percentage statistical tool. Our findings revealed that many of our respondents believed that Internet facility if properly used, could help improve the fall in students’ performances in SSCE English in Nigeria. Also, many of the respondents equally believed that the use of Internet for English language pedagogy is faced with the problem of epileptic power supply, lack of conducive environment and lack of digital tools to teach English Language. It was recommended that government should equip schools in Oyo State with Internet facilities for the pedagogy of English language in not only Ibarapa East Secondary schools, but throughout Oyo State.
Keywords: Internet, English Language Pedagogy, Ibarapa East Secondary Schools, Computer-Assisted Learning (CAL), Students’ Performance
EXPLORING GLOBAL MARKET OPPORTUNITIES FOR NIGERIA ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
1ILIYA BAWA, PHD, 2ABUBAKAR IBRAHIM AND 3ABUBAKAR HARUNA
1Department of Business Administration, Federal University Lokoja, Kogi State – Nigeria 2Department of Marketing, School of Business Studies, Federal Polytechnic Nasarawa – Nigeria 3Department of Marketing, ISM Adonai University, Cotonou Republic of Benin
Globalization has been celebrated as a key to development. The global competition that came from the world integration has led to tremendous progress in the economy of the world, but in Nigeria, its economy is below expectation compared to other nations in the world. The level of marginalization is noted in the distribution index between developed and undeveloped nation. This margin is a clear indication why some countries are richer than others. In other to address these problems, research purpose is formulated which aims to analyze the effect of global market space on Nigerian economic. Quantitative research methodology was used. Data sourced from CBN statistical bulletin for 2002 – 2018 was used for the analysis. The results of regression analysis when economic development proxy as Gross Domestic Product (Dependent Variable) and foreign direct investment inflow, total import, balance of trade, total trade and total export proxy as globalization (independent variables) shows that all the independent variables are positively and significantly related to Gross Domestic Product except total export which was found to be negatively related to Gross Domestic Product. Base on these findings the study recommended that the government should implement strong macroeconomic and structural policies required to gain confidence of foreign investors so as to boost the country’s productivity, growth and competitiveness.
Key Terms: Globalization, Economic growth, Gross Domestic product, Co-integration, Nigeria
FARMERS’ PERCEPTION ON THE MANAGEMENT OF INSECT PESTS ASSOCIATED WITH THREE SELECTED VEGETABLE TYPES IN JOS NORTH LGA OF PLATEAU STATE.
1OLADEJO A.O., 1SIKIRU G.K., 2POPOOLA A.S., 1ISHAYA M. AND 3ADEDIRE O.
1Department of Pest Management Technology, Federal College of Forestry, Jos Nigeria 2Department of Forestry Technology, Federal College of Forestry, Jos. Nigeria 3Department of Statistics, Federal College of Forestry, Jos. Nigeria
This research was conducted to unravel farmers’ perception on insect pest activities as a constraint to vegetables production and their management practices. A baseline survey was conducted between May and November, 2019 using well-structured questionnaires. Three locations (Rikkos, Lamingo and Naraguta) were purposively selected from the Jos north LGA based on farmers growing capacity (both rainy and dry season). Simple random technique was used to select a total of 90 vegetable farmers from these 3 locations with 30 farmers from each locations. The data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Fishers’ exact test (FET) was used to compare the variables. The probability value (P-value) was estimated using two sided test at 5% level of significance. Almost all the farmers in the selected areas engaged in the production of two or all the three vegetables at one season or the other. The results indicated that most farmers (75.6%) in the study areas were men and more than 56% on the average were not educated beyond Primary school in all the locations, with only view Secondary School (37.78%) and very view that go beyond Secondary School (5.56%). This influences farmers’ perception on insect pests of the selected vegetables (cabbage, spinach and carrot). They believed that the fastest and only way to solve pest problem is the use of synthetic pesticides. Therefore, indiscriminate use, handling and disposal of pesticides containers characterized farmer’s attitude in all the locations. There is therefore, serious need for field education of farmers on judicious use of pesticides to protect agro-ecosystem, the environment and non-target animals’ especially human being.
