SSAA Journal of Contemporary Education Research (SJCER) Vol 13 (2)


SSAA JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY EDUCATION RESEARCH (SJCER)

Vol. 13 (2) March, 2019 ISSN 2316-1989

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Sub-Sahara Africa Academic Research Publications,

Centre for African Development Studies, University of Ibadan,

P/ O/ Box 10108, U. I. Post Office. Ibadan Oyo State,

Nigeria, West-Africa. +2348025604997

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PAPERS:

EFFECT OF SOCIAL MEDIA ON STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN VOCATIONAL EDUCATION, FACULTY OF EDUCATION UNIVERSITY OF MAIDUGURI: IMPLICATIONS FOR COUNSELLING

 

 

*HAMSATU J. PUR; *AMOS AUDU; **APAGU K. BULUS.

*Department of Vocational Education, University of Maiduguri **Department of Science Education, University of Maiduguri.

 

Abstract

This study was conducted to determine Effect of Social Media on Students’ Academic Performance in Faculty of Education University of Maiduguri: Implications for pCounselling. One Research question and three Research hypotheses guided the study.  Survey research design was adopted for the purpose of the study. The population of the study comprised of all the students in the department of vocational education  at the Faculty of Education University of Maiduguri, Borno State. Simple random sampling technique was employed to select 100 students which formed the population of the study. Instrument of the study is a questionnaire designed by the researcher’s, tagged Effect of Social Media on Student’s Academic Performance (ESMSAP). The instrument was divided into two sections. Section one comprises of the student demographic characteristics; such as (age and gender). While section two is on effects of social media on student academic performance. Descriptive statistics of frequency counts and percentage’s, were used to analyse the demographic data, while t-test and Pearson product moment correlations was used in testing the research hypotheses. Findings on the exposure of the respondents to social media revealed that all the respondents were exposed to social media. Results further showed that there was no significant gender difference in time spent on social media, and that time and age does not have significant effect on social media usage in relation to student academic performance in University of Maiduguri.  It was therefore concluded that social media participation was negatively related with students’ academic performance, while the other independent variables were positively related with students’ outcome.  It was further concluded that time and age does not have significant effect on social media usage in relation to student academic performance in University of Maiduguri. Based on the result of the findings it was therefore recommended that social media should be used for educational purposes as well; Social Networking Sites should be expanded and new pages should be created to enhance academic activities and avoid setbacks in the undergraduate students’ academic performance.

 

Keywords: Social media, Undergraduate Students and Academic Performance

 

 

INCLUSION OF PEACE EDUCATION IN THE NIGERIA NATIONAL CURRICULUM AS A CORRELATE TO 21ST CENTURY SECURITY CHALLENGES

 

 

SAIDU, ISAH               

Faculty of Education, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria

 

Abstract

Education is a veritable tool for the development of a society. It is used to solve societal problems as they emanate while preparing individuals who will entrench peaceful and harmonious co-existence irrespective of any difference that exist amongst them. This paper is coming at a better time considering the moral decadence and bigotry (religion, politics or ethnicity) bedeviling Nigerian state, hence the need for inclusion of a programme that is that aimed at teaching individuals the information, attitudes, norms, values, and behavioral competencies needed to live successfully with others, to resolve conflicts without violence, to build and maintain mutually beneficial relationships among the citizenry. Peace education is a holistic process through which individuals at different stages engage in sustained learning activities to manage personal and social conflicts in their life. Mainstreaming peace education into the curriculum of all tires of educational institutions as a compulsory general course of study for all students. It is a well-structured and sustained for behaviours change that are both activity based, well structured and if sustained among the individuals at different stages through specific approaches will enhance better security in Sub-Saharan nation like Nigeria. The paper suggests that peace education be included into the Nigeria curricular from the primary school level up to the tertiary institutions.

 

Keywords: Peace, Education, Peace Education,

 

 

HUMAN RESOURCE ADMINISTRATION IN THE ACADEMIC LIBRARIES

 

 

*OGUNBOTE, KEHINDE OLUBUNMI **SAHABI, MUHAMMAD KABIR ***AAKIA NASIR KABARA

*Abraham Adesanya Polytechnic Ijebu Igbo, Ogun State/ Babcock University Ilishan **University Library, Kaduna State University, Kaduna ***University Library, Kano University of science and technology, wudil, Kano-Nigeria

 

Abstract

Human Resource Administration plays very important role in any organization which facilitates the most effective use of employees to achieve the objectives of any organization. Human resources has increasingly become part of a more strategic approach to integrating Human Resource Administration activities and may also be seen as a generic term covering a variety of activities through which organizations seek to consider employees and develop their competence, enhance performance. This paper will review the HR function at the university level, then evaluate specific structures of the academic library within this broader organization and put forward ways of improving future human resources Administration in academic libraries.

