JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY EDUCATION RESEARCH VOL. 8 NO.6 (BJCER)


JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY EDUCATION RESEARCH VOL. 8 NO.6

ISSN: 1930-6681 DEC-2018

Published by:

Berkeley Research and Publications International,

Bayero University, Kano, PMB 3011, Kano State, Nigeria.

Nigeria, West-Africa. +234-708-717-3247

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PAPERS:


R

OLES OF SCHOOL INSPECTION ON EFFECTIVE MANAGEMENT OF NIGERIAN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN THE 21ST CENTURY

 

 

Umar MUHAMMAD (PhD), Abdulrafiu Omotayo BOLATITO

Department of Educational Foundations, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto

 

ABSTRACT

E

very organization either corporate or otherwise including the school exists essentially to achieve certain stated objectives. There is no way the goals and objectives of an organization can be achieved without putting in place certain mechanisms towards ensuring its success. In the school system, one of the mechanisms to be put in place towards achieving the goals of the school is supervision. This paper therefore examined the meaning of supervision, instructional supervision and the role of supervisor. The paper also, examined major challenges of instructional supervision in secondary schools and the way forward. Recommendations were made on how to ensure effective supervision of instruction in secondary schools.

 

Keywords: Supervision, Instructional supervision and Secondary education.

 

 

 

ASSESSMENT OF CATALOGUING AND CLASSIFICATION COURSE IN TWO LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SCIENCE SCHOOLS IN NORTH-EAST, NIGERIA

ISHAKU ABUBAKAR ADAMU (CLN)

Abubakar Tafawa-Balewa University, Bauchi

ABSTRACT

C

ataloguing and classification of information resource can be the responsibility of professional librarians; various tools including Library of Congress Classification Scheme, Dewey Decimal Classification Scheme and Library of Congress Subject Heading, Anglo America Cataloguing Rules are used. Information resources are useless when access is not provided; this fundamental function is within the concept of cataloguing and classification. Thus, cataloguing and classification is an essential process that provide access to all acquired information resources of the library for it allows people to find information needed for their personal and professional growth and development. It also provides access points to information resources in a way that users will be able to find the need information or resources, with this, the study determine cataloguing and classification skills of library and information science students which is centered on Analysis of Cataloguing and Classification course in library and information science department ATBU, Bauchi and MAUTECH YOLA.

 

Keys: Cataloguing, Classification, Assessment, Information science and Library schools

 

 

 

FFECTS OF STUDENTS’ ATTITUDE ON THEIR ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN BIOLOGY IN SELECTED PRIVATE SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN JOS NORTH, PLATEAU STATE, NIGERIA

  1. FRIDAY JOHN, MAILAYA JOJI MASOYI, ABDULLAHI NUHU SANI, AND BASHIR MOHAMMED RANCCAS

Department of Science and Technology Education, University of Jos, Jos, Nigeria

ABSTRACT

T

his study examined the effects of students’ Attitude on their academic performance in biology in selected private secondary schools in Jos North. The population/sample for the study were Eighty (80) SSS III Biology students comprising of 40 males and 40 females were randomly drawn from five selected secondary schools in Jos North Local Government Area of Plateau State. Three (3) Research questions were answered in the study and two (2) hypotheses were tested at a significant level of 0.05. The instruments used to collect relevant data from the students were questionnaire (tagged; students Biology Attitude questionnaire (SBAQ) and Students Biology Performance Test (SBPT). Mean, t-test of independent sample and Pearson product moment correlation (r) statistical analysis was used to analyze the three null hypotheses formulated for the study. The result of the analysis revealed that: there is no significant correlation between attitude and academic performance in biology, there is a gender difference in attitude of students towards biology and there is no significant difference in academic performance in terms of gender. The recommendations deriving from this study includes; adequate laboratory work to make up for the classroom activities, encourage students to study biology and gender disparity should not be encourage in the teaching and learning of biology.

Keywords: Effects, Attitude, Performance, Private Secondary schools

 

 

 

PERCIEVED INSECURITY OF THE SCHOOL ENVIRONMENT AND DIFFICULTY IN CLASSROOM CONCENTRATION AMONG PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS IN MAIDUGURI METROPOLIS, BORNO STATE: IMPLICATION FOR COUNSELLING

