SSAA Journal of African Sustainable Development (SJASD) Vol 14 (2)


SUB-SAHARA AFRICA JOURNAL OF AFRICAN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT (SJASD)

Vol 14 (2) September, 2019 ISSN 2115-4255

 

Published by:

Sub-Sahara African Academic Research Publications,

Centre for African Development Studies, University of Ibadan,

P. O. Box 10108, U. I. Post Office. Ibadan Oyo State,

Nigeria, West-Africa.

Email: ssaapublications@gmail.com


  PAPERS:  


 

SELFCONCEPT AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF INSCHOOL ADOLESCENTS IN OHAFIA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ABIA STATE, NIGERIA

 

*JOMBO-MBA AMARACHI **HASSAN SALEH (PH.D) AND ***DANIEL BENJAMIN SAANYOL

*Department of Education Foundation, Faculty of Education, University of Nigeria Nsukka **Department of Psychology, School of Education, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare Bauchi State ***Department of Community Health, IHSAN College of Health Science and Technology Azare, Bauchi State

 

Abstract

This study assessed the relationship between self-concept and academic achievement of in-school adolescents in Ohafia Local Government Area of Abia State, Nigeria. The study adopted a cross sectional survey research design. The study participants comprised of 400 respondents; 172 (43%) were male while 228 (57%) were female. 177 (44.3%) were from private secondary schools and 223 (55.7%) were from public secondary schools. Primary data was obtained using questionnaire titled: “Self-Concept and Academic Achievement Questionnaire (SCAAQ). The reliability of the instrument was ascertained through the Cronbach alpha coefficient with all the items scoring 0.64. Five hypotheses were generated with the first tested with Pearson r, while the remaining hypotheses (2-5) were tested with t-test statistics. The findings of this study revealed, among others, that there is a significant relationship between self-concept and academic achievement of the in-school adolescents. Based on the findings of the study, it was recommended, among others, that measures such as “rating scales, checklists, q-sorts and free-response method” should be put in place to check the poor self-concept and academic achievement of students in both private and public secondary schools so that it does not spell doom for the schools and lead to fewer intellectual students and low turnout of qualified manpower into the labour market.

Keywords: self-concept, academic achievement, Public schools, Private schools and in-school adolescents

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ENTREPRENEURIAL SKILLS ACQUISITION IN LEATHER BACKPACK MAKING ON YOUTH EMPLOYABILITY IN ABEOKUTA, NIGERIA

 

*AKINYELE, SAMUEL TAIWO **AKINYELE, ESTHER FEYISAYO & **GBOLAHAN, DANIEL  DAMILARE

*Dept. of Entrepreneurial Studies, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria **Dept. of Business Administration, School of Postgraduate Studies, Crawford University Igbesa, Ogun State, Nigeria

 

ABSTRACT

This research seeks to examine effect of entrepreneurial skills on leather backpack making on yoth employability in Abeokuta. The specific objectives were to examine the relationship between training and development and employment generation, the relationship between entrepreneurship education and employment generation and effect of creativity and innovation on employment generation.. The instrument for data collection was a structured questionnaire. The questionnaire was six point likert scale and was checked for reliability using a pilot survey method. The test of hypothesis revealed that training and development has significant effect on employment generation in Nigeria (t-cal=2.56, p<.005). The second hypothesis revealed that there is no significant  effect of entrepreneurship education on employment generation in Nigeria (t-cal=1.12, P>.005). The third hypothesis reveled that creativity and innovation has significant effect on employment generation in Nigeria(t-cal=12.0, r=0.068 p<.005) respectively. The result of findings showed that entrepreneurship education coupled with a robust skill acquisition program will go a long way in creating employment, give young people the avenue to acquire enterprising skills, empowering the young to be job creators rather than job seekers. As such, it recommended that youths must actively involve in skill acquisition programs and learn how to use their acquired entrepreneurship skill, abilities and competencies in identifying and creating economic opportunities. In conclusion, the benefits of entrepreneurship education have direct bearing with the acquisition of skills that could be used in the resolution of the country’s unemployment and poverty related issue.

Keywords: Creativity, Entrepreneurship, Entrepreneurial skills , Leather backpack, Innovation, Youth employability

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IMPACT OF SOCIO ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS ON HOUSEHOLDS SOLID WASTE STORAGE AND PRIMARY COLLECTION PRACTICE

 

GUMAU, BINTA GARBA; SHUAIBU, AMINU BELEL; YAKUBU, YAHAYA BABANYARA

Urban and Regional Planning Department, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Bauchi.

