International Journal of Environmental Design & Construction Management (IJECM)
Vol. 14 (3) September, 2018
Cambridge Research and Publications International,
Centre for African Humanity and Development Circle
(CAHDC), University of Nigeria, Nsukka,
Enugu State, Nigeria
Copyright © 2018 Cambridge Research and Publications International.
Please contact us for any enquiry.
ISSUES MILITATING AGAINST INDIGENOUSLY MANUFACTURED CERAMIC SANITARY WARE IN SOUTH WEST, NIGERIA
1FADAIRO, OLUROTIMI OLAKUNLE 2AKINBOGUN, TOLULOPE LAWRENCE 3KASHIM BOLAJI ISA
1,2&3Department of Industrial Design, School of Environmental Technology, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria
As humans, we all answer to the call of nature. It is assumed that when we take in food, we are duty bound to pass them out as either liquid or solid waste, after some biologically stipulated time. The discriminate or otherwise of the passing out of this wastes is one major issue of both environmental and health concerns in the United Nations’ Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Effective management of human waste could be beyond what some ordinary citizens can afford when one considers the increasing population resulting from migration, shortage of pipe borne water supply and the state of unemployment. This implies that only the rich few have access to satisfactory sanitary disposal systems, even in large cities. As a result, most low and average income earners who cannot afford ceramic sanitary ware in the market; have to put-up with self-built pit latrines or other alternatives which can become detrimental to public health. Although extensive studies over the years have been carried-out on sanitation and drinking water by different research groups and individuals both in Nigeria and worldwide. This research addressed the issue of indigenous ceramic sanitary ware production in south-western Nigeria as it affects waste management. Research design employed was survey via questionnaires. Respondents from the two industries visited were resourceful in drawing conclusions on the subject matter reviewed by the study.
Keywords: Vitreous China; Sanitary; Porcelain; Casting and Importation
APPRAISAL OF SOLID WASTE COLLECTION SYSTEMS IN BAUCHI METROPOLIS, NIGERIA
BOGORO AUDU GANI
Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi, Nigeria
This research is mainly aimed at identifying the techniques used and the problems encountered in collection of solid waste Bauchi metropolis as a basis for suggesting more effective technique. Questionnaire, interview guide and observation methods were used to gather information from the sample population of the study area. Major findings revealed that though the area has up to 50% of the respondents educated to secondary level but their income level is generally low and the household size is high with teenagers dominating. About 30% of the respondents do not have storage facilities and those with storage facilities dispose of their refuse immediately it is gathered. Also Bauchi State Environmental Protection agency is the only that evacuate solid waste generated in Bauchi metropolis and the collection centres are few which lead to emergence of unauthorized collection centres and large accumulate of uncollected waste. It is also found that 75.30% of the respondents were willing to pay some charges to improve refuse collection. The research recommends among other things all households should possess storage facilities. A house-to-house collection method should be introduced in Government Residential Area (GRA) and Bauchi Local Government should resume evacuation of solid waste. Community effort should be integrated in the waste evacuation process and more collection centre should be provided.
Key Words:- Solid Waste, Collection, Storage, Evacuation, Household,
DEMOGRAPHIC AND SOCIO ECOMIC DETERMINANTS OF HOUSE OWNERSHIP IN GOMBE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, GOMBE STATE
UMAR YUSUF ABDULLAHI, DR. ADAM MODU ABBAS & ABUBAKAR ABDULLAHI
Department of Geography, Federal University Kashere, Gombe.
This research provides empirical information on the level of house ownership among the residents of Gombe Local Government Area. Hence, house ownership status, demographic and socio-economic factors influencing ownership status of dwelling unit, as well as mode of owning a house were observed. 396 household heads were interviewed. Simple random and systematic sampling techniques were used to obtain streets and houses samples. Descriptive statistics and qualitative techniques were used to analyze data obtained from the field. Results show high proportion of house owners in Gombe L.G.A but majority of them live in houses inherited from their family hence, most of them are low income earners. Further demographic results show high number of males house owners which are mainly Fulani’s by tribe and majority of them are civil servants with low educational qualification and most of them belief in Islamic religion and almost all of them are married. The study recommends that: government and philanthropies should improve income of low income earners, women awareness and empowerment is needed to improve their house ownership status through purchase/construction, more awareness campaign is needed on the issue of segregation, effective government intervention on housing scheme is also recommended and lastly government should encourage formal education to higher levels in the study area.
Keywords: demographic, socio economic and house ownership.
