BERKELEY PUBLICATIONS INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF AFRICAN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT (BJASD) (VOL 10 NO. 2)
ISSN: 1334 – 4977 SEPTEMBER, 2019
Berkeley Research and Publications International,
Bayero University, Kano, PMB 3011, Kano State, Nigeria.
Nigeria, West-Africa. +234-708-717-3247
ASSESSMENT OF ADMINISTRATIVE STRATEGIES APPLIED BY PRINCIPALS TO IMPROVE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF PRIVATE SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN MAIDUGURI, NIGERIA
ABDULBAQI TOYIN ABDULRAHIM1*, IBRAHIM BABA FIKA2 AND AMIN AMIN3
1Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Maiduguri, P.M.B. 1069, Maiduguri, Nigeria. 2Department of Education, University of Maiduguri, P.M.B. 1069, Maiduguri. 3Department of Politics and Governance, Kwara State University, Malete, P.M.B. 1530, Ilorin, Nigeria.
This study assessed the administrative strategies applied by principals to improve academic performance of private secondary school students in Maiduguri, Nigeria. The research design used in this study is a descriptive survey. The population of the study was all the Principals and Teachers in the seventy five (75) private secondary schools in Maiduguri. Using a systematic random sampling technique, the sample consists of 8 Principals and 48 Teachers. The instrument used for the study was a self-designed research questionnaire. In order to ensure face and content validity of the test, the researcher discussed with specialists in the area of study. Test-retest method was adopted in order to examine the reliability of the instruments and a correlation coefficient of about 0.75 was obtained as reliability index. The results of the study revealed that the Principals of Private Secondary Schools in Maiduguri adopted the following administrative strategies; Vision consciousness, Building a strong team leaders, Knowing and embracing your values, Listening effectively, Communicating effectively, Being a catalyst of change, Being a good motivator, Not being afraid to take hard decision, and Developing leadership skills. It also affirmed that there are adequate teachers and the provisions of teaching learning resources are quite adequate. The Principals facilitated teachers’ development by allowing them to attend seminars and workshops, and also provided an enabling and conducive working environment for staff and students. All these have positive influence on students’ academic performance in Private Secondary Schools in Maiduguri. Further study that seeks to evaluate the impacts of the administrative strategies on students’ performance in which students will also be participants/respondents in the study is been suggested.
Keywords: Administrative, Strategies, Applied, Academic, Performance.
THE ROLE OF SOCIAL MEDIA IN PROMOTING TECHNIQUES OF E-WASTE MANAGEMENT IN NASARAWA STATE
*OGENYI, OGABA SUNDAY **WILLIAM MUSA MADAKI **MUKHTAR S. WAKEEL
*Department of Industrial and Technology Education, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Niger State **Department of Mass Communication, Nasarawa State Polytechnic, Lafia
A survey research design was adopted for this study, the population of the study consist of 78 electronic repairers and 105 environmental protection officers. Simple random sampling was used to sample 28 electronics repairers and 34 environmental protection officers in Lafia metropolis, Nasarawa State. Data was collected using 40-items questionnaire developed by the researcher based on the research questions. The questionnaire is made up of three sections: A, B and C. The instruction for data collection was validated by three experts. Pilot study was conducted using Abuja Metropolis and the reliability coefficient is of the instrument was found to be 0.89 which indicated that the instrument is capable and consistent in measuring what it is designed to measure. Mean and standard deviation was used to answer the research question while z-test statistics was used to test the hypotheses at 0.005 level of significant. From the analysis of the result, it was found that Social media enlighten the public on the process of collection and treatment of e-waste management. There is high level of informal activities in the treatment of ewaste in the state. E-waste that are not refurbishable are dump as landfills that cause emission and generate greenhouse gas (GHG). There is no standard center for collection and treatment of e-waste in Nasarawa State. Producer and manufacturers of EEE are not involved in the treatment of e-waste. Efficient management of e-waste will boost the economy of the state and increase the employment rate. Efficient management of e-waste reduce environmental degradation. It is thus recommended that; Different group such as non-governmental organization should be involved in the management of e-waste. The government should establish an e-waste collection system that is easily accessible to citizens; ensure the proper management of the devices at all stages (collection, transportation, storage, treatment, utilization and/or recovery and/or final disposal). The users of Electrical Electronic Equipment’s should be made to understand that their waste could be reused or recycled within the value chain of e-waste.
Keywords: E-waste, Social Media, Management, Techniques, Nasarawa State.
QUANTIFYING THE IMPACT OF THE CO-EXISTENCE STEADY-STATE SOLUTION ON THE TYPE OF STABILITY USING A NUMERICAL SIMULATION APPROACH
1HOWARD, C.C. AND 2 EKAKA-A E.N.
1&2Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Rivers State University, Port Harcourt.