 

ABSTRACT

Solid waste storage and primary collection should be expected to vary with different socio-economic characteristics due to many environmental and social factors. This paper reports the assessment of solid waste storage and primary collection practice based on four socioeconomic characteristics of respondents; education, occupation, income of the household head and household size. A questionnaire survey was conducted in the study area to 200 households by systematic random sampling technique to identify the four socioeconomic characteristics that may affect solid waste storage and primary collection practice at household level. Multiple linear regressions analysis was used via SPSS 25.0 to determine the impact of socio economic characteristics on solid waste storage and primary collection practice. Through this analysis the impact of a multiple independent variables (household size, educational level, occupation and income) on the dependent variable (solid waste storage and primary collection practice) was explored as well as the impact of each independent variable on the dependent variable. The study found that there is high positive correlation (R = 96.8%, R2 = 93.6% and AR = 93.5%) between solid waste storage and primary collection from households which is the dependent variable and the four socio economic characteristics which are the independent variable. Educational level has a negative coefficient (-0.167) even though there is significant relationship between educational level and solid waste storage and primary collection (p<0.05) while the income of the respondent has the highest impact (0.625). There is generally a significant relationship between the dependent and independent variables (p = 0.01 – 0.00). Recommendations for considerations of income and household size in management of solid waste storage and primary collection system were given.

Keywords: Socio economic characteristics, solid waste storage, solid waste primary collection.

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ADVOCACY COMMUNICATION AND THE PROMOTION OF INDIGENOUS DEVELOPMENT INNOVATIONS IN RURAL BAYELSA, NIGERIA

 

ANDERSON NIKADE, CHRISTIE U. OMEGO& CHRISTOPHER OCHONOGOR

Department of Linguistics and Communication Studies, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Nigeria

 

Abstract

The promotion of indigenous development innovations is one of the conditions that facilitate socio-economic and political development of rural communities across the world. The effective communication of such community-based innovations makes the mass media a critical partner in the development process. This study investigated the promotion of indigenous development innovations in rural Bayelsa by journalists in the State. The objectives of the study were to: identify some indigenous development innovations that require effective coverage and reportage by journalists in Bayelsa State; evaluate the extent journalists in Bayelsa State cover and report rural development innovations in the State; and to investigate the challenges of reporting rural development innovations in rural areas of Bayelsa State. The study was anchored on the Development Media theory. The study used the descriptive survey research design to undertake a census of the 320 registered journalists in Bayelsa State. Findings of the study showed that rural development innovations were significantly under-reported by journalists in Bayelsa State. The study also found out that one of the factors that hinder effective coverage of community development innovations by journalists in Bayelsa State was ownership interests. Based on these findings, the study recommended, among other things, that the ownership of media stations in Bayelsa State should put public interest above personal or parochial concerns and that Civil Society organisations and media rights groups in Bayelsa State should make concerted effort towards clamoring for extensive rural community reporting.

Key Terms: AdvocacyCommunication, Development Innovations, Development News Reporting, Journalists in Bayelsa State, Rural Community Reporting

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CHEMICAL COMPOSITION, PREFERENCE STUDIES AND SHORT TIME INTAKE OF VARYING MIXTURES OF GMELINA ARBOREA AND FICUS POLITA LEAVES FED TO GROWING BUNAJI BULLS.

 

1OYEWO, T. O., 2LAMIDI, O.S., 1ABDU, S.B., 1IBRAHIM, T.A., 1ZAKKA, T., 1IDOWU, W. AND 1KPERUN, N.T.

1Department of Animal Science, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. 2National Animal Production Research Institute, Shika- Zaria.

 

ABSTRACT

In the North western part of Nigeria, there are two distinct seasons viz rainy and dry. Forage availability is seasonal. Rainy period is known with forage abundance while scarcity is experienced during the dry season. Therefore, in order to broaden the feed base for ruminants in Nigeria, Preference study was carried out on graded Gmelina arborea and Ficus polita foliage combination. Relative Preference Intake(RPI) and Short Time Intake(STI) trial was conducted for six (6) days with five (5 days) adjustment period using six (6) growing Bunaji bulls in a cafeteria feeding system. The bulls were fed 2 kg of Gmelina and Ficus leave combination for three (3) hours daily in a cafeteria system. Results shows that lowest crude protein of 13.81% was observed in Combination 4 of 20:80 Gmelina arborea and Ficus polita foliage while the highest CP of 18.63% in Combination 1 of 80:20 Gmelina arborea and Ficus polita foliage and Combination 2 of 40:60 Gmelina arborea and Ficus polita foliage. The content of ADF and NDF ranged from 10.60 to 23.82% and 18.90 to 31.77%. Combination 1 had the highest value of RPI and STI of 0.93 and 1.87(Kg DM/3hrs while Combination 4 had the lowest values of 0.49 and 0.98(Kg DM/3hrs). It was concluded that growing Bunaji bulls preferred 80:20 Gmelina arborea and Ficus polita foliage combination; thus maybe vital composition for supplemental feeding of growing Bunaji bulls.

