INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY EDUCATION RESEARCH (IJCER) (VOL 7 N0. 6)
Berkeley Research and Publications International,
Bayero University, Kano, PMB 3011, Kano State, Nigeria.
Nigeria, West-Africa. +234-708-717-3247
Please contact us for any enquiry.
COMPARATIVE EFFECTS OF DEMONSTRATION AND CO-OPERATIVE STRATEGY ON SENIOR SECONDARY TWO BIOLOGY STUDENTS’ ACHIEVEMENT IN GENETICS IN JOS NORTH, PLATEAU STATE
- FRIDAY JOHN, ROSE ZACHARIAH, MERCY ACHI AND JOSEPHINE PETER DOGARA
Department of Science and Technology Education, University of Jos, Jos Nigeria
This study examined the effects of demonstration and c o-operative method on senior secondary two Biology students’ achievement in genetics in Secondary Schools in Jos North Local Government Area of Plateau State. The population/sample for the study was sixty (60) Biology students comprising of 32 males and 28 females were randomly drawn from one of the secondary schools in Jos North Local Government Area of Plateau State. Three (3) research questions were answered in the study and two (2) hypotheses were tested at a significant level of 0.05. The instrument used to collect relevant data from the students is GAT (Genetics Assessment Test). Mean, standard deviation and t-test statistical analysis were used to analyze the two hypotheses formulated for the study. The result of the analysis revealed that: there is significant difference between the post-test mean scores of students taught genetics using demonstration and those taught using the co-operative method. The results also showed that there is no significant difference between the post-test mean scores of male and female students taught genetics using cooperative method. The recommendations derived from this study includes; Biology teachers should adopt the used of cooperative method in the teaching of genetics in the secondary schools. Curriculum planners should incorporate cooperative teaching in the curriculum and Teachers should be train and retrain on how to effectively use the cooperative teaching method.
Keywords: Comparative, Effects, Demonstration, Cooperative, Achievement, Genetics
REATIVITY AND INNOVATION IN THE ADMINISTRATION OF UNIVERSITY EDUCATION: AN IMPEARATIVE FOR LIFELONG LEARNING IN NIGERIA
*UMAR MUHAMMAD (PHD) & **DR. MATTHEW CYRIL
*Department of Educational Foundations, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto**Department of Science & Vocational Education, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto.
University education in Nigeria and indeed any other part of the world plays a crucial role in the supply of highly skilled manpower to manned different sectors of the nation’s economy. This paper examined exploring ways in the management of functional university education for leadership values reorientation and sustainable National development in Nigeria. On the basis of this, issues such as, University education in Nigeria, , concept of value systems in our society, Re-orientation of values in Nigerian universities, causes of antisocial behaviour in Nigerian universities campuses, effects of antisocial behaviors in Nigerian universities, Promoting Moral Values through Laws, Policies and Regulations in Nigerian Universities, University management in Nigeria, Concept of sustainable National development, and concept of National development were discussed. This paper concluded that, the rate of increase in antisocial behaviours in our educational institutions is alarming. This negative trend in the social vices among students of higher institutions in Nigeria might be responsible for the general decline in the quality of the graduates being turned out by these institutions. The Paper recommends that, Moral education should be introduced in universities and other higher institutions in the country and finally, the responsibility of preventing or curbing general students vices in universities in Nigeria should be a collective one resting on parents, lecturers, religious leaders, authorities of the institutions as well as government.
Keywords: Administration, Creativity and Innovation, Lifelong Learning, Nigeria, University Education
CORRELATION ON THE PERFORMANCE OF ND I STUDENTS WHO ATTEMPT AND THOSE WHO DID NOT ATTEMPT PHYSICS AT O’ LEVEL (A case study of Yobe state college of Agriculture Gujba)
- I LEGAHARA
Chukwuemeka Odumegu Ojokwu University Uli
This study was aimed finding out whether this is a relationship between the performances of National Diploma one (ND one) students in Agricultural Technology Department of Yobe state college of Agriculture Gujba who attempted physics and those who did not attempt physics at O’ level. 10 out of the 27 students of 2016/2017 academic session were randomly selected. From the result of a physics that had a reliability of 91%, a correlation analysis r 0.4 showed that the is a relationship between the performance of student at ND one who attempted physics at O’ level and vis vasa. Using Chi square, the analysis of the scores of both set of students were confirmed at the level of 8 df XC greater than XCt= 15.5. It was therefore concluded that student at ND one will perform better in physics if they attempted physics at O’ level.