Keywords: Vegetables, Arthropod pests, Farmers’ perception, Pesticides, questionnaires
CHALLENGES OF PRIMARY MORTGAGE INSTITUTIONS IN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF HOUSING FINANCE IN NIGERIA
*EMMANUEL GBADEBO ADENIRAN; **CORNELIUS FEMI POPOOLA; & ***LUKMAN ADEDOYIN
*Department of Banking and Finance, The Polytechnic Ibadan, Ibadan, Oyo State Nigeria. **Department of Business Administration, College of Management Sciences, Joseph Ayo Babalola University, Ikeji-Arakeji, Osun State, Nigeria ***Accountancy Department, The Federal Polytechnic Offa, PMB 420 Offa, Kwara State, Nigeria
This study investigated the challenges of primary mortgage institution on housing finance in Lagos State Nigeria. The study examined the structure of primary mortgage banking in Nigeria, assessed the activities of primary mortgage institutions in housing finance, identified major challenges confronting housing finance efforts of primary mortgage institutions in Nigeria, evaluated the relative impact of the challenges on housing development in Nigeria and suggested sustainable and effective resource mobilization strategies for primary mortgage institutions in Nigeria. A descriptive survey design was adopted and the study made use of both primary and secondary source of data in which 25 copies of questionnaire were administered and retrieved through snowball sampling technique. Financial intermediation was the theory used in the study. Data generated was analysed using descriptive statistics and F-statisticwas used to test the hypothesis on the influence of challenges confronting PMIs on house financing in Lagos State. The finding revealed that challenges confronting PMIs have significant influence on house financing in Lagos State(F.stat(9,15)= 3.782 >F.tab = 1.21, P(.011)<.05).The study found out that 88.0% of the PMIs situated in Lagos State were privately owned and had engaged in various mortgage finance activities such as mortgage finance, acceptance of mortgage-focused demand deposits, real estate construction finance, financial advisory services and drawing mortgage funds for on-lending, but acceptance of saving deposit and time/term deposit were rarely practiced by PMIs in Lagos State. With the regard of challenges facing PMIs house financing effort, the study revealed the following challenges inconsistence in NHF policy, public apathy, high cost of building materials, national economic climate change and high interest rate, PMIs structure, poor collateral, land documentation constraints, competitive finance market and difficulty of access to land. The study therefore recommended that government should provide mechanism to reduce interest rates of mortgage loans, PMIs should scale down on their stringent lending requirements for a building loan, other financial institutions such as the commercial and merchant banks, through the CBN guidelines should be directed to increase their housing loan investments and services and channel through the FMBN, the FMBN and other lending institutions in the metropolis should review the loan agreement to enable the property developers who could not complete their houses secure additional loans so that the houses can be completed on time.
Keywords: Housing finance, Primary Mortgage Institutions, Sustainable housing development
GROWING ROBOTS IN THE WORKPLACE ENVIRONMENT AND CHALLENGES OF 21ST CENTURY VANISHING LABOUR MARKET IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA
*NWANERI CHIOMA J; & **OBIAH, MMADUBUIKE EMMANUEL
*Department of Business Administration & Management, Imo State Polytechnic, Umuagwo **Department of Accountancy, Imo State Polytechnic, Umuagwo
The study investigated the growing robots in the workplace environment and the challenges it poses in this 21st Century vanishing labour market in Sub-Saharan Africa. The study adopted the ex-post facto research design, tabulated and multiple bar charts to collect the data and analyze the study outcome. The study revealed the actual growing number of robotics in workplace environment and contraction of labour market as a result of the introduction of robotics particularly in the manufacturing or industrial sector. The paper is of the opinion that constant upgrade of skills is required to meet up with the little space in the labour market. In view of these the paper recommended that multi-skilled or digital skills are imperative in the collaboration with the education community in ensuring employability of graduates of tertiary institutions in the Sub-Saharan Africa among others.
Keywords: Robotics, workplace Environment, Labour Market, Skills
MANAGEMENT OF FUNCTIONAL TERTIARY EDUCATION FOR LEADERSHIP, VALUES RE-ORIENTATION AND SUSTAINABLE NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN SOUTH-WEST NIGERIA
AJIBOYE JOHNSON TUNDE Ph.D
School of Education, Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo.
Students attend tertiary institutions in order to discover their potentials. Having passed through the training in various capacities, coupled with values inculcated in them while receiving training the features of leadership begin to manifest as they begin to perform their routine work not only while performing official duty but also in their environment. The society begins to watch them in terms of honesty, human relations, tolerance, firmness, punctuality, knowledge, charisma and a host of attributes of a leader before they are saddled with any responsibility in their places of work or where they live. The judgment or personal opinions of co-workers or inhabitants / dwellers can either mar or make their progress. This shows that the society cherishes good conducts of an individual and if it is otherwise, the society will be disappointed. It is a known fact that education is a key mechanism that promotes tolerance in diversity. Perhaps, among the serious problems facing the nation nowadays are; identification of value, Cultism, corruption, materialism, crime and violence. This paper attempts to highlight the concepts of value, tertiary education, and leadership. Comparison of different countries in budget allocation was done, Africa Centre of Excellence was discussed in tabular form, UNESCOS’S role in Education for Sustainable Development was itemized. World Ranking based on impact of publications was done in tabular form while a table shows the top ten Best Universities in Agriculture in Nigeria. It was concluded that Nigeria is not yet developed based on the differences and similarities among member countries even in Africa. The paper recommended that enough fund should be earmarked for education sector at the local, state and federal levels in order to meet up with the present challenges in the global world.
Keywords: Conventional, Development, Generate, Policy, Sustainable, Values.
A BLUEPRINT FOR TEACHING BUSINESS EDUCATION IN ENHANCING EDUCATIONAL STANDARD FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN SOUTH WEST COLLEGES OF EDUCATION
LASISI FATAI BOLANLE
School of Vocational and Technical Programmes, Department of Business Education, Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, P.M.B. 1010, Oyo.