Keywords: Relative Preference Intake, Short Time Intake, Cafeteria feeding, Bunaji bulls, Gmelina arborea and Ficus polita.

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REBUILDING, RECLAIM AND RE-ENERGIZING THIRD WORLD NATION FOR DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITIES IN 21TS CENTURY

 

SULEIMAN, SULEIMAN CHADO

Department of Counselling Psychology, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Lapai, Nigeria

 

Abstract

This paper explained the concept of re-energizing, creativity, innovation, capacity building and quality assurance in relation to Nigerian tertiary institutions. It discussed to use internal and external mechanisms to attain and maintain quality assurance in these institutions. The Paper also highlighted the Psychology of creativity and innovation to showcase manpower development in order to meet up with the academic standard of quality assurance and to positively impact on national economic life. Furthermore, the paper made a clarion call to draw the attention of Nigerians in diaspora who constitute the brain drain to return to make their complimentary intellectual contributions in order to exceed the bench mark of ranking and to compete favorably with Webometric ranking of world Universities. Conclusion and recommendations were presented such as , adequate funding , sufficient infrastructural facilities, adequate provision of incentives to lecturers, need for government support to entrepreneurship, enhancement of export promoting and collaborate with development banks, international organizations, industries, and investors in order to actualize national socio-economic growth and development at a geometrical progression.

Keywords: Re- energizing, Innovation, Creativity, Quality Assurance, Bran Drain, Psychological Implication.

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REVIEW OF REMEDIATION MANAGEMENT IN THE NIGER DELTA IN NIGERIA: PROSPECTS AND CHALLENGES

 

FLORENCE O. UMOH, ETUKUDOH, NDARAKE EMMANUEL AND GBARABE ROLAND

1Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Akwa Ibom State University, Nigeria 2Elechi Amadi Polytechnic, Romula, Rivers state. Nigeria.

 

Abstract

This review the crude oil spill remediation Management in the Niger Delta, Nigeria: Prospects and challenges. In the Niger Delta, there is pervasive poverty and despicable environmental damage as a result of crude oil mining activities going on in this region. This review identifies the constraints to effective implementation of Nigeria’s environmental laws and policies especially the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) as it concerns oil prospecting, which has hitherto contributed in hindering her environmental sustainability. From the review, it appears obvious that the issue of environmentally friendly sustainable development cannot be overlooked if the Niger Delta Region is to meet its development challenges.  In the near further, the region will have depleted most of its resources and will be hindered from performing its life-sustaining functions. This review will direct policy makers, community groups and development partners and every Niger Delta’s alive today on what to do about environment. I believe that if Niger Delta is to meet these environmental challenges, it must take action at all levels. It has to incorporate global, national and community actions. It must also involve civil society, public agencies and the private sector in development programs to help mitigate environmental problems.  However, often times Nigerian governments lack the capacity to implement these agreements or honor the commitments therein.

Keywords: Montreal Protocols, Environmental Impact, environmental challenges, Mitigation

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EVALUATING THE EFFECT OF RANDOM ECONOMIC INVESTMENTS ON THE GROSS PRODUCTIONS OF AGRICULTURE, STEEL, COAL AND IRON

 

PETER, ONYEDINMA CHINEDU, E. N  EKAKA-A  & N.M . NAFO

Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Faculty of Science, Port Harcourt University, Nkpolu-Oroworukwo, Port Harcourt

 

ABSTRACT

While the effect of varying a single element of a technological matrix on the gross productions of four demand elements may be considered as a popular linear algebra solution approach, the inclusion of varying an element of the technological matrix that is perturb by random economic investment on the gross productions of agriculture, steel, coal and Iron can be considered as a challenging numerical mathematics application in the theory of inter-dependence of some Nigerian industries.  To tackle this sophisticated sustainable problem, we have utilized a MATLAB algorithm that we have not seen elsewhere to tackle this problem.  The full novel results of this study are fully presented and discussed in this paper.

Keywords: Evaluating, Random, Economic, Investments, Productions.

