JOURNAL OF HUMANITIES AND SOCIAL SCIENCE (SJHSS)
Vol 10 (4) September, 2018 ISSN 2316-1989
Sub-Sahara African Academic Research Publications,
Centre for African Development Studies, University of Ibadan,
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Nigeria, West-Africa. +2348025604997
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MODERATING ROLE OF CORPORATE GOVERNANCE ON FINANCIAL REPORTING QUALITY AND CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY OF NIGERIAN LISTED MONEY DEPOSIT BANKS
*DR MAHMOUD IBRAHIM **DR. JOSEPH. F. ADEBISI AND **OKIKE B. MATTHEW
*Department of Accounting, Faculty of social and Management Sciences, Bauchi State University, Gadau, Bauchi Campus, Bauchi State**Nigerian College of Accountancy, Kwall near Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria
Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is not new; discussion about it began since the 1950s and has since continued to grow in importance and significance. It has been subjected to a lot debate, comment, and research. In spite of the seeming endless discussion about it, it has seen a lot of development in both academic and practitioner communities all over the world. This study examines the correlation between CSR and the quality of financial reports according to Stakeholder Theory of 21 Money Deposit Banks in Nigeria for the period 2010-2017. The empirical results of the overall samples indicated that by practicing CSR, companies can effectively reduce their level of earnings management, providing quality financial reports. The cluster sampling results show that CSR has a mediating effect, reducing the direct effects of corporate governance board structures on the quality of financial reports. This study considers the emergence of Stakeholder Theory compensates for the defects and deficiencies of agency theory in explaining the behaviors of managers. This study offers deeper insights to policy makers and investors to understand the association between company CSR performance and their financial reporting quality. The results suggest that company stakeholders should pay more attention when considering the influence of company CSR investment performance.
Keywords: Corporate governance, Corporate social responsibility (CSR), Financial reporting quality, Stakeholder theory and Leverage.
challenges of optimizing the political and economic potentials of nigeria through tourism
*mohammed saba mohammed (Ph.D), **muhammad sanusi abdul (Ph.D) and **Umar Mohammed
Department of Human Kinetics and Health Education, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Lapai. **Department of Physical and Health Education, Niger State College Of Education, Minna.
The benefits of tourism to national development cannot be over emphasized. Tourism has become a phenomenon in both the developed and developing nations across the globe owing partly to bizarre of income generation; employment creation and poverty elimination. Despite these numerous benefits of tourism, there are still some bottle necks on the part of her progress. Tourism is seen as an activity that involves being away from home on a temporary short-term visit to and stay at places of interest outsides ones domicile and work. This paper discusses Nigeria’s tourism history and potentials, optimizing the political and economic potentials of tourism in Nigeria. The challenges to optimizing the political and economic potentials of tourism in Nigeria identified in the paper includes; infrastructures, security, government, awareness and personnel. Recommendations made included that the Federal Government should put in place a legal framework that clearly spells out the responsibility for management of tourism resources, e – Tourism and the adoption of public – private – partnership(PPP) arrangement in the Nigerian tourism sector.
Keywords; Tourism, political, economic, potentials and challenges.
INFLUENCE OF COMPETITIVE INTELLIGENCE IN THE PROMOTION OF INFORMATION DELIVERY IN AGRICULTURAL LIBRARIES IN AHMADU BELLO UNIVERSITY, ZARIA
*SAHABI, MUHAMMAD KABIR **EBUNUWELE GRACE ESEOHE **ODION, E. FREDERICK AND ***ODUBANJO-FRANCIS, ABIDEMI O. ****IDI-ISHIN JERICHO
*University Library, Kaduna State University, Kaduna **Ambrose Alli University Library, Ekpoma ***National Horticultural Research Institude, of Nigeria ****Ibadan, Oyo State.
This paper discusses the influence of competitive intelligence in the promotion of information delivery in Agricultural Libraries in Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. Library and librarians’ knowledge and adaptation of competitive intelligence in library service is considered a very important requirement for efficient and effective information delivery in libraries because a library is an essential element in the educational and research endeavour of research institute most especially a agricultural research institute that require painstaking research activities considering the needs for food self-sufficient and source for country income. Therefore, agricultural librarians should understand their clients’ needs make the best use of their competitive intelligence, plan service provision, promote the available services, and deliver them efficiently and effectively. However, the paper discovers that agricultural librarians are yet to maximize their potentials as information requirement in agricultural institutions are becoming increasingly complex and competitive. The paper then concludes that agricultural librarians should acquire the technique and skill of competitive intelligence to promote information delivery services to agricultural libraries.
Keywords: Agricultural, Libraries, Competitive Intelligence, Promotion and Information Delivery
THE AFRICANITY OF AUGUSTINE’S PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION
PROF. KANU IKECHUKWU ANTHONY, O.S.A.
Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies, Tansian University, Umunya, Anambra State
In this piece focussed on the contribution that Augustine’s African background, that is, his Afro-cosmo-vision of reality, made to the development of his philosophy of education. This piece is very important, first, because we have found ourselves at a time when some scholars, against evident historical evidence, argue that Saint Augustine is not an African. Second, we have also found ourselves at a time when many scholars believe that nothing good can come from Africa. This piece would, therefore, serve as a pointer to the Africanity of Augustine and the Africanness of his philosophy and theology. The hermeneutic method of inquiry would be employed.
Keywords: Africanity, Augustine, Philosophy, Education.
PREVENTIVE DIPLOMACY – ARMS CONTROL AND THE CHALLENGES OF GLOBAL TERRORISM
TYODZUA ATIM (PH.D) AND ADOLE RAPHAEL AUDU (PH.D)
*Department of Political Science, Faculty of Social Science, Benue state University, Makurdi, Benue State. **Department of Public Administration, Faculty of Management Sciences, University of Maiduguri, Borno State.
One of the main objectives of the United Nations is to moderate and engage the vital interests of the super powers and the concerns for the survival of the weaker nations. The main thrust of this paper is to highlight the challenges of the United Nations in arms control and preventive diplomacy in the world. The research problematic, which has motivated the study, is the fact that in spite of the instrumentalities put in place by the UN in its quest for arms control and its desire to prevent conflicts in the world the proliferation of arms in many countries of the world have persisted armed conflicts and thereby endangering world peace and instability. The paper has used secondary sources as instrument of data collection for the study. The theoretical framework of the study hinges on Hammarskjold theory of preventive diplomacy which places emphasis on the idea of nations and governments dealing with each other on, an administrative level aided by diplomats who specializes in political negotiation. The paper has revealed that in spite of efforts by nation states to invoke the spirit of preventive diplomacy in resolving conflicts in the world, the measures have continued, unabated due to increasing cases of Islamic fundamentalism and rivalry between the west, east and dictatorial regimes like North Korea. The study has revealed that religious fundamentalism operate with the usual diplomatic channels where there are no state boundaries and diplomats who are skilled in the acts of negotiation as such the theory of preventive diplomacy can hardly succeed when dealing with faceless organization that operate under cover.
Keywords: Preventive, Diplomacy, Aggressors, Peace-keeping, Diplomatic Channels, International Relations.
COMPLIANT WITH ETHOS OF DIGITAL CURATION AS MEASURES FOR OVERCOMING THE CHALLENGES AND RE-ENERGIZING THIRD WORLD NATIONS SCHOLARS IN THE 21ST CENTURY.
IBRAHIM ABDULLAHI MAYOBANI1 GLORIA BELLO DURMAN2 FASUMA HARUNA3
1&2Department of library and information science federal polytechnic Mubi, Adamawa 3Professor Jibril Aminus Library federal polytechnic Mubi Adamawa
This paper provides the challenges of Digital Curation by giving an overview of the development of digital curation and some of the key challenges of ensuring the long term preservation of digital assets. Its highlight early examples of initiatives for digital preservation in which helps in to address the challenges researchers have identified for the development of sustainable business models to reduce the dependence on support from the initial funders.
Key words; ethos digital curation overcoming challenges
THE TRANSITION FROM THE MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS: WITHER NIGERIA!
*ADAMS YAHAYA ATATA **ADEBAYO KHADIJAT ADEBUNMI
*Department Of General Studies, Federal Polytechnic, Damaturu, Yobe State. **Sahel Millennial Academy, Damaturu, Yobe State.
The transition from Millennium Development Goals to Sustainable Development Goals: Wither Nigeria! Seeks to evaluate the scorecards of the Millennium Development Goals in Nigeria, as a basis to determine the preparedness of the country for greater challenges packaged in the seventeen Sustainable Development Goals (the eradication of poverty, zero tolerance of hunger, promotion of good health and wellbeing, highly qualitative education, gender equality, clean water and sanitation, affordable clean energy, decent work and economic growth, industry, innovation and infrastructure, reduced inequalities, sustainable cities and communities, responsible consumption and production climate actions, life below water, life in land, peace, justice and strong institution and partnership for the goals achievable by the 2030). The study adopted Desk Review Method because of the documentary nature of the data required. It was discovered that the pandemic nature of poverty and corruption in Nigeria, has led to the apparent failure of the Nigerian government in measuring up on the highly desirous, but limited eight Millennium Development Goals, two of which were attained. It was also discovered that funds for the developmental goals were often misappropriated, coupled with the failure of the donor states and agencies to adequately monitor the judicious use of the funds. Not to mention the lack of adequate commitment among the wealthy nations in the actualization of the Millennium Development Goals, especially in “Emission Cut” – a cardinal key to the actualization of the environmental sustainability (Goal Seven). It was also discovered that the International Financial institutions have used the opportunity of the MDGs to force neoliberal ideologies on the throat of the Less Developed Countries, while neglecting mis-governance as the bane of their development. Moreover, it was also discovered that the dispensation of the donor funds has been riddled with the politics of alliance, where the wealthy nations would rather release funds to middle-income countries, at the detriment of the poor and needy countries. The paper drawing on dependency theory, concluded that developmental efforts will always be futile when not indigenously initiated, while recommending global disarmament as the ultimate ingredient for global development
Keywords: Millennium, Development, Sustainable, Nigeria, Emission Cut.
