INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HUMANITIES & SOCIAL SCIENCES VOL. 15 NO. 4 (IJHSS)
ISSN-1630-7276 (PRINT) DECEMBER, 2018.
Cambridge Research and Publications International,
Centre for African Humanity and Development Circle
(CAHDC), University of Nigeria, Nsukka,
Enugu State, Nigeria
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DRAMA AND THE MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SPIRITUAL ETHOS: A STUDY OF AHMED YERIMA’S IGATIBI
AKINWUMI OLUTOLA OLAFISAYO
Department of English and Literary Studies, Federal University, Oye-Ekiti
Literature captures every aspect of human life. One of this is the imperative of spiritual exploration. Generally, the manifestation of the spiritual ethos is depicted through the realm of the spiritual and supernatural within a community. Spiritualism is a positive and intriguing device by which people can see and explore something which is comforting. It is not about hunting ghosts or proving that there are haunted buildings. Though spirits exist in the African pantheon as forces which help to produce a residual energy, it is usually a compliment of ethos which is the character or disposition of the community, group, person, etc. that is, the underlying sentiment that informs the beliefs, customs or practices of a group or society; the dominant assumptions of a people or period. Against the above backdrop, this paper examines how a Nigerian playwright, Ahmed Yerima, champions the idea of individual survivalist tendencies in his writing as depicted in his play, Igatibi, which is a reflection of Nigeria’s socio-political reality. The paper’s thrust is: how religion determines the perception and thinking of the people in relation to the society and societal institutions. The paper showcases the spiritual inclination of the play by explicating the dramatization of a people’s ancestral past and indigenous cultural practices. This implies that there is a need to promote these practices and portray them in positive light against the negative perception of African pantheons as pagan practices which their own children must not be exposed to.
Keywords: Drama, manifestations, spiritual, ethos
TOWARDS ADDRESSING KERNEL PROBLEMS IMPINGING ON TEAMWORK IN NIGERIAN CIVIL SERVICE
BESONG, ERIC NDOMA
Department of Philosophy Federal University Lafia, Lafia, Nasarawa State, Nigeria
The near-absence of teamwork spirit in most Nigerian public servants is the bane of the factors that impinge on the smooth working together as a team in the Nigerian Public Service. This paper identifies and discusses the core factors that impinge on the smooth working together as a team in this sector. It also proffers scholarly solutions to the identified challenges. It reveals that the core impinging factors are ethnic, religious, linguistic, socio-cultural, educational and political factors; gender stereotype/discrimination, negative attitudes, misplacement of professionals, seniority palaver and poor interpersonal communication; and lack of public accountability, the deserving teamwork and expertise knowledge, staff (re)training and job (re)design. It basically recommends change in all regards by all and sundry, towards finding lasting solutions to these challenges. It submits that the factors are man-tailored and natural, individual and collective, personal and institutional and governments and citizens’ fault alike.
Keywords: Factors, Impinge on, Smooth, Working together, Nigerian, Public service
CONFLICT AND CRISES MANAGEMENT IN NIGERIAN UNIVERSITIES: IMPLICATION FOR STABILITY OF ACADEMIC CALENDAR
*DR. EMHENYA ANTHONY IYOHA **UMORU YAKUBU
*DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION,
Samuel Adegboyega University ,Ogwa **Department of Public Administration Auchi Polytecnic Auchi
Conflict is inevitable in every human societies, it common in both public and private organizations. Conflict occur among members of an organization in respective of the types and kinds, big or small, education or not education managers as coordinators must strive to reconcile differences of ideals. Administration therefore occurs in every organization goals of the educational institutions. The paper looks at the concept of conflict, its types, causes, functional aspect and handling styles of conflicts and its consequences on the school administration and policies. It however, recommended the way out of minimizing crises through adequate administration since it is inevitable in any human organization.
Keywords: Conflict, Crisis, Calendar, Management, University
A FRAMEWORK FOR E-HEALTH IN SMART CITIES FOR DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.