The study was carried out by the researcher in the South West Colleges of Education of Nigeria to determine how business education could be an effective blueprint for achieving sustainable development. A survey research design was used for the study. The population comprised 180 business education lecturers in 12 federal and state Colleges of Education in South West states of Nigeria. A self structured questionnaire developed by the researchers and carefully validated by the experts in the Department of Business and Entrepreneurship Education, Kwara State University Malete Kwara State was used for data collection. Mean and standard deviation were used to answer the three research questions that guided the study while t-test was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The result of the study showed that business education programme is an effective tool for achieving sustainable development because it provides the needed manpower required in both private and public establishments. The study equally revealed that one of the blueprint for achieving sustainable development in the colleges of education through business education programme is to ensure that the school curriculum is relevant to the skills required in the establishment. Moreover, there was no significant difference between the mean responses of male and female business educators on the relevance of business education in achieving sustainable development and the blueprint for achieving sustainable development in the south west colleges of education. Based on the findings of the study, the researcher recommended, among others, that the curriculum planners should ensure that the curriculum content is relevant to the skills required by establishment because of the relevance of the programme in providing the needed manpower development.
Keyword: Business Education, Blueprint, Sustainable development, Teaching, Educational standard
ENTREPRENEURIAL STUDIES IN NIGERIAN TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS AND STUDENTS’ PERCEPTIONS
1UYOBONG SUNDAY ETUK; 2JIMA BASSEY OFFIONG; & 3EDIDIONG ELIJAH USIP
1Dept. Of Estate Management, Akwa Ibom State Polytechnic, Ikot Osurua 2Dept. Of Quantity Surveying, Akwa Ibom State Polytechnic, Ikot Osurua 3Dept. Of Urban and Regional Planning, Akwa Ibom State Polytechnic, Ikot Osurua
This study was undertaken to evaluate students’ views about the entrepreneurship education offered in tertiary institutions across the country. The need for this assessment arose from the fact that previous studies focused on the envisaged derivable benefits of the programme without appraising students’ impressions and the challenges associated with entrepreneurship education. The study adopted a survey design using Akwa Ibom State Polytechnic, Ikot Osurua as a case study. The HND 2 students of the 2018/2019 session doing EEd constituted the population of the study. A sample size of 290 from a population of 1,160 students using Taro Yemane formula was adopted for the study. Structured questionnaire served as the research instrument which was distributed to respondents across the 6 departments offering the course: Accountancy, Computer Science, Science Laboratory Technology, Mass Communication, Business Management and Statistics through stratified random sampling technique. Out of the no. of copies distributed, 253 representing 87.2% were correctly filled and returned. The data obtained were presented and analyzed using percentages and Relative Importance Index. Findings revealed that the students were taught cake production, hairdressing, how to make; paint, liquid soap and beads. It also revealed that resource persons were brought in from outside the school to take them in practicals. 70% of the students said that they were not satisfied with the programme while 68% said that they did not see themselves doing what they had learnt through the scheme in the future. The implication arising from these findings is that the scheme has failed to achieve the goal for which it was set up. The students said that they preferred that the governments at various levels provided the necessary amenities especially constant power supply and capital in form of soft loans with low interest rates to asking them to learn what they knew would never be of interest to them. Majority of them said they would rather venture in Agriculture than that they were being offered by the scheme.
Keywords: Entrepreneurial Studies, Perceptions, Tertiary Institutions.
THE ROLE OF HOME ECONOMICS EDUCATION IN PROMOTING ENTREPRENEURSHIP AMONG YOUTHS FOR ACTUALIZING SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS OF VISION 2030: A STUDY OF SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN KATAGUM LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, BAUCHI STATE
FAITH C. OKONMAH
Home Economics Department, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare, Bauchi-State.
This study investigated the role Home Economics Education plays in promoting entrepreneurship among Nigerian youths for actualizing Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in Katagum Local Government Area, Bauchi State. SDGs provide framework for shared action that focused on people, planet and prosperity that focused on seventeen goals expected to be implemented and achieved across the globe for its realization in the year 2030. The study adopted descriptive survey research design and employed purposive random sampling technique to select the Secondary Schools and respondents in Katagum LGA, Bauchi State. The targeted population was Senior Secondary School students and the sample of 250 respondents was used. The data of the study was derived from questionnaire containing twenty-one items. The descriptive statistical analysis using the simple percentage was employed to answer the research questions. The findings of the study revealed available entrepreneurship opportunities Home Economics Education offers and challenges of setting up small scale entrepreneurship business centres in Katagum LGA, Bauchi State that hinder actualization of SDGs. The findings showed fundamental strategies for setting up entrepreneurship businesses for youths to actualize SDGs. The study concluded that entrepreneurship is the vibrant tool to actualizing SDGs by Nigerian youths. The study recommended that entrepreneurship Education should be made compulsory to all Secondary School students; government and non-governmental organizations should equip home economics laboratories, provision of loan scheme to youths, among others to actualize SDGs in Nigeria.