The interaction between species has been a long standing scientific research both for mathematical ecologists and environmental statisticians, biologists or scientists to mention a few. In the present study activity we have indentified the full potential of using a numerical simulation which is computationally efficient to differentiate types of stability due to a variation of a co- existence steady state solution. The novel results which we have achieved on the implementation of this method have not been seen elsewhere; they are presented and discussed in this paper.
Keywords: species, interaction, environmental, numerical simulation, steady state
MAKING PARTICIPATORY COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT WORK: LESSONS FROM SOCIAL WORK AND NON PROFIT INTERVENTIONS IN THE NIGER DELTA REGION
MINA M OGBANGA (PhD)
Department of Social Work. Faculty of Social Sciences. University of Port-Harcourt, River State. Nigeria.
This paper focuses on social work practice and non- profit intervention in the Niger Delta to explore and understand the interacting variables that could make participatory community development work. Involving communities directly for policy dialogue and social change have been recognized as key to addressing community problems. In recent decades such practice has been flawed as it has not been increasingly participatory. In addition, since the return to democracy in Nigeria in 1999, social workers as well as non –profit intervention and the question of participatory community development have not been given adequate scholarly attention. The practice of participatory development as a bottom-top collective synergy to meet the present and future needs of communities have been less clear. Drawing on house hold survey and non-profit interventions including review of relevant literature, participatory development involving social workers is elucidated which is a pro people, inclusive development model. Findings show that the people of the Niger Delta have capabilities which are undermined by complex limitations to participation arising from environmental degradation and poor policy response to mitigate the problem. Hence while community problems such as environmental degradation are identified, feedbacks often show that response and mitigation do not reflect the participation of the communities making sustainability a challenge. The paper makes a contribution on the role social workers can play in making participatory community development work.
Keywords: Social Work, Participatory Community Development, Non -profit Intervention, Sustainability.
STAFF MOTIVATION IN BAUCHI STATE PUBLIC LIBRARY BOARD
University Library, Bauchi State University, Gadau, Bauchi, Nigeria
This study identify and assessed the nature of motivation (incentives) provide to the staff of Bauchi State Library Board. The study was carried out through the use of survey method, adopting questionnaires as the major instrument of gathering the needed data. The data gathering were analyzed by descriptive statistics using percentages and tables necessary to explain the data. Attempt was made to analysis factors responsible for inadequate provision of motivation to the staff of the library board. The researcher recommended that the government should provide adequate funds to the library board at the appropriate time. On the other hand, the management of the board should give equal opportunity to the staff for further education and staff training programmes.
Keywords: Librarians, Library, Motivation, Public Libraries.
IMPACTS OF AGROCHEMICALS ON HUMAN HEALTH AND THE ENVIRONMENT IN BADEGGI AND ENVIRONS, NIGER STATE, NIGERIA
NAFIU HASSAN1 M. A. EMIGILATI2
Department of Geography, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria
Continuous use of agrochemical against agricultural pest and disease vectors poses serious threats upon both human health and environment in the study area. The study thus sought to determine the farmers knowledge, attitude and practices with regard to use of agrochemicals in crop production within Baddegi and environs, Niger State and their potential impact on environment and human health. The main data for the study were sourced using structured questionnaire, oral interview and field survey which were the main instruments for data collection. The study respondents were 387 and simple random sampling was used to distribute the questionnaires among the respondents. Three hundred and forty one (341) questionnaires were returned and the analysis was done on this basis. Data collected using questionnaire and oral interview were analysed statistically through frequency percentage, 3-point likert scale and statistical mean in the study area. The study revealed type of agrochemicals to apply in farms were determine through use own experience, asks what other farmers have used, as advised by extension officer and experiments on different types then choose. The names of agrochemicals used in the study area include Glyphosate, Orizo plus, Urea, NPK, Gamaline and Butter clow. The study also revealed that 292 respondents affirmed that their exist health problems associated with the use of agrochemicals in the study area and 49 respondents said they do not suffer any health problem due to the use of agrochemicals. These health problems include skin, eye, stomach and respiratory irritations. The finding shows that surface water ranked the highest on the effect of agrochemical with 87 respondents and air ranked the least affected component of the environment. This implies that all the components of the environment were effected with agrochemicals in the study area as affirmed by the respondents. In conclusion, the study found out that farmers had inadequate knowledge, poor attitude and practices with regard to use of agrochemicals in crop production that resulted in adverse environmental and human health effects.
Keywords: Agrochemicals, Environment, Human health and Badeggi
CHECKLIST OF AVIFAUNA OF MUBI SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ADAMAWA STATE, NIGERIA
BUBA, Z.M. & ZAINAB BUBA MSHELIA,
Department of Zoology, Adamawa State University, Mubi, Adamawa State, Nigeria.