1YUSUF EPHRAIM CHIDAMA (PH.D.) & 2SULEIMAN MOHAMMED DAJI
1Department of Information Systems School of Information Technology and Computing (SITC) American University Nigeria (AUN) Lamido Zubairu Way Yola By-pass P.M.B 2250, Yola. 2Federal Polytechnic Mubi, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Mubi, Adamawa State
Some cities in developing countries such as Lagos, Accra, Kigali, Cape Town, Johannesburg etc. in Africa are evolving towards being Smart Cities because of emerging global trend and technological infrastructures available to them, this shows a significant level of internet penetration and mobile broadband availability in developing countries which in itself is a major prerequisite for cities to dream of being a Smart City. In developing countries especially in Africa have been plagued by diseases, such as HIV, meningitis, Ebola, diarrhea, malaria to mention some few that accounts for the loss of many lives annually and being battered by communicable and non-communicable diseases alike with the combined effects being a double burden. The posits adoption and usage of e-health and mobile health will greatly cut down the cost of health service delivery, improve quality and efficiency of the delivery and access to healthcare services in developing countries and in essence greatly reduce this menace, because research has proven that e-health is now a global pervasive tool in healthcare delivery system improvement. Furthermore, response to the research questions would give an insight into the availability or lack of an appropriate framework for e-health in developing countries as well as the e-health for smart cities in developing countries. The qualitative research case study approach will be deployed to study the empirical situation in some chosen healthcare centres in a Smart City and come up with the appropriate framework for the study. This will be done through interviews, documents study and participants observation.
Keywords: Developing, E-Health, Framework, Smart Cities and Countries.
THE CHALLENGES & PROSPECTS OF ONLINE CATALOGUING IN NIGERIA
BALA, SULEIMAN ABDUL
Department of Library and Information Science, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi
The paper discusses the challenges and prospects of online cataloguing in Nigeria. It further highlights the importance of online cataloguing as it affects information retrieval based on hands-on experience. The paper also highlights the merits and demerits of online cataloguing and its effect on Nigerian Libraries. The paper also draws attention to the challenges facing the libraries as they migrate to online cataloguing as one of their service, in addition, the paper discuses some of the prospects of the online cataloguing that libraries in Nigeria can emulate.
Keywords: online cataloguing, prospects, Nigeria.
ROLE OF E-GOVERNMENT IN NIGERIA: PROBLEM AND SOLUTION
*OGUNBOTE, KEHINDE OLUBUNMI, **SAHABI MUHAMMAD KABIRU
*Adesanya Polytechnic Ijebu Igbo, Ogun State/ Babcock University Ilishan Kehindeogunbote **University Library Kaduna State University, Kaduna
In the past, Nigerians are fond of struggling for the creation of local government areas so that government could be closer to them. However, the emergence of e-government has not only brought government closer but to the door step of all and sundry through the use of internet. E-government today has become an indispensable tool for effective and efficient delivery of government policies and services. It is an ICT- enabled route to achieving good governance through improved and unhindered government to citizens’ interactions usually being interrupted by administrative bureaucracy or bottleneck. Nigeria citizens have enjoyed the e-government policy to some extent in the areas such as e-education (which encompasses teaching, learning and administration of computer –based examination) and e-commerce (such as e-marketing). Usage of e-mail and social media platforms such as WatsApp have made it easier and faster for Nigerians to share useful information among office colleagues, family members, and social/ religious group members. However, there are some inadequacies in e-government operations in Nigeria which has not made the policy have significant impact on the citizenry due to some barriers. This paper discusses ICT and its indispensability to effective utilization of e-government and also highlights barriers to e-government in Nigeria and makes some recommendations.
Keywords: E-government, ICT, electronic, challenges, Nigeria
LES FAUX AMIS ENTRE LES LANGUES IGBO ET YORUBA
DR KATE N.N. NDUKAUBA
Abia State University, Uturu.
En traduction, les faux amis sont les mots qui, dans des langues différentes, semblent avoir le même sens mais qui en fait, ont des sens différents. Parfois, ils ont la même forme ou des formes identiques, ce qui peut dérouter un traducteur qui ne fait pas bien attention. Il peut y avoir des faux amis entre n’importe qu’elles langues en contact surtout pendant une activité traduisante. Dans cette communication, on compte relever les faux amis entre l’Igbo et le Yoruba, deux langues nigérianes qui appartiennent à la famille des langues dite Niger-Congo. On va parler des deux langues sous étude, discuter les causes des faux amis et les problèmes qui en découlent, et puis suggérer des moyens d’y faire face. Tout cela pour sensibiliser les apprenants et les professeurs des deux langues aussi bien que les traducteurs pour qu’ils fassent bien attention au cours de leur travail pour rester fidèle au sens de ce qui est dit, lu ou traduit.