Keywords: Entrepreneurship, Home Economics Education, Sustainable Development Goals, Teachers, Youths
IMPLICATIONS OF PATRIARCHAL CULTURE AND GENDER DISCRIMINATION AGAINST NIGERIAN WOMAN
DIBIE, GODFREY ATUNU PhD.
Department of Languages, Nasarawa State Polytechnic, Lafia, Nigeria.
Patriarchal culture and gender discrimination continuously cause the Nigerian woman severe plights, which if all and sundry, especially concerned authorities and the agents of sociaisation, do the needful, can be eliminated. Virtually all Nigerian cultures are patriarchal and exhibit different forms of discrimination against women. In view of the foregoing, this study is aimed at examining and describing the implications of patriarchal culture and gender discrimination against the Nigerian woman. Data, drawn from both primary and secondary sources, reveal that the Nigerian woman suffers gender oppression, familial and marital ills, relegation, battering, alienation, negligence, denial of rights to education and inheritance, dehumanising practices like widowhood and circumcision, exclusion from traditional politics, poor/misrepresentation in secular politics and other meaningful or lucrative ventures, poverty feminisation, social role dichotomy, and workplace gender politics, among others. The anomalies have development, social, political, economic, cultural, educational, religious, industrial, agricultural and personality implications. The study submits that patriarchal culture rouses gender stereotype and discrimination against women across cultures. It calls for a new world order, cultural reformation, attitudinal change and gender sensitisation, and enjoins government and all agents of socialisation to take up this important task of doing away with patriarchal culture and gender discrimination.
Keywords: Implications, Patriarchal culture, Gender discrimination, Nigerian woman.
MANAGEMENT OF TRADE/ENTREPRENUERSHIP EDUCATION THROUGH INDUSTRIAL COLLABORATIONS FOR EFFECTIVE INSTRUCTIONAL DELIVERY IN SECONDARY EDUCATION AND NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA
TONWE, U.A.C. (Ph.D)
Post Primary Education Board (PPEB), Delta State.
This chapter discussed the management of trade and entrepreneurship education through industrial collaborations for effective instructional delivery in secondary education and national development in Nigeria. Several concepts such management, trade and entrepreneurship education, industrial collaborations, instructional delivery, secondary education and national development were described in the chapter. The chapter also looked into the importance of trade and entrepreneurship education coupled with the role of trade and entrepreneurship in national development. Further discussed in the chapter were issues which concerned the management of trade and entrepreneurship education through effective industrial collaborations for effective instructional delivery in secondary education and national development in Nigeria. This chapter also examined the challenges affecting the management of trade and entrepreneurship education through effective industrial collaborations for effective instructional delivery in secondary education and national development in Nigeria. Way forward towards improving effective school and industrial collaborations for the of management trade and entrepreneurship education for effective instructional delivery and national development in Nigeria were also discussed in the chapter before it was finally concluded and references provided as well.
Keywords: Management, Trade, Entrepreneurship, Education, Industrial, Collaborations, Instructional, Delivery, Secondary education, National, Development
INVESTIGATION OF WOOD BIO FUEL POTENTIAL AS FEED STOCK FOR HYDROGEN FUEL
1POPOOLA, A. S., 2ADEDIRE, O., 3POPOOLA, C. R., 4OLADEJO, A. O., 5OLORI-OKE, E., 6FRANCIS, M. J., AND 7 C. K. YAKUBU.
1&6Department of Forestry Technology, Federal College of Forestry, P.M.B 2019, Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria. 2Statistics department, Federal College of Forestry, P.M.B 2019, Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria. 3Energy Commission of Nigeria, Plot 701C, Central District Area, Abuja, FCT, Nigeria. 4&5Pest Management Technology department, Federal College of Forestry, P.M.B 2019, Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria. 7Horticulture and Landscape department, Federal College of Forestry, P.M.B 2019, Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria..
Sawdust from sawmill was paralyzed under a temperature of 450oC and with a particle size of 1mm to produce bio-fuel. The bio-fuel as analyzed to get some elemental components. Proximate analysis of sawdust was also done. Hydrogen-carbon ration and oxygen-carbon ration were also determined. From the result obtained, moisture content and carbon content were 28.16% and 48.44% respectively which showed that sawdust has large potential benefits in terms of reduced emissions of CO2, greenhouse gases and energy supply. The hydrogen to carbon and oxygen of carbon ration of 30 and 0.049 indicates low emissions associated with hydrogen production and can also be suitable for thermos-chemical steam reforming process. Wood bio-fuel analysis revealed its suitability for hydrogen production through steam reforming process.
Keywords: Wood, Bio fuel, Hydrogen, Sawdust, Energy
ROLE OF ENTERTAINMENT EDUCATION IN RURAL COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT IN LAGELU LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF OYO STATE
OLOWOLEKOMO ALABA KOLAPO
Science Laboratory Technology Department, Abraham Adesanya Polytechnic Ijebu Igbo.