Studies on the bird species diversity and relative abundance between January to October 2017, was carried out to checklist the avifauna of Mubi South Local Government Area of Adamawa State, Nigeria, and to determine the avian diversity and density of Mubi South Local Government Area. Three methods; Breeding Bird Survey-line transect, distance sampling and wandering Point centred quadrant (Wandering PCQ) method along and within the study area were used. Forty Six (46)bird species belonging to twenty three (23) families were recorded at Mubi South Local Government Area. There was a significant difference between the bird species at the different site subjected to student t-test (P<0.05). Whereas in Czekonowski similarity index (Sc) showed no relationship between study sites and bird species. This study revealed that Mubi South is a good area of avifauna diversity.
KEY WORDS: checklist, avifauna, Mubi South, diversity, density
SEMI – STOCHASTIC ANALYSIS OF DATA PRECISION USING A COMPUTATIONAL APPROACH.
1J.A. OKORO 2E.N. EKAKA-A
1Department of Mathematics, School of Secondary Education, Federal College of Education (Technical) Omoku, Rivers State 2Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Sciences, Rivers State University, Nkpolu, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
In this present study, we have use a computational approach that is based on the ODE 4 5 numerical simulation to show that the inclusion of a random environmental perturbation has the potential to decrease the value of standard deviation with a zero random environmental perturbation. The full result of this contribution to knowledge are presented and discussed in this work.
Keywords: Computational, Analysis, Approach, Stochastic, Data Precision.
EFFECTS OF CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY ON THE PERFORMANCE OF SOME SELECTED CONGLOMERATES IN NIGERIA
1OLATUNJI, TUNDE EZEKIEL 2DAUDA ADAMU ABUBAKAR & 3ADAMU, MOHAMMED RABIU
1&2Directorate of Academic Planning, Nigeria Institute of Leather and Science Technology, Zaria 3Directorate of Leather Technology, Nigeria Institute of Leather and Science Technology, Zaria
The study examined the impact of corporate social responsibility on the financial performance of Quoted Conglomerates in Nigeria. The research design adopted by the study is correlational and the population constitutes of the eight (8) conglomerate companies quoted on the Nigeria Stock Exchange as at 31st December 2011. Due to the data availability of the companies and the fact that they are few in number, the study uses census approach. The study uses secondary data and the instrument used for the collection of the data is documentation. The data used are extracted from the annual reports of the conglomerates, NSE factbooks and Daily official lists of the NSE official lists of the NSE. The data is for the period of 6 years ranging from 2010-2016. The study used Multiple Regression Model as the techniques of analysis using SPSS 20 software. The study found that two of the independent variables (i.e. ER and CP) have significant positive impacts and other one (i.e. EMS) negative impact. In line with the findings of the study, the study concludes that corporate social responsibility plays a significant role on the profitability of conglomerates in Nigeria. Given the fact that corporate responsibility leads to profit realization, management of conglomerate should ensure that the responsibility is inbuilt into their policy statements and back it up with effective budget.
Keywords: Corporate Social Responsibility, Financial Performance, Conglomerates, Social Performance, Environment
AFRICAN LEADERSHIP AND THE NEXUS FOR PEACE PROMOTION AND GOOD GOVERNANCE
*JIBRIN UBALE YAHAYA **MUSA MOHAMMED BELLO
*Department of Political Science, Nasarawa State University, Keffi **Institute of Governance and Development Studies, Nasarawa State University, Keffi
Scholars has argued about the nature of leadership breeds in Africa, some are of the views that major problems of poverty, unemployment and insecurity was as a result of poor leadership demonstrated by many African leaders while other school of thought has a believe that African problems was lingered behind the tendencies of superpower countries who are the major exploiters of Africa through colonialism while after many African States independence they change strategy ruling African by guiding and regulating African economic, political and social policies that aimed at continue exploitations of African’s to remain poor and irrelevant in the today’s global politics. The paper was of view that good governance is a necessary requirement for sustainable peace and development in Africa. Unfortunately, the problems confronting Africa in this century are predominantly governance-related. African countries are poorly ranked on the global scale of governance indicators. The consequences of this include recurrent civil wars, genocides, and the proliferation of organized rebellions against the state. These have largely turned the continent into a region characterized by political instability. Thus, this paper examines the nexus between good governance and peace, focusing on Africa. In view of the enormous challenges that insecurity and crises have created in Africa, the paper recommends that African leaders must deepen democracy on a continental scale, demonstrate the willingness to combat and reduce corruption, build a strong civil society and consciously promote human rights and justice.
