INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HUMANITIES & SOCIAL SCIENCE (IJHSS) (VOL 7 N0. 4)
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AUGUSTINE’S PEDAGOGY: ANTHROPOLOGICAL AND HUMANISTIC CONSIDERATIONS
PROF. KANU IKECHUKWU ANTHONY, O.S.A.
Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies, Tansian University, Umunya, Anambra State
Augustine’s philosophy of education is based on the nature of the human person and for the advancement of the human person. His strong humanistic principles are based on the Christian Scripture that presents the human person as being created in the image and likeness of God. It is from this theological background that Augustine strongly believes that the student created in the image and likeness of God must be treated with respect and love. This perspective has also shaped the structure of Augustine’s objectives of education. It is these anthropological and humanistic sides to Augustine’s philosophy of education that this piece studied. The hermeneutic approach would be employed in this study.
Keywords: Augustine, Pedagogy, Anthropology, Humanistic, Education, Considerations.
THE CHALLENGES OF UNLAWFUL CASH FLOW TO SECURITY AND DEMOCRATIC GOVERNANCE IN NIGERIA (2011-2016)
BALOGUN, OSEBI SOPHIA
Department of Political Science, Federal University Lokoja, Lokoja, Kogi State.
Abstract (Easton, 1957)
The scourge of illegal cash flow in any society of which Nigeria is included society which has dire consequences on its victims, cannot be over flogged. Unfortunately, this has gradually threatened the general security of the nation. The issue of unlawful cash flow may be seen as economic in nature. However, this study has made an effort to explain briefly, how the effects of this act has proliferated into every aspect of the society because what affects one sub-unit of a system can be said to affect the whole. Some of the negative results of this illegal financial flow is the major fact that it undermines any governing process within the society among others. In conclusion, this research effort suggests to the government that stiffer penalties are needed to be passed on individuals or groups of people who are involved in fueling or promoting such illegal transactions.
Keywords: Challenges, Unlawful, Democratic, Governance, Nigeria.
HIV/AIDS IN KETU-ADIE OWE: QUALITATIVE STUDY OF FOUR MEDICAL EXPERTS
MATTHIAS OLUFEMI DADA OJO (Ph.D.), AMOS OLUTUNDE ABISOYE (Ph.D.) AND LOVETH ADANMA OSAKWE
Department of Sociology, Crawford University of the Apostolic Faith Mission, Igbesa, Ogun State.
Rural areas are not usually given adequate attention on matters pertaining to HIV/AIDS. This study therefore explored the issues of HIV/AIDS in Ketu-Adie Owe rural community of Ado-Odo/Ota Local Government areas of Ogun State. Survey design was employed with implementation of qualitative method. Four medical / health personnel participated in the interview sessions scheduled for the study and six photographs were used to compliment the study. Multiple-sexual partners; divorce and re-marry several times; having sex with prostitutes without protection; piercing of nose and making incision during festivals and cult initiation were identified as life styles and habits which can spread the HIV/AIDS infections. Findings show that people of the community do not have adequate knowledge on how they can be infected with HIV/AIDS. They were not aware of need to know their HIV/AIDS status either. Finding also reveals that social media are not sufficient to spread awareness of HIV/AIDS in rural areas. Educational and sensitization programmes, involvement of community opinion leaders; awareness during religious gathering, in schools, in community meetings, at the family level and support of private hospitals and non-governmental organizations were recommend in the study.
Keywords: Rural areas, Medical experts; Life style; Habits, HIV/AIDS.
CHALLENGES OF SCHOLARS AND SCHOLARSHIP WITHIN THE LAKE CHAD BASIN: THE WAY FORWARD
ABUBAKAR GARBA, ABDULRAHMAN B. HAMID & MADU BALTAI
Centre for Trans-Saharan Studies, University of Maiduguri
Insecurity situation in the environment of Lake Chad has posed tremendous consequences on scholars and scholarship with attendant political and cultural retardation. This serious condition has jeopardized gospel scholars of autochthonous polity of Chad Basin to degradation in activities of Qur’anic studies where virtually all the sectors of developmental sectors retrogressed from economic, religious, political and social development. Prior to this, concept of scholarship had gained a greater attention from numerous ethnics groups, ranging from Kanuri, Shuwa, Margi, Babur Bura, Mandara and its clusters, Buduma and Fulani nomads. The Lake Chad environment has been long a very suitable and sustainable centre of learning for all. In addition, challenges of education and awareness have made many of the citizens of the Lake Chad Basin to plunge into social confusion. Conflicts, political and national orientation have also contributed in the insecurity. These problems have established disgust pattern of social relations that triggered enmity between groups within the Lake Chad communities. In the events of this crisis, political, religious, cultural and economic sectors are partially at a standstill. Young men between 15 to 30 years are involved in wanton destructions of lives, cultural and economic properties, because of illiteracy and radicalisation. Therefore, this paper will highlight the measures that led to impede Islamic scholarship in the area bordering Lake Chad. It will discuss factors concerning various approaches that caused upheavals and proffer solutions to the present political, religious, economic and social conflicts.
