JOURNAL OF HUMANITIES AND SOCIAL SCIENCE
Vol.9, No.4, ISSN 2316-1989
Sub-Sahara African Academic Research Publications,
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Nigeria, West-Africa. +2348025604997
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ASSESSMENT OF TRADITIONAL UTILIZATION OF FOREST PRODUCTS IN VANDEIKYA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA BENUE STATE, NIGERIA.
AMADI D.C.A; ASANYI D. S. THLAMA D.M, MAIGURU A.
Department of Forestry and Wildlife Management, Federal University Wukari, Nigeria.
A healthy society promotes traditional and cultural heritage and the forest, apart from its timber is also being exploited traditionally for rural development without proper documentation, An investigation of the traditional utilization of forest products was carried out in order to understand the role of forest products in promoting the traditional and cultural heritage of Vandeikya Local Government Area of Benue State. A three stage sampling procedure was adopted. The first stage was the division of Vandeikya LGA into two constituencies (Tiev and Kyan). The second stage was the random selection of three wards from each of the constituencies. The third stage was the random distribution of twenty (20) questionnaires from each of the six wards, bringing the total to one hundred and twenty (120) questionnaires. Data collected among others included socio-economic characteristics of the respondents, tree species and parts utilized. Out of the one hundred and twenty questionnaire (120) distributed, one hundred and eighteen (98%) were retrieved. Descriptive statistics was used to analyze the data using tables, frequency, percentage, bar and pie charts . The results revealed 51% of the respondents were males while 49.2% were females and both were actively involved in traditional utilization of forest products for medicines, farming implements, entertainments tools, food, energy, craft and other cultural purposes. In terms of age, 28% of the respondents who actively used forest products traditionally were between ages 31-40 years. 66% were married, while 34% were single and the married ones were found to utilize forest products traditionally more. The respondents also identified other traditional uses of forest products which includes construction and cosmetics. The study recommended that, forests in Vandeikya LGA should be properly managed in order to avoid extinction due to extensive traditional exploitation so that the interest of future generation, environmental sustainability and much desired rural development will be guaranteed.
Keywords: Cultural Heritage, Forest, Forest products, Rural Development, Traditional utilization, Vandeikya Local Government Area.
CONTEMPORARY AUTHENTIC FULCRUM OF ECONOMIC RECESSION ON ARTISANS POVERTY VULNERABILITY IN NIGERIA
*ADAMU BABA ABDULAHI PH.D AND **ADAMU DAVID AHMED
*Dept. of Geography, FCT College of Education Zuba Abuja **Dept. of Agricultural Economics, Federal University of Technology Minna.
This research investigates the contemporary Authentic Fulcrum of Economic Recession on Artisans Poverty Vulnerability in Nigeria. The objective of the study among other are to investigate the type of Artisans, Assess the level poverty vulnerability as a result of economic recession and suggest way forward for Nigeria to get out of the recession. Multi stage sampling techniques were employed in selecting nine states and twenty seven LGA under study. Multiple Linear Regression Model of Augment Dickey Fuller and Philip-Perron were used with the aid of SPSS Computer Programme. Time frame for the study is 2016 – 2018. The results revealed that economic recession have serious negative influence on Artisans poverty vulnerability in Nigeria at DW 2.794211.
Keywords: Contemporary Authentic Fulcrum, Economic Recession, Artisans, Poverty Vulnerability, Nigeria
ETHNO-RELIGIOUS DIVERSITY AND COMMUNAL CONFLICTS IN NIGERIA
*VEN EGESI JONATHAN. C., **VEN DR. SIMEON DURUJI & **EJIOGU CYNTHIA .I
*Imo State Polytechnic Umuagwo Ohaji, P.M.B 1472, Owerri, Nigeria **Department Of Religion and Cultural Studies, Alvan Ikoku Federal College of Education, Owerri
Religion have been given different definitions by scholars based primarily on the nomenclature, orientation and background. Let the above be as it may, religion is taken for any relationship between man and the super humans. Religion plays key role in unifying citizens making up any nation, but back home in Nigeria, the negative effects of religion have necessitated this academic research. The scholars adopted several research techniques in their bid to gather detailed data for analyses. This included oral Interviews, Journals, Newspapers and the internet. A few theories were incorporated into the work to make it enticing. The work concluded with the scholars appealing to different religious movement the world over to embrace and preach peace for it is the gateway to social stability.