The study investigated the various traditional entertainments in rural communities and their impact. Random sampling was used to select a ward each from rural and urban communities in the study area. Ten percent of the villages in each ward were then randomly selected Questionnaire was used to collect primary data from 125 respondents in which 114 (91.2%) were responded. Data were analyzed using frequency count percentages chi square and t-test.The study revealed that traditional social institution like hide and seeks, tales by moonlight, competitive wrestling, dance, craft, art, greeting and mode of dressing still exist. Segmental change was the major change experience through religious institutions, urbanization, application of science and technology. They had positive economic, political, behavioral cultural and technological impact and insignificant difference exist in the extent of change in traditional social institution in the study area. It was recommended that Government should boost extension services to make extension agents effective in impacting effective change in rural communities. Also, missionaries should put in more effort to enlighten the rural populace through building of school, provision of health services and seminars.
Keywords: Entertainment, Education, Rural, Community, Development.
PROBLEMS OF HOSTEL ACCOMMODATION ON CAMPUS, A SURVEY OF COLLEGE OF EDUCATION HONG, ADAMAWA STATE
GIDEON JAFIYA; JAMES JESSE SHINGU; & STEPHEN JOSEPH
Department of Urban and Regional Planning, School of Environmental Science and Technology, Federal Polytechnic Mubi
The survey revealed that most of students lived on campus and that the problem is severe to the extent that two to five students share one bed space. The major causes of the problem according to the findings is the over enrolment of students into the college as the college now upgrade some department into degree awarding institution, others are lack of maintainers and students vandalization. The problem of the accommodation according to the findings if not address lead to poor academic performance, overcrowding, stealing, raping and sexual assault among others. The research also discovered other problems, which include over stretching of facilities like toilet and water. The survey gave recommendations which the researcher believe will help to reduce the problems of accommodation in the college
Keywords: Accommodation, Hostel, problem, Survey, campus
PLANNING AND BUDGETARY TECHNIQUES FOR EFFECTIVE SCHOOLS MANAGEMENT
College of Administrative Studies and social Sciences, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna.
Education is generally accepted as the backbone for any societal development. Virtually every country’s of the world depend largely on the educational structure of a given system. Educational institutions cannot be effectively achieved without adequate funding for its day to day running of programmes/activities. To achieve success depend greatly on effective planning and budgeting for actualization of goals. A good education programme is basically anchored on a well formulated curriculum. The study therefore, is focused on planning and budgeting techniques as an effective tools for school management. The paper examined major types of planning such as, operational planning, tactical and strategic planning. Characteristics of planning, steps involved in planning and the tools for effective school management. Concept of management was explicitly defined through the acronym POSDCORB. Under school management, authorities often engaged in various activities so as to provide better experiences to learners. The study also examined budgeting system from its formation to the execution stating the procedure for functionality such as budget preparation, presentation, approval, implementation and evaluation. The study is anchored on the scientific management theory of 20th century by Frederick Taylor. In conclusion, it is observed that planning plays important role in any management setting. Effective planning and budgeting serves as an instrument used to facilitate educational process which automatically leads to achieving a successful goal.
Keywords: Education, Planning, Budgeting, Management
TOWARD THE ROLES OF CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANIZATIONS IN VOTER EDUCATION IN NIGERIA
MODU LAWAN GANA
Department of Public Administration, Mai Idris Alooma Polytechnic, Geidam, Yobe State
Voter education is one of the cardinal principles of democratic politics and ensuring credible elections in any democratic society. The imperative of this cannot be underestimated in developing democracy like the Nigeria state. Since 1999, electoral processes in Nigeria were alleged to be full of irregularities ranges from violent electioneering campaigns, unwarranted voting behaviors of election rigging such as multiple voting, ballot snatching, vote-selling among others. These unruly behaviors are unarguably undermining the integrity of Nigeria’s electoral process. Although, numerous political-legal measures were put in place by the country’s electoral body the Independent National Electoral Commission’ through the introduction of the card reader machine, massive disposition of civil securities at voting points as well as series of amendments to the electoral acts by Nigeria’s’ National Assembly members. However, despite the concerted measures to checkmate the unruly behavior of the voters, the trend continuous unabatedly. This article thus proposed that addressing Nigeria’s electoral knots especially in respect to the voters’ behavior requires the participation of civil society groups for informal voter education. It argued that ignorance of the electoral laws and nonsensical attitude toward the electoral outcomes by the vast majority promote the continuous engagement in these deviant behaviors. The article thus recommends that to overcome the perennial challenges of the electoral process, the Nigerian government should engage civil society and community-based organizations to educate voters on the dangers of electoral fraud in the country.
Keywords: Civil Society; Voter Education; Electoral Process; INEC
EFFECT OF MORINGA OLIEFERA, PHEONIX DACTYLIFERA, ZINGIBER OFFICINALE LEAF TEA ON SALMONELLA TYPHI, ESCHERICHIA COLI AND STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS.
*UDOSEN, I. E.; **SAMUEL, E.*JOSHUA, M. A. AND *AHMED, A.
*Department of Science Laboratory Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi. **Department of Food Science and Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi.