Keywords: Peace, Good Governance, Security, Africanism
LOCATION AND DISTRIBUTION OF PETROL RETAIL FILLING STATIONS IN BAUCHI METROPOLIS 2006 VIEW
1HASHIM ABDULLAHI 2ZAINAB .M. DALHATU 3ZAINAB .M. ZAKARI
1Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Federal Polytechnic Mubi, PMB 35, Adamawa State, Nigeria 2and3Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Nuhu Bamalli Polytechnic, Zaria. Kaduna State, Nigeria
The aim of the study is to evaluate location and distribution of petrol retail filling stations in Bauchi metropolis and it employed inventory of the total completed. functional and under construction of the existing 65 petrol retail filling station in Bauchi Metropolis. Each filling station was visited and 24 Retail Filling Stations was considered as a sampled size and its total staff was considered as sampled population and generalization was made. based on the samples. Well-structured questionnaire was administered and physical observation was also employed for the study. Survey Wheel tape was used to measure distance between stations as well with and breath for measuring the total area coverage. The research also employed photographing. Simple statistics was used for the analysis and the result was presented in words , tables and supported with photographs. The survey conducted revealed that 8 (33.3%) of the petrol retail filling station had distance between 1m -99m, 10 (41.67%) were located along the secondary road, 6 (25.8%) shared walls that is they have 0m, 9 (37.5%) had adequate parking spaces , 12 (50%) with capacity of 1-10 vehicles accommodation at a time , 7 (29:16) with supermarket and mosques , 15 (62.5%) reported long que during fuel shortages, 16 (66.7%) had workers between 1-10, 14 (58.3%) which represent irregular supply from NNPC as a problem , 15 (62.50%) was owned by independent marketers. , 14 (58.33) was establishment less than 5 years and 19 (79.17%) were satisfied with the present location, 15 (62.5%) were functional and 17 (71%), had either area coverage or setbacks challenges . Recommendations were made based on the identified physical planning predicaments.
Keywords: Filling Station, Bauchi Metropolis, Location and Distribution, Land Uses, Roads
CHRISTIAN MISSIONARIES IMPACT ON THE CULTURE OF ZAR PEOPLE IN ZARLAND
Aminu Saleh College of Education Azare, Bauchi State
The Zar people are located in southern part of Bauchi State. They are found mostly in Bogoro and Tafawa Balewa local government areas. This group of people have a unique culture that a paper examines its impact to Christian concepts. The purpose of culture in Zar land was to bring the young ones up with good moral behaviours and to teach them the way of respect to elders and act of living with relatives in community. In Zar culture, polygamy and monogamy marriage were part of their culture. Polygamy and divorce or separation were allowed because it was not seeing as a wrong doing. Choosing life partners courtship, engagement and wedding were done by parents and relations without the knowledge of their children. The coming of Missionaries in Zar land area has a tremendous impact on many areas of lives, most especially on their culture.
Keywords: Christian, missionaries’ impact, culture, Zar people, Zar land.
HUMAN CAPITAL DEVELOPMENT AS A TOOL FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
HUSSAINI MUHAMMAD DAUDA AND MUHAMMAD AHMAD USMAN
Department of Public Administration, Federal Polytechnic, Mubi Adamawa State, Nigeria
Without the necessary human capital, material or physical capital cannot support the needed national development. This paper therefore, attempt at confirming that human resources is the ultimate basis for national development. The paper reviewed some related literature and conceptual clarifications with emphasis on the relationship of both human and material capital to the economic expansion of a country, the human capital theory was adopted to provide the theoretical framework. The paper is a desk study that relies on secondary data. Concluded among other things is that for any meaningful development to take place, the required human capital most be properly put forward with the available physical capital and that the pursuit to achieving policies on economic growth may be a journey into futility f the issue of human capital is not properly addressed. The paper therefore recommended among other things that every labour should be placed according to the discipline in order to shun the notion of square peq in a round hole for proper and sustainable national development.
Keyword: Human capital, Physical capital, National Development.
INCLUSIVE EDUCATION STRATEGIES IN EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION FOR AFRICAN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: THE BACKGROUND EXPERIENCE OF EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY
DR IBRAHIM ZUBAIRU
Educational Psychology Department, Federal College Of Education, Zaria.
Inclusive education, from the view point of educational psychologist is a carefully designed system of education for children with special needs so that they can reach their optimum potentials in terms of development. Recent developments in educational system lead to the inquiries such as whether the design is actually implemented accordingly or not. The paper discusses inclusive education strategies in early childhood from the perspective of educational psychology and its impact on the realization of sustainable development in Nigeria and Africa. It explained it as a concept that views children with disabilities as true full time participants and members of their neighborhood schools and communities. That inclusive school is a place where everyone belongs is accepted, supported of having his or her educational needs met. The question of whether inclusive education in Nigeria is practiced the same way and manner to reflect the reality as any other advanced countries or is just a myth has been addressed by the paper. One of the obstacles discovered is the fact that although it is practiced, not every level of education (primary or secondary) does it well. The paper went on to make some recommendations for improvement in order to meet up with the projections of education for all (EFA), as well as that of the millennium development goal which will lead to the realization of the basic objectives of sustainable development. To achieve those, some important recommendations were made. One of such recommendations is that human rights organizations should take a lead to pressurize for the proper implementation, since inclusive education is the right of all children, (normal and exceptional).