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THE EFFECTS OF POPULATION ROWTH ON WATER SUPPLY IN OLD KARU SATELLITE TOWN FEDERAL CAPITAL TERRITORY,   ABUJA, NIGERIA

 

KAMA H.G, OLUKAEJIRE S.J, JAMES T., OLUMUJI S.Z. AND ISA P.S.

Department of Geography, Nasarawa State University, Keffi-Nigeria

 

ABSTRACT

This study examines the Impacts of Population Increase on Water Supply in Old Karu Satellite Town Federal Capital Territory, Abuja Nigeria. The major data sources was primary and secondary and were collected from old Karu water board. A stratified sampling technique were used to select 200 respondents in four different locations within old Karu area. The data were analyzed using Pearson Product Moment of correlation and chi-square technique. The finding revealed that (44.5%) of the respondents population were more than 36 years, less than (50%) of the respondents were single and (46%) were married. Majority (39%) of the respondents went beyond secondary school, with (70%) of the respondents population employed in different sectors and government establishment. The finding also shows that Igbo, Hausa and Yoruba constitute about (53.5%) of the respondents with Gbagyi (15%) who are the indigenous people, this indicates that over (90%) of the populations are Immigrants from different part of the Country. More than half population of the respondents depends on other sources of water supply, and (37%) rely on pipe borne water supply. Majority (75%) of respondents receive pipe borne water not more than twice in a week. The sample population and total quantity of water demand show there is positive correlation (r=0.929), which signified that water supplied by Karu water board is not enough to meet the water demand of the people in the study area. The study recommends that, there should be increase in the volume of water supply to the study area.

Keyword: Population, Water , Respondents, Quantity, Old Karu Town,

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EMPIRICAL DISCOVERY OF THE FACTORS AFFECTING THE MANAGEMENT OF WORKSHOP AND LABORATORY EQUIPMENT IN BAFARAWA TECHNICAL COLLEGE, SOKOTO.

 

BASHAR, SA’ADU ISA

Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education, Sokoto State University, Sokoto, Nigeria

 

Abstract

This study investigated the management of workshop and laboratory equipment in Olusegun Obasanjo Technical College, Bafarawa, Sokoto state. The main objectives of the study were to find out factors that affect the management and utilization of workshop and laboratory equipment in the college. Study population involves One Hundred and Ninety-One (191) subjects covering the teaching staff, nonteaching staff and school prefects. The sample size was 97 respondents derived using the Devos’s (1998) table for sample size determination. An instrument titled ‘Management of Workshop and Laboratory Equipment Questionnaire (MWLEQ) was developed and its validity and reliability were established at 0.9 and 0.91 respectively. The data was analyzed through the SPSS and the Mean and Standard Deviation were reported in the tables. It was found that the factors that affect the management of workshop and laboratory equipment in the study area include lack of conducive environment, lack of prompt supervision, lack of maintenance culture, and lack of annual report. The study also revealed that the factors that affect the utilization of the college workshop and laboratory equipment include inadequate science and technical education teachers, and inadequate workshop and laboratory technicians. It is therefore recommended that, the Sokoto State Ministry of Science and Technical Education should be deploying workshop and laboratory personnel to the college, post adequate and qualified science and technical education teachers, provide a standby power generator in the college and finally, prompt supervision and general maintenance of the college’s workshops/laboratories should be initiated and enhanced.

Keywords: Management, Workshop, Laboratory, Equipment.

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DEVELOPING A SOCIAL CASE WORK THEORY AND INTERVENTION SKILLS IN WORKING WITH VICTIMS OF BOKO HARAM TERRORIST ORGANIZATION AS STRATEGY FOR NATIONAL INTEGRATION AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN NORTH EASTERN NIGERIA

 

LWAHAS BENJAMIN

Department of Social Development School of Administration and Business Studies Plateau State Polytechnic, Heipang, Barkin Ladi

 

Abstract

It is the claim of this paper that despite the Victim support fund, the Presidential intervention package, the Safe School initiative etc., Boko Haram has consistently unleashing a theater of blood bath and mayhem in the north east Nigeria that is characterized by massive Loss, grief and other social problems considered to be complex, hard to solve, a product of interlocking issues, and hard to understand to the extent that finding solution to the problem in the east, seems to have no stopping rule, or criteria upon which to determine “solving. This crisis impacts on survivors as much as they face to dangers in their lives. Thus, most of them need to be supported until they can solve their problems, be relaxed and do their daily activities. The problem is that, all of these laudable efforts are devoid of social case workers as central coordinating partners. Profession of social workers is to assist individuals who are seeking help. What comes to bear is how to efficiently help the clients especially, those traumatize and suffer from post trauma stress disorders and other economic problems since all there lively hood seems to varnish overnight. Clients who have suffered from this terror therefore need special care. Generally, the role of social workers in helping the individual in situation is significant. To this end, the present paper tries to describe the process of social casework and those skills required for social workers to help the survivors. These skills include: situational supporting, hopefulness making, consoling, assuring, concentrating, solutions developing and referral. The paper revealed the need to theoretically contextualize the case work skills in other to have sustainable outcomes as a way out for the north eastern states in Nigeria.