UMARU ABDULLAHI

Department of Education Yobe State UniversityDamaturu

ABSTRACT

T

he paper examined perceived insecurity of the school environment and difficulty in classroom concentration among primary school pupils in Maiduguri metropolis of Borno state, Nigeria. Insecurity has to a large extent impacted negatively on the educational development of North eastern Nigeria, which Borno state is one of them. Two research questions guide the study and one null hypothesis was tested. The sample was randomly selected from 5 primary schools in Maiduguri metropolis. A sample of 250 primary school pupils (130 females and 120 males) from primary 4 and 5 were selected for the study. The instrument used was title Instrument for Perceived Security and Symptoms of Difficulty in Classroom Concentration (IPSSDCC) developed by the researcher. The results indicated signs of difficulty concentrating exhibited by primary school pupils in Borno state, teachers disagreed with My school is enclosed to forestall intruders. Female pupils show more signs of concentration difficulty in classroom compared to male pupils. It was conclude that Insecurity of the school environment makes learning very difficult for primary school pupils as they find it hard to concentrate on the classroom teaching. However, Counselling implications was provided as Counsellors should counsel the pupils, learn quickly and help the school to continue functioning during and after insecurity

Keywords: Insecurity, School, Environment, Difficulty and Concentration.

 

 

 

REDUTAINMENT AS A PANACEA FOR THE CHALLENGES OF NIGERIAN EDUCATION

1ETETE ALPHONSUS CHUKWUMA, 2GOTAN CLETUS TANIMU, AND 3EMEKA, DESMOND OZOJI

1Department of Christian Religious Studies, Federal College of Education, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria 2Faculty of Education, Department of Arts Education, 3Department of Special Education and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Jos, Nigeria.

ABSTRACT

T

he study is designed to investigate edutainment as a panacea for the challenges of Nigerian education. One research question and two hypotheses were raised to guide the study. The study adopted a quasi-experimental design, and employed the non-randomized pre-test, post-test non-equivalent control group design involving two groups of students. One group exposed to edutainment method with the control group not exposed to edutainment method. The population comprised of 4,550 students in 45 public and private secondary schools in Zaria Zonal Educational InspectorateBoard. The sample comprises of 120 SS II students from two secondary schools, 60 from each of the sampled schools, each of which was divided into experimental and control groups.Simple random sampling technique was used to select the schools while intact class sampling technique was used to select the classes and students. The paired sample t-test statistics showed that a significant difference exists between the pre-test and post-test scores of students taught with edutainment method as there was a significant increase in the mean scores of those taught with edutainment method. Thus, edutainment method positively impacted in the achievement of students. Recommendations such as teachers, administrations and curriculum planners should emphasize the use of edutainment method in teaching and formulating administrative policies in CRK curriculum in schools, among others are proffered.

 

 

 

BETWEEN MOTIVATION AND JOB PERFORMANCE OF NON-TEACHING STAFF OF TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS IN BAUCHI STATE

ARDO MAJI ALIYU

School of Early Childhood Care and Primary Education, Aminu Saleh College of Education, Azare, Bauchi State.

ABSTRACT

T

he research is an investigation on the assessment of relationship between motivation and job performance of non-teaching staff of tertiary institutions, in Bauchi state. The research use five major objectives to determine the cause of lack of interest in work, reason for nonchalant-attitude of staff to work and careless handling of school equipment. The research also set out to find out whether intrinsic motivation has relationship with the job performance and assess how extrinsic influence job performance. The study also find out whether there is gender difference in the level of motivation and job performance of the non-teaching staff of tertiary institutions of Bauchi state. The research adopted for this investigation was a survey research method. The population of the study was 878 of non- teaching staff while sample drawn was 381 staff from different institutions as follows:- ATAP (136), COE KANGERE (166), ASCOEA (94 and COEDASS (48). The results of null hypotheses tested showed that intrinsic motivation is significantly correlated with the job performance (p – 0.000), male did not differ significantly from their female counterparts on the motivation scores in the study (p – 0.907), among the recommendations proffered include management of the schools are recommended to put more emphasis on the intrinsic motivation for it’s likely to increase job performance. It is recommended that management of schools should realize the need for extrinsic motivation as it has significant relationship with performance of non-teaching staff in their job. It is also recommended that the management should understand gender did not differ significantly in terms of job performance and therefore, that should be supported. Government should also realize the value that motivation has in the life of workers and its impact to job performance.

Keywords: Assessment, motivation, Relationship, Job performance, Tertiary Institutions.

 

 

 

USE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) FOR YOUTH EMPOWERMENT IN NIGERIA

ZAINAB ADAMU ALIYU1*, SHITU ABDULLAHI LAME2**, FATIMA MAIKUDI ABUBAKAR3**, ALHASSAN MUAZU4***

1*Computer Science Department, Federal College of Education, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria. 2** Computer Science Department, A. D.  Rufa’i CLIS- Misau, Bauchi State, Nigeria 3*** Federal College of Education, (T), Bichi, Kano State, Nigeria.