Mots clés: traduction, langue, sens, fidélité, sémantique, orthographe.
DISCIPLINE AND DISCIPLINARY PROCEDURE IN THE NIGERIAN PUBLIC SERVICE: AN OVERVIEW
SULAIMAN SHEHU ESQ.
Public Administration Dept., School of Business Studies, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi, Nigeria.
Discipline and disciplinary procedure is one of the cardinal principles upon which Nigerian Public Service is built and sustained. Discipline and disciplinary procedures in the Nigerian Public Service is enshrined majorly in the Public Service Rules, 2008. The Rules aimed to ensure that the fundamental ethical issues in the Public Service are strictly adhered to. It is, therefore, aimed at entrenching the issues of transparency, accountability, justice, equity, due process and the rule of law. All these are very paramount to the conduct of Government business, which all Public Servants must imbibe. This Paper is a humble attempt to bring to the fore these provisions, the intending discipline they seeks to entrenched as well as the various procedures they intend to achieve that.
Key Words: Discipline, Disciplinary, Procedure, Nigeria, Public Service
UNE ÉTUDE POST-COLONIALE DE LA SECRÉTAIRE PARTICULIÈRE DEJEAN PLIYA
AKANDE, OLUBUKOLA ABOSEDE (Mme)
Département de Français, Ecoles des Langues, Emmanuel Alayande Collège d’Education, Oyo.
Ce papier est une étude postcoloniale de la Secrétaire particulière écrite en 1973 de Jean Pliya. Il est un drame de cinq actes qui décrit le statu socio-politique des pays africains surtout les fonctionnaires dans le service public du Bénin d’où vient l’auteur. L’objectif de ce travail est : de révéler les éléments du colonialisme au Bénin, d’examiner ses effets culturels, politiques et socio-économiques sur le colonisé et le colon et de décoloniser la tradition africaine à travers l’agence anti-colonialisme dans le texte. Ce papier utilise le néo-colonialisme pour faire analyser les thèmes tels que la corruption dans le service public, l’exploitation du Noir par le Noir, la décolonisation de culture africaine, le chômage et la scolarisation et le service public des filles dans la Secrétaire particulière. La conclusion révèle que les éléments du colonialisme existent toujours dans les cœurs, les pratiques et les conduits des fonctionnaires dans le service public du Bénin; que l’agence anti-coloniale est aussi toujours là pour réagir contre le néo-colonialisme et pour décoloniser la tradition de la terre.
Mots Clés : Étude postcoloniale, Le colonialisme, la Secrétaire particulière, Le postcolonialisme, Le néo-colonialisme et L’impérialisme.
MATRIACHAL FICTIONAL TRANSFER IN DENOUNCING PATRIACHAL DOMINATION: A PERSFECTIVE IN ABUBAKAR GIMBA’S SACRED APPLES
School of languages, A. D. Rufa’i College for Legal and Islamic Studies P.M.B. 004 Misau, Bauchi State
Trashy experience explicated by the acclaimed women writers does extensively posit the inundated infernal treatment engulfed the woman and the womanhood in the field of patriarchal domination. The bashful exposure of the woman has made a tandem and an overwhelming pandemonium in the approach of the skeptical horse profile of male authoritative autocracy at the current literal absoluteness of female representation. The saga, though tough and ailing disseminates the best enthusiastic feeling of humbleness and sympathy towards the frantic and oblivious status of women in the realities of camouflaged weariness of their obnoxious level in shouldering humanistic affairs, as the first principle for effective deception is prior credibility which the women wore long before the accreditation of the women writers and indeed their shielding protection.
Keywords: Acclaim, inferno, patriarchy, bashful, tandem, frantic, and obnoxious
YOUTH AND THE CHALENGES OF DEMOCRACY IN NIGERIA
ABDULLAHI D. MAMMAN
department of general studies, school of general and management studies Federal polytechnic bali
Democracy as a system of government has been restored in Nigeria for over a decade now and for it to be stabilised, all the stakeholders must be involved, and youths represent a very important stakeholder in any country. This work identifies the causes and challenges of democracy. Anchoring on the definition of youths, and the definition of democracy. The paper also highlighted on activities such as political thuggery, military, restiveness and other social vices. Really, youths have challenges when it comes to democracy. The paper also proffered solutions to the challenges of democracy among youths.