DETERMINATION OF MONTHLY VARIATION IN THE LEVELS OF OUTDOOR THERMAL COMFORT IN MAKURDI METROPOLIS, NIGERIA
*AKERA MERCILLINA NGUSEER, **DANJUMA ANDEMBUTOP KWESABA, **ALIBA NKECHINYERE VALENTINE **DANTE ANGYU BUDI **BENJAMIN UMARU
*Department of Geography, Benue State University, Makurdi, Nigeria **Department of Hospitality and Tourism Management, Federal University, Wukari, Nigeria
The study investigated monthly variation in outdoor thermal comfort in Makurdi from 1971-2010. Daily air temperature (0C) and relative humidity (%) of the study area were obtained from Nigerian Meteorological Agency Operational Headquarters, Oshodi, Lagos. Daily thermal comfort levels were computed from the obtained data using the temperature humidity index (THI). The THI values were then summed into monthly values. Correlation analysis was used to determine trend in the level of thermal comfort from 1971 to 2010. The monthly variation of THI showed the highest THI of 27.2 in April and the lowest THI of 24.7 in January. The result suggest that human discomfort is common in April while January is thermally comfortable Seasonally, the hot dry season was associated with human discomfort whereas the cool dry season is relatively comfortable. The positive annual trend of THI suggested a progressive change from human comfort to discomfort in the study area. The study concluded that measures of ameliorating human thermal discomfort should be focused principally in the months of March and April which coincides with the hot dry season to minimize the negative effects of outdoor thermal discomfort on the socio-economic development in Makurdi.
Keywords: Thermal comfort, monthly variation, outdoor temperature, humidity and urbanization.
DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION AND PREPARATION OF COST ESTIMATE FOR EROSION AND FLOOD CONTROL AND PREVENTION CONCRETE INTERLOCKING BLOCK
DOCTOR (BLDR.) OLOWOAKE MOHAMMED
Department of Building Technology, Moshood Abiola Polytechnic, Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria
There is need for this study due to incessant cases of erosion and flooding from road drainage, streams, water-ways, and rivers over-flow their banks during rainy season in Nigeria claiming hundreds of lives and loss of properties worth billions of naira on yearly basis. In addition, the perennial erosion and flooding occurrences across the country every year remain unbridled leading to loss of lives and properties damage. Furthermore, the objectives of the study include: Observation of the study areas and conduct interviews for the residents, to design and produce erosion and flood control and prevention interlocking concrete blocks, to reduce and control local flooding and erosion in Nigeria, To reduce cost of providing drainage systems in comparison to the use of concrete drainage channels, to provide employment opportunities to the local community, hence the method of production and construction is labour intensive, to encourage its adoption and adaptation by various governments and communities in Nigeria. The researcher observed some coastal and non-coastal areas, and interviewed some residents of the same areas (qualitative-multi-methodology) in Lagos, Ogun and Oyo states respectively. The study revealed that, the problems associated with erosion and local flooding in our environment are due to: low level of technology in Nigeria, paucity of funds, lack of political will from leaders, and high level corruption among government officials and political leaders. In addition, majority of the roads, streams, water-ways and rivers are not provided with sufficient water channels. Those provided with concrete drainage channels cannot prevent or control erosion and flooding, even with little rainfall. To add more, the political will from our leaders yearly is poor, for yearly ecological funds are being diverted for other purposes. It is highly recommended that, the use of “Erosion and flood control and prevention concrete interlocking blocks” will protect the environment, safeguard against local flooding, and protect an ecologically valuable natural wetland.
Keywords: Control, environment, erosion, flooding and protection.
EFFECT OF OBSOLESCENCE ON RESIDENTIAL PROPERTY VALUES IN MINNA NIGER STATE, NIGERIA
1INUWA, MOHAMMED DANLAMI, 2WALI, RAKIYA IBRAHIM, 3MOHAMMED, SANUSI MUSA, 4SHUAIBU MOHAMMED NASIR
Niger State Polytechnic, Zungeru.
The study examines the effect of obsolescence on residential property values in Tunga and Barikin Sale areas in Minna, Niger State. The study adopted both primary and secondary source of information. The primary source adopted enables the researcher to have access to information on rental trend from the respondents. Data collected was based on household size, age and physical condition. The methodologies used for the study are descriptive analysis, Pearson product moment correlation and multiple regressions. The result of correlation shows strong relationship of physical conditions on rental values and impact of these negative (independent variable) shows weak relationships in the result of regression analysis. The results show 65% and 60% variation in dependent variation in Tunga and Bariki Sale. In conclusion, it was recommended that maintenance culture and bio data form for tenant selection should be enforce to checkmate number of households.
KEYWORDS: effect, obsolescence, residential, property and values.
EFFECT OF STAKEHOLDERS’ COMPLIANCE WITH DUE PROCESS POLICY ON CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS IN BAUCHI METROPOLIS
IBRAHIM GARBA1 AND SALISU MAGAJI2
1Estate Management and Valuation Department, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi – Nigeria 2Estate Management and Valuation Department, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi – Nigeria
This study attempted to assess the extent at which the due process policy is adhered to in Bauchi Construction Projects. A literature review reveals a limited amount of research in the area of assessing the extent of stakeholder’s compliance with due process policy on construction projects. Questionnaire was distributed to 150 officials to obtain primary data for this study. The data was statistically analyzed to showcase the extent of stakeholder’s compliance with due process in construction projects. The findings indicated that the construction projects in Bauchi has high compliance rate. Findings from this study can be useful to the policy makers, companies and other relevant authorities in their efforts to enhance the effectiveness and adherence with due process.