Keywords: Performance in physics, correlation, students, National diploma, Chi-square, significant and relationship,
PSYCHOLOGICAL TRAITS AS PREDICTORS OF STRESS AMONG TEACHERS OF SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN YOBE STATE
- AHMAD TAHIR ADAMU KOKI & ZARA’U MUHAMMAD KABIR
Yobe State Universty, Damaturu
The study examined personality traits that predict occupational stress among secondary school teachers in Yobe state. The study was guided by four hypotheses. The population of the study covered all the 6,036 teachers in 265 public secondary schools in the state. The sample consisted of 1,000 teachers made up of 450 males and 550 females. The sample was drawn through stratified proportionate random sampling technique. The instrument for the study was a structured questionnaire tagged ‘Job Stress Inventory’ (JSI) which was duly validated. Mean and t-test were used for data analysis. The findings of the study revealed that teachers with a high achievement drive exhibit a significantly higher level of stress than those with a low achievement drive; teachers with a high competitive tendency exhibit a significantly higher level of stress than those with a low competitive tendency; teachers with a high level of anxiety exhibit a significantly higher level of stress than those with a low level of anxiety; teachers with a low self-concept exhibit a significantly higher level of stress than teachers with a high self-concept. Based on the findings it was recommended among others that teachers should be exposed to stress management techniques through seminars and workshops.
Keywords: Teachers occupational stress, achievement drive, competitive tendency, anxiety level, self-concept.
THE SOURCES OF AUGUSTINE’S EDUCATIONAL INSIGHT
PROF. KANU IKECHUKWU ANTHONY, O.S.A.
Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies, Tansian University, Umunya, Anambra State
Augustine wrote many articles and books, and from these works, insights could be gotten as it concerns education. However, there are three books that Augustine wrote on education. The works include: The Teacher (De Magistro), Christian Teaching (De Doctrina Christiana) and The Catechesis of Beginners (De Catechizandis Rudibus). These three major works of his on education would be the focus of this piece. This study reveals that Augustine had a profound influence on the subsequent development of Western thought and culture and, more than any other thinker, shaped the themes and defined the problems that have characterized Western traditions. The hermeneutic method of inquiry would be employed.
Keywords: Augustine, Educational, Insight, Sources, De Magistro, Doctrina Christiana, Catechizandis Rudibus
NEEDED SKILLS FOR EFFECTIVE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND MATHEMATICS FOR TRANSFORMATION AGENDA IN THIRD WORLD COMMUNITIES.
*SULAI, ERASMUS IBRAHIM, **MARY E. SULAI, **AYUBA KALURI
*School of Basic and Remedial Studies, Gombe State University, Gombe. **Department of Education, Gombe State University, Gombe. ***Ganjuwa Local Education Authority, Bauchi State
This paper examined the needed skills for effective teaching and learning of Science, Technology and Mathematics (STM) education for transformation agenda in third world communities. National development can be enhanced through technological advancement and industrial diversification in third world communities. The paper highlighted some skills that will improve teaching and learning of STM. Challenges of transformation in third world communities were discussed. Recommendations were made so as to bring transformation in third world communities. Among the recommendations were teaching and learning strategies that allow learners to participate actively in the class. Also curriculum planners for STM should provide appropriate, relevant and functional curricula for third world communities.
Keywords: Teaching, Skills, Mathematics, Learning, Transformation.
THE EFFECT OF COMPUTER ASSISTED INSTRUCTIONAL MEDIA ON SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN FINE ARTS IN EBONYI STATE.
PAUL NWALI ECHE AND IFERE, COLLINS OKORIE
Ebonyi State College of Education, Ikwo.