Keywords: Ethnicity, Religion, Diversity, Communal Conflict, Nigeria.
NATIONAL CULTURE VARIATIONS, MOTIVATIONS AND TEAM WORK IN TOURISM AND HOSPITALITY ORGANISATIONS: STUDY OF NIGERIA AND BRITAIN
*MURTALA MOHAMMED ALAMAI, *BASHIR MUHAMMAD ABUBAKAR, *HAFSAT HUSSAINI MAHMOOD AND **ALIYU, FATIMA
*Leisure and Tourism Management Department, General Studies Department Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, P.M.B 0231 Bauchi. **Hospitality Department Kaduna polytechnic
In nearly every country around the world that has large ,medium, and even small organisations there exists a tendency for such organisations going international in order to have a percentage of revenue from overseas markets which entails managing a multicultural workforce in a globalised world across pre-existing boundaries of time, space and nation states through processes of movement of finance, investment, knowledge, skills and people, forging cross cultural interactions through exchange of employees to new countries, alliance into new practices of work interactions with overseas allies or as a consequence of an upsurge in relocation of labour. This study will evaluate the management challenges to be faced on a project that combines a multicultural workforce that are likely to differ in office administration, control style, group effort, leadership styles and motivation with an emphasis on Nigeria and the United Kingdom using Hofstede, Lewis. Trompanners and GLOBE cultural theories. The findings of the study reveal a huge difference in power distance relationships, individualism/Collectivism index as well as long and short term orientation index. With a recommendation that managers of tourism and hospitality organisations across national borders be familiar with aspects of organisational life, structures, governance styles, motivation patterns,
Keywords: Management, Culture, Motivation, Leadership, Team Work.
ASSESSING THE EFFECTS OF DIVORCE ON SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN BAUCHI METROPOLIS, NIGERIA
BASHIR A. MAIDAWA
Abubakar Tatari Ali Polytechnic Bauchi, Bauchi State Nigeria
The prevalence of divorce in Nigeria and especially Bauchi Northern Nigeria is increasingly becoming a major social problem to our society. The major problems developing from change in function in the family is an increase of family breakdown, which result from divorce. The effect of it varied from state to state socially, economically and politically. Hence the effect of divorce on the socio-economic development in Nigeria particularly our area of case study, that is Bauchi metropolis are in this research work. This single phenomenon as increased the rate of armed robbery, delinquencies, prostitution, drug addiction and a lot of social ills in the society due to lack of parental care from broken down families, tension and psychological disorder as a result of divorce. In order to sanitized the society and reduced the rate of divorce there is need to study the cause and effect of it on the society preferred possible means of eradicating with special emphasis on the socio-economic effect of it in relation to the society development.
Keywords: Divorce, Economic, Development, Effect, Bauchi
ASSESSMENT OF SOCIOECONOMIC CHALLENGES OF STATE OWNED TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS: A SOCIOLOGICAL SURVEY OF THE NEW DEMOCRATIC REGIME IN BORNO STATE, NIGERIA.
ZANNAH KALOMA ALI, 1 MUSTAPHA M. KIME 2 MADU YERIMA ABGYAL3 JUDE OKO-OBOH4
- 1. Department of Sociology, Umar Ibn Ibrahim El-Kenami College of Education Science and Technology Bama, Borno State, Nigeria 2. Department of Economics, Umar Ibn Ibrahim El-Kenami College of Education Science and Technology Bama, Borno State, Nigeria 3. Department of Geography, Umar Ibn Ibrahim El-Kenami College of Education Science and Technology Bama, Borno State, Nigeria 4. Department of Accounting, Umar Ibn Ibrahim El-Kenami College of Education Science and Technology Bama, Borno State, Nigeria
The thrust of this study examines both the economic and the political challenges being faced by the higher education in contemporary Borno state, Nigeria. The research highlighted issues like funding of teaching and learning, research and documentations and identifying those growing problems of political interference and their implications to the stakeholders particularly the students, teachers and the entire parents/citizenry. In this light, the study appraises areas such as funding, administration and autonomy among others. In conclusion, the study proffered some proactive and pragmatic approach involving all the stakeholders as the solution to the crisis in the entire education sub sector. At this juncture, all the three tiers of the governments are strongly advised to declare state of emergency in Borno state and the north east sub region so as to arrest this predicament.