 

Keywords: Academic Libraries, Human Resources, Human Resources in Academic Libraries, and HR Administration

 

 

SOCIAL MEDIA AND ITS IMPACTS ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS STUDENTS IN NIGERIA

 

 

*JACOB DAVID GOFWAN, **IDRIS IBRAHI, & ***YAKUBU BALA

*Department of General Studies, ASCOE, Azare **Department of Curriculum & Instructions, ASCOE, Azare ***Department of Primary Education, ASCOE, Azare.

 

Abstract

Social media usage is being swiftly increasing during the last few years. It is not only being used by the working class but also there is heavy rise in its use by the students. Use of social media has created a positive impact on the society. With the help of the internet, all the social sites and various applications are available which can be accessed easily, allow users to converse and interact with each other, create, edit and share new forms of textual, visual and audio content. It has a vital influence on our lives as it helps a lot in every field of life such as politics, economics and education. As time passes by, social media has permeated today’s society with millions engrossed, resulting in unhealthy addiction. This unhealthy addiction can lead to change in social and personal lifestyle both academically and off-academic. This paper therefore, seeks to examine the influence of social media on the academic performance of students of tertiary institutions in Nigeria. It examines briefly the concept of social media, history of social media, effects of social media on the society, impact of social media on education, influence of social media on students’ academic performance. The descriptive survey design was adopted for this paper, using questionnaire as the instrument adapted. The paper further proffers some recommendations that can help curtail the adverse effects of social media on students’ academic performance.

Keywords: Social media, academic performance, student, tertiary institution, impact.

 

 

METHODS OF ART TEACHING AND THE CHALLENGES OF QUALITY TEACHERS PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA

 

 

ALKALI DUBA DUNGA

Fine and Applied Arts Department, College of Education, Azare

 

ABSTRACT

The paper titled methods of teaching art and the challenges of quality teachers production in Nigeria traces the origin of art right from the existence of man’s creation on earth; it defines art as observed by some authors; it also defines the concept of teaching as the action to  imparting knowledge to learners and listed some specific  teaching skills; the paper stresses or expatiates on ideal methods of teaching like demonstration method, project, co-operative, problems solving methods etc, it also dilates on the principles of good teaching like motivation, lesson planning, the power of  suggestion, encouragement, positive encouraging attitude democratic leadership, professional status, evaluation, conclusion and references.

 

Keywords: Teaching, Challenges, Quality, Production, Nigeria.

 

 

INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AND OFFICE MANAGEMENT: PROSPECTS AND CHALLENGES FOR STUDENTS IN TERTIARY INSTITUTION IN NIGERIA.

 

 

*NURADEEN YAKUBU MOHAMMED **YAHAYA SHEHU MOHAMMED **MUHAMMAD SANI MUSA

*Registry Department Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi **Business Administration and Management Department, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi

 

ABSTRACT

The current trend in Office Management has made Information technology indispensable in this modern age. Though, new innovations and technologies are being introduced on daily basis, there are still certain challenges that are being faced in Nigeria and generally, the developing countries, in the course of coping with the global demand. Also, considering the expectations required of students studying Office Technology Management in tertiary institutions by the larger society. There is the need for a review paper that will bring to fore the various prospects of IT and challenges in Office management.

 

Keywords: Challenges, Information,, Management, Prospects, Technology.

 

 

EDUCATION AS A VERITABLE TOOL FOR NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA: ISSUES AND CHALLENGES

 

 

KADIR MUMINI

Economics Department, Kwara State College Of Education, P.M.B 1527, Ilorin.

 

ABSTRACT

For decades, Nigeria education system has witnessed a number of challenges that mitigate it from meeting the needs and aspirations of the society. The system of education vis-a-vis the formal and informal education plays significant roles in achieving National developmental integration. The paper dwell on the formal system of education with regards to the link between education and national development. The paper also highlights the prospects as well as the challenges confronting the Nigerian education system. The study concludes by making suggestion on the possible ways of improving the education system in order to advance the objective of national development.