ABSTRACT

T

oday, there is need to reposition the mental reasoning of Nigerian youths and economically empowered them in order to certify the demands of the modern world. Enlightening the Nigerian youths on the application of ICT is one of the veritable tools to achieve this objective. Unless the awareness directs the power and energy of Nigerian youths towards academic and productive goals, the country keeps on experiencing social vices, moral and academic degradation. In order for the youths in Nigeria to be info-empowered, there has to be awareness of the use of ICT for empowerment, greater access to ICT tools, and an obstructed free flow of information. This paper accessed the extent to which youths use ICTs for empowerment and proper application of ICTs is necessary in developing Nigeria.

Keywords: ICT, youth, empowerment, economy.

 

 

 

FUNCTIONAL EDUCATION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT:

A PANACEA TO UNEMPLOYMENT IN NIGERIA

GIDEON, VICTOR OLORUNFEMI  Ph.D

Nigerian Institute of Social and Economic Research (NISER)

ABSTRACT

F

unctional education consists of technical, vocational and entrepreneurship trainings that prepare the trainees to either be readily employable in the labour market or equips them with the competence for self-reliance and to make them become employer of labour. Functional education gives birth to a creative economy. Creativity is a key driver to a sustainable development in the global economy. However, in many nations creativity is not given much importance in the curricula, hence the graduates left school without competence for creativity and innovation. The consequence of this is that they would not be adequately prepared for the world of work. In today’s world of global competition and complex problems, creative intelligence and innovative capacity are basic requirements in the labour market. Creative intelligence and innovation should be part of the school curricula at all levels of Nigerian educational system. We need educational curricula that include exploration, problem solving and diversity. It is important that the educational system train students according to the needs in their respective societies. There is need for functional education for the promotion of progressive and productive nations. To this end school programs need to be relevant, practical, creative and innovative for the acquisition of appropriate skills and the development of mental, physical and social abilities and competences as equipment for the individual to live in and contribute to the development of the society. This paper is an appraisal of the challenges and prospects of functional education in the global economy and it recommends functional education for sustainable development as panacea to unemployment.

Keywords:  Functional education, Sustainable development, Panacea, Unemployment, Nigeria.

 

 

 

A

TTITUDE OF LEVEL 100 STUDENTS OF BAUCHI STATE UNIVERSITY GADAU TOWARDS UTME COMPUTER-BASED TESTING (CBT): A JOURNAL ARTICLE

*BABAYO MUHAMMAD OTHMAN, ** HABIBU ALHAJI

*School of Remedial and Continuing Education, A.D Rufa’i College for Legal and Islamic Studies, Misau, Bauchi State, Nigeria**Bayero University, Kano, Kano, Nigeria

T

Abstract

his paper examined the attitude of 100 level students of Bauchi State University Gadau, towards the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) – Computer-Based Test (CBT). Four research hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. Three hundred and thirteen (313) students were sampled from the total number of two thousand six hundred and seventy-nine (2679) students admitted for the 2016/2017 academic session. Ex-post factor research design was employed. A pro-forma was used to collect students’ CBT scores and developed a likert scale Questionnaire to determine the students’ attitude. To ensure the validity and reliability of the test instrument, Test re-test reliability of three weeks’ interval was later conducted. The results obtained were subjected to a Cronbach alpha and the overall reliability of the questionnaire returned an r = 0.84. A t-test and descriptive statistical tool was used to analyze the data. The findings of the study have revealed no significant difference between the Sciences and Arts students and male and female students’ attitude towards the CBT. In view of this some recommendations were made; Government should maintain CBT as good innovative examination device for entry into higher institutions of learning in Nigeria system of education. Ensure development of computer skills and knowledge to all the prospective test takers of the CBT, Provision of more computers and other needed facilities for the effective administration and scoring of the CBT.

Keywords: Attitude, Computer – Based Test (CBT), Paper – Pencil Test (PPT)

 

 

 

T

HE IMPACT OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY USAGE IN AD RUFAI COLLEGE FOR LEGAL AND ISLAMIC STUDIES MISAU, BAUCHI STATE

*MUHAMMAD HAMMA MANGA, ** ANAS ABDULLAHI

*H.O.D Department of library and information science AD Rufai college for legal and islamic studies misau **lecturer department of library and information science AD Rufai college for legal and islamic studies misau

ABSTRACT

T

his paper examined the impact of Information and Communication Technology in Ad Rufai College for Legal and Islamic Studies Misau College Library. A survey research method was employed to examine the impact of ICT facilities, level of use, problems encountered in the use of ICT facilities and the role of C.D ROM in information storage techniques in A.D Rufai College for Legal and Islamic Studies Misau College library, However the study was guided by four objectives and the research design adapted for the study was a survey Research and  four Research Questions in order to meet its objectives, primary data which consisted of a set of Questionnaire was designed and administered on the one hundred (100) sampled population which filled and returned within two weeks out of which some were missed. Tables were used for data presentation and analysis and indeed the data collected were analyzed using frequency counts and simple percentage.   