Keywords: challenges, Qur’an, scholarship, scholars, Lake Chad Basin, forward
PSYCHOLOGICAL TRAITS AS PREDICTORS OF STRESS AMONG TEACHERS OF SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN YOBE STATE
- AHMAD TAHIR ADAMU KOKI & ZARA’U MUHAMMAD KABIR
Yobe State Universty, Damaturu
The study examined personality traits that predict occupational stress among secondary school teachers in Yobe state. The study was guided by four hypotheses. The population of the study covered all the 6,036 teachers in 265 public secondary schools in the state. The sample consisted of 1,000 teachers made up of 450 males and 550 females. The sample was drawn through stratified proportionate random sampling technique. The instrument for the study was a structured questionnaire tagged ‘Job Stress Inventory’ (JSI) which was duly validated. Mean and t-test were used for data analysis. The findings of the study revealed that teachers with a high achievement drive exhibit a significantly higher level of stress than those with a low achievement drive; teachers with a high competitive tendency exhibit a significantly higher level of stress than those with a low competitive tendency; teachers with a high level of anxiety exhibit a significantly higher level of stress than those with a low level of anxiety; teachers with a low self-concept exhibit a significantly higher level of stress than teachers with a high self-concept. Based on the findings it was recommended among others that teachers should be exposed to stress management techniques through seminars and workshops.
Keywords: Teachers occupational stress, achievement drive, competitive tendency, anxiety level, self-concept.
AVAILABILITY AND UTILIZATION OF ELECTRONIC RESOURCES BY SENIOR SECONDARY STUDENTS IN SAINT AUGUSTINE’S COLLEGE, KABBA LIBRARY
*SAHABI, MUHAMMAD KABIR AND **EBUNUWELE GRACE ESEOHE CLN
*University Library, Kaduna State University, Kaduna **Ambrose Alli University Library, Ekpoma
This study examined the extent of availability and utilization of electronic resources by Senior secondary School (SSS) students in Saint Augustine’s college, kabba Library. Five research questions and a single hypothesis were formulated to guide the study. Descriptive survey was adopted and the population of the study was two hundred, while a sample of forty five senior secondary student library users were selected through stratified sampling. Questionnaire was the main instrument used for data collection. Pearson Correlation Coefficient (r) was the statistical analysis technique adopted to test the hypothesis under study at 0.05 level of significance. The result of the analysis revealed that electronic resources were available in the school Library and SS students utilized them. However, online databases were under utilized. Lack of computer skills, slow network, inconsistent internet connectivity, power outage and irrelevant electronic information resources were the problems students encountered while accessing and using electronic resources in the School Library. Based on the findings, the following recommendations were made: adequate budgetary allocation should be given to the school Library for subscription to online databases and acquisition of electronic books, more relevant open access databases should be made accessible to users, creation of awareness on the available electronic resources in School Library, installation of inverter and battery system in the Electronic Library, and organizing users education for better use of electronic resources in the school Library.
Keywords: Availability, Utilization, Electronic Resources, Saint Augustine’s college library, Senior Secondary Students.
INFLUENCE OF RELIGION AND CULTURE ON THE COMPOSITION OF NEWSPAPER EDITORIAL BOARDS IN NIGERIA
ONIFADE, OLUWAFEMI SUNDAY, JONAH, MARY HARUNA AND SULE, GODWIN MATTHEW
Department of Mass Communication, Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, Nigeria
This work examines the roles of religion, region/ethnicity and gender in the composition of editorial boards of selected Nigerian newspapers with “national” spread. Using the theoretical foundations of the Gatekeeping theory, it deconstructs the classification of some newspapers as national newspapers through the instrumentality of the qualitative approach to the Content Analysis method. It asserts that ethnic, regional and religious motives take primacy over national interest in the establishment and operation of newspaper organizations in Nigeria. The findings of the research shows that women are seriously underrepresented on the editorial boards of the newspapers under consideration for this study. The study calls for the multiplicity of gender, ethnicity, and ideological/political orientation on the editorial boards of Nigerian newspapers.