The choice of medicinal plant by traditional medicinal practioners was not based on knowledge of the plant constitutes or phytochemicals but the search for safer and cheaper remedies.The tea bags were prepared by weighing 1g of Moringa oliefera,0.5g of Pheonix dactylifera, and 0.5g Zingiber officinale transferred into the teabag and sealed with a hot sealing machine. The effect of Moringa leaf tea bag extracts on Salmonella typhi, Escherichia coli which was gotten from stool and Staphylococcus aureus was gotten from urine sample and was investigated using paper disc diffusion method. Five different extracts were obtained from the tea bag. The result shows that the first extraction had the widest zone of inhibition on the three organisms of 9mm for Salmonella, 6mm for Escherichia coli and 5mm for Staphylococcus aureus respectively. Both the first and second extraction had effect on Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus with the zone of inhibition 6mm and 5mm. but for the Salmonella from the first to the third extraction showed zone of inhibition. The phytochemical analysis of the tea bag extract showed that it contains Alkaloid, tannins, saponins, phenols, and cardiac glycoside and the flavonoid was absent. Thus extract of the plants can be used in treating infections caused by these test organism.
Keywords: Moringa, Oliefera, Pheonix, Dactylifera, Zingiber.
PUBLIC POLICY IMPLEMENTATION AND NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT: CHALLENGS AND PROSPECTS
*JAMIYAL NATHAN DAUDA; *ISHAQ HASSAN ABUBAKAR; *AUWAL AHMED MAGAJI; **SULEIMAN HARUNA SAIDU; and **EMEKA CLIFFORD
*Department of General Studies, Gombe State Polytechnic, Bajoga. **College of Education Billiri, Gombe State.
This paper has examined how the environment of a nation can be developed by proper public policy implementation. The ability to sustain the natural world and the need for humankind’s stewardship of resources. To what extent does public policy implementation affect national development is a key question. Government is responsible for protecting the environment in the face of rapid industrial growth, but ineffectiveness in policy implementation compounded by a multitude of actors and interests, and often inadequate resourcing, threaten the possibility of development. The research adopted the Elites theory. The source of data was primarily, secondary. It was observed that challenges such as corruption, faulty programme theory, unclear goals and objectives, lack of coordinated planning, lack of standardization, complexity joint actions etc, limits public policy implementation. The research concluded that good leadership and continuous and close monitoring of projects and programs among others facilitate public policy implementation. It thus recommended that there should be good theoretical back up on policies, policy legitimization, set goals and objectives, proper resource allocation, organization design among others for effective policy implementation and National development.
Keywords: Public Policy, Implementation, National Development, Challenges, Prospects.
REPOSITIONING ENGLISH LANGUAGE AS A TOOL FOR AWAKENING SUB-SAHARA AFRICAN IN 21ST CENTURY TO ACHIEVE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES
AMINA BELLO KATAGUM
GSE Department of School of Education, Aminu Saleh College of Education Azare, Bauchi State.
This study investigated English language as an indispensible tool to achieving sustainable development in Sub-Sahara African in 21st century. Sustainable development is that kind of development that meets the needs of the present and future generations that focus on economy sustainability, social sustainability and environmental sustainability. The study aims at repositioning English language as an indispensible tool for awakening Sub-Sahara Africa to achieve sustainable development. The study employs qualitative approach using historical, expository and analytical methods to carry out the discourse. The study highlighted some of the fundamental challenges confronting sustainable development in Sub-Sahara African. The findings of the study revealed that English language as a tool of awakening can foster sustainable development through providing a common working language; reduce inequalities, serves as a contact language for effective interactions and collaborative partnerships for the goal as well as maintaining and building strong institutions in education, religion, culture, media and among others. This will reposition English language to achieve sustainable development in the contemporary society in Sub-Sahara African in meeting up with economic, social and ecological aspects that are the driving force of sustainable development. The study recommends that all African States should adopt English as an official language or second language to achieve speedy sustainable development in the Sub-Sahara African.
Keywords: Cultural diversity, Development, English Language, Sub-Sahara Africa, Sustainable development.
THE ROLE OF LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES IN COMBATING PIRACY; AND COUNTERFEITING; AND OTHER INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY INFRINGEMENTS
*UMAR IBRAHIM WUNTI ESQ; **PEACE JOHN SHEKARA ESQ; & *BAPPAH, USMAN DARAZO ESQ
*Department of General Studies Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi **Department of Estate Management, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi.
This paper aims at examining on certain extent of some agencies and their roles in combating piracy and counterfeiting, and other intellectual property rights infringements. The list is not exhaustive for space and purpose constrained. However, the researcher will adopt a descriptive method to actualize the objective of this paper. The paper would be concluded with ameliorate recommendations on the the role of law enforcement agencies in combating piracy; and counterfeiting; and other intellectual property infringements and suggest more research work needs to be carried out on the topic for further development of knowledge.
Keywords: Enforcement, Agencies, Combating, Piracy, and Counterfeiting.