 

Keywords: Education, National Development, Challenges, Formal and Informal Education e.t.c

 

 

MODELING THE INFLUENCE OF SELECTED KEY HUMAN FACTORS ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE. (A CASE STUDY OF DELTA STATE POLYTECHNIC OTEFE-OGHARA)

 

 

ELUGWU, F1&3., ODIOR, K. A.2, AND NWAEZEIGWE, T3.

1Department of Computer Science, Delta State Polytechnic, Otefe-Oghara, Nigeria. 2Department of Statistics, Delta State Polytechnic, Otefe-Oghara, Nigeria.

 

Abstract

The study is aim at examining and investigating the influence of selected key human factors on academic performance of students in Delta state Polytechnic Otefe – Oghara. The statistical tool of multiple regression was employed to model the relationship between academic performance of students in terms of the Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) as function of hours spent per week in reading, age of student, class attendance and feeding allowance. The data utilized in the study was collected using structured questionnaire that were distributed to students randomly selected from different Departments of the Delta State Polytechnic Otefe-Oghara  using SPSS 16.0. The fitted multiple regression model is specified as. The findings revealed that hours spent in reading per week, attendance to class and feeding allowance are statistically related/associated with academic performance while age do not. It was equally revealed that X1, X3 and X4 are statistically significant while X2 is not statistically significant at the given level. The coefficient of determination of of 55% suggest the model is fairly adequate which establish the fact that at least one of the independent variable is redundant.

 Key words: Academic performance, hours spent week in reading, age, feeding allowance, multiple regression model.

 

 

EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION AND STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE: EVIDENCE FROM OSUN STATE POLYTECHNIC, IREE, NIGERIA

 

 

IJIWOLE, A A (PH.D) 1, ODEBIYI,I. PAUL2,  ADEBAYO, T.O1

1School of Vocational & Technical Education, Osun State Polytechnic, Iree, Nigeria 2Department of General Studies, Osun State Polytechnic, Iree, Nigeria

 

Abstract

Communication is a dominant factor affecting the academic achievements of the students. Good communication skills not only important for a lecturer but it is also very important for students to promote their academics. This study examined the effect of effective communication on students’ academic performance with particular reference to Osun State Polytechnic, Iree, Nigeria. Purposive sampling technique was employed to select 20 students each from six Faculties (Financial Studies, Management Studies, Science, Engineering, Information and Communication Technology, Environmental and Vocational Studies) totaling 120 respondents as a sample size for the study. Data were analyzed with the aid of mean, Analysis of Variance, Chi-Square and ordinary Least Square method. Result revealed that lecturers’ knowledge and skills level of communication has significant impact on students’ academic performance. Furthermore, result also showed that teaching/learning materials provided by lecturers in Osun State Ploytechnic, Iree have significant impact on students’ academic performance. Subsequently, study therefore recommended that the communication skills course should be sustained because of its potential benefits to students.

 

Keywords: Communication, academic performance, skills, knowledge, Student, Teaching

 

 

THE ROLE OF INTERNET IN CARRYING OUT LIBRARY FUNCTIONS

 

 

AHMED ALIYU BOBO

Department of Library and Information Science, School of Vocational and Technical Education, Abubakar Tatari Ali Polytechnic Bauchi

 

Abstract

The paper investigated the various roles performed by the internet in carrying out library functions. Therefore, library is the pivot on which academic activities in institutions of higher learning revolve. The main functions performed by libraries are provision of information resources, organization and making the information resources available to users. With the emergence of e-library or virtual libraries and shift from paper to paperless. Internet is one of the 21st century information resource designed for all of us to use. Internet is the largest reservoir of all types of information. Higher education now highly dependent on the internet. Therefore, students and researchers are encouraged to use the internet services available to update their knowledge. The internet allows you to search and retrieve information in a user friendly environment.

 

Keywords: Role, Internet, Carrying, Library, Function.