Keywords: Inclusive Education, Early childhood Education, Sustainable Development, Special Education, Education for All (EFA)
THE STATE AND AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA A CASE STUDY OF DOMA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF NASARAWA STATE
*LADAN O. NASIRUDEEN & **AGWADU J. JATAU
*Department Of Local Government Studies, Nasarawa State Polytechnic, Lafia **Department Of Office Technology, Nasarawa State Polytechnic, Lafia
The theme of this research is concerned with the evaluation of state and agricultural development in Nigeria from 2013-2017, particularly in Nasarawa State where it was discovered that agriculture is still operating at a crude, out-moded, rudimentary and traditional age. The aforementioned period was chosen because a lot of agricultural policies and programmes were introduced in the state, for example, Fadama III and host of them. It is clearly shown on this dissertation that the impact of agricultural policies from 2013-2017 has been minimal, this has resulted in gross misallocation of resources and has therefore been counter-productive. The research used a survey method to gather data from respondents and it was analyzed using percentage. Central to development in every society, the government is the engine-room, on this basis we employed the Keynesian theory of development. Results from the empirical analysis show that the productivity of peasant agriculture has to some extent impacted positively on the economic growth of Nigeria. As recommendations to promote farming activities, policies and programs designed by the government should be implemented and follow-up-to the later. Mechanized agriculture should be encouraged against, outmoded agricultural practices. Land tenure system should be discouraged and the government should encourage face to face contact with the peasant’s farmers to discuss their basic needs, agricultural extension workers sabotaging government efforts should be sanctioned to bring sanity into the system in other to promote socio-economic development in Nigeria.
Keywords: State, Agricultural and Development
EFFECT OF STORAGE METHODS ON CASSAVA (MANIHOT ESCULENTA CRANTZ) STAKES IN THE DRY SAVANNAH
Pest Management Technology, Federal College of Forestry, Jos Nigeria.
Storage of cassava planting materials is necessary when harvest and subsequent planting are separated in time due to long drought. Stakes harvested during this drought period, either dry-out or become infested with micro-organisms or pests. As a result of these problems, procurement of cassava stakes for planting in the planting season become difficult. To avoid these problems different methods of storage of cassava stake were designed to find effective methods of storing cassava stakes in the dry season (i.e. between October 2017 – February 2018). The treatments include (i) Black polythene bag (ii) White-thick polythene bag (iii) White-light polythene bag (iv)Pit storage and (v) Local method of storage (control). 12 stakes were kept in each of the treatment and was replicated 4 times. All treatments were done under tree shade for the period of 137 days. The fresh stakes were separated from the dried ones and the fresh stakes were expressed as percentage of total stakes in each treatment. Then the fresh ones were planted in green house to assess their viability. All these were subjected to analysis of variance. Parameters showing significant difference were further separated using Duncan Multiple Rang Test (DMRT). The result shows significant difference among the treatments with pit-storage treatment had the least moisture loss (45.7%) followed by White-thick polythene (52.5%), while Black polythene had the highest (82.8%). There were no significant differences in weight loss among the treatments, however, white-thick polythene had the least percentage weight loss (47.5%) followed by white-light polythene (49.0%) while black polythene had the highest percentage loss (56.3%). Statistical analysis also shows no significant differences among the treatments with respect to percentage viability after the storage period. However, white-thick polythene and pit storage treatments showed the highest percentage viability (50.0%). Storage with white-thick polythene has the highest Percentage germination while pit and local storage methods had 15.0% each and black polythene had the least (7.5%). White-thick polythene bag storage is therefore recommended for storage of stake in dry savannah.
Key words: Storage, Cassava stake, Dry savannah, Polythene bag
SUSTAINABLE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM IN BUILT ENVIRONMENT: A REVIEW
FATIMA BABA CIROMA1,2
1Department of Architecture, College of Environmental Studies, Kaduna Polytechnic, Nigeria 2Department of Architecture, Faculty of Environmental Design, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria Nigeria 3Department of Architecture, College of Environmental Studies, Kaduna polytechnic, Nigeria.
In Nigeria today, cities and towns are faced with environmental problems resulting from poor solid waste management. Proper waste management is key to environmental sustainability of any environment.in this study therefore, it is evident that the rapid increase in urbanization has led to the ever-increasing heap of solid waste often found on streets and major roads thus, as an alarming feature of the Nigeria’s urban landscape. This paper was aimed at making findings of already conducted studies in Nigeria about the physical and chemical properties of different kinds of generated and collected waste and their energy potential in terms of caloric values and socio economic and environmental problems associated with Nigeria’s solid waste system and their link with the presence and absence of energy recovery and resource conservation principle. In view of above, the paper was based on empirical environmental assessments with a view to proposing an effective and efficient solid waste management system in Nigerian cities. The result of the findings indicated that the rate of solid waste disposal is out-paced by its generation and that waste dump sites on major streets and other open spaces are left unattended for long periods such that it heaps and encroaches roads limiting width usage and generating pollution denying the urban landscape of its aesthetics value another is, solid wastes are heterogeneous in nature as it constitutes biodegradable and non-biodegradable from a wide range of materials. Therefore, the recommendations provided by this paper is for solid waste management to be optimized through recovery, re-use, recycled as secondary materials for re-manufacturing and or privatization of such agencies in search of monitoring, collection, transport, processing, recycling and disposal. So that consideration towards “waste to energy” can be appreciated.