Keywords: Social Case Work Intervention Skills, Victims of Boko Haram Insurgences, case work theory Sustainable Development

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INFLUENCE OF RELIGION AND CULTURE ON THE COMPOSITION OF NEWSPAPER EDITORIAL BOARDS IN NIGERIA

 

ONIFADE, OLUWAFEMI SUNDAY; JONAH, MARY HARUNA; AND SULE, GODWIN MATTHEW

Department of Mass Communication, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, Nigeria

 

Abstract

This study examines the roles of religion, region/ethnicity and gender in the composition of editorial boards of selected Nigerian newspapers with “national” spread. Using the theoretical foundations of the Gatekeeping theory, it deconstructs the classification of some newspapers as national newspapers through the instrumentality of the qualitative approach to the Content Analysis method. It asserts that ethnic, regional and religious motives take primacy over national interest in the establishment and operation of newspaper organizations in Nigeria. The findings of the research shows that women are seriously underrepresented on the editorial boards of the newspapers under consideration for this study. The study calls for the multiplicity of gender, ethnicity, and ideological/political orientation on the editorial boards of Nigerian newspapers.

Keywords: Influence, Religion, Culture, Composition, Newspaper .

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ASSESSMENT OF NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF STREET URCHINS

 

GBADAMOSI, F. O., ABIODUN, A.M. AND YUSUF, N. O.

Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, the Federal Polytechnic, Bida.

 

Abstract

This work is to assess the nutritional status of street urchins in kakuri, Kaduna state.The study was descriptive and cross sectional covering areas of kakuri, Kaduna state. A total of 89 children were sampled using snowballing technique. A well-structured questionnaire was used to assess socio-demographic variation, food habits and food frequency of the subjects. The entire subjects were males with ages from 6 to 20 years. 61.8% of the subjects were uneducated. Socio-demographic characteristics revealed that most of the occupation of the subjects’ parents was majorly farming (39.3%) and petty trading (29.3%). 66.3% of the subjects were underweight, 18.0% were normal, 12.0% were overweight and only 3.4% were obese. The most frequently consumed foods were cereals, legumes and fruits. None of the subjects consumed animal protein up to two times in a week.Majority of the street children suffers from chronic malnutrition and are malnourished due to poor nutrient intake. The study revealed that the problem of malnutrition among the subjects is multi-facets and have various links to socio-economic and demographic factors as well as faulty or poor dietary practices. Hence the nutritional status of street urchins in Kakuri is poor. Urgent intervention efforts by the appropriate authorities to improve their access to nutritious foods and ultimately their nutritional status should be executed.

Keywords: Nutritional status, Street urchins, Malnutrition, Food habits

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NEED FOR TEACHING MORAL EDUCATION IN PRIMARY SCHOOLS (A CASE STUDY OF ASKIRA/UBA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, BORNO STATE)

 

DANIEL MOSES

Fhi360, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria

 

Abstract

This project work examined the need for teaching moral education in primary schools.  Research was carried out on some selected primary schools in Askira/Uba Local Government Area of Borno State and interviewed made in h class teachers and L.E.A. staff together with some parents.  The findings showed that there is need for teaching oral education in primary schools in Askira/Uba Local Government Area of Borno State, because children, particularly those in the primary schools are still in their moral developmental stage and if not properly guided may lead to cases of violence and crimes which brings about moral decadence in the society.  It is recommended that government should include the teaching if moral education in school curriculum and school time table so as to enable the youth to have sound moral character and training.

Keywords: Need, Teaching, Moral Education, Primary Schools, Teachers

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ASSESSMENT OF THE RECENT YEARS OF CATASTROPHIC AND DEVASTATING EFFECTS OF FLOODING ON FOOD CROPS AND ANIMALS IN NIGER STATE, NIGERIA

 

*ADAMU BABA ABDULLAHI Ph.D **COL. (DR.) WILLIAM BUTU And ***ADAMU DAVID AHMED

*Department of Geography, FCT College of Education Zubz-Abuja **Department of Geography, Nigerian Defence Academy Kaduna ***Department of Agricultural & Economics & Farm Management, Federal University of Technology Minna.