INFORMATION COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES (ICTS) AND E-GOVERNANCE IN NIGERIA: TOWARDS ACHIEVING A STABLE ECONOMIC TRANSFORMATION
1WADZANI A. GADZAMA, 2BITRUS JOSEPH, 3OGAH U.S
1ICT Unit, Federal Polytechnic Mubi, P.M.B. 35 Mubi, Adamawa State, Nigeria 2Department of Computer Science, Federal University Wukari, P.M.B.1020 Wukari, Taraba State, Nigeria 3Department of Computer Science, Federal Polytechnic Mubi, P.M.B. 35 Mubi, Adamawa State, Nigeria.
There is no refutation to the fact that Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) has enabled government officials to offer better services which can be utilized to achieve economic development in different countries of the world. The discussions in the paper are centered on ICT and E-governance and their resultant effects on Nigeria’s economic transformation. It can be argued that the huge success achieved in the country’s information and communication technology sector over the years and the need for effective governance led to the emergence of E-governance in Nigeria. At this point, it is imperative to note that e-governance involves the application of electronic technologies and ICTs to reinforce public services, government administrative procedures, democratic activities, associations among citizens and the general civil society, private sector, and the state. This paper reviews the major deficiencies that have contributed to Nigeria’s low ranking in e-Government delivery to its citizens despite the increase use of ICT in the country and suggests how this situation can be improved.
Keywords: Economic Development, E-governance, ICT, Nigeria
EFFECT OF E-PAYMENT SYSTEM ON THE GROWTH OF NIGERIAN ECONOMY
NDIFE, CHINELO FRANCA (Ph.D)
Department of Business Administration Federal Polytechnic Oko, Anambra State, Nigeria
This study is on the role of e-payment system on the growth of the financial sector of the Nigerian economy. The study adopts a descriptive research design which employed secondary data from the Central Bank of Nigeria. The data is on volume and channels of e-payment systems in Nigeria and the GDP of financial sector which was used as proxy for the growth of the financial sector. The two factor Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and correlation measures were used in testing the various hypotheses of interest at 5% level of significance. The factors were the payment channels and the year. This is aimed at calculating changes that might have occurred in the volume of e-payment systems across the channels and over the years in relation to economic growth in Nigeria. The results of the analysis in this study have been presented. The study found that ATM channel transactions contribute the highest volume of e-payment transactions towards the growth of the financial sector. This affirms existing fact that almost every Nigerian makes use of ATM for various forms of transaction. The charges accruing from such volume of transactions contribute significantly to revenues of the financial sector and in the long run to the growth of the financial sector. The result also shows that there is significant change in volume of e-payment across the channels and over the years. This is as a result of the various cashless policies of the Central bank of Nigeria and Nigerian government and automation of various payments especially in the government sector like JAMB, CAC, FIRS, Immigration, Tertiary institutions levies, fines and other payments, and so on. Based on the findings, this study therefore concludes that the e-payment systems have significant effect on the growth of the financial sector of the Nigerian economy. The study therefore recommend that Nigerian should imbibe the culture of cashless policy which encourages e-payment over the various channels so as to further boost the growth if the financial sector and Nigerian economy in general. This study also recommends further and stringent fight against cyber crime and internet scam which discourages people from such online and e-payment transactions.
Keywords: E-Payment, System, Growth, Nigerian, Economy
THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL IMPLICATIONS OF CORONVIRUS PANDEMIC OUTBREAK ON THE GLOBAL ECONOMY
JIBRIN UBALE YAHAYA,
Political Science (International Relations), National Open University of Nigeria (NOUN).
The 2019–2020 Corona virus pandemic outbreaks has created a far-reaching consequences that affected the lives of the global communities while efforts to quarantine the spread of disease was not successful in different parts of the world especially the so called advanced countries despite their health facilities and manpower expertise in health sector. The outbreak of the Covid-19 pandemic has spread around the globe; concerns have shifted from supply-side and manufacturing issues to decreased business in the services sector. Supply shortages have affected a number of sectors due to panic buying, increased usage of goods to fight the pandemic, and disruption of factories and logistics in mainland China and other industrialize countries. There have been widespread reports of supply shortages of pharmaceuticals and other domestic utilities with many areas seeing as panic buying and consequent shortages of food and other essential grocery items. The technology industry, in particular has been affected with long time of delay in the shipments of goods and workers are restricted to stay at home living the industry with little production capacity. This paper was of views that the pandemic outbreak of Corona Virus has raised level of poverty and social insecurity in the underdeveloped countries because of lack of strong political will by leaders in Africa to address the menace of the coronavirus in terms of qualitative health care services and real interventions service that can reduce the effects of coronavirus pandemic outbreak rather most of their policy outcome they choice to impose some strict policy that deprived the social relations exists between the citizens without providing an appropriate intervention measures that could help to address the hardship brought by the Virus, many African countries instruction of complete lock down, without proper provision of intervention package has turns lives in different countries in Africa become hard and very difficult . The researcher was of the view that global leaders must developed an economic and social strategy policy package that may help to address socio-economic problems during emergency situations to meet the needs and demands of peoples at grass root without posing serious implication on both socio-economic and Political affairs of their respective citizens in their countries..
Keywords: Pandemic outbreak, Undeveloped Countries, Socio-economic policies.