Keywords sustainability, solid waste, waste management, recycling, disposal.
THE VIEWS OF ISLAMIC SCHOLARS ON THE RECIPIENTS OF ZAKAT; A THEORETICAL EXPLORATION
ABUBAKAR ADAMU GIADE AND MUHAMMAD DANLADI MURTALA
School of Remedial and Contimuing Education, A.D Rufa’i College for Legal and Islamic Studies, Misau, Bauchi State, Nigeria
This write up is aimed at identifying the aims and objectives of the recipients of Zakat otherwise known as Masarif al-Zakat in Arabic language as they are being detailed in the Glorious Qur’an. However, the writer in this write up make an attempt to illustrate and shade more light on different views advanced by the jurists in Islam with regards to the status of each and every one among those recipients of the Zakat and manner of sharing the Zakat among the seven mentioned beneficiaries of Zakat.
Keywords: Zakat, Recipients, views, Scholars, Muslims.
THE ROLE OF PERIODIC MARKETS IN THE SOCIO ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF GIWA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, KADUNA STATE
Geography Department, Federal College Of Education, Zaria.
Rural periodic markets have long history in Giwa Local Government Area. The reason for their establishment and spread was to enable teaming rural farmers distribute their produce and to expand the local economic base of the farmers. Beside commerce, periodic markets in the study area also serve as centre for exchange of ideas among farmers and also centre for social and political interaction. Despite the functions of the markets, their actual role in the economic development of the study area was not fully understood. To ascertain this, questionnaire were distributed focusing on 437 traders from four different periodic markets across Giwa Local Government Area. The information from the questionnaire was analysed using both descriptive and multiple regression analysis method. The findings reveals that periodic market has significantly increase the economic and infrastructural development of the study area as confirmed by the regression analysis which was significant at 5% level through increased in trader’s income (0.000), with 24% of traders earning above N 30,000 monthly and creation of job opportunities (0.000) like head lodears, carriers, shoe makers, road transport workers etc. It is concluded that, periodic markets has tremendous benefit in the economic development of Giwa Local Government Area. It is recommended that, there should be establishment of financial institutions in the study area which will help traders to have access to loans to enable them expand their business to earn more income.
Keywords: Periodic Markets, Socio-Economic, Development, Giwa LGA
EVOLUTION OF POLITICAL PARTIES IN NIGERIA
*INUWA ABDU IBRAHIM **HUSSEINI ADAMU HUSSEINI ***JAMILA WAZIRI MOHAMMED *SIRAJO ADO JAHUN
*Department of Public Administration, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, Nigeria **Department of General Studies, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, Nigeria ***Department of Hospitality Management, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, Nigeria
This paper attempts a reasoned emergence and peculiar nature of political parties in Nigeria. Focusing on the various theoretical expositions of party systems and its heuristic adaptations across the country, the paper investigated the historical antecedents of party formation, administration, composition and party loyalty and its metastasis in Nigeria. The paper observed that while multi-party system appears to have been the dominant practice from the colonial
period till date, the spirit behind the formation and administration of the parties bears much of regional overtone than the entrenchment of democratic values and enhanced freedom of association, which the presence of many parties ought to customarily entail. Beyond the various reforms in the Nigerian party system, this study hazards an observation that apart from putting a good framework on ground, there is a palpable threat that can be self-inflicted by various
factions within the political parties while each strives to find ways to secure relevance and control, via fiercely desperate and sly methods.
Keywords: Democratic governance, evolution, Nigeria, party system, political practices, good governance.
ROLE OF THE INFORMAL SECTOR IN THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF NIGERIAN ECONOMY
GIDEON, VICTOR OLORUNFEMI, Ph.D, & AGABA, ADAH EKOJA
Nigeria Institute of Social and Economic Research (NISER).