ROLE OF FUNCTIONAL LITERACY PROGRAMMES ON WOMEN EMPOWERMENT FOR NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
ALIYU DAN AZUMI DAMBAM
Dambam Local Government Education Authority, Bauchi State
The indispensable role of women in the development effort of the society calls for their empowerment at all levels. In most developed and developing countries including Nigerian, women are being marginalized, dominated, discriminated against, exploited and excluded from participating in major public formulations and development programs (Ebirim 2006). The Nigeria census figure for 2006 indicated that female generally constituted 48.7% of the entire population many of whom were illiterate, poor, disadvantaged politically, socially and culturally. This study was conducted to identify the impact of functional literacy programmes on women empowerment for national development. This paper discussed the concept of functional literacy, the scope of functional literacy, Women empowerment, empowering women through functional literacy programmes, Impact of functional literacy programmes on women, Functional literacy programmes and women development as well as problems militating against functional literacy programmes. The paper conclude by making some recommendations among which are:- functional literacy programmes should be adequately funded since the programmes is central to personal development and it contribute to National development, households should be mobilized to allow their wives and give them maximum support to participate fully in functional literacy programmes, government should also improve the physical, infrastructures and all necessary facilities necessary for functional literacy programmes.
Keywords: Role, Functional Literacy Programmes, Women, Women Empowerment, National Development.
POLICY FORMULATION AND ADMINISTRATION OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA
*OTTI VICTOR UZOMA **OKHUMAILE SELENA IDOWU & ***EHIMI CELESTINA
*Department of Public Administration, Auchi Polytechnic, Auchi **Department of Banking and Finance, Auchi Polytechnic, Auchi ***Department of Accountancy, Auchi Polytechnic, Auchi
This study expository in nature. It aims at unearthing the potentials of ICT for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals which were declared by the United Nations in 2015 as binding for all nations of our planet addressing both developing and developed countries. ICT must play a significant role if the SDGs should be achieved as projected in 2030. The study gives an overview of some of the existing efforts in this area and is written as an appeal to all professionals, scientists and IT-professional and their organization to take a holistic approach for all ICT-activities and projects to always include and monitor the effects of their work on the SDGs. The impacts of ICT on sustainability are twofold: On the one hand there might be negative effects on sustainability such as the generation of electronic waste; but this study advocates that ICT is definitely an enabler to more efficient resource usage, education and business operations which is critical success factors for achieving the SDGs.
Keywords: Sustainable Development Goals, Millennium Development Goals, Information and Communication Technology
AN EMPIRICAL ASSESSMENT OF RURAL WOMEN PARTICIPATION IN ELECTION IN GANYE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA
Adamawa State Polytechnic, Yola
The aims of this work is to evaluate “Role of rural women participation in election in Ganye Local Government Area.” The questionnaires were used to collect data about the theme of the work. Null hypothesis was formulated namely: there no significant relationship between rural women participation and changing of government and that faith restricted rural women from participation in election in Ganye Local Government Area. Four (4) Districts. Namely, Yebi, Bakari guso, Yelwa and Gurumpawo district were used as a sample size for this work. Stratified random sampling was used to enable respondents fill the questionnaires. Primary and Secondary source of data was adopted and simple percentage and chi-square tools were used to analysed the data received.It is found that Illiteracy and faith were identified as the major factor that affect rural women and the recommended that rural women must be adequately educated about the relevance of participation in election in Ganye either as voter or contestants.
Keywords: Democracy,Election,illiteracy, public policy ,rural women.
NIGERIAN ENGLISH: A VARIETY WITHOUT A STANDARD
ODEKUNBI, SUNDAY KEHINDE,
Department of English, Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo, Lanlate Campus, Lanlate.
English is used as a second language in Nigeria and unarguably, it is expected to be influenced by the Nigerian indigenous languages for Nigerians to adequately use it to express their socio-cultural and political experiences. Thus, its nativization and indigenization is inevitable. However, this is expected to be done within the ambit of the rules considered grammatical by the world standard. This paper, therefore, working on the data collected from 600 students of Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo, Lanlate Campus, reveals that Nigerian English is characterized by violation of grammatical rules, damaging of structures and distortion of meanings. It therefore concludes that efforts should be made by the eminent linguists in Nigeria to codify Nigerian English so as to be able to sift the incorrect usages from the correct ones. This will accord it (NE) international recognition and its Nigerian users will be saved from embarrassment in the midst of international speakers.
Keywords: Nigerians, Nigerian English, Nativization. Indigenization, Nigerian indigenous languages