Keywords: Availability of ICT facilities, level of use of ICT facilities, problems encountered, role of CD Rom.

 

 

P

ARENTAL PERCEPTION AND OVERLEARNING OF PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN IN EARLY CHILDHOOD CENTRES IN RIVERS EAST SENATORIAL DISTRICT OF RIVERS STATE.

*DR. WORDU, ESTHER CHINEDU (PhD) **DR. EKPO, EKAETTE IDONGESIT (PhD) ***IWOWARI ANN IBIBA CHINTUO (PhD)

*Department of Early Childhood Care and Education, Federal College of Education (Technical), Omoku, Rivers State. **Department of Primary Education Studies and Early Childhood Education, Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Rumuolumeni, Port – Harcourt, Rivers State ***Faculty of Education, National Open University of Nigeria, Port Harcourt Study Centre, Rivers State.

ABSTRACT

T

oday’s world is knowledge driven and the awareness has resulted to overlearning of the pre-school children. Children are cossetted and pressured in the same measure. Overlearning is perceived from two dimensions namely, over certification and over tutoring. This study is concerned with the second dimension-over tutoring. Overlearning is not beneficial to the pre-school children in the later life achievements in terms of academic and labour acquisitions. Overlearning is a phenomenon in which a pre-school child feels burdened or oppressed by the weight of his or her learning. Overlearning of pre-school children is a burden both to the children who over attend not only regular school but a series of after school and holiday lessons that are run privately where they cram into their over stimulated brains and also a burden to the parents who have no choice than to do their children’s excessive homework. Parents perceive overlearning as a tool which deprives the children of play time. Therefore this paper was geared to determine the perception of parents towards long hours the children spend on learning, the excessive homework of the children and deprivation of play with a view to make recommendations to pre-school centres’ caregivers. These would restore fun and oust overlearning of the pre-school children in order to produce children who would develop holistically.

Keywords: Parental perception, overlearning, brain overstimulation, excessive homework, play deprivation and pre-school centres.

 

 

 

E

XPLORING THE INSTRUMENTALITY OF CAREER COUNSELLING IN BOLSTERING ENTREPRENEURIAL INTENTION, SKILLS AND CAREER ASPIRATION AMONG STUDENTS FOR SUSTAINABLE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA

HALIMA MU’AZU DALHATU

Guidance and Counselling Department, Federal College of Education, Zaria

ABSTRACT

C

areer Counselling is imperative in the contemporary Nigerian society as the quality of education system is measured by how well the graduates  are  absorb by employer of labour and those that are self –reliant due to the training. Thus, this paper explore the instrumentality of career counselling in bolstering entrepreneurial intention, skills and career aspiration among students for sustainable economic development in Nigeria by focusing on the factors that influence students’ entrepreneurial intention, skills and career aspiration,  such as, culture, social class,  role models, family occupation and personality development among others. The paper also discussed the instrumentality of career counselling in bolstering entrepreneurial intention,  skills and career aspirations  as well as the entrepreneurial Skills need to imparted through Career Counselling for Sustainable Economic Development  in Nigeria. In order to achieve this, it was recommended among others that, School authorities should strengthen entrepreneurial education and training to further to increase awareness and change the mind-set of the students and youths toward imbibing entrepreneurial intention, skills. This will help reduce over reliance on government and other formal sectors; Institutions of learning at all level should take a bold step of including the laudable programme of entrepreneurship education in their curriculum by setting up entrepreneurship development centres in schools; The establishment of counselling and human development centres in institutions of learning should be strengthen by government and other stakeholders in education. This will help to bolster career counselling and aspiration among students for sustainable economic development in Nigeria.

Keywords: Career Counselling, Entrepreneurial Intention and Skills, Career Aspiration and Sustainable Economic Development

 

 

 

I

MPACT OF TEACHING PRACTICE EXERCISE ON FORTUITOUS BIOLOGY TEACHERS EDUCATION FEDERAL COLLEGE OF EDUCATION TECHNICAL BICHI, KANO, NIGERIA.