 

 

STRATEGIES FOR IMPROVING EFFECTIVE IMPLEMENTATION OF TECHNICAL VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING PROGRAM AMONG TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS IN NIGERIA

 

 

*IMBORIVUNGU, TERKIMBI EMMANUEL **KPANDAM, PETER YOHANNA ***KURANEN-JOKO DORCAS NGUHEMEN

*University Of Agriculture Makurdi, Demonstration Secondary School **Department Of Technical Education, College Of Education Akwanga, Nasarawa State ***Department Of Home And Rulal Economics, Akperan Orshi College Of Agriculture Yandev, Benue State

 

Abstract

The main purpose of technical vocational education and training TVET is to provide skilled manpower in applied science, engineering technology and commerce to operate, maintain and sustain the Nation’s economic activities for rapid socio-economic development. TVET is designed to impart necessary skills and competencies leading to the production of craftsmen, technicians and technologists, who will be enterprising and self-reliant. The 21st century Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET) is faced with many challenges ranging from inadequate funding, lack of facilities and man power. These lacks have created a huge gap between TVET graduates and the world of work. To bridge the cap the study focused on ways of improving found for proper implementation of TVET in Nigerian tertiary institutions. The paper focus on the concept technical vocational education and training in Nigeria tertiary institutions, study facilities for effective implementation of TVET in Nigerian tertiary institutions and improving funding for effective implementation of TVET in Nigerian tertiary institutions. The study concluded that the skill gap between TVET graduates and the industries could be reduced if communities, industries, alumina, internal generated revenue among others involve in the funding of TVET programs in Nigeria tertiary institutions. The study recommended that promoters of UNESCO-Nigeria TVET Project should engage communities and industries and, philanthropists as significant players in TVET. Equally should state and federal government make laws that will prevail on communities, industries and philanthropists to fund TVET in Nigeria.

 

Keywords: Improving Funding, Implementation of Technical Vocational Education and Training and Tertiary Institutions in Nigeria

 

 

APPRAISING THE AVAILABILITY AND USE OF INFORMATION COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) AMONG ADMINISTRATORS IN     A. D. RUFA’I COLLEGE FOR LEGAL & ISLAMIC STUDIES MISAU, BAUCHI STATE

 

 

SHITU ABDULLAHI LAME1* FATIMA MAIKUDI ABUBAKAR2**

Computer Science Department, A. D.  Rufa’i CLIS- Misau, Bauchi State, Nigeria

 

Abstract

Humanity is currently in an electronic age which is characterized by bridging the gap between distance and time, giving way to information revolution built around information and communication. Therefore, the study aimed at appraising the availability and use of ICT among administrators in A. D. Rufa’i College for Legal and Islamic Studies Misau of Bauchi State. A cross-sectional survey design was used. Using a random sampling technique, a sample of 95 administrators (consisting of academic and non-academic staff) was drawn from the population. Three research questions were asked one hypothesis was formulated. Data were collected using A Structured Administrator’s Use of ICT Questionnaire (AUIQ) on administrator’s computer literacy and internet operation, administrator’s use of internet resources for administrative affairs, and the availability of computer with internet connectivity in the College. The data were analysed using percentage and chi-square statistics to answer the research questions and test the hypothesis respectively. The findings revealed that majority of the administrators lack computer knowledge and could not browse the internet as such they were unable to search for internet resources. It was also revealed that only few of the college administrators had computer with internet connectivity. Lastly, some recommendations were given towards achieving the effective use of ICT resources for successful school administration.

Keywords: Appraising, ICT, Availability, Administrators, Internet.

 

 

THE IMPACT OF INTERNET ON STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN NIGERIA TERTIARY INSTITUTION (CASE STUDY OF FEDERAL POLYTECHNIC MUBI, ADAMAWA STATE)

 

 

1BULUS L.D., 1ADAMU G. M., 1MUSTAPHA K. & 2WADZANI A. GADZAMA

1Department of Computer Science, Federal Polytechnic, Mubi, PMB 35 Mubi-Adamawa State. 2ICT Unit Federal Polytechnic, Mubi, PMB 35 Mubi-Adamawa State.

 

ABSTRACT

This paper examines the extent of usage on internet among tertiary institution, and how this has affected their performance. Internet is indeed a powerful tool for academics, students and researchers. The internet has influence the academic performance of  tertiary institution students positively, technology has a positive impact on students learning, it causes students to be more engaged thus, students often retain information because of the arrival of new technologies rapidly occurring globally, technology provides meaningful learning experience, also provides hand-on learning opportunities that can be integrated into all school curriculum areas including science as well as other academic fields of study. It gives student opportunities to collaborate with their peers resulting in learning from each other. These factors combined can lead to a positive impact on student learning and motivation, for this reason technology is a factor improving student performance. The prevalent daily use of technology in people’s lives overall makes the use of technology very relevant to the students and provides a connection that will greatly benefit student learning and performance.  