 

Abstract

This research is aimed at assessing the recent years of catastrophic and devastating effects of flooding on food crops and animals in Niger state, Nigeria. The objectives of the study among others are to investigate the nature of food crops and animals that was affected by flood, to examine the extent of damage it has caused to each crops and animals. To investigate the socio-economic effects of the flood on the food crop and animal farmers, to suggest the ways to mitigate and curb the disaster management in future in the study area. The study covers seven (7) Local Government Area of the state. Time frame for the study was 2010 – 2019 (10 years). Multi-stage sampling techniques was employed in the selection of the samples which are Katcha LGA Agaie LGA, Bida LGA, Wushishi LGA, Lavun LGA Borgu LGA and Shiroro LGA respectively. Multivariate Regression Model of Dickey-Fuller Test were applied to test run the multiple variables. The negative correlation of 0.12387 and 0.36624 revealed that the effects of flooding were great on both Agricultural crops and animals alike, as many farm lands both arable, agro-forest and animals were swept away by floods and many .peasant farmers were returned to poverty.

Keywords: Assessment of Recent Years, Catastrophic and Devastating effects of Flooding, Food Crops and Animals, Niger State, Nigeria

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ENHANCING GREEN URBANISM FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIAN CITIES

 

OYELADE, IMOLE1* ELIMISIEMON MONDAY CHRIS 2* KAGAI, KALIAT­­ JOANA 3* ADEGBOYEGA ADESOJI ANTHONY4*­­­.

1Department of Urban and regional planning, Waziri Umaru Federal Polytechnic, Birnin Kebbi, Kebbi state, Nigeria 2Department of Architechure, Kaduna State University, Kafanchan Campus, Kaduna 3Department of Architechure, Kaduna State University, Kafanchan Campus, Kaduna 4Department of Quantity survey, Waziri Umaru Federal Polytechnic, Birnin Kebbi, Kebbi state, Nigeria

 

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to unveil the relevance of green infrastructure in sustainable cities. The objectives are to: assess environmental benefits of Green design, examine the biophilic culture of the respondents in the study area and identify possible constraints toward green urbanism. The study employed both primary and secondary data. The primary data made used of questionnaires within the college of environmental. The secondary data used include the use of relevant literatures such as Journals, textbooks and online internet sources. The estimated population of the students is about 800. A total of 70 structured questionnaires were administered to all the students of the 400 level (HND) students. The data was analyzed in a descriptive manner of statistical computation using mean values, frequency values and the ranking of the mean scores. The three most ranked of the benefits are Commitment to outdoor oriented activity in a green cities promote and foster social cohesion, biophilic design engagement helps to expand economic opportunities for the least-advantaged and biophilic design helps to enhance livability and quality of life. The study identified that 72.8% of the respondents show care and concern for nature. The study further established that 12.9% of the respondents show a daily biophilic culture suitable to promote the human life. The study established that Legal and zoning ordinance, Short term economic cost, Aesthetic bias of possible organism like snake, bats and spiders are the possible constraints toward green urbanism. This study is strongly recommended to all environmental designers; landscape planner, Architect, Builder, Land surveyors and to all biophilic institution and governance in the field of green designs.

Keyword: Green, design, cities, sustainable, environment.

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MARKETING FUNCTIONS AND ENTREPRENEURIAL ROLES FOR NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN NIGER STATE, NIGERIA.

 

*MAMMAN, ZACCHAEUS NDABA **IBRAHIM GARBA KAGARA ***AUDU, ALICE ASABE

*Department of Business and Management Studies, Niger State Polytechnic, Zungeru, Bida Campus. **Department of Banking and Finance, Niger State Polytecnic, Zungeru Bida Campus. ***Department of Hospitality Management and Tourism, Niger State Polytechnic Zungeru, Bida Campus.

 

Abstract

Marketing from the beginning entails interaction between the buyer and seller, in the process of transaction they most exchange ideas on the amount to buy and amount to sale a product that consumer have the need for while the seller is ready to transfer the tittle ownership to the agreed buyer of the commodity. While entrepreneurial venture offer an innovative products, process a service, a successful entrepreneurs have the ability to lead a business in a positive direction by proper planning, to adapt to changing environments and understand their own strengths and weakness. The researchers employed the observation method because of concomitant of everyday contact in watching, listening to the observation of marketing of Agricultural products that are consumable and easily bought by people in Bida town, the analyses or the interpretation using the path agoras theory its show that Usman Zaki market is customers preferred, because is in the centre of Bida town with 100km North and East than Etsu-Masaba, Etsu-Umaru Majigi and Gwadabe market in the environs. The paper concluded that people who sale agricultural products help many people to overcome hunger as they are able to get the things they needed from the market and it was recommended that a successful new product should breaks even, and cross into profitability during the introduction phase.