EXAMINATION OF SUSTAINABLE REAL ESTATE MARKETING AND PRACTICES IN SOUTH SOUTH, NIGERIA.
1UDUAK OKON JEREMIAH; 1VICTOR ALPHONSUS UDOSEN; & 3UDO OGECHI SYLVIA
1Department of Estate Management, School of Environmental Studies, Akwa Ibom State Polytechnic Ikot Osurua 2Department of Agri-Business and Management, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Abia State.
Real Estate Marketing is a component of the Estate Surveying and Valuation profession in Nigeria. Past studies on real estate marketing have identified challenges affecting estate marketing and the resulting effect on these challenges has an impact on the reputation of the Estate Survey and Valuation profession in Nigeria. This includes the need to look into Nigeria’s estate marketing activity. This study examined the practice of estate marketing among surveyors and valuers in south-south Nigeria. The sample size for the research is the practice of registered Estate Surveyors and Valuers in the area of study. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics and an ordinal scale of 5 points. Research results showed that the use of brochure / bulletin in the study area is the most popular form of estate marketing. The research also showed that the use of the press is the most cost-effective way of selling real estate in the field of study. The study identified the numerous problems associated with estate marketing. Collecting double professional fees is, however, the most prevalent problem in the study field of estate marketing. Finally, the most prevalent mitigating measures adopted in the study area by Estate Surveyors and Valuers are aggressive marketing which leads to unethical practices. Recommendations were made on how to review the ethical regulations that direct the Estate Surveing and Valuation practice, which will boost marketing in the study area as a result.
Keywords: Sustainable, Real Estate, Marketing, Real Estate Marketing, South South.
STATISTICAL ANALYSIS ON SOME SELECTED SEXUAL TRANSMITTED DISEASES AS RECORDED AT INFECTIOUS DISEASE HOSPITAL BAYARA, BAUCHI STATE
AMINU HARUNA1, USMAN HASSAN2, SALISU LUKUNTI3, MUHAMMAD SA’AD4, A.D SALISU5
1,2,3,4Department of Maths & Statistics, Federal polytechnic Bauchi (FPTB) 5Civil Engineering Department, Federal polytechnic Bauchi (FPTB).
This study was on statistical analysis of some selected sexual transmitted diseases (STDs) a case study of Infectious Disease Hospital Bayara. The study aimed at investigating whether the prevalence of STDs is gender and year related. Some related research was reviewed and data was collected from the study area for the period of 10 years (2009 – 2018) using a designed template. SPSS version 20.0 was used for analysing the data at 0.01 and 0.05 using factorial design (ANOVA). Results shown that the STDs are gender and year*gender related. Further suggestions were recommended in respected to age and expansion of the STD.
Keywords: Analysis, Selected, Sexual Transmitted Diseases, Recorded, Infectious Disease Hospital Bayara.
ASSESSMENT OF THE DELIGHT FACTORS THAT DETERMINE CUSTOMERS’BANKING HABIT: A STUDY OF FIRST BANK NIGERIA PLC, BIDA BRANCH, NIGER STATE
BELLO, BABATUNDE SIKIRU1; MAKINDE, KEHINDE A2.; OZIMEDE, ELIZABETH IRAGBESON3; NWOKENKWO, BEN OLUBUNMI4; ABDULLAHI, IBRAHIM5
1,4&5Department of Marketing, Federal Polytechnic, Bida 2Department of Banking & Finance, Federal Polytechnic, Bida 3Department of Business Administration & Management, Federal Polytechnic, Bida.
This work assesses the delight factors that determine customers’ banking habits using First Bank Nigeria Plc, Bida as a study. The study is predicated on an assessment of the literature presented in different studies which revealed that studies conducted on delight factors determining customer’s banking habit examined a variety of attributes as determinants of the banking habit process and discovered a variance in the nature and importance of these attributes. The work aims to identify the major delight factor(s) that determine customers’ banking habit as well determine the criteria that customers consider as important when selecting a bank and how those criteria are prioritized according to their importance. The study, which adopts descriptive research design, employed both primary and secondary data. Primary data were sourced with structured questionnaires administered to the sampled population of both the staff of First Bank, Bida and their customers using random sampling technique. The secondary data used emanated from journals, textbooks and other relevant publications, the data was analyzed using descriptive statistics and presented in a simple pie chart. Related literatures were reviewed and authors were duly cited. From the findings, it was discovered that there is significant relationship between delight factors and customers’ banking habit. The study concludes that one of the basic factors that influence customers’ favourable banking habit lies in banks having good and attractive products and services that can appeal to customers’ attention and meet their financial requirements. It was also concluded that in forming a banking habit, customers consider the proximity of bank to their homes and/or workplaces. Thus, the study recommends among others that Banks should develop robust and customer-friendly products and services such as low interest rate on loan, reasonable payback period, attractive interest for savings account and others that can attract customers to patronize them. Banks should also concentrate more on increasing the efficiency of completing banking transactions.
Keywords: Assessment; Delight Factors; Determine; Customers; Banking Habit