Keywords: Challenges, Thuggery, Restiveness
THE IMPACT OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY USAGE IN AD RUFAI COLLEGE FOR LEGAL AND ISLAMIC STUDIES MISAU, BAUCHI STATE
*MUHAMMAD HAMMA MANGA, **ANAS ABDULLAHI
*H.o.d department of library and information science Ad rufai college for legal and islamic studies misau ,**Lecturer department of library and information scienceAd rufai college for legal and islamic studies misau
This paper examined the impact of Information and Communication Technology in Ad Rufai College for Legal and Islamic Studies Misau College Library. A survey research method was employed to examine the impact of ICT facilities, level of use, problems encountered in the use of ICT facilities and the role of C.D ROM in information storage techniques in A.D Rufai College for Legal and Islamic Studies Misau College library, However the study was guided by four objectives and the research design adapted for the study was a survey Research and four Research Questions in order to meet its objectives, primary data which consisted of a set of Questionnaire was designed and administered on the one hundred (100) sampled population which filled and returned within two weeks out of which some were missed. Tables were used for data presentation and analysis and indeed the data collected were analyzed using frequency counts and simple percentage.
Key words: Availability of ICT facilities, level of use of ICT facilities, problems encountered, role of CD Rom.
CONTRASTIVE ANALYSIS OF NUMBER SYSTEM OF NOMINAL GROUP BETWEEN ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND KAREKARE LANGUAGE
Department of English, School of Languages AD Rufa’I College for Legal and Islamic Studies, Misau
This research is conducted on contrastive analysis of number system of nominal group between English and Karekare languages to find out the differences between the two languages which the sources of some errors students were committing. The systemic functional linguistic theoretical approach is applied for its success. Survey research design is employed to carry out the study. Data were collected from both primary and secondary source. Native karekare speakers were observed who did not undergo school and students were not left behind. The study came up with some differences which create difficulties for students learning English. It is observed that karekare differs in forming plural to nouns in NP. And karekare positions cardinal numerals as qualifier of the headword of nominal group. Furthermore, the nouns appearance with cardinals maintains singular form unlike in English language.
Keywords: NP=noun phrase, number= an abstract entity use to describe quantity, nominal group a group=group of words with noun as headword
THE EFFECT OF SOCIAL MEDIA ON ADOLESCENTS AND YOUNG ADULTS
AHMAD YUSUF ABDULLAHI & AMINU MUSA BRINGA
Department of Basic Studies, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, Bauchi State, Nigeria
Using social media Web sites is among the most common activity of today’s adolescents and young adults. Any Web site that allows social interaction is considered a social media site, including social networking sites such as Facebook, MySpace, and Twitter; gaming sites; video sites such as YouTube, and blogs. Such sites offer today’s youth a portal for entertainment and communication and have grown exponentially in recent years. It is important that parents become aware of the nature of social media sites, given that not all of them are healthy environments for adolescents and young adults. Social media can be harmful especially if high-risk sexual behaviours including sexting, exposure to pornography, online dating, or other risk-taking behaviours are involved. Victims of cyberbullying and those that engaged in sexting are at increased risk of sexually transmitted infections and pregnancy. A multidisciplinary approach to address these issues can include government, obstetrician-gynaecologist, guardians, and school officials and personnel.
Keywords: Effect, Social, Media, Adolescents, Young.
POLITICAL LEADERSHIP IN ISLAM JOURNAL ARTICLE /CONFERENCE PAPER
ABDURRAHMAN DAHIRU BELLO
School Of Arts And Social Sciences, A.D Rufa’i College For Legal And Islamic Studies, Misau, Bauchi State, Nigeria
This write up is an attempt to study the formation of political leadership in Islam, the place of leadership, the nature and the importance of leadership in Islam, however, the research further covers the emergence of a leader in Islam; as many administrative systems in the world have different ways of bringing in a leader onto power like election, selection succession and military coup in some rare cases, Islam has its own accepted ways and methods of producing a leader. Moreover, this research also covers the characteristics of a good leader and the responsibilities of a leader which covers some areas where a leader in Islam is expected to take care about and to serious attention to.
Keywords: Islam, Political, Leadership, Emergence and Election.
NATIONAL QUESTION AND IDENTITY POLITICS IN NIGERIA: THE QUEST FOR RESTRUCTURING
MUSTAPHA AYODELE HARUNA
Lecturer, Department of Social Sciences, Rufus Giwa Polytechnic,Owo, Ondo State, Nigeria.