Keywords: Marketing, Market, Customers, Products, Raw material, Entrepreneurial, Development, Business, Seller and Buyer.    

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INTERNALLY DISPLACED PERSONS AND THE CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHT TO VOTE AND BE VOTED FOR IN NIGERIA

 

ABDULRASHEED ISAH BARAU1, GARBA DANLAMI1 HASSAN AND HABILA ISA BARAU2

1A. D Rufa’I College for Legal and Islamic Studies, Misau, Bauchi State. 2Faculty of Law, Bauchi State University, Gadau, Bauchi State.

 

ABSTRACT

Under any democratic dispensation, the citizenry is given the inalienable right to, through an established procedure, contest or vote for their representatives who will stir the wheel of their government, as their leaders for a prescribed period of time. This process of political participation is so germane under a democratic government, to the extent that the will and aspiration of the people can better be realized by bringing on board capable people who will handle the affairs of government and take the people as a whole to the next level in terms of positive development. However, as important as the exercise of this right may seem to be, some Nigerians are denied such right intentionally or otherwise and their fate is been left to the hands of few to decide. This paper has ex-rayed the constitutional right of franchise; the effect Internal Displacement has on the enjoyment and exercise of this right, more particularly on the people displaced by the Boko Haram insurgency in the North Eastern Nigeria; the legal regime on ground to protect this right and at the end a way out has been suggested in form of recommendation. This research will be adopting a doctrinal approach with both domestic and international laws (Instruments, conventions and protocols) as the primary data and the works of reknown authors in scholarly journals, books and conferences as secondary data.

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COMPUTER NUMERICAL CONTROL MACHINING CONTENTS FOR INCLUSION IN METALWORK TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION CURRICULUM OF UNIVERSITIES

 

*AJIBUWA JOSEPH ABIODUN **DR. I. Y. UMAR AND **DR. A. B. KAGARA

*Federal College of Education (T) Bichi **Industrial and Technology Education Department, Federal University of Technology, Minna.

 

Abstract

This research work is on Computer Numerical Control Machining Contents for Inclusion in Metalwork Technology Education Curriculum of Universities. Two research question and Two hypotheses guided the study. The design adopted was a survey research design. The population of the study consists of 19 metalwork technology lecturers and 60 industrial personnel that are familiar with CNC machine. The instrument for data collection was a structured questionnaire having 4 point rating scale. The data was analyzed using mean, and standard deviation, while t-test was used in testing the hypotheses. The result showed that metalwork technology students required operational skills in CNC lathe and shaping machine among others. It was recommended that, the National Universities Commission (NUC) should lay more emphasis on curriculum review as when due to update the contents of the curriculum of courses like metalwork technology in order to address the technological advancement across all technology education courses in the universities in Nigeria among others.

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IMPLEMENTATION OF NATIONAL HEALTH INSURANCE SCHEME SERVICE FOR NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT (A STUDY OF MEDICAL CENTRE, THE FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC, BIDA)

 

*BELLO, BABATUNDE S., *NWOKENKWO, O. B., *ASHONIBARE, JOSEPH & **ABDULLAHI, H. F.

*Department of Marketing, Federal Polytechnic, Bida **Department of Business Administration & Management, Federal Polytechnic, Bida

 

Abstract

The numerous clamours for satisfaction and value-for-money can be a proxy indicator for the need for improved service delivery of National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) to patients. It is therefore the objective of this study to evaluate the extent of compliant with the implementation guideline of NHIS in service delivery to staff of the Federal Polytechnic, Bida Medical Centre who chose the centre as their primary service provider. Descriptive research design was adopted while qualitative data with questionnaire and structured interview from selected respondents were used. Respondents were drawn from patients that visited the medical Centre as well as staff of the Centre. The NHIS Desk Officer of the medical Centre was also interviewed with a view to eliciting purposeful information to aid the study. A sample of one hundred and fifty responses was examined with simple random sampling method. Findings indicated that patients in many cases do not get expensive drugs prescribed to them hence; they resort to buying them from outside pharmacies. The study showed that the overall patients satisfaction with the services provided as far as NHIS implementation is concerned is fair but more can still be done to achieve satisfaction especially, in the aspect of drugs administration and operational coverage. It is recommended that there is need for the medical centre to partner with reputable pharmacy(s) in the town to where patients can be referred whenever the Centre is out of supply of drugs instead of out rightly asking them to purchase on their own.