Keywords: Due Process; Construction Projects; Compliance
AN ASSESSMENT OF THE TRENDS IN AGRICULTURAL LAND RENTAL VALUES IN KADAGE AND GUBI VILLAGE, BAUCHI
HAFSATU JIDERE BALA and HAMISU ABDULKADIR NOMA
Department Of Estate Management, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi
The trend in agricultural land rental values is the series of related changes in the value of agricultural land rent brought about by a chain of course and effect. The important of land for agricultural production cannot be over emphasized. Every nation or country all over the world depends on land for her food production, survival and the socio political and economic development. This is to determine the trend in the rental values of agricultural land in Bauchi between the periods of 2007 to 2016. The study is to examine the trends in the rental values of agricultural land over the period of 10years. The objectives were to determine the variation of the rental values of agricultural land in the study areas; to determine the factors that affects the variation of the rental values and to determine whether the rent paid per hectare of farmland was increasing upward or downward. In order to obtain more reliable and correct data, questionnaire were distributed to farmers; this is done to extract relevant data concerning the study. The data collected were analyzed using the likert scale and narrative method. The study has revealed an increasing trend in the rental values of farmlands in the study area from 2007 to 2016. This arises as a result of the urban land use development displacement against the rural agricultural land use sector. Based on the study conducted and analysis of the trends carried out, there may be a continuous increase in the trend unless the government encourage the development of agricultural extension and development in the rural areas, this will help to stem down rural and urban drift.
Keywords: Assessment, Agricultural, Land, Rental, Values.
AN ASSESSMENT OF ROAD TRANSPORT FACILITIES ALONG AHMADU BELLO WAY, KADUNA METROPOLIS, KADUNA
1BABA, EZEKIEL BAHAGO; 2BANKWA, DEBORAH (MRS.)
1Urban and Regional Planning Department, College of Environmental Studies, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna; 2Department of Research and Statistic, Kaduna State Urban Planning and Development Authority (KASUPDA) Head Office, Ahmadu Bello Way, Kaduna
With the ever-growing nature of traffic on roads in the global urban centers, there is hardly any urban area that can function efficiently and effectively without adequate, reliable, safe and affordable road transport facilities which brought about the study. The study aims at assessing the road transport facilities of the Ahmadu Bello Way with the view of giving recommendation for improvement in the area. The study uses ARCGIS 10.0 Software model in accessing the raster image of the study area while GPS was also used to establish the ground conditions and the coordinate of the road transport facilities in the area. At the end of the study, it was revealed that the road transport facilities in the area are inadequate. Given that the expected number of the road transport facilities in the study area was expected to be 832 facilities only 5.53% of these facilities are in the study area giving the shortfall of 786 facilities. This comprises of bus-stop shade having the shortfall of 56 numbers of it facilities, bus-stops having the shortfall of 52 facilities. Round-about, street light and tricycle stop on the other hand have shortfall of 55, 32 and 58 respectively. Nevertheless, U-turns has a 176 shortfall of its facilities in the study area. As a result of the outcome of the study, the following recommendation were given; the need for the federal and state government to make more provision for road transport facilities in the area to ease traffic flows; there is need for the provision of road transport facilities in accordance to the established requirements of this study so as to avoid shorted in the area; State and local government in control of the study area should encourage public-private participation in the provision of road transport facilities to encourage acceptability of government projects in the area; there is also need for enlightenment campaign for road users on the need to obey road transport signs; and effort should be made to repair grounded road transport facilities and also existing ones should be properly maintained by the agencies that are responsible for the control and management of road transport facilities.
Keywords: Assessment, Road, Transport, Facilities, Ahmadu Bello Way, Kaduna Metropolis, Kaduna.
ASSESSMENT OF SOME PHYSIOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF DADIN-KOWA DAM RESERVOIR WATER
MOHAMMED AHMED BAFETO1 AKINSOLA R. UMOTAYO2, AND AJI ABUBAKAR2
1Department of Civil Engineering Technology, the Federal Polytechnic, Damaturu, Yobe State 2Department of Science Laboratory Technology, the Federal Polytechnic, Damaturu, Yobe State
Assessment of some physiochemical parameters of Dadin Kowa Dam reservoir was investigated. Water samples were collected from the upstream reservoir and downstream for analysis. The samples were analysed for temperature,oxygen demand,turbidity and conductivity. Others include concentration of total dissolved solid, copper, fluoride, iron total hardness, chloride and hydrogen ion concentration (pH).The results showed thatpH, Temperature, Total Dissolved Solids (TDS), Dissolved Oxygen (DO), Alkalinity, Acidity, Total Hardnessand Chloride values were all within the recommended limits. The total dissolved solids (TDS) of the samples was below the desirable limit. Turbidity, Iron and Fluoride are above the recommended values. The result of study indicatesthat, the quality of the reservoir water is not fit for domestic and drinking purposes. There’s need for treatments to minimize the contaminations levels.
Keywords: Dadin Kowa Dam, Reservoir Water, Concentration, Upstream, Downstream, NSDWQ