This study focused on the role the informal sector is expected to play in the sustainable development of the Nigerian economy. Even though the informal sector accounts for about 21 percent of total employment in sub-Saharan African countries (ECA, 2005) and about 38 percent of the Gross Domestic Product in Nigeria (FOS, 1999), the sector is observed to have suffered general negligence in the development policies and national accounting of Nigeria. This background informed the need to investigate the role of the informal sector in the sustainable development of Nigerian economy. The methodology adopted for the study was the secondary data obtained from the survey of the Nigerian informal sector carried out by the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) in collaboration with the then Federal Office of Statistics (FOS) and the Nigerian Institute of Social and Economic Research (NISER). The result of the study shows that the informal sector is continuously expanding in developing countries, and has been providing employment and income to the teaming poor. The activities of the sector have been largely characterized by low entry requirements, small-scale operations, skills acquired outside of formal education, and labor-intensive methods of production. The sector is defined according to different classifications in terms of activity, employment category, location of actors, income and employment enhancing potential and has been extended to dominant informal manufacturing activities in food, beverages, and tobacco production. The informal sector has the potential to provide the needed impetus for employment generation and sustainable development. The existing policy responses to growth of the informal sector should be intensified. The study recommends: Emphasis on the informal sector’s role in Nigeria’s development policies, financial and technical support of identifiable informal-sector activities such as, retail trade, small-scale home-based manufacturing activities and services, scholars to understand existing gaps in the economic use of the informal sector in Nigeria and other African countries, skills development for informal sector operators, provision of credit facilities to the operators and the supply of electricity to enhance the performance of the sector.
Keywords: Informal sector, Sustainable development, Nigerian economy.
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TRANSFORMATIONAL, TRANSACTIONAL LEADERSHIP STYLES AND TEACHERS JOB COMMITMENT IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN BORNO STATE
*MWA PAUL MUTAH & **DR. BITRUS GLAWALA AMUDA
*Department of Social Studies, Kashim Ibrahim College of Education, Maiduguri **Department of Educational Psychology Guidance and Counselling, Kashim Ibrahim College of Education, Maiduguri
This study determined relationship between transformational, transactional leadership styles and teachers job commitment in senior secondary schools in Borno State. The objectives of the study were to determine relationship between transformational leadership style and teachers’ job commitment, and relationship between transactional leadership style and teachers’ job commitment. The study answered one research question and tested three hypotheses. The study adopted a survey and correlation research design. Target population of this study was secondary school teachers in all the four (4) educational zones of Borno State consisting of 3,798. The research work was conducted in twenty (20) out of the entire eighty five (85) secondary schools within four (4) educational zones in Borno State. Stratified random sampling procedure was adopted to select twenty secondary schools for the study while samples of 760 teachers were randomly selected from the sampled schools in the four education zones. Questionnaire was constructed as an instrument for collection of data for the research work. A pilot study was conducted to test the reliability of the instrument. The instrument has Cronbach alpha reliability coefficient index of .860. Mean and standard deviations were used to answer the research questions while the hypotheses which anchored on determining the relationship between principals’ leadership styles and teachers’ job commitment was tested using Pearsons Product Moment Correlation Co-efficient. The findings of the study indicated that the level of teachers’ job commitment in Borno State secondary schools was significantly high. There was significant relationship between transformational leadership style and teachers’ job commitment. There was significant relationship between transactional leadership style and teachers’ job commitment. Based on the findings it was recommended that there should be deliberate efforts on the part of secondary school principals and teachers to improve their leadership styles and roles to the direction that seems more favourable for effective teacher commitment to their job. Principals in Borno State secondary schools should use more of transformational and transactional leadership styles, which enhance their job commitment. More opportunities should be given to teachers by their principals in active participation in decision making on issues that affect their job performance and commitment.
Keywords: Transformational, Transactional, Leadership Styles, Teachers Job, Commitment
FEAR OF RETRENCHMENT AND WORKERS’ COMMITMENT TO SELECTED BANKS IN IBADAN, OYO STATE NIGERIA
NGOZI EDITH IYOHO
Social policy Department, Nigerian Institute of Social and Economic Research (NISER) Ibadan, Oyo- State. Nigeria.
Workers retrenchment has been widely practised within the banking sector and the trend has made the bank workers regard their jobs as unfitting due to insecurity of tenure. This study examined the fear of retrenchment and workers’ commitment to selected banks in Ibadan. Organizational Justice Theory and Neo-Liberalism theory were employed. A cross-sectional survey was the research design and quantitative and qualitative methods were employed. Multistage sampling technique was adopted, the sample size consisted of 280 bank workers, and 12 management bank workers were for In-depth Interviews, The quantitative data were analysed using the statistical package for Social Sciences (SPSS), while the results were presented on tables and interpreted by the use of simple percentages, pie chart and bar charts. The result collected indicated that 56.4% of the respondent strongly agreed that years of service is part of the reasons for retrenchment. 63.6% strongly agreed that inefficiency is also the reasons for bank retrenchment, 50.8% strongly agreed that incapability of staff is also a reason for retrenchment 80.8% agreed that redundancy can cause retrenchment, 56.8% strongly agreed that gross misconduct is also the reasons for bank workers retrenchment, 100% agreed that misappropriation is one of the major reasons for retrenchment of employees, The result also showed that 100% agreed that government policies and economic recession are significant reasons for retrenchment exercise. Hence, this study concludes that notification of the retrenchment process should be properly disseminated to the workers as to reduce persistent fear, worry and anxiety and lack of workers’ commitment. The study suggested among others that, initiating the methods that will boost workers’ level of commitment is necessary since commitment influenced turnover intent, this would benefit bank management as well as employees and also boost employees’ commitment.