Key words: Challenges, State, Owned, Tertiary, Institutions
DRAMATIZATION OF HISTORY OF NIGERIA’S AMALGAMATION IN J. P. CLARK ALL FOR OIL
Osun State Polytechnic, PMB 301, Iree, Osun State, Nigeria.
From the amalgamation of Northern and Southern protectorates of 1914, Nigeria as a Country has been seeking National cohesion, unity and integration with little success by successive regimes after independence due to perceived injustice inherent in the structure of Nigeria as a result of that amalgamation. This paper therefore examines J. P. Clark’s All for Oil which dwells on the topical issues concerning the Nigeria project. He elucidates the real reason(s) for the amalgamation in spite of the diverse cultural settings of the North and South of Nigeria. The study adopts and eclectic theoretic approach that encompasses sociological and Post colonial theories to explicate the text.
GOOD GOVERNANCE: PANACEA FOR REDUCING POVERTY AND HUNGER IN NIGERIA
NWACHUKWU EMMANUEL UCHE
Social Governance and Policy Research Department, Nigerian Institute of Social and Economic Research (NISER) Ibadan, Nigeria
Poverty and hunger remain pervasive in Nigeria due to the absence of good governance. Over the years as observed, there has been consistent mismanagement of resources leading to poverty and hunger in Nigeria. Reducing poverty and hunger in Nigeria cannot unfold by accident, rather through conscious and concerted efforts geared towards achieving this goal. Although, poverty and hunger is a universal phenomenon that affect the socio-economic and political wellbeing of the citizens’ be it in developed or developing countries. Accordingly, statistics shows that poverty and hunger is more prevalent in the developing countries which Nigeria is among. There is therefore, an urgent need for elected government officials to institute good governance at all levels to ensure citizens are lifted out of poverty and hunger. This paper therefore, examines good governance as a panacea for mitigating hunger and poverty in Nigeria. The data used were secondary sources on good governance, poverty and hunger reduction in Nigeria. The findings reveal that poor governance, corruption, misplaced allocation of resources, management and leadership failure were responsible for poverty and hunger in Nigeria. The paper concludes that poverty and hunger will persist if the problems militating against good governance in Nigeria are not addressed. Recommendations were made based on the finding.
Keywords: Good Governance, Poverty, Hunger, Corruption, Poverty Reduction.
GLOBALISATION AND COMMUNICATION: CULTURAL/MEDIA IMPERIALISM IN THE CHANGING GLOBAL MEDIA LANDSCAPE
ISAH YAHAYA ALIYU, BELLO IBRAHIM HALILU & SHAMSU ABDU DAUDA
Department of Mass Communication, Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi.
Three major schools of thought emerge from the study of contemporary globalization. They are represented by what scholars call the ‘Globalists’, the ‘Skeptics’ and the ‘Transformationalists.’ This paper adopts the conceptual approach by taking a theoretical look at the role of media and communications in the globalisation process and debate. It is the position of this paper that, while globalisation occurs in the economic, political, social, technological perspectives, it is cultural globalisation that occurs through the media; this however does not negate the indispensable role communication plays in all forms of globalisation. Media/cultural imperialism thesis has been challenged by globalisation as a result of the spread of new media technologies. Online social networks are challenging traditional notions of basic concepts like audience, society and even culture occasioned by new technologies’ potentials in breaking time and space. The paper concludes that as media and communication undergo transformations in the era of globalisation, and considering the prime place of communication in all forms of globaisation, scholars in other fields need to consider media and communications as integral to the analysis of globalisation.
Keywords: globalization, communication, cultural imperialism, debate, media
E-GOVERNMENT IMPROVE TRANSPARENCY AND REDUCE CORRUPTION
HASSAN ABUBAKAR1, KULIYA MOHAMMED2, GAMBO KAWE IBRAHIM3, ADONU SUNDAY EJIYIME4 ABDULKADIR MAIGARI TURAKI5
Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, Computer Science Department1,2,4,5 College of Education Gashuwa3
The research shows how corruption was tackled in different part of the world through e-government implementations. E-government implementation demonstrated accountability and transparency in government activities such as e-democracy, e-voting, e-procurement, and e-services. The research found that corruption has no place if e-government was fully implemented.
KEYWORDS: E-government, Transparency, Corruption, Reduce, Improve