Keywords: Religion, Editorial, Culture, Composition, Newspaper
RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE TOURISM SECTOR IN PORT HARCOURT
HELEN Y. OLLOR1 AND COLLINS PROMISE NKWACHI 2
Hospitality Management and Tourism, University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State
The study evaluates the impact of recreational activities on social development in Tourism Sector in Port Harcourt, Rivers state. Data for the study were generated using Questionnaire for 108 employees from 9 Tourism Firms in Port Harcourt, Rivers State. The Instruments for data collection were validated through expert checking and Cronbach Alpha Test. Spearman’s Rank Correlation Coefficient was used to test the Hypotheses. The study found positive relationship between the Dimensions of Recreational Activities (Dancing, Swimming and Horse riding) and the measures of Social Development (Peaceful Coexistence and Sports Complex). The study therefore, recommends that Tourism Firms should encourage the public to indulge in dancing for leisure through advertising campaigns and promotions since it has been identified to help increase Peaceful Coexistence. Also, Tourism Firms should build Standard Swimming Pools and provide Horse Riding Facilities and making Horses available for the public. This could motivate people to utilize the facilities for leisure purposes and build cordial relationships with other people which would enhance leaving peacefully together.
KEY WORDS: Recreational Activities, Social Development, Tourism, Dancing, Swimming, Horse Riding
THE ROLES OF LIBRARIES IN THE PROVISION OF INFORMATION FOR NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA GROWTH IN THE MILLENNIUM ERA
ALIYU NASIRU MUHAMMAD AND MARGARET A. AMAO
Abu Ali Library, A.S. C.O.E, Azare, Bauchi State
The aim of the paper is to explain the roles of library in the provision of information towards national development. Librarians and information experts play a key role in dissemination of information for the development of any nation. The cooperation and assistance of librarians is a basis for any movement to gain development. By this cooperation and the provision of useful information in economic, cultural, social and political contexts, development becomes possible more especially in our sub-Saharan Africa growth. A nation is believe to develop if it value information. The paper conclude by explaining the importance of information in any society or country, any nation that fails to value information will remain doom and also remain under develop.
Keywords: Development, Libraries, Librarians, Nation, Roles
NIGERIAN ENGLISH: A VARIETY WITHOUT A STANDARD
ODEKUNBI, SUNDAY KEHINDE,
Department of English, Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo.
English is used as a second language in Nigeria and unarguably, it is expected to be influenced by the Nigerian indigenous languages for Nigerians to adequately use it to express their socio-cultural and political experiences. Thus, its nativization and indigenization is inevitable. However, this is expected to be done within the ambit of the rules considered grammatical by the world standard. This paper, therefore, working on the data collected from 600 students of Emmanuel Alayande College of Education, Oyo, Lanlate Campus, reveals that Nigerian English is characterized by violation of grammatical rules, damaging of structures and distortion of meanings. It therefore concludes that efforts should be made by the eminent linguists in Nigeria to codify Nigerian English so as to be able to sift the incorrect usages from the correct ones. This will accord it (NE) international recognition and its Nigerian users will be saved from embarrassment in the midst of international speakers.
Keywords: Nigerians, Nigerian English, Nativization. Indigenization, Nigerian indigenous languages
POLITICAL LEADERSHIP IN ISLAM
ABDURRAHMAN DAHIRU BELLO
School of Arts and Social Sciences, A.D Rufa’i College for Legal and Islamic Studies, Misau, Bauchi State, Nigeria
This write up is an attempt to study the formation of political leadership in Islam, the place of leadership, the nature and the importance of leadership in Islam, however, the research further covers the emergence of a leader in Islam; as many administrative systems in the world have different ways of bringing in a leader onto power like election, selection succession and military coup in some rare cases, Islam has its own accepted ways and methods of producing a leader. Moreover, this research also covers the characteristics of a good leader and the responsibilities of a leader which covers some areas where a leader in Islam is expected to take care about and to serious attention to.
Keywords: Islam, Political, Leadership, Emergence and Election.