Keywords: Retrenchment, Fear, Banks, Commitment, Employees, Survivors
EFFECTIVENESS OF USING ICT RESOURCES FOR TEACHING READING COMPREHENSION IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN KADUNA STATE
Department of General Studies Education, Federal College Of Education, Zaria.
This study is aimed at investigated the effect of using ICT on the quality of students reading comprehension in junior Secondary Schools in Kaduna State. To achieve this aim two government secondary schools were randomly employed (Government secondary School Dagachi and Government Secondary School Bomo) Government secondary school Dagachi was used as the experimental group while Government secondary school Bomo was used as the control group. A pre-test and post-test experimental design was developed. Thirty (30) students were randomly selected to formed the experimental group, while the rest of thirty (30) of them formed the control group. Both groups were exposed to pre-test in order to establish the level of their performance prior to teaching, while the post-test was administered after Ten (10) weeks of teaching. The experimental group we expose to reading comprehension lessons using ICT resources, while the control group were taught without using ICT resources. The findings revealed that there was a significant difference at the level of performance between reading comprehension scores of the two groups. It therefore concluded that the use of ICT resources in teaching reading comprehension can improve students reading comprehension.
Keywords: Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Reading, Performance.
THE USE OF RECOMMENDER SYSTEMS IN RESEARCH: A CASE STUDY OF KADUNA STATE COLLGE OF EDUCATION, GIDAN WAYA- KAFANCHAN.
*HABU, SARATU **GIDEON, BENJAMIN
*Department of Computer Science Education, Kaduna State College of Education Gidan Waya, Kafanchan – Kaduna State. **Department of Special Need Education, Kaduna State College of Education Gidan Waya, Kafanchan – Kaduna State.
Most of knowledge management systems and electronic commerce use recommender systems as the underlying tools for identifying a set of items that will be of interest to a certain user. A recommender system is a type of information filtering system by drawing from huge data sets the system’s algorithm can pinpoint accurate user preferences. This Study examined the use of Recommender Systems in Research using Kaduna State College of Education, Gidan Waya, Kafanchan as a case study. The study carried out with two objectives which were transformed into the research questions and null hypothesis. The study made use of cross-sectional correlation survey research design as a plan for data collection. The population of the study consisted of 498 lecturers of Kaduna State College of Education, GidanWaya, Kafanchan. It was difficult to reach all target population; stratified random sampling technique was employed to select 90 teachers as sample of the study. A null hypothesis was postulated and tested at 0.05 level of significant. Some of the major findings show that only 27.8% of the sampled population are using Recommender systems in research. The data collected from questionnaires which were analyzed using descriptive statistics and chi-square of significance. The study therefore recommends the use of Recommender systems in carrying out research. Research paper recommender systems can help the researcher avoid such time-consuming searches by allowing each researcher to automatically take advantage of previous searches performed by others in order to cope with the 21st century research.
Keywords: Recommender System, Content-base filtering, Research, Collaborative Filtering, Websites, Hybrid filtering.
PRINCIPALS’ MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES: A PANECEA FOR SECURITY CHALLENGES AFFECTING STUDENTS LEARNING IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN AKWA IBOM STATE, NIGERIA
*LOVE E. EBUK (Ph.D), **SHEDRACH SUNDAY SKEPRA
**Department of Educational Management, Faculty of Education, University of Abuja **Department of Educational Management, Faculty of Education, University of Abuja.
This paper focused on principals’ management strategies as panecea to insecurity challenges affecting students’ learning in Akwa Ibom State. Two research questions were raised to guide the study. The researcher used survey research design for the study. The population of the study was 237 Public Senior Secondary Schools in Akwa Ibom State. This was also used as the sample of the study through purposive sampling technique. Questionnaire was used to collect data for analysis, simple frequency and mean statistics were used to analyse the research questions. The findings of the study revealed that management are faced with security challenges in secondary schools in Akwa Ibom State. Also that management did not apply any management security strategies to control security in secondary schools in Akwa Ibom State. Due to the findings of the study the researcher recommended that: both federal and state governments should give sufficient funds to secondary schools management for purchasing of vital security equipment. The government should ensure that secondary school management and other staff including students are well trained to handle insecurity issues.
Keywords: Principals, Management Strategies, Security, and Challenges of Security.
THE MODERN INFORMATION RETRIEVAL MEDIA AND THE CHALLENGES FOR NIGERIAN LIBRARIES
ABUBAKAR ABDULLAHI HAMANI, ADAMU IBRAHIM & MOHAMMED IDRIS
Department of Library and Information Science, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi.
The medium for retrieving information in changing fast. First from the manual method, then electronically. Retrieval is now made from full-text and on-line database. This paper discusses the transition to these now information retrieval media and the challenges for Nigerian libraries to adopt the two key elements that propel it-computers and telecommunication facilities.