 

Keyword: Internet, Students, Academic, Performance ,Tertiary & Institution.

 

 

CHALLENGES FACING EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH IN NIGERIA/AFRICA

 

 

ABDULLAHI D.   MAMMAN

Federal Polytechnic Bali, Department of General Studies, School of General and Management Studies, Taraba State

 

Abstract

This paper converse on the Challenges Facing Educational Research in Nigeria/Africa. The research is an art of scientific investigation. Research comprises defining and redefining problems, formulating hypothesis or suggested solutions; making deductions and reaching conclusion; and at last carefully testing the conclusions to determine whether they fit the formulating hypothesis. In sharp contrast to what obtains in the developed nations, research in the developing nations is yet to attain an impressive status. Many problems bedevil research indeveloping countries in which Nigeria is one. There are one thousand and one problems militating against conducting purposeful research in Nigeria/Africain particular and in all developed Countries. The materials and extracts for this study were collected from conference papers, seminar papers, journals and National newspapers. The imagined issue were extracted and analyzed critically

 

Keywords: Challenges, Facing, Educational, Research, Nigeria/Africa.

 

 

PARENTS MOBILIZATION TOWARDS SEXUALITY EDUCATION IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN BAUCHI STATE NIGERIA

 

 

ARDO MAJI ALIYU

School Of Education, Department Of Psychology, Aminu Saleh College Of Education, Azare, Bauchi State.

    

Abstract

The study is aimed at finding out Knowledge and Perception of Sexuality Education among Parents of Secondary School Students in Bauchi State. Survey research was used in the study. The population of the study is comprised of male and female parents in Bauchi state. A Stratified and random sampling techniques were used. A questionnaire was developed by the researcher. It was validated and pilot tested for reliability. The statistics was used to analyzed the data. A sample size of 373 parents served as respondents. The major finding of the study revealed that parents do not have sufficient knowledge of sexuality education. Based on the research finding, it was recommended among others that, parents need to be educated about sexuality education through the media, counselling, and community health services which can help in mobilizing them with accurate information about the risks associated with sexual activity among secondary school students.

 

Keywords: Parents, Education, Sexuality, Secondary, Mobilization.

 

 

CHALLENGES OF EDUCATION IN THE RURAL COMMUNITIES IN SUB-SAHARA REGION: A CASE STUDY OF GANJUWA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF BAUCHI STATE

 

 

*AYUBA KALURI *BALA ADAMU KUBI AND **UMAR ABDULLAHI

*Ganjuwa Local Education Authority, Bauchi State **Department Of Islamic Studies, College Of Islamic And Legal Studies, Misau

 

Abstract

The focused on the challenges of education in the rural communities in Sub-Saharan region a case study of Ganjuwa Local Government Area. A Sub-Saharan community continues to fall behind other developing regions regarding educational attainment, despite recent progress in enrollment. Education is fundamental to growth and development, and serves as critical indices to measure progress of development agenda. Therefore, deliberate effort should be made to develop the sector particularly in rural areas. This will include provision of educational infrastructures and facilities, sustainable curriculum and policies, employment of more academic staff, strengthening oversight function on educational facilities and scholarship for students. Education is the most powerful tool of reducing poverty, ensuring peace and stability and advancing a people through inventions. In order to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), a special effort must be devoted in promoting rural development and fostering better living conditions of the rural communities across the Local Government.

 

Key words: Education, Rural Communities, Sub-Sahara

 

 

CONTINUING PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT AND INNOVATIVE TEACHING-LERNING PROCESS AMONG PRIMARY HEALTH CARE TUTORS IN HEALTH TRAINING INSTITUTIONS, NIGERIA

 

 

*SENI JAMES BARKA, **RAKIYA MUKTAR, ***ABDULLAHI SABO MUHAMMAD, PHD

*Gombe State College of Health Sciences and Technology, Kaltungo, Gombe State. **Kano State School of Health Technology, Bebeji, Kano State. ***Department of Education (Technical, College of Science and Technology, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna

 

Abstract

The current research was conducted to ascertain the perception of the influence of Continuing Professional Development on the PHC Teachers innovative teaching-learning process in Nigeria. Six research questions and hypothesis were formulated to direct the investigation. A descriptive survey research design was used for the study.  Total enumerative (census) sample method was used to recruit the participants during national workshops organized in three centres. A structured questionnaire was developed and utilized as instrument for data collection made-up of 32 items structured on modified four-point Likert rating format consist of three sub-scales. The reliability of the instrument computed using Cronbach alpha technique produced an index of .86. The data was analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. The results indicated PHC tutors participation in CPD in Nigeria was very high. The levels of skills acquired and utilized in CPD and used in teaching-learning process are equally high. Based on these findings, recommendations were made among which is to organize periodic in-house workshops, seminars and conferences in order to be abreast of the current innovations in Community Health Profession as well as integrate skills learned from such CPD programs into their teaching-learning process to be of benefits to their teeming students as prospective Community Health Care Practitioners.