The study investigated Computer Assisted Instructional Media (CAIM) as an interactive instructional technique using computer to present instructional material and monitor the learning that takes place. It uses the combination of text and graphics, sound and video in the learning process. This program helps the students’ progress at their own pace, assisting them in learning and application of the material. It was designed to see the effect of Computer Assisted Instructional Media as a supplementing strategy on the academic performance of secondary school students in the subject of Fine Arts. Some of the objectives of the study include to: find out the relative effect of Computer Assisted Instructional Media (CAIM) as a supplementing and important strategy on the academic performance of students in Fine Arts, explore the difference between treatment effect in students with natural creative ability and those without and find out the influence of gender on their performance and enrollment in Fine Arts when exposed to computer assisted instructional media. The secondary school students studying Fine Arts drawn from SS11 class at Ebonyi State College of Education secondary School constitute the population of the study and equally selected as a sample of the study. The sample students were assigned into two groups (experimental and control group). They were equated on the basis of their performance score in previous semesters in the subject of Fine Arts and they comprised of forty (40) students. One group was randomly sampled by teaching them a chosen topic in Fine Arts without using computer to stand as a sample of the study while the other group was taught using CAIM. Both the groups were taught through practical method and Computer Assisted Instructional Media (CAIM) being used as a supplementary strategy for the experimental group. The experiment lasted for three weeks and data were collected from 80 students of the two groups. After obtaining the scores, the lists were prepared for each group and the means, standard deviations, differences between mean were computed with significance between the mean scores of both the groups on the variable of previous performance that was tested at 0.5 levels by applying t-test. At the end, it was found that Computer Assisted Instructional Media (CAIM) was effective for both male and female students which led to the recommendations made. Areas of further research like, conducting similar research in other subjects like biology, English language etc, was suggested.
Keywords: Fine Arts, Computer Assisted Instructional Media, Teacher centered, Students centered, Traditional instruction.
CURRICULUM CONTENTS’ ADEQUACY AND TECHNICAL SKILLS ACQUISITION IN NIGERIA
GIDEON, V. O. (Ph.D)
Nigerian Institute of Social and Economic Research (NISER).
The polytechnics focused on the impartation of technical skills so as to prepare students for employment or self-reliance. However, many polytechnic graduates probably do not possess the skills required in the labour market. This study examined the relationships between curriculum contents’ adequacy and technical skills acquisition in selected South-West Nigerian polytechnics. The descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. The population of the study comprised 5,960 Higher National Diploma (HND) II full time students of the nine sampled polytechnics in South-West Nigeria. Stratified random sampling technique was applied to select 596 (ten percent) students in Mechanical, Civil, Electrical/Electronics and Computer Engineering Departments. The research instrument used for data collection was “Skills Acquisition and Graduates’ Employment Questionnaire (SAGEQ)” The hypothesis that stated that there is no significant relationship between curriculum contents’ adequacy and technical skills acquisition was tested at.05 level of significance. Data were analyzed using Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC). The tested hypothesis showed that; there was a significant relationship between curriculum contents’ adequacy and graduates’ employment hence, the null hypothesis was rejected. The study recommended more practical work to complement theories in polytechnics; provision of modern resources and qualified staff for impartation of skills, the curricula of polytechnics should be reviewed to align with labour market’s demands and the gap between school and work place should be bridged through Students Industrial Work Experience Scheme (SIWES).
Keywords: Skills Acquisition, Graduates, Employment, Polytechnics, Nigeria.
CONTRIBUTIONS OF TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAININNG TOWARDS POVERTY ALLEVIATION AMONG NIGERIA”S YOUTHS
ALIYU DANAZUMI DAMBAM
Dambam Local Government Education Authority, Bauchi State.
Unemployment remains the greatest and biggest challenges in Nigeria. The rate of unemployment in Nigeria especially among the youths graduate is on increase. Every year colleges of Education, Polytechnics and Universities turn out thousands of graduates in to the labour market where there are not jobs. Unemployment rate in Nigeria is said to be growing at the rate of 16% per year and the youths who are the most affected have 50% unemployment rate (Onuaha 2012), technical employers of labour are complaining of skill gap in the graduate which has been blamed on the educational sector that is based on paper qualification rather than skill acquisition. The need to include skill acquisition techniques in to the school curriculum to provide students with capacities for employment after graduation become important. The paper discussed the concept of Vocational and Technical Education, outline the objectives of Vocational and Technical Education (TVE), the importance of VTE for National development, also the paper highlights the concept of poverty and the major causes of poverty problems militating against VTE in Nigeria. The paper concluded by proffering some recommendations among which are, the Government should integrate technical and vocational education into the secondary schools, and tertiary institutions curriculum. Government should give maximum attention to technical and vocational education in terms of funding, provision of training equipments, facilities and qualified teachers.