*MAMUDU SAMSON,  **ALAIRU AMINAT.

*Toyosi biology department, **P.H.E. department fce (t) bichikano,

ABSTRACT

T

he study examines the influence of teaching practice Exercise on Technical Teacher Education Candidates at the Federal College of Education (t) Bichi, Kano. It examined how the exercise can improve their attitude and opinion about lesson preparation and delivery as well as general interest in teaching after exposure to the exercise. Three research questions were formulated. The study adopted the survey Design, A questionnaire titled ‘Student teachers attitude to opinion and interest teaching (STAOIT)’ was used for data collection. Three hundred twenty six student teachers which constituted the total number of students in Biology education 2001evel 2015/2016 academic session in this category who have not experienced any formal teaching were purposively chosen and made to respond to a questionnaire before and after the exercise. It was found out that the exercise improved the students’ attitude to lesson preparation, changed their opinion of lesson delivery for the better but did not improve their general interest in teaching. The study concludes that teaching practice exercise is a necessary component of teacher education programme that can assist especially the fortuitous biology candidate would-be teachers in the teaching profession

 

Key words, Teaching practices, Fortuitous biology teachers, low popularity, pre-service teachers, Grade II teacher training, lesson preparation

 

 

 

C

HALLENGES FACED BY TEACHERS ON USE OF MOTHER TONGUE IN TEACHING MATHEMATICS IN LOWER PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN YOLA SOUTH L.G.A

FATIMA ABDULWAHAB UMAR

Department of Early Childhood Care and Education, Federal College of Education, Yola, Adamawa State.

ABSTRACT

U

se of mother tongue (MT) as a medium of instruction is globally recommended for pupils in lower primary schools. The child MT should be the medium of instruction in learning in grades 1-3, because the fundamentals of mathematics concepts are introduced at this level. The purpose of the study was to investigate the challenges faced by teachers while using mother tongue in teaching mathematics. In this study, it was assumed that some teachers use mother tongue to improve the conceptualization of mathematics knowledge by pupils especially at the lower level of education. Descriptive survey research design was used to guide the study. The target population was teachers in lower primary schools in Yola Metropolis. The study employed random sampling techniques to select the sample for the study. Data was collected using questionnaire for teachers. A pilot study was carried out in two primary schools. Content validity was used to test the validity of the instruments. The reliability of the instruments was determined using test re-test method at a correlation coefficient (r) of 0.75. Qualitative method was used in analyzing data using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) to generate frequencies and means. Results were presented using tables, figures, and text. Results from the study revealed that, Differences in ethnic groups, inadequate parental supports and inadequate teachers training on the use of mother tongue among others were the major challenges faced by the respondents in the study area. It was recommended that Government should employ additional ethnic groups as teachers in collaboration with other relevant stakeholders and Government agencies should be organized on an annual basis. Sensitization programmed should be held on radio in other to make parents aware of the importance of using mother tongue in teaching and learning mathematics at lower basic primary schools in the study area. Teachers’ evaluation on the use of mother tongue should be conducted either by Government, school administration or private partners to assess the teachers’ ability and strengthen further their use of mother   tongue.

KEYWORDS: Teachers, Mother Tongue, Primary School, Challenges, Faced.

 

 

 

P

ROSPECTS AND CHALLENGES OF CLOUD COMPUTING APPLICATION IN HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS IN NIGERIA: A REVIEW

 

AYOADE, OLUSOLA BAMIDELE

Department of Computer Science, Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo

ABSTRACT

Cloud computing is a new computing paradigm that transforming the way researchers and developers access and use both computer hardware and software infrastructure and services.  Presently, Nigeria as a country is facing with challenges of both socio-economic and political problems which limit the ability of the government to invest in expensive information and communication infrastructures.  Higher education institutions in Nigeria such as colleges of education, polytechnics, institutes and universities are lagging behind their western counterparts due to lack of leading edge technology required for teaching, collaboration and research. Therefore, this study aimed at reviewing cloud computing, in terms of: (1) definition; (2) related work in cloud computing; (3) types of services provided by the cloud; (4) essential characteristics of cloud model; (5) cloud deployment models; (6) types of educational cloud computing based application and services; (7) benefits of cloud computing and (8) challenges facing the use of cloud computing in higher education institutions in Nigeria. The study recommends that higher education institutions in Nigeria could collaborate together with their western counterpart and share knowledge on cloud computing adoption and government should improve on the provision of stable electricity and acquired adequate ICT infrastructures for the sustainability of the cloud computing network.

Keywords:  AWS, CAD, Cloud Computing, CPU, GAE, ICT

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