 

Keywords: Professional, Development, Primary Health Care, Tutors, Teaching-learning process

 

 

EFFECTS OF ENHANCED CONVENTIONAL LECTURE METHOD AND GENDER ON STUDENTS’ ACHIEVEMENT IN BASIC SCIENCE

 

 

*BABAYEMI, J.O., Ph.D; **AHMED, A.A

*Department of Science Education,, Faculty of Education, Akwa Ibom State University, P.M.B. 1167, Ikot Akpaden, Mkpat Enin Local Government, Akwa Ibom State.**Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo, Oyo State

 

Abstract

This paper investigated the effects of enhanced Conventional Lecture Method {Conventional Lecture Method + PowerPoint (ELM)} and Gender on Students’ Achievement in Basic Science. A pretest-posttest quasi experimental design was adopted. The sample consisted of 404 JSS II Students from six schools randomly selected in three Educational Zones in Oyo State. Three instruments used were-Teachers’ Instructional Guide for Enhanced Conventional Lecture Method, Teachers’ Instructional Guide for Conventional Lecture Method and Students’ Achievement Test (r=0.74). Three hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. Data were analysed using ANCOVA and mean scores. Results showed that treatment had significant main effect on achievement {F (2,404) =206.18; p<.05; ᵑ2=.52}. Gender had significant main effect on achievement {F (1, 404) =3.98; p<.05}; ᵑ2=.01). There was no significant two-way interaction effect of treatment and gender on achievement (F (2, 404) =.741; p>.05; ᵑ2=.004). Enhanced Conventional Lecture Method is therefore, recommended to be adopted by Basic Science teachers and curriculum planners.

 

Keywords: Achievement, Basic Science, Conventional Lecture Method, Gender, PowerPoint

 

 

EXPLORING NCEII STUDENTS SHORT-TERM EFFECT OF FIELDTRIP ACTIVITIES ON; KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDE TOWARD BIOLOGY IN COLLEGES OF EDUCATION KANO, NIGERIA.

 

 

MAMUDU SAMSON TOYOSI

Biology Education Dept Federal College of Education (T) Bichi P.M.B. 3473 Kano.

 

ABSTRACT

Field trips are ideal for increasing students’ experience and perceptions of various organisms and their relationship between the original habitats. However, in general field trips are greatly neglected by teachers and their exploring short-term effects are thought to be questionable. Therefore, we conducted a one-day field trip for both improving students’ knowledge in ecology and for examining short-term effects on attitude and knowledge in colleges of education in Kano. Based on the results of the research conducted 3 days after the trip, we found a significant and positive increase in students’ attitudes toward biology, natural environment outside and future career in biology. Moreover, students displayed a better understanding of ecology concepts like ecosystems and food webs. However, no similar pat­tern was observed for the control group experienced only traditional biology settings. Thus, this study is unique showing significant effects of a field trip on students’ attitude and knowledge toward biology.

 

Keywords: attitudes; ecology; field trip

 

 

STAFF TRAINING NEEDS ASSESSMENT IN RAMAT POLYTECHNIC MAIDUGURI, BORNO STATE, NIGERIA

 

 

*SANI MUSTAPHA KURA *AISHATU MUSA **ADDA GANA BUKAR

*Department Of Social Work, Ramat Polytechnic, Maiduguri, P.M.B.1070, Borno State, Nigeria **Department Of Industrial and Labour Relations, Ramat Polytechnic, Maiduguri, P.M.B. 1070, Borno State, Nigeria

 

ABSTRACT

This study is on an evaluation of staff training needs assessment in Ramat polytechnic, Maiduguri, Borno State. Staff training and development means the provision of facilities and opportunities for people to perform the jobs for which they are employed and to develop their own personal potentials to meet their present and future needs in line with organizational objectives. Several studies have been conducted on training activities in Ramat Polytechnic, Maiduguri. These range from staff study leave arrangement, staff conference/workshop attendance to the Education Trust Fund staff development system. However, these studies are silent on training needs assessment. The general objective of the research was to evaluate staff training needs assessment in Ramat Polytechnic. The specific objectives were to identify the types of training needs of the Ramat Polytechnic staff, evaluate whether and how the training is assessed and to assess staff satisfaction with the training they have received. The study utilized both primary and secondary sources of data. The primary data were derived from the questionnaire and In-depth Interview, while the secondary data was obtained from review of relevant literatures such as documents from Ramat Polytechnic, Maiduguri.