The notion of national Question and identity politics in Nigeria emanated from the amalgamation of the country as one political entity, system and administration in 1914 by Lord Fredick Lugard with its resultant effects of the marriage of inconvenience as in form of ‘unity in diversity’ not ‘diversity in unity’. As at today, the Nigerian state is under a constant and ferocious siege by ethnic, religious and regional groups. The question then is, what went wrong with the state that after over 57years of independence, Nigeria and Nigerians still wallow in all multifaceted challenges including National Question and identity politics where citizens witnessed period of uncertainty and confusion in which a person’s sense of identity becomes insecure, where the tendency for people of a particular religion, race and social background to form exclusive political alliances from traditional broad-based party politics becoming issues. The paper posits to X-ray the principles of national question like devolution, decentralization, fiscal federation, resource control while the ingredient of identity politics like reorganization, agitation, movements, struggles which born out of the crisis of belongings to and out of their efforts to bridge the political gap. The paper identifies problems confronting the National question like lack of political will, ethnic cleavages/dominations, religious intolerance, conservative centralism, minority slavery and centrifugal forces. The paper uses secondary sources as its methodology to gather data from relevance means. It therefore recommends true/fiscal federalism, veritable restructuring methods, devolution of powers of the federating/constituents units, resource control, and reducing the powers as the federal government in the exclusive lists in order to foster a truly federal Nigeria. The paper adopts the use of both devolution theory and pluralist theory of citizenship as its theoretical frameworks to navigate and midwife the study.
Key words: Devolution, Federalism, Identity Politics, National Integration, Restructuring.
PLAY: AN EFFECTIVE TEACHING METHODOLOGY AND THE CHALLENGES OF QUALITY OF ART TEACHERS PRODUCTION IN NIGERIA
ALKALI DUBA DUNGA
Fine and Applied Arts Department, College Of Education, Azare
The paper title. Play: An effective teaching methodology and the challenges of quality of Art Teachers production in Nigeria, defines play as viewed by some authors in the field, it also examined the relationship between play and art, and that when art instruction is planned around the experience of play, children can draw ideas from their own experience instead of strictly following the teacher’s lead, learning how to plan and discover for themselves, it is through such personal exploration that original art can be born. The paper expatiates on values of play. It is play and only in play that the individual child or adult is able to be creative and to use the whole personality, and it is only in being creative that the individual discover the self, the paper also focuses on play environment, materials, role of the teachers, conclusion and references.
QUALITY EDUCATION, POLITICAL AWARENESS AND CIVIC EDUCATION AS STRATEGIES FOR BOLSTERING GOOD GOVERNANCE AND VIOLENCE-FREE ELECTION IN KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA
*UTHMAN SHEHU, LAWAL (PH.D) & **SHUAIBU BAWA JAJA
*Department of Social Development, School of General and Applied Sciences, Shehu Idris College of Health Sciences and Technology, Makarfi **The Executive Chairman, Kudan Local Government, Kaduna state
This paper focused on Quality Education, Political Awareness and Civic Education as strategies for bolstering Good Governance and Violence-Free Election in Kaduna state, Nigeria. Three (3) research objectives, questions and hypotheses were explored in the study. Descriptive survey method was employed, while all adult population in Kaduna state formed the study population which is projected by National Bureau of statistics as 8,252,366. A sample of four hundred (400) respondents comprising of politicians, students, civil servants and self employed was selected through stratified sampling technique. The Self developed instrument titled “Ensuring Good Governance and Violence-Free Election in Kaduna State (EGOGVEKAS)” questionnaire was used for data collection. Mean and standard deviation were used to present the descriptive data, while the null hypotheses were tested using independent sample t-test at 0.05 level of significance. The study revealed that, there was no significant difference between the mean opinion scores of male and female respondents on Quality Education, Political Awareness and Civic Education as strategies for ensuring good governance and violence-free election in Kaduna state. Based on the findings, it was recommended among others that, the Kaduna state government, parents, teachers, able citizens and other stakeholders of education should embrace the responsibility of making education functional, as there is the need to tailor education in the state towards the needs of the society and what citizens require to develop as patriotic, participatory and contributory members of the state.Keywords: Quality Education, Political Awareness, Civic Education, Good Governance and Violence-Free Election