Keywords: Evaluation, Health insurance scheme, Implementation, Medical Centre, Polytechnic

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LEARNING ENVIRONMENT AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT: AN ANALYSIS ON THE IMPACT OF PHYSICAL AND SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT ON LEARNING PROCESS

 

 

HASSAN-SALEH, MUHAMMED YAHAI & SANI MAI-GADAU

School of Education Aminu-Saleh College of Education, Azare, Bauchi-State

 

Abstract

This study was designed to examine the impact of physical and social environment on learning process. Psychologist, for instance, “placed the Centre of gravity” of learning process on the environment. In their opinion, method of education is characterized by the central importance that we attribute to the question of environment, according to the saying of psychologist; they attributed feeblemindedness to the dullest of the senses which is due to the poor environment. If conducive environment is created, the dullest child can perform as excellently as any other brilliant child, they argued. In order to facilitate understanding, researcher’s discussion will be classified into two broad categories: The impact of physical environment, and the impact of social environment on learning process. Investigation has revealed the strong correlation between physical facilities such as classrooms, sitting-arrangement laboratories, writing-materials and the learning process, quality of education that children receive bears direct relevance to the availability or lack of physical facilities and the overall atmosphere in which learning takes place. This is the major reasons why this write-up is being undertaken to look into and expose the impact of physical/social environment which may have implication for children academic achievement. Based on the finding of this study the following recommendations were made: parents should learn to provide good home environment for their children to study, government on her level should have to provide available facilities for the development of learning in Nigerian schools. 

Keywords: Environment, Academic, Achievement, Analysis, Physical.

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STRENGTHENING INSTITUTIONAL CAPABILITY FOR EFFECTIVE ENTREPRENEURSHIP CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA

 

S.O. ONIMOLE & A.B. ADEBUSOYE

Department of Entrepreneurship, Joseph Ayo Babalola University (JABU), Ikeji Arakeji, Osun State, Nigeria

 

Abstract

The study examines and seeks to assess the institutional capacity building for effective entrepreneurship development in Nigeria. In order to establish specific factors and challenges of the tertiary institution capacity building, descriptive and inferential statistical methods were employed. Data were collected from existing records and findings of opinion on the subject matter through the use of structured questionnaire. Stratified sampling technique was used to select the 235 respondents for the study. The population for the study comprised staff and students of Federal, State and Private Universities in South-West Zone of Nigeria. Out of 235 contacted 205 staff and students responded to the questionnaire for the study. The internal consistency of the questionnaire was determined using Cronbach Alpha. Data obtained were analyzed using mean, frequency count, percentages and one-way analysis of variance. The study reveals that out of the ninety (90) Universities and a total of One hundred and fifty two (152) tertiary institutions (Federal, State and Private) only one has a full Department of Entrepreneurship preparing students for B.Sc degree in Entrepreneurship. This department is domiciled in the College of Management Sciences while a few were basically focused on small business development, administration and management. Also observed was the capacity inadequacy in both the public and private sector for entrepreneurship education development and the need to restore quality teaching and research in the institutions. The study recommends that both public and private sectors must be involved in strengthening and building up effectively adequate capacity in all critical areas to ensure entrepreneurship development. 

Keywords: – Capacity Building, Institutional Development, Entrepreneurship, Education, Institutional Capability.

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UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS (1948) VIS-À-VIS RIGHTS UNDER SHARI’AH AND CRITICAL EXAMINATION OF RIGHTS ABUSES/VIOLATION AMONG THE MUSLIM NATIONS. EXCUSES AND DEFENCES.

 

SABO KARABI GIADE

A.D.Rufa’i College for Legal and Islamic Studies, P.M.B. 004 Misau, Bauchi State, Nigeria.

 

Abstract:

This write up is aimed at observing some of the Fundamental Human Rights that were guaranteed under the common wealth as well as the shariah legal system. However the Rights under the shariah legal system were not just left without exceptions or conditions. The Rights discussed here include the Right to life, right to freedom of association, right to marriage, right to give testimony and the right to wear closes. All the right stated were not just guaranteed without hindrance of obstacles. Right to life for instances can be infringed where somebody caused the death of another, an in Qisas or law of equality. Right to freedom of association is equally curtailed where one is not allowed to sit with hypocrites. Right to marriage is not allowed to marry the women married by their fathers etc. Right to give testimony is not allowed to a person if it will create suspicion. Right to wear clothes is equally not left without limit as women were not allowed to wear transparent clothes.  

 Keywords: Shari’ah, Rights Abuses/Violation, Universal, Declaration, Critical Examination.

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