Keywords: Training, Training needs, Training Evaluation, Staff Training Analysis

 

 

IMPACT OF COOPERATIVE LEARNING STRATEGY ON STUDENT’S ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN BASIC SCIENCE IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN RIVERS STATE

 

 

NWALA LONGINUS Ph.D

Department of Integrated Science, Faculty of Natural and Applied Sciences, Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Port Harcourt.

 

ABSTRACT

The study examined the impact of cooperative learning strategy on students’ academic performance in Basic Science in Obio/Akpor Local Government Area. It also determined how moderating variables like sex and perception affect students performance in Basic Science when cooperative learning was used as an instructional strategy. The study adopted a quasi experimental pre-test post test non randomized control group design. The sample of the study included 40 students in the experimental group and 80 students in the control group. The 120 students were drawn randomly from a population of 1015 obtained from two schools, selected. Also, a validated questionnaire “students perception of cooperative learning (SPCL)” and test score (Pre-test; posts test) of the students in both groups were the instrument used in data collection. To guide the study three research questions and three hypotheses were formulated. The mean, standard deviation and t-test were used to analyse the research questions while the hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance level. The major findings of the study include: a significant higher performance score of students in cooperative learning strategy than those in the traditional lecture method, a non significant difference in achievement test score between male and female students in cooperative group, and a non significant difference in the perception of male students and the female students. Based on the findings, the following recommendations were made: cooperative learning strategy is a veritable tool toward enhancing students academic performance, teachers especially those in the field of science should therefore realistically adjust to the use of this technique in their classroom interaction with the students. Cooperative learning strategy brings about positive interpersonal relationship, higher academic performance as well as individual and group accountability among students. Therefore students should accept and increase their perception and participation in classroom activities, involving cooperative learning strategy. The government should make policies that will promote teachers choice of cooperative leaning strategy over other conventional methods of teaching. Curriculum planners should enshrine in the curriculum, the use of cooperative learning strategy in the teaching of some vital concept across various subjects and level of education. The general society should realize that through cooperative work and collaborative thinking we can proffer better solutions to the numerous human problems.

 

 

ANALYSIS OF INTER-LIBRARY COOPERATION PRACTICE IN UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES: A STUDY OF UNIVERSITY OF JOS LIBRARY.

 

 

1JACOB, EMMANUEL ENEOJO, 2ADUROGBOYE, OKIKI

1,2Library and Information Science Unit, Department of Social Science Education, Faculty of Education, University of Jos.

 

ABSTRACT

This Study was conducted on Analysis of Inter-Library Cooperation Practice in University Libraries: A Study of University of Jos Library. Three (3) Objectives were formulated to guide the study which includes to: Ascertain the beneficiaries of University of Jos Library’s Inter Library Cooperation services; Identify types of Resources mostly shared in Inter Library Cooperation and Identify Challenges associated with Inter Library Cooperation arrangements. Research method adopted was survey method, with an instrument of a self-administered questionnaire. 56 copies of questionnaire were administered to the sample size randomly selected from the population of 67 out of which 49 were filled, returned and found usable. Method of Data Analysis adopted for this research was the use of Frequency count and simple percentages. The findings revealed that the University of Jos Library often share resources with other Libraries but rarely borrow resources from other Libraries. University of Jos Library Shares resources with some benefitting Libraries like: Academic Libraries, Polytechnic Libraries, College of Education Libraries, among others. The type of Material mostly shared include: Open Source Software, Books, Interlibrary Lending and Documents Delivery, among others but not Selective Dissemination of Information, Shared cataloguing, among others and the Challenges Associated with Inter Library Cooperation in University of Jos Library includes: Inadequate funding, Passiveness of participating libraries, Lack of adequate resources to share, among others. Based on the findings, various recommendations were also made.

 

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