Keywords Contributions, Technical and Vocational Education, Poverty, Alleviation, Youths.
ENTREPRENEURSHIP EDUCATION: A PANACEA TO UNEMPLOYMENT IN NIGERIA
MARGARET A AMAO
Abu Ali Library, A.S.C.O.E, Azare
Unemployment is an issue of concern in the 21st century which is affecting all developing countries. It is an ill wind in any society where it exists and as accelerated the rate of crimes and evil vices such as kidnapping, robbery, prostitution, broken marriages etc. Entrepreneurship education remains the key factor in developing the economic potentials and managerial skills of the respective learners within the frame work of self- reliance and national productivity. This paper discusses entrepreneurship education and what it intends to achieve. The roles of entrepreneurship education in solving unemployment situation in Nigeria through job creation, skill acquisition and poverty reduction. The paper identified factors militating against the roles of entrepreneurship education in solving unemployment in Nigeria such as lack of conducive environment for business operation, lack of business interest in the learners, inadequate entrepreneurship education teachers in our schools. In view of these, the paper concludes with the recommendations that government should employ adequate qualified entrepreneurship teachers to handle these courses in our tertiary institutions, provide conducive environment for entrepreneurs to operate, provision of uninterrupted power supply and adequate infrastructural facilities.
Keywords: Education, Panacea, Unemployment, Nigeria, Entrepreneurship.
PROBLEMS OF FINANCING HIGHER EDUCATION IN NIGERIA
*ANTHONY EMHENYA IYOHA (Ph.D) AND **UMORU YAKUBU
*Department of Public Administration, Samuel Adegboyega University, Ogwa, Edo State, Nigeria **Department of Public Administration, Auchi Polytechnic, Auchi, Edo State, Nigeria
The paper is to proffer solution to the problems of financing higher education in Nigeria. Many people have continued to clamour for free university education. It sounds exciting and noble. However, in the real sense of it, someone has to pay for it. Those who are preaching that gospel believe government should do everything for her people. University education generates public as well as private interests. One thing is absolutely clear, the level of education funding has continued to decline thereby inflicting serious damage on the system of which only a massive contribution of funds can help to rejuvenate it. The author used secondary sources of information. It was recommended among others that federal and state governments should invigorate scholarship schemes, not only as a source of funding but also as a means of identifying and developing productive high level manpower. It was concluded that the provision of education or should be shared responsibility among the federal, state, private sectors and parents.
Keywords: Education, Problems, Higher, Financing, Nigeria.
EACHER WORKPLACE MOTIVATION FOR IMPROVED PERFORMANCE IN TERTIARY EDUCATION
MANSURAH MOHAMMED BUBA ARDO AND ABBA ABUBAKAR
College of Continuing Education, Adamawa State Polytechnic, Yola, Nigeria
Tertiary education aims to train relevant manpower for effective community service and national development. To achieve this however, the teacher who is at the centre of the education enterprise, must be adequately motivated. Motivation is viewed as the process whereby a superior officer influences subordinates to perform their duties satisfactorily. It is the process that deals with influencing teachers in a positive way so as to work for the achievement of the national objectives of education. Work motivation therefore, refers to a set of internal and external forces that initiate work-related behaviour, and determine its form, direction, intensity and duration In tertiary education in Nigeria, teacher training is bedeviled by inadequate professional development and motivation of teachers. Consequently, the teaching profession in Nigeria, characterized by poor funding, poor salary structure, delay or non-payment of salaries and other fringe benefits, and poor working conditions, has been held in low esteem. In order for teachers to perform their duties effectively, they can be motivated by way of regular payment of salaries, fringe benefits, such as allowances, bonuses, regular promotions, provision of good working condition, maintaining high degree of relationship and improving the teachers’ general wellbeing. When teachers and students are sufficiently motivated, it can direct behaviour towards particular goals which lead to improved performance. The paper suggested that governments and all stakeholders in the education enterprise rise up to the challenge of improving the condition of teachers so as to increase their performance.
Keywords: Motivation Improved Performance Teachers, Workplace Tertiary education.